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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387447/withdrawn-interventions-for-fatigue-and-weight-loss-in-adults-with-advanced-progressive-illness
#1
REVIEW
Cathy Payne, Philip J Wiffen, Suzanne Martin
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an overview of the evidence available on the efficacy of interventions used in the management of fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness by reviewing the evidence contained within Cochrane reviews...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386744/impact-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-korean-adults-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
Min Young Kim, Sungmin Boo, Mijung Yoo, Jonghyun Lee, Na Ree Kang
PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging issue in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In COPD, loss of muscle mass is relatively common finding, and diagnosis of CKD should be based on measured or estimated GFR (Cavailles et al. Eur Respir Rev 22:454-475, 2013; Gosker et al. Am J Clin Nutr 71:1033-1047, 2000; Delanaye and Mariat Nat Rev Nephrol 9:513-522, 2013). We aimed to determine the prevalence and impact of CKD, defined by using chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation, in COPD patients...
April 6, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353374/prediction-of-poor-short-term-prognosis-and-unmet-needs-in-advanced-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-use-of-the-two-minute-walking-distance-extracted-from-a-six-minute-walk-test
#3
Han-Yee Neo, Hui-Ying Xu, Huei-Yaw Wu, Allyn Hum
OBJECTIVES: Prognostic challenges hinder the identification of patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for timely palliative interventions. We postulate that a two-minute derivative (two-minute walking distance [2MWD]) of a standard six-minute walk test (6MWT) can identify frail subjects with poorer survival for early palliative intervention. The primary outcome of interest is mortality at 18 months. Secondary objectives include evaluation of the relationship between the 2MWD and ability to self-care, dyspnea-related disabilities, nutrition, forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1), quality of life (QoL), and comorbidity burden...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340856/changes-in-the-prevalence-of-copd-in-korea-between-2001-and-2011-in-the-knhanes-data
#4
Ji Young Hong, Ji Ye Jung, Myung Goo Lee, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang, Chang Youl Lee, Young Sam Kim
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious public health problem. Understanding the longitudinal trend in prevalence is important for characterizing the burden of COPD and planning health services. METHODS: We analyzed the prevalence of airflow obstruction between 2001 and 2011 using data from Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Surveys (2001, n = 2217; 2011, n = 3101). Participants >40 years of age with an FEV1/FVC <0...
April 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318846/effectiveness-of-disease-specific-self-management-education-on-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Tao Wang, Jing-Yu Tan, Lily Dongxia Xiao, Renli Deng
OBJECTIVES: To update a previously published systematic review on the effectiveness of self-management education (SME) for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Electronic databases were accessed (from inception to July 2016) to find relevant randomized controlled trials. Studies that compared SME with routine methods of care in COPD patients were retrieved. Both data synthesis and descriptive analysis were used for outcome assessment (e...
March 1, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285641/effectiveness-of-essential-amino-acid-supplementation-in-stimulating-whole-body-net-protein-anabolism-is-comparable-between-copd-patients-and-healthy-older-adults
#6
Renate Jonker, Nicolaas Ep Deutz, Marcia L Erbland, Paula J Anderson, Mariëlle Pkj Engelen
BACKGROUND: The development of effective nutritional strategies in support of muscle growth for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains challenging. Dietary essential amino acids (EAAs) are the main driver of postprandial net protein anabolism. In agreement, EAA supplements in healthy older adults are more effective than supplements with the composition of complete proteins. In patients with COPD it is still unknown whether complete protein supplements can be substituted with only EAAs, and whether they are as effective as in healthy older adults...
April 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280320/the-effect-of-obesity-on-patients-with-mild-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-results-from-knhanes-2010-to-2012
#7
Ju-Hee Park, Jung-Kyu Lee, Eun Young Heo, Deog Kyeom Kim, Hee Soon Chung
PURPOSE: A low body mass index has been associated with high mortalities in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and studies reveal that obesity aggravates the clinical effects of COPD. We investigated the impact of obesity on patients newly identified with COPD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This population-based, cross-sectional study, used data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) conducted from 2010 to 2012...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260872/reduced-nuclear-translocation-of-serum-response-factor-is-associated-with-skeletal-muscle-atrophy-in-a-cigarette-smoke-induced-mouse-model-of-copd
#8
Ran Ma, Xuefang Gong, Hua Jiang, Chunyi Lin, Yuqin Chen, Xiaoming Xu, Chenting Zhang, Jian Wang, Wenju Lu, Nanshan Zhong
Skeletal muscle atrophy and dysfunction are common complications in the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains elusive. Serum response factor (SRF) is a transcription factor which is critical in myocyte differentiation and growth. In this study, we established a mouse COPD model induced by cigarette smoking (CS) exposure for 24 weeks, with apparent pathophysiological changes, including increased airway resistance, enlarged alveoli, and skeletal muscle atrophy...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255237/natural-course-of-early-copd
#9
Chin Kook Rhee, Kyungjoo Kim, Hyoung Kyu Yoon, Jee-Ae Kim, Sang Hyun Kim, Sang Haak Lee, Yong Bum Park, Ki-Suck Jung, Kwang Ha Yoo, Yong Il Hwang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined the natural course of early COPD. The aim of this study was to observe the natural course of early COPD patients. We also aimed to analyze medical utilization and costs for early COPD during a 6-year period. METHODS: Patients with early COPD were selected from Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data. We linked the KNHANES data of patients with early COPD to National Health Insurance data...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144052/evaluation-of-plasma-leptin-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-and-prealbumin-as-prognostic-biomarkers-during-clinical-recovery-from-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
Anant Mohan, Sneh Arora, Arvind Uniyal, Rosemary Poulose, Kalpana Luthra, R M Pandey, Randeep Guleria
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory and nutritional biomarkers have an important bearing on outcomes of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD), but the temporal profile of these compounds during an acute episode is unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Plasma leptin, prealbumin, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) were estimated at baseline and before hospital discharge in patients with AECOPD. RESULTS: A total of 82 patients were evaluated (66 males; mean (standard deviation) age, 61...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143855/-nutraceuticals-in-relation-to-human-skeletal-muscle-and-exercise
#11
REVIEW
Colleen S Deane, Daniel J Wilkinson, Bethan E Phillips, Kenneth Smith, Timothy Etheridge, Philip J Atherton
Skeletal muscles have a fundamental role in locomotion and whole body metabolism, with muscle mass and quality being linked to improved health and even lifespan. Optimizing nutrition in combination with exercise is considered an established, effective ergogenic practice for athletic performance. Importantly, exercise and nutritional approaches also remain arguably the most effective countermeasure for muscle dysfunction associated with aging and numerous clinical conditions, e.g., cancer cachexia, COPD, and organ failure, via engendering favorable adaptations such as increased muscle mass and oxidative capacity...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100824/asthma-copd-overlap-syndrome-showed-more-exacerbations-however-lower-mortality-than-copd
#12
J-W Bai, B Mao, W-L Yang, S Liang, H-W Lu, J-F Xu
BACKGROUND: Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) is a new determinate syndrome whose exact characteristics remain unclear. AIM: The objective of this study is to find more difference between ACOS and COPD. DESIGN: A retrospective study of ACOS and COPD in Chinese. METHODS: Data from 65 patients with ACOS and 65 patients with COPD were retrospectively collected and analyzed. The basis of this study was to compare the two groups while ruling out differences in age, sex and smoking history...
January 18, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100361/-the-relationship-between-nutritional-status-and-oxidative-stress-markers-pulmonary-function-in-patients-with-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#13
X L Jiang, P Zhong, C L Huang, F He, X M Fan, X R Chen
Objective: To investigate the association between the nutritional status of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the levels of serum oxidative stress markers protein carbonyls (PC), malondialdehyde (MDA), 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and pulmonary function. Methods: 200 patients with stable COPD (the COPD group) and 100 healthy individuals (the control group) who visited during June 2014 and August 2014 were enrolled in our study. The levels of PC, MDA, 8-OHdG and TAC in serum were detected...
January 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066619/clinical-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-with-muscle-dysfunction
#14
REVIEW
Joaquim Gea, Carme Casadevall, Sergi Pascual, Mauricio Orozco-Levi, Esther Barreiro
Muscle dysfunction is frequently observed in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, contributing to their exercise limitation and a worsening prognosis. The main factor leading to limb muscle dysfunction is deconditioning, whereas respiratory muscle dysfunction is mostly the result of pulmonary hyperinflation. However, both limb and respiratory muscles are also influenced by other negative factors, including smoking, systemic inflammation, nutritional abnormalities, exacerbations and some drugs...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054402/demographic-health-behavioral-and-self-management-abilities-associated-with-disease-severity-among-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-an-exploratory-study
#15
Lan Wang, Yan-Xia Tao, Xiao-Yan Dong, Qing Zhang, Hong Zheng, Ya-Shu Zheng, Xing-Yue Tang, Jing-Rui Xu, Yue Zhao
This study aimed to identify the association between demographic characteristics, health behaviors, self-management abilities, and disease severity among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The study was conducted from January to December 2015 in 4 hospitals in China. The DOSE index was assessed by grade of dyspnea (D), airflow obstruction (O), current smoking status (S), and frequency of exacerbation in the last year (E). Self-management abilities were assessed by the COPD self-management scale...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053845/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-among-nonsmokers-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#16
Heeyoung Oh, Ye-Eun Lee
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of COPD among non-smoking adults, and to investigate the risk factors that affect disease occurrence. METHODS: The data from the 5th Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHNES) has been used, and 5,489 non-smoking adults aged between 40 to 79 years with diagnosable FEV1/FVC were selected therefrom as the subjects of this study. RESULTS: The prevalence of COPD in non-smokers was observed to be 6...
December 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012805/clinical-implications-of-sarcopenia-on-decreased-bone-density-in-men-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
Ji An Hwang, Young Sam Kim, Ah Young Leem, Moo Suk Park, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang, Ji Ye Jung
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia and osteoporosis are systemic features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study investigated the association between sarcopenia and osteopenia/osteoporosis, and the factors associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) in men with COPD. METHODS: Data of 777 men with COPD who underwent both pulmonary function test and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry were extracted from the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey database between 2008 and 2011...
December 21, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942209/association-of-serum-ferritin-levels-with-smoking-and-lung-function-in-the-korean-adult-population-analysis-of-the-fourth-and-fifth-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#18
Chan Ho Lee, Eun Kyung Goag, Su Hwan Lee, Kyung Soo Chung, Ji Ye Jung, Moo Suk Park, Young Sam Kim, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang, Joo Han Song
BACKGROUND: Iron-catalyzed oxidative stress contributes to lung injury after exposure to various toxins, including cigarette smoke. An oxidant/antioxidant imbalance is considered to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of COPD. Ferritin is a key protein in iron homeostasis, and its capacity to oxidize and sequester the metal preventing iron prooxidant activity implicates its possible role in the alteration of antioxidant imbalance. We investigated the relationship among cigarette smoking, lung function, and serum ferritin concentration in a large cohort representative of the Korean adult population...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923983/sex-differences-in-function-and-structure-of-the-quadriceps-muscle-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#19
Pilar Ausín, Juana Martínez-Llorens, Marina Sabaté-Bresco, Carme Casadevall, Esther Barreiro, Joaquim Gea
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex disorder with extrapulmonary manifestations. Even though there is some knowledge regarding sex differences in the lung disease, little is known about extrapulmonary manifestations. Our aim was to analyze the specific profile of muscle dysfunction, structure, and biology in COPD women. Twenty-one women and 19 men with stable COPD as well as 15 controls were included. Nutritional status, physical activity, lung and muscle function, exercise capacity, and quality of life were assessed...
December 6, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900930/availability-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-primary-care-for-patients-with-copd-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden
#20
Mats Arne, Margareta Emtner, Karin Lisspers, Karin Wadell, Björn Ställberg
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an important, evidence-based component for the management of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In daily practice, the majority of COPD patients are treated in primary care. However, information about the availability of PR in primary care in Sweden is lacking. The aim was to investigate the availability of rehabilitation resources in primary care settings for patients with COPD in Sweden. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive design was applied, using web-based questionnaires sent to all primary care centres in four regions, comprising more than half of the 9...
2016: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
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