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children nutrition

Anu Haaramo, Heikki Alapulli, Liisa Aine, Jetta Tuokkola, Ulla Saarnisto, Risto P Roine, Anne Pitkäranta, Kaija-Leena Kolho
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of pediatric patients with Crohn's disease (CD) report oral manifestations, but less is known about their oral health when they become adults. GOALS: Our aim was to provide detailed descriptions of the presence of oral and otorhinolaryngological manifestations in patients with pediatric onset CD once they reached adulthood, to look for predisposing factors and to compare the findings to matched controls. STUDY: Adult patients diagnosed with CD in childhood at the Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki, Finland, after 2000 were invited for a follow-up appointment in 2016 and 24 were examined by a dentist and otorhinolaryngologist...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Aaron J O'Sullivan, Cian O'Mahony, Leo Meunier, Nik Loveridge, Aideen I McKevitt
Children with Phenylketonuria (PKU) and severe cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) consume prescribed, specially formulated, foods for special medical purposes (FSMPs) in addition to having restricted intake of normal foods. These vulnerable patients are exposed to artificial sweeteners from the consumption of a combination of both free and prescribed foods. Young patients with PKU and CMPA aged from 1-3 years have a higher risk of exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI) for sweeteners than age-matched healthy children...
June 18, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Lani Trenouth, Timothy Colbourn, Bridget Fenn, Silke Pietzsch, Mark Myatt, Chloe Puett
Cash-based interventions (CBIs) increasingly are being used to deliver humanitarian assistance and there is growing interest in the cost-effectiveness of cash transfers for preventing undernutrition in emergency contexts. The objectives of this study were to assess the costs, cost-efficiency and cost-effectiveness in achieving nutrition outcomes of three CBIs in southern Pakistan: a 'double cash' (DC) transfer, a 'standard cash' (SC) transfer and a 'fresh food voucher' (FFV) transfer. Cash and FFVs were provided to poor households with children aged 6-48 months for 6 months in 2015...
July 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
Sara Antonio Dimaria, Hélène Schwartz, Christèle Icard-Vernière, Christian Picq, Noël Marie Zagre, Claire Mouquet-Rivier
Adequate complementary foods are needed to help reduce the high prevalence of stunting in children in many Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). We assessed the availability, affordability, and nutrient adequacy of imported and locally produced processed cereal-based blends (PCBBs), marketed as complementary food for young children in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, and Senegal. In total, 19 local producers and 275 points of sale in the four countries were surveyed to evaluate the quantities and accessibility of PCBBs...
June 18, 2018: Nutrients
Bram P Raphael, Christina Hazenkamp, Mihail Samnaliev, Al Ozonoff
BACKGROUND: While previous literature suggests home parenteral nutrition (HPN) dependent children experience frequent complications like community acquired central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI), few studies have characterized the cost. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate institutional cost of community-acquired CLABSI in pediatric HPN patients. METHODS: This is a single center retrospective review of institutional costs for HPN patients with community-acquired CLABSI at a tertiary care children's hospital...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Wilma B Freire, William F Waters, Gabriela Rivas-Mariño, Philippe Belmont
BACKGROUND: The simultaneous presence of undernutrition and over-nutrition represents a paradox in global public health and is of increasing concern in Ecuador, where chronic malnutrition and overweight and obesity occur in the context of demographic and epidemiologic transitions. Two overlapping trends are present in Ecuador; while levels of stunting have decreased slowly in the past three decades, increasing proportions of children <5 years and women of reproductive age suffer from overweight and obesity...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Amanda Haney, Emily Burritt, Christopher J Babbitt
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Children who are critically ill undergo metabolic stress and it is important that they receive adequate calories and protein in order to recover. Our objective was to investigate the impact of early enteral nutrition (EEN) on pediatric intensive care (PICU) patients with acute respiratory failure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on all patients admitted to a 20 bed PICU at a tertiary children's hospital over a 30 month period...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Kursad Aydin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study was designed to assess clinical characteristics and nutritional status of pediatric outpatients with cerebral palsy (CP) and to determine prevalence of malnutrition based on physicians' clinical judgment and on anthropometric data in relation to percentile reference values. METHODS: A total of 1108 pediatric neurology outpatients (mean ± SEM age: 7.2 ± 0.1 years, 59.3% were males) diagnosed with CP were included in this cross-sectional, non-interventional multicenter single-visit study conducted between October 2015 and July 2016 at 20 centers across Turkey...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Chengsi Ong, Yee Hui Mok, Zhen Han Tan, Carey Y S Lim, Bixia Ang, Teng Hong Tan, Yee Jim Loh, Yoke Hwee Chan, Jan Hau Lee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in children is increasing. Yet, little is known about optimal nutritional practices in these children. We aim to describe the nutritional adequacy, factors associated with enteral nutrition, and the association between nutritional adequacy and mortality in children supported on ECMO. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all children (1 month-18 years) requiring ECMO between 2010 and 2016...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Edward Fottrell, Naveed Ahmed, Badrun Nahar, Sanjit Kumer Shaha, Abdul Kuddus, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Tasmin Nahar, Caroline Fall, Clive Osmond, Virginia Govoni, Sarah Finer, Chittaranjan Yajnik, A K Azad Khan, Anthony Costello, Kishwar Azad, Graham A Hitman
BACKGROUND: Women's groups interventions in Bangladesh reduced neonatal deaths by 38% and improved hygienic delivery, newborn care practices and breast feeding. We explore the longer-term impact of exposure to women's groups during pregnancy on child growth at 2-4 years. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of child anthropometric measures (analysed as z-scores) among children born to women who had participated in the women's groups interventions while pregnant, compared with an age-matched and sex-matched sample of children born to control mothers...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Reginald Lee, Lauren Singh, Danielle van Liefde, Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie, Matilda Steiner-Asiedu, Kwesi Saalia, Carly Edwards, Anja Serena, Tamara Hershey, Mark J Manary
Background: The inclusion of milk in school feeding is accepted as good nutritional practice, but specific benefits remain uncertain. Objective: The objective was to determine whether consumption of 8.8 g milk protein/d given as milk powder with a multiple micronutrient-enriched porridge resulted in greater increases in linear growth and Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) scores in Ghanaian schoolchildren when compared with 1 of 3 control groups...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Suzanne D Baxter, Albert F Smith, David B Hitchcock, Kathleen L Collins, Caroline H Guinn, Alyssa L Smith, Christopher J Finney
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey's food insecurity questionnaire was administered to 155 children (77 African American, 65 White, 13 "Other" [7 Hispanic; 6 mixed races]) in grade 4 twice, 28-32 days apart. Test-retest reliabilities were modest and somewhat similar for assessment mode (classroom, interview) and subgroup variables (gender, race, socioeconomic status, academic achievement, body mass index percentile, social desirability). As academic achievement increased, White and Other children reported less food insecurity, and African-American children reported slightly less...
2018: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
Tina Costacou, Jamie Crandell, Anna R Kahkoska, Angela D Liese, Dana Dabelea, Jean M Lawrence, David J Pettitt, Kristi Reynolds, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Amy K Mottl
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association between diet quality and microalbuminuria in youth-onset type 1 diabetes using three indices: a modified Mediterranean diet score for children and adolescents (mKIDMED), the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Youth and young adults from the SEARCH (Search for Diabetes in Youth) Nutrition Ancillary Study diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in 2002-2008, who had repeated dietary assessments at baseline and follow-up visits and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) measured at the outcome visit (2012-2015) ( n = 461), were selected for study...
June 14, 2018: Diabetes Care
Titi Yang, Qian Zhang, Qian Gan, Xiaoqi Hu, Suying Chang, Wenhua Zhao
The "Nutrition Campus "pilot program is based on findings from"Nutritional status and intervention strategy study for urban primary and secondary students". The "Campus nutrition education strategy study in urban primary and secondary students"in Shunyi, Beijing was launched in the first place as a leading part of the pilot program. A total of 12 primary and secondary schools from 8 pilot districts/counties of 8 provinces/cities are involved in the program to prevent and control child malnutrition in all kinds...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Chao Song, Haijun Guo, Weiyan Gong, Yan Zhang, Caicui Ding, Ganyu Feng, Ailing Liu
OBJECTIVE: To describe the status of sedentary activities of the Chinese pupils in the leisure time, and to provide basic information for developing intervention strategies. METHODS: Utilizing the data of 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Surveillance, using the multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling method, a total of 39 242 pupils on sedentary activities including watching TV, using computer, playing computer games, reading and doing homework, was analyzed...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Xiangwu Tan, Jinhui Ma, Fuyuan Xiao, Wei Peng, Yiman Tan, Huxin Huang, Shenglan Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dietary exposure level and health risk of antimony of children and adolescent in Hunan Province. METHODS: The content of antimony of main food were determined. The dietary exposure of children and adolescent from Hunan was calculated according to the weight and intake from Survey Report on Nutrition and Health Status of Chinese Residents Part 10: Nutrition and Health Data in2002 and combing the data of average and the 95% percentile of antimony...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Yugui Dou, Yanling Wang, Wei Sun, Yongqin Cao, Xiaonan Zhu, Jing Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the iodine nutrition and thyroid function of lactatingwomen in different iodine nutrition level of children in Gansu Province, and provide a scientific basis for iodine supplementation. METHODS: Liangzhou district( the median urinary iodine was greater than or equal to 300 g/L), Linze county( the median urinary iodine was from 200 to 299 g/L) and Huating county( the median urinary iodine was from100 to 199 g/L) were selected according to 8-10 years old children urinary iodine in2009...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Lahong Ju, Dongmei Yu, Xiaoli Xu, Qiya Guo, Wentao Yu, Liyun Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the status and variation trend of eggs food intake among Chinese residents. METHODS: Multi-stage cluster randomization sampling method was used to collect data about eggs food intake among residents in 150 surveillance sites of China National Nutrition and Health Survey in 31 provinces of China from 2010 to 2012. Food frequency questionnaire and 24-hours recall for three consecutive days were used to collect information on eggs food consumption of the participants...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Dongmei Yu, Xiaoli Xu, Xiang Gao, Hongyun Fang, Lahong Ju, Haijun Guo, Qiya Guo, Wentao Yu, Fengmei Jia, Liyun Zhao, Wenhua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To describe the mean of systolic blood pressure( SBP), diastolic blood pressure( DBP), and the prevalence of hypertension among 6-17 years old children and adolescents in China in 2010-2012. METHODS: Data was from the China Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. The total number was 35 657 which selected through the method of multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling and probability proportion to size( PPS). The study objects were 6-17 years old childrenand adolescents in 31 Provinces and 150 sites in China Mainland...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Nongnuch Jaichuen, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Bridget Kelly, Vuthiphan Vongmongkol, Sirinya Phulkerd, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
BACKGROUND: Food advertising is a key factor which influences children's food preferences. This study assessed the rates, nutritional quality and contents of food and beverage advertising in children's, youth and family television programmes in Thailand. METHODS: Free TV was recorded for two weeks in March 2014 from six to ten am and three to eight pm on weekends and three to eight pm on weekdays across all four channels; a total of 344 h recorded. Digital TV was recorded across three channels for one week for 24 h per day in October 2014; a total 504 h recorded...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
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