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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107533/improvement-of-therapeutic-efficacy-of-oral-immunotherapy-in-combination-with-regulatory-t-cell-inducer-kakkonto-in-a-murine-food-allergy-model
#1
Yuka Nagata, Takeshi Yamamoto, Michie Hayashi, Shusaku Hayashi, Makoto Kadowaki
Oral immunotherapy (OIT) has been considered a promising approach for food allergies (FAs). However, the current OIT strategy is limited in terms of the long-term efficacy and safety. We have previously demonstrated that kakkonto, a traditional Japanese herbal medicine, suppresses the occurrence of allergic symptoms in a murine model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced FA, which is attributed to the induction of the Foxp3+ CD4+ regulatory T cells. In this study, we established an OIT model using the FA mice with already established allergic symptoms and determined whether kakkonto could improve the efficacy of OIT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106556/an-improved-drugs-screening-system-reveals-that-baicalein-ameliorates-the-a%C3%AE-ampa-nmda-induced-depolarization-of-neurons
#2
Tian-Syuan Lin, Han-Jung Tsai, Chih-Han Lee, Yan-Qing Song, Rih-Sheng Huang, Hsiu-Mei Hsieh-Li, Mei-Chih Liang, Yenshou Lin
The presence of amyloid-β (Aβ) plaque and tau protein hyperphosphorylation in brain tissue is the pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). At least some Aβ neurotoxicity is caused by the presence of excess glutamate that has been induced by Aβ accumulation. Memantine is currently the only NMDA receptor inhibitor approved for treating moderate-to-severe AD patients. We utilized primary cortical neurons and DiBAC4(3), a slow-response voltage sensitive fluorescence dye, to create a novel system for screening herbal medicines that allows the identification of pure compounds able to ameliorate Aβ-induced abnormal depolarization...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106336/quantitative-analysis-combined-with-chromatographic-fingerprint-and-antioxidant-activities-for-the-comprehensive-evaluation-of-compound-danshen-tablets
#3
Jiao Chen, Jiayue Gao, Guoxiang Sun
The composition of traditional Chinese medicine is extremely complex, so it is difficult to ensure quality consistency. We took Compound Danshen Tablets as the object of the study, by using high-performance liquid chromatography to establish multi-wavelength fusion fingerprints. Characteristic fingerprints of 30 batches of samples were generated at four wavelengths and evaluated by systematic quantified fingerprint method. An on-line antioxidant determination method was used for the determination of the antioxidant components in Compound Danshen Tablets...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105124/cardioprotective-effects-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-guanmaitong-on-acute-myocardial-infarction
#4
Xing-Hua Wang, Guang-Ping Li, Wan-Song Yang, Zhan-Quan Jiao, Hong-Mei Liu, Yan-Ping Ni
Guanmaitong (GMT) is a traditional Chinese herbal compound that has been used for the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) and other cardiovascular diseases. However, the efficacy of GMT in treating cardiovascular diseases remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective mechanisms and identify the targeted proteins and signaling networks associated with the physiological activity of GMT in a rat model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly allocated into five groups: Control group (sham-operated), the model group, and small, medium, and large dosage GMT groups...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103978/-cosmetological-thinking-and-methods-in-tcm-in-the-sui-tang-dynasty
#5
Y J Wu
In the heyday of Chinese feudal society, women's status in the society of the Sui-Tang period was improved in the Tang Dynasty.The demand for female to stay young and anti-aging had attracted lots of attention in the society, thus providing a favorable social environment for the formation and development of Chinese herbal cosmetology. The important representative medical works on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were published in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, such as Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold), Qian jin yi fang (Supplement to Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold), Wai tai mi yao (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) etc...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103860/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-patients-with-cancer-in-mongolia-a-national-hospital-survey
#6
Buyadaa Oyunchimeg, Jung Hye Hwang, Mansoor Ahmed, Soojeung Choi, Dongwoon Han
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is popular in former Soviet Central Asian countries including Mongolia. However, no studies are available on CAM use among patients with cancer in countries of this region. The aim of this research is to describe the prevalence and patterns of CAM use by patients with cancer in Mongolia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from 482 cancer patients attending the National Cancer Center in Mongolia from September 2015 to February 2016...
January 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103771/structure-based-study-of-natural-products-with-anti-schistosoma-activity
#7
Ibezim Akachukwu, Olujide Oludayo Olubiyi, Ata Kosisochukwu, Mbah Chika John, Nwodo Ngozi Justina
: Background Schistosomiasis is a parasitic protozoal disease caused by flatworms of the genus Schistosoma. Although the disease threatens millions of lives, it is still at the top list of neglected tropical diseases and praziquantel, the only common schistosocidal drug in use, has records of decreasing efficiency and cases of resistance. Also, reports revealed that people in the rural areas, who are most affected, rely mostly on traditional herbal medicines because of limited access to modern healthcare...
January 19, 2017: Current Computer-aided Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101351/pro-inflammatory-effect-of-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-formula-with-potent-anti-cancer-activity-in-vitro-impedes-tumor-inhibitory-potential-in-vivo
#8
Lei Xia, Maksym Plachynta, Tangjingjun Liu, Xiao Xiao, Jialei Song, Xiaogang Li, Mu Zhang, Yao Yao, Heng Luo, Xiaojiang Hao, Yaacov Ben-David
Medicinal formulas are a part of the complex discipline of traditional Chinese medicine that has been used for centuries in China and East Asia. These formulas predominantly consist of the extracts isolated from herbal plants, animal parts and medicinal minerals. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of 150 formulas, used as non-prescription drugs in China, on the treatment of cancer. A formula was identified, C54, commonly used to treat sore throats, which exhibited marked growth inhibition in vitro, associated with cell cycle arrest and apoptosis...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101346/a-case-study-of-bofutsushosan-induced-pulmonary-injury-in-a-patient-case-report
#9
Kunihiko Miyazaki, Hiroaki Satoh, Hiroko Watanabe, Toshihiro Shiozawa, Tomohiro Tamura, Mio Kawaguchi, Nobuyuki Hizawa
Bofutsushosan, a herbal (traditional Kampo) medicine, is administered to obese patients in North-East Asia. Bofutsushosan has been reported to exert various anti-obesity effects by stimulating the adipose tissue. The present study describes the case of a patient who developed a severe pulmonary injury that was potentially associated with bofutsushosan therapy. A 52-year-old woman was admitted to Mito Medical Center, University of Tsukuba, Mito Kyodo General Hospital (Mito, Japan) due to progressive dyspnea...
December 2016: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101178/endothelium-dependent-vasodilation-effects-of-panax-notoginseng-and-its-main-components-are-mediated-by-nitric-oxide-and-cyclooxygenase-pathways
#10
Yanyan Wang, Yu Ren, Leilei Xing, Xiangdong Dai, Sheng Liu, Bin Yu, Yi Wang
Panax notoginseng, a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has been used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. The main bioactive components of this species are Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS). The present study aimed to investigate the effects of PNS and five of its main components (ginsenosides Rg1, Re, Rb1 and Rd, and notoginsenoside R1) on rat aorta rings pre-contracted with norepinephrine (NE) and to determine the underlying mechanism of action. Isolated aorta rings (with or without intact endothelium) from adult male Wistar rats were stimulated with NE to induce vasoconstriction, and subsequently treated with different concentrations of PNS and its five main components (Rg1, Re, Rb1, R1 and Rd) separately...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101129/a-traditional-poly-herbal-medicine-le-pana-guliya-induces-apoptosis-in-hepg2-and-hela-cells-but-not-in-cc1-cells-an-in-vitro-assessment
#11
Nekadage Don Amal Wageesha, Preethi Soysa, Keerthi Atthanayake, Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary, Mahinda Ekanayake
"Le Pana Guliya" (LPG) is a polyherbal formulation which is used to treat different types of cancers in traditional medicine. In this study we describe in vitro efficacy and mechanism of action of LPG on two cancer cell lines (HepG2 and HeLa) compared with a normal cell line CC1. The MTT, LDH assays and protein synthesis were used to study antiproliferative activity of LPG while NO synthesis and GSH content were assayed to determine the oxidative stress exerted by LPG. Rhodamine 123 staining, caspase 3 activity, DNA fragmentation and microscopic examination of cells stained with ethidium bromide/acridine orange were used to identify the apoptosis mechanisms associated with LPG...
2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099940/characteristics-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-usage-in-ischemic-heart-disease-patients-among-type-2-diabetes-and-their-protection-against-hydrogen-peroxide-mediated-apoptosis-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblasts
#12
Fuu-Jen Tsai, Tsung-Jung Ho, Chi-Fung Cheng, Yi-Tzone Shiao, Wen-Kuei Chien, Jin-Hua Chen, Xiang Liu, Hsinyi Tsang, Ting-Hsu Lin, Chiu-Chu Liao, Shao-Mei Huang, Ju-Pi Li, Cheng-Wen Lin, Jaung-Geng Lin, Yu-Ching Lan, Yu-Huei Liu, Chien-Hui Hung, Jung-Chun Lin, Chih-Chien Lin, Chih-Ho Lai, Wen-Miin Liang, Ying-Ju Lin
Evidence for long-term use of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) as an adjuvant treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains limited. This study aimed to assess the frequency of use, utilization patterns, and therapeutic effects of adjuvant CHM for ischemic heart disease (IHD) in patients with T2D in Taiwan. We identified 4620 IHD patients with T2D. After matching for age, gender, and insulin use, 988 subjects each were allocated to a CHM group and a non-CHM group. There were no differences in baseline characteristics except for comorbidities...
January 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098863/effect-and-mechanism-of-resveratrol-on-drug-resistance-in-human-bladder-cancer-cells
#13
Shanshan Wang, Qian Meng, Qing Xie, Man Zhang
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a significant barrier to the effective treatment of bladder cancer. In order to improve the management of bladder cancer, it is crucial to identify strategies that may reverse MDR. The effects of three herbal medicines, ginsenoside Rh2, (‑)‑epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and resveratrol (RES) on bladder cancer were determined. The effect of these three herbal medicines against the drug resistance in adriamycin (ADM)‑resistant pumc‑91 cells (pumc‑91/ADM) was assessed using the Cell Counting Kit‑8 cell proliferation assay system...
January 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098838/role-of-udp-glucuronosyltransferase-1a1-in-the-metabolism-and-pharmacokinetics-of-silymarin-flavonolignans-in-patients-with-hcv-and-nafld
#14
Ying Xie, Sonia R Miranda, Janelle M Hoskins, Roy L Hawke
Silymarin is the most commonly used herbal medicine by patients with chronic liver disease. Silymarin flavonolignans undergo rapid first-pass metabolism primarily by glucuronidation. The aims of this investigation were: (1) to determine the association of UGT1A1*28 polymorphism with the area under the plasma concentration-time curves (AUCs) for silybin A (SA) and silybin B (SB); (2) to evaluate the effect of UGT1A1*28 polymorphism on the profile of flavonolignan glucuronide conjugates found in the plasma; and (3) to investigate the role of UGT1A1 enzyme kinetics on the pharmacokinetics of SA and SB...
January 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098420/deciphering-chemical-interactions-between-glycyrrhizae-radix-and-coptidis-rhizoma-by-liquid-chromatography-with-transformed-multiple-reaction-monitoring-mass-spectrometry
#15
Zhenhao Li, Ting Liu, Jie Liao, Ni Ai, Xiaohui Fan, Yiyu Cheng
In this study, we propose an integrated strategy for the efficient identification and quantification of herbal constituents using liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry. First, liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry was employed for the chemical profiling of herbs, where a targeted following non-targeted approach was developed to detect trace constituents by using structural correlations and extracted ion chromatograms. Next, ion pairs and parameters of MS(2) of quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry were selected to design multiple reaction monitoring transitions for the identified compounds on liquid chromatography with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097599/biosynthesis-characterization-and-bioactivities-evaluation-of-silver-and-gold-nanoparticles-mediated-by-the-roots-of-chinese-herbal-angelica-pubescens-maxim
#16
Josua Markus, Dandan Wang, Yeon-Ju Kim, Sungeun Ahn, Ramya Mathiyalagan, Chao Wang, Deok Chun Yang
A facile synthesis and biological applications of silver (DH-AgNps) and gold nanoparticles (DH-AuNps) mediated by the aqueous extract of Angelicae Pubescentis Radix (Du Huo) are explored. Du Huo is a medicinal root belonging to Angelica pubescens Maxim which possesses anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antioxidant properties. The absorption spectra of nanoparticles in varying root extract and metal ion concentration, pH, reaction temperatures, and time were recorded by ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096957/cinnamon-effects-on-metabolic-syndrome-a-review-based-on-its-mechanisms
#17
REVIEW
Hamid Mollazadeh, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the major risk factors of death globally. One of the most undeniable reasons of CVDs is metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS is defined as a complex of diseases including insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, obesity, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia. The use of complementary medicine such as traditional herbal species can be effective in treatment of MetS's complications. Cinnamomum verum (family Lauraceae) is a medicinal global plant which has been used daily by people all over the world...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095356/a-systems-pharmacology-perspective-to-decipher-the-mechanism-of-action-of-parangichakkai-chooranam-a-siddha-formulation-for-the-treatment-of-psoriasis
#18
Sudharsana Sundarrajan, Mohanapriya Arumugam
Psoriasis is a chronic relapsing immune mediated disorder of the skin. The disease presents itself with well featured clinical and histological characteristics however the aetiology of the disease still remains obscure. The current systemic therapies aim to eliminate the symptoms of disease rather than offering a complete cure. Parangichakkai chooranam (PC), a Siddha oral herbal formulation has been widely prescribed for the treatment of psoriasis. Though the medication is highly prescribed by the Siddha healers the mechanism of PC for the treatment of psoriasis remains to be elucidated...
January 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095073/preclinical-and-potential-applications-of-common-western-herbal-supplements-as-complementary-treatment-in-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Luke A Morgan, Oliver Grundmann
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurological disorder with a complex pathological etiology, which is not fully understood. Progression of PD may be the result of a buildup of iron in the substantia nigra, microglia-mediated neuroinflammation, dysfunctional mitochondria, or abnormal protein handling. Dopamine is the main neurotransmitter affected, but as the disease progresses, a decrease in all the brain's biogenic amines occurs. Current medication used in the treatment of PD aims to prevent the breakdown of dopamine or increase dopaminergic neurotransmission in the central nervous system...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092098/evaluation-the-ethnopharmacological-studies-in-iran-during-2004-2016-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Zahra Sadeghi, Maryam Akaberi, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Alireza Sobhkhizi, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Although Iran has a deep history in herbal medicine and great heritage of ancient medical scholars, few efforts have been made to evaluate ethnopharmacological aspects of medicinal plants in this country. In the present study, the authors have reviewed all important literature about the ethnopharmacological investigations on medicinal plants used in the last decade in Iran. All provinces of Iran were categorized according to a phytogeographical division. Information was collected through bibliographic investigations from scientific journals and books...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
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