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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524384/patient-reported-dietetic-care-post-hospital-for-free-living-patients-a-canadian-malnutrition-task-force-study
#1
H Keller, H Payette, M Laporte, P Bernier, J Allard, D Duerksen, L Gramlich, K Jeejeebhoy
BACKGROUND: Transitions out of hospital can influence recovery. Ideally, malnourished patients should be followed by someone with nutrition expertise, specifically a dietitian, post discharge from hospital. Predictors of dietetic care post discharge are currently unknown. The present study aimed to determine the patient factors independently associated with 30-days post hospital discharge dietetic care for free-living patients who transitioned to the community. METHODOLOGY: Nine hundred and twenty-two medical or surgical adult patients were recruited in 16 acute care hospitals in eight Canadian provinces on admission...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500931/the-influence-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-on-lung-function-in-a-representative-sample-of-the-canadian-population
#2
Sabit Cakmak, Chris Hebbern, Jasmine D Cakmak, Robert E Dales
We investigated the associations between exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and selected respiratory physiologic measures in cycles 2 and 3 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey, a nationally representative population sample. Using generalized linear mixed models, we tested the association between selected PAH metabolites and 1-second forced expiratory volume (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and the ratio between the two (FEV1/FVC) in 3531 people from 6 to 79 years of age. An interquartile change in urinary PAH metabolite was associated with significant decrements in FEV1 and FVC for eight PAHs, 2-hydroxynapthalene, 1-, and 2-hydroxyphenanthrene, 2-, 3-, and 9-hydroxyfluorene and 3- and 4-hydroxyphenanthrene...
May 10, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490190/deployment-related-traumatic-events-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-canadian-armed-forces-personnel
#3
Jitender Sareen, Tracie O Afifi, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Sarah Turner, Murray B Stein, Mark A Zamorski
OBJECTIVE: Worldwide, there has been substantial controversy with respect to whether military deployment is a risk factor for suicidal behaviour. The present study examined the relationship between lifetime exposure to deployment and deployment-related traumatic events (DRTEs) and past-year suicidal ideation (SI), suicidal plans (SP), and suicidal attempts (SA). METHOD: Data were analysed from the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey (8161 respondents; response rate, 79...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487176/feasibility-of-reduced-port-robotic-surgery-for-myomectomy-with-the-da-vinci-%C3%A2-surgical-system
#4
Jeong Jin Kim, Chahien Choi, Su Hyun Nam, Woo Young Kim
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To present our initial experience with reduced port robotic surgery (RPRS) for myomectomy using Octo-Port. DESIGN: Prospective and noncomparative study. (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Nineteen consecutive patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids desiring conservative minimally invasive robotic surgery from October 2015 to December 2016 INTERVENTIONS: An 8...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479170/assessing-the-risk-of-occult-cancer-and-30-day-morbidity-in-women-undergoing-risk-reducing-surgery-a-prospective-experience
#5
Giorgio Bogani, Elena Tagliabue, Mauro Signorelli, Valentina Chiappa, Maria Luisa Carcangiu, Biagio Paolini, Jvan Casarin, Cono Scaffa, Massimiliano Gennaro, Fabio Martinelli, Chiara Borghi, Antonino Ditto, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and predictive factors of 30-day surgery-related morbidity and occult precancerous and cancerous conditions for women undergoing risk-reducing surgery. DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-1). SETTING: Gynecologic oncology referral center. PATIENTS: Breast Related Cancer Antigen (BRCA) mutation carriers and BRCAx patients (those with significant family history of breast and ovarian cancer)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461175/in-office-hysteroscopic-extraction-of-intrauterine-devices-in-pregnant-patients-who-underwent-prior-ultrasound-guided-extraction-failure
#6
Shlomo B Cohen, Jerome Bouaziz, Alexandra Bar On, Eyal Schiff, Motti Goldenberg, Roy Maschiach
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine an effective method of intrauterine device (IUD) retrieval from pregnant women who had previous unsuccessful ultrasound-guided IUD extraction failure. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian task force classification II-1) SETTING: Gynecology department of an outpatient clinic. PATIENTS: Pregnant patients in their first trimester with IUD in situ who underwent prior unsuccessful ultrasound-guided IUD extraction...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456092/occupation-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer-in-canadian-men-a-case-control-study-across-eight-canadian-provinces
#7
Jeavana Sritharan, Paul A Demers, Shelley A Harris, Donald C Cole, Cheryl E Peters
BACKGROUND: The etiology of prostate cancer continues to be poorly understood, including the role of occupation. Past Canadian studies have not been able to thoroughly examine prostate cancer by occupation with detailed information on individual level factors. METHODS: Occupation, industry and prostate cancer were examined using data from the National Enhanced Cancer Surveillance System, a large population-based case-control study conducted across eight Canadian provinces from 1994 to 1997...
April 26, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450252/3d-hysterosalpingo-contrast-sonography-with-gel-foam-methodology-and-feasibility-to-obtain-3d-volumes-of-tubal-shape
#8
Caterina Exacoustos, Alessandra Pizzo, Lucia Lazzeri, Adalgisa Pietropolli, Emilio Piccione, Errico Zupi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility of hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy) with automated 3D software in the evaluation of tubal patency and visualization of the tubal course by obtaining a 3D volume acquisition of tubes. DESIGN: Prospective observational study DESIGN: Classification: Canadian Task Force III. SETTING: University Hospital PATIENTS: 132 infertile females between October 2013 and February 2015 INTERVENTIONS: All patients underwent HyFoSy with the new automated 3D software Coded Contrast Imaging (CCI) followed by 2D real-time HyFoSy...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445777/five-year-follow-up-after-laparoscopic-large-nerve-resection-for-deep-infiltrating-sciatic-nerve-endometriosis
#9
Marc Possover
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report neurologic follow-up of patients after laparoscopic large resection of deep infiltrating endometriosis of the sciatic nerve. DESIGN: Prospective clinical case series (Canadian Task Force classification I). SETTING: Tertiary referral unit specializing in advanced gynecologic surgery and neuropelveology. PATIENTS: All data for patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis of the sciatic nerve between 2004 and 2016 (N = 259) were documented prospectively...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445221/changes-in-personal-relationships-during-residency-and-their-effects-on-resident-wellness-a-qualitative-study
#10
Marcus Law, Michelle Lam, Diana Wu, Paula Veinot, Maria Mylopoulos
PURPOSE: Residency poses challenges for residents' personal relationships. Research suggests residents rely on family and friends for support during their training. The authors explored the impact of residency demands on residents' personal relationships and the effects changes in those relationships could have on their wellness. METHOD: The authors used a constructivist grounded theory approach. In 2012-2014, they conducted semistructured interviews with a purposive and theoretical sample of 16 Canadian residents from various specialties and training levels...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438952/recommendations-on-hepatitis-c-screening-for-adults
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436360/prostate-cancer-screening-practices-amongst-physicians-in-the-north-simcoe-muskoka-local-health-integration-network
#12
Thomas Burrows, A Andrew Ray, Cory Hartsburg
INTRODUCTION: The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening test is controversial and can result in both over-diagnosis and over-treatment. Recently, the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (CTFPHC) has recommended against routine screening for prostate cancer. We sought to determine how the CTFPHC has impacted the practice patterns among family physicians in the North Simcoe Muskoka (NSM) Local Health Integration Network (LHIN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed all 439 family physicians within the NSM LHIN as well as 21 residents of the Family Medical Teaching Unit...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435130/intramyometrial-injection-of-vasopressin-a-novel-method-for-hemostasis-at-laparoscopic-management-of-cornual-ectopic
#13
Ramesh Bettaiah, Shwetha Sudhakar Kamath
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Injection of vasopressin into the uterus , significantly reduces the vascularity of the cornual ectopic, thereby resulting in bloodless surgery. DESIGN: A step by step demonstration of the surgical procedure. Canadian task force classification III SETTING: while all ectopics are associated with risk of hemorrhage, cornual pregnancies are feared for catastrophic hemorrhage and uncontrollable bleeding. The maternal mortality rate can be as high as 2...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435128/randomized-trial-on-fast-track-care-in-colorectal-surgery-for-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#14
Marco Scioscia, Marcello Ceccaroni, Irene Gentile, Roberto Rossini, Roberto Clarizia, Davide Brunelli, Giacomo Ruffo
STUDY OBJECT: To study the application of a fast-track care protocol in colorectal surgery for deep infiltrating endometriosis. Bowel endometriosis is an infrequent but not rare condition that often needs intestinal surgery and imposes a high economic burden on society. DESIGN: Prospective randomized trial (Canadian Task Force I). SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: We randomly assigned 227 patients with preoperative evidence of bowel endometriosis to a fast-track (no preoperative bowel preparation, early restoration of diet, no postoperative antibiotics, and early post-operative mobilization) or conventional care for laparoscopic intestinal surgery...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413042/no-329-canadian-contraception-consensus-part-4-of-4-chapter-9-combined-hormonal-contraception
#15
Amanda Black, Edith Guilbert, Dustin Costescu, Sheila Dunn, William Fisher, Sari Kives, Melissa Mirosh, Wendy V Norman, Helen Pymar, Robert Reid, Geneviève Roy, Hannah Varto, Ashley Waddington, Marie-Soleil Wagner, Anne Marie Whelan
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidelines for health care providers on the use of contraceptive methods to prevent pregnancy and on the promotion of healthy sexuality. OUTCOMES: Overall efficacy of cited contraceptive methods, assessing reduction in pregnancy rate, safety, and side effects; the effect of cited contraceptive methods on sexual health and general well-being; and the availability of cited contraceptive methods in Canada. EVIDENCE: Medline and the Cochrane Database were searched for articles in English on subjects related to contraception, sexuality, and sexual health from January 1994 to December 2015 in order to update the Canadian Contraception Consensus published February-April 2004...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412641/the-gap-between-entitlement-and-access-to-healthcare-an-analysis-of-candidacy-in-the-help-seeking-trajectories-of-asylum-seekers-in-montreal
#16
Liana E Chase, Janet Cleveland, Jesse Beatson, Cécile Rousseau
In 2012 the Canadian government made significant cuts to its historically strong federal refugee health coverage plan. While this policy had negligible effects on the level of coverage provided to asylum seekers in Quebec, there is evidence that this group nonetheless experienced reduced healthcare access during the period of polarized national debate that ensued. This study engaged the "candidacy" model of healthcare access to illuminate factors contributing to the observed gap between entitlement and access...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412577/describing-heterogeneity-of-unmet-needs-among-adults-with-a-developmental-disability-an-examination-of-the-2012-canadian-survey-on-disability
#17
Jennifer Zwicker, Arezou Zaresani, J C Herb Emery
BACKGROUND: As a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Canada has committed to protect the rights and dignity of persons with developmental disabilities (DD), which means that labour markets, education, and training opportunities should be inclusive and accessible. PURPOSE: Describe the unmet employment, education and daily needs of adults with DD, with a sub analysis of persons with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and cerebral palsy (CP) in Canada, to inform efficient and equitable policy development...
April 13, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411085/vaginal-myomectomy-using-d%C3%A3-hrssen-longitudinal-median-cervical-incision-a-case-series-of-19-patients
#18
Wai Yoong, Wei Zhao, Hong Cai, Robyn D'Cruz, Alessia Corrieri, John Hamilton, Abiodun Fakokunde
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine demographics and outcome measures of women having undergone vaginal excision of myoma through Dührssen (longitudinal median cervical) incision DESIGN: Prospective case series DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: The design of the study conforms to Canadian Task Force II3 ie evidence from timed series SETTING: A London teaching hospital PATIENTS: 19 patients with either a) submucus myoma (type 1) located near the cervix or b) pedunculated intracavity myoma (type 0), excised via Dührssen incision INTERVENTIONS: Dührssen (median longitudinal) incision on the anterior or posterior cervical lip MEASUREMENTS: Duration of procedure, intraoperative complications, estimated blood loss, length of stay, % 24 hour discharge, readmission rates RESULTS: Between 2009-16, 19 women had their myomas (submucus type 1, n=17; pedunculated intracavity type 0, n=2) removed vaginally via Dührssen incision...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401140/the-canadian-minimum-dataset-for-chronic-low-back-pain-research-a-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-national-institutes-of-health-task-force-research-standards
#19
Anaïs Lacasse, Jean-Sébastien Roy, Alexandre J Parent, Nioushah Noushi, Chúk Odenigbo, Gabrielle Pagé, Nicolas Beaudet, Manon Choinière, Laura S Stone, Mark A Ware
BACKGROUND: To better standardize clinical and epidemiological studies about the prevalence, risk factors, prognosis, impact and treatment of chronic low back pain, a minimum data set was developed by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Task Force on Research Standards for Chronic Low Back Pain. The aim of the present study was to develop a culturally adapted questionnaire that could be used for chronic low back pain research among French-speaking populations in Canada. METHODS: The adaptation of the French Canadian version of the minimum data set was achieved according to guidelines for the cross-cultural adaptation of self-reported measures (double forward-backward translation, expert committee, pretest among 35 patients with pain in the low back region)...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400246/the-effects-of-captivity-survival-training-on-mood-dissociation-ptsd-symptoms-cognitive-performance-and-stress-hormones
#20
Cindy Suurd Ralph, Oshin Vartanian, Harris R Lieberman, Charles A Morgan, Bob Cheung
In the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), Conduct After Capture (CAC) training is a 4-day captivity survival course during which soldiers are exposed to increasing stress, and evaluated on their ability to accomplish military objectives. We hypothesized that: (a) compared to baseline, CAC training would cause significant, reversible perturbations in measures of psychological functioning and serum and salivary stress hormone levels relevant to models of stress hardiness and vulnerability; and (b) deviations from baseline would be maximal at the time point of most intense stress during training...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
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