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"education" AND "cardiovascular"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102774/interactions-between-c-reactive-protein-and-traditional-risk-factors-in-predicting-mortality-of-older-adults
#1
Henrik Rudolf, Naemi Wall, Renate Klaassen-Mielke, Ulrich Thiem, Curt Diehm, Hans-Joachim Trampisch, Dietmar Krause
BACKGROUND: Elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) are known to be associated with cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in older adults, however, there seems to be heterogeneity of this association across subsets of individuals. We aim to assess the effects of interactions between CRP and one of the following traditional CV risk factors regarding all-cause mortality in unselected elderly men and women: age, sex, body mass index, diabetes, and hypertension. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three hundred and forty-four general practitioners all over Germany enrolled 6,817 unselected participants, aged 65 years or older, and performed thorough examinations, including CRP measurement at baseline (getABI study)...
January 19, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099550/factors-associated-with-the-contraindicated-use-of-oral-contraceptives-in-brazil
#2
Daniele Aparecida Silva Corrêa, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Mayara Santos Mendes, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of the contraindicated use of oral contraceptives and the associated factors in Brazilian women. METHODS: 20,454 women who answered the VIGITEL survey in 2008 also participated in this study, of which 3,985 reported using oral contraceptives. We defined the following conditions for the contraindicated use of contraceptives: hypertension; cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack, stroke/cerebrovascular accident; diabetes mellitus; being smoker and 35 years old or older...
January 12, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096844/influence-of-an-extended-education-program-on-the-knowledge-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-subjects-undergoing-rehabilitation-following-acute-coronary-syndrome
#3
Wojciech S Kapko, Łukasz J Krzych
INTRODUCTION: Health education is a component of complex cardiac rehabilitation (CCR). AIM: To evaluate the influence of an authorial extended educational program on the knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors among subjects undergoing early in-hospital rehabilitation following acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous intervention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study covered 205 consecutive subjects (153 men and 52 women, aged 62 ±9 years) undergoing CCR...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096640/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-pre-and-post-menopausal-women-a-prospective-study-from-apex-institute-of-north-india
#4
Sandeep Sharma, Neelam Aggarwal, Bharti Joshi, Vanita Suri, Sanjay Badada
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MS) (syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome) is a constellation of metabolic abnormalities and a complex predisease state that predicts future development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Menopausal transition and postmenopausal state are considered as a vulnerable period for developing MS, and this increased risk has been attributed to decreasing estrogen levels with an increasing risk of insulin resistance following menopause...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096015/association-of-medication-errors-with-drug-classifications-clinical-units-and-consequence-of-errors-are-they-related
#5
Maki Muroi, Jay J Shen, Alona Angosta
Registered nurses (RNs) play an important role in safe medication administration and patient safety. This study examined a total of 1276 medication error (ME) incident reports made by RNs in hospital inpatient settings in the southwestern region of the United States. The most common drug class associated with MEs was cardiovascular drugs (24.7%). Among this class, anticoagulants had the most errors (11.3%). The antimicrobials was the second most common drug class associated with errors (19.1%) and vancomycin was the most common antimicrobial that caused errors in this category (6...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095816/awareness-and-knowledge-among-internal-medicine-house-staff-for-dose-adjustment-of-commonly-used-medications-in-patients-with-ckd
#6
Sikander Surana, Neeru Kumar, Amita Vasudeva, Gulvahid Shaikh, Kenar D Jhaveri, Hitesh Shah, Deepa Malieckal, Joshua Fogel, Gurwinder Sidhu, Sofia Rubinstein
BACKGROUND: Drug dosing errors result in adverse patient outcomes and are more common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). As internists treat the majority of patients with CKD, we study if Internal Medicine house-staff have awareness and knowledge about the correct dosage of commonly used medications for those with CKD. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed and included 341 participants. The outcomes were the awareness of whether a medication needs dose adjustment in patients with CKD and whether there was knowledge for the level of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) a medication needs to be adjusted...
January 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092931/the-criteria-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-national-health-checkup-and-education-system-in-japan
#7
Kazumasa Yamagishi, Hiroyasu Iso
Two major definitions of metabolic syndrome have been proposed. One focuses on accumulation of risk factors such as the American Heart Association (AHA) and National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) criteria; and the other focuses on abdominal obesity such as the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and Japanese criteria. The latter consider waist circumference as an obligatory component, whereas the former does not. In 2009, the IDF, NHLBI, AHA and the other organizations attempted to unify these criteria, and waist circumference is no longer an obligatory component...
January 6, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092245/-effect-of-the-diabetimss-program-on-cardiovascular-risk-blood-pressure-and-hdl-cholesterol-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#8
Miguel Angel Mendoza-Romo, Juan Felipe Montes-Acuña, Gad Gamed Zavala-Cruz, Rafael Natividad Nieva-de Jesús, María Cleofas Ramírez-Arreola, Héctor Jesús Andrade-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect of the DiabetIMSS program on cardiovascular risk, blood pressure and HDL cholesterol in patients with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Quasi-experimental intervention study. Non-probabilistic convenience sampling. 35 subjects in the educational strategy one year were included. The following variables were collected: age, gender, smoking, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, systolic and diastolic blood pressure; cardiovascular risk calculator based on Framingham is calculated...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091358/a-survey-of-exercise-advice-and-recommendations-in-united-kingdom-paediatric-cardiac-clinics
#9
Craig A Williams, Lucy Gowing, Richard Horn, Alan Graham Stuart
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and exercise have important health benefits for children and adolescents with CHD. The objective of this study was to survey the provision of advice and recommendations in United Kingdom paediatric CHD clinics. METHODS: A three-page questionnaire was sent out to paediatric cardiac consultants in the United Kingdom, paediatric consultants with expertise in cardiology, and nursing staff (Paediatricians with Expertise in Cardiology Special Interest Group), as well as all members of the British Congenital Cardiovascular Association...
January 16, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088991/prevention-and-management-of-glucocorticoid-induced-side-effects-a-comprehensive-review-ocular-cardiovascular-muscular-and-psychiatric-side-effects-and-issues-unique-to-pediatric-patients
#10
REVIEW
Avrom Caplan, Nicole Fett, Misha Rosenbach, Victoria P Werth, Robert G Micheletti
The final article in this 4-part continuing medical education series reviews the ocular, cardiovascular, muscular, and psychiatric side effects of glucocorticoids and discusses side effects unique to pediatric patients.
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087957/cardiovascular-risk-assessment-between-urban-and-rural-population-in-malaysia
#11
I Noor Hassim, M R Norazman, M Diana, Y Khairul Hazdi, I Rosnah
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused significant burden to Malaysia as it accounted for 36% of total deaths. This study aims to evaluate the burden of cardiovascular risk factors among Malaysian adult and assess the difference between urban and rural population in the selected communities. METHODS: This study is part of the ongoing Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) database, whereby the baseline data were collected since June 2008. CVD risk was measured using INTERHEART risk score which comprised of eleven risk factors i...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087467/positive-childhood-experiences-and-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-midlife-associations-and-mediators
#12
Natalie Slopen, Ying Chen, Jennifer L Guida, Michelle A Albert, David R Williams
In 2010, the American Heart Association introduced a new conceptual framework to encourage a focus on primary prevention and provided a definition for "ideal cardiovascular health". In this study we examined the relationship between positive childhood experience and ideal cardiovascular health in mid-life, and the extent to which education, depression, and social support mediate this association. Data are from participants in the Midlife and Aging in the United States study who completed a clinic-based assessment of health (N=1255, aged 34-84years, 2004-2005)...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#13
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076587/-interventions-to-improve-access-to-health-services-by-indigenous-peoples-in-the-americas
#14
Miguel Araujo, Cecilia Moraga, Evelina Chapman, Jorge Barreto, Eduardo Illanes
Objective: Synthesize evidence on effectiveness of interventions designed to improve access to health services by indigenous populations. Methods: Review of systematic reviews published as of July 2015, selecting and analyzing only studies in the Region of the Americas. The bibliographic search encompassed MEDLINE, Lilacs, SciELO, EMBASE, DARE, HTA, The Cochrane Library, and organization websites. Two independent reviewers selected studies and analyzed their methodological quality...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075422/inflammation-cardiometabolic-markers-and-functional-changes-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-12-month-exercise-program-for-prostate-cancer-men
#15
Katarzyna Hojan, Eliza Kwiatkowska-Borowczyk, Ewa Leporowska, Piotr Milecki
INTRODUCTION    Previous studies have shown that physical exercise in cancer patients during radiotherapy (RT) and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) improves cardiac fitness and quality of life (QoL), and reduces fatigue but it is still not entirely known how it affects inflammation or metabolic factors and what its consequences are in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. OBJECTIVES    Effect of a 12-month physical exercise program on inflammatory and cardiometabolic factors, and on functional status in PCa patients undergoing RT and ADT...
January 10, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074966/the-relationship-between-sun-exposure-and-all-cause-mortality
#16
Pelle G Lindqvist, Mona Landin-Olsson
We aimed to conduct a narrative review of the rapid advances in knowledge regarding sun exposure and all-cause mortality. Data support the hypothesis that sun exposure avoidance is a major risk factor for all-cause mortality in adjusted analysis (age, income, education, marital status, smoking, and comorbidity). This was caused by an increased risk of death due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) and noncancer/non-CVD. However, the increased life span among those with high sun exposure naturally results in an increased prevalence of cancer death...
January 11, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073952/alcohol-and-coronary-artery-calcification-an-investigation-using-alcohol-flushing-as-an-instrumental-variable
#17
Kyung Eun Yun, Yoosoo Chang, Sung-Cheol Yun, George Davey Smith, Seungho Ryu, Sung-Il Cho, Eun Chul Chung, Hocheol Shin, Young-Ho Khang
BACKGROUND: We examined whether alcohol flushing could be used as an instrumental variable (IV) and investigated the effect of alcohol consumption on coronary calcification using alcohol flushing status as an IV. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data from 24 681 Korean adults (20 696 men and 3985 women) who had been administered a questionnaire assessing alcohol consumption and alcohol flushing, as well as a coronary artery calcium (CAC) measurement. The associations of alcohol flushing status with potential confounders and alcohol consumption were examined...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073749/cost-effectiveness-of-a-government-supported-policy-strategy-to-decrease-sodium-intake-global-analysis-across-183-nations
#18
Michael Webb, Saman Fahimi, Gitanjali M Singh, Shahab Khatibzadeh, Renata Micha, John Powles, Dariush Mozaffarian
OBJECTIVE:  To quantify the cost effectiveness of a government policy combining targeted industry agreements and public education to reduce sodium intake in 183 countries worldwide. DESIGN:  Global modeling study. SETTING:  183 countries. POPULATION:  Full adult population in each country. INTERVENTION:  A "soft regulation" national policy that combines targeted industry agreements, government monitoring, and public education to reduce population sodium intake, modeled on the recent successful UK program...
January 10, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070314/calories-and-sugars-in-boba-milk-tea-implications-for-obesity-risk-in-asian-pacific-islanders
#19
Jae Eun Min, David B Green, Loan Kim
In the last several decades, obesity rates have reached epidemic proportions, and increases the risk for a host of comorbidities, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain kinds of cancers. Boba milk tea, first became popular in the 1990s throughout Asia, and has gained more popularity in the United States and in Europe since 2000. Currently, available nutrition data from online sites suggest this beverage contains high amounts of sugar and fat. One published nutrition study suggests that boba tea drinks are part of the larger group of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) because these beverages are usually sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS)...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067945/effect-of-a-long-term-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-cognitive-function-action-for-health-in-diabetes-study
#20
Stephen R Rapp, Jose A Luchsinger, Laura D Baker, George L Blackburn, Helen P Hazuda, Kathryn E Demos-McDermott, Robert W Jeffery, Jeffrey N Keller, Jeanne M McCaffery, Nicholas M Pajewski, Mary Evans, Thomas A Wadden, Steven E Arnold, Mark A Espeland
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether randomization to 10 years of lifestyle intervention to induce and maintain weight loss improves cognitive function. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Data obtained as part of the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial (NCT00017953) and Look AHEAD Continuation study (U01 DK057136-15). PARTICIPANTS: Overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 45 to 76 (N = 3,751)...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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