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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805069/assessing-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Eman J Abdullah, Hanan E Badr
The main objective of this paper was to assess the level and the determinants of quality of life (QOL) amongst patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). A cross-sectional study was conducted among a convenience sample of 200 adult MS patients. Inclusion criteria were: MS diagnosis for at least one year, and aged 21+ years. However, exclusion criteria were: having other neurological diseases, serious cardiovascular, orthopedic or other disability precluding participation. Self-administered questionnaire employed MSQOL-54 with two outcomes: Physical Health Composite (PHC) and mental health composite (MHC)...
August 13, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801210/the-longitudinal-relationship-between-hand-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-and-cardiovascular-events-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Tetyana Kendzerska, Peter Jüni, Lauren K King, Ruth Croxford, Ian Stanaitis, Gillian A Hawker
OBJECTIVE: In this population-based cohort study, we examined the association between the presence of symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) and risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. METHOD: A cohort aged ≥55 years recruited from 1996-98 was followed through provincial health administrative data to 2014. Demographics, joint complaints and functional limitations were collected. Hip, knee and hand OA were defined using a validated definition. Using Cox-regressions, the relationship between OA and a composite CV outcome (myocardial infarction, stroke, angina, heart failure, revascularization) was assessed controlling for age, BMI, sex, pre-existing metabolic factors, comorbidities, income status, primary care exposure and functional limitations...
August 8, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799999/features-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-in-adults-and-children-living-with-hiv
#3
Andrew W McCrary, Chidozie U Nduka, Saverio Stranges, Gerald S Bloomfield
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article addresses crucial issues in identifying risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people living with HIV in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). These issues are in need of urgent attention to advance our knowledge and inform actions to mitigate CVD in this population. We address CVDs in adults living with HIV as well as the unique aspects pertaining to children living with HIV (CLHIV), a group sorely under-represented in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: CVDs affecting adults such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, coronary artery disease, and heart failure, in addition to myocardial dysfunction, vascular diseases, and autoimmune phenomena are also being reported in CLHIV...
August 10, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789613/risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-hypertensive-patients-at-hawassa-university-comprehensive-specialized-hospital-southern-ethiopia
#4
Agete Tadewos, Tariku Egeno, Antenah Amsalu
BACKGROUND: Data regarding the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among hypertensive patients in Ethiopia is very scarce, and the nature and the burden of MetS among these patients has not been well investigated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the pattern and risk factors of MetS in hypertensive patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Hawassa University comprehensive specialized hospital from September 2015 to June 2016. Data on socio-demographic, clinical and anthropometric characteristics were collected from 238 hypertensive participants using WHO stepwise technique...
August 8, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774505/association-of-dysfunctional-eating-patterns-and-metabolic-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-among-latinos
#5
Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Christine F Frisard, Stephenie C Lemon, Milagros C Rosal
BACKGROUND: Latinos are at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Identifying behavioral factors associated with CVD risk in this population may provide novel targets for further research to reduce chronic disease disparities. Dysfunctional eating patterns (emotional eating [EE], uncontrolled eating [UE], and cognitive restraint of eating [CR]) may be associated with CVD risk but little is known about this relationship in Latinos. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine associations between dysfunctional eating patterns and metabolic risk factors for CVD in Latinos...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772108/did-the-great-recession-affect-mortality-rates-in-the-metropolitan-united-states-effects-on-mortality-by-age-gender-and-cause-of-death
#6
Erin C Strumpf, Thomas J Charters, Sam Harper, Arijit Nandi
OBJECTIVES: Mortality rates generally decline during economic recessions in high-income countries, however gaps remain in our understanding of the underlying mechanisms. This study estimates the impacts of increases in unemployment rates on both all-cause and cause-specific mortality across U.S. metropolitan regions during the Great Recession. METHODS: We estimate the effects of economic conditions during the recent and severe recessionary period on mortality, including differences by age and gender subgroups, using fixed effects regression models...
July 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771516/comparison-of-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-among-individuals-with-and-without-cardiovascular-diseases-from-urban-and-rural-areas-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Chuangshi Wang, Wei Li, Lu Yin, Jian Bo, Yaguang Peng, Yang Wang
INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to explore the gap of prevalence of healthy lifestyle behaviors including smoking cessation, quitting drinking, physical activity and healthy eating between Chinese adults with and without cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional component of Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE)-China study, which recruited ~46,000 participants from 70 rural and 45 urban communities between 2005 and 2009. Participants were divided into disease (with CVDs) and control (without any diseases) groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767993/physical-activity-in-brazil-lessons-from-elsa-brasil-narrative-review
#8
Francisco José Gondim Pitanga, Maria Conceição Chagas Almeida, Ciro Oliveira Queiroz, Estela Maria Leão de Aquino, Sheila Maria Alvim Matos
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) was conducted among civil servants at six higher education institutions located in six Brazilian state capitals. The objective of this review was to identify the publications produced within the scope of ELSA-Brasil that analyzed the participants' physical activity. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review study using baseline data from ELSA-Brasil. METHODS: Narrative review of Brazilian studies on physical activity produced using data from ELSA-Brasil participants...
July 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767722/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-population-based-tobacco-control-strategies-in-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-tanzania
#9
Frida Ngalesoni, George Ruhago, Mary Mayige, Tiago Cravo Oliveira, Bjarne Robberstad, Ole Frithjof Norheim, Hideki Higashi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption contributes significantly to the global burden of disease. The prevalence of smoking is estimated to be increasing in many low-income countries, including Tanzania, especially among women and youth. Even so, the implementation of tobacco control measures has been discouraging in the country. Efforts to foster investment in tobacco control are hindered by lack of evidence on what works and at what cost. AIMS: We aim to estimate the cost and cost-effectiveness of population-based tobacco control strategies in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in Tanzania...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765036/world-heart-federation-cholesterol-roadmap
#10
Adrianna Murphy, Jose R Faria-Neto, Khalid Al-Rasadi, Dirk Blom, Alberico Catapano, Ada Cuevas, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Pablo Perel, Raul Santos, Allan Sniderman, Rody Sy, Gerald F Watts, Dong Zhao, Salim Yusuf, David Wood
BACKGROUND: The World Heart Federation has undertaken an initiative to develop a series of Roadmaps. OBJECTIVES: The aim of these is to promote development of national policies and health systems approaches and identify potential roadblocks on the road to effective prevention, detection and management of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC), and strategies for overcoming these. This Roadmap focuses on elevated blood cholesterol, a leading risk factor for myocardial infarction, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease...
July 29, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756016/pharmacological-stroke-prevention-in-the-elderly-with-atrial-fibrillation-in-poland-results-of-polsenior-study
#11
Beata Łabuz-Roszak, Michał Skrzypek, Agnieszka Machowska-Majchrzak, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Jerzy Chudek, Andrzej Więcek, Krystyna Pierzchała, Beata Łącka-Gaździk, Tomasz Grodzicki
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequent clinically significant arrhythmia, especially common in the elderly. As it is known, AF is associated with increased risk of stroke. Little is known about pharmacological cardiovascular prevention in the elderly with AF in Poland. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the frequency of pharmacological stroke prevention among the elderly with AF in Poland and its association with clinical characteristics and concomitant cardiovascular risk factors...
July 11, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752658/controlling-hypertension-and-reducing-its-associated-morbidity-and-mortality-in-the-caribbean-implications-of-race-and-ethnicity
#12
Paige Colgrove, Kenneth L Connell, Daniel T Lackland, Pedro Ordunez, Donald J DiPette
Cardiovascular diseases and stroke, especially hypertension, represent a significant global disease burden for both morbidity and mortality, with a disproportionately higher impact in vulnerable low- to middle-income countries. International initiatives such as the Centers for Disease and Prevention and the Pan American Health Organization Standardized Hypertension Treatment Project have been developed to address this burden on the Caribbean and Latin America populations. The disparity in disease burden observed in low- to middle-income countries is explained, in part, by differences in disease risks for different racial and ethnic groups with high blood pressure more prevalent and hypertension-related morbidity significantly higher in men and women of African heritage...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745902/disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-315-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-in-iran-and-its-neighboring-countries-1990-2015-findings-from-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#13
Sadaf G Sepanlou, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Kristopher J Krohn, Ashkan Afshin, Farshad Farzadfar, Gholamreza Roshandel, Chante Karimkhani, Sharzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Hamid Ahmadieh, Shirin Djalalinia, Hedyeh Ebrahimi, Babak Eshrati, Ali Reza Esteghamati, Maryam S Farvid, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Pouria Heydarpour, Farhad Islami, Seyed M Karimi, Marzieh Katibeh, Ardeshir Khosravi, Jagdish Khubchandani, Mahdi Mahdavi, Farhad Pishgar, Mostafa Qorbani, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sare Safi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Saeid Shahraz, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Alireza Mohammadi, Ali H Mokdad, Theo Vos, Christopher J L Murray, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Mohsen Naghavi, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Summary measures of health are essential in making estimates of health status that are comparable across time and place. They can be used for assessing the performance of health systems, informing effective policy making, and monitoring the progress of nations toward achievement of sustainable development goals. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) provides disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE) as main summary measures of health...
July 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734528/exploring-risk-patterns-for-incident-ischemic-stroke-during-more-than-a-decade-of-follow-up-a-survival-tree-analysis
#14
Donna Parizadeh, Azra Ramezankhani, Amir Abbas Momenan, Fereidoun Azizi, Farzad Hadaegh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The burden of stroke is increasing in low to middle income countries. Identifying risk patterns for ischemic stroke (IS) can help develop individualized preventive measures for at risk populations. METHODS: The study population included 3088 Iranian subjects (1426 men) aged ≥50 years, free of cardiovascular diseases at baseline. The risk factors for ischemic stroke were identified by multivariate Cox analysis. A survival tree model was used to explore interactions between risk factors...
August 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732236/neighborhood-ses-is-particularly-important-to-the-cardiovascular-health-of-low-ses-individuals
#15
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Stephanie A Robert
RATIONALE: Health disparities defined by neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) are well established; it is less well understood whether neighborhood SES is differentially associated with health depending on one's own SES. OBJECTIVE: The double jeopardy hypothesis, collective resources model, fundamental cause theory, and relative deprivation hypothesis support differential patterns of association between neighborhood and individual SES with health. The first three models suggest that higher neighborhood SES predicts health more strongly among lower, as compared to higher, SES individuals...
July 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708095/predictors-of-daily-mobility-of-adults-in-peri-urban-south-india
#16
Margaux Sanchez, Albert Ambros, Maëlle Salmon, Santhi Bhogadi, Robin T Wilson, Sanjay Kinra, Julian D Marshall, Cathryn Tonne
Daily mobility, an important aspect of environmental exposures and health behavior, has mainly been investigated in high-income countries. We aimed to identify the main dimensions of mobility and investigate their individual, contextual, and external predictors among men and women living in a peri-urban area of South India. We used 192 global positioning system (GPS)-recorded mobility tracks from 47 participants (24 women, 23 men) from the Cardiovascular Health effects of Air pollution in Telangana, India (CHAI) project (mean: 4...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704405/community-health-workers-for-non-communicable-diseases-prevention-and-control-in-developing-countries-evidence-and-implications
#17
Gursimer Jeet, J S Thakur, Shankar Prinja, Meenu Singh
BACKGROUND: National programs for non-communicable diseases (NCD) prevention and control in different low middle income countries have a strong community component. A community health worker (CHW) delivers NCD preventive services using informational as well as behavioural approaches. Community education and interpersonal communication on lifestyle modifications is imparted with focus on primordial prevention of NCDs and screening is conducted as part of early diagnosis and management...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701299/modeled-changes-in-us-sodium-intake-from-reducing-sodium-concentrations-of-commercially-processed-and-prepared-foods-to-meet-voluntary-standards-established-in-north-america-nhanes
#18
Mary E Cogswell, Sheena M Patel, Keming Yuan, Cathleen Gillespie, WenYen Juan, Christine J Curtis, Michel Vigneault, Jenifer Clapp, Paula Roach, Alanna Moshfegh, Jaspreet Ahuja, Pamela Pehrsson, Lauren Brookmire, Robert Merritt
Background: Approximately 2 in 3 US adults have prehypertension or hypertension that increases their risk of cardiovascular disease. Reducing sodium intake can decrease blood pressure and prevent hypertension. Approximately 9 in 10 Americans consume excess sodium (≥2300 mg/d). Voluntary sodium standards for commercially processed and prepared foods were established in North America, but their impact on sodium intake is unclear.Objective: We modelled the potential impact on US sodium intake of applying voluntary sodium standards for foods...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694856/social-determinant-factors-and-their-relationship-with-nutritional-pattern-in-cardiovascular-patients-after-hospital-discharge
#19
Hassan Nazari, Davoud Vahabzadeh, Saeed Beygh Mohammadi, Leila Zarei, Masoud Ghahramani
INTRODUCTION: Several evidences suggest that it will be possible to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases by modifying its risk factors. Current study designed for identifying some social determinant factors and their relationship with nutritional pa! ern in cardiovascular patients a" er hospital discharge. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 385 cardiovascular discharged patients from an university specialized heart educational hospital. Patients were included by simple sampling methods...
September 2016: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693891/an-alarming-trend-change-in-the-risk-profile-of-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-over-the-last-two-decades
#20
Amgad Mentias, Elizabeth Hill, Amr F Barakat, Mohammad Q Raza, Dalia Youssef, Kinjal Banerjee, Abhishek C Sawant, Stephen Ellis, E Murat Tuzcu, Samir R Kapadia
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality around the world. We sought to study changes in the risk profile of patients presenting with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: We retrospectively studied all patients presenting with STEMI to our center between 1995 and 2014. Patients were divided into four quartiles, 5years each. Baseline risk factors and comorbidities were recorded. Sub-analysis was done for patients with established CAD and their household incomes...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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