keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

United states

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222459/elements-for-success-in-managing-type-2-diabetes-with-sglt-2-inhibitors-role-of-the-kidney-in-glucose-homeostasis-implications-for-sglt-2-inhibition-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Eden M Miller
The focus on the kidney as a therapeutic target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has led to the development of the sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors, of which 3 are available in the United States. This article addresses the implications for SGLT-2 inhibition in the treatment of T2DM.
February 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222117/two-dynamic-regimes-in-the-human-gut-microbiome
#2
Sean M Gibbons, Sean M Kearney, Chris S Smillie, Eric J Alm
The gut microbiome is a dynamic system that changes with host development, health, behavior, diet, and microbe-microbe interactions. Prior work on gut microbial time series has largely focused on autoregressive models (e.g. Lotka-Volterra). However, we show that most of the variance in microbial time series is non-autoregressive. In addition, we show how community state-clustering is flawed when it comes to characterizing within-host dynamics and that more continuous methods are required. Most organisms exhibited stable, mean-reverting behavior suggestive of fixed carrying capacities and abundant taxa were largely shared across individuals...
February 21, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222076/systematic-review-of-hospital-readmissions-among-patients-with-cancer-in-the-united-states
#3
Janice F Bell, Robin L Whitney, Sarah C Reed, Hermine Poghosyan, Rebecca S Lash, Katherine K Kim, Andra Davis, Richard J Bold, Jill G Joseph
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To review the existing literature on readmission rates, predictors, and reasons for readmission among adults with cancer.
. DATA SOURCES: U.S.-based empirical studies reporting readmission rates from January 2005 to December 2015 were identified using four online library databases-PubMed, CINAHL®, EconLit, and the online bibliography of the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Program. Some articles were identified by the authors outside the database and bibliography searches...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221988/prevalence-and-phylogenetic-characterization-of-escherichia-coli-and-hygiene-indicator-bacteria-isolated-from-leafy-green-produce-beef-and-pork-obtained-from-farmers-markets-in-pennsylvania
#4
Joshua A Scheinberg, Edward G Dudley, Jonathan Campbell, Beth Roberts, Michael DiMarzio, Chitrita DebRoy, Catherine N Cutter
The popularity of farmers' markets in the United States has led to over 8,400 farmers' markets being in operation in 2015. As farmers' markets have increased in size and complexity in the kinds of foods sold at these venues, so have the potential food safety risks. Since 2008, seven major foodborne illness outbreaks and two recalls associated with food products from farmers' markets have occurred, causing 80 known reported illnesses and one death. Various researchers also have observed vendors performing high-risk food safety retail behaviors, and others have identified microbiological hazards in foods sold at farmers' markets...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221978/quantitative-microbial-risk-assessment-for-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-in-fresh-cut-lettuce
#5
Hao Pang, Elisabetta Lambertini, Robert L Buchanan, Donald W Schaffner, Abani K Pradhan
Leafy green vegetables, including lettuce, are recognized as potential vehicles for foodborne pathogens such as Escherichia coli O157:H7. Fresh-cut lettuce is potentially at high risk of causing foodborne illnesses, as it is generally consumed without cooking. Quantitative microbial risk assessments (QMRAs) are gaining more attention as an effective tool to assess and control potential risks associated with foodborne pathogens. This study developed a QMRA model for E. coli O157:H7 in fresh-cut lettuce and evaluated the effects of different potential intervention strategies on the reduction of public health risks...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221967/assessment-of-risk-communication-about-undercooked-hamburgers-by-restaurant-servers
#6
Ellen M Thomas, Andrew R Binder, Anne McLAUGHLIN, Lee-Ann Jaykus, Dana Hanson, Douglas Powell, Benjamin Chapman
According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration 2013 Model Food Code, it is the duty of a food establishment to disclose and remind consumers of risk when ordering undercooked food such as ground beef. The purpose of this study was to explore actual risk communication behaviors of food establishment servers. Secret shoppers visited 265 restaurants in seven geographic locations across the United States, ordered medium rare burgers, and collected and coded risk information from chain and independent restaurant menus and from server responses...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221950/multistate-outbreak-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-infections-associated-with-consumption-of-fresh-spinach-united-states-2006
#7
Umid M Sharapov, Arthur M Wendel, Jeffrey P Davis, William E Keene, Jeffrey Farrar, Samir Sodha, Eija Hyytia-Trees, Molly Leeper, Peter Gerner-Smidt, Patricia M Griffin, Chris Braden
During September to October, 2006, state and local health departments and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention investigated a large, multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections. Case patients were interviewed regarding specific foods consumed and other possible exposures. E. coli O157:H7 strains isolated from human and food specimens were subtyped using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analyses (MLVA). Two hundred twenty-five cases (191 confirmed and 34 probable) were identified in 27 states; 116 (56%) case patients were hospitalized, 39 (19%) developed hemolytic uremic syndrome, and 5 (2%) died...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221949/growth-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-non-o157-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-and-salmonella-in-water-and-hydroponic-fertilizer-solutions
#8
Angela Shaw, Kara Helterbran, Michael R Evans, Christopher Currey
The desire for local, fresh produce year round is driving the growth of hydroponic growing systems in the United States. Many food crops, such as leafy greens and culinary herbs, grown within hydroponics systems have their root systems submerged in recirculating nutrient-dense fertilizer solutions from planting through harvest. If a foodborne pathogen were introduced into this water system, the risk of contamination to the entire crop would be high. Hence, this study was designed to determine whether Escherichia coli O157:H7, non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221948/a-state-by-state-assessment-of-food-service-regulations-for-prevention-of-norovirus-outbreaks
#9
Anita Kambhampati, Kayoko Shioda, L Hannah Gould, Donald Sharp, Laura G Brown, Umesh D Parashar, Aron J Hall
Noroviruses are the leading cause of foodborne disease in the United States. Foodborne transmission of norovirus is often associated with contamination of food during preparation by an infected food worker. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Food Code provides model food safety regulations for preventing transmission of foodborne disease in restaurants; however, adoption of specific provisions is at the discretion of state and local governments. We analyzed the food service regulations of all 50 states and the District of Columbia (i...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221926/evaluation-of-selected-nutrients-and-contaminants-in-distillers-grains-from-ethanol-production-in-texas
#10
Kyung-Min Lee, Timothy J Herrman, Lynn Post
This article contains the results of the evaluation of distillers grain (DG) coproducts from different ethanol plants around the United States and supplemented in animal diets in Texas, based on samples analyzed from 2008 to 2014. The samples were assessed for concentration, occurrence, and prevalence of selected nutrients and contaminants. Protein and sulfur contents of DG were largely different between maize and sorghum coproducts, as well as wet distillers grain with solubles (WDGS) and dried distillers grain with solubles (DDGS), indicating a significant effect of grain feedstock and dry grind process stream on DG composition and quality...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221923/matrix-specific-method-validation-of-an-automated-most-probable-number-system-for-use-in-measuring-bacteriological-quality-of-grade-a-milk-products
#11
Samantha Lindemann, Matthew Kmet, Ravinder Reddy, Steffen Uhlig
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) oversees a long-standing cooperative federal and state milk sanitation program that uses the grade "A" Pasteurized Milk Ordinance standards to maintain the safety of grade "A" milk sold in the United States. The Pasteurized Milk Ordinance requires that grade "A" milk samples be tested using validated total aerobic bacterial and coliform count methods. The objective of this project was to conduct an interlaboratory method validation study to compare performance of a film plate method with an automated most-probable-number method for total aerobic bacterial and coliform counts, using statistical approaches from international data standards...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221921/national-survey-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-serotypes-o26-o45-o103-o111-o121-o145-and-o157-in-australian-beef-cattle-feces
#12
Glen E Mellor, Narelle Fegan, Lesley L Duffy, Kate E McMILLAN, David Jordan, Robert S Barlow
Escherichia coli O157 and six non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) serotypes (O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145, colloquially referred to as the "big 6") have been classified as adulterants of raw nonintact beef products in the United States. While beef cattle are a known reservoir for the prototype STEC serotype, E. coli O157, less is known about the dissemination of non-O157 STEC serotypes in Australian cattle. In the present study, 1,500 fecal samples were collected at slaughter from adult (n =628) and young (n =286) beef cattle, adult (n =128) and young (n =143) dairy cattle, and veal calves (n = 315) across 31 Australian export-registered processing establishments...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221908/content-analysis-of-vomit-and-diarrhea-cleanup-procedures-to-prevent-norovirus-infections-in-retail-and-food-service-operations
#13
Morgan G Chao, Anne-Julie Dubé, Cortney M Leone, Christina M Moore, Angela M Fraser
Human noroviruses are the leading cause of foodborne disease in the United States, sickening 19 to 21 million Americans each year. Vomit and diarrhea are both highly concentrated sources of norovirus particles. For this reason, establishing appropriate cleanup procedures for these two substances is critical. Food service establishments in states that have adopted the 2009 or 2013 U.S. Food and Drug Administration Food Code are required to have a program detailing specific cleanup procedures. The aim of our study was to determine the alignment of existing vomit and diarrhea cleanup procedures with the 11 elements recommended in Annex 3 of the 2011 Supplement to the 2009 Food Code and to determine their readability and clarity of presentation...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221907/salmonella-presence-in-mandibular-mesenteric-and-subiliac-lymph-nodes-collected-from-sheep-and-goats-in-the-united-states
#14
Keelyn E Hanlon, Markus F Miller, Lacey M Guillen, Mindy M Brashears
Even though often underappreciated in the United States, meat derived from goats and lambs is a valuable global commodity. Although extensive studies have been conducted examining pathogen prevalence in beef, pork, and poultry species, less research is available about pathogen presence in small ruminants. Understanding the presence of Salmonella in small ruminants can influence processing method improvements for these species to minimize food safety risks. The objective of this study was to establish the Salmonella presence in lymph nodes from sheep (n = 311) and goats (n =357) in the United States...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221903/prevalence-and-level-of-listeria-monocytogenes-in-ice-cream-linked-to-a-listeriosis-outbreak-in-the-united-states
#15
Y I Chen, Laurel S Burall, Dumitru Macarisin, Régis Pouillot, Errol Strain, Antonio J DE Jesus, Anna Laasri, Hua Wang, Laila Ali, Aparna Tatavarthy, Guodong Zhang, Lijun Hu, James Day, Jihun Kang, Surasri Sahu, Devayani Srinivasan, Karl Klontz, Mickey Parish, Peter S Evans, Eric W Brown, Thomas S Hammack, Donald L Zink, Atin R Datta
A most-probable-number (MPN) method was used to enumerate Listeria monocytogenes in 2,320 commercial ice cream scoops manufactured on a production line that was implicated in a 2015 listeriosis outbreak in the United States. The analyzed samples were collected from seven lots produced in November 2014, December 2014, January 2015, and March 2015. L. monocytogenes was detected in 99% (2,307 of 2,320) of the tested samples (lower limit of detection, 0.03 MPN/g), 92% of which were contaminated at <20 MPN/g...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221898/foodborne-disease-outbreaks-associated-with-organic-foods-in-the-united-states
#16
R Reid Harvey, Christine M Zakhour, L Hannah Gould
Consumer demand for organically produced foods is increasing in the United States as well as globally. Consumer perception often credits organic foods as being safer than conventionally produced foods, although organic standards do not directly address safety issues such as microbial or chemical hazards. We reviewed outbreaks reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System where the implicated food was reported to be organic. Information collected for each outbreak included the year, state, number of illnesses, pathogen, and implicated food...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221878/prediction-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-salmonella-and-listeria-monocytogenes-growth-in-leafy-greens-without-temperature-control
#17
Abhinav Mishra, Miao Guo, Robert L Buchanan, Donald W Schaffner, Abani K Pradhan
A recent study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that between 1998 and 2008, leafy greens outbreaks accounted for 22.3% of foodborne outbreaks in the United States. Several studies on the growth of bacteria at different temperatures have been conducted; however, there is a need for the prediction of bacterial growth when leafy greens are transported without temperature control. Food products, when taken out of refrigeration, undergo a temperature change, with the rate of temperature change being proportional to the difference in the temperature of food and its surroundings...
January 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221843/campylobacter-spp-prevalence-and-levels-in-raw-milk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
T Christidis, K D M Pintar, A J Butler, A Nesbitt, M K Thomas, B Marshall, F Pollari
Campylobacteriosis is the leading bacterial gastrointestinal disease internationally, contributing significantly to the enteric illness burden. Cases have been associated with the consumption of raw milk, a behavior that has garnered attention recently. Estimates of the prevalence and levels of Campylobacter spp. in raw milk are lacking, which hinders risk assessment attempts. This article is a systematic review and meta-analysis of reported prevalence and levels of zoonotic Campylobacter spp. in the raw milk of cows, goats, and sheep in Canada, the United States, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand...
October 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221822/clinical-characteristics-and-spatial-distribution-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-children-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-an-emerging-focus-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-brazil
#19
Patricia Rodrigues Naufal Spir, Luiz Euribel Prestes-Carneiro, Elivelton Silva Fonseca, Aline Dayse, Rogério Giuffrida, Lourdes Aparecida Zampieri D'Andrea
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an emerging zoonosis, and Brazil harbors about 90% of those infected in Latin America. Since 1998, the disease has been spreading quickly in São Paulo state, and the western region is considered an emerging focus of VL in Brazil. Our aim was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and spatial distribution of VL in children referred to a public tertiary hospital located in the western region of São Paulo state, Brazil. METHODS: Medical records of children up to 18 years of age who were diagnosed with VL between January 2006 and December 2010 were reviewed...
February 21, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221815/soliciting-and-responding-to-patients-questions-about-diabetes-through-online-sources
#20
Colleen E Crangle, Colin Bradley, Paul F Carlin, Robert J Esterhay, Roy Harper, Patricia M Kearney, Kate Lorig, Vera J C McCarthy, Michael F McTear, Mark S Tuttle, Jonathan G Wallace, Eileen Savage
When patients cannot get answers from health professionals or retain the information given, increasingly they search online for answers, with limited success. Researchers from the United States, Ireland, and the United Kingdom explored this problem for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In 2014, patients attending an outpatient clinic (UK) were asked to submit questions about diabetes. Ten questions judged representative of different types of patient concerns were selected by the researchers and submitted to search engines within trusted and vetted websites in the United States, Ireland, and the United Kingdom...
February 16, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
keyword
keyword
110127
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"