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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457312/update-on-tuberculosis-biomarkers-from-correlates-of-risk-to-correlates-of-active-disease-and-of-cure-from-disease
#1
REVIEW
Delia Goletti, Meng-Rui Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Nicholas Walter, Tom H M Ottenhoff
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a devastating disease, yet despite its enormous toll on global health, tools to control TB are insufficient and often outdated. TB Biomarkers (TB-BM) would constitute extremely useful tools to measure infection status and predict outcome of infection, vaccination or therapy. There are several types of TB-BM: Correlate of Infection; Correlate of TB Disease; Correlate of Increased Risk of Developing Active TB Disease; Correlate of the Curative Response to Therapy; and Correlate of Protection (CoP)...
February 18, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457204/prevention-and-management-of-childhood-obesity
#2
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457002/early-dietary-patterns-and-microbiota-development-still-a-way-to-go-from-descriptive-interactions-to-health-relevant-solutions
#3
REVIEW
Patricia Iozzo, Elena Sanguinetti
Early nutrition and growth in the initial years of life are important determinants of later body weight and metabolic health in humans, and the current epidemic of obesity involving children requires a better understanding of causal and protective mechanisms and components in infant foods. This review focuses on recent evidence implicating feeding modes (e.g., breast milk and formula milk) and dietary transitions toward complementary foods in the progression of microbiota maturation in children. The literature exploring body weight outcomes of microbiota changes induced by diet in early life is limited...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456587/dietary-diversity-and-associated-factors-among-children-of-orthodox-christian-mothers-caregivers-during-the-fasting-season-in-dejen-district-north-west-ethiopia
#4
Gemechu Kumera, Endalkachew Tsedal, Mulatu Ayana
Background: Proper feeding practices during early childhood is fundamental for optimal child growth and development. However, scientific evidences on the determinants of dietary diversity are scanty. Particularly, the impact of fasting on children`s dietary diversity is not explored in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess dietary diversity and associated factors among children aged 6-23 months, whose mothers/care-givers were Orthodox Christians during the fasting season (Lent), in Dejen District, North West Ethiopia, 2016...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455757/federal-nutrition-program-revisions-impact-low-income-households-food-purchases
#5
Shu Wen Ng, Bridget A Hollingsworth, Emily A Busey, Julie L Wandell, Donna R Miles, Jennifer M Poti
INTRODUCTION: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) required major revisions to food packages in 2009; effects on nationwide low-income household purchases remain unexamined. METHODS: This study examines associations between WIC revisions and nutritional profiles of packaged food purchases from 2008 to 2014 among 4,537 low-income households with preschoolers in the U.S. (WIC participating versus nonparticipating) utilizing Nielsen Homescan Consumer Panel data...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455248/are-there-effects-of-age-gender-height-and-body-fat-on-the-functional-muscle-bone-unit-in-children-and-adults
#6
I Duran, K Martakis, S Hamacher, C Stark, O Semler, E Schoenau
The aim was to describe the effect of age, gender, height, different stages of human life, and body fat on the functional muscle-bone unit. All these factors had a significant effect on the functional muscle-bone unit and should be addressed when assessing functional muscle-bone unit in children and adults. INTRODUCTION: For the clinical evaluation of the functional muscle-bone unit, it was proposed to evaluate the adaptation of the bone to the acting forces. A frequently used parameter for this is the total body less head bone mineral content (TBLH-BMC) determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in relation to the lean body mass (LBM by DXA)...
February 17, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454883/obesity-or-diet-levels-and-determinants-of-phthalate-body-burden-a-case-study-on-portuguese-children
#7
Luísa Correia-Sá, Monika Kasper-Sonnenberg, Claudia Pälmke, André Schütze, Sónia Norberto, Conceição Calhau, Valentina F Domingues, Holger M Koch
In this study we analyzed one of the most comprehensive sets of 21 urinary phthalate metabolites representing exposure to 11 parent phthalates (DEP, DMP, DiBP, DnBP, BBzP, DEHP, DiNP, DiDP, DCHP, DnPeP, DnOP) in first morning urine samples of 112 Portuguese children (4-18 years) sampled in 2014/15. The study population consisted of two groups: group 1 with normal weight/underweight children (N = 43) following their regular diet and group 2 with obese/overweight children (N = 69) following a healthy diet (with nutritional counselling)...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454679/the-prevalence-and-etiology-of-extreme-hypertriglyceridemia-in-children-data-from-a-tertiary-children-s-hospital
#8
Nivedita Patni, Xilong Li, Beverley Adams-Huet, Abhimanyu Garg
BACKGROUND: Extreme hypertriglyceridemia (eHTG; serum triglycerides ≥ 2000 mg/dL) poses a significant risk for acute pancreatitis. There is paucity of data regarding the prevalence and etiology of eHTG in children. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, clinical features and etiologies of patients with eHTG at a tertiary children's hospital in the United States and in the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of the electronic medical records of the Children's Medical Center, Dallas, from 2000-2015, and the NHANES data from 2005-2014 for eHTG...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454554/geospatial-inequalities-and-determinants-of-nutritional-status-among-women-and-children-in-afghanistan-an-observational-study
#9
Nadia Akseer, Zaid Bhatti, Taufiq Mashal, Sajid Soofi, Rahim Moineddin, Robert E Black, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition is a pervasive condition in Afghanistan, and prevalence is among the highest in the world. We aimed to comprehensively assess district-level geographical disparities and determinants of nutritional status (stunting, wasting, or underweight) among women and children in Afghanistan. METHODS: The study used individualised data from the recent Afghanistan National Nutrition Survey 2013. Outcome variables were based on growth and weight anthropometry data, which we analysed linearly as Z scores and as dichotomous categories...
February 14, 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454323/autonomy-and-infant-feeding-decision-making-among-teenage-mothers-in-a-rural-and-urban-setting-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#10
Ngcwalisa Amanda Jama, Aurene Wilford, Lyn Haskins, Anna Coutsoudis, Lenore Spies, Christiane Horwood
BACKGROUND: The nutritional status of infants born to teenage mothers can be sub-optimal compared to those born to older mothers. One contributing factor is inappropriate feeding practices adopted by teenage mothers. Little is known about how infant feeding decisions are made among teenage mothers, particularly in under resourced settings. In this study we prospectively explored autonomy and infant feeding decision-making among teenage mothers in a rural and urban setting in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
February 17, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452589/does-additional-support-provided-through-e-mail-or-sms-in-a-web-based-social-marketing-program-improve-children-s-food-consumption-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Natalie Rangelov, Sara Della Bella, Pedro Marques-Vidal, L Suzanne Suggs
BACKGROUND: The FAN Social Marketing program was developed to improve dietary and physical activity habits of families with children in Ticino, Switzerland. The aim of this study was to examine if the effects of the program on children's food intake differed by intervention group. METHODS: Effects of the FAN program were tested through a Randomized Controlled Trial. The program lasted 8 weeks, during which participants received tailored communication about nutrition and physical activity...
February 16, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452134/effect-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-cardiac-function-in-children-with-obesity-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
REVIEW
Charlotte B Ingul, Katrin A Dias, Arnt E Tjonna, Turid Follestad, Mansoureh S Hosseini, Anita S Timilsina, Siri M Hollekim-Strand, Torstein B Ro, Peter S W Davies, Peter A Cain, Gary M Leong, Jeff S Coombes
BACKGROUND: High intensity interval training (HIIT) confers superior cardiovascular health benefits to moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) in adults and may be efficacious for improving diminished cardiac function in obese children. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of HIIT, MICT and nutrition advice interventions on resting left ventricular (LV) peak systolic tissue velocity (S') in obese children. METHODS: Ninety-nine obese children were randomised into one of three 12-week interventions, 1) HIIT [n = 33, 4 × 4 min bouts at 85-95% maximum heart rate (HR max ), 3 times/week] and nutrition advice, 2) MICT [n = 32, 44 mins at 60-70% HR max , 3 times/week] and nutrition advice, and 3) nutrition advice only (nutrition) [n = 34]...
February 13, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451631/-effects-of-saludarte-program-in-feeding-and-nutrition-components-in-school-children-in-mexico-city
#13
Teresa Shamah-Levy, Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Luz María Gómez-Acosta, Ma Del Carmen Morales-Ruan, Ignacio Méndez-Gómez Humarán, Mara Nadiezhda Robles-Villaseñor, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of Education in Nutrition and Food Assistance components of the SaludArte program in participant schools during 2013-2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A three cohort comparative study was used, with two type of follow-up panel structures: a complete panel and a continuous time, with a total of consisting on 1620 scholar children from 144 schools. Information on food intake, feeding behaviors, food preservation and hygiene, physical activity (PI) and anthropometry was registered...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449204/national-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey-of-the-portuguese-general-population-2015-2016-protocol-for-design-and-development
#14
Carla Lopes, Duarte Torres, Andreia Oliveira, Milton Severo, Sofia Guiomar, Violeta Alarcão, Elisabete Ramos, Sara Rodrigues, Sofia Vilela, Luísa Oliveira, Jorge Mota, Pedro J Teixeira, Paulo J Nicola, Simão Soares, Lene Frost Andersen
BACKGROUND: The assessment of food consumption data using harmonized methodologies at the European level is fundamental to support the development of public policies. Portugal is one of the countries with the most outdated information on individual food consumption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the design and methodology of the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2015-2016, developed to collect national and regional data on dietary habits, physical activity (PA), and nutritional status, in a representative sample of the Portuguese general population (3 months-84 years)...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448187/development-of-the-drooling-infants-and-preschoolers-scale-drips-and-reference-charts-for-monitoring-saliva-control-in-children-aged-0-4-years
#15
K van Hulst, L van den Engel-Hoek, A C H Geurts, P H Jongerius, J J W van der Burg, T Feuth, F J A van den Hoogen, C E Erasmus
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a parent questionnaire to quantify drooling severity and frequency in young children (the Drooling Infants and Preschoolers Scale - the DRIPS). To investigate development of saliva control in typically developing young children in the age of 0-4 years. To construct sex-specific reference charts presenting percentile curves for drooling plotted for age to monitor the development of saliva control in infancy and preschool age. STUDY DESIGN: The DRIPS was developed consisting of 20 items to identify severity and frequency of drooling during meaningful daily activities...
February 12, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446842/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-for-outpatient-acquired-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-children-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition
#16
Laura J Wozniak, Hannah M Bechtold, Laurie E Reyen, Alvin P Chan, Elizabeth A Marcus, Jorge H Vargas
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the epidemiology and risk factors for the development of outpatient-acquired catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in children receiving home parenteral nutrition. This study aimed to (1) characterize the incidence, clinical presentation, and epidemiology of CRBSIs and (2) identify risk factors for CRBSIs in children receiving home parenteral nutrition. METHODS: A longitudinal database approved by our Institutional Review Board was created to prospectively track CRBSIs in the UCLA pediatric population from January to December 2012...
February 15, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446218/influence-of-grandparents-on-the-dietary-intake-of-their-2-12-year-old-grandchildren-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Kylie G Young, Kerith Duncanson, Tracy Burrows
AIM: Grandparents are assuming increased child-caregiving responsibilities, which potentially influences the dietary intake of grandchildren. The aim of this systematic review is to determine the influence of grandparental care on the dietary intake, food-related behaviours, food choices and weight status of their preschool and school-aged grandchildren. METHODS: Six electronic health databases were searched in January 2017. Inclusion criteria were publication in English language, peer-reviewed journal between 2000 and 2017; children aged 2-12 years; study outcomes included child dietary intake/weight status, grandparent nutrition knowledge/beliefs or grandparent/parent feeding practices...
February 15, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446037/developing-healthy-food-preferences-in-preschool-children-through-taste-exposure-sensory-learning-and-nutrition-education
#18
REVIEW
Chandani Nekitsing, Marion M Hetherington, Pam Blundell-Birtill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review was undertaken in order to summarize and evaluate recent research investigating taste exposure, sensory learning, and nutrition education interventions for promoting vegetable intake in preschool children. RECENT FINDINGS: Overall, taste exposure interventions yielded the best outcomes for increasing vegetable intake in early childhood. Evidence from sensory learning strategies such as visual exposure and experiential learning also show some success...
February 14, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445980/challenges-and-facilitators-to-promoting-a-healthy-food-environment-and-communicating-effectively-with-parents-to-improve-food-behaviors-of-school-children
#19
Hiershenee B Luesse, Rachel Paul, Heewon L Gray, Pamela Koch, Isobel Contento, Victoria Marsick
Background Childhood obesity is a major public health concern and families play an important role. Improving strategies to reach parents and directing tailored nutrition education to them is needed. Purpose To investigate the challenges and facilitators to promoting a healthy environment at home and to identify communication preferences to inform intervention strategies for effectively reaching low-income urban minority families. Procedure Semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with four groups involving 16 low-income urban parents (94% female; 88% Hispanic/Latino, 12% African American) of elementary school children...
February 14, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444780/the-possible-link-between-coeliac-and-kawasaki-diseases-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Alessandra Dos Santos Domingues, Nicole Selleski, Rosa Harumi Uenishi, Cristina Medeiros Ribeiro de Magalhães, Lenora Gandolfi, Claudia B Pratesi
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a self-limited acute systemic vasculitis of unknown aetiology that predominantly affects infants and young children eventually associated with immunological abnormalities. Coeliac disease (CD) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease characterised by a permanent gluten intolerance, which affects genetically susceptible individuals of any age group, and can cause intestinal and systemic symptoms. Association of CD with KD has been previously described in a single study that disclosed a surprisingly high prevalence of CD in children with a history of KD...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
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