keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cervical cancer vaccines

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808906/racial-disparities-in-hpv-related-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-among-african-american-and-white-women-in-the-usa
#1
Ashley Ojeaga, Ernest Alema-Mensah, Desiree Rivers, Ijeoma Azonobi, Brian Rivers
The objective of this study was to assess the differences in HPV-related knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs among African American and non-Hispanic white women and to determine their communication preferences for cancer-related information. Data was obtained from the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) 2014 Health Interview National Trends Survey (HINTS), a cross-sectional survey of US adults 18 years of age or older. Descriptive statistics, bivariate, and multivariate logistic regression were used to identify differences in awareness and knowledge...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801947/how-will-transitioning-from-cytology-to-hpv-testing-change-the-balance-between-the-benefits-and-harms-of-cervical-cancer-screening-estimates-of-the-impact-on-cervical-cancer-treatment-rates-and-adverse-obstetric-outcomes-in-australia-a-high-vaccination-coverage
#2
Louiza S Velentzis, Michael Caruana, Kate T Simms, Jie-Bin Lew, Ju-Fang Shi, Marion Saville, Megan A Smith, Sarah J Lord, Jeffrey Tan, Deborah Bateson, Michael Quinn, Karen Canfell
Primary HPV screening enables earlier diagnosis of cervical lesions compared to cytology, however, its effect on the risk of treatment has not been investigated. We estimated the cumulative lifetime risk (CLR) of cervical cancer and excisional treatment; and change in adverse obstetric outcomes in HPV unvaccinated women and cohorts offered vaccination (>70% coverage in 12-13 years) for the Australian cervical screening program. 2-yearly cytology screening (ages 18-69 years) was compared to 5-yearly primary HPV screening with partial genotyping for HPV16/18 (ages 25-74 years)...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801154/progress-in-prophylactic-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccination-in-2016-a-literature-review
#3
Polona J Maver, Mario Poljak
Prophylactic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine represents a revolutionary step forward in preventing HPV-related cancers, especially cervical carcinoma. Alongside appropriate screening, it has the potential to dramatically reduce cervical cancer incidence and even eradicate it. Following extensive evaluations in clinical trials, the first decade of routine HPV vaccine use provides overwhelming evidence of the vaccines' safety and their real-life effectiveness. In 2016, further clinical trials showed high vaccine efficacy in adult women, especially those that were HPV DNA-negative at baseline, and indicated possible protection from HPV-related diseases after treatment of precancerous cervical lesions...
August 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800469/immunotherapy-in-ovarian-endometrial-and-cervical-cancer-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#4
REVIEW
Jole Ventriglia, Immacolata Paciolla, Carmela Pisano, Sabrina Chiara Cecere, Marilena Di Napoli, Rosa Tambaro, Daniela Califano, Simona Losito, Giosuè Scognamiglio, Sergio Venanzio Setola, Laura Arenare, Sandro Pignata, Chiara Della Pepa
The tumors of the female genital tract represent a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among women worldwide. Substantial progresses have been made in ovarian cancer, with the increasing knowledge about BRCA mutated tumors and the recent development of PARP inhibitors, and in cervical cancer, thanks to extensive screening and widespread of vaccination against Human Papilloma Virus. Nevertheless many needs remain unmet, advanced stage diseases are still incurable and cervical and endometrial carcinoma, as well as platinum-resistant ovarian carcinoma, can certainly be classifiable among the cancers with poor sensitivity to conventional chemotherapy...
July 31, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800364/expression-optimization-of-a-cell-membrane-penetrating-human-papillomavirus-type-16-therapeutic-vaccine-candidate-in-nicotiana-benthamiana
#5
Romana J R Yanez, Renate Lamprecht, Milaid Granadillo, Brandon Weber, Isis Torrens, Edward P Rybicki, Inga I Hitzeroth
High-risk human papillomaviruses (hr-HPVs) cause cervical cancer, the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide. A HPV-16 candidate therapeutic vaccine, LALF32-51-E7, was developed by fusing a modified E7 protein to a bacterial cell-penetrating peptide (LALF): this elicited both tumour protection and regression in pre-clinical immunization studies. In the current study, we investigated the potential for producing LALF32-51-E7 in a plant expression system by evaluating the effect of subcellular localization and usage of different expression vectors and gene silencing suppressors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797277/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-acceptance-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccination-among-adolescent-girls-a-comparison-between-mothers-and-their-adolescent-daughters-in-hong-kong
#6
Alice Yuen Loke, Ava Chiu Oi Chan, Yuen Ting Wong
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to examine knowledge and attitude as facilitators and barriers to the acceptance of HPV vaccination for adolescent girls by mothers and adolescent girls. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey conducted in Hong Kong in January 2010. Adolescent girls aged 12-18, together with their mothers, were recruited to complete two separate questionnaires with similar questions. RESULTS: A total of 170 mother-adolescent girl dyads were recruited...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795916/beliefs-perceptions-and-health-seeking-behaviours-in-relation-to-cervical-cancer-a-qualitative-study-among-women-in-uganda-following-completion-of-an-hpv-vaccination-campaign
#7
Olivia Topister Hasahya, Vanja Berggren, Douglas Sematimba, Rose Chalo Nabirye, Edward Kumakech
Background Cervical cancer remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Uganda. Despite earlier information campaigns to introduce human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination, which also targeted cervical cancer, misinterpretation and misunderstanding of the subject remain high. Women in Uganda present with cervical cancer at an advanced stage due to poor health-seeking behaviours, with an associated high mortality rate. This project explored beliefs, attitudes, perceptions, and health-seeking behaviours in relation to cervical cancer among women in Uganda after an HPV vaccination project had been rolled out...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795532/a-combination-of-anti-pd-l1-mab-plus-lm-llo-e6-vaccine-efficiently-suppresses-tumor-growth-and-metastasis-in-hpv-infected-cancers
#8
Po-Lin Lin, Ya-Min Cheng, De-Wei Wu, Yu-Ju Huang, Hun-Chi Lin, Chih-Yi Chen, Huei Lee
PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy is viewed as having clinical benefits in advanced cancers but is effective in only a few patients, suggesting that an efficient combination approach is needed to improve efficacy. Immunohistochemistry analysis indicated that PD-L1 expression was correlated with the E6 expression in tumors from 122 lung cancer patients. The poorest survival occurred in PD-L1-positive/E6-positive tumor. PD-L1 expression was increased by the expression of E6, but not the E7, oncoprotein in lung and cervical cancer cells...
August 9, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789851/antibody-persistence-and-evidence-of-immune-memory-at-5years-following-administration-of-the-9-valent-hpv-vaccine
#9
Ana Guevara, Robinson Cabello, Linn Woelber, Edson Duarte Moreira, Elmar Joura, Olaf Reich, Christine Shields, Misoo C Ellison, Amita Joshi, Alain Luxembourg
BACKGROUND: The 9-valent HPV (9vHPV) vaccine was developed to prevent infection and disease related to 9 HPV types (HPV6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58) which cause approximately 90% of cervical cancers, HPV-related vulvar, vaginal and anal cancers, and genital warts worldwide. In a pivotal efficacy study, the 9vHPV vaccine prevented infection and disease due to the 9 vaccine types. Duration of protection remains to be determined. Vaccines that induce long-term protection are generally characterized by the generation of immune memory...
August 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780192/a-novel-hpv-prophylactic-peptide-vaccine-designed-by-immunoinformatics-and-structural-vaccinology-approaches
#10
Manica Negahdaripour, Mahboobeh Eslami, Navid Nezafat, Nasim Hajighahramani, Mohammad Bagher Ghoshoon, Eskandar Shoolian, Ali Dehshahri, Nasrollah Erfani, Mohammad Hossein Morowvat, Younes Ghasemi
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-caused cervical cancer is the fourth common female cancer globally. Despite availability of three effective vaccines in market, development of HPV prophylactic vaccines is still pursued due to affordability issues and type-restricted protection of the marketed vaccines. Investigational second generation prophylactic HPV vaccines are mostly exploiting epitopes from the virus minor capsid protein (L2), which despite many advantages suffer from low immunogenicity, a common problem of epitope vaccines...
August 2, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774559/implementation-of-hpv-vaccination-guidelines-in-a-diverse-population-in-los-angeles-results-from-an-environmental-scan-of-local-hpv-resources-and-needs
#11
Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Brianna A Lienemann, Marisela Robles, Ethel Johnson, Kathleen Sanchez, Rita Singhal, Jane Steinberg, Jenny M Jaque, Mary Ann Pentz, Stephen Gruber
Research shows that vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is one of the most effective methods for reducing risk for cervical cancer; it also protects against other HPV-related cancers. Controversies exist regarding HPV vaccination in several communities; which may in part explain why although rates of HPV vaccination are increasing nationwide, Los Angeles County (LAC) data show that many adolescents are still not vaccinated. These adolescents remain at high-risk for infection. Using community-based participatory principles, we conducted an environmental scan that included a literature review, the development of a community advisory board, community feedback from HPV community meetings, and interviews with stakeholders to understand attitudes toward HPV vaccination and their impact in follow through with HPV vaccines...
July 31, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774281/frequency-of-human-papillomavirus-in-women-attending-cervical-cancer-screening-program-in-chile
#12
Priscilla Brebi, Carmen Gloria Ili, Alejandra Andana, Doris Menzel, Jaime Lopez, Pablo Guzman, Angelica Melo, Kurt Buchegger, Juan C Roa
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the etiological factor for cervical cancer and its precursor lesions. The characterization of HPV genotypes in preneoplastic lesions and cervical cancer could establishes the effectiveness of vaccination plan in Chilean population. The aim of this study was to determine HPV frequency in a group of women including in a cervical screening program in the public health care system in Chile. METHODS: We analyzed 985 cervical smears samples from women with different histological diagnosis, attending to public health care in Temuco-Chile between 2004 and 2012, to detect HPV genotypes, through PCR followed by reverse line blotting assay...
August 3, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774274/epidemiology-of-humanpapilloma-virus-infection-among-women-in-fujian-china
#13
Conglian Wu, Xianjin Zhu, Yanli Kang, Yinping Cao, Pingxia Lu, Wenjuan Zhou, Hong Zhou, Yang Zhang, Yanfang Song
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main etiological factor for the development of cervical cancer. Here we assessed the prevalence and distribution of HPV genotypes in Fujian population. METHODS: A total of 8678 women aging from 17 to 84 years olds were recruited from the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital in Fujian Province. Every woman had a face-to-face interview. Cervical samples were collected from each participant and HPV screening was conducted using microarray hybridization...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772279/choosing-wisely-a-model-based-analysis-evaluating-the-trade-offs-in-cancer-benefit-and-diagnostic-referrals-among-alternative-hpv-testing-strategies-in-norway
#14
Emily A Burger, Kine Pedersen, Stephen Sy, Ivar Sønbø Kristiansen, Jane J Kim
BACKGROUND: Forthcoming cervical cancer screening strategies involving human papillomavirus (HPV) testing for women not vaccinated against HPV infections may increase colposcopy referral rates. We quantified health and resource trade-offs associated with alternative HPV-based algorithms to inform decision-makers when choosing between candidate algorithms. METHODS: We used a mathematical simulation model of HPV-induced cervical carcinogenesis in Norway. We compared the current cytology-based strategy to alternative strategies that varied by the switching age to primary HPV testing (ages 25-34 years), the routine screening frequency (every 3-10 years), and management of HPV-positive, cytology-negative women...
August 3, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770890/cervical-cancer-in-pakistan-a-review
#15
Syeda Asma Batool, Sumera Sajjad, Husna Malik
Cervix carcinoma is the second commonest condition in women under 50 years of age and third after breast and oral cavity cancers across all age groups. Though a preventable disease, the mortality rate is very high because it is an ignored ailment in Pakistan in terms of screening, prevention and vaccination. More than 70% of cancer patients report with very advanced stage of malignancy and this is the cause of the high rate of mortality in Pakistan. We covered studies cited during the previous 11 years (2005-2015) that reviewed many aspects of cervical cancer in Pakistan, including epidemiology, risk factors, screening test and their barriers, clinical presentation and prevention...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765858/history-development-and-future-of-cancer-screening-in-australia
#16
Ian N Olver, David Roder
INTRODUCTION: The aim of screening an asymptomatic population for cancer is to achieve better health outcomes, particularly a population survival benefit. Australia has three population screening programs: the National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP), BreastScreen Australia and the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP). METHODS: We reviewed the history and development of the three programs. NCSP: Women have a Pap smear every 2 years from age 18-20, or 2 years after first becoming sexually active, until age 69...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765084/surveillance-of-high-grade-cervical-cancer-precursors-cin-iii-ais-in-four-population-based-cancer-registries-united-states-2009-2012
#17
Meg Watson, Ashwini Soman, Elaine W Flagg, Elizabeth Unger, Dennis Deapen, Vivien W Chen, Lauren C Peres, Glenn Copeland, Thomas C Tucker, Erin Garnett, Mona Saraiya
Surveillance of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade III (CIN III) and adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) is important for determining the burden of a preventable disease, identifying effects of vaccination on future diagnoses, and developing targeted programs. We analyzed population-based rates of high-grade cervical cancer precursor lesions using data from four central cancer registries (diagnosis years 2009-2012 from Louisiana, Kentucky, Michigan, and diagnosis years 2011-2012 from Los Angeles) by age, race, and histology...
July 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758434/-human-papillomavirus-associated-cervix-uteri-morbidity-in-hungary-epidemiology-and-correlation-with-the-hpv-types-and-the-simultaneous-cytological-diagnosis
#18
Zoltán Szentirmay, Zsuzsa Veleczki, Miklós Kásler
INTRODUCTION: Persistent infection of human papillomavirus is known to cause cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or cancer in the cervix uteri and other HPV-associated cancers in different localization. Based on epidemiological and biological data, principally the high risk HPV is responsible for development of cervical these cancers. However, we have no information about the frequently distribution of different HPV types and what is the correlation between the HPV types and cytological diagnosis in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756395/the-impact-of-bivalent-hpv-vaccine-on-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-by-deprivation-in-scotland-reducing-the-gap
#19
Ross L Cameron, Kimberley Kavanagh, D Cameron Watt, Chris Robertson, Kate Cuschieri, Syed Ahmed, Kevin G Pollock
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer disproportionately affects women from lower socioeconomic backgrounds. A human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme was introduced in Scotland in 2008 with uptake being lower and inequitable in a catch-up cohort run for the first three years of the programme compared with the routine programme. The socioeconomic differences in vaccine uptake have the potential to further increase the inequality gap in regards to cervical disease. METHODS: Vaccination status was linked to demographic, cytological and colposcopic data, which are routinely collected by the Scottish HPV surveillance system...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755542/towards-an-evidence-based-approach-for-the-development-of-adjuvanted-vaccines
#20
REVIEW
Derek T O'Hagan, Leonard R Friedland, Emmanuel Hanon, Arnaud M Didierlaurent
In the last two decades, several vaccines formulated with a new generation of adjuvants have been licensed or approved to target diseases such as influenza, hepatitis B, cervical cancer, and malaria. These new generation adjuvants appear to work by delivering a localized activation signal to the innate immune system, which in turn promotes antigen-specific adaptive immunity. Advances in understanding of the innate immune system together with high-throughput discovery of synthetic immune potentiators are now expanding the portfolio of new generation adjuvants available for evaluation...
July 26, 2017: Current Opinion in Immunology
keyword
keyword
110168
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"