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Copd nutrition

Nicolino Ambrosino, Enrica Bertella
Chronic respiratory diseases are among the four major human chronic diseases. Tobacco smoke as well as environmental pollutants, infections, physical activity and nutritional status play a role in the prevalence, development and/or progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Changes in lifestyle are possible and may be beneficial in prevention and comprehensive management of COPD. Population-level interventions aimed at early diagnosis, promotion of vaccinations and prevention of infections, and reductions in smoking, environmental pollutants, physical inactivity, obesity and malnutrition may increase the number of life-years lived in good health...
September 2018: Breathe
Y-B Zhang, H-Y Zuo, D-H Tian, X-H Ouyang, X-A Wang
OBJECTIVE: To establish normal values for detection indexes of peripheral skeletal muscle dysfunction (quadriceps femoris) of healthy older subjects, and investigate the functional status of the peripheral skeletal muscle of patients with stable phase COPD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with stable phase COPD and healthy subjects of similar age were included. The assessments of strength and myoelectricity of the quadriceps femoris were recorded. The twitch tension of the quadriceps femoris (TwQ), quadriceps maximum voluntary contraction (QMVC), and endurance time (Tf) were measured...
August 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Fernando De Benedetto, Roberta Pastorelli, Manuela Ferrario, Francesca de Blasio, Stefano Marinari, Laura Brunelli, Emiel F M Wouters, Francesca Polverino, Bartolome R Celli
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle dysfunction and poor functional capacity are important extra-pulmonary manifestations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), especially in COPD patients on long-term O2 therapy (LTOT). Beside the role of pulmonary rehabilitation, the effect of nutritional interventions is still controversial, and there are knowledge gaps on the effective role of nutraceutical supplementation on hard endpoints. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of nutritional supplementation with Coenzyme Q10 (QTer® ) - a powerful antioxidant with the potential to reduce oxidative stress and improve mitochondrial function - and Creatine on functional, nutritional, and metabolomic profile in COPD patients on long-term O2 therapy...
September 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Yong Suk Jo, Yee Hyung Kim, Jung Yeon Lee, Kyungjoo Kim, Ki-Suck Jung, Kwang Ha Yoo, Chin Kook Rhee
Background and objective: The rate of obesity is increasing in Asia, but the clinical impact of body mass index (BMI) on the outcome of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains unknown. We aimed to assess this impact while focusing on the risk of exacerbation, health-care utilization, and medical costs. Methods: We examined 43,864 subjects registered in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) database from 2007 to 2012, and linked the data of COPD patients who had mild to moderate airflow obstruction (n = 1,320) to National Health Insurance (NHI) data...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Stine Hangaard, Thomas Kronborg, Ole K Hejlesen
BACKGROUND: COPD is largely underdiagnosed. Patients with undiagnosed COPD need to be diagnosed to ensure early treatment institution. It is therefore relevant to obtain a more profound understanding of the characteristics of patients with undiagnosed COPD to improve COPD case finding. This study aimed to explore the characteristics of subjects with undiagnosed COPD from the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) dataset (2007-2012) based on post-bronchodilator spirometry...
August 7, 2018: Respiratory Care
Yewande E Odeyemi, O'Dene Lewis, Julius Ngwa, Kristen Dodd, Richard F Gillum, Alem Mehari
PURPOSE: There is presently an ongoing debate on the relative merits of suggested criteria for spirometric airway obstruction. This study tests the null hypothesis that no superiority exists with the use of fixed ratio (FR) of forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) < 0.7 versus less than lower limit predicted (LLN) criteria with or without FEV1 <80% predicted in regards to future mortality. METHODS: In 1988-1994 the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) measured FEV1 and FVC with mortality follow-up data through December 31, 2011...
July 28, 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
İpek Candemir, Pınar Ergün, Dicle Kaymaz, Filiz Taşdemir, Fatma Şengül, Nurcan Egesel
Introduction: Oral nutritional supplement (ONS), an important part of multidisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program, is indicated according to body composition abnormalities in the patients with chronic obtructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We evaluated efficacy of oral nutritional supplement (ONS) during 5-8 months in patients with COPD who completed PR program. Materials and Methods: The data of 41 patients with stable COPD were recorded after the approval had been taken...
March 2018: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
Rachel Long, Catherine Stracy, Marie-Clare Oliver
The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the importance of good nutritional care in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It will highlight the importance of nutritional screening and discuss the Managing Malnutrition Pathway in COPD published by BAPEN in 2016. The remainder of the article will provide guidance on what nutritional advice should be provided to COPD patients while undertaking pulmonary rehabilitation.
July 1, 2018: British Journal of Community Nursing
Sun Hye Shin, Jihwan Park, Juhee Cho, Don D Sin, Hyun Lee, Hye Yun Park
The impact of COPD severity on labor force participation and work loss is not well known. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of occupations and to evaluate the reason for work loss based on the severity of airflow obstruction (AO). We performed a cross-sectional study using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V-VI. We identified 9,901 people aged 40 to 60 years who had normal or AO in spirometry test results. AO was defined as a pre-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity <70%...
June 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Simone Gambazza, Valentina Turrin, Chiara Speziali, Anna Brivio, Lauretta Valmarana, Federica Carta, Anna Marta Clotilde Bulfamante, Carla Colombo
OBJECTIVE: A 6-minute walk work (6MWW), that is the product of distance walked at the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) multiplied by body weight, has been suggested as an appropriate variable for estimating functional capacity. Under the hypothesis that 6MWW strongly correlates with expiratory muscle strength (PE max), as found in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), the aim of the study was to determine the degree of this correlation in adults with cystic fibrosis. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Regional Referral Centre for Cystic Fibrosis, where patients with cystic fibrosis attending their regular follow-up, aged 18 years or older with mild-to-normal lung disease, were asked to participate...
June 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
Barbora Novotna, Mohammed Abdel-Hamid, Vladimir Koblizek, Michal Svoboda, Karel Hejduk, Vit Rehacek, Josef Bis, Frantisek Salajka
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous condition with multiple clinical faces. Metabolomic profiling studies small molecules present in biological samples by combined use of chromatography with mass spectrometry. OBJECTIVES: The goal of our work was to perform a high performance liquid chromatography combined with tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) metabolomic study to compare the concentrations of metabolites in COPD patients and in controls...
April 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Aalt Bast, Khrystyna O Semen, Marjolein Drent
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sarcoidosis is a chronic disease, which is routinely treated with corticosteroids. Steroid resistance or steroid-induced adverse effects require alternatives. Other immune-modulating pharmacological treatments have been developed, and therefore expanded tremendously. Until now, the role of nutrition in the overall management of sarcoidosis has been neglected although anti-inflammatory properties of nutritional components have been known for many years now. New nutritional possibilities emerge from already existing data and offer new therapeutic avenues in the treatment of sarcoidosis...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
L Guilleminault, Y Rolland, A Didier
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a respiratory disorder responsible for a high mortality and disability. People older than 65 years are more commonly affected than younger people and tend to present with more symptoms and a greater level of disability. Non-pharmacological interventions play an important role in the management of all patients with COPD and this is particularly true in the elderly. Given the improvement in quality of life and risk of hospitalization, smoking cessation should be promoted to patients of all ages...
June 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Esther Barreiro, Ariel Jaitovich
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) experience several systemic manifestations such skeletal muscle dysfunction with and without muscle mass loss. Moreover, frequent comorbidities such as nutritional abnormalities, heart failure, and pulmonary hypertension, which are frequently associated with COPD may further contribute to skeletal muscle mass loss and dysfunction. Muscle dysfunction impairs the patients' exercise capacity and quality of life as daily life activities may be hampered by this problem...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Ghislaine Gayan-Ramirez
Exacerbation of COPD is associated with a worsening of lung function and symptoms, and a serious loss in functional status and health related quality of life. It also represents the major cause for emergency hospitalization in COPD patients which places the patient at risk for developing further muscle weakness. Actually, loss of muscle function developed fast and continued to decrease over time during hospitalization and may be further compromised when disease deterioration would require the use of ventilator support...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Ramzi Lakhdar, Roberto A Rabinovich
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) associates with several extra-pulmonary effects. Muscle dysfunction and wasting is one of the most prominent extra-pulmonary effects and contributes to exercise limitation and health related quality of life (HRQoL), morbidity as well as mortality. The loss of muscle mass is characterised by an impaired balance between protein synthesis (anabolism) and protein breakdown (catabolism) which relates to nutritional disturbances, muscle disuse and the presence of a systemic inflammation, among other factors...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Bruno-Pierre Dubé, Pierantonio Laveneziana
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a prevalent, complex and debilitating disease which imposes a formidable burden on patients and the healthcare system. The recognition that COPD is a multifaceted disease is not new, and increasing evidence have outlined the importance of its extra-pulmonary manifestations and its relation to other comorbid conditions in the clinical course of the disease and its societal cost. The relationship between aging, COPD and its comorbidities on skeletal muscle function and nutritional status is complex, multidirectional and incompletely understood...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Joaquim Gea, Antoni Sancho-Muñoz, Roberto Chalela
Nutritional abnormalities are frequent in different chronic respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis (CF), interstitial fibrosis and lung cancer, having important clinical consequences. However, nutritional abnormalities often remained underdiagnosed due to the relative lack of awareness of health professionals. Therefore, systematic anthropometry or even better, assessment of body composition, should be performed in all patients with chronic respiratory conditions, especially following exacerbation periods when malnutrition becomes more accentuated...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Esther Barreiro, Ariel Jaitovich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Ruiqi Chen, Lu Xing, Chao You, Xuemei Ou
OBJECTIVES: Due to their increased energy expenditure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with respiratory failure are susceptible to malnutrition. This study aimed to compare the predictive values of the following three widely used nutritional assessment methods for the clinical prognosis of COPD patients with respiratory failure: body mass index (BMI), Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002), and serum albumin (ALB) level. METHODS: COPD patients with respiratory failure treated in our center from June 2013 to June 2016 were retrospectively included...
June 12, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
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