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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900930/availability-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-primary-care-for-patients-with-copd-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden
#1
Mats Arne, Margareta Emtner, Karin Lisspers, Karin Wadell, Björn Ställberg
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an important, evidence-based component for the management of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In daily practice, the majority of COPD patients are treated in primary care. However, information about the availability of PR in primary care in Sweden is lacking. The aim was to investigate the availability of rehabilitation resources in primary care settings for patients with COPD in Sweden. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive design was applied, using web-based questionnaires sent to all primary care centres in four regions, comprising more than half of the 9...
2016: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898452/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-malnutrition-in-developing-countries
#2
Inderpaul S Sehgal, Sahajal Dhooria, Ritesh Agarwal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disorder characterized by progressive, poorly reversible airflow limitation. In addition to its pulmonary manifestations, COPD is also associated with several systemic expressions including anemia, osteoporosis, coronary artery disease, and malnutrition. In COPD, malnutrition is a consequence of reduced nutritional intake and muscle loss, further compounded by systemic inflammation. In the developing world, malnutrition is a significant problem by itself, even without any systemic illness...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890988/variability-in-proteinase-antiproteinase-balance-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life-in-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-due-to-tobacco-and-nontobacco-etiology
#3
Anant Mohan, Mini Sharma, Arvind Uniyal, Rajlaxmi Borah, Kalpana Luthra, R M Pandey, Karan Madan, Vijay Hadda, Randeep Guleria
CONTEXT: Although the role of proteinase/antiproteinase imbalance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) due to tobacco is well established, information in COPD due to nontobacco etiology is sparse. AIMS: To assess the variability in metalloproteinase activity in COPD related to tobacco and nontobacco causes. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a hospital-based, prospective, observational study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Serum matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) were estimated in 200 subjects divided equally into four groups, i...
November 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866758/the-influence-of-deprivation-on-malnutrition-risk-in-outpatients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#4
P F Collins, M Elia, R J Kurukulaaratchy, R J Stratton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The social gradient in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is considerable, but the influence of deprivation on common clinical risk factors such as malnutrition is unclear. This study aimed to explore the relationship between COPD disease-severity, deprivation and malnutrition. METHODS: 424 outpatients with a confirmed diagnosis of COPD were routinely screened for malnutrition risk using the 'Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool' ('MUST') while attending respiratory clinics across two hospitals; a large city hospital (site A) and a smaller community hospital (site B)...
November 11, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843308/dietary-vitamin-c-intake-protects-against-copd-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-in-2012
#5
Hye Jung Park, Min Kwang Byun, Hyung Jung Kim, Jae Yeol Kim, Yu-Il Kim, Kwang-Ha Yoo, Eun Mi Chun, Ji Ye Jung, Sang Haak Lee, Chul Min Ahn
BACKGROUND: Vitamin C, as an antioxidant, has recently been suggested to provide protection against COPD; however, only few national cohort studies have investigated these effects. We aimed to confirm the protective effects of vitamin C against COPD in Korean patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the data of 3,283 adults aged ≥40 years (representing 23,541,704 subjects) who underwent pulmonary function tests and responded to questionnaires on smoking history and vitamin C intake, with stratification variables and sampling weight designated by the Korea 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843307/the-effect-of-conjugated-linoleic-acid-supplementation-on-the-nutritional-status-of-copd-patients
#6
Hassan Ghobadi, Somaieh Matin, Ali Nemati, Abbas Naghizadeh-Baghi
BACKGROUND: COPD patients are susceptible to anorexia, reduction of caloric intake, weight loss, and malnutrition. One of the possible mechanisms is the increase of inflammatory markers such as interleukin 1β (IL1β), is highly correlated with anorexia. Considering the anti-inflammatory role of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), this study aimed to investigate the effect of CLA supplementation on the nutritional status of COPD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a double-blind clinical trial, 93 COPD patients who volunteered to participate in the study and who filled out a written consent form, were randomly assigned to control or supplementation groups...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809578/integrating-nutrition-into-pathways-for-patients-with-copd
#7
Matthew Hodson
This article looks at the role of the community nurse in assessing the nutritional status of patients with COPD and in integrating nutrition into the COPD care pathway.
November 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757027/evaluation-of-body-composition-in-copd-patients-using-multifrequency-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis
#8
Francesca de Blasio, Francesco de Blasio, Giulia Miracco Berlingieri, Andrea Bianco, Marta La Greca, Frits M E Franssen, Luca Scalfi
BACKGROUND: Multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (MF-BIA) is a technique that measures body impedance (Z) at different frequencies (5, 10, 50, 100, and 250 kHz). Body composition may be estimated using empirical equations, which include BIA variables or, alternatively, raw BIA data may provide direct information on water distribution and muscle quality. OBJECTIVES: To compare raw MF-BIA data between COPD patients and controls and to study their relationship with respiratory and functional parameters in COPD patients...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749901/sarcopenia-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-decreased-bmd-in-copd-patients-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-iv-and-v-2008-2011
#9
Dong-Won Lee, Eun-Young Choi
BACKGROUND: A decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) is a systemic consequence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Past reports have rarely examined any correlation between sarcopenia and BMD. We investigated the relationship cross-sectionally between the presence of sarcopenia and BMD reduction in COPD patients. METHODS: COPD patients aged 50 or older with qualifying spirometry and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry data were from participants in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys IV and V (2008-2011)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730178/effect-of-add-on-interventions-on-exercise-training-in-individuals-with-copd-a-systematic-review
#10
Carlos A Camillo, Christian R Osadnik, Hans van Remoortel, Chris Burtin, Wim Janssens, Thierry Troosters
The aim of this review was to identify the effectiveness of therapies added on to conventional exercise training to maximise exercise capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Electronic databases were searched, identifying trials comparing exercise training with exercise training plus "add-on" therapy. Outcomes included peak oxygen uptake (V'O2peak), work rate and incremental/endurance cycle and field walking tests. Individual trial effects on exercise capacity were extracted and collated into eight subgroups and pooled for meta-analysis...
January 2016: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670684/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-healthy-subjects
#11
Guler Ozgul, Ekrem Cengiz Seyhan, Mehmet Akif Özgül, Mehmet Zeki Günlüoğlu
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is accepted as a powerful predictor of outcomes in patients with CVD. AIMS: To study RDW in patients with COPD, and to compare the value of this measurement with clinical, echocardiographic, nutritional and laboratory status. Secondly, we aimed to determine the effect of smoking on RDW values in healthy subjects. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-five patients with stable COPD and 210 healthy controls were enrolled in the study...
September 23, 2016: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669818/a-minor-but-deadly-surgery-of-colonic-polypectomy-in-an-elderly-and-fragile-patient-a-case-report-and-the-review-of-literature
#12
Xiaoming Yuan, Guangrong Zhou, Yan He, Aiwen Feng
BACKGROUND: Epithelial dysplasia and adenomatous polyps of colorectum are precancerous lesions. Surgical removal is still one of the important treatment approaches for colorectal polyps. CASE PRESENTATION: A male patient over 78 years was admitted due to bloody stool and abdominal pain. Colonoscopic biopsy showed a high-grade epithelial dysplasia in an adenomatous polyp of sigmoid colon. Anemia, COPD, ischemic heart disease (IHD), arrhythmias, and hypoproteinemia were comorbidities...
September 26, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660432/fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-levels-in-asthma-copd-overlap-syndrome-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#13
Tadahiro Goto, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
PURPOSE: Recent studies propose TH2-mediated inflammation in patients with asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS). However, little is known about whether fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) differs between patients with ACOS and those with COPD alone. To address this knowledge gap, a nationally representative sample was analyzed to determine the difference in FeNO levels between patients with ACOS and those with COPD alone in the US population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007 through 2012...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639279/-sarcopenia-in-the-elderly-with-a-history-of-copd-asthma-results-of-the-sabe-bogot%C3%A3-study
#14
Miguel Germán Borda, Carlos Andrés Celis-Preciado, Mario Ulises Pérez-Zepeda, Julián David Ríos-Zuluaga, Carlos Alberto Cano-Gutiérrez
INTRODUCTION: It has been reported that sarcopenia frequently co-exists with COPD/asthma, and can significantly affect quality of life and the control of chronic diseases. The aim of this study is to describe the association between COPD/asthma and sarcopenia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data was used from the SABE-Bogotá study, which included 2,000 older adults aged 60 years or more. It is a cross-probabilistic cluster sample with 81.9% coverage. The dependent variable was COPD/asthma...
September 15, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636923/-pulmonary-rehabilitation-as-an-effective-method-for-optimizing-therapeutic-and-preventive-measures-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-concurrent-with-metabolic-syndrome
#15
A V Budnevsky, Ya V Isaeva, E Yu Malysh, S A Kozhevnikova
AIM: to evaluate the impact of a pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) cycle based on patient education, smoking cessation, physical exercises, and balanced nutrition in addition to standard therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD in patients with this condition. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 70 patients (27 (38.6%) women and 43 (61.4%) men) aged 18 to 60 years (mean age, 48.31±0.64 years) with moderate COPD in remission concurrent with MS were examined. The comprehensive examination of the patients encompassed assessment of clinical, instrumental, and laboratory findings at baseline and 12 months...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631208/prevalence-of-chronic-cough-and-possible-causes-in-the-general-population-based-on-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#16
Hyeon-Kyoung Koo, Ina Jeong, Sei Won Lee, Jinkyeong Park, Joo-Hee Kim, So Young Park, Hye Yun Park, Chin Kook Rhee, Yee Hyung Kim, Ji Ye Jung, Sung-Kyoung Kim, Yong Hyun Kim, Eun Young Choi, Ji-Yong Moon, Jong-Wook Shin, Jin Woo Kim, Kyung Hoon Min, Sei Won Kim, Kwang Ha Yoo, Je Hyeong Kim, Seung Hun Jang, Hyoung Kyu Yoon, Hui Jung Kim, Ki-Suck Jung, Deog Kyeom Kim
Although chronic cough is very common, its prevalence and causes have been rarely reported in the large general population including smokers. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of possible causes of chronic cough and their clinical impact.From Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data including 119,280 adults aged over 40 years, 302 individuals with chronic cough were recruited irrespective of smoking status. Data from questionnaire, laboratory tests including spirometry, chest radiographs, and otorhinolaryngologic examination were analyzed...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604798/relationship-between-pulmonary-function-and-bone-mineral-density-in-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#17
In Seon Lee, Ah Young Leem, Sang Hoon Lee, Yumie Rhee, Yoon Ha, Young Sam Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Osteoporosis is common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The relationship between osteoporosis and COPD has been primarily reported in patients with moderate to severe COPD, but there is no report in the general population. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and lung function in the general Korean population. METHODS: This study was based on data acquired from the Fourth and Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES IV and V), conducted from 2008 to 2010...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496063/economic-and-operational-burden-associated-with-malnutrition-in%C3%A2-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
Jian Ming Hoong, Maree Ferguson, Craig Hukins, Peter F Collins
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study aimed to explore its association with all-cause mortality, emergency hospitalisation and subsequently healthcare costs. METHODS: A prospective cohort observational pilot study was carried out in outpatients with COPD that attended routine respiratory clinics at a large tertiary Australian hospital during 2011. Electronic hospital records and hospital coding was used to determine nutritional status and whether a patient was coded as nourished or malnourished and information on healthcare use and 1-year mortality was recorded...
July 18, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492517/undernutrition-state-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-critical-appraisal-on-diagnostics-and-treatment
#19
Gunnar Akner, Kjell Larsson
'Undernutrition state' (UNS) is an ominous condition, in particular when associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this review we discuss pathophysiological mechanisms and how UNS is defined and diagnosed. It seems unlikely that COPD-patients with established UNS have similar potential of reversibility (treatability) upon nutrition interventions as patients at a risk of developing such a condition, i.e. patients with low energy/nutrient intake, since pathophysiological, biochemical and metabolic conditions may differ substantially...
August 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460166/nutritional-status-of-vietnamese-outpatients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
D Hogan, L T T Lan, D T N Diep, D Gallegos, P F Collins
BACKGROUND: Nutritional screening and assessment is not currently part of routine clinical practice in Vietnam. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the utility of the commonly used methods for identifying malnutrition in outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: A cross-sectional pilot study and a larger retrospective study were carried out in outpatients with COPD who were attending a respiratory clinic in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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