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"education" AND "cardiovascular"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548186/-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-first-and-third-year-university-students
#1
Gladys Morales, Francisco Guillen-Grima, Sergio Muñoz, Carlos Belmar, Ingrid Schifferli, Andrea Muñoz, Alvaro Soto
BACKGROUND: College students are in a critical stage in their life style due to the transition between high school and university and they may be prone to develop cardiovascular diseases. AIM: To compare the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in students from first and third year at the University of La Frontera, Temuco-Chile, according to faculty, gender and socioeconomic status (SES). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548184/obesity-and-kidney-disease-hidden-consequences-of-the-epidemic
#2
Csaba P Kovesdy, Susan Furth, Carmine Zoccali
Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence has been projected to grow by 40% in the next decade. This increasing prevalence has implications for the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and also for Chronic kidney disease. A high body mass index is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset Chronic kidney disease. In individuals affected by obesity, a compensatory hyperfiltration occurs to meet the heightened metabolic demands of the increased body weight. The increase in intraglomerular pressure can damage the kidneys and raise the risk of developing Chronic kidney disease in the long-term...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545843/diabetes-and-lifetime-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease
#3
Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Tomonori Okamura, Nahid Rumana, Arfan Raheen Afzal, Makoto Watanabe, Aya Higashiyama, Yoko M Nakao, Michikazu Nakai, Misa Takegami, Kunihiro Nishimura, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Akira Okayama, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological estimate lifetime risk (LTR) is a measure that expresses the probability of disease in the remaining lifetime for individuals of a specific index age. These estimates can be useful for general audience targeted knowledge translation activities against diabetes. There are only a few reports on lifetime of impact of diabetes on coronary heart disease (CHD) events. METHODS: The Suita Study, a cohort study of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), was established in 1989...
May 22, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545322/cardiovascular-events-during-carfilzomib-therapy-for-relapsed-myeloma-practical-management-aspects-from-two-case-studies
#4
Andrzej J Jakubowiak, Jeanne M DeCara, Khalid Mezzi
Objectives and importance: Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) have an increased risk of cardiovascular comorbidities due to disease burden and treatment-related risk factors. Proteasome inhibitors, including bortezomib and carfilzomib, are effective and generally well tolerated anti-MM agents. However, cardiovascular-related toxicities have been reported with this class of agents, the mechanisms of which are not fully understood. We discuss the practical management of cardiovascular events during carfilzomib therapy for relapsed MM...
May 25, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542317/systematic-review-of-dietary-salt-reduction-policies-evidence-for-an-effectiveness-hierarchy
#5
Lirije Hyseni, Alex Elliot-Green, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Chris Kypridemos, Martin O'Flaherty, Rory McGill, Lois Orton, Helen Bromley, Francesco P Cappuccio, Simon Capewell
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable disease (NCD) prevention strategies now prioritise four major risk factors: food, tobacco, alcohol and physical activity. Dietary salt intake remains much higher than recommended, increasing blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and stomach cancer. Substantial reductions in salt intake are therefore urgently needed. However, the debate continues about the most effective approaches. To inform future prevention programmes, we systematically reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of possible salt reduction interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541602/three-dimensional-printing-in-cardiology-current-applications-and-future-challenges
#6
Hongxing Luo, Jarosław Meyer-Szary, Zhongmin Wang, Robert Sabiniewicz, Yuhao Liu
Three-dimensional (3D) printing has attracted a huge interest in recent years. Broadly speaking, it refers to the technology which converts a predesigned virtual model to a touchable object. In clinical medicine, it usually converts a series of two-dimensional medical images acquired through computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or 3D echocardiography into a physical model. Medical 3D printing consists of three main steps: image acquisition, virtual reconstruction and 3D manufacturing. It is a promising tool for preoperative evaluation, medical device design, hemodynamic simulation and medical education, it is also likely to reduce operative risk and increase operative success...
May 25, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540982/gender-differences-in-factors-related-to-prehospital-delay-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#7
Hee Sook Kim, Kun Sei Lee, Sang Jun Eun, Si Wan Choi, Dae Hyeok Kim, Tae Ho Park, Kyeong Ho Yun, Dong Heon Yang, Seok Jae Hwang, Ki Soo Park, Rock Bum Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to investigate gender differences in factors related to prehospital delay and identify whether the knowledge of acute myocardial infarction symptoms affects this delay in Korean patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 350 patients (286 men, 64 women) with confirmed STEMI were interviewed to investigate socio-demographics, history of disease, symptom onset time, and factors that contributed to delayed decision time in seeking treatment and hospital arrival time from symptom onset...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540283/associations-of-mthfr-c677t-polymorphism-with-insulin-resistance-results-of-nurse-study-nursing-unacquainted-related-stress-etiologies
#8
Motahareh Kheradmand, Zhila Maghbooli, Sedigheh Salemi, Mahnaz Sanjari
BACKGROUND: The insulin resistance syndrome is one of the major contributors of metabolic syndrome, diabetes Type 2 and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. A common mutation (677C to T; Ala to Val) in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene is associated with decreased specific MTHFR activity and elevation of the homocysteine. The aim of this study is investigation of association between MTHFR 677C > T polymorphism with insulin resistance by using HOMA (Homeostasis Model Assessment) index in nurses who are potentially prone to develop insulin resistance because of unfavorable effects of shift work...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540224/erectile-dysfunction-therapy-in-countries-where-implant-is-economically-not-feasible
#9
REVIEW
Adrián M Garza-Gangemi, Mariano Sotomayor-de Zavaleta
Erectile dysfunction (ED), a frequent complaint in the primary care setting, is strongly associated with obesity, cigarette smoking and other common cardiovascular risk factors like hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM), lipid disorders and the metabolic syndrome. The prevalence of these cardiovascular disorders is rising at staggering rates in most Latin American countries. ED is a symptom that mainly affects economically productive men (40-70 years of age) potentially causing major psychosocial repercussions and reduced quality of life...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540059/obesity-and-kidney-disease-hidden-consequences-of-the-epidemic
#10
EDITORIAL
Csaba P Kovesdy, Susan L Furth, Carmine Zoccali
Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence has been projected to grow by 40% in the next decade. This increasing prevalence has implications for the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and also for chronic kidney disease (CKD). A high body mass index is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset CKD. In individuals affected by obesity, a compensatory hyperfiltration occurs to meet the heightened metabolic demands of the increased body weight. The increase in intraglomerular pressure can damage the kidneys and raise the risk of developing CKD in the long term...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537977/perioperative-use-of-focused-transthoracic-cardiac-ultrasound-a-survey-of-current-practice-and-opinion
#11
Frederick Conlin, Neil R Connelly, Michael P Eaton, Patrick J Broderick, Jennifer Friderici, Adam C Adler
BACKGROUND: The advent of portable ultrasound machines in recent years has led to greater availability of focused cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) in the perioperative and critical care setting. To our knowledge, its use in the perioperative setting among anesthesiologists remains undefined. We sought to assess the use of FoCUS by members of the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists (SCA) in clinical practice, to identify variations in its application, to outline limits to its use, and to understand the level of training of physicians using this technology...
May 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536088/the-use-of-text-messaging-to-improve-the-hospital-to-community-transition-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-txt2prevent-intervention-development-and-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#12
Emily S Ross, Brodie M Sakakibara, Martha H Mackay, David Gt Whitehurst, Joel Singer, Mustafa Toma, Kitty K Corbett, Harriette Gc Van Spall, Kimberly Rutherford, Bobby Gheorghiu, Jillianne Code, Scott A Lear
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome, including acute myocardial infarction (AMI), is one of the leading causes for hospitalization, with AMI 30-day readmission rates around 20%. Supporting patient information needs and increasing adherence to recommended self-management behaviors during transition from hospital to home has the potential to improve patient outcomes. Text messages have been effective in other interventions and may be suitable to provide support to patients during this transition period...
May 23, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534601/management-of-psoriatic-arthritis-psa-among-cutaneous-psoriasis-from-pathogenesis-to-therapy
#13
Pauline Hoelt, Cyrille Confavreux, Denis Jullien, Axel P Villani
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory rheumatism belonging to spondylarthritis family and which occurs in about 30% of patients with psoriasis. The pathogenesis entails a genetic predisposition, environmental and immunologic factors. Most of the time, cutaneous lesions precede apparition of articular manifestations and dermatologists who treat psoriatic patients have to regularly screen for early PsA, especially in patients with risk factors (notably nail psoriasis). Early detection greatly increases the chances for successful treatment and can prevent slow joint destruction...
May 23, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534599/untreated-dyslipidemia-in-lebanese-patients-with-schizophrenia
#14
Marouan Zoghbi, Chadia Haddad, Pascale Salameh, Georges Haddad, Souheil Hallit
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of statin-untreated schizophrenic patients needing treatment according to the 2013 American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines and to compare the performance of these guidelines to the 2004 National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP-III) recommendations. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using medical charts, patient inverventions, and various anthropometric measures between April 2016 and July 2016 at the Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross enrolled 329 patients with schizophrenia (DSM-5 criteria) to determine dyslipidemia and risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)...
May 18, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534422/psychosocial-risk-factors-in-relation-to-other-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-coronary-heart-disease-results-from-the-euroaspire-iv-survey-a-registry-from-the-european-society-of-cardiology
#15
Nana Pogosova, Kornelia Kotseva, Dirk De Bacquer, Roland von Känel, Delphine De Smedt, Jan Bruthans, Maryna Dolzhenko
Background Depression and anxiety are established psychosocial risk factors for coronary heart disease. Contemporary data on their prevalence and associations with other risk factors were evaluated as part of the EUROASPIRE IV survey. Design The design of this study was cross-sectional. Methods The study group consisted of 7589 patients from 24 European countries examined at a median of 1.4 years after hospitalisation due to coronary heart disease events. Depression and anxiety were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532767/job-strain-and-cardiovascular-health-score-from-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil-baseline
#16
Priscila T P Rocco, Isabela M Bensenor, Rosane H Griep, Arlinda B Moreno, Airlane P Alencar, Paulo A Lotufo, Itamar S Santos
We aimed to study the association between the American Heart Association cardiovascular health (CVH) score and job strain in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health baseline. We analyzed data from 11,351 active workers (aged 35 to 74 years) without overt cardiovascular disease and who had complete data. Job strain was assessed using the 17-item Brazilian version of the Swedish Job Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire. Clinical (fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, and blood pressure) and lifestyle (diet, physical activity, smoking, and body mass index) components of CVH score were assessed according to the American Heart Association criteria...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531825/oral-health-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-a-cohort-of-periodontitis-patients
#17
Anders Holmlund, Erik Lampa, Lars Lind
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine whether oral health is uniformly associated with three different cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), including myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and heart failure (HF), which has not been studied previously. METHODS: A full mouth investigation was performed in 8999 individuals referred to a specialized periodontology clinic between 1979 and 2012. The number of deepened pockets (NDP), number of teeth (NT), and bleeding on probing (BOP) were investigated...
May 11, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531232/changes-in-primary-healthcare-providers-attitudes-and-counseling-behaviors-related-to-dietary-sodium-reduction-docstyles-2010-and-2015
#18
Zerleen S Quader, Mary E Cogswell, Jing Fang, Sallyann M Coleman King, Robert K Merritt
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The 2013 ACC/AHA Lifestyle Management Guideline recommends counseling pre-hypertensive and hypertensive patients to reduce sodium intake. Population sodium reduction efforts have been introduced in recent years, and dietary guidelines continued to emphasize sodium reduction in 2010 and 2015. The objective of this analysis was to determine changes in primary health care providers' sodium-reduction attitudes and counseling between 2010 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531097/evolution-not-revolution-nutrition-and-obesity
#19
Elaine C Rush, Mary R Yan
The increasing prevalence of obesity over the course of life is a global health challenge because of its strong and positive association with significant health problems such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and some cancers. The complex causes and drivers of obesity include genetic factors, social, ecological and political influences, food production and supply, and dietary patterns. Public health messages and government food and activity guidelines have little impact; the retail food environment has many low-priced, nutrient-poor, but energy-dense products and there is a gap between what an individual knows and what they do...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529921/mediterranean-lifestyle-and-cardiovascular-disease-prevention
#20
Ekavi N Georgousopoulou, Duane D Mellor, Nenad Naumovski, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Akis Zeimbekis, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Dimitra Tyrovola, Alexandra Foscolou, Josep-Antoni Tur, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Labros Sidossis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern is a well-established protective factor against cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, diet quality is only one aspect of the overall healthy lifestyle adopted by Mediterranean populations. The latter has never been evaluated as a multi-factorial composite lifestyle. Thus, the aim of the present study was to provide a broader picture of the Mediterranean lifestyle and its effects on CVD risk, among elderly individuals. METHODS: During 2005-2015, 2,749 older (aged 65-100 years) from 21 Mediterranean islands (MEDIS) and the rural Mani region (Peloponnesus) of Greece were voluntarily enrolled onto the study...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
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