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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919733/cycle-ergometer-and-inspiratory-muscle-training-offer-modest-benefit-compared-with-cycle-ergometer-alone-a-comprehensive-assessment-in-stable-copd-patients
#1
Kai Wang, Guang-Qiao Zeng, Rui Li, Yu-Wen Luo, Mei Wang, Yu-He Hu, Wen-Hui Xu, Lu-Qian Zhou, Rong-Chang Chen, Xin Chen
BACKGROUND: Cycle ergometer training (CET) has been shown to improve exercise performance of the quadriceps muscles in patients with COPD, and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) may improve the pressure-generating capacity of the inspiratory muscles. However, the effects of combined CET and IMT remain unclear and there is a lack of comprehensive assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one patients with COPD were randomly allocated to three groups: 28 received 8 weeks of CET + IMT (combined training group), 27 received 8 weeks of CET alone (CET group), and 26 only received 8 weeks of free walking (control group)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901331/raw-bia-variables-are-predictors-of-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
F de Blasio, M G Santaniello, F de Blasio, G Mazzarella, A Bianco, L Lionetti, F M E Franssen, L Scalfi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although loss of fat-free mass (FFM) and reduced muscle strength are highly prevalent in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), only few data are available on the relationships of handgrip strength (HGS) and respiratory muscle strength with body composition in such disease. In particular, we aimed to assess whether raw bioelectrical impedance (BIA) variables were independent predictors of muscle strength in COPD patients, possibly more significant than anthropometric variables and BIA-based estimates of FFM...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891198/targeted-medical-nutrition-for-cachexia-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Philip C Calder, Alessandro Laviano, Fredrik Lonnqvist, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Maria Öhlander, Annemie Schols
BACKGROUND: Cachectic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may benefit from nutritional support. This double-blind, randomized, controlled trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of targeted medical nutrition (TMN) vs. an isocaloric comparator in pre-cachectic and cachectic patients with COPD. METHODS: Patients aged ≥50 years with moderate-to-severe COPD and involuntary weight loss or low body mass index (16-18 kg/m(2) ) were randomized 1:1 to receive TMN (~230 kcal; 2 g omega-3 fatty acids; 10 μg 25-hydroxy-vitamin D3) or isocaloric comparator twice daily for 12 weeks (ClinicalTrials...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870405/gut-microbiota-dependent-trimethylamine-n-oxide-is-associated-with-long-term-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-with-exacerbated-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Manuel Ottiger, Manuela Nickler, Christian Steuer, Luca Bernasconi, Andreas Huber, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Christoph Henzen, Claus Hoess, Robert Thomann, Werner Zimmerli, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
OBJECTIVES: The gut, microflora-dependent metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) has emerged as a dietary-associated risk factor for incident cardiovascular events. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a prevalent disease worldwide with a high associated risk for cardiovascular disease and death due to an infectious cause. AIMS: To study whether TMAO is predictive for adverse clinical outcomes in patients with exacerbated COPD. METHODS: A total of 189 patients with COPD exacerbation were prospectively followed for a median of 6...
July 6, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846483/palliative-care-needs-in-an-acute-internal-medicine-ward-in-mexico
#5
Tania Zertuche-Maldonado, Rodrigo Tellez-Villarreal, Antonio Pascual, Salvador B Valdovinos-Chavez, Abel Jesus Barragan-Berlanga, Maria Teresa Sanchez-Avila, Leonardo Bracho-Vela, Adria Tinoco-Aranda, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND: Palliative care is an evolving but underdeveloped practice in Mexico. OBJECTIVE: The primary end point of this prospective observational study was to identify internal medicine inpatients fulfilling advanced criteria within a second-level hospital. Secondary end points were symptom burden, treatment, resource utilization, and one-year survival. DESIGN AND MEASUREMENTS: The 390-sample size calculation was based on previous studies where 15% of inpatients fulfilled palliative care needs...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831248/hand-grip-strength-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-korea-an-analysis-in-knhanes-vi
#6
Su Hwan Lee, Soo Jung Kim, Yeji Han, Yon Ju Ryu, Jin Hwa Lee, Jung Hyun Chang
BACKGROUND: Muscle mass is known to be associated with mortality in elderly adults. Because hand grip strength (HGS) is known as a simple assessment tool for muscular strength, many researchers have studied the association between HGS and disease. However, empirical evidence for the relationship between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and HGS is still controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between COPD and HGS, using Korean population data. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional study...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826898/relation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-to-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-general-population
#7
Shinjeong Song, Pil-Sung Yang, Tae-Hoon Kim, Jae-Sun Uhm, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Boyoung Joung
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major health problem that contributes to substantial morbidity and mortality globally. This study investigated the relation between COPD and the risk of cardiovascular disease in the general population. We evaluated the cardiovascular effect of COPD using Korean National Health Insurance Service data from 2002 to 2013. We compared selected cardiovascular disease risk factors depending on pulmonary function using the Korean Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (KNHANES, n = 24,429) data...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758310/the-global-burden-of-respiratory-infections-in-indigenous-children-and-adults-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Thilini L Basnayake, Lucy C Morgan, Anne B Chang
This review article focuses on common lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in indigenous populations in both developed and developing countries, where data is available. Indigenous populations across the world share some commonalities including poorer health and socio-economic disadvantage compared with their non-indigenous counterparts. Generally, acute and chronic respiratory infections are more frequent and more severe in both indigenous children and adults, often resulting in substantial consequences including higher rates of bronchiectasis and poorer outcomes for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
July 30, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747954/recent-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-korea
#9
REVIEW
Yong Il Hwang, Yong Bum Park, Kwang Ha Yoo
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) had been considered the only major disease that is continuing to increase in prevalence. There were a few studies about the change of the prevalence of COPD, which showed the prevalence of COPD did not increase. In this review, we report on the trends in the prevalence of COPD in Korea using the data from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). The prevalence of COPD in 2015 was 13.4% (male, 21.6%; female, 5.8%). The prevalence of COPD did not change much, which ranged from 13...
July 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740668/socioeconomic-impact-of-asthma-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-copd-overlap-syndrome
#10
Jinhee Kim, Young Sam Kim, Kyungjoo Kim, Yeon-Mok Oh, Kwang Ha Yoo, Chin Kook Rhee, Jin Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) is defined as having both features of asthma and COPD, which are airway hyper-responsiveness and incompletely reversible airway obstruction. However, socioeconomic impact of ACOS have not been well appreciated. METHODS: Adults with available wheezing history and acceptable spirometry were selected from the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV) in 2007-2009...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722028/fat-free-mass-depletion-in-patients-with-copd-in-brazil-development-of-a-new-cutoff-point-and-its-relation-with-mortality-and-extrapulmonary-manifestations
#11
A Travassos, A Rodrigues, K C Furlanetto, L Donária, G W Bisca, A G Nellessen, F Pitta, N A Hernandes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: None of the cutoff points for fat-free mass index (FFMI) were tested for the Brazilian population, and it is unknown whether the available ones are able to discriminate extrapulmonary disease manifestations. This cross-sectional study aims to develop and validate a cutoff point for FFM depletion based on Brazilian patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to verify its association and of previously published cutoffs with extrapulmonary manifestations...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701890/relationship-between-oxidative-stress-physical-activity-and-vitamin-intake-in-patients-with-asthma
#12
Akira Yamasaki, Yuji Kawasaki, Kenichi Takeda, Tomoya Harada, Yasuyuki Hasegawa, Takehito Fukushima, Ryota Okazaki, Haruhiko Makino, Yoshihiro Funaki, Yuriko Sueda, Akihiro Yamamoto, Jun Kurai, Masanari Watanabe, Eiji Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma. Antioxidant nutrition and supplementation have been used to reduce oxidative stress. However, a clinical trial with antioxidant supplementation showed no beneficial effects in patients with asthma. On the other hand, physical activity is related to the prognosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is also related to oxidant status. We investigated the relationships between oxidative stress, serum levels of vitamins, dietary vitamin intake, daily activities, and pulmonary functions in patients with asthma...
June 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660119/different-types-of-housing-and-respiratory-health-outcomes
#13
Wen Qi Gan, Wayne T Sanderson, Steven R Browning, David M Mannino
Evidence has shown that housing conditions may substantially influence the health of residents. Different types of housing have different structures and construction materials, which may affect indoor environment and housing conditions. This study aimed to investigate whether people living in different types of housing have different respiratory health outcomes. The data from the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used for the analyses. The types of housing included houses, townhouses, apartments, and mobile homes...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646836/biochemical-parameters-as-monitoring-markers-of-the-inflammatory-reaction-by-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#14
Petra Lenártová, Jana Kopčeková, Martina Gažarová, Jana Mrázová, Joanna Wyka
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an airway inflammatory disease caused by inhalation of toxic particles, mainly cigarette smoking, and now is accepted as a disease associated with systemic characteristics. Objective: The aim of this work was to investigate and compare selected biochemical parameters in patients with and without COPD. Material and Methods: Observation group consisted of clinically stable patients with COPD (n = 60)...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641831/two-components-of-the-new-espen-diagnostic-criteria-for-malnutrition-are-independent-predictors-of-lung-function-in-hospitalized-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#15
Arora Ros Ingadottir, Anne Marie Beck, Christine Baldwin, C Elizabeth Weekes, Olof Gudny Geirsdottir, Alfons Ramel, Thorarinn Gislason, Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir
INTRODUCTION: Low fat free mass index (FFMI) is a component of the ESPEN diagnosis criteria of malnutrition, that only when accompanied with weight loss is considered to be a determinant of malnutrition. Our aims were to assess the prevalence of malnutrition in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) applying the ESPEN criteria, and to examine the ability of different components of the criteria to predict COPD severity, length of stay (LOS), hospital readmissions within 30 days and mortality...
June 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608438/a-randomized-clinical-trial-investigating-the-efficacy-of-targeted-nutrition-as-adjunct-to-exercise-training-in-copd
#16
Coby van de Bool, Erica P A Rutten, Ardy van Helvoort, Frits M E Franssen, Emiel F M Wouters, Annemie M W J Schols
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the efficacy of nutritional supplementation to enhance exercise training responses in COPD patients with low muscle mass is limited. The objective was to study if nutritional supplementation targeting muscle derangements enhances outcome of exercise training in COPD patients with low muscle mass. METHODS: Eighty-one COPD patients with low muscle mass, admitted to out-patient pulmonary rehabilitation, randomly received oral nutritional supplementation, enriched with leucine, vitamin D, and omega-3 fatty acids (NUTRITION) or PLACEBO as adjunct to 4 months supervised high intensity exercise training...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579772/delayed-but-successful-response-to-noninvasive-ventilation-in-copd-patients-with-acute-hypercapnic-respiratory-failure
#17
Malcolm Lemyze, Quentin Bury, Aurélie Guiot, Marie Jonard, Usman Mohammad, Nicolas Van Grunderbeeck, Gaelle Gasan, Didier Thevenin, Jihad Mallat
BACKGROUND: We evaluated a new noninvasive ventilation (NIV) protocol that allows the pursuit of NIV in the case of persistent severe respiratory acidosis despite a first NIV challenge in COPD patients with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational multicentric pilot study was conducted in three tertiary hospitals over a 12-month study period. A total of 155 consecutive COPD patients who were admitted for AHRF and treated by NIV were enrolled...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530087/-the-association-between-obesity-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#18
Shahar Geva, Moria Yaakoby, Or Kalchiem-Dekel, Aya Talmor-Gozlan, Roi Westreich, Nimrod Maimon
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a preventable and treatable disease, with major respiratory and systemic expressions. Obesity is defined as a BMI>30 kg/ m2 and its prevalence has doubled in recent decades. The possible relationship of obesity to COPD, and its influence on respiratory pathophysiology, is considered a mystery. Studies show obesity to be a survival advantage among COPD patients, unlike in the general population, in which obesity correlates to decreased life expectancy...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489760/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-is-independently-associated-with-hypertension-in-men-a-survey-design-analysis-using-nationwide-survey-data
#19
Seon-Hye Kim, Ju-Hee Park, Jung-Kyu Lee, Eun Young Heo, Deog Kyeom Kim, Hee Soon Chung
Although studies have shown that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and hypertension are linked as comorbidities, it remains unclear whether COPD is independently associated with the risk of hypertension or is caused by common risk factors such as age and smoking. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between COPD and hypertension by using nationally representative data.This cross-sectional study analyzed data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V conducted during 2010 to 2012...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442900/identification-of-subtypes-in-subjects-with-mild-to-moderate-airflow-limitation-and-its-clinical-and-socioeconomic-implications
#20
Jin Hwa Lee, Chin Kook Rhee, Kyungjoo Kim, Jee-Ae Kim, Sang Hyun Kim, Kwang Ha Yoo, Woo Jin Kim, Yong Bum Park, Hye Yun Park, Ki-Suck Jung
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify subtypes in patients with mild-to-moderate airflow limitation and to appreciate their clinical and socioeconomic implications. METHODS: Subjects who were aged ≥20 years and had forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) ≥60% predicted and FEV1/forced vital capacity <0.7 were selected from the fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) in 2007-2012. The data were merged to the National Health Insurance reimbursement database during the same period...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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