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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923526/the-effect-of-intradialytic-intralipid-therapy-in-pediatric-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Orly Haskin, Scott M Sutherland, Cynthia J Wong
OBJECTIVE: Growth of children on maintenance hemodialysis is poor. Oral nutritional supplements are the preferred way to augment nutrition; however, many children have difficulties adhering to prescribed oral supplements. In our unit, we have been utilizing intralipid (IL) therapy as nutritional supplement during hemodialysis sessions. The aim of this study was to assess the safety, efficacy, and benefits of intradialytic IL therapy. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922335/nutritional-rickets-around-the-world-an-update
#2
Ana L Creo, Tom D Thacher, John M Pettifor, Mark A Strand, Philip R Fischer
Worldwide, nutritional rickets continues to be an evolving problem with several causes. This paper provides an updated literature review characterising the prevalence, aetiology, pathophysiology and treatment of nutritional rickets worldwide. A systematic review of articles on nutritional rickets from various geographical regions was undertaken. For each region, key information was extracted, including prevalence, cause of rickets specific to the region, methods of confirming the diagnosis and current treatment and preventive measures...
December 6, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922230/consensus-statement-on-diagnosis-treatment-and-follow-up-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-among-infants-and-children-in-turkey
#3
Aydan Kansu, Aysel Yüce, Buket Dalgıç, Bülent Enis Şekerel, Fügen Çullu-Çokuğraş, Haluk Çokuğraş
The present paper aims to provide experts' consensus on diagnosis and management of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) among infants and children in Turkey, based on review of available evidence-based guidelines, publications and experts' clinical experience. The experts agreed that CMPA diagnosis should be based on symptomatic evaluation and diagnostic elimination diet as followed by implementation of an open challenge test after disappearance of symptoms and confirmation of CMPA diagnosis in re-appearance of symptoms...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922188/oral-health-status-of-children-in-los-angeles-county-and-in-the-united-states-1999-2004
#4
Bruce A Dye, Clemencia M Vargas, Cheryl D Fryar, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Robert Isman
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain and compare the oral health status and related sociodemographic risk indicators in children in Los Angeles (LA) County with children in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 were used to calculate prevalence estimates for children aged 2-13 years living in LA County and in the United States. Sociodemographic indicators were evaluated using multiple logistic regression modeling...
December 6, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921381/cost-analysis-of-the-treatment-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-west-africa
#5
Sheila Isanaka, Nicolas A Menzies, Jessica Sayyad, Mudasiru Ayoola, Rebecca F Grais, Stéphane Doyon
We present an updated cost analysis to provide new estimates of the cost of providing community-based treatment for severe acute malnutrition, including expenditure shares for major cost categories. We calculated total and per child costs from a provider perspective. We categorized costs into three main activities (outpatient treatment, inpatient treatment, and management/administration) and four cost categories within each activity (personnel; therapeutic food; medical supplies; and infrastructure and logistical support)...
December 5, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921373/association-between-the-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-children-and-factors-related-to-their-mothers
#6
B-M Shin, D-Y Park
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between the socio-economic, behavioural, psychological and oral health status factors of Korean mothers with the status of dental caries in their children using nationwide representative data from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Children were categorized into child (CG, 6-11 years) and adolescent (AG, 12-18 years) groups. Responses from both the child and his/her mother were included in the analysis...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920640/intussuscepting-ampullary-adenoma-an-unusual-cause-of-gastric-outlet-obstruction-leading-to-cavitating-lung-lesions
#7
Simon J McCluney, Vickna Balarajah, Alex Giakoustidis, Joanne Chin-Aleong, Bryony Lovett, Hemant M Kocher
Ampullary adenomas are a rare clinical entity, occurring at a rate of 0.04-0.12% in the general population. They are premalignant lesions which have the capability to progress to malignancy, and they should be excised if they are causing immediate symptoms and/or are likely to degenerate to carcinoma. Intestinal intussusception in adults is rare and, unlike in children, is often due to a structural pathology. Intussuscepting duodenal/ampullary adenomas have been reported in the literature on 13 previous occasions, however never before with this presentation...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919439/associations-between-physical-activity-and-semen-quality-in-young-healthy-men
#8
Paweł Jóźków, Marek Mędraś, Felicja Lwow, Aleksandra Zagrodna, Małgorzata Słowińska-Lisowska
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the level of everyday physical activity is associated with semen quality in young men. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Universities, clubs, and societies. PATIENT(S): Young healthy men (aged 18-35 years) with unknown fertility (n = 177). INTERVENTIONS(S): Collection of data on medical history, lifestyle factors (physical activity, nutrition, addictions), and environmental threats (exposure of gonads to cellular phones, laptops)...
December 2, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917962/human-and-animal-health-surveys-among-pastoralists
#9
E Schelling, H Greter, H Kessely, M F Abakar, B N Ngandolo, L Crump, B Bold, J Kasymbekov, Z Baljinnyam, G Fokou, J Zinsstag, B Bonfoh, J Hattendorf, M Béchir
Valid human and livestock health surveys, including longitudinal follow-up, are feasible among mobile pastoralists and provide fundamental information to agencies for interventions that are responsive to realities and effective in addressing the needs of pastoralists. However, pastoralists are often excluded from studies, surveillance systems and health programmes. The occurrence of preventable and treatable diseases such as perinatal tetanus, measles and tuberculosis are indicative of limited access to health providers and information...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917623/impact-of-ige-mediated-food-allergy-on-parental-quality-of-life-in-iranian-patients
#10
Seyed Mohammad Fathi, Marzieh Tavakol, Nima Rezaei, Masoud Movahedi, Asghar Aghamohammadi, Mansoureh Shariat, Bamdad Sadeghi, Nasrin Behniafard, Behzad Darabi, Alireza Hajikhani, Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Mohammad Gharagozlou
Food allergy is a common disorder especially in the first years of life. Strict avoidance of the responsible food is the most effective therapeutic measure so far. But this continuous vigilance could be stressful for the patient and family and decreases their quality of life (QOL). This survey was designed to evaluate the impact of IgE-mediated food allergy on parental QOL in Iranian patients and to develop a valid Persian version of "Food Allergy Quality Of Life- Parental Burden (FAQL-PB) questionnaire". 90 patients (28 females, 62 males) and their parents who were referred to the clinic of Allergy in Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran were enrolled...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917488/re-aim-analysis-of-a-school-based-nutrition-education-intervention-in-kindergarteners
#11
Andrew L Larsen, Yue Liao, Janel Alberts, Jimi Huh, Trina Robertson, Genevieve F Dunton
BACKGROUND: Few nutrition interventions in kindergarten classes have been evaluated, and none has been tested for program effectiveness, implementation, and dissemination. Building a Healthy Me (BHM) is a nutrition intervention for kindergarteners that is classroom-based and includes a family component. This study evaluated the public health impact of BHM in California kindergarten classrooms using the RE-AIM (reach, efficacy, adoption, implementation, and maintenance) framework. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design assessed pre-to-post changes in nutrition knowledge, dietary consumption, and parent behaviors of 25 intervention classrooms (414 students, 264 parents); and postintervention differences in nutrition knowledge between the intervention classrooms and 4 control classrooms measured at postintervention only (103 students)...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916873/the-effect-of-low-dose-iron-and-zinc-intake-on-child-micronutrient-status-and-development-during-the-first-1000-days-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Nicolai Petry, Ibironke Olofin, Erick Boy, Moira Donahue Angel, Fabian Rohner
Adequate supply of micronutrients during the first 1000 days is essential for normal development and healthy life. We aimed to investigate if interventions administering dietary doses up to the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) of iron and zinc within the window from conception to age 2 years have the potential to influence nutritional status and development of children. To address this objective, a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and quasi-randomized fortification, biofortification, and supplementation trials in women (pregnant and lactating) and children (6-23 months) delivering iron or zinc in doses up to the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) levels was conducted...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916550/bmi-fails-to-identify-poor-nutritional-status-in-stunted-children-with-cf
#13
Michael W Konstan, David J Pasta, Jeffrey S Wagener, Donald R VanDevanter, Wayne J Morgan
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) is currently emphasized for evaluating nutritional status in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Weight for age (WFA) and height for age (HFA) may get less attention. METHODS: Data from the Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis were used to compare patient WFA, HFA, and BMI percentiles for children age 2 to 18years. RESULTS: For children with BMI between the 25th and 50th percentiles, 16.8% had WFA <10th percentile and 26...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914913/vitamin-fortified-snack-food-may-lead-consumers-to-make-poor-dietary-decisions
#14
Linda Verrill, Dallas Wood, Sheryl Cates, Amy Lando, Yuanting Zhang
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) fortification policy discourages the fortification of certain foods, including sugars and snack foods such as cookies, candies, cakes, chips, and carbonated beverages, yet manufacturers sometimes add vitamins and minerals to snack foods. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether vitamin-fortified snack foods affect consumers' information-seeking, purchase decisions, and product-related health perceptions. DESIGN: For this experimental study, participants were randomly assigned to study conditions to compare products that varied in product type, nutrition profile, and fortification and nutrient claim status...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913773/pediatric-nutrition-assessment-anthropometrics-to-zinc
#15
Kelly Green Corkins, Erin E Teague
Pediatric patients with chronic illnesses or diseases or who require long-term nutrition support are most vulnerable to nutrition-related issues. Malnutrition in a pediatric patient may negatively affect long-term growth and development. Children also become malnourished much more quickly than adults. A comprehensive nutrition assessment that includes food and nutrition-related history, anthropometric measurements, biochemical data, medical tests and procedures, nutrition-focused physical findings, and patient history should be completed on these patients as no one parameter is a comprehensive indicator of nutrition status...
December 2, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913247/vitamin-d-insufficiency-and-asthma-in-a-us-nationwide-study
#16
Yueh-Ying Han, Erick Forno, Juan C Celedón
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency (a serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D level of <30 ng/mL) has been associated with asthma morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To examine vitamin D insufficiency, asthma, and lung function among US children and adults. METHODS: Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2001 to 2010, we examined vitamin D insufficiency and (1) current asthma or wheeze in 10,860 children (6-17 years) and 24,115 adults (18-79 years) and (2) lung function in a subset of participants...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912975/patient-reported-swedish-nationwide-outcomes-of-children-and-adolescents-with-total-colonic-aganglionosis
#17
Pernilla Stenström, Matilda Brautigam, Helena Borg, Christina Graneli, Helene Engstrand Lilja, Tomas Wester
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the nationwide outcome of children with total colonic aganglionosis (TCA) during the last 20years. METHODS: This was an observational, cross-sectional study where all patients with TCA, including aganglionosis of 0-50cm of ileum, born in Sweden 1995-2014 were included. Data were collected from the medical records. Patients >4years old without stoma answered a questionnaire regarding bowel function (bowel function score, BFS, score 1-20), medical treatment and nutrition...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912974/pulmonary-function-and-nutritional-morbidity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#18
Beth Haliburton, Marialena Mouzaki, Monping Chiang, Vikki Scaini, Margaret Marcon, Wenming Duan, David Wilson, Priscilla Pl Chiu, Theo J Moraes
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common among congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors and may result from elevated respiratory effort. We evaluated body mass index (BMI), measured resting energy expenditure (mREE) and pulmonary function test (PFT) results in children and adolescents with CDH to determine if there is a correlation. METHODS: With ethics approval (REB# 1000035323), anthropometrics, indirect calorimetry (IC) results and PFTs were collected from patients 5-17years of age during CDH clinic visits between 2000 and 2016...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912766/non-random-distribution-of-child-undernutrition-in-ethiopia-spatial-analysis-from-the-2011-ethiopia-demographic-and-health-survey
#19
Zewdie Aderaw Alemu, Ahmed Ali Ahmed, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Belay Simanie Birhanu
BACKGROUND: Child undernutrition showed geographical inequalities due to variations in contextual determinants from area to area which indicates that location is an important factor in child undernutrition. However, there are limited studies on spatial epidemiology of child undernutrition in Ethiopia. This study was aimed to identify the SaTScan spatial clusters of child undernutrition in Ethiopia. METHODS: Nutritional indices of children (0-59 months) with Global Positioning System (GPS) location data were accessed from the 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) after getting permission from the MEASURES Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) Program...
December 3, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912741/impact-of-a-school-based-intervention-on-nutritional-education-and-physical-activity-in-primary-public-schools-in-chile-kind-programme-study-protocol-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Nelly Bustos, Sonia Olivares, Bárbara Leyton, Marcelo Cano, Cecilia Albala
BACKGROUND: Chile has suffered a fast increase in childhood obesity in the last 10 years. As a result, several school programmes have been implemented, however the effectiveness of these needs to be evaluated to identify and prioritize strategies to curve this trend. METHODS: Cluster randomized controlled trial. Twelve primary public schools chosen at random over three regions of the country will take part in this study. The sample size consisted of a total of 1,655 children...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
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