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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133979/dietary-nutrients-associated-with-preservation-of-lung-function-in-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-smokers-from-new-mexico
#1
Shuguang Leng, Maria A Picchi, Yohannes Tesfaigzi, Guodong Wu, W James Gauderman, Fadi Xu, Frank D Gilliland, Steven A Belinsky
Background: COPD is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Cigarette smoking accelerates the age-related forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) decline, an important determinant for the genesis of COPD. Hispanic smokers have lower COPD prevalence and FEV1 decline than non-Hispanic whites (NHWs). Patients and methods: A nutritional epidemiological study was conducted in the Lovelace Smokers cohort (LSC; n=1,829) and the Veterans Smokers cohort (n=508) to identify dietary nutrients (n=139) associated with average FEV1 and its decline and to assess whether nutrient intakes could explain ethnic disparity in FEV1 decline between Hispanics and NHW smokers...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118577/associations-between-occupational-inhalation-risks-and-feno-levels-in-airway-obstruction-patients-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#2
Yi-Chih Huang, Mei-Chen Yang
Purpose: To investigate associations between occupational inhalation risks and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Patients and methods: Data of 16,486 subjects who had undergone spirometry with pre-bronchodilator and post-bronchodilator lung function assessment were retrieved from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007-2012 database. After excluding 2,638 subjects with missing spirometry values, data of 13,336 subjects were included for analysis...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099635/nutritional-status-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-relation-to-their-physical-performance
#3
Zinka Matkovic, Danijel Cvetko, Dario Rahelic, Cristina Esquinas, Marko Zarak, Marc Miravitlles, Neven Tudoric
Nutritional abnormalities and physical inactivity are highly prevalent in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to determine the association between nutritional status/body composition and physical performance in patients with COPD. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in outpatients with clinically stable, moderate to very severe COPD. In the assessment of nutritional status, we used dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, anthropometry, serum biomarkers, and the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) questionnaire...
November 3, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094998/-nutritional-and-functional-state-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-effects-of-oral-nutritional-supplementation-ofos-study
#4
Maria Del Pilar Benito Martínez, Jorge Estanislao La Serna Infantes, Marta Guarro Riba, Mireia Morera Inglès, Diego Marco Camere Colarossi, Marco Antonio Camere Torrealva
INTRODUCTION: Weight loss and malnutrition are associated with a worse prognosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the OFOS study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of a new nutritional oral formula in adults with COPD with weight loss or malnutrition. METHODS: Prospective, single-centre, randomized, open-label and controlled trial conducted in Lima (Peru). A total of 99 outpatients of both sexes were included (control [GC]: 49; supplement [GS]: 50), aged from 18 to 80 years old, who had been diagnosed with COPD and that suffered from malnutrition or involuntary weight loss during the last months...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093231/factors-related-with-handgrip-strength-in-elderly-patients
#5
Nur Riviati, Siti Setiati, Purwita W Laksmi, Murdani Abdullah
BACKGROUND: the aging process causes decreasing in the function of various organs. Skletal muscle is one of the organs affected by aging process. It is known as sarcopenia. Sarcopenia is defined as a syndrome characterized by progressive loss of muscle mass and strength. The handgrip strength examination is often applied as a sarcopenia filtering technique. This study aimed to determine the relationship between age, nutritional status, and chronic diseases such as stroke, hypertension (HT), diabetes mellitus (DM), coronary heart disease (CHD), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with handgrip strength...
July 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069917/the-association-between-serological-features-of-chronic-chlamydia-pneumoniae-infection-and-markers-of-systemic-inflammation-and-nutrition-in-copd-patients
#6
Magdalena Paplińska-Goryca, Renata Rubinsztajn, Patrycja Nejman-Gryz, Tadeusz Przybyłowski, Rafał Krenke, Ryszarda Chazan
INTRODUCTION: Chlamydia pneumoniae is an obligatory human pathogen involved in lower and upper airway infections, including pneumonia, bronchitis. Asymptomatic C. pneumoniae carriage is also relatively common. The association of C. pneumoniae infections with the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) course is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the association between chronic C. pneumoniae infection and clinical features of COPD, markers of inflammation and metabolic dysfunction...
October 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064260/deterioration-of-limb-muscle-function-during-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
Raolat M Abdulai, Tina Jellesmark Jensen, Naimish R Patel, Michael I Polkey, Paul Jansson, Bartolomé R Celli, Stephen I Rennard
Important features of both stable and acute exacerbation of COPD are skeletal muscle weakness and wasting. Limb muscle dysfunction during an exacerbation has been linked to various adverse outcomes, including prolonged hospitalization, readmission, and mortality. The contributing factors leading to muscle dysfunction are similar to those seen in stable COPD: disuse, nutrition/energy balance, hypercapnia, hypoxemia, electrolyte derangements, inflammation, and drugs (i.e., glucocorticoids). These factors may be the trigger for a downstream cascade of local inflammatory changes, pathway process alterations, and structural degradation...
October 24, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053575/the-impact-of-a-weight-loss-intervention-on-diet-quality-and-eating-behaviours-in-people-with-obesity-and-copd
#8
Rebecca F McLoughlin, Vanessa M McDonald, Peter G Gibson, Hayley A Scott, Michael J Hensley, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks, Lisa G Wood
There is a paucity of evidence to guide clinicians about appropriate management strategies for people with obesity and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). We have recently published results from the first weight loss intervention in adults (>18 years) with obesity (body mass index; BMI ≥ 30 kg/m²) and COPD, using a low-calorie diet coupled with a partial meal replacement plan and resistance exercise training, which resulted in a 6.4% reduction in weight while maintaining skeletal muscle mass and improving health status...
October 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043487/the-differences-in-spirometry-predictive-equations-in-classifying-presence-and-degree-of-lung-function-impairment-which-suit-fits-the-best
#9
Marija Vukoja, Aleksandar Bokan, Gordana Vujasinovic, Ivan Kopitovic
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the differences between three most commonly used predictive equations (PE): ECCS (European Community of Coal and Steel), the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), and GLI (Global Lung Initiative) in healthy individuals and when grading severity of lung function impairment in patients with obstructive lung diseases. METHODS: The study included 200 healthy volunteers and 200 patients with obstructive lung diseases at the Institute for Pulmonary Diseases of Vojvodina...
October 17, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020801/factors-influencing-influenza-vaccination-among-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#10
Hyun-Young Shin, Hee-Jin Hwang, Jae Ho Chung
This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with vaccination coverage among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in Korea using the fourth to the sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES IV, V, VI). A total of 16 812 subjects aged 40 years and older who underwent spirometry and had an "influenza vaccination history" were analyzed. The vaccination rate of middle-aged (40-64 years) COPD patients was only 31.9%; whereas, the vaccination rate of elderly (65 years and older) COPD patients was 80...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979113/comparative-study-on-medical-utilization-and-costs-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-good-lung-function
#11
Jeong Uk Lim, Kyungjoo Kim, Sang Hyun Kim, Myung Goo Lee, Sang Yeub Lee, Kwang Ha Yoo, Sang Haak Lee, Ki-Suck Jung, Chin Kook Rhee, Yong Il Hwang
INTRODUCTION: Patients with mild to moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are underdiagnosed and undertreated due to the asymptomatic nature of the disease. Previous studies on patients with mild COPD have focused on symptomatic patients. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the treatment status of patients with early COPD in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared hospital visits, medical costs per person, and COPD medication use by patients with COPD screened from the general population and COPD cohort patients...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947048/association-of-lung-function-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-american-heart-association-s-life-s-simple-7-cardiovascular-health-metrics
#12
Wenjun Fan, Hwa Lee, Angela Lee, Chi Kieu, Nathan D Wong
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the U.S. There is a strong association between COPD and cardiovascular (CV) disease; however, the relation between COPD and CV health factors is not well defined. We examined the relation between lung function and CV health factors defined by American Heart Association's (AHA) Life's Simple 7 (LS7). METHODS: We studied 6352 adults aged ≥20 from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2012...
October 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919733/cycle-ergometer-and-inspiratory-muscle-training-offer-modest-benefit-compared-with-cycle-ergometer-alone-a-comprehensive-assessment-in-stable-copd-patients
#13
Kai Wang, Guang-Qiao Zeng, Rui Li, Yu-Wen Luo, Mei Wang, Yu-He Hu, Wen-Hui Xu, Lu-Qian Zhou, Rong-Chang Chen, Xin Chen
BACKGROUND: Cycle ergometer training (CET) has been shown to improve exercise performance of the quadriceps muscles in patients with COPD, and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) may improve the pressure-generating capacity of the inspiratory muscles. However, the effects of combined CET and IMT remain unclear and there is a lack of comprehensive assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one patients with COPD were randomly allocated to three groups: 28 received 8 weeks of CET + IMT (combined training group), 27 received 8 weeks of CET alone (CET group), and 26 only received 8 weeks of free walking (control group)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901331/raw-bia-variables-are-predictors-of-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
F de Blasio, M G Santaniello, F de Blasio, G Mazzarella, A Bianco, L Lionetti, F M E Franssen, L Scalfi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although loss of fat-free mass (FFM) and reduced muscle strength are highly prevalent in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), only few data are available on the relationships of handgrip strength (HGS) and respiratory muscle strength with body composition in such disease. In particular, we aimed to assess whether raw bioelectrical impedance (BIA) variables were independent predictors of muscle strength in COPD patients, possibly more significant than anthropometric variables and BIA-based estimates of FFM...
November 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891198/targeted-medical-nutrition-for-cachexia-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Philip C Calder, Alessandro Laviano, Fredrik Lonnqvist, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Maria Öhlander, Annemie Schols
BACKGROUND: Cachectic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may benefit from nutritional support. This double-blind, randomized, controlled trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of targeted medical nutrition (TMN) vs. an isocaloric comparator in pre-cachectic and cachectic patients with COPD. METHODS: Patients aged ≥50 years with moderate-to-severe COPD and involuntary weight loss or low body mass index (16-18 kg/m(2) ) were randomized 1:1 to receive TMN (~230 kcal; 2 g omega-3 fatty acids; 10 μg 25-hydroxy-vitamin D3) or isocaloric comparator twice daily for 12 weeks (ClinicalTrials...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870405/gut-microbiota-dependent-trimethylamine-n-oxide-is-associated-with-long-term-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-with-exacerbated-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
Manuel Ottiger, Manuela Nickler, Christian Steuer, Luca Bernasconi, Andreas Huber, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Christoph Henzen, Claus Hoess, Robert Thomann, Werner Zimmerli, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
OBJECTIVES: The gut, microflora-dependent metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) has emerged as a dietary-associated risk factor for incident cardiovascular events. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a prevalent disease worldwide with a high associated risk for cardiovascular disease and death due to an infectious cause. AIMS: To study whether TMAO is predictive for adverse clinical outcomes in patients with exacerbated COPD. METHODS: A total of 189 patients with COPD exacerbation were prospectively followed for a median of 6...
July 6, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846483/palliative-care-needs-in-an-acute-internal-medicine-ward-in-mexico
#17
Tania Zertuche-Maldonado, Rodrigo Tellez-Villarreal, Antonio Pascual, Salvador B Valdovinos-Chavez, Abel Jesus Barragan-Berlanga, Maria Teresa Sanchez-Avila, Leonardo Bracho-Vela, Adria Tinoco-Aranda, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND: Palliative care is an evolving but underdeveloped practice in Mexico. OBJECTIVE: The primary end point of this prospective observational study was to identify internal medicine inpatients fulfilling advanced criteria within a second-level hospital. Secondary end points were symptom burden, treatment, resource utilization, and one-year survival. DESIGN AND MEASUREMENTS: The 390-sample size calculation was based on previous studies where 15% of inpatients fulfilled palliative care needs...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831248/hand-grip-strength-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-korea-an-analysis-in-knhanes-vi
#18
Su Hwan Lee, Soo Jung Kim, Yeji Han, Yon Ju Ryu, Jin Hwa Lee, Jung Hyun Chang
BACKGROUND: Muscle mass is known to be associated with mortality in elderly adults. Because hand grip strength (HGS) is known as a simple assessment tool for muscular strength, many researchers have studied the association between HGS and disease. However, empirical evidence for the relationship between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and HGS is still controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between COPD and HGS, using Korean population data. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional study...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826898/relation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-to-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-general-population
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Shinjeong Song, Pil-Sung Yang, Tae-Hoon Kim, Jae-Sun Uhm, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Boyoung Joung
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major health problem that contributes to substantial morbidity and mortality globally. This study investigated the relation between COPD and the risk of cardiovascular disease in the general population. We evaluated the cardiovascular effect of COPD using Korean National Health Insurance Service data from 2002 to 2013. We compared selected cardiovascular disease risk factors depending on pulmonary function using the Korean Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (KNHANES, n = 24,429) data...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758310/the-global-burden-of-respiratory-infections-in-indigenous-children-and-adults-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Thilini L Basnayake, Lucy C Morgan, Anne B Chang
This review article focuses on common lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in indigenous populations in both developed and developing countries, where data is available. Indigenous populations across the world share some commonalities including poorer health and socio-economic disadvantage compared with their non-indigenous counterparts. Generally, acute and chronic respiratory infections are more frequent and more severe in both indigenous children and adults, often resulting in substantial consequences including higher rates of bronchiectasis and poorer outcomes for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
November 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
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