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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532767/job-strain-and-cardiovascular-health-score-from-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil-baseline
#1
Priscila T P Rocco, Isabela M Bensenor, Rosane H Griep, Arlinda B Moreno, Airlane P Alencar, Paulo A Lotufo, Itamar S Santos
We aimed to study the association between the American Heart Association cardiovascular health (CVH) score and job strain in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health baseline. We analyzed data from 11,351 active workers (aged 35 to 74 years) without overt cardiovascular disease and who had complete data. Job strain was assessed using the 17-item Brazilian version of the Swedish Job Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire. Clinical (fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, and blood pressure) and lifestyle (diet, physical activity, smoking, and body mass index) components of CVH score were assessed according to the American Heart Association criteria...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531244/awareness-prevalence-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-western-nepal
#2
Dinesh Neupane, Archana Shrestha, Shiva Raj Mishra, Joakim Bloch, Bo Christensen, Craig S McLachlan, Arjun Karki, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a significant contributor to cardiovascular and renal diseases. In low-income settings like Nepal, there are few epidemiological studies assessing hypertension burden. Thus, the purpose was to determine prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in semi-urban area of western Nepal among randomly selected participants, aged between 25 and 65 years. Systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥140 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP of ≥90 mm Hg and/or taking current antihypertensive medicine defined as hypertension...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529920/global-progress-in-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#3
Shanthi Mendis
Although there is measurable global progress in prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD), it has been highly uneven and inadequate, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Voluntary global targets have helped to galvanize attention, resources and accountability on tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity which are the major behavioural drivers of CVD. Many obstacles and challenges continue to impede the progress of cardiovascular prevention. The inclusion of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in the sustainable development agenda as a specific target, offers an unprecedented opportunity to further advance the global progress of cardiovascular prevention...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527533/global-regional-and-national-burden-of-cardiovascular-diseases-for-10-causes-1990-to-2015
#4
Gregory A Roth, Catherine Johnson, Amanuel Abajobir, Foad Abd-Allah, Semaw Ferede Abera, Gebre Abyu, Muktar Ahmed, Baran Aksut, Tahiya Alam, Khurshid Alam, François Alla, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Stephen Amrock, Hossein Ansari, Johan Ärnlöv, Hamid Asayesh, Tesfay Mehari Atey, Leticia Avila-Burgos, Ashish Awasthi, Amitava Banerjee, Aleksandra Barac, Till Bärnighausen, Lars Barregard, Neeraj Bedi, Ezra Belay Ketema, Derrick Bennett, Gebremedhin Berhe, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Shimelash Bitew, Jonathan Carapetis, Juan Jesus Carrero, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Carlos Andres Castañeda-Orjuela, Jacqueline Castillo-Rivas, Ferrán Catalá-López, Jee-Young Choi, Hanne Christensen, Massimo Cirillo, Leslie Cooper, Michael Criqui, David Cundiff, Albertino Damasceno, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, Kairat Davletov, Samath Dharmaratne, Prabhakaran Dorairaj, Manisha Dubey, Rebecca Ehrenkranz, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Emerito Jose A Faraon, Alireza Esteghamati, Talha Farid, Maryam Farvid, Valery Feigin, Eric L Ding, Gerry Fowkes, Tsegaye Gebrehiwot, Richard Gillum, Audra Gold, Philimon Gona, Rajeev Gupta, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Tesfaye Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Graeme Hankey, Hamid Yimam Hassen, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Rasmus Havmoeller, Simon I Hay, Masako Horino, Peter J Hotez, Kathryn Jacobsen, Spencer James, Mehdi Javanbakht, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Denny John, Jost Jonas, Yogeshwar Kalkonde, Chante Karimkhani, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Khader, Abdur Khan, Young-Ho Khang, Sahil Khera, Abdullah T Khoja, Jagdish Khubchandani, Daniel Kim, Dhaval Kolte, Soewarta Kosen, Kristopher J Krohn, G Anil Kumar, Gene Kwan, Dharmesh Kumar Lal, Anders Larsson, Shai Linn, Alan Lopez, Paulo A Lotufo, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Mohsen Mazidi, Toni Meier, Kidanu Gebremariam Meles, George Mensah, Atte Meretoja, Haftay Mezgebe, Ted Miller, Erkin Mirrakhimov, Shafiu Mohammed, Andrew E Moran, Kamarul Imran Musa, Jagat Narula, Bruce Neal, Frida Ngalesoni, Grant Nguyen, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Mayowa Owolabi, George Patton, João Pedro, Dima Qato, Mostafa Qorbani, Kazem Rahimi, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Salman Rawaf, Antônio Ribeiro, Saeid Safiri, Joshua A Salomon, Itamar Santos, Milena Santric Milicevic, Benn Sartorius, Aletta Schutte, Sadaf Sepanlou, Masood Ali Shaikh, Min-Jeong Shin, Mehdi Shishehbor, Hirbo Shore, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Eugene Sobngwi, Saverio Stranges, Soumya Swaminathan, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Niguse Tadele Atnafu, Fisaha Tesfay, J S Thakur, Amanda Thrift, Roman Topor-Madry, Thomas Truelsen, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Olalekan Uthman, Tommi Vasankari, Vasiliy Vlassov, Stein Emil Vollset, Tolassa Wakayo, David Watkins, Robert Weintraub, Andrea Werdecker, Ronny Westerman, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Charles Wolfe, Abdulhalik Workicho, Gelin Xu, Yuichiro Yano, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Theo Vos, Mohsen Naghavi, Christopher Murray
BACKGROUND: The burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remains unclear in many regions of the world. OBJECTIVES: The GBD (Global Burden of Disease) 2015 study integrated data on disease incidence, prevalence, and mortality to produce consistent, up-to-date estimates for cardiovascular burden. METHODS: CVD mortality was estimated from vital registration and verbal autopsy data. CVD prevalence was estimated using modeling software and data from health surveys, prospective cohorts, health system administrative data, and registries...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525388/association-between-body-mass-index-and-presence-of-carotid-plaque-among-low-income-adults-aged-45-years-and-older-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-china
#5
Yongzhong Lou, Bin Li, Lan Su, Zhenhong Mu, Minghao Sun, Hongfei Gu, Jingxian Ni, Yanan Wu, Jun Tu, Jinghua Wang, Xianjia Ning
Carotid plaque is a good surrogate endpoint for assessing arterial atherosclerosis, and atherosclerosis is a reliable predictor of cardiovascular diseases. However, the effect of body mass index on carotid plaque is unknown. Therefore, we aimed to explore the association between body mass index and carotid plaque in a low-income Chinese population. Residents aged ≥45 years and free of stroke and cardiovascular diseases were enrolled and divided into four groups based on body mass index. B-mode ultrasonography was performed to measure carotid plaque...
May 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521623/enzyme-linked-immunoassay-based-quantitative-measurement-of-apolipoprotein-b-apob-in-dried-blood-spots-a-biomarker-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#6
Geeta N Eick, Paul Kowal, Tyler Barrett, Elizabeth A Thiele, J Josh Snodgrass
Apolipoprotein B (ApoB) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease, which remains the leading cause of mortality in both higher and lower income countries. Here, we adapted an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) development kit for quantitative determination of ApoB levels in serum and plasma for use with dried blood spots (DBS). After confirming the dilution linearity of the assay for DBS, we measured ApoB in 208 venous DBS samples. Then, using Passing-Bablok regression analysis and Spearman rank correlation analysis, we evaluated the correspondence in ApoB values between matched plasma and finger-prick DBS samples from 40 individuals who had ApoB values spanning the range of ApoB values observed in the 208 vDBS samples...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515188/trends-in-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-five-major-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-korean-population-a-cross-sectional-study-using-data-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2014
#7
Yoon Jung Kim, Ji Sung Lee, Juri Park, Dong Seop Choi, Doo Man Kim, Kee-Hyoung Lee, Ho Yeon Kim, Sin Gon Kim, Juneyoung Lee
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends in socioeconomic inequalities in major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among the Korean population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A nationally representative population survey database. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 42 725 Koreans, aged 25-64 years, who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) II (2001) to VI (2013-2014). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in five major CVD risk factors (smoking, obesity, diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia)...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514265/television-viewing-time-and-inflammatory-related-mortality
#8
Megan S Grace, Francis Dillon, Elizabeth Lm Barr, Sarah K Keadle, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan
PURPOSE: Television (TV) viewing time is associated with increased risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality. While TV time is detrimentally associated with key inflammatory markers, the associations of TV time with other inflammatory-related mortality (with a predominant inflammatory, oxidative or infectious component, but not attributable to cancer or cardiovascular causes), are unknown. METHODS: Among 8,933 Australian adults (4,593 never-smokers) from the baseline (1999/2000) Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (median follow-up, 13...
May 12, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503508/carbohydrate-composition-associated-with-the-2-year-incidence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adults
#9
Nam H Cho, Ara K Cho, Hyun Kyu Kim, Jong Bae Kim, Kyung Eun Lee, Sung Soo Kim, Yeon-Jung Kim, Hak C Jang, Inkyung Baik
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between macronutrient composition and metabolic syndrome (MetS) incidence in Korean adults. Data were obtained from a cohort of 10,030 members aged 40 to 69 years who were enrolled from the 2 cities (Ansung and Ansan) between 2001 and 2002 to participate in the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study. Of these members, 5,565 participants, who were free of MetS and reported no diagnosis of cardiovascular disease at baseline, were included in this study. MetS was defined using the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III and Asia-Pacific criteria for waist circumference...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503458/quality-of-life-and-awareness-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-in-people-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#10
Sehi Kweon, Min Kyun Sohn, Jin Ok Jeong, Soojae Kim, Hyunkyu Jeon, Hyewon Lee, Seung-Chan Ahn, Soo Ho Park, Sungju Jee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the level of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), life satisfaction, and their present awareness of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program in people with cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was completed by 53 patients (mean age, 65.7±11.6 years; 33 men and 20 women) with unstable angina, myocardial infarction, or heart failure. The questionnaire included the Medical Outcome Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (MOS SF-36), life domain satisfaction measure (LDSM), and the awareness and degree of using CR program...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489724/social-support-unstable-angina-and-stroke-as-predictors-of-depression-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#11
Shu-Fen Su, Mei-Yu Chang, Chung-Ping He
BACKGROUND: Depression is known to adversely affect coronary heart disease patients in western countries; however, no study of social support and depression has been conducted in the Chinese population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the predictors of depression in patients with coronary heart disease. METHODS: Between January and December 2015, a cross-sectional sample of 105 Taiwanese patients from cardiology units completed a demographic and clinical characteristics questionnaire, Enhancing Recovery in Coronary Heart Disease Social Support Inventory, and Patient Health Questionnaire-9...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484317/chronic-illness-needing-palliative-care-in-kinshasa-hospitals-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-drc
#12
Jacques Lofandjola Masumbuku, Ernest Sumaili Kiswaya, Philippe Mairiaux, Daniel Gillain, Jean Petermans
BACKGROUND: Chronic illnesses are a major public health problem in low-income countries. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), few data are available, especially in palliative care. In this context, the present study aimed at describing the patterns of diseases in Kinshasa hospitals as well as risk factors associated with patients' evolving status and length of hospital stay. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in ten hospitals of Kinshasa, over a 1-year period...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482797/association-of-cumulative-social-risk-with-mortality-and-adverse-cardiovascular-disease-outcomes
#13
Sebhat Erqou, Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Kevin E Kip, Aryan Aiyer, Steven E Reis
BACKGROUND: Quantifying the cumulative effect of social risk factors on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk can help to better understand the sources of disparities in health outcomes. METHOD AND RESULTS: Data from the Heart Strategies Concentrating on Risk Evaluation (HeartSCORE) study were used to create an index of cumulative social risk (CSR) and quantify its association with incident CVD and all-cause mortality. CSR was defined by assigning a score of 1 for the presence of each of 4 social factors: i) racial minority status (Black race), ii) single living status, iii) low income, and iv) low educational level...
May 8, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476720/moving-the-agenda-on-noncommunicable-diseases-policy-implications-of-mobile-phone-surveys-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
George W Pariyo, Adaeze C Wosu, Dustin G Gibson, Alain B Labrique, Joseph Ali, Adnan A Hyder
The growing burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), for example, cardiovascular diseases and chronic respiratory diseases, in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) presents special challenges for policy makers, due to resource constraints and lack of timely data for decision-making. Concurrently, the increasing ubiquity of mobile phones in LMICs presents possibilities for rapid collection of population-based data to inform the policy process. The objective of this paper is to highlight potential benefits of mobile phone surveys (MPS) for developing, implementing, and evaluating NCD prevention and control policies...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476143/income-related-inequality-in-smoking-cessation-among-adult-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-5-year-follow-up-of-an-angiography-intervention-in-luxembourg
#15
Anastase Tchicaya, Nathalie Lorentz, Stefaan Demarest
BACKGROUND: Smoking contributes to cardiovascular diseases (CVD), a leading cause of death and a large source of healthcare costs in Western countries. We examined the association between income and smoking cessation among smokers who underwent coronary angiography at the National Institute for Cardiac Surgery and Interventional Cardiology in Luxembourg. METHODS: Data were derived from a follow-up study conducted in 2013/2014 among 4391 patients (of which 1001 patients were smokers) at the time of coronary angiography in 2008/2009...
May 5, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473034/perceived-discrimination-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-older-african-americans-insights-from-the-jackson-heart-study
#16
Shannon M Dunlay, Steven J Lippmann, Melissa A Greiner, Emily C O'Brien, Alanna M Chamberlain, Robert J Mentz, Mario Sims
OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations of perceived discrimination and cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in African Americans (AAs) in the Jackson Heart Study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 5085 AAs free of clinical CV disease at baseline enrolled in the Jackson Heart Study from September 26, 2000, through March 31, 2004, and followed through 2012, associations of everyday discrimination (frequency of occurrences of perceived unfair treatment) and lifetime discrimination (perceived unfair treatment in 9 life domains) with CV outcomes (all-cause mortality, incident coronary heart disease [CHD], incident stroke, and heart failure [HF] hospitalization) were examined using Cox proportional hazards regression models...
May 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472538/singapore-indian-eye-study-2-methodology-and-impact-of-migration-on-systemic-and-eye-outcomes
#17
Charumathi Sabanayagam, Wanfen Yip, Preeti Gupta, Riswana Bb Mohd Abdul, Ecosse Lamoureux, Neelam Kumari, Gemmy Cm Cheung, Carol Y Cheung, Jie Jin Wang, Ching-Yu Cheng, Tien Yin Wong
IMPORTANCE: Asian Indians are the fastest growing migration groups in the world. Studies evaluating the impact of migration on disease outcomes in this population are rare. BACKGROUND: We describe the methodology of the Singapore Indian Eye Study-2 (SINDI-2) aimed to evaluate the impact of migration status on diabetic retinopathy (DR) and other major age-related eye diseases in Asian Indians living in an urban environment. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study PARTICIPANTS: 2200 adults who participated in baseline SINDI (2007-09, mean age [range] = 57...
May 4, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467153/correlates-of-blunt-smoking-among-african-american-hispanic-latino-and-white-adults-results-from-the-2014-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#18
LaTrice Montgomery, Dale S Mantey
BACKGROUND: Blunt use is highly prevalent in the United States and has been associated with several negative health consequences, such as an increased risk for cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Although recent studies have identified characteristics (e.g., gender) that are associated with blunt use, it is unclear if these factors correlate with blunt use equally across racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, this study aimed to determine if demographic, health and substance use correlates of current (i...
May 3, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461360/mongolia-s-public-spending-on-noncommunicable-diseases-is-similar-to-the-spending-of-higher-income-countries
#19
Otgontuya Dugee, Enkhtuya Munaa, Ariuntuya Sakhiya, Ajay Mahal
Although there is increased recognition of the global challenge posed by noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), translating that awareness into resources for action requires better data than typically available in low- and middle-income countries. One middle-income country that does have good-quality information is Mongolia. Using detailed administrative data from Mongolia and supplementary survey-based information, we estimated public spending on four NCDs in Mongolia and reached four main conclusions. First, Mongolia's public spending patterns on NCDs are similar to NCD spending observed in countries with much higher per capita incomes...
May 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459945/the-identification-of-a-long-work-hours-threshold-for-predicting-elevated-risks-of-adverse-health-outcomes
#20
Sadie H Conway, Lisa A Pompeii, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, Jack L Follis, Robert E Roberts
Working long hours has been associated with adverse health outcomes; however, a definition of long work hours relative to adverse health risk has not been established. Repeated work hour measures among ~2,000 participants from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (1986-2011) were retrospectively analyzed to derive statistically optimized cut points of long work hours that best predicted three health outcomes. Work hours cut points were assessed for model fit, calibration, and discrimination separately for the outcomes of poor self-reported general health, incident cardiovascular disease, and incident cancer...
April 28, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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