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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232668/revised-reference-values-for-the-intake-of-sodium-and-chloride
#1
Daniela Strohm, Angela Bechthold, Sabine Ellinger, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Peter Stehle, Helmut Heseker
BACKGROUND: In January 2017, the nutrition societies of -Germany, Austria and Switzerland revised the reference values for sodium and chloride intake. METHODS: For adults, the estimated value for sodium intake was derived on the basis of a balance study. The estimated values for children and adolescents were extrapolated from this estimated value considering differences in body mass. For infants aged 0 to under 4 months, an estimated value was set based on the sodium intake via breast milk...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232413/determinants-of-dietary-diversity-and-the-potential-role-of-men-in-improving-household-nutrition-in-tanzania
#2
Justus Ochieng, Victor Afari-Sefa, Philipo Joseph Lukumay, Thomas Dubois
Good nutrition is a prerequisite for a healthy and active life, especially for agriculture-dependent households. However, diets in most households in Tanzania lack diversity because the intake of meat, poultry, fish, and vegetables and fruits is low. This study estimates factors influencing dietary diversity of the household, children under five years, and women using primary survey data. It qualitatively assesses male dietary patterns and men's potential role in improving the nutritional status of the entire household...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232072/child-nutrition-programs-flexibilities-for-milk-whole-grains-and-sodium-requirements-interim-final-rule
#3
(no author information available yet)
This interim final rule extends through school year 2018-2019 three menu planning flexibilities currently available to many Child Nutrition Program operators, giving them near-term certainty about Program requirements and more local control to serve nutritious and appealing meals to millions of children nationwide. These flexibilities include: Providing operators the option to offer flavored, low-fat (1 percent fat) milk in the Child Nutrition Programs; extending the State agencies' option to allow individual school food authorities to include grains that are not whole grain-rich in the weekly menu offered under the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program (SBP); and retaining Sodium Target 1 in the NSLP and SBP...
November 30, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230952/children-tolerate-intradialytic-oral-nutrition
#4
Andrew M South, Bonnie Fainman, Scott M Sutherland, Cynthia J Wong
BACKGROUND: People undergoing haemodialysis (HD) often have poor nutrition, which in turn can contribute to worse outcomes. Inadequate nutrition has a particularly deleterious effect on growth and neurocognitive development, as well as mortality, in children and adolescents. Nutritional supplementation can improve outcomes but can be difficult to administer. OBJECTIVE: Determine the tolerability of intradialytic oral nutrition in children and adolescents. DESIGN: A cross-sectional quality improvement study in an outpatient paediatric HD unit...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230079/development-of-a-food-composition-database-to-monitor-changes-in-packaged-foods-and-beverages
#5
Jennifer M Poti, Emily Yoon, Bridget Hollingsworth, Jessica Ostrowski, Julie Wandell, Donna R Miles, Barry M Popkin
In order to monitor nutritional changes in the US food supply and assess potential impact on individual dietary intake, an approach was developed to enhance existing standard food composition tables with time-varying product- and brand-specific information for barcoded packaged foods. A "Crosswalk" was formed between barcoded products and USDA foodcodes in a time-specific manner, such that sales-weighted average nutritional profiles were generated for each foodcode based on corresponding products (275,000 to 350,000 per 2-year cycle)...
December 2017: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229232/dyslipidemia-in-children-with-arterial-ischemic-stroke-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#6
Sally Sultan, Michael Dowling, Adam Kirton, Gabrielle DeVeber, Alexandra Linds, Mitchell S V Elkind
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for pediatric stroke are poorly understood and require study to improve prevention. Total cholesterol and triglyceride values peak to near-adult levels before puberty, a period of increased stroke incidence. The role of lipids in childhood arterial ischemic stroke has been minimally investigated. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of lipid and Lp(a) concentrations in children with arterial ischemic stroke in the International Pediatric Stroke Study to compare the prevalence of dyslipidemia and high- or low-ranking lipid values in our dataset with reported population values...
October 10, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229170/care-of-the-pediatric-patient-on-chronic-dialysis
#7
REVIEW
Annabelle N Chua, Bradley A Warady
Optimal care of the pediatric end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patient on chronic dialysis is complex and requires multidisciplinary care as well as patient/caregiver involvement. The dialysis team, along with the family and patient, should all play a role in choosing the dialysis modality which best meets the patient's needs, taking into account special considerations and management issues that may be particularly pertinent to children who receive peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis. Meticulous attention to dialysis adequacy in terms of solute and fluid removal, as well as to a variety of clinical manifestations of ESRD, including anemia, growth and nutrition, chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder, cardiovascular health, and neurocognitive development, is essential...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228022/can-conditional-cash-transfers-improve-the-uptake-of-nutrition-interventions-and-household-food-security-evidence-from-odisha-s-mamata-scheme
#8
Kalyani Raghunathan, Suman Chakrabarti, Rasmi Avula, Sunny S Kim
There is considerable global evidence on the effectiveness of cash transfers in improving health and nutrition outcomes; however, the evidence from South Asia, particularly India, is limited. In the context of India where more than a third of children are undernourished, and where there is considerable under-utilization of health and nutrition interventions, it is opportune to investigate the impact of cash transfer programs on the use of interventions. We study one conditional cash transfer program, Mamata scheme, implemented in the state of Odisha, in India that targeted pregnant and lactating women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227461/population-pharmacokinetics-of-lopinavir-in-severely-malnourished-hiv-infected-children-and-the-effect-on-treatment-outcomes
#9
Moherndran Archary, Helen Mcllleron, Raziya Bobat, Phillip La Russa, Thobekile Sibaya, Lubbe Wiesner, Stefanie Hennig
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, malnutrition remains a common clinical syndrome at antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation. Physiological changes due to malnutrition and during nutritional recovery could affect the pharmacokinetics of antiretroviral drugs. METHODS: HIV-infected children admitted with severe acute malnutrition were randomised to early or delayed initiation of lopinavir/ritonavir, abacavir and lamivudine using WHO weight-band dosage charts...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226590/dheas-patterning-across-childhood-in-three-sub-saharan-populations-associations-with-age-sex-ethnicity-and-cortisol
#10
Courtney Helfrecht, Edward H Hagen, David DeAvila, Robin M Bernstein, Samuel J Dira, Courtney L Meehan
OBJECTIVES: Hormones have many roles in human ontogeny, including the timing of life history 'switch points' across development. Limited hormonal data exist from non-Western children, leaving a significant gap in our understanding of the diversity of life history patterning. This cross-sectional study examines dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) production in relation to age, sex, ethnicity, and cortisol concentrations, as well as average age of adrenarche, among Aka and Ngandu children of the Central African Republic and Sidama children of Ethiopia...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225195/strengthening-integration-of-clinical-and-public-health-systems-to-prevent-maternal-child-obesity-in-the-first-1-000days-a-collective-impact-approach
#11
Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Sarah Matathia, Etna Tiburcio, Meghan E Perkins, Brianna Roche, Milton Kotelchuck, Derri Shtasel, Sarah N Price, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: Obesity interventions may be most effective if they begin in the earliest stages of life, support changes across family, clinical, and public health systems, and address socio-contextual factors. METHODS: The First 1000Days is a systematic program starting in early pregnancy lasting through the first 24months of infancy to prevent obesity among low-income mother-infant pairs in three community health centers in Massachusetts. The program uses a Collective Impact approach to create the infrastructure for sustained, system-wide changes for obesity prevention across early life clinical and public health services, including Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Adult Medicine, Behavioral Health, Nutrition, Community Health, the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program, and the Maternal, Infant and Childhood Home Visiting program...
December 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224576/using-structural-equation-modelling-to-assess-factors-influencing-children-s-growth-and-nutrition-in-rural-china
#12
Zixi Cheng, Ling Shi, Ying Li, Yan Wang, Jingxu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Children's poor growth and nutrition status has serious consequences and therefore it is important to understand its contributing factors. DESIGN: A community-based interventional study focusing on child feeding was conducted in a rural community in China. Data from the intervention group at baseline (1-4 months of age) and follow-up visits (12 and 18 months of age) were used in the present study (n 236). A structural equation model was generated to explore the effects of family wealth, household food safety, dietary intake, diseases and other factors on the growth and nutrition of young children...
December 11, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223777/child-care-centre-adherence-to-infant-physical-activity-and-screen-time-recommendations-in-australia-canada-and-the-united-states-an-observational-study
#13
Lyndel Hewitt, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Valerie Carson, Rebecca M Stanley, Ian Janssen, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adherence to physical activity and sedentary behaviour recommendations within the 2011 Institute of Medicine Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies as well as screen time recommendations from the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics for samples of infants in child care centres in Australia, Canada, and the United States (US). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from: the Australian 2013 Standing Preschools (N=9) and the 2014-2017 Early Start Baseline (N=22) studies; the 2011 Canadian Healthy Living Habits in Pre-School Children study (N=14); and the American 2008 (N=31) and 2013-2017 (N=31) Baby Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) trials...
December 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223314/child-physical-abuse-non-anemic-iron-deficiency-and-behavior-problems
#14
Naixue Cui, Xiaopeng Ji, Jianghong Liu
PURPOSE: Child abuse is regarded as a life-course social determinant of health problems. However, little is known about the nutritional status of physically abused children and their cumulative effect on child behavior. The present study aimed to examine the non-anemic iron deficiency status of abused children and the combined effect of physical abuse and non-anemic iron deficiency on child behavior in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 314 children aged 11-14 (12...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222902/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-of-korean-children-and-adolescents-according-to-cooking-location-and-daily-meal-study-based-on-2010-and-2011-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#15
Yong-Suk Kwon, Yangsuk Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the intake of fruits and vegetables by cooking location and daily meals for Korean children and adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: For this study, 2,538 Korean children and adolescents aged 7-18 years, who participated in the 2010 and 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey dietary intake survey (24-hour recall methods), were sampled. RESULTS: The total unsalted fruit and vegetable intake for all subjects was 300 g (aged 7-12 years, 280 g; aged 13-18 years, 316 g)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222901/association-of-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-with-overweight-among-indonesian-children-6-12-years-of-age
#16
Heryudarini Harahap, Sandjaja Sandjaja, Moesijanti Soekatri, Ilse Khouw, Paul Deurenberg
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Indonesia is currently facing double burden malnutrition in children. As overweight and obesity are due to a disturbed energy balance, this study aimed to assess the association of total energy intake and physical activity with the prevalence of overweight among Indonesian children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The data used for this analysis were from 1143 children, 6-12 years old, that participated in the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222892/benefit-of-oral-nutritional-supplements-for-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-during-remission-induction-chemotherapy-a-quasi-experimental-study
#17
Rui Liang, Gai-Yun Chen, San-Xian Fu, Jie Zhong, Yan Ma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) on children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia undergoing remission-induction chemotherapy. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We included 127 paediatric patients who were diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and undergoing remission- induction chemotherapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Children from two paediatric wards who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222881/development-and-validation-of-a-pediatric-nutritional-screening-score-pnss-for-hospitalized-children
#18
Lina Lu, Xiaomeng Mao, Jinye Sheng, Jianhu Huang, Ying Wang, Qingya Tang, Wei Cai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is no evidence on the most effective nutritional screening tool for hospitalized children. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a pediatric nutritional screening tool to assess undernutrition risk upon hospital admission. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The study had a two-phase prospective observational design. A novel pediatric nutritional screening score (PNSS) was developed and sensitivity, specificity, and reliability were evaluated by comparing with a complete dietetic assessment...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222877/critical-examination-of-evidence-for-the-nutritional-status-of-children-in-papua-new-guinea-a-systematic-review
#19
Peter J McGlynn, Andre μΝ Renzaho, Minh D Pham, Mike Toole, Jane Fisher, Stanley Luchters
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Undernutrition remains a significant cause of childhood illness, poor growth, development, and death in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Studies on child nutritional outcomes in PNG vary by design, measurement protocols and quality. We conducted a systematic review to assess the evidence for the prevalence of child undernutrition across different study populations, geographical locations and time periods. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Six electronic databases and additional grey literature were searched for articles describing the nutritional status by wasting, stunting and underweight, of PNG children under five years of age, published between 1990 and April 2015...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221637/effect-of-previous-abdominal-surgery-and-gallbladder-appearance-on-biliary-atresia-outcomes
#20
Ayman Goneidy, Evelyn Geok Peng Ong
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia (BA) is typically treated by Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE), and there is a relationship between age at surgery and outcome. We hypothesize that previous abdominal surgery (PAS) for associated congenital intestinal conditions could be used to identify BA earlier, perhaps improving prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective case note review was performed of all BA patients at a single centre from 1999 to 2016. Demographics and clinical outcome data were collected...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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