keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nahum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336271/helminth-secretomes-reflect-different-lifestyles-and-parasitized-hosts
#1
Yesid Cuesta-Astroz, Francislon Silva de Oliveira, Laila Alves Nahum, Guilherme Oliveira
Helminths cause a number of medical and agricultural problems and are a major cause of parasitic infections in humans, animals and plants. Comparative analysis of helminth genes and genomes are important to understand the genomic biodiversity and evolution of parasites and their hosts in terms of different selective pressures in their habitats. The interactions between the infective organisms and their hosts are mediated in large part by secreted proteins, known collectively as the "secretome". Proteins secreted by parasites are able to modify a host's environment and modulate their immune system...
March 20, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336058/large-9-mm-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty-with-clearance-of-a-6-mm-optical-zone-optimizes-outcomes-of-keratoconus-surgery
#2
Massimo Busin, Pia Leon, Yoav Nahum, Vincenzo Scorcia
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of a 9-mm deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) with removal of the deep stroma limited to the central 6-mm optical zone. DESIGN: Prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 80 consecutive keratoconic eyes without deep stromal scarring, with at least 1 postoperative examination 1 month after complete suture removal. INTERVENTION: A standardized DALK was performed, including (1) deep trephination of the recipient bed 450 to 550 μm in depth and 9 mm in diameter; (2) pneumatic dissection; (3) debulking of approximately 80% of the anterior stroma; (4) removal of the deep stroma (bubble roof) from a central 6-mm optical zone; and (5) transplantation of a 9-mm anterior corneal lamella cut by microkeratome-assisted dissection (400-μm head) and sutured with a double running 10-0 nylon suture...
March 20, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334758/n1-methyl-pseudouridine-in-mrna-enhances-translation-through-eif2%C3%AE-dependent-and-independent-mechanisms-by-increasing-ribosome-density
#3
Yuri V Svitkin, Yi Min Cheng, Tirtha Chakraborty, Vladimir Presnyak, Matthias John, Nahum Sonenberg
Certain chemical modifications confer increased stability and low immunogenicity to in vitro transcribed mRNAs, thereby facilitating expression of therapeutically important proteins. Here, we demonstrate that N1-methyl-pseudouridine (N1mΨ) outperforms several other nucleoside modifications and their combinations in terms of translation capacity. Through extensive analysis of various modified transcripts in cell-free translation systems, we deconvolute the different components of the effect on protein expression independent of mRNA stability mechanisms...
February 23, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329325/comparison-of-radial-and-bilateral-internal-thoracic-artery-grafting-in-patients-with-peripheral-vascular-disease%C3%A2
#4
Dmitry Pevni, Yanai Ben-Gal, Rephael Mohr, Nadav Teich, Zvi Raviv, Amir Kramer, Yosef Paz, Benjamin Medalion, Nahum Nesher
OBJECTIVES: The composite T-graft with radial artery (RA) attached end-to-side to the left internal thoracic artery (ITA) provides arterial myocardial revascularization without the increased risk of deep sternal wound infection associated with harvesting 2 ITAs. However, many surgeons are reluctant to use RA in patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD) due to concerns regarding the quality of the conduit in this subset of patients. The purpose of this study is to compare early- and long-term outcomes of arterial grafting with bilateral ITAs (BITA) to that of single ITA and RA in patients with PVD...
March 2, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299599/incidence-of-typically-severe-primary-immunodeficiency-diseases-in-consanguineous-and-non-consanguineous-populations
#5
Arnon Broides, Amit Nahum, Amarilla B Mandola, Lihi Rozner, Vered Pinsk, Galina Ling, Baruch Yerushalmi, Jacov Levy, Noga Givon-Lavi
PURPOSE: Primary immunodeficiency diseases are considered to be rare diseases; however, data on the exact birth incidences of these diseases are sparse. Southern Israel is inhabited by two major populations: a relatively non-consanguineous Jewish population and a highly consanguineous Muslim Bedouin population. We sought to calculate the incidences of typically severe primary immunodeficiency diseases and compare the incidences in these populations. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all typically severe primary immunodeficiency diseases evaluated at a single center from January 1, 1996 to December 31, 2016...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274111/in-memoriam-prof-juan-rod%C3%A3-s-teixidor
#6
Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245094/synthesis-antimalarial-activity-in-vitro-and-docking-studies-of-novel-neolignan-derivatives
#7
Glaécia A N Pereira, Gisele C Souza, Lourivaldo S Santos, Lauro E S Barata, Carla C F Meneses, Antoniana U Krettli, Cláudio Tadeu Daniel-Ribeiro, Cláudio Nahum Alves
The absence of effective vaccines against malaria and the difficulties associated with controlling mosquito vectors has left chemotherapy as the primary control measure against malaria. However, the emergence and spread of parasite resistance to conventional antimalarial drugs result in a worrisome scenario making the search for new drugs a priority. In the present study, the activities of nine neolignan derivatives were evaluated as follows: (i) against blood forms of chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum (clone W2), using the tritiated hypoxanthine incorporation and Anti-HRPII assays; (ii) for cytotoxic activity against cultured human hepatoma cells (HepG2); and, (iii) for intermolecular interaction with the P...
February 28, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243071/the-effect-of-composition-and-thermodynamics-on-the-surface-morphology-of-durable-superhydrophobic-polymer-coatings
#8
Tehila Nahum, Hanna Dodiuk, Samuel Kenig, Artee Panwar, Carol Barry, Joey Mead
Durable superhydrophobic coatings were synthesized using a system of silica nanoparticles (NPs) to provide nanoscale roughness, fluorosilane to give hydrophobic chemistry, and three different polymer binders: urethane acrylate, ethyl 2-cyanoacrylate, and epoxy. Coatings composed of different binders incorporating NPs in various concentrations exhibited different superhydrophobic attributes when applied on polycarbonate (PC) and glass substrates and as a function of coating composition. It was found that the substrate surface characteristics and wettability affected the superhydrophobic characteristics of the coatings...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228107/effectiveness-of-its-and-sub-regions-as-dna-barcode-markers-for-the-identification-of-basidiomycota-fungi
#9
Fernanda Badotti, Francislon Silva de Oliveira, Cleverson Fernando Garcia, Aline Bruna Martins Vaz, Paula Luize Camargos Fonseca, Laila Alves Nahum, Guilherme Oliveira, Aristóteles Góes-Neto
BACKGROUND: Fungi are among the most abundant and diverse organisms on Earth. However, a substantial amount of the species diversity, relationships, habitats, and life strategies of these microorganisms remain to be discovered and characterized. One important factor hindering progress is the difficulty in correctly identifying fungi. Morphological and molecular characteristics have been applied in such tasks. Later, DNA barcoding has emerged as a new method for the rapid and reliable identification of species...
February 23, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215670/therapeutic-efficacy-of-combined-pegylated-liposomal-doxorubicin-and-radiofrequency-ablation-comparing-single-and-combined-therapy-in-young-and-old-mice
#10
Alexander V Andriyanov, Emma Portnoy, Erez Koren, Sara Eyal, S Nahum Goldberg, Yechezkel Barenholz
Antitumor therapy in the elderly is particularly challenging due to multiple, often chronic diseases, poly-therapy, and age-related physiological changes that affect drug efficacy and safety. Furthermore, tumors may become more aggressive and drug-resistant with advanced age, leading to poor patient prognosis. In this study, we evaluated in mice bearing medulloblastoma xenografts the effect of age on tumor progression and tumor therapy. We focused on therapeutic efficacy of two treatment modalities alone radiofrequency ablation therapy (RFA), PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) equivalent to Doxil, and their combination...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204614/a-continuum-of-mrnp-complexes-in-embryonic-microrna-mediated-silencing
#11
Edlyn Wu, Ajay A Vashisht, Clément Chapat, Mathieu N Flamand, Emiliano Cohen, Mihail Sarov, Yuval Tabach, Nahum Sonenberg, James Wohlschlegel, Thomas F Duchaine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157211/platelet-activating-factor-induced-expression-of-p21-is-correlated-with-histone-acetylation
#12
Elisabetta Damiani, Nahum Puebla-Osorio, Bree M Lege, Jingwei Liu, Sattva S Neelapu, Stephen E Ullrich
Ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated keratinocytes secrete the lipid mediator of inflammation, platelet-activating factor (PAF). PAF plays an essential role in UV-induced immune suppression and skin cancer induction. Dermal mast cell migration from the skin to the draining lymph nodes plays a prominent role in activating systemic immune suppression. UV-induced PAF activates mast cell migration by up-regulating mast cell CXCR4 surface expression. Recent findings indicate that PAF up-regulates CXCR4 expression via histone acetylation...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135239/hypothalamic-crfr1-is-essential-for-hpa-axis-regulation-following-chronic-stress
#13
Assaf Ramot, Zhiying Jiang, Jin-Bin Tian, Tali Nahum, Yael Kuperman, Nicholas Justice, Alon Chen
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is a pivotal component of an organism's response to stressful challenges, and dysfunction of this neuroendocrine axis is associated with a variety of physiological and psychological pathologies. We found that corticotropin-releasing factor type 1 receptor within the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus is an important central component of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis regulation that prepares the organism for successive exposure to stressful stimuli.
March 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130055/optimal-dose-and-fraction-number-in-sbrt-of-lung-tumours-a-radiobiological-analysis
#14
Ruggero Ruggieri, Pavel Stavrev, Stefania Naccarato, Nadejda Stavreva, Filippo Alongi, Alan E Nahum
The efficacy of Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer for severely hypofractionated schedules is clinically proven. Tumour control probability (TCP) modelling might further optimize prescription dose and number of treatment fractions (n). To this end, we will discuss the following controversial questions. Which is the most plausible cell-survival model at doses per fraction (d) as high as 20Gy? Do clinical data support a dose-response relationship with saturation over some threshold-dose? Given the reduced re-oxygenation for severe hypofractionation, is the inclusion of tumour hypoxia in TCP modelling relevant? Can iso-effective schedules be derived by assuming a homogeneous tumour-cell population with α/β≈10Gy, or should distinct cell subpopulations, with different α/β values, be taken into account? Is there scope for patient-specific individualization of n? Despite the difficulty of providing definite answers to the above questions, reasonable suggestions for lung SBRT can be derived from the literature...
January 24, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129295/asymptomatic-infection-in-decompensated-full-thickness-corneal-grafts-referred-for-repeat-penetrating-keratoplasty
#15
Yoav Nahum, Pia Leon, Benedetta Azzurra Ricci-Filipovic, Davide Camposampiero, Diego Ponzin, Massimo Busin
PURPOSE: We report a case series of asymptomatic infections affecting failed corneal grafts in patients referred for repeat penetrating keratoplasty (PK). METHODS: In this retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series, we reviewed the medical records of all repeat PK procedures performed at Villa Serena-Villa Igea private Hospitals (Forlì, Italy) between January 2011 and March 2016. Specifically, preoperative and postoperative slit-lamp examinations, and the results of histological and bacteriological examinations, were noted...
January 26, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109568/one-or-two-internal-thoracic-grafts-long-term-follow-up-of-957-off-pump-coronary-bypass-surgeries
#16
Dmitry Pevni, Yanai Ben-Gal, Rephael Mohr, Amir Ganiel, Yosef Paz, Amir Kramer, Nahum Nesher
BACKGROUND: The potential survival benefit of bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCABG) is controversial owing to the technical complexity of these operations. Our objective was to compare the outcome of patients undergoing OPCABG with BITA to the outcome of patients undergoing OPCABG with a single internal thoracic artery (SITA) and saphenous vein grafts or radial artery. METHODS: Five hundred and thirty-five consecutive patients who underwent OPCABG BITA at our institute between 2000 and 2008 were compared with 422 patients who underwent OPCABG with SITA...
January 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079683/factors-associated-with-graft-detachment-after-primary-descemet-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty
#17
Yoav Nahum, Pia Leon, Michael Mimouni, Massimo Busin
PURPOSE: To identify risk factors associated with postoperative graft detachment after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). METHODS: In this retrospective institutional cohort study, the study group included all consecutive eyes that underwent primary DSAEK between January 2005 and October 2015 at Villa Serena-Villa Igea private hospitals (Forlì, Italy) and developed postoperative graft detachment (n = 45). The control group included all eyes that underwent primary DSAEK during the same period and did not develop graft detachment (n = 1167)...
March 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070732/the-clinical-and-laboratory-spectrum-of-dedicator-of-cytokinesis-8-immunodeficiency-syndrome-in-patients-with-a-unique-mutation
#18
Arnon Broides, Amarilla B Mandola, Jacov Levy, Baruch Yerushalmi, Vered Pinsk, Michal Eldan, George Shubinsky, Nurit Hadad, Rachel Levy, Amit Nahum, Miriam Ben-Harosh, Atar Lev, Amos Simon, Raz Somech
Mutations in the dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) gene cause a combined immunodeficiency usually diagnosed as autosomal recessive hyper IgE syndrome. We sought to reveal the varying manifestations in patients with a unique mutation in DOCK8 gene by a retrospective medical record review. Ten patients from five consanguineous families and three tribes were included. Seven patients were homozygous for the c.C5134A, p.S1711X mutation, and the remaining three patients were their siblings manifesting hyper IgE syndrome features without a genetic diagnosis...
January 10, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058409/finding-significant-stress-episodes-in-a-discontinuous-time-series-of-rapidly-varying-mobile-sensor-data
#19
Hillol Sarker, Matthew Tyburski, Md Mahbubur Rahman, Karen Hovsepian, Moushumi Sharmin, David H Epstein, Kenzie L Preston, C Debra Furr-Holden, Adam Milam, Inbal Nahum-Shani, Mustafa al'Absi, Santosh Kumar
Management of daily stress can be greatly improved by delivering sensor-triggered just-in-time interventions (JITIs) on mobile devices. The success of such JITIs critically depends on being able to mine the time series of noisy sensor data to find the most opportune moments. In this paper, we propose a time series pattern mining method to detect significant stress episodes in a time series of discontinuous and rapidly varying stress data. We apply our model to 4 weeks of physiological, GPS, and activity data collected from 38 users in their natural environment to discover patterns of stress in real-life...
May 2016: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051792/management-strategies-for-liver-fibrosis
#20
REVIEW
Alejandra Altamirano-Barrera, Beatriz Barranco-Fragoso, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
Liver fibrosis resulting from chronic liver injury are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Among causes of hepatic fibrosis, viral infection is most common (hepatitis B and C). In addition, obesity rates worldwide have accelerated the risk of liver injury due to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Also liver fibrosis is associated with the consumption of alcohol, or autoimmune hepatitis and chronic cholangiophaties. The response of hepatocytes to inflammation plays a decisive role in the physiopathology of hepatic fibrosis, which involves the recruitment of both pro- and anti-inflammatory cells such as monocytes and macrophages...
January 2017: Annals of Hepatology
keyword
keyword
110214
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"