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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144273/the-use-of-different-international-references-to-assess-child-anthropometric-status-in-a-malaysian-population
#1
Uttara Partap, Elizabeth H Young, Pascale Allotey, Manjinder S Sandhu, Daniel D Reidpath
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of child underweight, overweight, and obesity in a Malaysian population according to 3 international references because classification of anthropometric status may differ according to the reference used to express body mass index (BMI). STUDY DESIGN: We assessed data from 6414 children aged 6-18 years, collected by the South East Asia Community Observatory. Child underweight, overweight, and obesity were expressed according to 3 internationally used BMI references: World Health Organization 2007, International Obesity Task Force 2012, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2000...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141752/differences-in-nutritional-and-health-status-in-school-children-from-the-highlands-and-lowlands-of-bolivia
#2
Graciela Terán, Washington Cuna, Froilán Brañez, Kristina E M Persson, Martín E Rottenberg, Susanne Nylén, Celeste Rodriguez
Children in the Bolivian Andes are exposed to endemic infections and meager nourishment, and live under poor hygienic conditions. The prevention of children malnutrition is a priority in many countries including Bolivia. In this study, the health status of schoolchildren in Taraco, a Puna district, at 4,000 meters above sea level (masl) and in Caranavi, at 650 masl in the wealthier subtropical valleys, was compared. The weight, height, and hematological and biochemical parameters in blood, parasites in stool, and clinical information in 120 children from rural Taraco and in 96 from semi-urban Caranavi, both predominantly of Aymara ethnicity, were registered...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141314/-a-novel-compound-heterozygous-mutation-in-abca3-gene-in-a-child-with-diffuse-parenchymal-lung-disease
#3
Y M Bao, X L Liu, X L Liu, J H Chen, Y J Zheng
Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of the diffuse parenchymal lung diseases in a child caused by a novel compound heterozygous ABCA3 mutation and explore the association between the phenotype and ABCA3 mutation. Method: The clinical material of a patient diagnosed with diffuse parenchymal lung disease with ABCA3 mutation in December 2016 in Shenzhen Children's Hospital was analyzed. The information about ABCA3 gene mutation updated before April, 2017 was searched and collected from the gene databases (including 1000Genomes, HGMD, EXAC) and the literatures (including Wanfang Chinese database and Pubmed)...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140238/the-effects-of-malnutrition-and-diarrhea-type-on-the-accuracy-of-clinical-signs-of-dehydration-in-children-under-five-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-bangladesh
#4
Kelly Skrable, Saadiyah Bilal, Rashmi Sharma, Sarah Robertson, Yokabed Ashenafi, Sabiha Nasrin, Nur H Alam, Adam C Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140236/impact-of-childhood-nutritional-status-on-pathogen-prevalence-and-severity-of-acute-diarrhea
#5
Kirkby D Tickell, Patricia B Pavlinac, Grace C John-Stewart, Donna M Denno, Barbra A Richardson, Jaqueline M Naulikha, Ronald K Kirera, Brett E Swierczewski, Benson O Singa, Judd L Walson
Children with acute and chronic malnutrition are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality following a diarrheal episode. To compare diarrheal disease severity and pathogen prevalence among children with and without acute and chronic malnutrition, we conducted a cross-sectional study of human immunodeficiency virus-uninfected Kenyan children aged 6-59 months, who presented with acute diarrhea. Children underwent clinical and anthropometric assessments and provided stool for bacterial and protozoal pathogen detection...
November 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138640/prevalence-of-soil-transmitted-helminthiases-and-schistosomiasis-in-preschool-age-children-in-mwea-division-kirinyaga-south-district-kirinyaga-county-and-their-potential-effect-on-physical-growth
#6
Stephen Sifuna Wefwafwa Sakari, Amos K Mbugua, Gerald M Mkoji
Intestinal parasitic infections can significantly contribute to the burden of disease, may cause nutritional and energetic stress, and negatively impact the quality of life in low income countries of the world. This cross-sectional study done in Mwea irrigation scheme, in Kirinyaga, central Kenya, assessed the public health significance of soil-transmitted helminthiases (STH), schistosomiasis, and other intestinal parasitic infections, among 361 preschool age children (PSAC) through fecal examination, by measuring anthropometric indices, and through their parents/guardians, by obtaining sociodemographic information...
2017: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138201/effect-of-iron-and-zinc-biofortified-pearl-millet-consumption-on-growth-and-immune-competence-in-children-aged-12-18-months-in-india-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Saurabh Mehta, Julia L Finkelstein, Sudha Venkatramanan, Samantha L Huey, Shobha A Udipi, Padmini Ghugre, Caleb Ruth, Richard L Canfield, Anura V Kurpad, Ramesh D Potdar, Jere D Haas
INTRODUCTION: Biofortified crops represent a sustainable agricultural solution for the widespread micronutrient malnutrition in India and other resource-limited settings. This study aims to investigate the effect of the consumption of foods prepared with iron- and zinc-biofortified pearl millet (FeZn-PM) by children on biomarkers of iron and zinc status, growth, and immune function. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a randomised controlled feeding trial in identified slums of Mumbai, India among 200 children aged between 12 and 18 months...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137686/the-food-multimix-concept-harnessing-and-promoting-local-composite-complementary-diets
#8
F B Zotor, P Amuna
Over the past two decades, increasing efforts have been made to find suitable nutritional products for managing particularly moderate forms of malnutrition following acute phase treatment, including the adoption of ready-to-use therapeutic foods. The challenge in meeting nutrient needs of normal growing young children and other vulnerable population groups with scant food supply has led us to explore the use of local, traditional and culturally adaptable food-based complementary foods employing the food multimix (FMM) concept...
November 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132947/associations-between-weight-loss-kidney-function-decline-and-risk-of-esrd-in-the-chronic-kidney-disease-in-children-ckid-cohort-study
#9
Elaine Ku, Joel D Kopple, Charles E McCulloch, Bradley A Warady, Susan L Furth, Robert H Mak, Barbara A Grimes, Mark Mitsnefes
BACKGROUND: Anorexia and malnutrition are associated with poor outcomes in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: We assessed changes in body mass index (BMI) as kidney function declines and its association with risk for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among 854 participants followed between 2005 to 2013 in the CKD in Children (CKiD) Study. PREDICTORS: Repeated measurements of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by serum creatinine concentration in our trajectory analysis using mixed models; change in BMI z score (per year) after eGFR decreased to <35mL/min/1...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132283/predictors-of-survival-among-hiv-positive-children-on-art-in-swaziland
#10
Patrick Shabangu, Andy Beke, Samuel Manda, Nobuhle Mthethwa
The objective of the study was to determine predictors of survival among HIV-positive children (<15 years) in Swaziland. A retrospective cohort analysis of medical records for 4 167 children living with HIV who were initiated on antiretroviral therapy (ART) between 2004 and 2008, and followed up until 2014 was conducted in clinical settings at 36 health facilities. The Kaplan Meier Estimator, signed-ranks test, and the Cox proportional hazards regression model were applied to determine survival probabilities, significant difference among stratified survival functions and adjusted hazard ratios respectively...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130701/patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-pediatric-patients-with-recent-cancer-diagnosis
#11
Mayra Jezabel Vázquez de la Torre, Katja Stein, Edgar Manuel Vásquez Garibay, Miguel Roberto Kumazawa Ichikawa, Rogelio Troyo Sanromán, Alicia Guadalupe Salcedo Flores, Fernando Antonio Sánchez Zubieta
BACKGROUND: The subjective global assessment (SGA) is a simple, sensitive tool used to identify nutritional risk. It is widely used in the adult population, but there is little evidence on its effectiveness in children with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study was undertaken to demonstrate significant correlation between a simplified version of the Patient-Generated SGA (PG-SGA) and anthropometric assessment to identify nutritional status in children recently diagnosed with cancer...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130700/-dissatisfaction-with-body-image-and-its-relation-to-nutritional-status-cardiometabolic-risk-and-cardiorespiratory-capacity-in-public-school-children
#12
Pedro Antonio Delgado Floody, Cristian Martínez Salazar, Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Daniel Jerez Mayorga, Aldo Osorio Poblete, Felipe García Pinillos, Pedro Latorre Román
INTRODUCTION: The increase in abdominal fat and excess weight are related to dissatisfaction with body image, which nowadays is highly prevalent nationally and internationally. AIM: The purpose of the study was to relate dissatisfaction levels to body image, nutritional status, cardiometabolic risk and cardiorespiratory capacity in pre-adolescent students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-nine students participated in the study, 165 girls (11...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123578/the-role-of-adhesion-molecules-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-children-assessment-of-the-possible-risk-of-cardiovascular-complications
#13
Aneta Trzeciak-Jędrzejczyk, Ryszard Makosiej, Michał Kolejwa, Ewa Głowacka, Elżbieta Czkwianianc
Introduction: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic diseases that proceed with exacerbation and remission phases. Adhesion molecules play a significant role in inflammatory processes. The same adhesion molecules play an important role in atherogenesis. Aim: To assess the risk of atherosclerosis in IBD in children. Material and methods: The study included 40 patients with IBD (25 with Crohn's disease - CD and 15 with ulcerative colitis - UC) aged 4-17 years...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121088/vaccination-and-nutritional-status-of-children-in-karawari-east-sepik-province-papua-new-guinea
#14
Louis Samiak, Theophilus I Emeto
Delivery of health care services to rural and remote populations in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is problematic. This is mainly due to difficulties with transportation and communication. Hence, the children in this region of PNG are likely to be at risk of malnutrition compounded by inadequate vaccination that may predispose them to preventable diseases. This study was conducted to determine the vaccination and nutritional status of children less than 5 years old in the remote and rural Karawari area of PNG. 105 children were included in the study, of whom 55% were male and 45% female...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120331/management-of-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-india-we-know-enough-to-act-and-we-should-act-now
#15
Pavitra Mohan, Sanjana Brahmawar Mohan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119823/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-child-nutritional-status-a-cross-sectional-study-in-socially-disadvantaged-pakistani-community
#16
Qamar Saeed, Nadia Shah, Sumera Inam, Kashif Shafique
Malnutrition is a primary cause of child morbidity and mortality. The effects of maternal depressive symptoms on children's health, especially their nutritional status, have received less attention in developing countries but needs to be evaluated to understand the public health implications of maternal depression. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between maternal depressive symptoms and children's nutritional status using data from low socioeconomic community in Pakistan. Maternal depressive symptoms defined as Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale score of 20 or greater was assessed for mothers with children under two years of age...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117103/development-and-physico-chemical-characterization-of-a-shea-butter-containing-lipid-nutrition-supplement-for-sub-saharan-africa
#17
Elizabeth M Sloffer, Shashank Gaur, Nicki J Engeseth, Juan E Andrade
Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) are used to prevent and treat moderate and severe acute malnutrition, a leading cause of mortality in children-under-five. The physical and chemical changes of two new LNS products were evaluated before and after accelerated shelf life testing (ASLT) according to protocols suggested by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and Doctors without Borders and compared against USAID's A-20 paste as a control. LNS formulas containing Shea butter from the Shea nut tree (Vitellaria paradoxa), a common fat source in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, with and without flax-seed oil, as a source of omega-3 fatty acids, were developed...
November 8, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116252/leptin-regulates-granzyme-a-pd-1-and-ctla-4-expression-in-t-cell-to-control-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-balb-c-mice
#18
Alti Dayakar, Sambamurthy Chandrasekaran, Jalaja Veronica, Vadloori Bharadwaja, Radheshyam Maurya
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is responsible for several deaths in malnourished children accompanied by diminished circulating leptin and impaired cell-mediated immunity. Typically, leptin deficiency is associated with the Th2 polarization that markedly coincides with the pathogenesis of VL. The aim of the present study was to unravel the prophylactic role of leptin in malnutrition-coupled VL mice. Interestingly, we observed that L. donovani infection itself reduces the serum leptin levels in malnutrition. Exogenous leptin restored severe body weight loss and parasite load in the spleen and liver of malnourished infected mice compared to controls...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115985/use-of-tuberculin-skin-test-for-assessment-of-immune-recovery-among-previously-malnourished-children-in-ethiopia
#19
Paluku Bahwere, Philip James, Alemseged Abdissa, Yesufe Getu, Yilak Getnet, Kate Sadler, Tsinuel Girma
OBJECTIVE: To compare levels of immunity in children recovering from severe acute malnutrition (cases) against those of community controls (controls). RESULTS: At baseline children recovering from severe acute malnutrition had lower, mid upper arm circumference (122 mm for cases and 135 mm for controls; p < 0.001), weight-for-height Z-score (- 1.0 for cases and - 0.5 for controls; p < 0.001), weight-for-age Z-score (- 2.8 for cases and - 1.1 for controls; p < 0...
November 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113618/milk-products-in-the-dietary-management-of-childhood-undernutrition-a-historical-review
#20
Veronika Scherbaum, M Leila Srour
The present narrative review outlines the use of milk products in infant and young child feeding from early history until today and illustrates how research findings and technical innovations contributed to the evolution of milk-based strategies to combat undernutrition in children below the age of 5 years. From the onset of social welfare initiatives, dairy products were provided by maternal and child health services to improve nutrition. During the last century, a number of aetiological theories on oedematous forms of undernutrition were developed and until the 1970s the dogma of protein deficiency was dominant...
November 8, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
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