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"income" AND "cardiovascular"

B Ruth Clark, Mary L Uhrich, Tiffany C Dill, M Leanne White, Laurel Milam, Nicole Ackermann, Cassandra Arroyo, Susan B Racette
The aim of this study was to explore the relationship of aerobic fitness with the elementary school environment and student characteristics among 4th and 5th grade children attending urban public schools in St. Louis, MO, USA. This cross-sectional study was conducted during 2012-2015 and included 2381 children (mean age 10.5 y) who completed the FITNESSGRAM® 20-m Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run. Healthy Fitness Zone (HFZ) was defined according to FITNESSGRAM® aerobic capacity criteria. Other student-level variables included age, race, National School Lunch Program eligibility, BMI z-score, weight status, and daily pedometer steps...
December 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Katherine A Sauder, Jeanette M Stafford, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth T Jensen, Sharon Saydah, Amy Mottl, Lawrence M Dolan, Richard F Hamman, Jean M Lawrence, Catherine Pihoker, Santica Marcovina, Ralph B D'Agostino, Dana Dabelea
BACKGROUND: One in three adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes have at least one early diabetes-related complication or comorbidity. We aimed to examine the prevalence and pattern of co-occurring complications in this population, as well as the related risk factors. METHODS: This observational cohort study includes data from individuals diagnosed with type 1 diabetes before age 20 years who participated in the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study across five sites in the USA...
November 5, 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Tamrat Befekadu Abebe, Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Daniel Asfaw Erku, Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie, Tadesse Melaku Abegaz
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure (HF), a major cardiovascular disorder, remains a grievous clinical condition regardless of advances in medical care. Hyponatremia is classified as a serum sodium concentration of <135 mEq/L, and the prevalence, clinical impact and prognostic factor of hyponatremia in heart failure patients varies widely. The current study was conducted with the aim of assessing the prevalence of hyponatremia in patients hospitalized with a diagnosis of HF and comparing baseline clinical characteristic of HF patients based on their sodium status...
2018: PloS One
Raphael Anakwue
Cardiovascular disease has maintained the unenviable position as the number one cause of death in the world. It is now clear that the traditional risk factors of cardiovascular disease are driven by primary factors like globalisation, urbanisation, industrialisation and agricultural practices. Pesticide use is an integral component of modern and improved agriculture. The abuse and misuse of these chemicals has caused significant poisoning worldwide and particularly in low- and middle-income countries where Africa belongs...
November 7, 2018: Cardiovascular Toxicology
Wenwen Yang, Rulin Ma, Xianghui Zhang, Heng Guo, Jia He, Lei Mao, Lati Mu, Yunhua Hu, Yizhong Yan, Jiaming Liu, Jiaolong Ma, Shugang Li, Yusong Ding, Mei Zhang, Jingyu Zhang, Shuxia Guo
Metabolic syndrome (MS) and Framingham risk score (FRS) can be used for predicting the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Previous studies that compared FRS and MS have focused on high-income urban areas. This study focused on the comparison between FRS and MS when used in nomadic minorities in mountain areas. Moreover, an applicable tool for predicting the risk of developing CVD was identified. 2,286 participants who were recruited from the far west of China were followed-up for a median of 5...
November 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
Rachel S Fisher, Joseph R Rausch, Amanda C Ferrante, Kemar V Prussien, Randal S Olshefski, Kathryn A Vannatta, Bruce E Compas, Cynthia A Gerhardt
OBJECTIVE: The majority of childhood cancer survivors develop at least one late effect subsequent to treatment (eg, cardiovascular disease and obesity). Consistent engagement in recommended health behaviors may mitigate some of these conditions. Researchers have identified early survivorship as a teachable moment, yet few studies have examined positive health behaviors during this period. METHODS: Families of children with cancer (ages 5-17) were initially recruited following a diagnosis or relapse of cancer...
November 6, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Joanne Karam, Cristina Bouzas, Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Pedrero-Chamizo, Antoni Sureda, Marcela González-Gross, Josep A Tur
In this study, we assessed physical condition and its association with body composition, nutrient intake, sociodemographic characteristics, and lifestyle habits in older Spanish adults. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated 380 individuals (54% women; men aged 55⁻80 years and women aged 60⁻80 years) with no previously documented cardiovascular disease. A general questionnaire was used, and body weight, height, fat, appendicular skeletal muscle mass, and waist circumference were assessed. Physical condition measurements included handgrip strength (HGS) and agility/dynamic balance by eight-foot time up-and-go (8-f TUG) test...
November 1, 2018: Nutrients
Simiao Chen, Michael Kuhn, Klaus Prettner, David E Bloom
We develop and calibrate a dynamic production function model to assess how noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) will affect U.S. productive capacity in 2015-2050. In this framework, aggregate output is produced according to a human capital-augmented production function that accounts for the effects of projected disease prevalence. NCDs influence the economy through the following pathways: 1) when working-age individuals die of a disease, aggregate output undergoes a direct loss because physical capital can only partially substitute for the loss of human capital in the production process...
2018: PloS One
Mahmoud Fikri, Asmus Hammerich
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of death worldwide. They are responsible for approximately 68% of global mortality each year, with cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases being the four main NCD killers. It is estimated that annually, 16 million people die prematurely (before the age of 70) as a result of NCD. The majority of NCD deaths (74%) occur in low- and middle-income countries, where this public health crisis is especially challenging due to severe social and economic conditions already faced...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Simone de Melo Costa, Cássio de Almeida Lima, André Luiz Cândido Sarmento Drumond Nobre, Davi de Melo Alvarenga Vieira, André Luiz Ramos Leal
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the number of hypertensive patients with high and very high risk for cardiovascular diseases with socioeconomic and health indicators. METHODS: An ecological study carried out from the National Registry of Hypertension and Diabetes (SisHiperDia). The variable "hypertensive patients with high and very high risk" was correlated with the Human Development Index, health care costs and services, average household income per capita, per capita municipal income, number of hospital admissions in SUS, number of medical consultations in the SUS and specific mortality due to diseases of the circulatory system, considering the 27 federative units of Brazil...
July 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
G V Artamonova, M V Tabakaiev, S A Maksimov, L S Barbarash
The purpose of the study is modeling and analysis of effect of social economic characteristics of regions on population mortality of cardiovascular diseases. The official data of the Federal service of state statistics of the Russian Federation were used concerning social economic indices and mortality of cardiovascular diseases in the regions of Russia in 2012. The selection of social economic indices included percentage of males in population structure, percentage of individuals of retirement age, percentage of urban population, percentage of individuals with income lower that living wage, percentage of the unemployed individuals, Gini coefficient, percentage of individuals with university education, atmosphere air pollution with emissions of permanent sources, average per capita consumption of vodka and liqueurs, criminality, percentage of regional budget for social cultural expenses, percentage of workers involved in unhealthy labor conditions from total number of population of region...
July 2018: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Rani Nannan Panday, Yentl Haan, Frederieke Diemer, Amar Punwasi, Chantal Rommy, Ingrid Heerenveen, Gert A van Montfrans, Lizzy M Brewster
The high cardiovascular risk burden in low- and middle-income countries is expected to lead to an explosive increase in chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, population data on CKD from these countries are scarce. Therefore, we assessed kidney health in Suriname. In the Healthy Life in Suriname (HeliSur) study, a random sample of the adult population, we collected data with standardized questionnaires, physical examination, and blood and urine samples analysed in a central laboratory. Prevalent CKD was graded with KDIGO guidelines...
October 26, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Cédric Rat, Heloise Schmeltz, Sylvain Rocher, France Nanin, Aurélie Gaultier, Jean-Michel Nguyen
BACKGROUND: International guidelines recommend avoiding prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based prostate cancer screening in the elderly when life expectancy is less than 10 years. For younger men, most recommendations encourage a shared decision-making process taking into account patient comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the performance of PSA-based prostate cancer screening in men older than 74 years and assess whether the presence (vs absence) of comorbidities was related to the performance of PSA testing in younger men aged 50 to 74 years who were eligible for screening...
October 23, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
M J Magee, A D Salindri, U P Gujral, S C Auld, J Bao, J S Haw, H-H Lin, H Kornfeld
The intersection of tuberculosis (TB) with non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including diabetes mellitus (DM), chronic lung disease (CLD), and cardiovascular disease (CVD), has emerged as a critical clinical and public health challenge. Rapidly expanding NCD epidemics threaten TB control in low- and middle-income countries, where the prevention and treatment of TB disease remain a great burden. However, to date, the notion that TB may adversely impact NCD risk and severity has not been well explored. This review summarizes biomedical hypotheses, findings from animal models, and emerging epidemiologic data related to the progression of DM, CLD and CVD during and after active TB disease...
November 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
R Huque, S Nasreen, F Ahmed, J P Hicks, J Walley, J N Newell, H Elsey
BACKGROUND: Almost three quarters of non-communicable disease (NCD) deaths, and 82% of premature NCD deaths, occur in low- and middle-income countries. Bangladesh has an estimated 7 million hypertensives and 10 million diabetics, and primary care is struggling to respond. Our aim was to develop and support implementation of a diabetes and hypertension case management package, and assess its appropriateness, feasibility and acceptability in two NCD clinics within two primary-care centres in Bangladesh...
October 23, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Sujan Banik, Mitanoor Rahman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The increasing prevalence of overweight/obesity is a leading public health concern in high-, middle-, and low-income countries. Our study aimed to present published data on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Bangladeshi children, adolescents, and adults. In this systemic literature review, electronic search engines of PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and the Bangladesh Journals Online were used to find relevant articles published between 2007 and 2017 based on predefined inclusion/exclusion principles...
December 2018: Current Obesity Reports
James Paik, Pegah Golabi, Zahra Younoszai, Alita Mishra, Gregory Trimble, Zobair M Younossi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) share similar pathophysiologic features. Our aim was to assess the association between different stages of CKD and mortality in patients with NAFLD. METHODS: NHANES-III-linked mortality files were utilized. NAFLD was diagnosed by hepatic ultrasound and CKD was defined according to the Kidney Disease Improving Global outcomes guideline. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard model was used to assess the effect of CKD on overall and cardiovascular mortality...
October 22, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Charles Agyemang, Bert-Jan van den Born
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) remain a major challenge in the 21st century. High-income (HICs) populations are ethnically and culturally diverse due to international migration. Evidence suggests that NCDs rates differ between migrants and the host populations in HICs. This paper presents a review of NCDs burden among migrant groups in HICs in Europe, North America and Australia with a major focus on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), cancer and diabetes.CVD risk differs by country of origin, country of destination and duration of residence...
October 20, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
Shirali Kharamin, Mohammad Malekzadeh, Arash Aria, Hamide Ashraf, Hamid Reza Ghafarian Shirazi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the most prevalent public health problem on a worldwide scale, and ischemic heart disease accounts for approximately one-half of these events in high-income countries. One of the most important risk factors for this disease is mental and psychological especially stressful experiences. AIM: This research was established to compare emotional processing, as a key factor in stress appraisal, between IHD patients and people with no cardiovascular disease...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Samaah Sullivan, Heval M Kelli, Muhammad Hammadah, Matthew Topel, Kobina Wilmot, Ronnie Ramadan, Brad D Pearce, Amit Shah, Bruno B Lima, Jeong Hwan Kim, Shakia Hardy, Oleksiy Levantsevych, Malik Obideen, Belal Kaseer, Laura Ward, Michael Kutner, Allison Hankus, Yi-An Ko, Michael R Kramer, Tené T Lewis, J Douglas Bremner, Arshed Quyyumi, Viola Vaccarino
Living in neighborhoods characterized by poverty may act as a chronic stressor that results in physiological dysregulation of the sympathetic nervous system. No previous study has assessed neighborhood poverty with hemodynamic, neuroendocrine, and immune reactivity to stress. We used data from 632 patients with coronary artery disease. Patients' residential addresses were geocoded and merged with poverty data from the 2010 American Community Survey at the census-tract level. A z-transformation was calculated to classify census tracts (neighborhoods) as either having 'high' or 'low' poverty...
October 1, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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