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"education" AND "cardiovascular"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333645/how-healthy-is-homeschool-an-analysis-of-body-composition-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#1
Laura S Kabiri, Katy Mitchell, Wayne Brewer, Alexis Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Public school children regularly participate in school-based physical activity, physical education, and fitness testing. However, almost 2 million American children are homeschooled. The purpose of this research was to assess the body composition of elementary school-aged homeschool children and their corresponding cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. METHODS: This research explored the body composition and CVD risk of 145 homeschool children aged 5-11 years using body mass index (BMI), percent body fat, and waist circumference...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329975/risk-of-suicide-and-non-fatal-self-harm-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-two-matched-cohort-studies
#2
Martin Neovius, Gustaf Bruze, Peter Jacobson, Kajsa Sjöholm, Kari Johansson, Fredrik Granath, Johan Sundström, Ingmar Näslund, Claude Marcus, Johan Ottosson, Markku Peltonen, Lena M S Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery reduces mortality, but might have adverse effects on mental health. We assessed the risk of suicide and self-harm after bariatric surgery compared with non-surgical obesity treatment. METHODS: Suicide and non-fatal self-harm events retrieved from nationwide Swedish registers were examined in two cohorts. The non-randomised, prospective Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study compared bariatric surgery (n=2010; 1369 vertical-banded gastroplasty, 376 gastric banding, and 265 gastric bypass) with usual care (n=2037; recruitment 1987-2001)...
January 9, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326111/low-prevalence-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-peru
#3
Catherine P Benziger, José Alfredo Zavala-Loayza, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Robert H Gilman, William Checkley, Liam Smeeth, German Malaga, Juan Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of and factors associated with ideal cardiovascular health (ICH) by sociodemographic characteristics in Peru is not well known. METHODS: The American Heart Association's ICH score comprised 3 ideal health factors (blood pressure, untreated total cholesterol and glucose) and 4 ideal health behaviours (smoking, body mass index, high physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption). ICH was having 5 to 7 of the ideal health metrics...
January 11, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324968/long-term-effects-of-an-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-electrocardiographic-criteria-for-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-the-look-ahead-trial
#4
Tina E Brinkley, Andrea Anderson, Elsayed Z Soliman, Alain G Bertoni, Frank Greenway, William C Knowler, Stephen P Glasser, Edward S Horton, Mark A Espeland
Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy assessed by electrocardiography (ECG-LVH) is a marker of subclinical cardiac damage and a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. The prevalence of ECG-LVH is increased in obesity and type 2 diabetes; however, there are no data on the long-term effects of weight loss on ECG-LVH. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an intensive lifestyle intervention reduces ECG-LVH in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321831/changes-in-smoking-prevalence-and-cessation-support-and-factors-associated-with-successful-smoking-cessation-in-swedish-patients-with-asthma-and-copd
#5
Marcus Stegberg, Mikael Hasselgren, Scott Montgomery, Karin Lisspers, Björn Ställberg, Christer Janson, Josefin Sundh
Introduction: Our aim was to investigate changes in smoking prevalence, smoking cessation support and factors associated with successful smoking cessation in patients with asthma and COPD. Methods: Questionnaires about available smoking cessation resources were completed by 54 primary health-care centers and 14 hospitals in central Sweden in 2005 and 2012. Patient data were collected using record reviews and patients questionnaires for two cohorts of randomly selected asthma and COPD patients in 2005 (n = 2306; with a follow up in 2012), and in 2014/2015 (n = 2620)...
2018: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319376/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-ptsd
#6
Lauren M Oppizzi, Reba Umberger
Although physical activity (PA) is known to reduce anxiety and depression, less is known about the effects of PA on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The author examined the state of the science regarding the effect of PA on PTSD. Three themes emerged: PA characteristics, added benefits of PA as a PTSD intervention, and theories on the method of action. Physical activity seems to be an effective adjunct therapy to reduce PTSD symptom severity. Findings are inconsistent between observational and controlled studies...
January 10, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319245/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-with-special-reference-to-non-hdl-cholesterol
#7
Debjani S Goswami, Tanuja P Manohar
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are becoming the major cause of morbidity and mortality in most of the developing countries including India. Cardiometabolic risk factors play a vital role in causation of coronary artery disease. Present study was carried out to investigate the role of various risk factors in the occurrence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in population from Central India. Settings and Design: This was a hospital-based age and sex matched case-control study, carried out at Lata Mangeshkar Hospital, Nagpur...
October 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317383/research-and-practice-based-nutrition-education-and-cooking-workshops-in-pediatric-oncology-protocol-for-implementation-and-development-of-curriculum
#8
Cynthia Chaput, Sabrina Beaulieu-Gagnon, Véronique Bélanger, Simon Drouin, Laurence Bertout, Lucie Lafrance, Cinthia Olivier, Marthe Robitaille, Caroline Laverdière, Daniel Sinnett, Marie Marquis, Valérie Marcil
BACKGROUND: Progresses in childhood cancer treatment, diagnosis, and management have resulted in childhood cancer survival rates of over 80%. However, this therapeutic success comes with a heavy price: two-thirds of childhood cancer survivors will be affected by further complications, including cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Adequate nutrition during cancer treatment is essential to ensure the child's optimal development, improve tolerance to treatments, and can contribute to lower the risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317176/race-disparities-in-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-within-socioeconomic-status-strata
#9
Caryn N Bell, Roland J Thorpe, Janice V Bowie, Thomas A LaVeist
PURPOSE: Racial differences in socioeconomic status (SES) explain some, but not all, of racial disparities in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. To address this, race disparities among higher SES individuals need to be assessed. The purpose of this study was to assess whether racial disparities in CVD risk factors differ by SES levels. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 2007-2014 were used to calculate racial differences in hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, and obesity...
December 22, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316450/a-randomized-trial-of-an-optimism-training-intervention-in-patients-with-heart-disease
#10
Narges Mohammadi, Alireza Aghayousefi, Gholam Reza Nikrahan, Caitlin N Adams, Ahmad Alipour, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Christopher M Celano, Jeff C Huffman
OBJECTIVE: Optimism is prospectively and independently associated with superior cardiac outcomes, but there has been minimal study of optimism-specific interventions in persons with cardiovascular illness. We aimed to examine the feasibility and impact of an optimism-promoting program among patients with heart disease in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants (N=61) were outpatients, age 35-60, with coronary artery disease who were randomized to an 8-week in-person group-based optimism training intervention or an attention-matched educational control condition...
December 19, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315731/understanding-patients-and-spouses-experiences-of-patient-education-following-a-cardiac-event-and-eliciting-attitudes-and-preferences-towards-incorporating-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-a-qualitative-study
#11
Susie Cartledge, Susan Feldman, Janet E Bray, Dion Stub, Judith Finn
AIM: To gain a comprehensive perspective about the experience of patient and spousal education following an acute cardiac event. The second objective was to elicit an understanding of patient and spousal attitudes, preferences and intentions towards future cardiopulmonary resuscitation training. BACKGROUND: Patients with cardiovascular disease require comprehensive patient and family education to ensure adequate long-term disease management. As cardiac patients are at risk of future cardiac events, including out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation training to patients and family members has long been advocated...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315155/association-of-the-ideal-cardiovascular-behaviors-and-factors-with-the-incidence-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-prospective-study
#12
Shengtao Zhu, Jihong Shi, Chunpeng Ji, Guang Yang, Jie Xing, Feng Zhu, Liming Lin, Aijun Xing, Zhe Huang, Chenrui Zhu, Xiaoming Wei, Shutian Zhang, Junchao Gu, Shouling Wu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association of ideal cardiovascular behaviors and factors with the incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) prospectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed 25 278 (21 433 men and 11 895 women) participants in the study. Participants were divided into four categories according to the number of ideal cardiovascular behaviors and factors: 0-2, 3, 4, and 5-7 groups. Multivariate logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313869/negative-social-acts-and-pain-evidence-of-a-workplace-bullying-and-5-htt-genotype-interaction
#13
Daniel Pitz Jacobsen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Ståle Einarsen, Johannes Gjerstad
Objectives Long-term exposure to systematic negative acts at work, usually labeled workplace bullying, is a prevalent problem at many workplaces. The adverse effects of such exposure may range from psychological symptoms, such as depression and anxiety to somatic ailments like cardiovascular disease and musculoskeletal complaints. In this study, we examined the relationships among exposure to negative acts, genetic variability in the 5-HTT gene SLC6A4 and pain. Methods The study was based on a nationally representative survey of 987 Norwegian employees drawn from the Norwegian Central Employee Register by Statistics Norway...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313363/effectiveness-acceptability-and-usefulness-of-mobile-applications-for-cardiovascular-disease-self-management-systematic-review-with-meta-synthesis-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-data
#14
Genevieve M Coorey, Lis Neubeck, John Mulley, Julie Redfern
Background Mobile technologies are innovative, scalable approaches to reducing risk of cardiovascular disease but evidence related to effectiveness and acceptability remains limited. We aimed to explore the effectiveness, acceptability and usefulness of mobile applications (apps) for cardiovascular disease self-management and risk factor control. Design Systematic review with meta-synthesis of quantitative and qualitative data. Methods Comprehensive search of multiple databases (Medline, Embase, CINAHL, SCOPUS and Cochrane CENTRAL) and grey literature...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312837/recreational-marijuana-use-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-insights-from-nationwide-inpatient-sample-in-the-united-states
#15
Rupak Desai, Upenkumar Patel, Shobhit Sharma, Parth Amin, Rushikkumar Bhuva, Malav S Patel, Nitin Sharma, Manan Shah, Smit Patel, Sejal Savani, Neha Batra, Gautam Kumar
Background Marijuana is a widely used recreational substance. Few cases have been reported of acute myocardial infarction following marijuana use. To our knowledge, this is the first ever study analyzing the lifetime odds of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with marijuana use and the outcomes in AMI patients with versus without marijuana use. Methods We queried the 2010-2014 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database for 11-70-year-old AMI patients. Pearson Chi-square test for categorical variables and Student T-test for continuous variables were used to compare the baseline demographic and hospital characteristics between two groups (without vs...
November 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300318/self-medication-practice-and-associated-factors-among-residents-in-wuhan-china
#16
Xiaosheng Lei, Heng Jiang, Chaojie Liu, Adamm Ferrier, Janette Mugavin
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the prevalence and predictors associated with self-medication, and related consequences in Wuhan, China. METHODS: Two-hundred-sixty residents were interviewed from randomly selected four districts of Wuhan, China. A modified version of Anderson's health behavioral model was used in the survey to collect information of self-medication behavior. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to measure correlates of the prevalence of self-medication...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300271/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-adults-peri-operative-considerations-a-narrative-review
#17
Martin Roesslein, Frances Chung
: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common breathing disorder of sleep with a prevalence increasing in parallel with the worldwide rise in obesity. Alterations in sleep duration and architecture, hypersomnolence, abnormal gas exchange and also associated comorbidities may all feature in affected patients.The peri-operative period poses a special challenge for surgical patients with OSA who are often undiagnosed, and are at an increased risk for complications including pulmonary and cardiovascular, during that time...
January 2, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297197/socioeconomic-status-and-cardiovascular-risk-score
#18
Ewa Podolecka, Agnieszka Doryńska, Paweł Nadrowski, Michał Skrzypek, Magdalena Kwaśniewska, Wojciech Drygas, Andrzej Pająk, Krystyna Kozakiewicz
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most frequent causes of morbidity and death both in men and women. Well known is the influence of such factors as: hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, tobacco smoking, obesity, diabetes, age and sex on the occurrence and progression of atherosclerosis. Apart from the typical risk factors of cardiovascular diseases, there is also a significant association between the incidence of those diseases and the socioeconomic status (SES). AIM: The aim of this study was to establish the correlation between the socioeconomic status and the cardiovascular disease risk assessed according to the SCORE algorithm...
January 3, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294902/implications-of-severe-polyvictimization-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-female-survivors-of-violence
#19
Lynette M Renner, Rachael A Spencer, Jamie Morrissette, Angela Lewis-Dmello, Hannah Michel, Deena Anders, Cari Jo Clark
In this study, we examined the impact of severe polyvictimization on 30-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among female survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV). Data were collected from 34 participants in the "Leave it on the Mat" pilot study. The study was conducted in an urban city in a Midwestern state from August 2012 to April 2014. Severe polyvictimization was considered present if participants reported a history of three or more forms of victimization (childhood exposure to domestic violence, being psychologically or physically abused in childhood, and lifetime sexual assault) in addition to IPV...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288961/understanding-the-direction-of-the-relationship-between-white-matter-hyperintensities-of-vascular-origin-sleep-quality-and-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-atahualpa-project
#20
Oscar H Del Brutto, Robertino M Mera
OBJECTIVE: The burden of cerebral small vessel disease, sleep disorders, and chronic kidney disease is on the rise in remote rural settings. However, information on potential links between these conditions is limited. We aimed to assess the relationships between these conditions in community-dwelling older adults living in rural Ecuador. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Atahualpa residents aged ≥60 years were offered a brain MRI. A venous blood sample was obtained for serum creatinine determination...
December 24, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
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