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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342827/foreign-citizen-mortality-in-iceland-january-2006-december-2016
#1
S N Kunz, R Bingert
BACKGROUND: In recent years, tourism has become the number one account for foreign exchange income in Iceland, overtaking the fisheries industry and aluminium production. The rise of tourism has strongly affected Icelandic society in various sectors. With the increase of tourists visiting Iceland, the number of foreign citizens that died and were autopsied also rose. METHOD: Data were collected from the Department of Forensic Pathology at Landspitali University Hospital in Reykjavik for the period January 2006 - December 2016...
March 23, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338521/ethnicity-lipids-and-cardiovascular-disease
#2
Katia Gazzola, Rens Reeskamp, Bert-Jan van den Born
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of cardiovascular disease differs among ethnic groups and along geographic boundaries. At present, most of the projected increase in mortality from cardiovascular disease occurs in sub-Saharan African, Chinese and Southeast Asian populations. Ethnic disparities in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease coincide with quantitative and qualitative differences in risk factors for cardiovascular disease. High plasma cholesterol is one of the most important preventable causes of ischemic heart disease...
March 23, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336387/the-word-heart-federation-roadmap-for-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation
#3
Adrianna Murphy, Amitava Banerjee, Günter Breithardt, A John Camm, Patrick Commerford, Ben Freedman, J Antonio Gonzalez-Hermosillo, Jonathan L Halperin, Chu-Pak Lau, Pablo Perel, Denis Xavier, David Wood, Xavier Jouven, Carlos A Morillo
BACKGROUND: The World Heart Federation has undertaken an initiative to develop a series of Roadmaps to promote development of national policies and health systems approaches, and to identify potential roadblocks on the road to effective prevention, detection, and management of cardiovascular disease in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) and develop strategies for overcoming these. This Roadmap focuses on atrial fibrillation (AF). AF is the most common, clinically significant arrhythmia and, among other clinical outcomes, is associated with increased risk of stroke...
March 20, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332718/lower-risk-for-cardiovascular-mortality-for-patients-with-root-filled-teeth-in-a-finnish-population
#4
J H Meurman, S-J Janket, M Surakka, E A Jackson, L K Ackerson, H R Fakhri, S Chogle, A Walls
AIM: To investigate the relationship of radiographic evidence of root filled teeth to cardiovascular outcomes. METHODOLOGY: Baseline data for 506 subjects including 256 angiographically verified heart disease patients and 250 matched cardiologically healthy controls participating in the Kuopio Oral Health and Heart study were collected in 1995-1996. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortalities were accrued until May 31(st) 2015 and appended to the baseline data. Mortality status data were obtained from the Finnish National Death Register where all mortality cases and the causes of death are compiled for all Finnish citizens...
March 23, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330453/a-systematic-review-of-primary-care-models-for-non-communicable-disease-interventions-in-sub-saharan-africa
#5
Jennifer Kane, Megan Landes, Christopher Carroll, Amy Nolen, Sumeet Sodhi
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases, primarily cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, diabetes and cancer, are the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where communicable disease prevalence still outweighs that of non-communicable disease (NCDs), rates of NCDs are rapidly rising and evidence for primary healthcare approaches for these emerging NCDs is needed. METHODS: A systematic review and evidence synthesis of primary care approaches for chronic disease in SSA...
March 23, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321266/setting-priorities-to-address-cardiovascular-diseases-through-universal-health-coverage-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#6
REVIEW
David A Watkins, Rachel A Nugent
Over the past decade, universal health coverage (UHC) has emerged as a major policy goal for many low- and middle-income country governments. Yet, despite the high burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), relatively little is known about how to address CVD through UHC. This review covers three major topics. First, we define UHC and provide some context for its importance, and then we illustrate its relevance to CVD prevention and treatment. Second, we discuss how countries might select high-priority CVD interventions for a UHC health benefits package drawing on economic evaluation methods...
2017: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315111/neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-and-health-a-longitudinal-analysis
#7
Jennifer W Robinette, Susan T Charles, Tara L Gruenewald
Higher income neighborhoods are associated with better health, a relation observed in many cross-sectional studies. However, prior research focused on the prevalence of health conditions, and examining the incidence of new health conditions may provide stronger support for a potential causal role of neighborhoods on health. We used the 2004 and 2014 waves of the Midlife in the United States Study (n = 1726; ages 34-83) to examine health condition incidence as a function of neighborhood income. Among participants who had lived in the same neighborhood across the time period, we hypothesized that higher neighborhood income would be associated with a lower incidence of health conditions ten years later...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314800/performance-of-the-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-pooled-cohort-risk-equations-by-social-deprivation-status
#8
Lisandro D Colantonio, Joshua S Richman, April P Carson, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, George Howard, Luqin Deng, Virginia J Howard, Monika M Safford, Paul Muntner, David C Goff
BACKGROUND: The atherosclerosis cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) Pooled Cohort risk equations have shown different calibration across US populations with varied levels of social deprivation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the calibration and discrimination of the Pooled Cohort risk equations by social deprivation status among 9066 REGARDS (REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke) study participants not taking statins for whom ASCVD risk may lead to statin initiation...
March 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303690/greater-early-weight-gain-and-shorter-breastfeeding-are-associated-with-low-adolescent-adiponectin-levels
#9
M Reyes, R Burrows, E Blanco, B Lozoff, S Gahagan
BACKGROUND: Early life factors can programme future risk for cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVES: We explored associations between adolescent adiponectin levels and concomitant metabolic alteration and also looked at the association between early life factors and adolescent adiponectin levels. METHODS: We studied a longitudinal cohort of low-income to middle-income Chilean adolescents who were enroled in an infancy iron-deficiency anaemia preventive trial and follow-up studies at the Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile...
March 16, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299370/change-in-commute-mode-and-body-mass-index-prospective-longitudinal-evidence-from-uk-biobank
#10
Ellen Flint, Elizabeth Webb, Steven Cummins
BACKGROUND: Insufficient physical activity is a determinant of obesity and cardiovascular disease. Active travel to work has declined in high-income countries in recent decades. We aimed to determine which socioeconomic and demographic characteristics predicted switching to or from active commuting, whether switching from passive to active commuting (or the reverse) independently predicts change in objectively measured body-mass index (BMI), and to ascertain whether any association is attenuated by socioeconomic, demographic, or behavioural factors...
December 2016: Lancet Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296975/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-health-in-the-context-of-multimorbidity-a-korean-panel-study
#11
Myung Ki, Yo Han Lee, Yong-Soo Kim, Ji-Yeon Shin, Jiseun Lim, James Nazroo
Socioeconomic inequalities in health are commonly known to decrease at late age. Yet, it remains unclear whether socioeconomic inequalities in health at late age appear in relation to multimorbidity, particularly in Korea where social support remains unsatisfactory for older people. Using three waves of Korea Health Panel, data of 19,942 observations with repeated measure were constructed to ensure a temporal sequence between three socioeconomic measures (i.e., poverty, employment status, and education) and multimorbidity with a t to t+1 year transition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295129/exposure-to-fine-particulate-matter-air-pollution-in-canada
#12
Lauren Pinault, Aaron van Donkelaar, Randall V Martin
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) has been associated with a greater risk of non-accidental, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in Canada. Research based on Canadian cohorts suggests that exposure to PM2.5 varies by demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Studies of NO₂, another pollutant, indicate that persons of lower socioeconomic status and some visible minority groups have greater exposure in urban centres. DATA AND METHODS: National residential PM2...
March 15, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286697/prevalence-of-hypertension-among-patients-attending-mobile-medical-clinics-in-the-philippines-after-typhoon-haiyan
#13
Linda Meta Mobula, Mary Lou Fisher, Nathan Lau, Abi Estelle, Tom Wood, William Plyler
INTRODUCTION: On November 8, 2013, Super Typhoon Haiyan struck the Philippines, causing a humanitarian emergency. According to the World Health Organization, non-communicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, are the leading cause of death and disability around the world. NCDs kill 38 million people each year.  Sixteen million NCD deaths occur before the age of 70; 82% of which occurred in low- and middle-income countries.  NCDs are further exacerbated during a crisis, and addressing them should be a concern of any medical disaster response...
December 20, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285606/the-importance-of-dietary-dha-and-ara-in-early-life-a-public-health-perspective
#14
Stewart Forsyth, Sheila Gautier, Norman Salem
Although the literature on the contribution of DHA and arachidonic acid (ARA) to fundamental metabolic functions in brain, immune and cardiovascular systems is extensive, there is a lack of consensus on the need for explicit recommendations on dietary intake for both DHA and ARA during the early years of life. This review takes a public health perspective with the objective of ensuring that recommendations protect the most vulnerable children worldwide. Most studies on the effects of DHA and ARA in early life have been undertaken in high-income countries and this is reflected in policy recommendations...
March 13, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282878/optimizing-scoring-and-sampling-methods-for-assessing-built-neighborhood-environment-quality-in-residential-areas
#15
Joel Adu-Brimpong, Nathan Coffey, Colby Ayers, David Berrigan, Leah R Yingling, Samantha Thomas, Valerie Mitchell, Chaarushi Ahuja, Joshua Rivers, Jacob Hartz, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
Optimization of existing measurement tools is necessary to explore links between aspects of the neighborhood built environment and health behaviors or outcomes. We evaluate a scoring method for virtual neighborhood audits utilizing the Active Neighborhood Checklist (the Checklist), a neighborhood audit measure, and assess street segment representativeness in low-income neighborhoods. Eighty-two home neighborhoods of Washington, D.C. Cardiovascular Health/Needs Assessment (NCT01927783) participants were audited using Google Street View imagery and the Checklist (five sections with 89 total questions)...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277046/social-disparities-in-diabetes-care-a-general-population-study-in-denmark
#16
Andreas Heltberg, John Sahl Andersen, Jakob Kragstrup, Volkert Siersma, Håkon Sandholdt, Christina Ellervik
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between socioeconomic factors and the attainment of treatment goals and pharmacotherapy in patients with type 2 diabetes in Denmark. DESIGN: A cross-sectional population study. SETTING: The municipality of Naestved, Denmark. SUBJECTS: We studied 907 patients with type 2 diabetes identified from a random sample of 21,205 Danish citizens. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The proportion of patients who were not achieving goals for diabetes care based on their HbA1c, LDL-cholesterol, blood pressure, and lifestyle, and the proportion of patients who were treated with antihypertensive and cholesterol- and glucose-lowering medication...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274221/effectiveness-of-a-community-paramedic-led-health-assessment-and-education-initiative-in-a-seniors-residence-building-the-community-health-assessment-program-through-emergency-medical-services-chap-ems
#17
G Agarwal, R Angeles, M Pirrie, F Marzanek, B McLeod, J Parascandalo, L Dolovich
BACKGROUND: Seniors living in subsidized housing have lower income, poorer health, and increased risk for cardiometabolic diseases and falls. Seniors also account for more than one third of calls to Emergency Medical Services (EMS). This study examines the effectiveness of the Community Health Assessment Program through EMS (CHAP-EMS) in reducing blood pressure, diabetes risk, and EMS calls. METHODS: Paramedics on modified duty (e.g. injured) conducted weekly, one-on-one drop-in sessions in a common area of one subsidized senior's apartment building in Hamilton, Ontario...
March 9, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274219/a-household-survey-of-medicine-storage-practices-in-gondar-town-northwestern-ethiopia
#18
Fitsum Sebsibe Teni, Abdrrahman Shemsu Surur, Assefa Belay, Dawit Wondimsigegn, Dessalegn Asmelashe Gelayee, Zewdneh Shewamene, Befikadu Legesse, Eshetie Melese Birru
BACKGROUND: Household surveys are crucial to get accurate information on how medicines are acquired, and used by consumers, as they provide the best evidence in the area. The objective of this study was to document household medicine storage practices in Gondar town, northwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional household survey was conducted from April 5 to May 6, 2015. In the study, 809 households were surveyed from four sub-cities in the town selected through multistage sampling with 771 included in the final analysis...
March 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271964/health-literacy-in-suriname
#19
Frederieke S Diemer, Yentl C Haan, Rani V Nannan Panday, Gert A van Montfrans, Glenn P Oehlers, Lizzy M Brewster
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy is an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality. However, data on health literacy in low- and middle-income countries are scarce. Therefore, we assessed the level of health literacy in Suriname, a middle-income country with a high cardiovascular mortality. METHODS: We estimated health literacy in a convenience sample at an urban outpatient center in the capital and at a semirural health center, using the validated Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine adapted for the Dutch language (REALM-D) instrument...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270186/total-cardiovascular-risk-for-next-10%C3%A2-years-among-rural-population-of-nepal-using-who-ish-risk-prediction-chart
#20
Mahesh Kumar Khanal, M S A Mansur Ahmed, Mohammad Moniruzzaman, Palash Chandra Banik, Raja Ram Dhungana, Pratiksha Bhandari, Surya Devkota, Arun Shayami
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Primary prevention of CVD based on total CVD risk approach using WHO/ISH risk prediction chart would be more effective to stratify population under different risk levels, prioritize and utilize the scarce resources of low and middle-income countries. This study estimated total 10-year CVD risk and determined the proportion of population who need immediate drug therapy among the rural population of Nepal...
March 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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