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Stage 4 colorectal cancer

Juan M Marqués-Lespier, Marievelisse Soto-Salgado, María González-Pons, Vanessa Méndez, Katerina Freyre, Carlos Beltrán, Luis R Pericchi, Marcia Cruz-Correa
OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading causes of cancer death among men and women. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of oligopolyposis (≥20 synchronous colorectal adenomas) and its associated clinicopathological characteristics in Hispanics with incident CRC. METHODS: Pathology reports from individuals diagnosed with CRC (2007 to 2011) were obtained from the PR Central Cancer Registry. Colorectal polyp burden was calculated using pathology reports and the data was normalized to colon segment size...
2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Junichiro Kawamura, Fumiaki Sugiura, Yasushi Sukegawa, Yasumasa Yoshioka, Jin-Ichi Hida, Shoichi Hazama, Kiyotaka Okuno
The safety and immunological responsiveness of a peptide vaccine of ring finger protein 43 and 34-kDa translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane combined with uracil-tegafur/leucovorin (UFT/LV) was previously demonstrated in metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) in a phase I clinical trial. To clarify the survival benefit of a peptide vaccine combined with UFT/LV as adjuvant treatment, a phase II clinical trial was conducted involving patients with stage III CRC. All enrolled patients, whose human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A status was double-blinded, were administered the same regime of a peptide vaccine and UFT/LV chemotherapy...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Louise Rasmussen, Ib Jarle Christensen, Marielle Herzog, Jake Micallef, Hans Jørgen Nielsen
The aim was to evaluate serum levels of circulating cell-free nucleosomes (ccfn) containing a variety of epigenetic signals including 5-methylcytosine DNA, histone modifications H3K9Me3, H3K9Ac, H3S10PO4, H3K36Me3, H4K20Me3, H4PanAc and pH2AX, nucleosome variant H2AZ and nucleosome adducts with HMGB1 and EZH2 as well as ccfn per se, in addition to develop and evaluate predictor models based on the above mentioned ccfn and including serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), in early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC)...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Yisheng Wei, Xiao Zhang, Guoying Wang, Yaguang Zhou, Minrui Luo, Shan Wang, Chuyuan Hong
AIM: The effects of circulating eosinophils and basophils on cancer survival are unclear. Here, we aimed to explore the impacts of eosinophils and basophils on prognosis of stage I-III colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. METHODS: From February 2003 to March 2013, 569 stage I-III CRC patients were enrolled in this retrospective study. The associations between pretreatment circulating eosinophils, basophils and CRC overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) were investigated...
March 12, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
Eligijus Poskus, Marius Kryzauskas, Tomas Poskus, Saulius Mikalauskas, Narimantas Evaldas Samalavicius, Oleg Aliosin, Sarunas Dailidenas, Algimantas Tamelis, Zilvinas Saladzinskas, Paulius Lizdenis, Audrone Jakaitiene, Giedre Smailyte, Kestutis Strupas
PURPOSE: To compare perioperative colorectal cancer care and survival in patient cohorts operated in 2005 and in 2010 in Lithuania. METHODS: Comparative observational cohort study was performed. The study was conducted in the three Lithuanian cancer hospitals. Patients, who underwent curative surgery for colorectal cancer in 2005 and 2010, were included. Demographic characteristics, distribution of the tumors, preoperative diagnostics and staging, surgical treatment, the quality of pathological examination, morbidity, and mortality were analyzed...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Jun Arimoto, Takuma Higurashi, Shingo Kato, Akiko Fuyuki, Hidenori Ohkubo, Takashi Nonaka, Yoshikazu Yamaguchi, Keiichi Ashikari, Hideyuki Chiba, Shungo Goto, Masataka Taguri, Takashi Sakaguchi, Kazuhiro Atsukawa, Atsushi Nakajima
Background and study aims:  Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common neoplasms and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an effective treatment for early-stage CRC. However, it has been observed that patients undergoing ESD often complain of pain, even if ESD has been successfully performed. Risk factors for such pain still remain unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the risk factors for post-colorectal ESD coagulation syndrome (PECS). Patients and methods : This was a prospective multicenter observational trial (UMIN000016781) conducted in 106 of 223 patients who underwent ESD between March 2015 and April 2016...
March 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Rita Vale Rodrigues, Isabel Claro, Pedro Lage, Isadora Rosa, Sara Ferreira, João Pereira da Silva, António Dias Pereira
PURPOSE: Lynch syndrome (LS) is associated with a high risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to assess the cumulative risk for the development of colorectal adenomas or carcinomas in a LS CRC surveillance program and to audit the quality of the endoscopic procedures. METHODS: We evaluated 147 asymptomatic LS mutation carriers, without previous CRC, in a surveillance program with colonoscopy every 12-18 months, between 2005 and 2016. Data was obtained by retrospective review of colonoscopy reports and hospital clinical files...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Isabel M Leal, Lillian S Kao, Burzeen Karanjawala, Richard J Escamilla, Tien C Ko, Stefanos G Millas
BACKGROUND: Greater understanding of barriers to screening of colorectal cancer among lower socioeconomic, particularly Hispanic, patients is needed to improve disparities in care. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore patients' perceptions and experiences of care seeking for colorectal cancer to identify barriers to early diagnosis and treatment. DESIGN: This explorative qualitative study was conducted as a focused ethnography of patients diagnosed with advanced-stage colorectal cancer...
April 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Yang Zhang, Linjuan Xu, Minggang Peng
Objective: To deeply verify the clinical significance of CXCR3 in prediction of cancer patients' prognosis. Data sources: We performed a meta-analysis including 12 studies searched from PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane databases. A total of 1,751 patients were used to analyze the association between CXCR3 and patients' prognosis, based on either overall survival or time to tumor progression. Study selection: Studies evaluating CXCR3 expression for predicting prognosis in human solid tumors were included...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Suleyman Kalcan, Abdullah Sisik, Fatih Basak, Mustafa Hasbahceci, Ali Kilic, Koray Kosmaz, Ali Ediz Kivanc, Ilyas Kudas, Gurhan Bas, Orhan Alimoglu
Context: Colorectal cancers are frequent among cancers of gastrointestinal system. Whether there are any differences between survival in rectum and colon cancer patients is controversial. Aims: In this study, we aimed to compare survival in surgically treated rectum and colon cancers and determine the factors affecting survival. Subjects and Methods: The patients with colon and rectum cancer operated between 2009 and 2013 were examined retrospectively using prospective database...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Raju Kandimalla, Feng Gao, Takatoshi Matsuyama, Toshiaki Ishikawa, Hiroyuki Uetake, Naoki Takahashi, Yasuhide Yamada, Carlos R Becerra, Scott Kopetz, Xin Wang, Ajay Goel
Purpose The current TNM (Tumor Node Metastasis) staging system is inadequate at identifying high-risk colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Using a systematic and comprehensive-biomarker discovery and validation approach, we aimed to identify a miRNA-recurrence classifier (MRC) that can improve upon the current TNM-staging as well as superior to currently offered molecular assays. Experimental Design Three independent genome-wide miRNA-expression profiling datasets were used for biomarker discovery (N=158) and in-silico validation (N=109 and N=40) to identify a miRNA signature for predicting tumor recurrence in CRC patients...
March 7, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Carl Pontus Gustafsson, Ulf Gunnarsson, Ursula Dahlstrand, Ulrik Lindforss
PURPOSE: To identify factors associated with timing of stoma reversal after rectal cancer surgery in a large Swedish register-based cohort. METHODS: Three thousand five hundred sixty-four patients with rectal cancer who received a protective stoma during surgery in 2007-2013 were identified in the Swedish colorectal cancer register. Time to stoma reversal was evaluated over a follow-up period of one and a half years. Factors associated with timing of stoma reversal were analysed using Cox regression analysis...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
David W Borowski, Sarah Cawkwell, Syed M Amir Zaidi, Matthew Toward, Nicola Maguire, Dharmendra K Garg, Talvinder S Gill
Purpose The NHS Bowel cancer screening programme (NHSBCSP) aims to reduce colorectal cancer (CRC) cumulative mortality by up to 23 per cent; long-term outcomes at national level are not yet known. The purpose of this paper is to examine a local population of CRC patients of screening age for their characteristics and long-term survival in relation to their presentation, including through the NHSBCSP. Design/methodology/approach Retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained CRC database for the years 2009-2014 in a single district hospital providing bowel cancer screening and tertiary rectal cancer services...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Andrea N Burnett-Hartman, Scott V Adams, Aasthaa Bansal, Jean A McDougall, Stacey A Cohen, Andrew Karnopp, Victoria Warren-Mears, Scott D Ramsey
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine whether the association between late-stage cancer and American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) race differed by enrollment in the Indian Health Service Care System (IHSCS). METHODS: We used Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data linked to Medicare files to compare the odds of late-stage breast, colorectal, lung, or prostate cancer between non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs) (n=285,993) and AI/ANs with (n=581) and without (n=543) IHSCS enrollment...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Heae Surng Park, Byung Chang Kim, Hyun Yang Yeo, Kyung-Hee Kim, Byong Chul Yoo, Ji Won Park, Hee Jin Chang
The gene deleted in malignant brain tumor 1 (DMBT1) encoding a large scavenger receptor cysteine-rich protein was originally identified based on its deletion in a brain tumor cell line. The DMBT1 protein is involved in mucosal immune defense, epithelial differentiation and tumor suppression. In the present study, the clinicopathologic significance of DMBT1 protein expression in stool and tissue samples of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients was evaluated. Western blot analysis of fecal DMBT1 was performed for patients with CRC (n=177), colorectal adenoma (n=61), inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs; n=54) and healthy individuals as the control group (n=151)...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Reports
Joe Littlechild, Muneer Junejo, Anne-Marie Simons, Finlay Curran, Darren Subar
AIM: To evaluate prognostic pathological factors associated with early metachronous disease and adverse long-term survival in these patients. METHODS: Clinical and histological features were analysed retrospectively over an eight-year period for prognostic impact on recurrent disease and overall survival in patients undergoing curative resection of a primary colorectal cancer. RESULTS: A total of 266 patients underwent curative surgery during the study period...
February 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
Shufang Ning, Wene Wei, Jilin Li, Bingbing Hou, Jianhong Zhong, Yuxuan Xie, Haizhou Liu, Xianwei Mo, Jiansi Chen, Litu Zhang
Despite extensive progress in treatment for cancer in recent decades, the early diagnosis for gastric cancer (GC) and colorectal cancer (CRC) remains poor. In this study, we explore the diagnostic value of joint detection of thymidine kinase 1 (TK1), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) and carbohydrate antigen 72-4 (CA 72-4) in the diagnosis of GC and CRC, and to evaluated the relationship between TK1 expression and clinical pathological characteristics in the patients. Serum TK1, CA 19-9, CA 72-4 and CEA levels were measured in 169 patients with GC, 344 patients with CRC and 75 healthy controls using electro-chemiluminescence...
2018: Journal of Cancer
Yoji Nishimura, Shinsuke Kazama, Yusuke Nishizawa, Takashi Takenoya, Michitoshi Takano, Hiroaki Ishii, Yoshiyuki Kawashima, Hirohiko Sakamoto
We experienced 3 impressive colorectal cancer patients who developed peritoneal recurrences and underwent surgery several times and survived for more than 5 years. Case No. 1 was of a 44-year-old woman who underwent right hemicolectomy for her stage II A ascending colon cancer. She developed left ovarian metastasis, which was resected 3 years later. Five years later, she developed a pelvic peritoneal recurrence, which was resected successfully. Thirteen years later, she is doing well. Case No. 2 was of a 61-year-old man who underwent transverse colectomy for his stage II B colon cancer...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Lihi Bar-Lev Schleider, Raphael Mechoulam, Violeta Lederman, Mario Hilou, Ori Lencovsky, Oded Betzalel, Liat Shbiro, Victor Novack
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a major public health problem as the leading cause of death. Palliative treatment aimed to alleviate pain and nausea in patients with advanced disease is a cornerstone of oncology. In 2007, the Israeli Ministry of Health began providing approvals for medical cannabis for the palliation of cancer symptoms. The aim of this study is to characterize the epidemiology of cancer patients receiving medical cannabis treatment and describe the safety and efficacy of this therapy...
March 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Theresa Coles, Antonia V Bennett, Xianming Tan, Claudio L Battaglini, Hanna K Sanoff, Ethan Basch, Roxanne E Jensen, Bryce B Reeve
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between exercise and sleep disturbance in a sample of individuals diagnosed with stage I, II, and III colorectal cancer (CRC) as patients transitioned off first-line treatment. We also sought to identify heterogeneity in the relationship between sleep disturbance and exercise. METHODS: Data were obtained from the MY-Health study, a community-based observational study of adults diagnosed with cancer...
February 22, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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