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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213608/trends-in-anthropometric-measures-among-us-children-6-to-23-months-1976-2014
#1
Lara J Akinbami, Brian K Kit, Margaret D Carroll, Tala H I Fakhouri, Cynthia L Ogden
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The surveillance of children's growth reflects a population's nutritional status and risk for adverse outcomes. This study aimed to describe trends in length-for-age, weight-for-age, weight-for-length, and early childhood weight gain among US children aged 6 to 23 months. METHODS: We analyzed NHANES data from 1976-1980, 1988-1994, 1999-2002, 2003-2006, 2007-2010, and 2011-2014. We estimated z scores < -2 (low) and ≥+2 (high) in comparison with World Health Organization growth standards for each indicator...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213594/brighter-children-the-association-between-seasonality-of-birth-and-child-iq-in-a-population-based-birth-cohort
#2
Nina H Grootendorst-van Mil, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Albert Hofman, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: Season of birth has repeatedly been found to be a risk indicator for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Several explanations for this finding have been put forward but no conclusion has been reached. In the current study, we explored the role of sociodemographic and biological factors in the association between season of birth and child IQ. DESIGN: In a prenatally recruited birth cohort (born in 2002-2006), we examined the association between season of birth and non-verbal IQ at age 6 years among 6034 children...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209661/non-topical-management-of-recalcitrant-paediatric-atopic-dermatitis
#3
REVIEW
Jin Ho Chong, Mark Jean Aan Koh
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic, pruritic skin disease in children. As the incidence of AD increases, especially in high-income countries, paediatricians may see an increasing number of recalcitrant AD cases in their practice. Although these cases are principally managed by paediatric dermatologists, it is important for paediatricians to be aware of the use and side effects of non-topical treatment like phototherapy and systemic agents as well as the evidence for alternative treatment, which caregivers may ask about...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209419/a-safety-and-pharmacokinetic-dosing-study-of-glucagon-like-peptide-2-in-infants-with-intestinal-failure
#4
David L Sigalet, Mary E Brindle, Dana Boctor, Bryan Dicken, Viona Lam, Lily Sia Lu, Elaine de Heuvel, Bolette Hartmann, Jens J Holst
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) analogues are approved for adults with intestinal failure (IF), but no studies have included infants. This study examined the pharmacokinetics (PK), safety, and nutritional effects of GLP-2 in infants with IF. METHODS: With parental consent (Health Canada Protocol:150,979), parenteral nutrition (PN)-dependent infants were treated with 5-20-μg/kg/day GLP-2 for 3days (phase 1), and if tolerated continued for 42days (phase 2)...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209154/factors-associated-with-child-hunger-among-food-insecure-households-in-bangladesh
#5
Md Ahshanul Haque, Fahmida Dil Farzana, Sabiha Sultana, Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Jillian L Waid, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Hunger is associated with food insecurity at the household level and is considered as a global public health problem with long term adverse consequences on children's health. This study aims to determine the factors associated with child hunger from a nationally representative sample in Bangladesh among food insecure households. METHODS: Data was derived from the Food Security and Nutritional Surveillance Project; 14,712 children aged 6-59 months belonging to food insecure households contributed to the analysis...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208962/the-effect-of-nutritional-status-on-outcome-of-hospitalization-in-paediatric-liver-disease-patients
#6
Yasmeen Mansi, Shereen Abdel Ghaffar, Shaymaa Sayed, Hanaa El-Karaksy
INTRODUCTION: Liver is an important organ for metabolism. It has a major role in integrating the various biochemical pathways of metabolism. Thus, children with chronic liver disease are at high risk for developing undernutrition, with important prognostic implications. AIM: To evaluate the nutritional status of hospitalized paediatric liver disease patients and its effect on outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analysed the nutritional status of 59 consecutive patients during their first 24 hours of admission, at the Hepatology Unit, using the following indices: weight/age, height/age, weight/height, Body Mass Index (BMI), arm circumference and triceps skinfold, subcapular skinfold, and mid upper arm circumference...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208814/adequacy-of-usual-vitamin-and-mineral-intake-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents-enalia-study
#7
Ana M López-Sobaler, Aránzazu Aparicio, Liliana G González-Rodríguez, Esther Cuadrado-Soto, Josefa Rubio, Victoria Marcos, Rosa Sanchidrián, Sara Santos, Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Marian Ángeles Dal Re, Carmen Villar, Teresa Robledo, J Javier Castrodeza, Rosa M Ortega
Background: The National Dietary Survey on the Child and Adolescent Population in Spain (ENALIA) provides data to assess the usual micronutrient intake among Spanish infants, children, and adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional survey (November 2012-July 2014) of a representative sample of Spanish children and adolescents (six months-17 years) (n = 1862). Dietary information was collected using two non-consecutive one-day food diaries (six months-10 years old) or two 24 h dietary recalls (11 years and older) separated by at least 14 days...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208596/impact-of-early-nutrition-on-body-composition-in-children-aged-9-5-years-born-with-extremely-low-birth-weight
#8
Sonja Stutte, Bettina Gohlke, Annika Peiler, Felix Schreiner, Mark Born, Peter Bartmann, Joachim Woelfle
To evaluate body composition, metabolism and growth as well as their interaction with early nutrition in former extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW), we assessed qualitative and quantitative nutritional intake during initial hospitalization and infantile growth parameters in 61 former ELBW infants with a birth weight <1000 g. In two follow-up exams, physical and biochemical development were measured at 5.7 and at 9.5 years. At the second follow-up, in addition to biochemical reassessment, body composition was analyzed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
February 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207960/improving-nutritional-practices-in-premature-infants-can-increase-their-growth-velocity-and-the-breastfeeding-rates
#9
Salvador Piris Borregas, María López Maestro, María José Torres Valdivieso, José Carlos Martínez Ávila, Gerardo Bustos Lozano, Carmen Rosa Pallás Alonso
AIM: This study analysed the changes in growth velocity (GV) of preterm infants weighing less than 1,500g based on different nutritional practices over a 24-year period. METHODS: A retrospective study with prospectively collected data was performed in a level three Spanish neonatal intensive care unit. Data on birth weight, gestational age (GA) and GV were collected from 1990 to 2013 and breastfeeding data was gathered from 2000. A generalised linear model corrected by GA and small for gestational age was applied...
February 16, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207894/factors-influencing-feeding-practices-of-extreme-poor-infants-and-young-children-in-families-of-working-mothers-in-dhaka-slums-a-qualitative-study
#10
Ashraful Kabir, Mathilde Rose Louise Maitrot
BACKGROUND: Nutritional status differs between infants and young children living in slum and non-slum conditions-infants and young children living in City Corporation slums are likely to have worse nutritional status compared to those from non-slums. Furthermore, families in slums tend to engage female labor in cash-earning activities as a survival strategy; hence, a higher percentage of mothers stay at work. However, little is known about feeding practices for infants and young children in families with working mothers in slums...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207797/mutation-increasing-%C3%AE-carotene-concentrations-does-not-adversely-affect-concentrations-of-essential-mineral-elements-in-pepper-fruit
#11
Nasya B Tomlekova, Philip J White, Jacqueline A Thompson, Emil A Penchev, Stephan Nielen
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are prevalent in human populations throughout the world. Vitamin A deficiency affects hundreds of millions of pre-school age children in low income countries. Fruits of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) can be a major dietary source of precursors to Vitamin A biosynthesis, such as β-carotene. Recently, pepper breeding programs have introduced the orange-fruited (of) trait of the mutant variety Oranzheva kapiya, which is associated with high fruit β-carotene concentrations, to the mutant variety Albena...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207774/association-between-the-infant-and-child-feeding-index-icfi-and-nutritional-status-of-6-to-35-month-old-children-in-rural-western-china
#12
Pengfei Qu, Baibing Mi, Duolao Wang, Ruo Zhang, Jiaomei Yang, Danmeng Liu, Shaonong Dang, Hong Yan
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between the quality of feeding practices and children's nutritional status in rural western China. METHODS: A sample of 12,146 pairs of 6- to 35-month-old children and their mothers were recruited using stratified multistage cluster random sampling in rural western China. Quantile regression was used to analyze the relationship between the Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI) and children's nutritional status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207682/quickstats-percentage-of-total-daily-kilocalories-%C3%A2-consumed-from-sugar-sweetened-beverages-%C3%A2-among-children-and-adults-by-sex-and-income-level-%C3%A2-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-united-states-2011-2014
#13
(no author information available yet)
During 2011-2014, on average, 7.3% of boys' and 7.2% of girls' total daily calories were obtained from SSBs compared with 6.9% for men and 6.1% for women. For men, women, and girls, the percentage of total daily kilocalories from SSBs declined as income level increased. For boys, the percentage of total daily kilocalories was lower for those in the highest income group than in the other income groups. Compared with women, a larger proportion of men's total daily kilocalorie intake came from SSBs.
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205733/p-17-incidence-of-malnutrition-in-children-with-ea-tef-and-the-role-of-a-multidisciplinary-clinic-in-improving-feeding-and-nutritional-outcomes
#14
J M Menzies, J H Hughes, C C Clarkson, V V Varjavandi, A J Jiwane, S A Adams, C W Wu, M S Soma, Y B Belessis, U K Krishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202096/potential-in-class-strategies-to-increase-children-s-vegetable-consumption
#15
Gemma Sharp, Simone Pettigrew, Shannon Wright, Iain S Pratt, Sally Blane, Nicole Biagioni
OBJECTIVE: The Crunch&Sip programme is a school-based nutrition initiative designed to increase the fruit, vegetable and water intakes of primary-school children. In recognition of the notable deficits in children's vegetable consumption, the present study explored the receptivity of school staff to a realignment of the Crunch&Sip programme to feature a primary focus on vegetable consumption. This involved investigating school staff members' perceptions of relevant barriers, motivators and facilitators...
February 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199319/development-of-food-photographs-for-use-with-children-aged-18-months-to-16-years-comparison-against-weighed-food-diaries-the-young-person-s-food-atlas-uk
#16
Emma Foster, Adrian Hawkins, Karen L Barton, Elaine Stamp, John N S Matthews, Ashley J Adamson
Traditional dietary assessment methods, used in the UK, such as weighed food diaries impose a large participant burden, often resulting in difficulty recruiting representative samples and underreporting of energy intakes. One approach to reducing the burden placed on the participant is to use portion size assessment tools to obtain an estimate of the amount of food consumed, removing the need to weigh all foods. An age range specific food atlas was developed for use in assessing children's dietary intakes. The foods selected and portion sizes depicted were derived from intakes recorded during the UK National Diet and Nutrition Surveys of children aged 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196620/evaluation-of-online-and-in-person-nutrition-education-related-to-salt-knowledge-and-behaviors-among-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-participants
#17
Lauren E Au, Shannon E Whaley, Klara Gurzo, Martha Meza, Nila J Rosen, Lorrene D Ritchie
BACKGROUND: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) differs from other federal nutrition programs in that nutrition education is a required component. WIC programs traditionally provide in-person education, but recently some WIC sites have started offering online education. Education focused on reducing salt intake is an important topic for WIC participants because a high-sodium diet has been associated with high blood pressure, and low-income populations are at increased risk...
February 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196327/food-parenting-practices-and-their-association-with-child-nutrition-risk-status-comparing-mothers-and-fathers
#18
Jessica Charlotte Watterworth, Joy Miranda Mackay, Andrea C Buchholz, Gerarda Darlington, Janis A Randall Simpson, David W L Ma, Jess Haines
In Canada, little is known about how food parenting practices are associated with young children's dietary intakes and no studies have examined food parenting practices of Canadian fathers. This study aimed to examine associations between food parenting practices and preschool-age children's nutrition risk. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 31 two-parent families; 31 mothers, 31 fathers and 40 preschool-age children. Parents completed an adapted version of the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire...
February 14, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194269/erratum-child-health-promotion-program-in-south-korea-in-collaboration-with-us-national-aeronautics-and-space-administration-improvement-in-dietary-and-nutrition-knowledge-of-young-children
#19
Hyunjung Lim, JiEun Kim, Jungwon Min, Nubia A Carvajal, Charles W Lloyd, Youfa Wang
[This corrects the article on p. 555 in vol. 10, PMID: 27698964.].
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194268/filipino-women-s-diet-and-health-study-filwhel-design-and-methods
#20
Grace P Abris, Sangmo Hong, Sherlyn Mae P Provido, Jung Eun Lee, Chang Beom Lee
BACKGROUND: Immigration to South Korea from neighboring Asian countries has risen dramatically, primarily due to marriage between Korean men and foreign women. Although Filipino women rank fourth among married immigrant women, little is known about the health condition of this population. This manuscript focuses on the design and methods of Filipino women's diet and health study (FiLWHEL). SUBJECTS/METHODS: FiLWHEL is a cohort of Filipino women married to Korean men, aged 19 years old or over...
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
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