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"income" AND "cardiovascular"

Quanhe Yang, Julia L Durmer, Anne G Wheaton, Sandra L Jackson, Zefeng Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Insufficient sleep negatively impacts the cardiovascular system. No study has examined the association between sleep duration and heart age (person's predicted vascular age based on cardiovascular disease [CVD] risk profile). This study examines association between sleep duration and excess heart age (EHA; difference between heart age and chronological age) among US adults. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional 2007-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data for respondents aged 30-74 years without CVD or stroke (n = 12,775)...
October 2018: Sleep Health
Maxime Loizeau, Stéphane Buteau, Basile Chaix, Sara McElroy, Emilie Counil, Tarik Benmarhnia
Studies assessing socio-economic disparities in air pollution exposure and susceptibility are usually based on a single air pollution model. A time stratified case-crossover study was designed to assess the impact of the type of model on differential exposure and on the differential susceptibility in the relationship between ozone exposure and daily mortality by socio-economic strata (SES) in Montreal. Non-accidental deaths along with deaths from cardiovascular and respiratory causes on the island of Montreal for the period 1991-2002 were included as cases...
August 10, 2018: Environmental Research
Umesh Kapil, Ritika Khandelwal, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Preetika Khenduja, Aakriti Gupta, Neha Sareen, Ravindra Mohan Pandey, Hem Chandra Sati, Ravi Shankar Belwal
Introduction: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is responsible for 2.5-fold increase in cardiovascular mortality and a 5-fold higher risk of developing diabetes. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted during 2015-2016 in District Nainital. A list of all villages was developed. From this list, thirty villages were identified using population proportionate to size sampling method. From each village, thirty geriatric subjects (GSs) were selected...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Jacinthe Lemay, Mohammad Waheedi, Sarah Al-Sharqawi, Tania Bayoud
Background: Several medicines are prescribed for chronic disease management; however, adherence to long-term therapy remains poor. Culture influences beliefs about medications and, ultimately, adherence to treatment. There is a paucity of data with regard to beliefs about medications in the Middle East region, and it remains to be determined how these beliefs would impact treatment adherence. Objectives: To investigate the relationship between patients' beliefs about medications with self-reported adherence to treatment among a chronically ill multicultural patient population...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Rajesh Reddy, Maulik Majmudar, Neil Dhopeshwarkar, Victoria Vacaro, Eric Isselbacher, Ami B Bhatt
AIM: To determine if patients in cardiology practices would be interested in or willing to use mobile health technologies. METHODS: Patients seen at an ambulatory cardiology clinic for any indication were included. A paper survey was administered during pre-intake that assessed frequency of use, familiarity with and interest in mobile health applications. Data were analyzed using an exploratory logistic regression analysis to determine demographic predictors for technology utilization...
September 20, 2018: Future Cardiology
Marissa L Zwald, Tala H I Fakhouri, Cheryl D Fryar, Geoffrey Whitfield, Lara J Akinbami
Active transportation (AT), or walking or bicycling for transportation, represents one way individuals can achieve recommended physical activity (PA) levels. This study describes AT prevalence and temporal trends, and examines associations between AT levels and measured CVD risk factors (hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, low high-density [HDL] cholesterol, diabetes, and obesity) among U.S. adults. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2016 data (analyzed in 2017) were used to conduct overall trend analyses of reported AT in a typical week [none (0-9 min/week); low (10-149 min/week); or high (≥150 min/week)]...
September 15, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Bruno Ramos Nascimento, Luisa Campos Caldeira Brant, Gláucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira, Marcus Vinícius Bolívar Malachias, Gabriel Moreira Alves Reis, Renato Azeredo Teixeira, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Elisabeth França, Maria de Fátima Marinho Souza, Gregory A Roth, Antonio Luiz P Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Portuguese-speaking countries (PSC) share the influence of the Portuguese culture but have socioeconomic development patterns that differ from that of Portugal. OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality in the PSC between 1990 and 2016, stratified by sex, and their association with the respective sociodemographic indexes (SDI). METHODS: This study used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2016 data and methodology...
June 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Mahshid Dehghan, Andrew Mente, Sumathy Rangarajan, Patrick Sheridan, Viswanathan Mohan, Romaina Iqbal, Rajeev Gupta, Scott Lear, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Alvaro Avezum, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Prem Mony, Ravi Prasad Varma, Rajesh Kumar, Jephat Chifamba, Khalid F Alhabib, Noushin Mohammadifard, Aytekin Oguz, Fernando Lanas, Dorota Rozanska, Kristina Bengtsson Bostrom, Khalid Yusoff, Lungiswa P Tsolkile, Antonio Dans, AfzalHussein Yusufali, Andres Orlandini, Paul Poirier, Rasha Khatib, Bo Hu, Li Wei, Lu Yin, Ai Deeraili, Karen Yeates, Rita Yusuf, Noorhassim Ismail, Dariush Mozaffarian, Koon Teo, Sonia S Anand, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Dietary guidelines recommend minimising consumption of whole-fat dairy products, as they are a source of saturated fats and presumed to adversely affect blood lipids and increase cardiovascular disease and mortality. Evidence for this contention is sparse and few data for the effects of dairy consumption on health are available from low-income and middle-income countries. Therefore, we aimed to assess the associations between total dairy and specific types of dairy products with mortality and major cardiovascular disease...
September 11, 2018: Lancet
Javier A Balda-Canizares, Leonardo Tamariz, Daniel Moreno-Zambrano, Denisse Pareja, Esteban Ortiz-Prado, Alfredo Palacio, Ana Palacio
Background: Developed countries continue to show a decrease in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Little is known about CVD mortality trends in low and middle-income countries. The aim of our study is to describe myocardial infarction (MI) mortality trends and evaluate if differences between ethnic groups and geographic regions are present among the Ecuadorians with acute MI. Methods: We conducted a cross sectional analysis mortality national registry and included deaths related to MI between 2012 and 2016 that had complete demographic data...
August 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Zeinab Shateri Amiri, Mohammad Khajedaluee, Abdolrahim Rezaii, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
Background and aim: Cardiovascular diseases are a problem in low- and middle-income countries, such as Iran. The present research was performed to identify risk factors contributing to cardiovascular diseases and their distributions among the adult population of Mashhad (Iran) using the Framingham criteria. Methods: This cross-sectional population-based study performed in 2015 on 2,976 adults living in Mashhad (Iran) using Stratified cluster-random sampling method...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Azizi A Seixas, Julian Vallon, Andrea Barnes-Grant, Mark Butler, Aisha T Langford, Michael A Grandner, Andres R Schneeberger, Jhenelle Huthchinson, Ferdinand Zizi, Girardin Jean-Louis
The current study investigated the mediating effects of body mass index (BMI), physical activity, and emotional distress on the association between short sleep duration (<7 hours per 24-hour period) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and risk factors.We used data from the National Health Interview Survey, an ongoing nationally representative cross-sectional study of noninstitutionalized US adults (≥18 years) from 2004 to 2013 (N = 206,049). Participants provided information about anthropometric features (height and weight), sociodemographic factors, health behaviors (smoking and physical activity), emotional distress, and physician-diagnosed health conditions, including hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes, heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, and cancer...
September 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Margaret E Kruk, Anna D Gage, Naima T Joseph, Goodarz Danaei, Sebastián García-Saisó, Joshua A Salomon
BACKGROUND: Universal health coverage has been proposed as a strategy to improve health in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, this is contingent on the provision of good-quality health care. We estimate the excess mortality for conditions targeted in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) that are amenable to health care and the portion of this excess mortality due to poor-quality care in 137 LMICs, in which excess mortality refers to deaths that could have been averted in settings with strong health systems...
September 5, 2018: Lancet
Sergio F Estrada-Orihuela, Carlos Ibarra-Pérez
Lasalocid, a specific mobile membrane ionophore for calcium, dopamine and norepinephrine was assayed in its capacity to reduce or maintain unaltered the cardiovascular function in conditions of imminent myocardial injury. In experiments of coronary blockade and reperfusion carried out in rat heart, it was found that when administered from 5 to 30 minutes prior to the induction of coronary blockade, at a concentration of 2 mg/kg of body weight, the ionophore immediately, simultaneously, and completely interrupts the blood pressure decay, cardiac frequency increase, electrical ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation, as well as the fall of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and decay of mitochondrial oxygen uptake provoked by the induced myocardial injury...
September 6, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
P Zilla, R M Bolman, M H Yacoub, F Beyersdorf, K Sliwa, L Zühlke, R S D Higgins, B Mayosi, A Carpentier, D Williams
Twelve years after cardiologists and cardiac surgeons from all over the world issued the 'Drakensberg Declaration on the Control of Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease in Africa', calling on the world community to address the prevention and treatment of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) through improving living conditions, to develop pilot programmes at selected sites for control of rheumatic fever and RHD, and to periodically review progress made and challenges that remain, RHD still accounts for a major proportion of cardiovascular diseases in children and young adults in low- and middle-income countries, where more than 80% of the world population live...
August 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Hongwei Xu
Capitalizing on the biomarker data from the 2009 wave of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), this study examines the extent to which multilevel socioeconomic status (SES) gets "under the skin" to affect individuals' health, measured by allostatic load (AL). Multilevel analyses suggest that in the context of China's socioeconomic and health transitions, high income, prestigious but sedentary occupations, and high level of urbanization were independently associated with higher AL scores, or increased health risks of physiological dysfunction in cardiovascular, metabolic, inflammation, and urinary systems...
September 2018: Health & Place
Jessica L Harding, Meda E Pavkov, Dianna J Magliano, Jonathan E Shaw, Edward W Gregg
In recent decades, large increases in diabetes prevalence have been demonstrated in virtually all regions of the world. The increase in the number of people with diabetes or with a longer duration of diabetes is likely to alter the disease profile in many populations around the globe, particularly due to a higher incidence of diabetes-specific complications, such as kidney failure and peripheral arterial disease. The epidemiology of other conditions frequently associated with diabetes, including infections and cardiovascular disease, may also change, with direct effects on quality of life, demands on health services and economic costs...
August 31, 2018: Diabetologia
Li Xiang, Zhanhao Su, Yiwei Liu, Xiaoling Zhang, Shoujun Li, Shengshou Hu, Hao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status is associated with increased mortality for patients with cardiovascular disease; however, the effect of family socioeconomic status on the prognosis of children with congenital heart disease remains unclear, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries. We aimed to examine the association between family socioeconomic status and postoperative outcomes for paediatric patients with complex congenital heart disease (CCHD). METHODS: In this observational cohort study, we enrolled children (aged <7 years) who had CCHD surgery at Fuwai Hospital (Beijing, China) between May 1, 2012, and Dec 31, 2015...
June 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Sarah Erem, Mohammed S Razzaque
Phosphate is a common ingredient in many healthy foods but, it is also present in foods containing additives and preservatives. When found in foods, phosphate is absorbed in the intestines and filtered from the blood by the kidneys. Generally, any excess is excreted in the urine. In renal pathologies, however, such as chronic kidney disease, a reduced renal ability to excrete phosphate can result in excess accumulation in the body. This accumulation can be a catalyst for widespread damage to the cellular components, bones, and cardiovascular structures...
August 25, 2018: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
L M Cotie, S A Prince, C G Elliott, M C Ziss, L A McDonnell, K A Mullen, S Hiremath, A L Pipe, R D Reid, J L Reed
Physical inactivity and obesity are modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease, particularly in women. eHealth interventions may increase physical activity and improve obesity-related outcomes among women. The objective of this study was to review the evidence of the effectiveness of eHealth interventions to increase moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among working-age women. The secondary objective was to examine their effectiveness on improving obesity-related outcomes. A comprehensive search strategy was developed for eight electronic databases; through July 2016...
October 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Monica Adhiambo Onyango, Taryn Vian, Isabel Hirsch, Devashri D Salvi, Richard Laing, Peter C Rockers, Paul G Ashigbie, Veronika J Wirtz
In Kenya, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) account for 27% of all deaths. Adult Kenyans have an 18% chance of dying prematurely from cancers, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chronic respiratory diseases. A Novartis Access Initiative is making medicines available to treat cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, and breast cancer in 30 countries, including Kenya. Little is known about patients' perceptions of access to medicines for NCDs in Kenya. The study objective was to understand patients' perceptions of access to medicines; as well as barriers and facilitators at the household, community, and healthcare system level...
2018: PloS One
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