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Functional abdominal pain children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149474/interventions-for-old-world-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#1
REVIEW
Julio Heras-Mosteiro, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Mariona Pinart, Patricia Lopez Pereira, Emely Garcia-Carrasco, Pedro Campuzano Cuadrado, Ana Royuela, Irene Mendez Roman, Rogelio López-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by a parasitic infection, is considered one of the most serious skin diseases in many low- and middle-income countries. Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (OWCL) is caused by species found in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and India. The most commonly prescribed treatments are antimonials, but other drugs have been used with varying success. As OWCL tends to heal spontaneously, it is necessary to justify the use of systemic and topical treatments...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112086/randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-on-value-of-domperidone-in-functional-abdominal-pain-in-children
#2
Amaranath Karunanayake, Niranga M Devanarayana, Asita de Silva, Sampath Gunawardena, Shaman Rajindrajith
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of domperidone on children with abdominal pain predominant functional gastrointestinal disorders (AP-FGIDs). METHODS: One hundred children (aged 5-12 years) fulfilling Rome III criteria for AP-FGIDs were randomized into 8 weeks of domperidone or placebo treatment. Primary outcomes defined were cure and patient-reported general improvement. Secondary outcomes were reduction in the severity of abdominal pain and increase in gastric motility...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111202/intestinal-fructose-malabsorption-is-associated-with-increased-lactulose-fermentation-in-the-intestinal-lumen-of-patients-with-abdominal-pain
#3
Roberto Koity Fujihara Ozaki, Patrícia da Graça Leite Speridião, Ana Cristina Fontenele Soares, Mauro Batista de Morais
OBJECTIVE: To study fructose malabsorption in children and adolescents with abdominal pain associated with functional gastrointestinal disorders. As an additional objective, the association between intestinal fructose malabsorption and food intake, including the estimated fructose consumption, weight, height, and lactulose fermentability were also studied. METHODS: The study included 31 patients with abdominal pain (11 with functional dyspepsia, 10 with irritable bowel syndrome, and 10 with functional abdominal pain)...
October 28, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105908/the-research-gap-in-chronic-paediatric-pain-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#4
REVIEW
R Boulkedid, A Y Abdou, E Desselas, M Manégat, T G de Leeuw, J Avez-Couturier, S Dugue, C Mareau, B Charron, C Alberti, F Kaguelidou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain is associated with significant functional and social impairment. The objective of this review was to assess the characteristics and quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating pain management interventions in children and adolescents with chronic pain. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library up to July 2017. We included RCTs that involved children and adolescents (3 months-18 years) and evaluated the use of pharmacological or non-pharmacological intervention(s) in the context of pain persisting or re-occurring for more than 3 months...
November 5, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082845/low-fodmap-diet-a-potential-treatment-of-functional-abdominal-pain-in-children
#5
Katarzyna Mirosława Boradyn, Katarzyna Eufemia Przybyłowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068584/hydronephrosis-in-the-course-of-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-an-underestimated-problem-current-opinions-on-the-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Wojciech Krajewski, Joanna Wojciechowska, Janusz Dembowski, Romuald Zdrojowy, Tomasz Szydełko
Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) causes a reduction in the urine flow from the renal pelvis into the ureter. Untreated UPJO may cause hydronephrosis, chronic infection or urolithiasis and will often result in progressive deterioration of renal function. Most cases of UPJO are congenital; however, the disease can be clinically silent until adulthood. Other causes, both intrinsic and extrinsic, are acquired and include urolithiasis, post-operative/inflammatory/ischemic stricture, fibroepithelial polyps, adhesions and malignancy...
August 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023318/comparison-of-gut-directed-hypnotherapy-and-unspecific-hypnotherapy-as-self-help-format-in-children-and-adolescents-with-functional-abdominal-pain-or-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-randomized-pilot-study
#7
Marco D Gulewitsch, Angelika A Schlarb
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial treatments for chronic abdominal pain in childhood or adolescence are effective, but time consuming and hardly available. In the present study, gut-directed hypnotherapy (GDHT) and unspecific hypnotherapy (UHT) were compared to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a hypnotherapeutic self-help intervention. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Children/adolescents between 6 and 17 years of age with chronic abdominal pain were randomized to GDHT or UHT...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016461/social-learning-pathways-in-the-relation-between-parental-chronic-pain-and-daily-pain-severity-and-functional-impairment-in-adolescents-with-functional-abdominal-pain
#8
Amanda L Stone, Stephen Bruehl, Craig A Smith, Judy Garber, Lynn S Walker
Having a parent with chronic pain (CP) may confer greater risk for persistence of CP from childhood into young adulthood. Social learning, such as parental modeling and reinforcement, represents one plausible mechanism for the transmission of risk for CP from parents to offspring. Based on a 7-day pain diary in 154 pediatric patients with functional abdominal CP, we tested a model in which parental CP predicted adolescents' daily average CP severity and functional impairment (distal outcomes) via parental modeling of pain behaviors and parental reinforcement of adolescent's pain behaviors (mediators) and adolescents' cognitive appraisals of pain threat (proximal outcome representing adolescents' encoding of parents' behaviors)...
October 6, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985427/blastocystis-hominis-and-chronic-abdominal-pain-in-children-is-there-an-association-between-them
#9
Erick Manuel Toro Monjaraz, Miguel Angel Vichido Luna, Ericka Montijo Barrios, Roberto Cervantes Bustamante, Flora Zárate Mondragón, Alfonso Huante Anaya, José Cadena León, Monserrat Cazares Mendez, Martha López Ugalde, Jaime A Ramirez Mayans
Chronic abdominal pain has many etiologies, one of them being parasites. The aim of this study was to find an association between chronic abdominal pain in children and Blastocystis hominis (Bh). Clinical files of patients with Bh and functional abdominal pain were reviewed. A comparison was made between patients who showed an improvement of their symptoms and those who did not. Out of the 138 patients who had functional abdominal pain and Bh, 37 patients did not receive any treatment (26.8%), while 101 received it and were treated with different antimicrobial agents (73...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975974/analysis-on-kidney-injury-related-clinical-risk-factors-and-evaluation-on-the-therapeutic-effects-of-hemoperfusion-in-children-with-henoch-schonlein-purpura
#10
D-Q Ma, Y Li, Z-G Han, M Zheng, N Xu, X-J Fan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate risk factors related to kidney injury in children with Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) and to study the therapeutic effects of hemoperfusion (HP) on kidney injury in HSP children, providing clinical evidence for early prevention and treatment of HSP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Children who suffered from HSP for the first time were selected as study objects and they were followed up for 12 months. Single factor analysis and multi-factor Logistic regression analysis were performed for children's demographic characteristics (age, gender), clinical manifestations (rash duration time, rash recurrence times, digestive tract hemorrhage, abdominal pain, arthralgia, HSP recurrence) and laboratory indexes (peripheral blood WBC, PLT, ESR, CRP, serum IgG, serum IgA, IgM, serum C3, serum C4, TC, TG, HDL, LDL)...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937064/nephrocalcinosis-among-children-at-king-hussein-medical-center-causes-and-outcome
#11
Jwaher T Al-Bderat, Reham I Mardinie, Ghazi M Salaita, Amer T Al-Bderat, Mahdi K Farrah
Nephrocalcinosis (NC) is defined as deposition of calcium crystals in the renal parenchyma and tubules. This is a retrospective review of all the data of 63 children presented to Pediatric Nephrology Clinic at King Hussein Medical Center (KHMC) over a 15-year period with bilateral NC. We determine their causes, clinical presentation and evaluate their growth and renal function during their follow-up. Thirty-five (55.5%) cases were males and 28 (44.5%) were females. The median (range) age at presentation was four (2-192) months...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936932/-guideline-on-functional-abdominal-pain-in-children
#12
J M T M Rutten, J J Korterink, L M A J Venmans, M A Benninga, M M Tabbers
- The guideline entitled 'Functional abdominal pain in children' has been developed by a multidisciplinary working group on behalf of the Dutch Pediatric Association in 2015. - History and physical examination are essential in diagnosing pediatric functional abdominal pain. Additional diagnostic testing is of limited value when alarm symptoms are absent. - Reassurance and education of both the child and parent(s), are the cornerstones in the treatment of pediatric functional abdominal pain. - In case of persisting symptoms, hypnotherapy or cognitive behavioral therapy can be started...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913814/child-with-abdominal-pain
#13
Rajalakshmi Iyer, Karthi Nallasamy
Abdominal pain is one of the common symptoms reported by children in urgent care clinics. While most children tend to have self-limiting conditions, the treating pediatrician should watch out for underlying serious causes like intestinal obstruction and perforation peritonitis, which require immediate referral to an emergency department (ED). Abdominal pain may be secondary to surgical or non-surgical causes, and will differ as per the age of the child. The common etiologies for abdominal pain presenting to an urgent care clinic are acute gastro-enteritis, constipation and functional abdominal pain; however, a variety of extra-abdominal conditions may also present as abdominal pain...
September 15, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876576/rapunzel-syndrome-african-variations-on-a-european-fairytale
#14
J Plaskett, G Chinnery, D Thomson, B Dedekind, E Jonas, S Thomson
BACKGROUND: Trichobezoars are intraluminal accretions of ingested hair. Rapunzel syndrome is a rare and extreme presentation with extension down through into the small intestine. Most frequently reported in children and psychiatric patients, we report on an African series of five patients. METHOD: Five patients presenting with trichobezoars were retrospectively reviewed and analysed with regard to patient background, demographics, clinical presentation, diagnosis, surgical management and complications...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875974/-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-the-rome-iv-criteria
#15
REVIEW
Barbara Iwańczak, Franciszek Iwańczak
In the work diagnostic criteria of functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract in children and adolescents aged 4 to 18 years are presented. The criteria were elaborated by experienced experts in pediatrics and gastroenterology and were presented on Digestive Disease Week in San Diego in 2016 as modified IV Rome Criteria. In the work the following functional disorders are discussed: cyclic vomiting syndrome, functional nausea and vomiting, rumination syndrome, aerophagia, functional dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, abdominal migraine, functional abdominal pain - not otherwise specified, functional constipation, nonretentive fecal incontinence...
August 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861308/giant-hydronephrosis-still-a-reality
#16
Kawaljit Singh Kaura, Manoj Kumar, Ashok Kr Sokhal, Ashok Kr Gupta, Bimalesh Purkait, Durgesh Saini, Satyanarayan Sankhwar
OBJECTIVE: Giant hydronephrosis (GH) is a rare entity in both developed and developing countries with less than 500 cases reported in the literature. Delayed diagnosis and management of GH, can result in long-term complications like hypertension, rupture of the kidney, renal failure and malignant change. We aim to highlight the importance of this often neglected entity and build a consensus for its early diagnosis and management. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with GH were thoroughly worked up, managed and followed up between June 2013 and December 2015 and epidemiologic, radiological, perioperative and follow-up data was recorded...
September 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831934/-functional-abdominal-symptoms-in-children-the-role-of-the-abdominal-x-ray-and-measurement-of-colon-transit-time
#17
M V Verhagen, I J N Koppen, M M Tabbers, M A Benninga, R R van Rijn
Functional constipation and functional non-retentive faecal incontinence are common problems in childhood; these functional defaecation disorders are diagnosed according to the Rome IV criteria. Here we describe the role of an abdominal X-ray in diagnosing functional defaecation disorders, and address the limited additional value of a plain abdominal X-ray. In limited cases it may be helpful to determine colonic transit time using an abdominal X-ray to differentiate between functional constipation and functional non-retentive faecal incontinence...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826627/neurostimulation-for-abdominal-pain-related-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-adolescents-a-randomised-double-blind-sham-controlled-trial
#18
Katja Kovacic, Keri Hainsworth, Manu Sood, Gisela Chelimsky, Rachel Unteutsch, Melodee Nugent, Pippa Simpson, Adrian Miranda
BACKGROUND: Development of safe and effective therapies for paediatric abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders is needed. A non-invasive, US Food and Drug Administration-cleared device (Neuro-Stim, Innovative Health Solutions, IN, USA) delivers percutaneous electrical nerve field stimulation (PENFS) in the external ear to modulate central pain pathways. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of PENFS in adolescents with abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders...
October 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810423/psychological-factors-addressed-in-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-paediatric-functional-abdominal-pain-which-are-most-important-to-target
#19
Shelley Mc van der Veek, Else de Haan, Hhf Derkx, Marc A Benninga, Frits Boer
The effectiveness of cognitive behaviour therapy for paediatric functional abdominal pain leaves room for improvement. We studied which factors addressed in cognitive behaviour therapy relate most strongly to the physical and psychological functioning of children with functional abdominal pain and are thus most important to target. Questionnaires were filled out by 117 children with functional abdominal pain and their parents. Multiple regression analyses showed that children's passive coping and parental and children's positive cognitions relate to child functioning...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798012/internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-with-pain-related-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-feasibility-study
#20
Maria Lalouni, Brjánn Ljótsson, Marianne Bonnert, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Jens Högström, Eva Serlachius, Ola Olén
BACKGROUND: Pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders (P-FGIDs; eg, irritable bowel syndrome) are highly prevalent in children and associated with low quality of life, anxiety, and school absence. Treatment options are scarce, and there is a need for effective and accessible treatments. Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (Internet-CBT) based on exposure exercises is effective for adult and adolescent irritable bowel syndrome, but it has not been evaluated for younger children...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
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