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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737363/-dietary-habits-among-type-2-diabetic-patients-attending-the-abidjan-diabetes-centre
#1
Sassor Odile Purifine Ake-Tano, Franck Kokora Ekou, Yao Eugène Konan, Ekissi Orsot Tetchi, Denise Olga Kpebo, Stéphane Parfait Sable, Félix Aka, Ncho Simplice Dagnan
Objectives: The prevalence of diabetes is rapidly increasing in sub-Saharan Africa. Healthy lifestyle and dietary conditions play a key role in the control of blood sugar imbalance and cardiovascular complications of diabetes. This study was designed to describe the profile and dietary habits of type 2 diabetic patients attending the Abidjan Diabetes Centre (CADA), and to identify related factors. Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive and analytic study was conducted in 2014 at the CADA. A total of 384 patients were included...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735924/obstructive-sleep-apnea-effect-of-comorbidities-and-positive-airway-pressure-on-all-cause-mortality
#2
Poul Jennum, Philip Tønnesen, Rikke Ibsen, Jakob Kjellberg
OBJECTIVE: Most studies have used cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) end-points to measure the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), but pre-diagnostic morbidities involve a range of comorbidities that may influence the consequences of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We therefore aimed to evaluate all-cause total mortality after a diagnosis of OSA, the effect of CPAP in women and men, and the potential effect of major comorbidities. METHODS: We used national registry data as a historical cohort and included 22,135 OSA patients aged 20 years or more with comorbidity data three years before diagnosis and follow-up morbidity and mortality over a period of 17 years...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732236/neighborhood-ses-is-particularly-important-to-the-cardiovascular-health-of-low-ses-individuals
#3
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Stephanie A Robert
RATIONALE: Health disparities defined by neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) are well established; it is less well understood whether neighborhood SES is differentially associated with health depending on one's own SES. OBJECTIVE: The double jeopardy hypothesis, collective resources model, fundamental cause theory, and relative deprivation hypothesis support differential patterns of association between neighborhood and individual SES with health. The first three models suggest that higher neighborhood SES predicts health more strongly among lower, as compared to higher, SES individuals...
July 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727751/oral-health-and-cardiovascular-care-perceptions-of-people-with-cardiovascular-disease
#4
Paula Sanchez, Bronwyn Everett, Yenna Salamonson, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Joshua Bishop, Karen Lintern, Samantha Nolan, Rohan Rajaratnam, Julie Redfern, Maria Sheehan, Fiona Skarligos, Lissa Spencer, Ravi Srinivas, Ajesh George
MAIN OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perception of patients with cardiovascular disease towards oral health and the potential for cardiac care clinicians to promote oral health. METHOD: A needs assessment was undertaken with twelve patients with cardiovascular disease attending cardiac rehabilitation between 2015 and 2016, in three metropolitan hospitals in Sydney, Australia. These patients participated in face-to-face semi-structured interviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725259/cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-prevention-amongst-syrian-refugees-mixed-methods-study-of-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-programme-in-jordan
#5
Dylan R J Collins, Kiran Jobanputra, Thomas Frost, Shoaib Muhammed, Alison Ward, Abed Alrazzaq Shafei, Taissir Fardous, Sadeq Gabashneh, Carl Heneghan
BACKGROUND: The growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) presented new challenges for medical humanitarian aid and little was known about primary health care approaches for these diseases in humanitarian response. We aimed to evaluate Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF's) use of total CVD risk based prevention strategies amongst Syrian refugees in northern Jordan to identify opportunities to improve total CVD risk based guidance for humanitarian settings. METHODS: We evaluated CVD risk assessment and management in two outpatient NCD clinics in the Irbid governorate of Jordan using a mixed methods design with qualitative and quantitative strands of equal priority, integrated during data collection and interpretation...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724878/relationship-between-knowledge-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-watching-educational-television-materials-ma%C3%A5-opolska-cardiovascular-preventive-intervention-study-m-capri
#6
Anna Waśniowska, Grzegorz Kopeć, Jakub Podolec, Magdalena Kozela, Agnieszka Sarnecka, Klaudia Knap, Krystyna Szafraniec, Andrzej Pająk, Piotr Podolec
INTRODUCTION    The current guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in clinical practice emphasizes on education in media in population-based approaches. OBJECTIVES    To assess the relationship between knowledge of CVD risk factors and watching educational television materials in the adult population. PATIENTS AND METHODS    After 22 months of repeated broadcasting of educational television materials, which addressed problems related to CVD, a postal survey was conducted on a random sample of 5000 persons aged 18 years or older...
July 4, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724854/improvement-of-pulmonary-function-after-comprehensive-obesity-rehabilitation-program-in-obese-patients
#7
Tamao Takahashi, Satoru Ebihara, Masahiro Kohzuki
Obesity is a major risk factor of cardiovascular, osteoarthritis, metabolic and pulmonary disorders, and exercise is an efficient method for treating obesity. However, obese patients often complain of dyspnea on exertion, which makes it difficult to continue exercise program. Obesity is also known to have an adverse effect on pulmonary function. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a comprehensive obesity rehabilitation (COR) program on pulmonary function in Japanese patients with morbid obesity...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724586/cardiovascular-health-in-young-adulthood-and-structural-brain-mri-in-midlife-the-cardia-study
#8
Michael P Bancks, Norrina B Allen, Prachi Dubey, Lenore J Launer, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Jared P Reis, Stephen Sidney, Yuichiro Yano, Pamela J Schreiner
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between the American Heart Association (AHA) Life's Simple 7 (LS7) metric and brain structure. METHODS: We determined cardiovascular health (CVH) according to the AHA LS7, assigning 0, 1, or 2 points for meeting poor, intermediate, or ideal criteria for the 7 components (range 0-14) at baseline (aged 18-30 years in 1985-1986) and year 25 follow-up examination for 518 participants of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) brain MRI substudy...
July 19, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721313/2016-writing-contest-graduate-winner-cardiovascular-disease-training-for-community-health-workers-serving-native-hawaiians-and-other-pacific-peoples
#9
Chace DI Moleta, Mele A Look, Mililani K Trask-Batti, Tricia Mabellos, Marjorie L Mau
To help community health workers (CHW) meet increased demand for their services, it is essential to have data supported strategies for approaches to their training and capacity development. The objective of this paper is to report on the development, implementation, and evaluation of "Heart 101," a cardiovascular disease (CVD) training program, conducted among CHW in Hawai'i who serve Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Peoples (NHPP). Principles from Community-Based Participatory Research provided a framework to develop and implement the 5-hour training curriculum...
July 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721147/the-importance-of-two-metabolic-syndrome-diagnostic-criteria-and-body-fat-distribution-in-predicting-clinical-severity-and-prognosis-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#10
Marko Mornar Jelavic, Zdravko Babic, Hrvoje Pintaric
INTRODUCTION: The interrelation between metabolic syndrome (MetS) (the revised National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF)) and obesity indices in predicting clinical severity and prognosis of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is insufficiently known. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study included 250 acute STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716248/interleukin-6-il-6-rs1800796-and-cyclin-dependent-kinase-inhibitor-cdkn2a-cdkn2b-rs2383207-are-associated-with-ischemic-stroke-in-indigenous-west-african-men
#11
Rufus Akinyemi, Donna K Arnett, Hemant K Tiwari, Bruce Ovbiagele, Fred Sarfo, Vinodh Srinivasasainagendra, Marguerite Ryan Irvin, Abiodun Adeoye, Rodney T Perry, Albert Akpalu, Carolyn Jenkins, Lukman Owolabi, Reginald Obiako, Kolawole Wahab, Emmanuel Sanya, Morenikeji Komolafe, Michael Fawale, Philip Adebayo, Godwin Osaigbovo, Taofiki Sunmonu, Paul Olowoyo, Innocent Chukwuonye, Yahaya Obiabo, Onoja Akpa, Sylvia Melikam, Raelle Saulson, Raj Kalaria, Adesola Ogunniyi, Mayowa Owolabi
BACKGROUND: Inherited genetic variations offer a possible explanation for the observed peculiarities of stroke in sub - Saharan African populations. Interleukin-6 polymorphisms have been previously associated with ischemic stroke in some non-African populations. AIM: Herein we investigated, for the first time, the association of genetic polymorphisms of IL-6, CDKN2A- CDKN2B and other genes with ischemic stroke among indigenous West African participants in the Stroke Investigative Research and Education Network (SIREN) Study...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716044/type-2-diabetes-is-associated-with-an-increased-prevalence-of-respiratory-symptoms-as-compared-to-the-general-population
#12
F De Santi, G Zoppini, F Locatelli, E Finocchio, V Cappa, M Dauriz, G Verlato
BACKGROUND: To estimate the prevalence of respiratory symptoms in individuals with type 2 diabetes, as compared to the general population. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2010 the screening questionnaire of GEIRD (Gene Environment Interactions in Respiratory Diseases) study was administered to two samples of Verona general population, aged respectively 45-64 years and 65-84 years, and to a convenience sample of individuals with type 2 diabetes, consequently recruited at the local Diabetes Centre...
July 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716041/potentially-inappropriate-home-medications-among-older-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-admitted-to-a-cardiology-service-in-usa
#13
Marwan Sheikh-Taha, Hani Dimassi
BACKGROUND: The use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) may pose more risks than benefits to patients and is a major factor contributing to the likelihood of serious adverse drug reactions and negative health outcomes among older patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted in a tertiary care center in USA where home medications of the older patients were reviewed and analyzed upon hospital admission over three months, from March till May 2016...
July 17, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713688/childhood-trauma-and-factors-associated-with-depression-among-inpatients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#14
Felipe José Nascimento Barreto, Frederico Duarte Garcia, Paulo Henrique Teixeira Prado, Paulo Marcos Brasil Rocha, Nádia Souza Las Casas, Felipe Barbosa Vallt, Humberto Correa, Maila Castro Lourenço Neves
AIM: To identify factors associated with depressive symptoms among inpatients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study performed in a subsample of a large cross-sectional research that investigated affective disorders and suicide behaviour among inpatients hospitalized in non-surgical wards of the University Hospital of the Federal University of Minas Gerais from November 2013 to October 2015. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained through a structured interview and medical record review...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713255/the-impact-of-aerobic-exercise-on-fronto-parietal-network-connectivity-and-its-relation-to-mobility-an-exploratory-analysis-of-a-6-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Chun L Hsu, John R Best, Shirley Wang, Michelle W Voss, Robin G Y Hsiung, Michelle Munkacsy, Winnie Cheung, Todd C Handy, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
Impaired mobility is a major concern for older adults and has significant consequences. While the widely accepted belief is that improved physical function underlies the effectiveness of targeted exercise training in improving mobility and reducing falls, recent evidence suggests cognitive and neural benefits gained through exercise may also play an important role in promoting mobility. However, the underlying neural mechanisms of this relationship are currently unclear. Thus, we hypothesize that 6 months of progressive aerobic exercise training would alter frontoparietal network (FPN) connectivity during a motor task among older adults with mild subcortical ischemic vascular cognitive impairment (SIVCI)-and exercise-induced changes in FPN connectivity would correlate with changes in mobility...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712260/effects-of-an-integrated-health-care-program-for-children
#16
Ok Hyun Kim, Jin Kyung Park
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of an integrated health care program in elementary school students. METHODS: The integrated program comprised exercises (3-4 times/week) and six sessions on nutritional and psychological education. Anthropometric measurements were recorded before the intervention. Additionally, physical fitness, dietary habits, nutrition knowledge, and psychological changes were assessed before and after the program. RESULTS: In total, 29% of the subjects were overweight and obese before the intervention (32% boys and 26% girls)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711174/secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-preclinical-markers-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-toddlers
#17
Judith A Groner, Hong Huang, Mandar S Joshi, Nicholas Eastman, Lisa Nicholson, John Anthony Bauer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate relationships between secondhand smoke exposure in young children and several preclinical markers of cardiovascular risk that have been established as relevant to adult populations. STUDY DESIGN: There were 139 children, 2-5 years of age, enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Secondhand smoke exposure was objectively determined by hair nicotine level; a comprehensive panel of clinical markers (morning blood pressure, fasting glucose and insulin, lipid profiles, inflammation) and research markers (markers of oxidation, endothelial stress, and endothelial repair) of cardiovascular risk status were assessed...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710589/primary-care-physician-perspectives-on-barriers-to-statin-treatment
#18
Rikki M Tanner, Monika M Safford, Keri L Monda, Benjamin Taylor, Ronan O'Beirne, Melanie Morris, Lisandro D Colantonio, Ricardo Dent, Paul Muntner, Robert S Rosenson
PURPOSE: Discontinuation of statin therapy represents a major challenge for effective cardiovascular disease prevention. It is unclear how often primary care physicians (PCPs) re-initiate statins and what barriers they encounter. We aimed to identify PCP perspectives on factors influencing statin re-initiation. METHODS: We conducted six nominal group discussions with 23 PCPs from the Deep South Continuing Medical Education network. PCPs answered questions about statin side effects, reasons their patients reported for discontinuing statins, how they respond when discontinuation is reported, and barriers they encounter in getting their patients to re-initiate statin therapy...
July 14, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707189/cardio-oncology-gaps-in-knowledge-goals-advances-and-educational-efforts
#19
REVIEW
Gina Biasillo, Carlo M Cipolla, Daniela Cardinale
Over the past 20 years, cancer treatments have become more effective, leading to significant improvements in survival rates. However, anticancer drugs can have several possible cardiovascular side effects; in particular, the development of left ventricular dysfunction with chemoradiation therapy can negatively affect patients' cardiac outcome, and can limit anticancer treatments. This is an ongoing issue that will continue to persist, due to the ongoing development of new antitumor agents with potential cardiotoxic effects, and the prolonged life expectancy of long-term cancer survivors...
August 2017: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706098/changes-in-hypertension-prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-rates-over-20-years-in-national-capital-region-of-india-results-from-a-repeat-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ambuj Roy, Pradeep A Praveen, Ritvik Amarchand, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Ruby Gupta, Dimple Kondal, Kalpana Singh, Meenakshi Sharma, Deepak Kumar Shukla, Nikhil Tandon, Kolli Srinath Reddy, Anand Krishnan, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite being one of the leading risk factors of cardiovascular mortality, there are limited data on changes in hypertension burden and management from India. This study evaluates trend in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in the urban and rural areas of India's National Capital Region (NCR). DESIGN AND SETTING: Two representative cross-sectional surveys were conducted in urban and rural areas (survey 1 (1991-1994); survey 2 (2010-2012)) of NCR using similar methodologies...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
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