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Cervical cancer prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818249/health-literacy-cancer-prevention-strategies-for-early-adults
#1
Robert A Simmons, Susan C Cosgrove, Martha C Romney, James D Plumb, Rickie O Brawer, Evelyn T Gonzalez, Linda G Fleisher, Bradley S Moore
Health literacy, the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand health information and services needed to make health decisions, is an essential element for early adults (aged 18-44 years) to make informed decisions about cancer. Low health literacy is one of the social determinants of health associated with cancer-related disparities. Over the past several years, a nonprofit organization, a university, and a cancer center in a major urban environment have developed and implemented health literacy programs within healthcare systems and in the community...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818243/mental-health-problems-and-cancer-risk-factors-among-young-adults
#2
Greta M Massetti, Cheryll C Thomas, Jessica King, Kathleen Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford
INTRODUCTION: Chronic mental health problems often emerge in young adulthood, when adults begin to develop lifelong health behaviors and access preventive health services. The associations between mental health problems and modifiable cancer risk factors in young adulthood are not well understood. METHODS: In 2016, the authors analyzed 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data on demographic characteristics, health service access and use, health status, and cancer risk factors (tobacco use, alcohol use, overweight or obesity, physical activity, and sleep) for 90,821 young adults aged 18-39 years with mental health problems (depressive disorder or frequent mental distress) compared to other young adults...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817104/national-and-subnational-population-based-incidence-of-cancer-in-thailand-assessing-cancers-with-the-highest-burdens
#3
Shama Virani, Surichai Bilheem, Wasan Chansaard, Imjai Chitapanarux, Karnchana Daoprasert, Somsak Khuanchana, Atit Leklob, Donsuk Pongnikorn, Laura S Rozek, Surattaya Siriarechakul, Krittika Suwanrungruang, Sukit Tassanasunthornwong, Patravoot Vatanasapt, Hutcha Sriplung
In Thailand, five cancer types-breast, cervical, colorectal, liver and lung cancer-contribute to over half of the cancer burden. The magnitude of these cancers must be quantified over time to assess previous health policies and highlight future trajectories for targeted prevention efforts. We provide a comprehensive assessment of these five cancers nationally and subnationally, with trend analysis, projections, and number of cases expected for the year 2025 using cancer registry data. We found that breast (average annual percent change (AAPC): 3...
August 17, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815475/cancer-training-for-frontline-healthcare-providers-in-tanzania
#4
Tara J Rick, Cassondra M Deming, Janey R Helland, Kari A Hartwig
Cervical and breast cancer are responsible for the highest cancer-related mortality in Tanzania, although both are preventable or curable if diagnosed at an early stage. Limited knowledge of cervical cancer by clinic and dispensary level healthcare providers in Tanzania is a barrier for prevention and control strategies. The purpose of the study was to provide basic oncology training to frontline healthcare workers with a focus on cervical and breast cancer in order to increase knowledge. A 1-day cancer training symposium was conducted in Arusha, Tanzania, with 43 clinicians...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815421/knowledge-beliefs-and-attitudes-of-somali-men-in-olmsted-county-minnesota-u-s-on-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-and-cervical-cancer-screening-january-17-2015
#5
Uzoma Abakporo, Abdirahman Hussein, James W Begun, Tetyana Shippee
This study explores the general knowledge of Human Papillomavirus vaccine (HPV) and cervical cancer screening (CCS) among Somali men in the U.S., who are major decision-makers in Somali households. HPV infects both men and women, and causes genital warts and cervical cancer (CC). High mortality from CC persists among minorities due to low uptake of preventive tools. Eleven questions assessed general knowledge of HPV and CCS among 30 Somali male respondents. The knowledge of HPV and CCS by education level, age, and years lived in the U...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814070/hpv-genotype-specific-persistence-and-potential-risk-factors-among-korean-women-results-from-a-2-year-follow-up-study
#6
Cecile Ingabire, Min Kyung Lim, Young-Joo Won, Jin-Kyoung Oh
Purpose: High-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) infection progression should be considered a critical factor for preventing cervical cancer, although most infections are transient and rarely persist. This study aimed to examine the specific types of HPV infections, their change patterns, and the potential risk factors among Korean women. Materials and Methods: We included 4,588 women who visited hospitals in Busan and Suwon for cervical cancer screening, and 1,224 of these women attended a 2-year follow-up...
August 17, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808906/racial-disparities-in-hpv-related-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-among-african-american-and-white-women-in-the-usa
#7
Ashley Ojeaga, Ernest Alema-Mensah, Desiree Rivers, Ijeoma Azonobi, Brian Rivers
The objective of this study was to assess the differences in HPV-related knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs among African American and non-Hispanic white women and to determine their communication preferences for cancer-related information. Data was obtained from the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) 2014 Health Interview National Trends Survey (HINTS), a cross-sectional survey of US adults 18 years of age or older. Descriptive statistics, bivariate, and multivariate logistic regression were used to identify differences in awareness and knowledge...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805598/screening-frequency-and-histologic-type-influence-the-efficacy-of-cervical-cancer-screening-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#8
Ying-Cheng Chiang, Yun-Yuan Chen, Shu-Feng Hsieh, Chun-Ju Chiang, San-Lin You, Wen-Fang Cheng, Mei-Shu Lai, Chi-An Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of age, screening interval, and histologic type on the effect of Pap smears in cervical cancer screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were retrieved from the Taiwan National Cancer Registry and Cervical Cancer Screening Registration System for the period from 2002 to 2010. Age, Pap smear interval, FIGO stage, and histology were further analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 12,294 women with cervical cancer were enrolled, including 10,040 with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 1720 with adenocarcinoma (ADC), 401 with adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC), and 133 with small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SMC)...
August 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801880/effects-of-educational-intervention-on-nurses-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-providing-cervical-cancer-screening-information-in-selected-health-facilities-in-ibadan-nigeria
#9
Chizoma M Ndikom, Bola A Ofi, Folashade O Omokhodion, Patricia O Bakare, Cecilia Olusade Adetayo
Cervical cancer is a major cause of death among women especially in developing nations. It can be prevented through screening yet many women are unaware of screening options. Nurses are in vantage position to provide cervical cancer screening (CCS) information and services especially in antenatal clinics. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of an educational intervention (EI) on nurses' knowledge and attitude towards providing CCS information. This quasi-experimental study was conducted in eight health facilities in Ibadan, Nigeria...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801154/progress-in-prophylactic-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccination-in-2016-a-literature-review
#10
Polona J Maver, Mario Poljak
Prophylactic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine represents a revolutionary step forward in preventing HPV-related cancers, especially cervical carcinoma. Alongside appropriate screening, it has the potential to dramatically reduce cervical cancer incidence and even eradicate it. Following extensive evaluations in clinical trials, the first decade of routine HPV vaccine use provides overwhelming evidence of the vaccines' safety and their real-life effectiveness. In 2016, further clinical trials showed high vaccine efficacy in adult women, especially those that were HPV DNA-negative at baseline, and indicated possible protection from HPV-related diseases after treatment of precancerous cervical lesions...
August 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800923/-squamous-cell-carcinoma-associated-with-use-of-skin-lightening-cream
#11
O Faye, A-A Dicko, S Berthé, L Cissé, B Traoré, A Keita, Y Fofana, K Coulibaly, B Keita
BACKGROUND: Women widely use skin-lightening products for cosmetic purposes in sub-Saharan Africa despite numerous reported cutaneous and systemic complications. The occurrence of epidermoid carcinoma has long been reported, but only three cases have been published so far. We report the first case in Mali. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 30-year old woman with no noteworthy medical history was seen at our outpatient center for cervical ulceration that had been present for the last 5 years...
August 8, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800364/expression-optimization-of-a-cell-membrane-penetrating-human-papillomavirus-type-16-therapeutic-vaccine-candidate-in-nicotiana-benthamiana
#12
Romana J R Yanez, Renate Lamprecht, Milaid Granadillo, Brandon Weber, Isis Torrens, Edward P Rybicki, Inga I Hitzeroth
High-risk human papillomaviruses (hr-HPVs) cause cervical cancer, the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide. A HPV-16 candidate therapeutic vaccine, LALF32-51-E7, was developed by fusing a modified E7 protein to a bacterial cell-penetrating peptide (LALF): this elicited both tumour protection and regression in pre-clinical immunization studies. In the current study, we investigated the potential for producing LALF32-51-E7 in a plant expression system by evaluating the effect of subcellular localization and usage of different expression vectors and gene silencing suppressors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799850/a-qualitative-study-exploring-factors-associated-with-pap-test-use-among-north-korean-refugees
#13
Kyounghae Kim, Soohyun Kim, Yoonkyung Chung
Lack of medical care in North Korea and vulnerability to human trafficking during their migration increase risks of cervical cancer among North Korean refugees. To better understand factors influencing Pap test use, we conducted a qualitative study of 8 North Korean refugees in South Korea. Individual barriers were limited knowledge, lack of perceived need for preventive services, and concerns about costs. Environmental facilitators included having female providers, receiving family support, and free screenings...
August 11, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799072/cervical-cancer-literacy-in-women-of-reproductive-age-and-its-related-factors
#14
Maryam Bazaz, Parvin Shahry, Sayed Mahmood Latifi, Marzieh Araban
Cancer health literacy, which is the ability to search, understand, and use health information to make appropriate health decisions, plays an important role in the use of preventative and screening information. The present study aims to evaluate cervical cancer health literacy in women of reproductive age and its related factors. In this cross-sectional study, 231 women of reproductive age who referred to health centers of Khuzestan Province, Iran, were selected via convenience sampling. A valid and reliable measure was employed to collect information about various dimensions of cervical cancer health literacy, including having access to, reading, understanding, appraising, using, and communicating it...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798272/perspectives-of-screening-eligible-women-and-male-partners-on-benefits-of-and-barriers-to-treatment-for-precancerous-lesions-and-cervical-cancer-in-kenya
#15
Kathleen R Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Judith Lee Smith, Mona Saraiya, Millicent Aketch
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of female cancer mortality in Kenya. Kenya's National Cervical Cancer Prevention Program Strategic Plan outlines efforts to reduce the burden; however, treatment services remain limited. This study identified male and female perspectives regarding benefits, facilitators, and barriers to treatment for precancerous lesions and cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten focus groups were conducted in Nairobi and Nyanza in 2014 with females aged 25-49 years (n = 60) and male partners (n = 40)...
August 10, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797277/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-acceptance-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccination-among-adolescent-girls-a-comparison-between-mothers-and-their-adolescent-daughters-in-hong-kong
#16
Alice Yuen Loke, Ava Chiu Oi Chan, Yuen Ting Wong
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to examine knowledge and attitude as facilitators and barriers to the acceptance of HPV vaccination for adolescent girls by mothers and adolescent girls. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey conducted in Hong Kong in January 2010. Adolescent girls aged 12-18, together with their mothers, were recruited to complete two separate questionnaires with similar questions. RESULTS: A total of 170 mother-adolescent girl dyads were recruited...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795343/systematic-review-health-promotion-and-disease-prevention-among-hmong-adults-in-the-usa
#17
Maichou Lor
Although disparities in the burden of disease and illness experienced across major racial and ethnic groups in the USA is well known, little is known about subgroups, including the Hmong population. This review sought to determine the current state of health disparities related to health promotion and disease prevention among Hmong adults from 1975 to 2015. Seventy-one descriptive (qualitative, mixed methods, and quantitative) studies were reviewed. Most focused on two areas: (1) health status (mainly breast and cervical cancers) and (2) health-related behaviors...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794033/ancient-evolution-and-dispersion-of-human-papillomavirus-type-58-variants
#18
Zigui Chen, Wendy C S Ho, Siaw Shi Boon, Priscilla T Y Law, Martin C W Chan, Rob DeSalle, Robert D Burk, Paul K S Chan
Human papillomavirus type 58 is found in 10-18% of cervical cancers in East Asia but rather uncommon elsewhere. The distribution and oncogenic potential of HPV58 variants appear to be heterogeneous since the E7 T20I/G63S variant is more prevalent in East Asia and confers 7-9 fold higher risk for cervical precancer and cancer. However, the underlying genomic mechanisms that explain the geographic and carcinogenic diversity of HPV58 variants are still poorly understood. In this study, we used a combination of phylogenetic analyses and bioinformatics to investigate the deep evolutionary history of HPV58 complete genome variants...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789851/antibody-persistence-and-evidence-of-immune-memory-at-5years-following-administration-of-the-9-valent-hpv-vaccine
#19
Ana Guevara, Robinson Cabello, Linn Woelber, Edson Duarte Moreira, Elmar Joura, Olaf Reich, Christine Shields, Misoo C Ellison, Amita Joshi, Alain Luxembourg
BACKGROUND: The 9-valent HPV (9vHPV) vaccine was developed to prevent infection and disease related to 9 HPV types (HPV6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58) which cause approximately 90% of cervical cancers, HPV-related vulvar, vaginal and anal cancers, and genital warts worldwide. In a pivotal efficacy study, the 9vHPV vaccine prevented infection and disease due to the 9 vaccine types. Duration of protection remains to be determined. Vaccines that induce long-term protection are generally characterized by the generation of immune memory...
August 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772279/choosing-wisely-a-model-based-analysis-evaluating-the-trade-offs-in-cancer-benefit-and-diagnostic-referrals-among-alternative-hpv-testing-strategies-in-norway
#20
Emily A Burger, Kine Pedersen, Stephen Sy, Ivar Sønbø Kristiansen, Jane J Kim
BACKGROUND: Forthcoming cervical cancer screening strategies involving human papillomavirus (HPV) testing for women not vaccinated against HPV infections may increase colposcopy referral rates. We quantified health and resource trade-offs associated with alternative HPV-based algorithms to inform decision-makers when choosing between candidate algorithms. METHODS: We used a mathematical simulation model of HPV-induced cervical carcinogenesis in Norway. We compared the current cytology-based strategy to alternative strategies that varied by the switching age to primary HPV testing (ages 25-34 years), the routine screening frequency (every 3-10 years), and management of HPV-positive, cytology-negative women...
August 3, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
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