keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"income" AND "cardiovascular"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197328/family-functioning-and-communication-in-spouses-of-patients-with-parkinsonism
#1
Seo Young Kang, Myung Hwa Yang, Jung Ah Lee, Wooyoung Jang, Chong Sik Lee, Young Sik Kim
BACKGROUND: Patients with parkinsonism exhibit motor symptoms, cognitive impairment, and neuropsychiatric changes, and these symptoms increase caregiver burden. Family dynamics can be influenced by the presence of comorbidities, which is especially important in diseases causing caregiver burden. We investigated the effects of spousal parkinsonism on family functioning and communication. METHODS: Couples without parkinsonism, who visited hospital-based family practices, were recruited by 28 family physicians from 22 hospitals between April 2009 and June 2011; patients with parkinsonism and their spouses were recruited from a single institution...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196524/financial-barriers-and-adverse-clinical-outcomes-among-patients-with-cardiovascular-related-chronic-diseases-a-cohort-study
#2
David J T Campbell, Braden J Manns, Robert G Weaver, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Kathryn M King-Shier, Claudia Sanmartin
BACKGROUND: Some patients with cardiovascular-related chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease report financial barriers to achieving optimal health. Previous surveys report that the perception of having a financial barrier is associated with self-reported adverse clinical outcomes. We sought to confirm these findings using linked survey and administrative data to determine, among patients with cardiovascular-related chronic diseases, if there is an association between perceived financial barriers and the outcomes of: (1) disease-related hospitalizations, (2) all-cause mortality and (3) inpatient healthcare costs...
February 15, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193490/physical-activity-and-academic-achievement-across-the-curriculum-results-from-a-3-year-cluster-randomized-trial
#3
Joseph E Donnelly, Charles H Hillman, Jerry L Greene, David M Hansen, Cheryl A Gibson, Debra K Sullivan, John Poggio, Matthew S Mayo, Kate Lambourne, Amanda N Szabo-Reed, Stephen D Herrmann, Jeffery J Honas, Mark R Scudder, Jessica L Betts, Katherine Henley, Suzanne L Hunt, Richard A Washburn
We compared changes in academic achievement across 3years between children in elementary schools receiving the Academic Achievement and Physical Activity Across the Curriculum intervention (A+PAAC), in which classroom teachers were trained to deliver academic lessons using moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) compared to a non-intervention control. Elementary schools in eastern Kansas (n=17) were cluster randomized to A+PAAC (N=9, target ≥100min/week) or control (N=8). Academic achievement (math, reading, spelling) was assessed using the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test-Third Edition (WIAT-III) in a sample of children (A+PAAC=316, Control=268) in grades 2 and 3 at baseline (Fall 2011) and repeated each spring across 3years...
February 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192044/an-early-look-at-the-association-between-state-medicaid-expansion-and-disparities-in-cardiovascular-diseases-a-comprehensive-population-health-management-approach
#4
Christopher K Rogers, Ning Jackie Zhang
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases nationally and disproportionately affects low-income individuals. There are substantial disparities on CVD outcomes that stem from the lack of health insurance among low-income populations. The Affordable Care Act expands Medicaid health insurance to low-income populations, and aims to increase the utilization of health, social, and economic preventive services to reduce health disparities and prevent chronic diseases. The authors analyzed data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to understand the potential impact of Medicaid expansion on disparities in CVD among low-income populations...
February 13, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182763/evaluation-of-the-nutritional-status-of-workers-of-transformation-industries-adherent-to-the-brazilian-workers-food-program-a-comparative-study
#5
Ingrid W Leal Bezerra, António Gouveia Oliveira, Liana G B Pinheiro, Célia M M Morais, Luciano M B Sampaio
The objective of this study was to assess whether the Brazilian Workers' Food Program (WFP) is associated with changes in the nutritional status of workers in the transformation industry. We conducted a cross-sectional, observational, comparative study, based on prospectively collected data from a combined stratified and two-stage probability sample of workers from 26 small and medium size companies, 13 adherent and 13 non-adherent to the WFP, in the food, mining and textile sectors. Study variables were body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and dietary intake at lunch obtained by 24-hour dietary recall...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182617/statins-in-hiv-infected-patients-potential-beneficial-effects-and-clinical-use
#6
Enrique Bernal, Mar Masiá, Irene Marín, Félix Gutiérrez
Patients living with HIV have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease that is considered to be the result of an interaction between traditional cardiovascular risk factors, particularly smoking and dyslipidemia, and persistent chronic inflammation and immune activation associated with HIV infection, along with side effects of antiretroviral therapy. In the general population, the administration of statins has been associated with a reduction in cardiovascular disease-associated mortality, and these drugs are among the most common class of medication prescribed in high-income countries...
February 9, 2017: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179415/factors-related-to-receipt-of-non-cancer-related-transurethral-prostatectomy-findings-from-a-large-prospective-study-of-106%C3%A2-769-middle-aged-and-older-australian-men
#7
Grace Joshy, Kay Soga, Rosemary J Korda, Manish I Patel, Emily Banks
BACKGROUND: Transurethral prostatectomy (TURP) is a common surgical intervention for chronic lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Little large-scale evidence exists on factors related to receipt of non-cancer-related TURP. METHODS: A prospective study of men aged ≥45 years participating in the 45 and Up Study, a large Australian cohort study, without prior prostatectomy and/or bowel/genital/urinary-tract cancer; questionnaire data were linked to hospitalisations and deaths...
February 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176250/hot-topic-global-burden-of-treating-hypertension-what-is-the-role-of-the-emergency-department
#8
REVIEW
Aaron M Brody, Vijaya A Kumar, Phillip D Levy
Hypertension (HTN) is the most common modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality worldwide. Lower- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are projected to bear the vast majority of this disease burden, but local and regional health care delivery systems in these countries are ill equipped to meet this need. Emergency care is receiving increased recognition as a crucial component of public and community health. The rapid evolution of emergency care in LMICs provides a unique opportunity to develop innovative strategies, incorporating existing strengths of emergency departments, to address this paradigm shift in the disease burden associated with HTN on a global scale...
January 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176186/ethnic-inequalities-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-hospitalization-rates-among-young-and-middle-aged-adults-in-northern-italy-high-risk-for-south-asians
#9
Ugo Fedeli, Laura Cestari, Eliana Ferroni, Francesco Avossa, Mario Saugo, Pietro Amedeo Modesti
The knowledge of ethnic-specific health needs is now essential to design effective health services and population-based prevention strategies. However, data on migrant populations living in Southern Europe are limited. The study is designed to investigate ethnic inequalities in hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the Veneto region (Italy). Hospital admissions for AMI in Veneto for the whole resident population aged 20-59 years during 2008-2013 were studied. Age and gender-specific AMI hospitalization rates for immigrant groups (classified by country of origin according to the United Nations geoscheme) and Italians were calculated...
February 7, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170413/baseline-assessment-of-who-s-target-for-both-availability-and-affordability-of-essential-medicines-to-treat-non-communicable-diseases
#10
Margaret Ewen, Marjolein Zweekhorst, Barbara Regeer, Richard Laing
BACKGROUND: WHO has set a voluntary target of 80% availability of affordable essential medicines, including generics, to treat major non-communicable diseases (NCDs), in the public and private sectors of countries by 2025. We undertook a secondary analysis of data from 30 surveys in low- and middle-income countries, conducted from 2008-2015 using the World Health Organization (WHO)/Health Action International (HAI) medicine availability and price survey methodology, to establish a baseline for this target...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167497/cardiovascular-diseases-and-risk-factor-burden-in-urban-and-rural-communities-in-high-middle-and-low-income-regions-of-china-a%C3%A2-large-community-based-epidemiological-study
#11
Ruohua Yan, Wei Li, Lu Yin, Yang Wang, Jian Bo
BACKGROUND: Most cardiovascular diseases occur in low- and middle-income regions of the world, but the socioeconomic distribution within China remains unclear. Our study aims to investigate whether the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases differs among high-, middle-, and low-income regions of China and to explore the reasons for the disparities. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 46 285 individuals from 115 urban and rural communities in 12 provinces across China between 2005 and 2009...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164150/vigilance-at-home-longitudinal-analyses-of-neighborhood-safety-perceptions-and-health
#12
Jennifer W Robinette, Susan T Charles, Tara L Gruenewald
Feeling unsafe in one's neighborhood is associated with poor health. This relation may be conferred through multiple pathways, including greater psychological distress and health behaviors that are associated with poorer health and perceptions of neighborhood safety. Women and older adults often report feeling less safe in their environments despite having a lower risk of victimization than men and younger adults, and it is unclear whether these differences influence the health-perception relationship. We used the Midlife in the United States study to test whether baseline neighborhood safety perceptions would be associated with chronic health conditions 10 years later, and whether this relation differs by gender, age, and individual and neighborhood SES...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161284/socioeconomic-status-and-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-impact-of-dietary-mediators
#13
REVIEW
Theodora Psaltopoulou, George Hatzis, Nikolaos Papageorgiou, Emmanuel Androulakis, Alexandros Briasoulis, Dimitris Tousoulis
It is well known that cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in the western societies. A number of risk factors such as family history, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, diabetes, smoking and physical inactivity are responsible for a significant proportion of the overall cardiovascular risk. Interestingly, recent data suggest there is a gradient in the incidence, morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease across the spectrum of socioeconomic status, as this is defined by educational level, occupation or income...
February 1, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160451/association-between-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-fasting-blood-glucose-level-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-among-low-income-adults-in-rural-china
#14
Liu Gao, Lingling Bai, Min Shi, Jingxian Ni, Hongyan Lu, Yanan Wu, Jun Tu, Xianjia Ning, Jinghua Wang, Yukun Li
AIMS: Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is an established predictor of cardiovascular disease and stroke. We aimed to identify the association between CIMT and blood glucose as well as the risk factors associated with increased CIMT in a low-income Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stroke-free and cardiovascular disease-free residents aged ≥45 years were recruited. B-mode ultrasonography was performed to measure CIMT. RESULTS: There were 2643 participants (71...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157672/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-taste-and-smell-impairment-in-a-nationwide-representative-sample-of-the-us-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Gang Liu, Geng Zong, Richard L Doty, Qi Sun
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of, and explore potential risk factors for, taste and smell dysfunction in the general population of the USA. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A cross-sectional analysis of data collected in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2013-2014). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3519 men and women aged 40 years and older who participated in NHANES 2013-2014. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Using the NHANES Pocket Smell Test, smell impairment was defined as failing to correctly identify 6 or more of the 8 odours...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153648/cost-effectiveness-of-subsidizing-fruit-and-vegetable-purchases-through-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#16
Sung Eun Choi, Hilary Seligman, Sanjay Basu
INTRODUCTION: A diet high in fruits and vegetables (FV) is associated with reduced risk of chronic disease. One strategy to incentivize FV consumption among low-income households is to make them more affordable through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). This study aims to identify the cost effectiveness of subsidizing FV purchases among the one in seven Americans who participate in SNAP. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted from a societal perspective to estimate lifetime costs and health gains associated with subsidizing FV purchases...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152012/what-is-the-economic-evidence-for-mhealth-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations-of-mhealth-solutions
#17
Sarah J Iribarren, Kenrick Cato, Louise Falzon, Patricia W Stone
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) is often reputed to be cost-effective or cost-saving. Despite optimism, the strength of the evidence supporting this assertion has been limited. In this systematic review the body of evidence related to economic evaluations of mHealth interventions is assessed and summarized. METHODS: Seven electronic bibliographic databases, grey literature, and relevant references were searched. Eligibility criteria included original articles, comparison of costs and consequences of interventions (one categorized as a primary mHealth intervention or mHealth intervention as a component of other interventions), health and economic outcomes and published in English...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151437/cardiovascular-diseases-and-hard-drinking-waters-implications-from-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#18
Vincenza Gianfredi, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Daniele Nucci, Milena Villarini, Massimo Moretti
This systematic review with meta-analysis, performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, aims at evaluating the potential correlation between magnesium and calcium concentration in drinking waters and the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), which impose a considerable burden in high-income countries. Included studies were of the case-control studies type. From an initial list of 643 potentially eligible articles, seven studies were finally retained in the quantitative analysis...
February 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137915/societal-costs-and-patients-experience-of-health-inequities-before-and-after-diagnosis-of-psoriatic-arthritis-a-danish-cohort-study
#19
Lars Erik Kristensen, Tanja S Jørgensen, Robin Christensen, Henrik Gudbergsen, Lene Dreyer, Christine Ballegaard, Lennart T H Jacobsson, Vibeke Strand, Philip J Mease, Jakob Kjellberg
OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively study the comorbidities, healthcare and public transfer (allowance) costs in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) before and after diagnosis. METHODS: Nationwide cohort study, using data from Danish registries from January 1998 through December 2014. A total of 10 525 patients with PsA and 20 777 matched general population comparator (GPC) subjects were included. Societal costs, employment status and occurrence of comorbidities in patients with PsA both before and after diagnosis were compared with GPC subjects...
January 30, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135122/secular-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-in-a-cohort-of-iranian-adults-from-2001-to-2013
#20
Hossein Khosravi-Boroujeni, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Mohammad Talaei, Shu-Kay Ng, Hai Phung, Ali Pourmogaddas, Faruk Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components increase the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, and all-cause mortality. Reports on the trends of MetS and its components in longitudinal studies are scarce, especially in low- and middle-income countries. This study was designed to investigate the prevalence and trends of MetS and its components in a cohort of Iranian adults from 2001 to 2013. METHODS: Participants were followed up for 12 years in a longitudinal population-based study of 6500 adults aged 35 years and older in 2001...
January 30, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
keyword
keyword
110164
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"