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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915234/the-association-between-health-changes-and-cessation-of-alcohol-consumption
#1
Ji-Eun Park, Yeonhee Ryu, Sung-Il Cho
AIMS: To assess whether health changes affect cessation of alcohol consumption and to compare the health status of former drinkers and abstainers. METHODS: Cohort data from 9001 Korean participants aged 40-69 years old were analyzed. Alcohol consumption was assessed every 2 years for 10 years. Participant age, sex, marital status, education level, employment status, smoking, chronic disease, perceived health and changes in these variables were analyzed to identify factors associated with quitting alcohol drinking...
December 3, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913814/life-course-socioeconomic-adversities-and-10-year-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health
#2
Dayse Rodrigues de Sousa Andrade, Lidyane V Camelo, Rodrigo Citton P Dos Reis, Itamar S Santos, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Luana Giatti, Sandhi Maria Barreto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether life course exposure to adverse socioeconomic positions (SEP) as well as maintaining a low SEP or decreasing the SEP intra- and intergeneration was associated with an increased 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk predicted by the Framingham Risk Score. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data (2008-2010) of 13,544 active workers from ELSA-Brasil cohort. Maternal education, leg length, social class of first occupation and education were used to evaluate childhood, youth and adulthood SEP...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912776/improving-stroke-prevention-therapy-for-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-in-primary-care-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#3
Theresa M Lee, Noah M Ivers, Sacha Bhatia, Debra A Butt, Paul Dorian, Liisa Jaakkimainen, Kori Leblanc, Dan Legge, Dante Morra, Alissia Valentinis, Laura Wing, Jacqueline Young, Karen Tu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is growing as the population ages, and at least 15% of ischemic strokes are attributed to AF. However, many high-risk AF patients are not offered guideline-recommended stroke prevention therapy due to a variety of system, provider, and patient-level barriers. METHODS: We will conduct a pragmatic, cluster-randomized controlled trial randomizing primary care clinics to test a "toolkit" of quality improvement interventions in primary care...
December 3, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912774/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-health-related-quality-of-life-between-men-and-women-5%C3%A2-years-after-a-coronary-angiography
#4
Anastase Tchicaya, Nathalie Lorentz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to measure gender differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among men and women patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and to assess the impact of socioeconomic factors on HRQOL between men and women, 5 years after a coronary angiography. METHODS: The study included 1,289 out of 4,391 patients who had undergone an angiography in the National Institute for Cardiac Surgery and Interventional Cardiology, Luxembourg in 2008/2009...
December 3, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912742/secular-trends-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-the-troms%C3%A3-study-1979-2008
#5
Bente Morseth, Bjarne K Jacobsen, Nina Emaus, Tom Wilsgaard, Lone Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: The aim was to describe secular trends in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and work related physical activity (WPA) from 1979 to 2008. Additionally, we explored potential cross-sectional and longitudinal correlates of LTPA and WPA. METHODS: Data are collected from 34,898 individuals (49.7% men) aged >20 years who participated in at least one Tromsø Study survey between 1979 and 2008. In each survey, the participants completed a self-administered questionnaire and underwent physical examinations...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911299/chronotropic-response-and-cognitive-function-in-a-cohort-at-risk-for%C3%A2-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Lena L Law, Stephanie A Schultz, Elizabeth A Boots, Jean A Einerson, Ryan J Dougherty, Jennifer M Oh, Claudia E Korcarz, Dorothy F Edwards, Rebecca L Koscik, N Maritza Dowling, Catherine L Gallagher, Barbara B Bendlin, Cynthia M Carlsson, Sanjay Asthana, Bruce P Hermann, Mark A Sager, Sterling C Johnson, Dane B Cook, James H Stein, Ozioma C Okonkwo
The objective of this study was to examine the association of chronotropic response (CR) and heart rate (HR) recovery- two indices of cardiovascular function within the context of a graded exercise test- with cognitive performance in a cognitively healthy, late-middle-aged cohort at risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Ninety participants (age = 63.52±5.86 years; 65.6% female) from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention participated in this study. They underwent graded exercise testing and a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment that assessed the following four cognitive domains: Immediate Memory, Verbal & Learning Memory, Working Memory, and Speed & Flexibility...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909712/myocardial-perfusion-spect-2015-in-germany-results-of-the-7th-survey
#7
Oliver Lindner, Wolfgang Burchert, Wolfgang Schäfer, Marcus Hacker
AIM: The working group Cardiovascular Nuclear Medicine of the German Society of Nuclear Medicine presents the results of the 7th survey of myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) of the reporting year 2015. METHOD: 268 questionnaires (173 practices [PR], 67 hospitals [HO], 28 university hospitals [UH]) were evaluated. Results of the last survey from 2012 are set in squared brackets. RESULTS: MPS of 121 939 [105 941] patients were reported. 98 % [95 %] of all MPS were performed with Tc-99m radiopharmaceuticals and 2 % [5 %] with Tl-201...
December 2, 2016: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909594/knowledge-of-the-research-assistants-regarding-local-anaesthetics-and-toxicity
#8
Derya Karasu, Canan Yılmaz, Şeyda Efsun Özgünay, Mürüvvet Dayıoğlu, Çağdaş Baytar, Gülsen Korfalı
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular system depression, respiratory arrest, coma, convulsions, loss of consciousness, muscle twitching, blurred vision, vertigo, dizziness and numbness of the tongue can be seen in local anaesthetic toxicity. Treatment includes 20% lipid solutions, airway control, symptomatic treatment for arrhythmia and convulsions. The aim of this study is to present the knowledge of research assistants, who used local anaesthetics in daily practice, regarding these medications and toxicity treatment and to raise awareness...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906880/hypoglycemia-in-patients-with-insulin%C3%A2-treated-diabetes
#9
Janusz Gumprecht, Katarzyna Nabrdalik
Hypoglycemia is the major barrier for optimal glycemic control in patients on maintenance insulin therapy. It is widely known that good glycemic control leads to prevention of or delay in the development of microvascular complications, and can reduce macrovascular events. It is thought that hypoglycemia may predispose patients to cognitive deterioration and may negatively affect the cardiovascular system. Hypoglycemia per se can contribute to a blunted counterregulatory response and disabling hypoglycemia, while hypoglycemia avoidance restores normal response to low blood glucose levels...
October 11, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906479/knowledge-and-practice-in-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-among-hospital-registered-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Shu Ding, Ying Deng, Sai Lu, Karen V Lamb, Ying Zhang, Ying Wu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the knowledge and clinical practices of cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention among registered nurses (RNs) who worked on three major clinical units in Beijing hospitals. BACKGROUND: Health education on CVD prevention is an important component of nursing practice, however, Chinese RNs' knowledge and practice patterns have been poorly explored in previous studies. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: A stratified random sample of three hundred RNs was recruited from two tertiary hospitals in Beijing, China...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905643/-inverse-association-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-chilean-adults
#11
Carlos Cristi-Montero, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Cristian Alvarez, Alex Garrido Méndez, María Adela Martínez, Ximena Díaz Martínez, Ana María Leiva, Carlos Salas, Manuel Gutiérrez, Ruth Sanzana-Inzunza, Eliana Durán, Ana María Labraña, Nicolás Aguilar-Farías, Carlos Celis-Morales
BACKGROUND: A high level of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is an important protector against cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. AIM: To explore the association of CRF with several metabolic markers and estimate the variation of these parameters by an increase of 1 MET change in CRF. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 447 adults (56% women) without medical history of cardiometabolic diseases. Physical activity evaluated using accelerometry, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, blood glucose and insulin and lipid profile were measured...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903556/assessment-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-tunisia-applying-the-framingham-risk-score-to-national-survey-data
#12
O Saidi, D Malouche, M O'Flaherty, N Ben Mansour, H A Skhiri, H Ben Romdhane, L Bezdah
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to assess the socioeconomic determinants of a high 10 year cardiovascular risk in Tunisia. SETTING: We used a national population based cross sectional survey conducted in 2005 in Tunisia comprising 7780 subjects. We applied the non-laboratory version of the Framingham equation to estimate the 10 year cardiovascular risk. PARTICIPANTS: 8007 participants, aged 35-74 years, were included in the sample but effective exclusion of individuals with cardiovascular diseases and cancer resulted in 7780 subjects (3326 men and 4454 women) included in the analysis...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903049/associations-between-time-spent-in-green-areas-and-physical-activity-among-late-middle-aged-adults
#13
Bart Dewulf, Tijs Neutens, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Steven Broekx, Carolien Beckx, Nico Van de Weghe
Physical activity is an important facilitator for health and wellbeing, especially for late middle-aged adults, who are more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases. Physical activity performed in green areas is supposed to be particularly beneficial, so we studied whether late middle- aged adults are more active in green areas than in non-green areas and how this is influenced by individual characteristics and the level of neighbourhood greenness. We tracked 180 late middle-aged (58 to 65 years) adults using global positioning system and accelerometer data to know whether and where they were sedentary or active...
November 16, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902846/physical-activity-and-other-determinants-of-survival-in-the-oldest-adults
#14
Antonio Muscari, Giampaolo Bianchi, Paola Forti, Marco Giovagnoli, Donatella Magalotti, Paolo Pandolfi, Marco Zoli
OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of physical activity as a possible survival determinant in the oldest adults. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, population-based cohort. SETTING: The Pianoro Study of community-dwelling older adults in three towns in northern Italy. PARTICIPANTS: Noninstitutionalized individuals aged 85 and older (n = 500; mean age 89.6 ± 3.1, 65% female). MEASUREMENTS: Participants provided information on marital status, educational level, previous work activity, cardiovascular risk factors, previous cardiovascular events, self-rated health, joint pain, and functional status...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900744/-developing-and-verifying-the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-electronic-menopausal-health-screen-system
#15
Pei-Shan Lee, Chyi-Long Lee, Chieh-Yu Liu, Wen-Chin Chen, Yen-Yen Yu, Lee-Ing Tsao
BACKGROUND: Menopausal women are in a transitional phase between health and sickness. Although the highest standards of menopausal care include clinical assessment and patient education on menopausal symptoms, current practices lack integrated care that aim to prevent chronic diseases for which menopause is a predisposing factor. PURPOSE: To integrate menopausal disturbances; to evaluate the risk factors for osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes; and to create a reliable and effective electronic menopausal health screen system (EMHSS)...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899399/ideal-cardiovascular-health-score-and-incident-end-stage-renal-disease-in-a-community-based-longitudinal-cohort-study-the-kailuan-study
#16
Quan Le Han, Shou Ling Wu, Xiao Xue Liu, Sha Sha An, Yun Tao Wu, Jing Sheng Gao, Shuo Hua Chen, Xiao Kun Liu, Qi Zhang, Rui Ying Mao, Xiao Ming Shang, Jost B Jonas
OBJECTIVES: To investigate an association between ideal cardiovascular health metrics (CVH) and the risk of developing end-stage renal disease (ESRD). SETTING: Community of Kailuan in Tangshan/China. PARTICIPANTS: We examined in a community-based longitudinal cohort study 91 443 participants without history of stroke or myocardial infarction at baseline in 2006-2007, with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥15 mL/min at baseline, and who participated in at least 1 of 3 follow-up examinations in 2008-2009, 2010-2011 and 2012-2013...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898678/leukocyte-telomere-length-in-relation-to-17-biomarkers-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-cross-sectional-study-of-us-adults
#17
David H Rehkopf, Belinda L Needham, Jue Lin, Elizabeth H Blackburn, Ami R Zota, Janet M Wojcicki, Elissa S Epel
BACKGROUND: Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is a putative biological marker of immune system age, and there are demonstrated associations between LTL and cardiovascular disease. This may be due in part to the relationship of LTL with other biomarkers associated with cardiovascular disease risk. However, the strength of associations between LTL and adiposity, metabolic, proinflammatory, and cardiovascular biomarkers has not been systematically evaluated in a United States nationally representative population...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898410/cadmium-exposure-is-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-dyslipidemia
#18
Zhou Zhou, Yong-Hui Lu, Hui-Feng Pi, Peng Gao, Min Li, Lei Zhang, Li-Ping Pei, Xiang Mei, Lin Liu, Qi Zhao, Qi-Zhong Qin, Yu Chen, Yue-Ming Jiang, Zhao-Hui Zhang, Zheng-Ping Yu
BACKGROUND: Cadmium is a widespread environmental and occupational pollutant that accumulates in human body with a biological half-life exceeding 10 years. Cadmium exposure has been demonstrated to increase rates of cardiovascular diseases. Whether occupational cadmium exposure is associated with the increase in the prevalence of dyslipidemia and hence contributes to the risk of cardiovascular diseases is still equivocal. To test the hypothesis that exposure to cadmium is related to the prevalence of dyslipidemia, we examined the associations between blood cadmium concentration and the prevalence of dyslipidemia in workers occupationally exposed to cadmium in China...
November 30, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897406/integrated-care-for-geriatric-frailty-and-sarcopenia-a-randomized-control-trial
#19
Ding-Cheng Derrick Chan, Hsiao-Hui Tsou, Chirn-Bin Chang, Rong-Sen Yang, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Ching-Yu Chen, Chin-Fu Hsiao, Ya-Ting Hsu, Chia-Hui Chen, Shu-Fang Chang, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Ken N Kuo
BACKGROUND: Exercise, nutrition, and psychological interventions may all have positive impacts on frailty and sarcopenia. However, it is not known whether an integrated care programme with all three components can be beneficial and the intensity of such programme is also not certain. In this study, we aim to determine the effectiveness of two levels of integrated care on frailty and sarcopenia. METHODS: A randomized control trial was conducted at two community hospitals in Taiwan...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893041/a-comparison-of-the-prevalence-of-dementia-in-the-united-states-in-2000-and-2012
#20
Kenneth M Langa, Eric B Larson, Eileen M Crimmins, Jessica D Faul, Deborah A Levine, Mohammed U Kabeto, David R Weir
Importance: The aging of the US population is expected to lead to a large increase in the number of adults with dementia, but some recent studies in the United States and other high-income countries suggest that the age-specific risk of dementia may have declined over the past 25 years. Clarifying current and future population trends in dementia prevalence and risk has important implications for patients, families, and government programs. Objective: To compare the prevalence of dementia in the United States in 2000 and 2012...
November 21, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
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