Read by QxMD icon Read


Dong Liu, Adam Stowie, Nuria de Zavalia, Tanya Leise, Salil Saurav Pathak, Lester R Drewes, Alec J Davidson, Shimon Amir, Nahum Sonenberg, Ruifeng Cao
Mammalian/mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling controls cell growth, proliferation, and metabolism in dividing cells. Less is known regarding its function in postmitotic neurons in the adult brain. Here we created a conditional mTOR knockout mouse model to address this question. Using the Cre-LoxP system, the mTOR gene was specifically knocked out in cells expressing Vip (vasoactive intestinal peptide), which represent a major population of interneurons widely distributed in the neocortex, suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), olfactory bulb (OB), and other brain regions...
March 19, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Daniel Almirall, Connie Kasari, Daniel F McCaffrey, Inbal Nahum-Shani
Hedges (2018) encourages us to consider asking new scientific questions concerning the optimization of adaptive interventions in education. In this commentary, we have expanded on this (albeit briefly) by providing concrete examples of scientific questions and associated experimental designs to optimize adaptive interventions, and commenting on some of the ways such designs might challenge us to think differently. A great deal of methodological work remains to be done. For example, we have only begun to consider experimental design and analysis methods for developing "cluster-level adaptive interventions" (NeCamp, Kilbourne, & Almirall, 2017), or to extend methods for comparing the marginal mean trajectories between the adaptive interventions embedded in a SMART (Lu et al...
2018: Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness
Ana Molina, Nieves Abril, Noelia Morales-Prieto, José Monterde, Nahúm Ayala, Antonio Lora, Rosario Moyano
Thousands of safety-related studies have been published on bisphenol A (BPA), an ubiquitous environmental pollutant with estrogenic activity and many other potential biological effects. In recent years, BPA exposure has been shown to cause anovulation and infertility through irreversible alteration of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in several organisms, including fish and mammals. Recently, the European Chemical Agency classified BPA as a "substance of very high concern" because of its endocrine-disrupting properties, which have serious effects on human health...
March 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Nahum Méndez-Sánchez, Norberto C Chavez-Tapia, Paloma Almeda-Valdes, Misael Uribe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Neta Blau, Eyal Klang, Nahum Kiryati, Marianne Amitai, Orith Portnoy, Arnaldo Mayer
PURPOSE: Simple renal cysts are a common benign finding in abdominal CT scans. However, since they may evolve in time, simple cysts need to be reported. With an ever-growing number of slices per CT scan, cysts are easily overlooked by the overloaded radiologist. In this paper, we address the detection of simple renal cysts as an incidental finding in a real clinical setting. METHODS: We propose a fully automatic framework for renal cyst detection, supported by a robust segmentation of the kidneys performed by a fully convolutional neural network...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Mashfiqui Rabbi, Meredith Philyaw-Kotov, Jinseok Lee, Anthony Mansour, Laura Dent, Xiaolei Wang, Rebecca Cunningham, Erin Bonar, Inbal Nahum-Shani, Predrag Klasnja, Maureen Walton, Susan Murphy
Despite the recent progress in sensor technologies, many relevant health data can be only captured with manual input (e.g., food intake, stress appraisal, subjective emotion, substance use). A common problem of manual logging is that users often disengage within a short time because of high burden. In this work, we propose SARA, a novel app to engage users with ongoing tracking using timely rewards thereby reinforcing users for data input. SARA is developed for adolescents and emerging adults at risk for substance abuse...
September 2017: Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing
Marco Solbiati, Katia M Passera, S Nahum Goldberg, Alessandro Rotilio, Tiziana Ierace, Vittorio Pedicini, Dario Poretti, Luigi Solbiati
AIM: To evaluate a novel contrast-enhanced cone-beam computed tomography (CE-CBCT) registration method for accurate immediate assessment of ablation outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) was registered with CE-CBCT by applying semiautomatic landmark registration followed by automatic affine and non-rigid registration to correct for respiratory phase differences and liver deformation. This scheme was retrospectively applied to 30 patients who underwent 38 percutaneous microwave liver ablations...
February 28, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Luz A López-Ramírez, Nahúm V Hernández, Nancy E Lozoya-Pérez, Leila M Lopes-Bezerra, Héctor M Mora-Montes
Sporothrix schenckii is one of the causative agents of the deep-seated mycosis sporotrichosis, a fungal infection with worldwide distribution. Fungus-specific molecules and biosynthetic pathways are potential targets for the development of new antifungal drugs. The MNT1/KRE2 gene family is a group of genes that encode fungus-specific Golgi-resident mannosyltransferases that participate in the synthesis of O-linked and N-linked glycans. While this family is composed of five and nine members in Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, respectively, the S...
February 21, 2018: Research in Microbiology
Paulina Chinchilla-López, Oscar Ramírez-Pérez, Vania Cruz-Ramón, Samuel Canizales-Quinteros, Aarón Domínguez-López, Guadalupe Ponciano-Rodríguez, Fausto Sánchez-Muñoz, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: The gene for patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3) is associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) development. We previously found that Mexican indigenous population had the highest frequency reported of the PNPLA3 148M risk allele. Further, we observed a relationship between M148M genotype with elevated ALT levels in individuals with normal weight, overweight and obese. We sought to investigate whether PNPLA3 polymorphism is associated with NAFLD development in Mexicans...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Hepatology
Santiago Ramon Y Cajal, Josep Castellvi, Stefan Hümmer, Vicente Peg, Jerry Pelletier, Nahum Sonenberg
One of the daunting challenges facing modern medicine lies in the understanding and treatment of tumor heterogeneity. Most tumors show intra-tumor heterogeneity at both genomic and proteomic levels, with marked impacts on the responses of therapeutic targets. Therapeutic target-related gene expression pathways are affected by hypoxia and cellular stress. However, the finding that targets such as eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4E (and its phosphorylated form, p-eIF4E) are generally homogenously expressed throughout tumors, regardless of the presence of hypoxia or other cellular stress conditions, opens the exciting possibility that malignancies could be treated with therapies that combine targeting of eIF4E phosphorylation with immune checkpoint inhibitors or chemotherapy...
February 21, 2018: Oncogene
Nathaniel Robichaud, Brian E Hsu, Roman Istomine, Fernando Alvarez, Julianna Blagih, Eric H Ma, Sebastian V Morales, David L Dai, Glenn Li, Margarita Souleimanova, Qianyu Guo, Sonia V Del Rincon, Wilson H Miller, Santiago Ramón Y Cajal, Morag Park, Russell G Jones, Ciriaco A Piccirillo, Peter M Siegel, Nahum Sonenberg
The translation of mRNAs into proteins serves as a critical regulatory event in gene expression. In the context of cancer, deregulated translation is a hallmark of transformation, promoting the proliferation, survival, and metastatic capabilities of cancer cells. The best-studied factor involved in the translational control of cancer is the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E). We and others have shown that eIF4E availability and phosphorylation promote metastasis in mouse models of breast cancer by selectively augmenting the translation of mRNAs involved in invasion and metastasis...
February 20, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Huiyuan Zhang, Haiyan S Li, Emily J Hillmer, Yang Zhao, Taylor T Chrisikos, Hongbo Hu, Xiao Wu, Erika J Thompson, Karen Clise-Dwyer, Karen A Millerchip, Yue Wei, Nahum Puebla-Osorio, Saakshi Kaushik, Margarida A Santos, Bin Wang, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Jing Wang, Shao-Cong Sun, Stephanie S Watowich
Blood cell formation must be appropriately maintained throughout life to provide robust immune function, hemostasis, and oxygen delivery to tissues, and to prevent disorders that result from over- or underproduction of critical lineages. Persistent inflammation deregulates hematopoiesis by damaging hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs), leading to elevated myeloid cell output and eventual bone marrow failure. Nonetheless, antiinflammatory mechanisms that protect the hematopoietic system are understudied...
February 20, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Paulina Chinchilla-López, Vania Cruz-Ramón, Oscar Ramírez-Pérez, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
Nowadays acute gastroenteritis infection caused by Escherichia coli ( E. coli ) O157:H7 is frequently associated with hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), which usually developed after prodromal diarrhea that is often bloody. The abdominal pain accompanied by failure kidney is a suspicious symptom to develop this disorder. Their pathological characteristic is vascular damage which manifested as arteriolar and capillary thrombosis with abnormalities in the endothelium and vessel walls. The major etiological agent of HUS is enterohemorragic ( E coli ) strain belonging to serotype O157:H7...
February 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Mei Ding, Theodorus H van der Kwast, Ravi N Vellanki, Warren D Foltz, Trevor D McKee, Nahum Sonenberg, Pier Paolo Pandolfi, Marianne Koritzinsky, Bradly G Wouters
The mTOR signaling pathway is a central regulator of protein synthesis and cellular metabolism in response to the availability of energy, nutrients, oxygen, and growth factors. mTOR activation leads to phosphorylation of multiple downstream targets including the eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) binding proteins-1 and -2 (EIF4EBP1/4E-BP1 and EIF4EBP2/4E-BP2). These binding proteins inhibit protein synthesis, but are inactivated by mTOR to stimulate cell growth and metabolism. However, the role of these proteins in the context of aberrant activation of mTOR, which occurs frequently in cancers through loss of PTEN or mutational activation of the PI3K/AKT pathway, is unclear...
February 16, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Amihai Rottenstreich, Uriel Elchalal, Geffen Kleinstern, Nahum Beglaibter, Abed Khalaileh, Ram Elazary
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with maternal and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study of deliveries that occurred from 2006 to 2016 at two university hospitals. The study group comprised all women who had undergone laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and who delivered during the study period. If a woman had more than one pregnancy during the study period, data from only her first pregnancy were used...
February 5, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Seyed Mehdi Jafarnejad, Clément Chapat, Edna Matta-Camacho, Idit Anna Gelbart, Geoffrey G Hesketh, Meztli Arguello, Aitor Garzia, Sung-Hoon Kim, Jan Attig, Maayan Shapiro, Masahiro Morita, Arkady Khoutorsky, Tommy Alain, Christos Gkogkas, Noam Stern-Ginossar, Thomas Tuschl, Anne-Claude Gingras, Thomas F Duchaine, Nahum Sonenberg
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) exert a broad influence over gene expression by directing effector activities that impinge on translation and stability of mRNAs. We recently discovered that the cap-binding protein 4EHP is a key component of the mammalian miRNA-Induced Silencing Complex (miRISC), which mediates gene silencing. However, little is known about the mRNA repertoire that is controlled by the 4EHP/miRNA mechanism or its biological importance. Here, using ribosome profiling, we identify a subset of mRNAs that are translationally controlled by 4EHP...
February 7, 2018: ELife
Itay Berger, Merav Gil Margolis, Elhanan Nahum, Ovdi Dagan, Itzhak Levy, Eytan Kaplan, Eran Shostak, Esther Shmuelov, Ofer Schiller, Gili Kadmon
OBJECTIVES: Arterial catheters may serve as an additional source for blood cultures in children when peripheral venipuncture is challenging. The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of cultures obtained through indwelling arterial catheters for the diagnosis of bloodstream infections in critically ill pediatric patients. DESIGN: Observational and comparative. SETTING: General and cardiac ICUs of a tertiary, university-affiliated pediatric medical center...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Jacqueline Beltz, Silvana Madi, Yoav Nahum, Paolo Santorum, Massimo Busin
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of a technical modification to reduce the incidence of traumatic cataract induced by Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) performed in phakic eyes. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study. The records of all patients with a clear crystalline lens and endothelial failure that underwent modified DSAEK at our insitution were reviewed. In this modification, in order to avoid inadvertent touch of the insertion forceps against the exposed crystalline lens while passing across the anterior chamber, the incision sites were shifted from the standard 9 and 3 o'clock positions, superiorly to the 10 and 2 o'clock position respectively...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Blake Wagner, Elaine Liu, Steven D Shaw, Gleb Iakovlev, Linlu Zhou, Christina Harrington, Gregory Abowd, Carolyn Yoon, Santosh Kumar, Susan Murphy, Bonnie Spring, Inbal Nahum-Shani
The advancement of digital technologies particularly in the domain of mobile health (mHealth) holds great promise in the promotion of health behavior. However, keeping users engaged remains a central challenge. This paper proposes a novel approach to address this issue by supplementing existing and future mHealth applications with an engagement wrapper - a collection of engagement strategies integrated into a single, coherent model. The engagement wrapper is operationalized within the format of an ambient display on the lock screen of mobile devices...
September 2017: Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing
Vania Cruz-Ramón, Paulina Chinchilla-López, Oscar Ramírez-Pérez, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"