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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340191/cardiac-health-and-fitness-of-colorado-male-female-firefighters
#1
K Li, T Lipsey, H J Leach, T L Nelson
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is documented as the leading cause of mortality in on-duty firefighters. Aims: To examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components, cardiorespiratory fitness levels and the association between them in firefighters in Colorado, USA. Methods: This study included male and female Colorado firefighters. MetS was identified where three or more metabolic abnormalities were present, using Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines...
March 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339339/use-of-dietary-supplements-improved-diet-quality-but-not-cardiovascular-and-nutritional-biomarkers-in-socioeconomically-diverse-african-american-and-white-adults
#2
Marie Fanelli Kuczmarski, May A Beydoun, Emily Stave Shupe, Ryan T Pohlig, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans
Knowledge of the contribution of supplements to overall nutritional health is limited. The research objectives were to describe motivations for use of dietary supplements by African Americans and Whites examined in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study and to determine if supplements provided beneficial effects to micronutrient diet quality and nutritional and cardiovascular biomarkers. The majority of the HANDLS study population were smokers, overweight or obese, and self-reported their health as poor to good...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335038/a-comparative-effectiveness-education-trial-for-lifestyle-health-behavior-change-in-african-americans
#3
Chanita Hughes Halbert, Scarlett Bellamy, Vanessa Briggs, Ernestine Delmoor, Joseph Purnell, Rodney Rogers, Benita Weathers, Jerry C Johnson
Obesity and excess weight are significant clinical and public health issues that disproportionately affect African Americans because of physical inactivity and unhealthy eating. We compared the effects of alternate behavioral interventions on obesity-related health behaviors. We conducted a comparative effectiveness education trial in a community-based sample of 530 adult African Americans. Outcomes variables were physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable intake. Outcomes were evaluated at baseline and 1-month following interventions about shared risk factors for cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) (integrated, INT) or CVD only (disease-specific)...
March 18, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331842/estimation-of-burden-of-ischemic-heart-diseases-in-isfahan-iran-2014-using-incompleteness-and-misclassification-adjustment-models
#4
Mehran Shams-Beyranvand, Farshad Farzadfar, Shohreh Naderimagham, Maryam Tirani, Mohammad Reza Maracy
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have been the leading cause of death in the world. Ischemic heart diseases (IHDs) are the main form of CVDs and are the most important single cause of death around the world. This study aimed to estimate the burden of IHDs in the city of Isfahan by calculating disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). METHODS: This population-based study was conducted on the population living in the city of Isfahan in 2014...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331102/clinical-features-of-women-with-turner-syndrome-experiencing-transition-period-in-japan
#5
Satsuki Nishigaki, Takashi Hamazaki, Akitoshi Tsuruhara, Toshiko Yoshida, Takuji Imamura, Hiroshi Inada, Keinosuke Fujita, Haruo Shintaku
Turner syndrome results from the entire or partial loss of the second X chromosome, and is associated with a number of medical problems. Affected women require long-term medical follow-up. This study investigated the status of medical follow-up focusing on the transition for young adult women with Turner syndrome (TS). The clinical profiles of 63 women with TS over the age of 16 were retrospectively examined. Thirty-three women are continuously followed by pediatric endocrinologists at our pediatric division...
March 22, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330492/the-prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-dyslipidemia-in-northeast-china-a-population-based-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Fu-Liang Zhang, Ying-Qi Xing, Yan-Hua Wu, Hao-Yuan Liu, Yun Luo, Ming-Shuo Sun, Zhen-Ni Guo, Yi Yang
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is an important independent modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to explore the current prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of dyslipidemia and its associated influence factors in northeast China. METHODS: In this population-based cross-sectional study, we adopted a multi-stage, stratified sampling method to obtain a representative sample of 4052 permanent residents aged 40 years and over from different urban and rural regions in Dehui City of Jilin Province...
March 23, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329926/-acute-effect-of-fine-particulate-matters-on-daily-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-seven-cities-of-china
#7
R M Liang, P Yin, L J Wang, Y C Li, J M Liu, Y N Liu, J L You, J L Qi, M G Zhou
Objective: To explore the effect of fine particulate matters with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm (PM(2.5)) on daily cardiovascular disease mortality in seven cities of China. Methods: Daily average concentrations of PM(2.5), cardiovascular disease mortality data and environmental data were collected from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015 in seven cities of China, including Shijiazhuang, Haerbin, Shanghai, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Chengdu and Xi' an. We linked generalized additive model with Quasi-Poisson distribution to evaluate the association between daily concentrations of PM(2...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329355/international-recommendations-for-electrocardiographic-interpretation-in-athletes
#8
Sanjay Sharma, Jonathan A Drezner, Aaron Baggish, Michael Papadakis, Mathew G Wilson, Jordan M Prutkin, Andre La Gerche, Michael J Ackerman, Mats Borjesson, Jack C Salerno, Irfan M Asif, David S Owens, Eugene H Chung, Michael S Emery, Victor F Froelicher, Hein Heidbuchel, Carmen Adamuz, Chad A Asplund, Gordon Cohen, Kimberly G Harmon, Joseph C Marek, Silvana Molossi, Josef Niebauer, Hank F Pelto, Marco V Perez, Nathan R Riding, Tess Saarel, Christian M Schmied, David M Shipon, Ricardo Stein, Victoria L Vetter, Antonio Pelliccia, Domenico Corrado
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of mortality in athletes during sport. A variety of mostly hereditary, structural, or electrical cardiac disorders are associated with SCD in young athletes, the majority of which can be identified or suggested by abnormalities on a resting 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). Whether used for diagnostic or screening purposes, physicians responsible for the cardiovascular care of athletes should be knowledgeable and competent in ECG interpretation in athletes. However, in most countries a shortage of physician expertise limits wider application of the ECG in the care of the athlete...
February 20, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329253/a-modified-healthy-aging-index-and-its-association-with-mortality-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2002
#9
Chenkai Wu, Ellen Smit, Jason L Sanders, Anne B Newman, Michelle C Odden
Background: Comorbidity indices that are based on clinically recognized disease do not capture the full spectrum of health. The Healthy Aging Index (HAI) was recently developed to describe a wider range of health and disease across multiple organ systems. We characterized the distribution of a modified HAI (mHAI) by sociodemographics in a representative sample of the U.S. population. We also examined the association of the mHAI with mortality across individuals with different levels of clinically recognizable comorbidities...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329105/medical-three-dimensional-printing-opens-up-new-opportunities-in-cardiology-and-cardiac-surgery
#10
Thomas Bartel, Andrew Rivard, Alejandro Jimenez, Carlos A Mestres, Silvana Müller
Advanced percutaneous and surgical procedures in structural and congenital heart disease require precise pre-procedural planning and continuous quality control. Although current imaging modalities and post-processing software assists with peri-procedural guidance, their capabilities for spatial conceptualization remain limited in two- and three-dimensional representations. In contrast, 3D printing offers not only improved visualization for procedural planning, but provides substantial information on the accuracy of surgical reconstruction and device implantations...
February 16, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329057/coronary-artery-calcification-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-death-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Jing Chen, Matthew J Budoff, Muredach P Reilly, Wei Yang, Sylvia E Rosas, Mahboob Rahman, Xiaoming Zhang, Jason A Roy, Eva Lustigova, Lisa Nessel, Virginia Ford, Dominic Raj, Anna C Porter, Elsayed Z Soliman, Jackson T Wright, Myles Wolf, Jiang He
Importance: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is highly prevalent in dialysis-naive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there are sparse data on the association of CAC with subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in this population. Objective: To study the prospective association of CAC with risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality among dialysis-naive patients with CKD. Design, Setting, and Participants: The prospective Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort study recruited adults with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 20 to 70 mL/min/1...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328994/physical-activity-is-independently-associated-with-reduced-mortality-15-years-follow-up-of-the-hordaland-health-study-husk
#12
Øyvind Kopperstad, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Børge Sivertsen, Grethe S Tell, Solbjørg Makalani Myrtveit Sæther
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is associated with lower risk for non-communicable diseases and mortality. We aimed to investigate the prospective association between PA and all-cause and cause-specific mortality, and the impact of other potentially contributing factors. METHOD: Data from the community-based Hordaland Health Study (HUSK, 1997-99) were linked to the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry. The study included 20,506 individuals born 1950-1957 and 2,225 born in 1925-1927 (baseline age 40-49 and 70-74)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326830/do-statin-users-adhere-to-a-healthy-diet-and-lifestyle-the-australian-diabetes-obesity-and-lifestyle-study
#13
Simran Johal, Kris M Jamsen, J Simon Bell, Kevin P Mc Namara, Dianna J Magliano, Danny Liew, Taliesin E Ryan-Atwood, Claire Anderson, Jenni Ilomäki
Background Lifestyle and dietary advice typically precedes or accompanies the prescription of statin medications. However, evidence for adherence to this advice is sparse. The objective was to compare saturated fat intake, exercise, alcohol consumption and smoking between statin users and non-users in Australia. Methods Data were analysed for 4614 participants aged ≥37 years in the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study in 2011-2012. Statin use, smoking status and physical activity were self-reported...
April 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326301/association-of-serum-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-concentration-and-arterial-stiffness-among-korean-adults-in-single-center
#14
Jung Hae Lee, Heuy Sun Suh
BACKGROUND: There are growing concerns about the role of vitamin D deficiency in cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we investigated the correlation between serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25[OH]D) and arterial stiffness among Korean adults. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of 302 people (115 women and 187 men) who visited a tertiary hospital from January 2015 to December 2016. Serum 25(OH)D was measured using the radioimmunoassay technique, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was measured using an automatic wave analyzer...
February 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324932/an-ict-and-mobile-health-integrated-approach-to-optimize-patients-education-on-hypertension-and-its-management-by-physicians-the-patients-optimal-strategy-of-treatment-post-pilot-study
#15
Fabio Albini, Xiaoqiu Liu, Camilla Torlasco, Davide Soranna, Andrea Faini, Renata Ciminaghi, Ada Celsi, Matteo Benedetti, Antonella Zambon, Marco di Rienzo, Gianfranco Parati
INTRODUCTION: Uncontrolled hypertension is largely attributed to unsatisfactory doctor's engagement in its optimal management and to poor patients' compliance to therapeutic interventions. ICT and mobile Health solutions might improve these conditions, being widely available and providing highly effective communication strategies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether ICT and mobile Health tools are able to improve hypertension control by improving doctors' engagement and by increasing patients' education and involvement, and their compliance to lifestyle modification and prescribed drug therapy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323832/age-related-cognitive-decline-and-associations-with-sex-education-and-apolipoprotein-e-genotype-across-ethnocultural-groups-and-geographic-regions-a-collaborative-cohort-study
#16
Darren M Lipnicki, John D Crawford, Rajib Dutta, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Nicole A Kochan, Gavin Andrews, M Fernanda Lima-Costa, Erico Castro-Costa, Carol Brayne, Fiona E Matthews, Blossom C M Stephan, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Karen Ritchie, Jacqueline Scali, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Mary Yannakoulia, Efthimios Dardiotis, Linda C W Lam, Candy H Y Wong, Ada W T Fung, Antonio Guaita, Roberta Vaccaro, Annalisa Davin, Ki Woong Kim, Ji Won Han, Tae Hui Kim, Kaarin J Anstey, Nicolas Cherbuin, Peter Butterworth, Marcia Scazufca, Shuzo Kumagai, Sanmei Chen, Kenji Narazaki, Tze Pin Ng, Qi Gao, Simone Reppermund, Henry Brodaty, Antonio Lobo, Raúl Lopez-Anton, Javier Santabárbara, Perminder S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia varies around the world, potentially contributed to by international differences in rates of age-related cognitive decline. Our primary goal was to investigate how rates of age-related decline in cognitive test performance varied among international cohort studies of cognitive aging. We also determined the extent to which sex, educational attainment, and apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE*4) carrier status were associated with decline. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We harmonized longitudinal data for 14 cohorts from 12 countries (Australia, Brazil, France, Greece, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, United Kingdom, United States), for a total of 42,170 individuals aged 54-105 y (42% male), including 3...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322422/use-it-or-lose-it-cognitive-activity-as-a-protec-tive-factor-for-cognitive-decline-associated-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Panagiota Mistridis, Jutta Mata, Stefan Neuner-Jehle, Jean-Marie Annoni, Andreas Biedermann, Irene Bopp-Kistler, Dominique Brand, Andrea Brioschi Guevara, Hedi Decrey-Wick, Jean-François Démonet, Ulrich Hemmeter, Reto W Kressig, Brian Martin, Luca Rampa, Egemen Savaskan, Andreas Stuck, Philipp Tschopp, Dina Zekry, Andreas Monsch
Because of the worldwide aging of populations, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias constitute a devastating experience for patients and families as well as a major social and economic burden for both healthcare systems and society. Multiple potentially modifiable cardiovascular and lifestyle risk factors have been associated with this disease. Thus, modifying these risk factors and identifying protective factors represent important strategies to prevent and delay disease onset and to decrease the social burden...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320747/association-of-cardiovascular-health-with-subclinical-disease-and-incident-events-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#18
Tamar S Polonsky, Hongyan Ning, Martha L Daviglus, Kiang Liu, Gregory L Burke, Mary Cushman, John Eng, Aaron R Folsom, Pamela L Lutsey, Jennifer A Nettleton, Wendy S Post, Ralph L Sacco, Moyses Szklo, Donald M Lloyd-Jones
BACKGROUND: Few adults have ideal cardiovascular health (CVH). We studied associations of an overall CVH score with subclinical cardiovascular disease and events. We assessed whether associations varied by race/ethnicity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 5961 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, components of CVH were measured at baseline, 2000-2002: systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, fasting glucose, smoking, physical activity, diet, and body mass index...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319003/insulin-resistance-and-cognitive-performance-in-type-2-diabetes-the-maastricht-study
#19
Stefan L C Geijselaers, Simone J S Sep, Miranda T Schram, Martin P J van Boxtel, Ronald M A Henry, Frans R J Verhey, Abraham A Kroon, Nicolaas C Schaper, Pieter C Dagnelie, Carla J H van der Kallen, Coen D A Stehouwer, Geert Jan Biessels
AIMS: Type 2 diabetes, hyperinsulinemia, and insulin resistance are associated with cognitive impairment. Experimental studies indicate that insulin signaling in the brain is related to cognitive performance. Here we evaluated whether insulin-related variables contribute to the variance in cognitive performance among individuals with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 806 individuals with type 2 diabetes (mean age 62±8years, HbA1c 6.9±1.1%) completed a neuropsychological test battery...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318179/depressive-symptoms-and-associated-factors-in-caregivers-of-newborn-infants-hospitalized-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#20
Jorge L Alvarado Socarrás, Edna M Gamboa-Delgado, Silvia Trujillo Cáceres, Sandra Rodríguez Forero
INTRODUCTION: A high prevalence of depressive symptoms has been reported in family members of newborn infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units. This causes a high negative impact on the newborn infant-family bond. OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of depressive symptoms and their associated factors in caregivers of newborn infants hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit in Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, analytical study conducted at a tertiary care health facility specialized in cardiovascular disease...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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