keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Malnutrition children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319154/effectiveness-of-community-based-complementary-food-supplement-yingyangbao-distribution-in-children-aged-6-23-months-in-poor-areas-in-china
#1
Jie Wang, Suying Chang, Liyun Zhao, Wentao Yu, Jian Zhang, Qingqing Man, Li He, Yifan Duan, Hui Wang, Robert Scherpbier, Shi-An Yin
BACKGROUND: Poor growth and micronutrient deficiency mainly attack older infants and young children. Some countries have adopted clinically effective measures to combat malnutrition, but the compliance and improvement in efficacy of intervention vehicles in national programs require evaluation. METHODS: Baseline and follow-up cross-sectional surveys were conducted before and after a nutrition intervention program in 3 national poverty counties in China. Soybean-based complementary food supplements called Yingyangbao (YYB) in Chinese and training materials on child feeding were distributed to households with children aged 6-23 months for 18 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317139/mortality-after-inpatient-treatment-for-severe-pneumonia-in-children-a-cohort-study
#2
Moses M Ngari, Greg Fegan, Martha K Mwangome, Mwanajuma J Ngama, Neema Mturi, John Anthony Gerard Scott, Evasius Bauni, David James Nokes, James A Berkley
BACKGROUND: Although pneumonia is a leading cause of inpatient mortality, deaths may also occur after discharge from hospital. However, prior studies have been small, in selected groups or did not fully evaluate risk factors, particularly malnutrition and HIV. We determined 1-year post-discharge mortality and risk factors among children diagnosed with severe pneumonia. METHODS: A cohort study of children aged 1-59 months admitted to Kilifi County Hospital with severe pneumonia (2007-12)...
March 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315891/results-with-complementary-food-using-local-food-ingredients
#3
Tahmeed Ahmed, Munirul Islam, Nuzhat Choudhury, Iqbal Hossain, Sayeeda Huq, Mustafa Mahfuz, Shafiqul Alam Sarker
Appropriate complementary food is a must for optimum growth of infants and children. The food should be diverse and be given in sufficient quantities 2-4 times a day depending upon age. Poverty, food insecurity, and lack of awareness regarding the choice of nutritious food ingredients are deterrents to optimum complementary feeding. In Bangladesh, 77% of children do not receive appropriate complementary food and, hence, the high prevalence of childhood malnutrition. We developed ready-to-use complementary foods (RUCFs) using locally available food ingredients, rice/lentil and chickpea, which conform to standard specifications...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306140/dietary-and-nutritional-change-in-india-implications-for-strategies-policies-and-interventions
#4
Bhavani Shankar, Sutapa Agrawal, Amy R Beaudreault, Laxmaiah Avula, Reynaldo Martorell, Saskia Osendarp, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Mireille Seneclauze Mclean
Despite the global transition to overnutrition, stunting affected approximately 159 million children worldwide in 2014, while an estimated 50 million children were wasted. India is an important front in the fight against malnutrition and is grappling with the coexistence of undernutrition, overnutrition, and micronutrient deficiencies. This report summarizes discussions on trends in malnutrition in India, its evolution in the context of economic growth, intrahousehold aspects, infant and young child feeding practices, women's status, maternal nutrition, and nutrition policymaking...
March 17, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302673/pneumococcal-vaccine-response-after-exposure-to-parasites-in-utero-in-infancy-or-mid-childhood
#5
Monica Nayakwadi Singer, Claire Heath, Jackson Muinde, Virginia Gildengorin, Francis M Mutuku, David Vu, Dunstan Mukoko, Christopher L King, Indu J Malhotra, Charles H King, A Desirée LaBeaud
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a leading cause of mortality before age 5, but few studies examine details of childhood response to pneumococcal vaccine in less-developed settings. Although malnutrition, HIV, and concurrent infections can impair response, evidence suggests that chronic parasitic infections can also contribute to poor vaccination results. The objective of this study was to determine whether response to pneumococcal vaccine varied among children either exposed to parasitic infections in utero, previously infected in infancy, or infected at the time of immunization...
March 16, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302205/-value-of-nutritional-risk-screening-in-evaluating-adverse-clinical-outcomes-in-children-with-severe-pneumonia
#6
Xiao-Hui Guo, Yan-Feng Sun, Jiang-Bo Wang, Shu-Zhen Han, Jing Miao, Min Cui
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nutritional risk in children with severe pneumonia using the Screening Tool for the Assessment of Malnutrition in Paediatrics (STAMP) and the association between nutritional risk and adverse clinical outcomes. METHODS: According to the STAMP score, 216 children with severe pneumonia were classified into high nutritional risk group (HR group; n=98), moderate nutritional risk group (MR group; n=65), and low nutritional risk group (LR group; n=53)...
March 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298275/the-impact-of-nutritional-interventions-beyond-the-first-2-years-of-life-on-linear-growth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Joseph L Roberts, Aryeh D Stein
A large body of evidence suggests that the first 1000 d from conception is a critical window in which interventions to address malnutrition will be most effective, but little is known about the impact on linear growth of nutritional interventions in children ≥2 y of age. The aim of this analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of several nutrition-based interventions, specifically iron, zinc, calcium, iodine, vitamin A, multiple (≥2) micronutrients, protein, and food, at improving growth in children ≥2 y of age...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296896/relationship-between-pickiness-and-subsequent-development-in-body-mass-index-and-diet-intake-in-obesity-prone-normal-weight-preschool-children
#8
Jeanett Friis Rohde, Mina Nicole Händel, Maria Stougaard, Nanna Julie Olsen, Maria Trærup, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Berit Lilienthal Heitmann
BACKGROUND: Most children have periods in their life where they reject familiar as well as non-familiar food items and this is often referred to as pickiness. The consequences of pickiness may be malnutrition and, if prolonged, potentially lower body weight. However, studies investigating the consequence of pickiness on subsequent changes in diet intake and weight are limited. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether pickiness influences body mass index as well as diet intake over subsequent 15 months among obesity prone normal weight children aged 2-6 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293424/application-of-penalized-linear-regression-methods-to-the-selection-of-environmental-enteropathy-biomarkers
#9
Miao Lu, Jianhui Zhou, Caitlin Naylor, Beth D Kirkpatrick, Rashidul Haque, William A Petri, Jennie Z Ma
BACKGROUND: Environmental Enteropathy (EE) is a subclinical condition caused by constant fecal-oral contamination and resulting in blunting of intestinal villi and intestinal inflammation. Of primary interest in the clinical research is to evaluate the association between non-invasive EE biomarkers and malnutrition in a cohort of Bangladeshi children. The challenges are that the number of biomarkers/covariates is relatively large, and some of them are highly correlated. METHODS: Many variable selection methods are available in the literature, but which are most appropriate for EE biomarker selection remains unclear...
2017: Biomarker Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292285/congenital-malformations-and-medical-conditions-associated-with-orofacial-clefts-in-children-in-burkina-faso
#10
Kisito Nagalo, Isso Ouédraogo, Jean-Martin Laberge, Louise Caouette-Laberge, Jean Turgeon
BACKGROUND: Orofacial clefts are usually isolated cases but can be associated with other congenital malformations that are either recognised or unrecognised syndromes. The reported prevalence and pattern of such associated malformations, however, vary among studies. OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequencies and aetiologies of congenital malformations and associated medical conditions in children with orofacial clefts in Burkina Faso (Western Africa). METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out at the El Fateh-Suka Clinic in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso...
March 14, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291805/socioeconomic-factors-associated-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-jamaica
#11
Debbie S Thompson, Novie Younger-Coleman, Parris Lyew-Ayee, Lisa-Gaye Greene, Michael S Boyne, Terrence E Forrester
OBJECTIVES: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is an important risk factor for illness and death globally, contributing to more than half of deaths in children worldwide. We hypothesized that SAM is positively correlated to poverty, low educational attainment, major crime and higher mean soil concentrations of lead, cadmium and arsenic. METHODS: We reviewed admission records of infants admitted with a diagnosis of SAM over 14 years (2000-2013) in Jamaica. Poverty index, educational attainment, major crime and environmental heavy metal exposure were represented in a Geographic Information System (GIS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288591/correlates-of-thymus-size-and-changes-during-treatment-of-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-cohort-study
#12
Maren Johanne Heilskov Rytter, Hanifa Namusoke, Christian Ritz, Kim F Michaelsen, André Briend, Henrik Friis, Dorthe Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: The impairment of immune functions associated with malnutrition may be one reason for the high mortality in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM), and thymus atrophy has been proposed as a marker of this immunodeficiency. The aim of this study was to identify nutritional and clinical correlates of thymus size in children with SAM, and predictors of change in thymus size with nutritional rehabilitation. METHODS: In an observational study among children aged 6-59 months admitted with SAM in Uganda, we measured thymus area by ultrasound on hospital admission to treatment with F75 and F100, on hospital discharge and after 8 weeks of nutritional rehabilitation with ready-to-use therapeutic food, as well as in well-nourished healthy children...
March 14, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287482/comparison-of-mid-upper-arm-circumference-and-weight-for-height-to-diagnose-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-study-in-southern-ethiopia
#13
Amare Worku Tadesse, Elazar Tadesse, Yemane Berhane, Eva-Charlotte Ekström
Weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) are two independent anthropometric indicators for diagnosing and admitting children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) for treatment. While severely wasted children are at high risk of mortality, MUAC and WHZ do not always identify the same population of children as having SAM. Understanding how this discrepancy relates to age and sex may provide valuable information for care programmes for children with SAM. Age and sex distribution for differences between children identified as SAM by MUAC and WHZ were examined and the degree of agreement calculated...
March 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284260/tuberculosis-in-hiv-infected-south-african-children-with-complicated-severe-acute-malnutrition
#14
H Adler, M Archary, P Mahabeer, P LaRussa, R A Bobat
SETTING: Academic tertiary referral hospital in Durban, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and diagnostic challenges of tuberculosis (TB) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). DESIGN: Post-hoc analysis of a randomised controlled trial that enrolled antiretroviral therapy naïve, HIV-infected children with SAM. Trial records and hospital laboratory results were explored for clinical diagnoses and bacteriologically confirmed cases of TB...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281425/antibiotic-resistance-patterns-and-beta-lactamase-identification-in-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-young-children-in-rural-limpopo-province-south-africa-the-mal-ed-cohort
#15
A S DeFrancesco, N F Tanih, A Samie, R L Guerrant, P O Bessong
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem worldwide. Mechanisms of resistance vary, and some can confer resistance to multiple classes of antibiotics. OBJECTIVE: To characterise the antibiotic resistance profiles of Escherichia coli isolates obtained from stool samples of young rural children exposed or unexposed to antibiotics. METHODOLOGY: The samples were collected from children aged 4 - 12 months who were participants in the Etiology, Risk Factors, and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development (MAL-ED) project at the South Africa research site...
February 27, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279227/treatment-outcomes-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-treated-within-outpatient-therapeutic-program-otp-at-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#16
Mulugeta Yohannis Kabalo, Canaan Negash Seifu
BACKGROUND: Children in third world countries suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in an extent of public health important. SAM management protocol available this time brought the approach from facility-based to community-based by Outpatient Therapeutic Program (OTP). But, little was known about the treatment outcomes of the program in Ethiopia. Thus, this study was aimed to assess treatment outcomes of SAM and identify factors associated among children treated at OTP in Wolaita Zone...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278563/development-assessment-of-hiv-exposed-children-aged-6-18-months-a-cohort-study-from-north-india
#17
Remya Rajan, Anju Seth, Sharmila B Mukherjee, Jagdish Chandra
HIV exposed children are vulnerable to developmental delay irrespective of their HIV status due to combined effect of risk factors like poverty, prenatal drug exposure, stress and chronic illness in family and malnutrition. This cohort study assessed the development of 50 HIV exposed children aged 6-18 months at a Pediatric Centre of Excellence in HIV care in India. The development was assessed using Development Assessment Scale for Indian Infants (DASII) at enrolment, 3 and 6 months later. The development quotient (DQ) scores and proportion of children with developmental delay (DQ ≤ 70) were compared among two sub-groups, HIV infected (HI) and HIV exposed uninfected (HEU) children...
March 5, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277226/nasal-polyposis-in-cystic-fibrosis-follow-up-of-children-and-adolescents-for-a-3-year-period
#18
Silke Anna Theresa Weber, Renata Mizusaki Iyomasa, Camila de Castro Corrêa, Wellington Novais Mafra Florentino, Giesela Fleischer Ferrari
INTRODUCTION: Nasal polyposis is often found in patients with cystic fibrosis. OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of nasal polyposis, the response to medical treatment, recurrence and the need for surgical intervention in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis during a three-year follow-up. METHODS: Clinical symptoms (pulmonary, pancreatic insufficiency, malnutrition, nasal obstruction), two positive sweat chloride tests, and genotype findings in 23 patients with cystic fibrosis were analyzed...
October 17, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276905/nutritional-assessment-and-intervention-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-practical-approach
#19
Elena Scarpato, Annamaria Staiano, Massimo Molteni, Gaetano Terrone, Alessandra Mazzocchi, Carlo Agostoni
Cerebral palsy (CP) is associated with the presence of feeding disorders in almost 60% of the affected children with subsequent undernutrition reported in up to 46% of the subjects. Since undernutrition may have a detrimental impact on physical and cognitive development, the introduction of an adequate nutritional support should always be considered in children with neurological impairment. The aim of the present review is to provide a practical guide to the assessment of nutritional status in children with CP, in order to identify individuals at risk for malnutrition that need the introduction of an adequate and personalized nutritional support...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276824/clinical-profile-and-treatment-outcome-of-chronic-pancreatitis-in-children-a-long-term-follow-up-study-of-156-cases
#20
Ujjal Poddar, Surender Kumar Yachha, Vibhor Borkar, Anshu Srivastava, Vivek A Saraswat
AIM: There is a paucity of literature in pediatric chronic pancreatitis (CP) and most information is derived from adult literature. We, therefore, analyzed our experience of CP to look for clinical profile and long-term outcome. METHODS: From January 2003 to December 2015, 156 consecutive children (≤18 years) diagnosed as CP were included. Their clinical profile, management, and follow-up data were retrieved. Genetic markers (PRSS1, SPINK1, and CFTR) were studied in 40 idiopathic cases...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
keyword
keyword
110194
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"