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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527067/usefulness-of-nutraceuticals-in-migraine-prophylaxis
#1
Florindo D'Onofrio, Simona Raimo, Daniele Spitaleri, Gerardo Casucci, Gennaro Bussone
Several studies have supported the efficacy of complementary and alternative medicine approaches (physical, behavioral and nutraceutical therapies) in the treatment of headache disorders. Nutraceutical treatment consists of taking vitamins, supplements (magnesium, riboflavin, coenzyme Q10, and alpha lipoic acid) and herbal preparations (feverfew and butterbur), and its usage is frequently determined by dissatisfaction with conventional medical therapies. There is a growing body of research on nutraceutical use for migraine prophylaxis...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524414/complementary-medicine-use-among-general-internal-medicine-inpatients-in-a-swiss-university-hospital
#2
Isabelle Ducrest, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Mohamed Faouzi, Bernard Burnand, Gérard Waeber, Pierre-Yves Rodondi
BACKGROUND: Complementary Medicine (CM) is frequently used by the general population, but data about prevalence among hospitalised patients are scarce. We evaluated the prevalence and determinants of CM use by inpatients, lifetime, 2 months before and during their hospitalisation in a general internal medicine ward. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey conducted in September 2014 among adult (≥18 years) patients hospitalised for at least 1 day in the general internal medicine ward of the Lausanne University Hospital, Switzerland...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524372/herbal-formula-baogan-yihao-bgyh-prevented-dimethylnitrosamine-dmn-induced-liver-injury-in-rats
#3
Xiujie Liu, Jing Su, Yu Shi, Ying Guo, Imran Suheryani, Shicong Zhao, Yulin Deng, Weiwei Meng, Yan Chen, Lili Sun, Rongji Dai
Preclinical Research Baogan Yihao (BGYH) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of chronic liver diseases. In this study, the effects of BGYH on dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)-induced liver fibrosis were investigated using a rat model. BGYH alleviate liver damage, as indicated by decreased levels of AST, ALT, γ-GT, and AKP. BGYH also prevented collagen deposition and reduced pathological tissue injury in liver tissue. In fibrosis, high levels of α-SMA and TGF-β in liver tissue were markedly attenuated by BGYH...
May 19, 2017: Drug Development Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522917/effects-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-xiangbin-prescription-on-gastrointestinal-motility
#4
Zhi Jiang, Li-Xing Cao, Bo Liu, Qi-Cheng Chen, Wen-Fan Shang, Lu Zhou, Dan-Yan Li, De-An Guo, Zhi-Qiang Chen
AIM: To investigate the effects of Xiangbin prescription (XBP), a Chinese herbal concoction, on gastrointestinal motility. METHODS: Forty healthy volunteers were recruited for this randomized controlled trial of XBP. Antroduodenojejunal manometry was used to monitor gastrointestinal motility in these subjects. After the subjects had fasted for at least 12 h, XBP (n = 30) or placebo (n = 10) was orally administrated and gastrointestinal motility was recorded for 4 h...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521703/recent-advances-in-antiepileptic-herbal-medicine
#5
Stephen M Manchishi
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders worldwide, with about 80 percent of cases thought to be in developing nations where it is mostly linked to superstition. Most cases of epilepsy are idiopathic, though brain injury, brain tumor, severe systemic infection and genetic mutations have been implicated in some cases. Anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) currently in existence are not sufficient to contain the disorder. This is not only because of their limited availability and cost, but also their adverse side effects...
May 18, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521677/molluscum-contagiosum-an-update
#6
Alexander Kc Leung, Benjamin Barankin, Kam Lun Hon
BACKGROUND: Molluscum contagiosum is a viral cutaneous infection in childhood that occurs worldwide. Physicians should familiarize themselves with this common condition. OBJECTIVE: To review in depth the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, complications and, in particular, treatment of molluscum contagiosum. METHODS: A PubMed search was completed in Clinical Queries using the key term "molluscum contagiosum". Patents were searched using the key term "molluscum contagiosum" from www...
May 17, 2017: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521274/detection-of-regulated-herbs-and-plants-in-plant-food-supplements-and-traditional-medicines-using-infrared-spectroscopy
#7
E Deconinck, C A Sokeng Djiogo, J L Bothy, P Courselle
The identification of a specific toxic or regulated plant in herbal preparations or plant food supplements is a real challenge, since they are often powdered, mixed with other herbal or synthetic powders and compressed into tablets or capsules. The classical identification approaches based on micro- and macroscopy are therefore not possible anymore. In this paper infrared spectroscopy, combined with attenuated total reflectance was evaluated for the screening of plant based preparations for nine specific plants (five regulated and four common plants for herbal supplements)...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520091/selective-analysis-of-aristolochic-acid-i-in-herbal-medicines-by-dummy-molecularly-imprinted-solid-phase-extraction-and-hplc
#8
Yanhui Ge, Pengqi Guo, Xinya Xu, Guoning Chen, Xuemei Zhang, Hua Shu, Bilin Zhang, Zhimin Luo, Chun Chang, Qiang Fu
In this study, surface molecularly imprinted polymers were prepared as the selective sorbents for separation of aristolochic acid I in herbal medicine extracts by a facile approach. A less toxic dummy-template, ofloxacin, was used to create specific molecule recognition sites for aristolochic acid I in the synthesized polymers. The polymers were characterized by Fourier-transfer infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, elemental analysis and nitrogen adsorption-desorption test...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516399/hangeshashinto-tj-14-prevents-radiation-induced-mucositis-by-suppressing-cyclooxygenase-2-expression-and-chemotaxis-of-inflammatory-cells
#9
D Kamide, T Yamashita, K Araki, M Tomifuji, A Shiotani
PURPOSE: Radiation-induced oral mucositis is the most common side effect of radiotherapy in head and neck cancer; however, effective modalities for its prevention have not been established. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of Hangeshashinto (TJ-14), a Japanese herbal medicine, for preventing radiation-induced mucositis and elucidated its effect on inflammatory responses, including inflammatory cell chemotaxis and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) expression, in an animal model. METHODS: Syrian hamsters, 8-9 weeks old, were enrolled in this study...
May 17, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516056/simultaneous-micronization-and-purification-of-bioactive-fraction-by-supercritical-antisolvent-technology
#10
Stevanus Hiendrawan, Bambang Veriansyah, Edward Widjojokusumo, Raymond R Tjandrawinata
Simultaneous micronization and purification of DLBS3233 bioactive fraction, a combination of two Indonesian herbals Lagerstroemia speciosa and Cinnamomum burmannii has been successfully performed via supercritical anti-solvent (SAS) technology. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of SAS technology to micronize and reduce coumarin content of DLBS3233. The effects of four SAS process parameters, i.e. pressure, temperature, concentration and solution flow rate on particle formation were investigated...
April 2017: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515405/a-case-of-bronchial-asthma-with-hypereosinophilia-with-effective-saibokutou-therapy
#11
Takahiro Tsuburai, Yousuke Kamide, Yuto Nakamura, Yasuhiro Tomita, Yuto Hamada, Kentaro Watai, Hiroaki Hayashi, Kiyoshi Sekiya, Chihiro Mitsui, Yuma Fukutomi, Akio Mori, Masami Taniguchi
A 42 year old woman visited on our hospital because of cough, sputum, pruritus and erythema. She showed peripheral blood eosinophilia, high level of FENO, bronchial hyperresponsiveness. Diagnosis of bronchial asthma and atopic dermatitis was made, but she rejected therapy except for Saibokutou, a Kampo herbal medicine. After 1 year, her symptoms and her laboratory data were improved.
2017: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514905/evodiamine-prevents-glioma-growth-induces-glioblastoma-cell-apoptosis-and-cell-cycle-arrest-through-jnk-activation
#12
Wen-Shin Wu, Chih-Chiang Chien, Kao-Hui Liu, Yen-Chou Chen, Wen-Ta Chiu
Evodiamine (EVO) is an active medicinal compound derived from the traditional herbal medicine Evodia rutaecarpa. It has been reported that evodiamine has several beneficial biological properties, including anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the in vitro and in vivo anticancer activities of EVO against the growth of glioblastoma cells remain undefined. EVO induced significant decreases in the viability of U87 and C6 glioma cells, but not of primary astrocytes, according with the occurrence of apoptotic characteristics including DNA ladders, caspase-3 and poly(ADP ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein cleavage, and hypodiploid cells...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514737/integration-of-phytochemicals-and-phytotherapy-into-cancer-precision-medicine
#13
REVIEW
Thomas Efferth, Mohamed E M Saeed, Elhaj Mirghani, Awadh Alim, Zahir Yassin, Elfatih Saeed, Hassan E Khalid, Salah Daak
Concepts of individualized therapy in the 1970s and 1980s attempted to develop predictive in vitro tests for individual drug responsiveness without reaching clinical routine. Precision medicine attempts to device novel individual cancer therapy strategies. Using bioinformatics, relevant knowledge is extracted from huge data amounts. However, tumor heterogeneity challenges chemotherapy due to genetically and phenotypically different cell subpopulations, which may lead to refractory tumors. Natural products always served as vital resources for cancer therapy (e...
April 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512604/traditional-dentistry-knowledge-among-serbs-in-several-balkan-countries
#14
Dragan V Ilic, Biljana Andjelski Radicevic, Anely Nedelcheva, Ivana Djurovic, Dejan Ostojic
BACKGROUND/AIM: There are still unrevealed treasures of traditional dental medicine, that is, the reason to investigate and present various ways in treatment of oral and orofacial tissues, as well as magic and religious elements involved in representative areas among Serbs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information was collected from the elderly non-professional folk dentists and herbalists with the additional help of local physicians and dentists that was done through questionnaire and personal interviews...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512603/bactericidal-activity-of-herbal-volatile-oil-extracts-against-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii
#15
Amornrat Intorasoot, Piyaorn Chornchoem, Siriwoot Sookkhee, Sorasak Intorasoot
AIM: The aim of the study is to investigate the antibacterial activity of 10 volatile oils extracted from medicinal plants, including galangal (Alpinia galanga Linn.), ginger (Zingiber officinale), plai (Zingiber cassumunar Roxb.), lime (Citrus aurantifolia), kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix DC.), sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum Linn.), tree basil (Ocimum gratissimum), lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus DC.), clove (Syzygium aromaticum), and cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) against four standard strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, and 30 clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant A...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512501/effect-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-product-qiangguyin-on-bone-mineral-density-and-bone-turnover-in-chinese-postmenopausal-osteoporosis
#16
Zhen-Yu Shi, Xin-Gen Zhang, Chun-Wen Li, Kang Liu, Bo-Cheng Liang, Xiao-Lin Shi
Introduction. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of herbal formula QiangGuYin (QGY) in postmenopausal women. Materials and Methods. A total of 240 participants from six clinical centers were randomly to receive alendronate 70 mg/week, QGY granules 20 g/day, and placebo. Primary end points were BMD changes over 6 and 12 months; secondary end points were bone turnover markers changes at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Safety was monitored by clinical adverse events reported during the follow-up...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512499/neuroprotective-effect-of-fagopyrum-dibotrys-extract-against-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Chen Liang, Jian-Ping Yuan, Tao Ding, Lv Yan, Lu Ling, Xin-Fu Zhou, Yue-Qin Zeng
Accumulated evidence suggests that polyphenolic antioxidants present in herbs play important roles in prevention of AD; the molecular mechanisms behind neuroprotective actions rely on the phenols through different effects on the amyloid-aggregation pathway. Fagopyrum dibotrys is a traditional herbal medicine which contains high quantity phenols. In present study, we investigate the beneficial pharmacological actions of Fagopyrum dibotrys extract in the APP/PS1 transgenic mouse mode; meanwhile, effects of the FDE on the fibrillation and cytotoxicity of Aβ peptide were evaluated in vitro...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512407/severe-rhabdomyolysis-during-treatment-with-trabectedin-in-combination-with-a-herbal-drug-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-synovial-sarcoma-a-case-report
#18
Angela Damato, Mario Larocca, Ermanno Rondini, Massimo Menga, Carmine Pinto, Annibale Versari
Rhabdomyolysis is defined as dissolution of striped muscle characterized by leakage of intracellular muscle components into the circulation, which can ultimately lead to renal failure with a possible fatal outcome. This is an uncommon side effect of trabectedin which is used in second-line therapy of metastatic sarcoma after anthracycline and ifosfamide failure. Here, we describe a case of reversible rhabdomyolysis in a male patient with recurrent metastatic synovial sarcoma of the hand, with marked (18)F-FDG uptake into his skeletal muscles, after 4 cycles of trabectedin, and who at the same time was taking an alternative medicine (bioflavonoids) suspected of triggering this adverse event...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511530/herbs-in-oral-mucositis
#19
REVIEW
Maryam Baharvand, Soudeh Jafari, Hamed Mortazavi
Oral mucositis is an inflammatory mucosal destruction as a result of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy, which in severe cases can impair patients' quality of life. Moreover, mucosal infection and/or systemic involvement due to compromised immunity leads to delay or discontinuation of the treatment. Many strategies and agents have been suggested for the management of this condition. Because of their lower side effects compared to chemical drugs, general interest in evaluating therapeutic effects of herbs has been increased intensively...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511517/holistic-healing-through-herbs-effectiveness-of-aloe-vera-on-post-extraction-socket-healing
#20
Vijaya Lakshmi Nimma, Harsha Vardhan Talla, Jaya Krishna Bairi, Madhulatha Gopaldas, Haritha Bathula, Sandeep Vangdoth
INTRODUCTION: Advances in the field of alternative medicine has encouraged the use of various natural products for multiple uses in the field of dentistry for treatment of various oral diseases. A natural herbal product is Aloe vera, which has number of benefits with no reported side effects and gaining considerable importance in clinical research. AIM: The aim of this cross-sectional randomized interventional study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Aloe vera in the healing of post extraction sockets...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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