keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"income" AND "cardiovascular"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160435/risk-factors-in-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-associated-with-high-exposure-to-vehicular-traffic
#1
Poliany Cristiny de Oliveira Rodrigues, Emerson Soares Dos Santos, Sandra de Souza Hacon, Eliane Ignotti
OBJECTIVE: To identify areas and risk factors in cardiovascular disease (CD) mortality associated with air pollution from high exposure to vehicular traffic. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of CD mortality in 2,617 individuals aged 45-85 years living in the urban area of Cuiabá and Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, between 2009 and 2011. We used the residential proximity of up to 150 meters to a roadway of great vehicle flow as a proxy of high exposure to air pollution from vehicular traffic...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151042/patient-centered-assessment-on-disease-burden-quality-of-life-and-treatment-satisfaction-associated-with-acromegaly
#2
Shuqian Liu, Daphne T Adelman, Yaping Xu, Jillone Sisco, Susan M Begelman, Susan M Webb, Xavier Badia, Tina K Thethi, Vivian Fonseca, Lizheng Shi
The study aimed to assess the economic burden, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and acromegaly treatment satisfaction in the USA. A web-based, cross-sectional survey was distributed to members of Acromegaly Community. Data related to comorbidities, treatment patterns, and treatment satisfaction were collected. The costs over the past 3 months included out-of-pocket cost, sick leave, leave of absence, direct loss of job due to acromegaly, unemployment, assistance to perform household chores, and family member loss of income...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150534/migration-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-ghanaian-populations-in-europe-the-rodam-study-research-on-obesity-and-diabetes-among-african-migrants
#3
Daniel Boateng, Charles Agyemang, Erik Beune, Karlijn Meeks, Liam Smeeth, Matthias Schulze, Juliet Addo, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Cecilia Galbete, Silver Bahendeka, Ina Danquah, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Joachim Spranger, Andre P Kengne, Diederick E Grobbee, Karien Stronks, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch
BACKGROUND: For migrant populations from sub-Saharan Africa, adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors have been observed to be higher than found in their home country-based counterparts or among the host populations in high-income countries. Differences in absolute overall CVD risk, however, remain largely unexplained. We, therefore, predicted the differences in 10-year CVD risk among sub-Saharan African migrants (Ghanaians) living in 3 European cities and Ghana. METHODS AND RESULTS: For 3864 subjects aged 40 to 70 years from the multicenter RODAM study (Research on Obesity and Diabetes Among African Migrants) conducted among Ghanaian adults residing in rural and urban Ghana and 3 European cities (Amsterdam, Berlin, and London), 10-year risk of CVD was estimated using the Pooled Cohort Equations with estimates ≥7...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146489/exploring-the-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-using-evidence-based-drugs-in-the-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-findings-from-a-multistakeholder-qualitative-analysis
#4
Victoria Miller, Lavanya Nambiar, Malvika Saxena, Darryl Leong, Amitava Banerjee, José Pablo Werba, Jose Rocha Faria Neto, Katherine Curi Quinto, Mohammed Moniruzzaman, Shweta Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Health-system barriers and facilitators associated with cardiovascular medication adherence have seldom been studied, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where uptake rates are poorest. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the major obstacles and facilitators to the use of evidence-supported medications for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease using qualitative analysis in 2 diverse countries across multiple levels of their health care systems...
November 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145355/disparities-in-state-specific-adult-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-united-states-2015
#5
Seung Hee Lee-Kwan, Latetia V Moore, Heidi M Blanck, Diane M Harris, Deb Galuska
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that Americans consume more fruits and vegetables as part of an overall dietary pattern to reduce the risk for diet-related chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, some cancers, and obesity (1). Adults should consume 1.5-2.0 cup equivalents of fruits and 2.0-3.0 cups of vegetables per day.* Overall, few adults in each state met intake recommendations according to 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data; however, sociodemographic characteristics known to be associated with fruit and vegetable consumption were not examined (2)...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142000/heartbeat-implementation-gaps-in-cardiovascular-care-in-middle-low-income-countries
#6
Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Catherine M Otto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137869/morbidity-and-mortality-in-homeless-individuals-prisoners-sex-workers-and-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Robert W Aldridge, Alistair Story, Stephen W Hwang, Merete Nordentoft, Serena A Luchenski, Greg Hartwell, Emily J Tweed, Dan Lewer, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Andrew C Hayward
BACKGROUND: Inclusion health focuses on people in extremely poor health due to poverty, marginalisation, and multimorbidity. We aimed to review morbidity and mortality data on four overlapping populations who experience considerable social exclusion: homeless populations, individuals with substance use disorders, sex workers, and imprisoned individuals. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies published between Jan 1, 2005, and Oct 1, 2015...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133473/evaluating-and-improving-cardiovascular-health-system-management-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Sang Gune K Yoo, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Mark D Huffman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128648/a-hypertension-emergency-department-intervention-aimed-at-decreasing-disparities-design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Heather M Prendergast, Marina Del Rios, Renee Petzel-Gimbar, Daniel Garside, Sara Heinert, Sandra Escobar-Schulz, Pavitra Kotini-Shah, Michael Brown, Jinsong Chen, Joseph Colla, Marian Fitzgibbon, Ramon A Durazo-Arvizu, Martha Daviglus
Effective interventions to identify and treat uncontrolled hypertension (HTN), particularly in underrepresented populations that use the emergency department (ED) for primary care, are critically needed. Uncontrolled HTN contributes significantly to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and is more frequently encountered among patients presenting to the ED as compared to the primary care setting. EDs serve as the point of entry into the health care system for high-risk patient populations, including minority and low-income patients...
November 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120958/best-antihypertensive-strategies-to-improve-blood-pressure-control-in-latin-america-position-of-the-latin-american-society-of-hypertension
#10
Antonio Coca, Patricio López-Jaramillo, Costas Thomopoulos, Alberto Zanchetti
: Evidence from randomized trials has shown that effective treatment with blood pressure (BP)-lowering medications reduces the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with hypertension. Therefore, hypertension control and prevention of subsequent morbidity and mortality should be achievable for all patients worldwide. However, many people in Latin America remain undiagnosed, untreated or have inadequately controlled BP, even where this is access to health systems. Barriers to hypertension control in low-income countries include difficulties in transportation to health services; inappropriate opening hours; difficulties in making clinic appointments; inaccessible healthcare facilities, lack of insurance and high treatment costs...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117341/association-of-physical-activity-with-risk-of-major-cardiovascular-diseases-in-chinese-men-and-women
#11
Derrick A Bennett, Huaidong Du, Robert Clarke, Yu Guo, Ling Yang, Zheng Bian, Yiping Chen, Iona Millwood, Canqing Yu, Pan He, Xiangyang Zheng, Rory Collins, Junshi Chen, Richard Peto, Liming Li, Zhengming Chen
Importance: In China, the patterns and levels of physical activity differed from those in high-income countries. Substantial uncertainty remains about the relevance, both qualitatively and quantitatively, of domain-specific physical activity for cardiovascular disease (CVD) subtypes in Chinese adults. Objective: To assess the shape and strength of the associations of total, occupational, and nonoccupational physical activity with CVD subtypes in Chinese men and women...
November 8, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116930/long-term-fine-particulate-matter-exposure-and-nonaccidental-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-a-large-national-cohort-of-chinese-men
#12
Peng Yin, Michael Brauer, Aaron Cohen, Richard T Burnett, Jiangmei Liu, Yunning Liu, Ruiming Liang, Weihua Wang, Jinlei Qi, Lijun Wang, Maigeng Zhou
BACKGROUND: Cohort studies in North America and western Europe have reported increased risk of mortality associated with long-term exposure to fine particles (PM2.5), but to date, no such studies have been reported in China, where higher levels of exposure are experienced. OBJECTIVES: We estimated the association between long-term exposure to PM2.5 with nonaccidental and cause-specific mortality in a cohort of Chinese men. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 189,793 men 40 y old or older during 1990-91 from 45 areas in China...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113385/association-between-body-mass-index-and-presence-of-carotid-plaque-among-low-income-adults-aged-45-years-and-older-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-china
#13
Yongzhong Lou, Bin Li, Lan Su, Zhenhong Mu, Minghao Sun, Hongfei Gu, Jingxian Ni, Yanan Wu, Jun Tu, Jinghua Wang, Xianjia Ning
Carotid plaque is a good surrogate endpoint for assessing arterial atherosclerosis, and atherosclerosis is a reliable predictor of cardiovascular diseases. However, the effect of body mass index on carotid plaque is unknown. Therefore, we aimed to explore the association between body mass index and carotid plaque in a low-income Chinese population. Residents aged ≥45 years and free of stroke and cardiovascular diseases were enrolled and divided into four groups based on body mass index. B-mode ultrasonography was performed to measure carotid plaque...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111825/healthcare-reform-in-china-challenges-and-opportunities
#14
Marianthi Papagianni, Konstantinos Tziomalos
China, the world's most populous country, has faced rapid epidemiological transitions in the last years. Even though cardiovascular diseases replaced infectious diseases as the leading cause of death, the incidence of the latter is still increasing. Prevention and management of chronic and communicable diseases is complicated by poverty and substantial social and healthcare disparities across the different regions and across different population subgroups within regions. Accordingly, the successful implementation of healthcare reforms requires careful planning and coordinated efforts from multiple stakeholders...
November 7, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108814/waist-to-height-ratio-and-sedentary-lifestyle-as-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-in-ecuador
#15
F Aguirre P, A Coca, M F Aguirre, G Celis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors and prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and the presence of vascular inflammation in apparently-normal children (10-15 years) of both sexes in Guayaquil, Ecuador. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We included 395 apparently-healthy students from a middle-income school in a cross-sectional survey. Informed consent was obtained from students and parents. Anthropometric measurements including blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and blood tests were recorded...
November 3, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108723/cardiovascular-respiratory-and-related-disorders-key-messages-from-disease-control-priorities-3rd-edition
#16
REVIEW
Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Shuchi Anand, David Watkins, Thomas Gaziano, Yangfeng Wu, Jean Claude Mbanya, Rachel Nugent
Cardiovascular, respiratory, and related disorders (CVRDs) are the leading causes of adult death worldwide, and substantial inequalities in care of patients with CVRDs exist between countries of high income and countries of low and middle income. Based on current trends, the UN Sustainable Development Goal to reduce premature mortality due to CVRDs by a third by 2030 will be challenging for many countries of low and middle income. We did systematic literature reviews of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness to identify priority interventions...
November 3, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102084/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-china-data-from-1%C3%A2-7-million-adults-in-a-population-based-screening-study-china-peace-million-persons-project
#17
Jiapeng Lu, Yuan Lu, Xiaochen Wang, Xinyue Li, George C Linderman, Chaoqun Wu, Xiuyuan Cheng, Lin Mu, Haibo Zhang, Jiamin Liu, Meng Su, Hongyu Zhao, Erica S Spatz, John A Spertus, Frederick A Masoudi, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is common in China and its prevalence is rising, yet it remains inadequately controlled. Few studies have the capacity to characterise the epidemiology and management of hypertension across many heterogeneous subgroups. We did a study of the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in China and assessed their variations across many subpopulations. METHODS: We made use of data generated in the China Patient-Centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events (PEACE) Million Persons Project from Sept 15, 2014, to June 20, 2017, a population-based screening project that enrolled around 1·7 million community-dwelling adults aged 35-75 years from all 31 provinces in mainland China...
October 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101345/association-between-ideal-cardiovascular-health-metrics-and-suboptimal-health-status-in-chinese-population
#18
Youxin Wang, Xiaoxue Liu, Jing Qiu, Hao Wang, Di Liu, Zhongyao Zhao, Manshu Song, Qiaofeng Song, Xizhu Wang, Yong Zhou, Wei Wang
Suboptimal health status (SHS) is a physical state between health and illness, and previous studies suggested that SHS is associated with majority components of cardiovascular health metrics defined by American Heart Association (AHA). We investigated the association between SHS and cardiovascular health metrics in a cross-sectional analysis of China suboptimal health cohort study (COACS) consisting of 4313 participants (60.30% women) aged from 18 to 65 years old. The respective prevalence of SHS is 7.10%, 9...
November 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101131/effectiveness-of-community-health-worker-training-programmes-for-cardiovascular-disease-management-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#19
Marwa Abdel-All, Barbara Putica, Deversetty Praveen, Seye Abimbola, Rohina Joshi
INTRODUCTION: Community health workers (CHWs) are increasingly being tasked to prevent and manage cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors in underserved populations in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs); however, little is known about the required training necessary for them to accomplish their role. This review aimed to evaluate the training of CHWs for the prevention and management of CVD and its risk factors in LMICs. METHODS: A search strategy was developed in line with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, and five electronic databases (Medline, Global Health, ERIC, EMBASE and CINAHL) were searched to identify peer-reviewed studies published until December 2016 on the training of CHWs for prevention or control of CVD and its risk factors in LMICs...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096969/octogenarian-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-characteristics-and-usefulness-of-prognostic-indexes
#20
Rafael Golpe, María Suárez-Valor, Alejandro Veres-Racamonde, Esteban Cano-Jiménez, Irene Martín-Robles, Pilar Sanjuán-López, Luis Pérez-de-Llano
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Most studies on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exclude octogenarian patients. Therefore, the disease is not well characterized in this age group. The objective of this study is to analyze the clinical characteristics of octogenarian patients with COPD and the usefulness of the prognostic indexes used most frequently in this age group. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Retrospective study of consecutive patients seen at a clinic between 2009 and 2017...
October 30, 2017: Medicina Clínica
keyword
keyword
110164
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"