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Nocturnal polyuria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418465/nocturnal-polyuria-drug-approved
#1
Rebecca Voelker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295650/daily-salt-intake-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-pollakiuria-and-nocturia
#2
Tomohiro Matsuo, Yasuyoshi Miyata, Hideki Sakai
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the relationships between daily salt intake and lower urinary tract symptoms. METHODS: A cross-sectional clinical study was carried out with 728 patients. Spot urine samples were collected to evaluate estimated daily salt intake. The patients were divided into two groups based on mean salt intake (9.2 g/day). Their urinary condition was evaluated using the Core Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms score and 3-day frequency volume charts. The influence of salt intake on lower urinary tract symptoms was investigated using multivariate logistic regression analysis...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279978/desmopressin-for-nocturia-in-adults
#3
(no author information available yet)
Desmopressin has been used for many years in the treatment of diabetes insipidus, nocturnal enuresis (involuntary urination while asleep) and nocturia associated with multiple sclerosis (in adults aged up to 65 years); it has also been recommended in certain circumstances for the treatment of nocturia in men and women (previously, an unlicensed use).(1,2) Recently, a new brand of desmopressin sublingual tablet (lyophilisate-an orally disintegrating tablet; Noqdirna-Ferring) has been licensed for use in adults of any age for the treatment of nocturia due to idiopathic nocturnal polyuria...
March 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208214/pathogenesis-of-enuresis-towards-a-new-understanding
#4
REVIEW
Tryggve Nevéus
Enuresis was historically viewed as a primarily psychiatric disorder, but this understanding has changed dramatically since the end of the last century, when it became clear that somatic factors, such as nocturnal polyuria as a result of vasopressin deficiency, nocturnal detrusor overactivity and high arousal thresholds, all play a crucial role in enuresis pathogenesis. It has also become clear that enuresis is inherited in the majority of cases, although the correlation between genotype and enuretic phenotype is not straightforward...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165541/obstructive-sleep-disordered-breathing-enuresis-and-combined-disorders-in-children-chance-or-related-association
#5
Marco Zaffanello, Giorgio Piacentini, Giuseppe Lippi, Vassilios Fanos, Emma Gasperi, Luana Nosetti
Nocturnal enuresis is usually diagnosed and treated by a primary paediatrician or family practitioner; if there is any doubt, the children may be referred to a paediatric urologist. Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing is a complex, multifactorial disorder. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy is considered an important factor associated with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. Enuresis and obstructive sleep-disordered breathing are both frequent problems of sleep in childhood. We conducted an electronic search in Medline, Scopus and the ISI Web of Science to look for published material and identify a putative link between nocturnal enuresis and obstructive sleep-disordered breathing...
February 6, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104161/does-the-age-of-donor-kidneys-affect-nocturnal-polyuria-in-patients-with-successful-real-transplantation
#6
T Mitsui, K Morita, D Iwami, T Kitta, Y Kanno, K Moriya, M Takeda, N Shinohara
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the age of donor kidneys influences the incidence of nocturnal polyuria in patients with successful renal transplantation (RTX). METHODS: Eighty-five patients (45 men and 40 women) undergoing RTX (median age, 47 years) were included in this study. Twenty-four-hour bladder diaries were kept for 3 days, and nocturnal polyuria was defined as a nocturnal polyuria index (nocturnal urine volume/24-hour urine volume) of >0.33. Risk factors for nocturnal polyuria were analyzed in patients with RTX by means of the Mann-Whitney U test, χ(2) test, and a logistic regression analysis...
January 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043108/the-prevalence-of-nocturia-and-nocturnal-polyuria-can-new-cutoff-values-be-suggested-according-to-age-and-sex
#7
Ali Ersin Zumrutbas, Ali Ihsan Bozkurt, Okan Alkis, Cihan Toktas, Bulent Cetinel, Zafer Aybek
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of nocturia and nocturnal polyuria (NP) and to define new cutoff values according to age and sex for both conditions. METHODS: Data from a population-based prevalence survey conducted among a random sample of 2,128 adults were analyzed in this study. Participants were requested to fill out a questionnaire including the International Continence Society (ICS) definitions of lower urinary tract symptoms and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form...
December 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805334/nocturia-symptom-or-a-disease
#8
REVIEW
Vyas Narayana Rao, Ganesh Gopalakrishnan, Ajit Saxena, Hemant Pathak, Divakar Dalela, Shailesh Shah, Mallikarjuna Reddy, Prasanna Kumar Mishra, Harshad Malve
Waking at night to void is known as nocturia and it is a common condition experienced by both men and women with profound impact on patient's health, quality of life, and economic condition. It is often perceived as a symptom of an organic disease, but the pathophysiology of nocturia is now well-understood, and it is considered as a disease itself. It is classified based on four different pathophysiologic mechanisms (24-hour polyuria, nocturnal polyuria, reduced bladder capacity, and sleep disorders). The association of nocturia with impaired quality of life, cardiovascular morbidity and all-cause mortality is well established...
November 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787700/combination-treatment-of-nocturnal-enuresis-with-desmopressin-and-indomethacin
#9
Konstantinos Kamperis, Soren Hagstroem, Mia Faerch, Birgitte Mahler, Soren Rittig, Jens C Djurhuus
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of combining indomethacin and desmopressin in treating children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) and desmopressin-resistant nocturnal polyuria. METHODS: Twenty-three children with MNE, nocturnal polyuria, and partial or no response to desmopressin were recruited from incontinence clinics of our tertiary referral center. We used a randomized single-arm crossover placebo-controlled study design consisting of two 3-week treatment periods with a combination of desmopressin (0...
April 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706125/the-impact-of-nocturnal-polyuria-in-older-people-with-nocturnal-luts
#10
Ana L Lopes Mendes, Veerle Decalf, Marie A Denys, Andrea Tubaro, Karel Everaert
BACKGROUND: Bladder dysfunctions often express the presence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and are common in older people. Aim of this study is to analyse the Micturition, Incontinence and Residual in older people, evaluating the role of Nocturnal Polyuria. METHODS: 86 patients with at least 65 years old and invalidating LUTS were hospitalized for 24 hours. The Maximum Bladder Capacity, mean Micturition Volume, Post Voiding Residual and Incontinence Volume were recorded and analysed day-time and night-time...
October 5, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679448/treatment-options-for-urogenital-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease
#11
REVIEW
Amit Batla, Natalie Tayim, Mahreen Pakzad, Jalesh N Panicker
Urogenital dysfunction is commonly reported in Parkinson's disease (PD), and history taking and a bladder diary form the cornerstone of evaluation. The assessment of lower urinary tract (LUT) symptoms include urinalysis, ultrasonography, and urodynamic studies and help to evaluate concomitant urological pathologies such as benign prostate enlargement. Antimuscarinic medications are the first line treatment for overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms and solifenacin has been specifically studied in PD. Antimuscarininc drugs may exacerbate PD-related constipation and xerostomia, and caution is advised when using these medications in individuals where cognitive impairment is suspected...
October 2016: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678299/nocturnal-polyuria-in-older-women-with-urge-urinary-incontinence-role-of-sleep-quality-time-in-bed-and-medications-used
#12
Shachi Tyagi, Subashan Perera, Becky D Clarkson, Stasa D Tadic, Neil M Resnick
PURPOSE: Nocturia is common and bothersome in older adults, especially those who are also incontinent. Since nocturnal polyuria is a major contributor, we examined factors associated with nocturnal polyuria in this population to identify those possibly amenable to intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from 2 previously completed studies of urge urinary incontinence. The studies involved 284 women (mean age ± SD 72.9 ± 7.9 years) who also completed 3-day voiding diaries...
March 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666018/effect-of-naftopidil-on-brain-noradrenaline-induced-decrease-in-arginine-vasopressin-secretion-in-rats
#13
Masaki Yamamoto, Takahiro Shimizu, Shogo Shimizu, Youichirou Higashi, Kumiko Nakamura, Mikiya Fujieda, Motoaki Saito
Naftopidil, an α1-adrenoceptor antagonist, has been shown to inhibit nocturnal polyuria in patients with lower urinary tract symptom. However, it remains unclear how naftopidil decreases nocturnal urine production. Here, we investigated the effects of naftopidil on arginine-vasopressin (AVP) plasma level and urine production and osmolality in rats centrally administered with noradrenaline (NA). NA (3 or 30 μg/kg) was administered into the left ventricle (i.c.v.) of male Wistar rats 3 h after naftopidil pretreatment (10 or 30 mg/kg, i...
September 2016: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622611/efficacy-and-safety-of-desmopressin-add-on-therapy-for-men-with-persistent-nocturia-on-%C3%AE-blocker-monotherapy-for-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#14
Joon Chul Kim, Kang Jun Cho, Jeong Gu Lee, Ju Tae Seo, Duk Yoon Kim, Seung-June Oh, Kyu-Sung Lee, Myung-Soo Choo, Jeong Zoo Lee
PURPOSE: We investigated the efficacy and safety of desmopressin add-on therapy for men with persistent nocturia on α-blocker for lower urinary tract symptoms in this placebo controlled study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included men 40 to 65 years old with lower urinary tract symptoms and persistent nocturia despite α-blocker therapy for at least 8 weeks. Patients were randomized to once daily placebo or desmopressin 0.2 mg for 8 weeks. The primary end point was to assess changes in the mean number of nocturia episodes from baseline to the final assessment...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596509/-nocturia
#15
Ádám Miklós Fehér, Zoltán Bajory
Nocturia is a significantly underestimated disorder, resulting in general worsening of patients' quality of life, while morbidity and mortality are increasing. Several urologic and other pathologic causes can be described in the background including relatively severe conditions. Therefore, accurate evaluation and adequate treatment is recommended. In this review the authors summarize the international literature regarding nocturia. PubMed and ScienceDirect databases were accurately reviewed for the relevant information...
September 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565397/nocturnal-polyuria-and-hypertension-in-patients-with-lifestyle-related-diseases-and-overactive-bladder
#16
Osamu Yokoyama, Osamu Nishizawa, Yukio Homma, Masayuki Takeda, Momokazu Gotoh, Hidehiro Kakizaki, Hironobu Akino, Koichi Hayashi, Koji Yonemoto
PURPOSE: The objective of this multicenter cross-sectional study was to investigate the relationship of nocturnal polyuria in patients with common lifestyle related diseases and overactive bladder, with special attention to hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After baseline assessment, patients recorded 24-hour urinary frequency/volume, blood pressure and heart rate for 3 days. They were stratified into 4 groups based on mean blood pressure, including no hypertension, and controllable, untreated and uncontrolled hypertension, respectively...
February 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506697/circadian-rhythms-in-water-and-solute-handling-in-adults-with-a-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Marie-Astrid Denys, Annick Viaene, An-Sofie Goessaert, Friedl Van Haverbeke, Piet Hoebeke, Ann Raes, Karel Everaert
PURPOSE: We evaluated nocturnal urine production and circadian rhythms of renal function (glomerular filtration, and water and solute diuresis) in adults with spinal cord injury compared to controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was done at Ghent University Hospital, Belgium. Participants were asked to perform a 24-hour urine collection. A blood sample was taken to calculate the diuresis rate and the renal clearance of creatinine, free water, solutes, sodium and urea...
August 6, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458562/management-of-nocturnal-enuresis-myths-and-facts
#18
REVIEW
Rajiv Sinha, Sumantra Raut
Nocturnal enuresis often causes considerable distress or functional impairment to patient and their parents necessitating a multidisciplinary approach from paediatrician, paediatric nephrologist, urologists and psychiatrist. Mechanisms of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis are mainly nocturnal polyuria, bladder overactivity and failure to awaken from sleep in response to bladder sensations. Goal oriented and etiology wise treatment includes simple behavioral intervention, conditioning alarm regimen and pharmacotherapy with desmopressin, imipramine and anticholinergic drugs...
July 6, 2016: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348079/the-clock-mutant-mouse-is-a-novel-experimental-model-for-nocturia-and-nocturnal-polyuria
#19
Tatsuya Ihara, Takahiko Mitsui, Yuki Nakamura, Satoru Kira, Tatsuya Miyamoto, Hiroshi Nakagomi, Norifumi Sawada, Yuri Hirayama, Keisuke Shibata, Eiji Shigetomi, Yoichi Shinozaki, Mitsuharu Yoshiyama, Karl-Erik Andersson, Atsuhito Nakao, Masayuki Takeda, Schuichi Koizumi
AIMS: The pathophysiologies of nocturia (NOC) and nocturnal polyuria (NP) are multifactorial and their etiologies remain unclear in a large number of patients. Clock genes exist in most cells and organs, and the products of Clock regulate circadian rhythms as representative clock genes. Clock genes regulate lower urinary tract function, and a newly suggested concept is that abnormalities in clock genes cause lower urinary tract symptoms. In the present study, we investigated the voiding behavior of Clock mutant (Clock(Δ19/Δ19) ) mice in order to determine the effects of clock genes on NOC/NP...
June 27, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320115/-the-influence-of-change-in-body-water-distribution-caused-by-changing-position-upon-nocturia-in-older-men
#20
Keisuke Kiba, Akihide Hirayama, Motokiyo Yoshikawa, Yutaka Yamamoto, Kazumasa Torimoto, Kiyohide Fujimoto, Hirotsugu Uemura
A total of 29 men 60 years and older (mean age 74 years) who complained at least once about nocturnal voiding and were diagnosed with nocturnal polyuria in the frequency volume chart (FVC) were enrolled in this study. Body water was measured by bioelectric impedance analysis just after lying down at 4 pm and after raising legs 30 minutes later. Nocturnal urine production was measured by FVC, and urine production per unit of time at first nocturnal voiding (urine volume at first nocturnal voiding/hours of undisturbed sleep (HUS) : UFN/HUS), urine production per unit of time during sleep (total nocturnal urine volume/hours of sleep : TNV/HS), etc was evaluated...
May 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
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