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"education" AND "cardiovascular"

Robin Nance, Joseph Delaney, John W McEvoy, Michael J Blaha, Gregory Burke, Ana Navas-Acien, Joel D Kaufman, Elizabeth C Oelsner, Robyn L McClelland
OBJECTIVE: Smoking as an epidemiological exposure can be quantified in many ways including duration, intensity, pack-years, recency, and age at initiation. However it is not clear which of these are most important for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and how they should be modeled. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Using the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, Cox models for time to incident CVD adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education category, and income category were compared which included various characterizations of smoking history...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
Mahnaz Ashoorkhani, Ali Bozorgi, Reza Majdzadeh, Hamed Hosseini, Ali Yoonessi, Ali Ramezankhani, Hassan Eftekhar
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the most important and well-known risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Unfortunately, in spite of effective treatments, adherence to the regular use of drugs and other nondrug treatments, such as lifestyle improvement, is often poor. This study evaluates the effectiveness of an educational, supportive intervention - in the form of a Blood Pressure Management Application (BPMAP) - on self-management in patients with primary hypertension on controlling the determinant factors of hypertension, and on adherence to treatment...
October 21, 2016: Trials
Susan J Carson, Jacqueline Burns
DesignCohort studyCohort selectionParticipants were recruited between 1994 and 1998 from the general population with the preferred ages of 35 to 65 years in women and 40 to 65 years in men.Exposure measurementSmoking was assessed using a questionnaire from which pack years of smoking were calculated. Educational attainment, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes, alcohol consumption and vitamin or mineral supplements were assessed from measurements and questionnaires. Tooth loss was also assessed by questionnaire returned between 2004 and 2006...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Debjani S Goswami, Tanuja P Manohar
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases are becoming the major cause of morbidity and mortality in most of the developing countries including India. Cardiometabolic risk factors play a vital role in causation of coronary artery disease. Present study was carried out to investigate the role of various risk factors in the occurrence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in population from Central India. SETTING AND DESIGN: This was a hospital-based age and sex matched case-control study, carried out at Lata Mangeshkar Hospital, Nagpur...
October 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Daniel DAS Virgens Chagas, Joyce Ferreira Carvalho, Luiz Alberto Batista
The main aim of this study was to analyze the joint association of body fat percentage and physical activity levels on motor coordination scores in girls with different adiposity status. Sixty-eight school-aged children between 12 and 14 years participated in the study. Skinfold thickness was measured and the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder test was administered. Participants completed a self-reporting questionnaire on physical activity. Children's adiposity status was attributed in according to age-specific cutoff points of a Brazilian database...
2016: International Journal of Exercise Science
Kanchi Muralidhar, Deepak Tempe, Yatin Mehta, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Chirojit Mukherjee, Thomas Koshy, Prabhat Tewari, Naman Shastri, Satyajeet Misra, Kumar Belani
During current medical care, perioperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has become a vital component of patient management, especially in cardiac operating rooms and in critical care medicine. Information derived from echocardiography has an important bearing on the patient's outcome. The Indian Association of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Anaesthesiologists (IACTA) has promoted the use of TEE during routine clinical care of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. An important mission of IACTA is to oversee training and certify anesthesiologists in the perioperative and intensive care use of TEE...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Petra Rust, Cem Ekmekcioglu
Excessive dietary salt (sodium chloride) intake is associated with an increased risk for hypertension, which in turn is especially a major risk factor for stroke and other cardiovascular pathologies, but also kidney diseases. Besides, high salt intake or preference for salty food is discussed to be positive associated with stomach cancer, and according to recent studies probably also obesity risk. On the other hand a reduction of dietary salt intake leads to a considerable reduction in blood pressure, especially in hypertensive patients but to a lesser extent also in normotensives as several meta-analyses of interventional studies have shown...
October 19, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Emma Aarnio, Janne Martikainen, Aaron N Winn, Risto Huupponen, Jussi Vahtera, Maarit J Korhonen
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that low socioeconomic position (SEP; especially low income) is associated with statin nonadherence. We investigated the relationship between SEP and statin adherence in a country with universal coverage using group-based trajectory modeling in addition to the proportion of days covered. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data from Finnish healthcare registers, we identified 116 846 individuals, aged 45 to 75 years, who initiated statin therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease...
October 18, 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Xueli Jiang, Lu Yin, Yang Wang, Wei Li, Yuqing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study whether there was a blood pressure range that was positively associated with stroke or coronary heart disease compared with other levels in the so-called normotensives with or without diabetes mellitus and intermediate or high risk-factor burden. DESIGN AND METHOD: We enrolled 42959 persons aged 35-70 years old between 2005 and 2009 from 70 rural and 45 urban communities in China, and assessed their cardiovascular risk-factor burden using the validated INTERHEART Risk Score...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Afzalhussein Yusufali, Rasha Khatib, Shofiqul Islam, Khalid AlHabib, Roya Kelishadi, Sumathy Rangarajan, Salim Yusuf
OBJECTIVE: Data on hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control are sparse in the Middle East especially in the different socio-demographic characteristics (age, sex, community location, education) and comorbid status like diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We report the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension across four Middle Eastern countries (Iran, Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates (UAE)), using a standardized and uniform method...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Hongbo Dong, Yinkun Yan, Junting Liu, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Hong Cheng, Dongqing Hou, Guimin Huang, Jie Mi
OBJECTIVE: The American Heart Association's (AHA) 2020 Strategic Goals defined a new concept of cardiovascular health (CVH) for adults and children, emphasizing the importance of early prevention of risk factors. CV disease risk factors track from childhood to adulthood, which should be closely monitored over time. However, detailed data on the trends in CVH among children are sparse. Therefore, by adopting the construct from the AHA, the present study seeks to evaluate the changes of ideal CVH, as well as each component, among Chinese children and adolescents in Beijing...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Graham MacGregor
High salt intake is the major cause of raised blood pressure and accordingly leads to cardiovascular diseases. Recently, it has been shown that high salt intake is associated with an increased risk of obesity through sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. Increasing evidence also suggests a direct link. Our study aimed to determine whether there was a direct association between salt intake and obesity independent of energy intake. We analyzed the data from the rolling cross-sectional study-the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey 2008/2009 to 2011/2012...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Sverre Kjeldsen
There is a whole armament of good drugs for treatment of hypertension including diuretics, calcium antagonist, angiotensin receptor antagonists and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors. Secondary drugs mostly used for special indications include beta-blockers, alpha-blockers, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (aldosterone antagonists), renin-inhibitors, centrally acting drugs, direct vasodilators and others.A variety of new drugs targeting different pressor mechanism exist and have partly been studies experimentally but will unlikely make it to clinical use in human hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Seon Young Hwang, Jae Lan Shim
OBJECTIVE: There is an association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, it is not known whether periodontitis and bad oral health behavior could influence on the CVD risk. This study aimed to examine whether periodontitis and bad oral health behavior predict 10-year general CVD risk using representative national data. DESIGN AND METHOD: Using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) in 2013, we selected men and women who were aged over 30 years and who had no previous CVD history (n = 4259)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Francesco Cappuccio
Current salt consumption in human societies is now much greater than needed for survival. Furthermore, high salt intake substantially increases blood pressure (BP) in both animals and humans. Conversely, a reduction in salt intake causes a dose-dependent reduction in BP in men and women of all ages and ethnic groups, and in patients already on medication. The risk of strokes and heart attacks rises with increasing BP, but can be decreased by anti-hypertensive drugs. However, the majority of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events occur in the numerous individuals with 'normal' BP levels below the 'clinically hypertensive' level which might trigger drug therapy...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Lawrence Appel
With the exception of a few isolated populations, elevated blood pressure is a worldwide pandemic with staggering consequences for individuals, care givers, health care delivery systems, and insurers, including governments. It is well-recognized that the burden of hypertension and its adverse consequences is greater in low- and middle-income countries than economically developed countries. BP-related outcomes also differ by region, with a predominance of stroke in southeast Asian countries and a predominance of ischemic heart disease in the US and Western Europe...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Fernando Stuardo Wyss Quintana
Latin America has 23 countries ranging from Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean, of these 19 countries are considered by the WHO as countries with high and very high risk, one of the similarities of our countries is poor access to services health and medicine, resulting from poor government investment in health as the amount used in this sector occupies only the best 3% of the national budget and gross domestic product.Thus we know that the prevalence of hypertension varies widely from country to country and from city to city, presenting in Guatemala a prevalence of 40%, while in other countries in the area ranges between 25 and 35%, most complicated problem is that within the same country as the population this prevalence can vary greatly and have a different impact between populationsTherefore we know that the impact of cardiovascular disease within the range of non-communicable diseases occupies at least 30% and of these about 70% occupied countries of low and moderate income...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Rafael Hernandez-Hernandez
For the last three-decade cardiovascular disease have been the principal causes of death in most Latin American countries. Their importance has been rising, as in developed countries; such as United State, the mortality rate for CV disease declined in LA rises as in the other developing countries.Cardiovascular risk factors epidemiological studies from LA tend to be limited, and with restrictions on the methodology for sampling and interpretation of results; making most of the studies little comparable each other;on the other hand, population characteristics from country to country and inside each country are so different in ethnicity, habits, socio-economic status which make difficult to integrate and compare results as a whole...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Rafael Castillo
: Similar to the trend worldwide, hypertension (HTN) is also the single most attributable cause for mortality in South-East Asia (SEA). But while in developed regions, the prevalence of HTN appears to be stabilizing or decreasing, the rates in SEA continue to rise. Around a third of the adult population in SEA have elevated blood pressure (BP) with nearly 1.5 million deaths (9.4% of total deaths) attributable to HTN annually.In several countries in SEA, awareness level of HTN is less than 50% but in the more affluent countries in the region, awareness ranges from 56% to 70%...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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