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Copd nutrition

Sun Hye Shin, Jihwan Park, Juhee Cho, Don D Sin, Hyun Lee, Hye Yun Park
The impact of COPD severity on labor force participation and work loss is not well known. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of occupations and to evaluate the reason for work loss based on the severity of airflow obstruction (AO). We performed a cross-sectional study using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V-VI. We identified 9,901 people aged 40 to 60 years who had normal or AO in spirometry test results. AO was defined as a pre-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity <70%...
June 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Simone Gambazza, Valentina Turrin, Chiara Speziali, Anna Brivio, Lauretta Valmarana, Federica Carta, Anna Marta Clotilde Bulfamante, Carla Colombo
OBJECTIVE: A 6-minute walk work (6MWW), that is the product of distance walked at the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) multiplied by body weight, has been suggested as an appropriate variable for estimating functional capacity. Under the hypothesis that 6MWW strongly correlates with expiratory muscle strength (PE max), as found in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), the aim of the study was to determine the degree of this correlation in adults with cystic fibrosis. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Regional Referral Centre for Cystic Fibrosis, where patients with cystic fibrosis attending their regular follow-up, aged 18 years or older with mild-to-normal lung disease, were asked to participate...
June 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
Barbora Novotna, Mohammed Abdel-Hamid, Vladimir Koblizek, Michal Svoboda, Karel Hejduk, Vit Rehacek, Josef Bis, Frantisek Salajka
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous condition with multiple clinical faces. Metabolomic profiling studies small molecules present in biological samples by combined use of chromatography with mass spectrometry. OBJECTIVES: The goal of our work was to perform a high performance liquid chromatography combined with tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) metabolomic study to compare the concentrations of metabolites in COPD patients and in controls...
April 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Aalt Bast, Khrystyna O Semen, Marjolein Drent
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sarcoidosis is a chronic disease, which is routinely treated with corticosteroids. Steroid resistance or steroid-induced adverse effects require alternatives. Other immune-modulating pharmacological treatments have been developed, and therefore expanded tremendously. Until now, the role of nutrition in the overall management of sarcoidosis has been neglected although anti-inflammatory properties of nutritional components have been known for many years now. New nutritional possibilities emerge from already existing data and offer new therapeutic avenues in the treatment of sarcoidosis...
June 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
L Guilleminault, Y Rolland, A Didier
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a respiratory disorder responsible for a high mortality and disability. People older than 65 years are more commonly affected than younger people and tend to present with more symptoms and a greater level of disability. Non-pharmacological interventions play an important role in the management of all patients with COPD and this is particularly true in the elderly. Given the improvement in quality of life and risk of hospitalization, smoking cessation should be promoted to patients of all ages...
June 21, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Esther Barreiro, Ariel Jaitovich
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) experience several systemic manifestations such skeletal muscle dysfunction with and without muscle mass loss. Moreover, frequent comorbidities such as nutritional abnormalities, heart failure, and pulmonary hypertension, which are frequently associated with COPD may further contribute to skeletal muscle mass loss and dysfunction. Muscle dysfunction impairs the patients' exercise capacity and quality of life as daily life activities may be hampered by this problem...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Ghislaine Gayan-Ramirez
Exacerbation of COPD is associated with a worsening of lung function and symptoms, and a serious loss in functional status and health related quality of life. It also represents the major cause for emergency hospitalization in COPD patients which places the patient at risk for developing further muscle weakness. Actually, loss of muscle function developed fast and continued to decrease over time during hospitalization and may be further compromised when disease deterioration would require the use of ventilator support...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Ramzi Lakhdar, Roberto A Rabinovich
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) associates with several extra-pulmonary effects. Muscle dysfunction and wasting is one of the most prominent extra-pulmonary effects and contributes to exercise limitation and health related quality of life (HRQoL), morbidity as well as mortality. The loss of muscle mass is characterised by an impaired balance between protein synthesis (anabolism) and protein breakdown (catabolism) which relates to nutritional disturbances, muscle disuse and the presence of a systemic inflammation, among other factors...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Bruno-Pierre Dubé, Pierantonio Laveneziana
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a prevalent, complex and debilitating disease which imposes a formidable burden on patients and the healthcare system. The recognition that COPD is a multifaceted disease is not new, and increasing evidence have outlined the importance of its extra-pulmonary manifestations and its relation to other comorbid conditions in the clinical course of the disease and its societal cost. The relationship between aging, COPD and its comorbidities on skeletal muscle function and nutritional status is complex, multidirectional and incompletely understood...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Joaquim Gea, Antoni Sancho-Muñoz, Roberto Chalela
Nutritional abnormalities are frequent in different chronic respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis (CF), interstitial fibrosis and lung cancer, having important clinical consequences. However, nutritional abnormalities often remained underdiagnosed due to the relative lack of awareness of health professionals. Therefore, systematic anthropometry or even better, assessment of body composition, should be performed in all patients with chronic respiratory conditions, especially following exacerbation periods when malnutrition becomes more accentuated...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Esther Barreiro, Ariel Jaitovich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Ruiqi Chen, Lu Xing, Chao You, Xuemei Ou
OBJECTIVES: Due to their increased energy expenditure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with respiratory failure are susceptible to malnutrition. This study aimed to compare the predictive values of the following three widely used nutritional assessment methods for the clinical prognosis of COPD patients with respiratory failure: body mass index (BMI), Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002), and serum albumin (ALB) level. METHODS: COPD patients with respiratory failure treated in our center from June 2013 to June 2016 were retrospectively included...
June 12, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Angelico Mendy, Erick Forno, Theophile Niyonsenga, Ryan Carnahan, Janvier Gasana
BACKGROUND: Perceived to be distinct, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can co-exist and potentially have a worse prognosis than the separate diseases. Yet, little is known about the exact prevalence and the characteristics of the Asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) in the U.S. POPULATION: <AbstractText Label="AIMS" NlmCategory="OBJECTIVE">To determine ACO prevalence in the U.S., identify ACO predictors, examine ACO association with asthma and COPD severity, and describe distinctive spirometry and laboratory features of ACO...
June 5, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Jay J Shen, Eunjeong Ko, Pearl Kim, Sun Jung Kim, Yong-Jae Lee, Jae-Hoon Lee, Ji Won Yoo
AIM: Little is known regarding the extent to which dying patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) receive life-sustaining procedures and palliative care in US hospitals. We examined temporal trends and the impact of palliative care on the use of life-sustaining procedures in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective nationwide cohort analysis was performed using weighted National Inpatient Sample (NIS) data obtained from 2010 to 2014...
July 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
Ji-Hoon Lee, Min A Park, Myung Jae Park, Yong Suk Jo
Background and objective: Although depression is considered one of the comorbidities of COPD, the clinical characteristics of depression in patients with early COPD remain unknown. We aimed to use national-level data to identify the clinical features and risk factors of depression in patients with early COPD. Methods: We examined 7,550 subjects who were registered in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey database of 2014 because that was the only year in which the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 for depression status was administered...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Michele Vitacca, Mara Paneroni
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF) frequently coexist, significantly reducing the patient's quality of life (QoL) and increasing morbidity, disability and mortality. For both diseases, a multidisciplinary disease-management approach offers the best outcomes and reduces hospital readmissions. In both conditions, muscle dysfunction may dramatically influence symptoms, exercise tolerance/performance, health status and healthcare costs. The present review describes muscular abnormalities and mechanisms underlying these alterations...
May 25, 2018: COPD
Mehmet Toptas, Mazhar Yalcin, İbrahim Akkoc, Eren Demir, Cagatay Metin, Yildiray Savas, Muhsin Kalyoncuoglu, Mehmet Mustafa Can
Background and Aim: Psoas muscle area (PMA) can reflect the status of skeletal muscle in the whole body. It has been also reported that decreased PMA was associated with postoperative mortality or morbidity after several surgical procedures. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relation between PMA and mortality in all age groups in intensive care unit (UNIT). Materials and Method: The study consists of 362 consecutive patients. The demographic characteristics of patients, indications for ICU hospitalization, laboratory parameters, and clinical parameters consist of mortality and length of stay, and surgery history was obtained from intensive care archive records...
2018: BioMed Research International
Lesia V Savchenko, Igor P Kaidashev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obesity are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and according to current estimates, the global burden of these conditions will be even greater. The basis for COPD treatment is bronchodilator therapy and non-pharmacotherapy approaches, such as respiratory rehabilitation and dietary counseling. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of lifestyle modification on anthropometric indices, markers of systemic inflammation, quality of life in patients with COPD and obesity...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Suchit Kumbhare, Charlie Strange
OBJECTIVES: Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap (ACO) is recognized increasingly as a distinct clinical entity and is associated with higher comorbidities compared with patients with asthma and COPD alone. Little is known about the leading causes of death related to ACO in the US general population, however. Our aim was to define the causes of mortality among patients with ACO compared with asthma and COPD in the US population. METHODS: We examined questions using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III database linked to the National Death Index...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
Rita Amaral, João A Fonseca, Tiago Jacinto, Ana M Pereira, Andrei Malinovschi, Christer Janson, Kjell Alving
Background: Evidence for distinct asthma phenotypes and their overlap is becoming increasingly relevant to identify personalized and targeted therapeutic strategies. In this study, we aimed to describe the overlap of five commonly reported asthma phenotypes in US adults with current asthma and assess its association with asthma outcomes. Methods: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 2007-2012 were used (n = 30,442). Adults with current asthma were selected...
2018: Clinical and Translational Allergy
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