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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906026/plasma-hiv-1-rna-viral-load-rebound-among-people-who-inject-drugs-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy-art-in-a-canadian-setting-an-ethno-epidemiological-study
#1
Will Small, M J Milloy, Ryan McNeil, Lisa Maher, Thomas Kerr
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) living with HIV often experience sub-optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) treatment outcomes, including HIV plasma viral load (PVL) rebound. While previous studies have identified risk factors for PVL rebound among PWID, no study has examined the perspectives of PWID who have experienced PVL rebound episodes. We conducted an ethno-epidemiological study to investigate the circumstances surrounding the emergence of rebound episodes among PWID in Vancouver, BC, Canada...
July 25, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871502/screening-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-asymptomatic-adults
#2
REVIEW
Muhammad Usman Ali, Donna Fitzpatrick-Lewis, John Miller, Rachel Warren, Meghan Kenny, Diana Sherifali, Parminder Raina
BACKGROUND: This report was produced for the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care to provide guidelines on screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with ultrasound scan. PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review is to examine the evidence on benefits and harms of AAA screening. SEARCH STRATEGY: This systematic review considered studies from the most recent United States Preventive Services Task Force review on AAA screening and passed through the screening process with citations identified in our search up to April 2015 (PROSPERO Registration #CRD42015019047)...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870037/chronic-wasting-disease-in-white-tailed-deer-infection-mortality-and-implications-for-heterogeneous-transmission
#3
Michael D Samuel, Daniel J Storm
Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease affecting free-ranging and captive cervids that now occurs in 24 U.S. states and two Canadian provinces. Despite the potential threat of CWD to deer populations, little is known about the rates of infection and mortality caused by this disease. We used epidemiological models to estimate the force of infection and disease-associated mortality for white-tailed deer in the Wisconsin and Illinois CWD outbreaks. Models were based on age-prevalence data corrected for bias in aging deer using the tooth wear and replacement method...
November 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856387/robotic-versus-laparoscopic-staging-for-early-ovarian-cancer-a-case-matched-control-study
#4
V Gallotta, C Cicero, C Conte, G Vizzielli, M Petrillo, A Fagotti, V Chiantera, B Costantini, G Scambia, G Ferrandina
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the feasibility, surgical outcome and oncological results observed after robotic staging compared to conventional laparoscopic staging for patients with early-stage ovarian cancer (EOC) patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Catholic University of the Sacred Hearth, Rome, Italy. PATIENTS: 96 patients underwent minimally invasive staging for presumed stage I ovarian cancer: 32 underwent robotic approach (Cases), and 64 underwent laparoscopic approach (Controls)...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856386/reproductive-outcome-in-patients-with-intrauterine-adhesions-following-hysteroscopic-adhesiolysis-experience-from-the-largest-women-s-hospital-in-china
#5
Limei Chen, Hongwei Zhang, Qing Wang, Feng Xie, Shujun Gao, Yu Song, Jing Dong, Hua Feng, Kangyun Xie, Long Sui
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reproductive outcome of hysteroscopic adhesiolysis and assess the diagnostic accuracy of transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) in infertile women resulting from intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) DESIGN: Retrospective , cross-sectional study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University tertiary referral center PATIENTS: Three hundred and fifty seven patients with mild, moderate, and severe IUAs underwent hysteroscopic adhesiolysis between January 2012 and December 2015 INTERVENTIONS: Hysteroscopic adhesiolysis in the outpatient analgesic setting for infertility and IUAs...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856385/wound-infiltration-with-extended-release-versus-short-acting-bupivacaine-before-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Kenneth I Barron, Georgine M Lamvu, R Cole Schmidt, Matthew Fisk, Emily Blanton, Insiyyah Patanwala
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if pre-incision infiltration with extended-release liposomal bupivacaine provides improved overall pain relief compared to 0.25% bupivacaine after laparoscopic or robotic-assisted hysterectomy. DESIGN: Single center double-masked randomized controlled trial (Canadian Task Force Classification I). SETTING: Tertiary-care community hospital PATIENTS: Patients recruited from July 2015 through January 2016. Sixty-four patients were randomized and 59 were analyzed for the primary outcome...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849498/explaining-performance-on-military-tasks-in-the-canadian-armed-forces-the-importance-of-morphological-and-physical-fitness-characteristics
#7
Hans Christian Tingelstad, Daniel Theoret, Michael Spicovck, Francois Haman
Several occupations apply physical fitness tests to assess occupational physical performance to confirm that their employees meet minimum physical employment standards. Knowledge about factors affecting performance on these physical fitness tests could provide valuable information concerning mode of training. The main purpose of this study was to determine which morphological and/or physiological characteristics could explain overall performance outcome on six complex military tasks used to measure Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members' occupational fitness...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843063/detection-in-subsurface-air-of-radioxenon-released-from-medical-isotope-production
#8
Christine Johnson, Steven Biegalski, Derek Haas, Justin Lowrey, Theodore Bowyer, James Hayes, Reynold Suarez, Michael Ripplinger
In order to better understand potential backgrounds of Comprehensive-Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty on-site inspection relevant gases, a sampling campaign was performed near Canadian Nuclear Laboratories in the Ottawa River Valley, a major source of environmental radioxenon. First of their kind measurements of atmospheric radioxenon imprinted into the shallow subsurface from an atmospheric pressure driven force were made using current on-site inspection techniques. Both atmospheric and subsurface gas samples were measured and analyzed to determine radioxenon concentrations...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826116/safety-and-efficacy-of-advanced-bipolar-vessel-sealing-in-vaginal-hysterectomy-1000-cases
#9
Henri Clavé, Arnaud Clavé
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of advanced electrothermal bipolar vessel sealing (EBVS) during vaginal hysterectomy by evaluating urinary complications, overall complications, and reoperation rate. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort (Canadian Task Force classification III) SETTING: High volume gynecologic surgeon practice, private hospital. PATIENTS: One thousand consecutive patients who have undergone vaginal hysterectomy for benign conditions carried out with EBVS between January 2002 and December 2012...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815041/feasibility-of-robotic-assisted-laparoendoscopic-single-site-surgery-in-the-gynecologic-oncology-setting
#10
Lea A Moukarzel, Amanda N Fader, Edward J Tanner
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of incorporating robotic laparoendoscopic single-site (R-LESS) surgery into gynecologic oncology care. DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: Academic university hospital. PATIENTS: Patients undergoing R-LESS hysterectomy for gynecologic malignancies, preinvasive disease, or risk reduction performed by a single gynecologic oncologist between 2014 and 2016...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785344/innovative-levers-for-sustainable-integration-of-gender-medicine-into-medical-school-curricula
#11
EDITORIAL
Cara Tannenbaum, Geneviève Moineau
Efforts to integrate gender medicine into medical school curricula have focused largely on the work of individual champions. Online sex and gender materials for undergraduate courses have also been developed and disseminated. Success has been sporadic, with varying uptake across schools within and between countries. International trends in medical school accreditation processes and the growing force of the millennial student voice offer untapped opportunities to promote more systematic integration of gender medicine on a national and international level...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780347/indications-and-complications-associated-with-the-removal-of-506-pieces-of-vaginal-mesh-used-in-pelvic-floor-reconstruction-a-multicenter-study
#12
John R Miklos, Orawee Chinthakanan, Robert D Moore, Deborah R Karp, Gladys M Nogueiras, G Willy Davila
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Synthetic mesh utilized to treat stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) can often result in postoperative complications. The objectives of this study were to determine: 1) the most common indications for mesh removal; 2) the incidences of the removal of specific mesh procedures (such as suburethral sling [SUS], transvaginal mesh [TVM], or sacrocolpopexy); and 3) the idences and types of surgical complications associated with mesh removal. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study...
October 26, 2016: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773811/prevalence-and-impact-of-chronic-endometritis-in-patients-with-intrauterine-adhesions-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Yuqing Chen, Lixiang Liu, Yuanna Luo, Minghui Chen, Yang Huan, Ruili Fang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and impact of chronic endometritis (CE) in patients with intrauterine adhesions (IUAs). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study between May 2015 and December 2015. DESIGN: Classification:Canadian Task Force classification II-2 SETTING: University-affiliated Hospital. PATIENT(S): Eighty-two women with moderate to severe IUA.
 INTERVENTION(S): Transcervical resection of adhesions (TCRA) and endometrial biopsy were performed in all patients...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773810/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-pelvic-pain-after-mesh-implant-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-pelvic-floor-disorders
#14
Elizabeth J Geller, Emma Babb, Andrea G Nackley, Denniz Zolnoun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess incidence and risk factors for pelvic pain after pelvic mesh implantation. DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Single university hospital. PATIENTS: Women who have undergone surgery with pelvic mesh implant for treatment of pelvic floor disorders including prolapse and incontinence. INTERVENTIONS: Telephone interviews to assess pain, sexual function, and general health...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765524/costs-of-hospital-malnutrition
#15
Lori Jane Curtis, Paule Bernier, Khursheed Jeejeebhoy, Johane Allard, Donald Duerksen, Leah Gramlich, Manon Laporte, Heather H Keller
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hospital malnutrition has been established as a critical, prevalent, and costly problem in many countries. Many cost studies are limited due to study population or cost data used. The aims of this study were to determine: the relationship between malnutrition and hospital costs; the influence of confounders on, and the drivers (medical or surgical patients or degree of malnutrition) of the relationship; and whether hospital reported cost data provide similar information to administrative data...
September 19, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742483/oxidized-regenerated-cellulose-adhesion-barrier-plus-intrauterine-device-prevents-recurrence-after-adhesiolysis-for-moderate-to-severe-intrauterine-adhesions
#16
Huihua Cai, Lin Qiao, KaiJing Song, Yuanli He
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of an oxidized, regenerated cellulose adhesion barrier (Interceed; Ethicon, Somerville, NJ) combined with an intrauterine device (IUD) versus an IUD alone for preventing adhesion recurrence following hysteroscopic adhesiolysis for moderate to severe intrauterine adhesions (IUAs). DESIGN: Retrospective case series (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Tertiary care teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Patients undergoing treatment for moderate to severe IUAs...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738826/gender-differences-in-the-association-of-individual-and-contextual-exposures-with-lung-function-in-a-rural-canadian-population
#17
Bonnie Janzen, Chandima Karunanayake, Donna Rennie, William Pickett, Joshua Lawson, Shelley Kirychuk, Louise Hagel, Ambikaipakan Senthilselvan, Niels Koehncke, James Dosman, Punam Pahwa
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the association of individual and contextual exposures with lung function by gender in rural-dwelling Canadians. METHODS: A cross-sectional mail survey obtained completed questionnaires on exposures from 8263 individuals; a sub-sample of 1609 individuals (762 men, 847 women) additionally participated in clinical lung function testing. The three dependent variables were forced expired volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and FEV1/FVC ratio...
October 13, 2016: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725278/laparoscopic-sentinel-node-mapping-in-endometrial-cancer-after-hysteroscopic-injection-of-indocyanine-green
#18
Fabio Martinelli, Antonino Ditto, Giorgio Bogani, Mauro Signorelli, Valentina Chiappa, Domenica Lorusso, Edward Haeusler, Francesco Raspagliesi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report the detection rate (DR) of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) in endometrial cancer (EC) patients after hysteroscopic injection of indocyanine green (ICG) and laparoscopic near-infrared (L-NIR) fluorescence mapping. DESIGN: Prospectively collected data (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Gynecologic oncology referral center. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients with apparent early-stage endometrioid EC scheduled for surgical treatment: total laparoscopic hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, SLN mapping...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720100/ultrasound-evaluation-of-first-trimester-complications-of-pregnancy
#19
Lucie Morin, Yvonne M Cargill, Phyllis Glanc
OBJECTIVE: OUTCOMES:: EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search and review of bibliographies identified articles was conducted. VALUES: The evidence collected was reviewed by the Diagnostic Imaging Committee of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. The recommendations were made according to the guidelines developed by The Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (Table 1). BENEFITS, HARMS, AND COSTS: Women presenting with first trimester bleeding may be incorrectly diagnosed with a missed abortion, may have an ectopic pregnancy overlooked, or may be inappropriately reassured about viability...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702704/minimally-invasive-surgical-staging-for-ovarian-carcinoma-a-propensity-matched-comparison-with-traditional-open-surgery
#20
Antonino Ditto, Giorgio Bogani, Fabio Martinelli, Mauro Signorelli, Valentina Chiappa, Cono Scaffa, Alice Indini, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Growing evidence supports the safety of laparoscopic approach for patients affected by apparent early stage ovarian cancer (eEOC). However, no well-designed studies comparing laparoscopic (LS) and open surgical staging (OSS) are available. In the present investigation we aimed to provide a balanced long-term comparison between these two approaches. DESIGN: Retrospective study DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force classification II-2 SETTING: Tertiary Centre PATIENTS: Data of consecutive patients affected by eEOC who had LS were matched 1:1 with a cohort of patients undergoing OSS...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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