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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161645/the-impact-of-domestic-violence-exposure-on-south-asian-children-in-the-united-states-perspectives-of-domestic-violence-agency-staff
#1
Maya I Ragavan, Tsion Fikre, Uma Millner, Megan Bair-Merritt
The South Asian community is the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States, and past research suggests that South Asian domestic violence (DV) survivors may require culturally-specific resources. Similarly, South Asian children in the US exposed to DV may have unique responses and needs, but this has not been explored to date. The objective of this study was to examine the specific needs of South Asian children exposed to DV from the vantage point of staff from South Asian DV agencies across the United States...
November 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161632/ambient-air-pollution-adipokines-and-glucose-homeostasis-the-framingham-heart-study
#2
Wenyuan Li, Kirsten S Dorans, Elissa H Wilker, Mary B Rice, Itai Kloog, Joel D Schwartz, Petros Koutrakis, Brent A Coull, Diane R Gold, James B Meigs, Caroline S Fox, Murray A Mittleman
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of proximity to major roadways, sustained exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5), and acute exposure to ambient air pollutants with adipokines and measures of glucose homeostasis among participants living in the northeastern United States. METHODS: We included 5958 participants from the Framingham Offspring cohort examination cycle 7 (1998-2001) and 8 (2005-2008) and Third Generation cohort examination cycle 1 (2002-2005) and 2 (2008-2011), who did not have type 2 diabetes at the time of examination visit...
November 18, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161532/the-role-of-paternity-acknowledgment-in-breastfeeding-noninitiation
#3
Jordyn T Wallenborn, Gregory J Chambers, Saba W Masho
BACKGROUND: In the United States, less than a quarter of mothers breastfeed in accordance with national recommendations. To date, researchers have demonstrated that paternal support directly influences breastfeeding outcomes; however, healthcare practitioners may not be able to quantify a lack of support in the immediate postpartum period. Research aim: The aim is to investigate the relationship between breastfeeding noninitiation and paternity acknowledgment, a factor that can be easily identified in the immediate postpartum period...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161529/developing-a-serious-videogame-for-preteens-to-motivate-hpv-vaccination-decision-making-land-of-secret-gardens
#4
Joan R Cates, Bernard F Fuemmeler, Sandra J Diehl, Laurie L Stockton, Jeannette Porter, Chioma Ihekweazu, Arshya S Gurbani, Tamera Coyne-Beasley
INTRODUCTION: Vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) is routinely recommended for ages 11-12, yet in 2016 only 49.5% of women and 37.5% of men had completed the three-dose series in the United States. Offering information and cues to action through a serious videogame for preteens may foster HPV vaccination awareness, information seeking, and communication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An iterative process was used to develop an interactive videogame, Land of Secret Gardens...
November 21, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161522/development-of-a-measure-to-assess-parent-perceptions-of-barriers-to-child-weight-management
#5
Katherine E Darling, Amy F Sato, Manfred van Dulmen, Christopher Flessner, Geoffrey Putt
BACKGROUND: Families face many barriers related to creating or maintaining a healthy lifestyle, which likely contributes to the prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States; however, no measure currently exists to examine these barriers. This study developed a quantitative measure of parents' perceptions of barriers to family healthy lifestyle. METHODS: Parents of children between the ages of 7-17 were recruited using Amazon Mturk (n = 812). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and preliminary convergent validity analyses were conducted...
November 21, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161415/letter-to-the-editor-harmonized-reference-ranges-for-circulating-testosterone-levels-in-men-of-four-cohort-studies-in-the-united-states-and-europe
#6
Xinguang Chen, Kai Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161314/conventional-and-technical-diving-surveys-reveal-elevated-biomass-and-differing-fish-community-composition-from-shallow-and-upper-mesophotic-zones-of-a-remote-united-states-coral-reef
#7
Roldan C Muñoz, Christine A Buckel, Paula E Whitfield, Shay Viehman, Randy Clark, J Christopher Taylor, Brian P Degan, Emma L Hickerson
The world's coral reefs appear to be in a global decline, yet most previous research on coral reefs has taken place at depths shallower than 30 m. Mesophotic coral ecosystem (depths deeper than ~30 m) studies have revealed extensive, productive habitats and rich communities. Despite recent advances, mesophotic coral ecosystems remain understudied due to challenges with sampling at deeper depths. The few previous studies of mesophotic coral ecosystems have shown variation across locations in depth-specific species composition and assemblage shifts, potentially a response to differences in habitat or light availability/water clarity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161255/neurogenic-mediators-contribute-to-local-edema-induced-by-micrurus-lemniscatus-venom
#8
Luciana Lyra Casais-E-Silva, Catarina Teixeira
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Micrurus is one of the four snake genera of medical importance in Brazil. Coral snakes have a broad geographic distribution from the southern United States to Argentina. Micrurine envenomation is characterized by neurotoxic symptoms leading to dyspnea and death. Moreover, various local manifestations, including edema formation, have been described in patients bitten by different species of Micrurus. Thus, we investigated the ability of Micrurus lemniscatus venom (MLV) to induce local edema...
November 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161210/index-use-of-smoflipid-in-a-tertiary-intestinal-rehabilitation-and-transplantation-program
#9
Kwai Lam, Thomas Schiano, Maria Isabel Fiel, Kishore Iyer
Long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) may be complicated by PN-associated liver disease (PNALD), and some studies suggest an association between the use of soy-based fat emulsions and PNALD development. Patients' liver function typically improves and PNALD resolves after reducing or stopping a soy-based fat emulsion, and thus lipid minimization has been the primary strategy for managing PNALD in many intestinal rehabilitation programs. However, fat emulsions often cannot be stopped entirely, leading some patients to develop PNALD even after lipid reduction strategies have been implemented...
November 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161198/a-systematic-review-of-factors-influencing-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-among-immigrant-parents-in-the-united-states
#10
Kyounghae Kim, Anna-Rae LeClaire
To critically appraise factors influencing human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among immigrant parents in the United States, a comprehensive search of electronic databases and reference lists was conducted. The findings from 22 articles were ordered based on a socio-ecological model. About 30% of children initiated and 14% completed a 3-dose series. Correlates of HPV vaccine initiation rates included lack of information, concerns about vaccine safety and promiscuity, providers' recommendations, school mandates, financial issues, immigration laws, and living in disadvantaged neighborhoods...
November 21, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161174/the-telescoping-phenomenon-origins-in-gender-bias-and-implications-for-contemporary-scientific-inquiry
#11
Katherine R Marks, Claire D Clark
BACKGROUND: In an article published in International Journal of the Addictions in 1989, Nick Piazza and his coauthors described "telescoping," an accelerated progression through "landmark symptoms" of alcoholism, among a sample of recovering women. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this critical analysis is to apply a feminist philosophy of science to examine the origins of the framework of telescoping research and its implications for contemporary scientific inquiry. METHODS: A feminist philosophy of science framework is outlined and applied to key source publications of telescoping literature drawn from international and United States-based peer-reviewed journals published beginning in 1952...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161072/sexual-assertiveness-skills-and-sexual-decision-making-in-adolescent-girls-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-online-program
#12
Laura Widman, Carol E Golin, Kristyn Kamke, Jeni L Burnette, Mitchell J Prinstein
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of an interactive, Web-based sexual health program (Health Education and Relationship Training [HEART]) for developing sexual assertiveness skills and enhancing sexual decision-making in adolescent girls. METHODS: Participants were 222 tenth-grade girls (mean age = 15.2; 38% White, 29% Hispanic, 25% Black) in the Southeastern United States who were randomized in fall 2015 to the HEART intervention or an attention-matched control...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161070/declines-in-anogenital-warts-among-age-groups-most-likely-to-be-impacted-by-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-united-states-2006-2014
#13
Elaine W Flagg, Elizabeth A Torrone
OBJECTIVES: To detect decreases in anogenital warts (AGW) among sex and age groups likely to be affected by human papillomavirus vaccination. METHODS: We estimated annual AGW prevalence during 2006 to 2014 using health care claims among US private health insurance enrollees aged 15 to 39 years. We derived AGW diagnoses using 1 of the following: (1) condylomata acuminata diagnosis, (2) viral wart diagnosis combined with a benign anogenital neoplasm diagnosis or destruction or excision of an anogenital lesion, or (3) AGW medication combined with a benign anogenital neoplasm diagnosis or destruction or excision of an anogenital lesion...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161069/characteristics-of-hiv-positive-transgender-men-receiving-medical-care-united-states-2009-2014
#14
Ansley Lemons, Linda Beer, Teresa Finlayson, Donna Hubbard McCree, Daniel Lentine, R Luke Shouse
OBJECTIVES: To present the first national estimate of the sociodemographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics of HIV-positive transgender men receiving medical care in the United States. METHODS: This analysis included pooled interview and medical record data from the 2009 to 2014 cycles of the Medical Monitoring Project, which used a 3-stage, probability-proportional-to-size sampling methodology. RESULTS: Transgender men accounted for 0...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161066/increasing-prescription-opioid-and-heroin-overdose-mortality-in-the-united-states-1999-2014-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#15
Xiwen Huang, Katherine M Keyes, Guohua Li
OBJECTIVES: To assess cohort effects in prescription opioid and heroin overdose mortality in the United States. METHODS: Using the National Center for Health Statistics' multiple-cause-of-death file for 1999 to 2014, we performed an age-period-cohort analysis of drug overdose mortality in the United States. RESULTS: Compared with those born in 1977 and 1978, individuals born between 1947 and 1964 experienced excess risks of prescription opioid overdose death (e...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161064/meeting-the-institute-of-medicine-s-2030-life-expectancy-target
#16
David Kindig, Jenna Nobles, Moheb Zidan
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the improvement in US life expectancy required to reach parity with high-resource nations by 2030, to document historical precedent of this rate, and to discuss the plausibility of achieving this rate in the United States. METHODS: We performed a demographic analysis of secondary data in 5-year periods from 1985 to 2015. RESULTS: To achieve the United Nations projected mortality estimates for Western Europe in 2030, the US life expectancy must grow at 0...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161058/trends-in-daily-cannabis-use-among-cigarette-smokers-united-states-2002-2014
#17
Renee D Goodwin, Lauren R Pacek, Jan Copeland, Scott J Moeller, Lisa Dierker, Andrea Weinberger, Misato Gbedemah, Michael J Zvolensky, Melanie M Wall, Deborah S Hasin
OBJECTIVES: To estimate changes in the prevalence of daily cannabis use among current, former, and never cigarette smokers from 2002 to 2014 in the United States. METHODS: The National Survey on Drug Use and Health is a nationally representative cross-sectional study conducted annually among persons aged 12 years and older in the United States. RESULTS: Daily cannabis use occurs nearly exclusively among nondaily and daily cigarette smokers compared with former and never smokers (8...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160979/patient-care-technicians-managing-hemodialysis-central-venous-catheter-care-pro-and-con
#18
Paul N Bennett, Gail Dewald
In the United States, the responsibilities and scope of practice of nephrology nurses and patient care technicians working in hemodialysis units vary from state to state. This occurs in relation to the care and management of central venous catheters (CVCs) used for hemodialysis. The aim of this article is to review the pros and cons of non-nursing staff performing the management and care of CVCs. The pros include decreasing nursing task time, allowing nurses to devote their time to other higher functioning roles, while the cons include lack of technician skill, education, and experience to perform CVC management and care...
September 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160966/emphasizing-the-value-of-nephrology-nursing-through-nursing-sensitive-indicators-a-call-for-action
#19
Charlotte Thomas-Hawkins, Carolyn E Latham, Debra J Hain
Nursing is the largest healthcare profession in the United States (U.S.). As principal frontline caregivers in the U.S. healthcare system, nurses have tremendous influence over a patient's healthcare experience. A growing body of evidence states that the nursing workforce has a direct impact on healthcare quality. A standardized approach to measuring nursing's contribution to patient care and safety using nursing-sensitive quality indicators assists in examining the extent to which nurses and nursing affect the quality and safety of health care...
July 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160964/examining-depression-in-patients-on-dialysis
#20
Allison A Treadwell
This study measured the prevalence of depression in 39 patients on hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis in two urban outpatient facilities in the southeastern United States. Additionally, it evaluated the number of patients who sought and scheduled a mental health evaluation after screening and education. The prevalence of mild to severely depressed individuals among participants in this study was 36%, affirming previous findings of depressive symptoms in the ESRD population. Results suggest that patients with ESRD are at a higher risk for depression than the general population...
July 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
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