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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508234/surgical-treatment-of-extraesophageal-manifestations-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#1
REVIEW
Feroze Sidwa, Alessandra L Moore, Elaine Alligood, P Marco Fisichella
OBJECTIVE: To review the current literature on the role of antireflux surgery (ARS) for the treatment of extraesophageal manifestations of GERD. The extraesophageal manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) include chronic cough, laryngopharyngeal reflux, and asthma. They are responsible for significant morbidity in affected patients and a high economic burden on healthcare resources. We recently published a larger review on the symptoms, diagnosis, medical, and surgical treatment of the extraesophageal manifestations of GERD...
May 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500979/ultra-sensitive-and-selective-quantification-of-endothelin-1-in-human-plasma-using-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#2
Yosuke Suzuki, Lukas Witt, Walter Mier, Gerd Mikus, Christoph Markert, Walter E Haefeli, Jürgen Burhenne
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent endogenous vasoconstrictor peptide and the plasma concentrations are commonly quantified by immunoassays such as enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assays (ELISA) with the disadvantage of possible cross-reactivity with closely related endothelin derivatives. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an ultra-sensitive and selective assay for the quantification of ET-1 in human plasma, using ultra-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) after solid phase extraction...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467373/the-impact-of-the-low-molecular-weight-heparin-tinzaparin-on-the-sensitization-of-cisplatin-resistant-ovarian-cancers-preclinical-in-vivo-evaluation-in-xenograft-tumor-models
#3
Thomas Mueller, Daniel Bastian Pfankuchen, Kathleen Wantoch von Rekowski, Martin Schlesinger, Franziska Reipsch, Gerd Bendas
Resistance formation of tumors against chemotherapeutics is the major obstacle in clinical cancer therapy. Although low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) is an important component in oncology referring to guideline-based antithrombotic prophylaxis of tumor patients, a potential interference of LMWH with chemoresistance is unknown. We have recently shown that LMWH reverses the cisplatin resistance of A2780cis human ovarian cancer cells in vitro. Here we address the question whether this LMWH effect is also valid under in vivo conditions...
May 3, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462903/long-term-outcomes-after-tavi-in-patients-with-different-types-of-aortic-stenosis-the-conundrum-of-low-flow-low-gradient-and-low-ejection-fraction
#4
Miriam Puls, Kerstin Pia Korte, Annalen Bleckmann, Mark Huenlich, Bernhard C Danner, Friedrich Schoendube, Gerd Hasenfuß, Claudius Jacobshagen, Wolfgang Schillinger
AIMS: We examined the impact of guidelines-defined subtypes of severe aortic stenosis (AS) on long-term outcomes after TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: 400 consecutive patients who underwent TAVI (203 transapical, 197 transfemoral) at our institution 8/2008-3/2013 were followed systematically (up to 7 years). 147 individuals suffered from NEF-HG AS (LV-EF ≥50%, high Pmean ≥40mmHg), 63 from LEF-HG AS (LV-EF <50%, high gradient), 77 from PLF-LG AS (LV-EF ≥50%, low gradient, stroke volume index (SVI) <35 ml/m²), and 81 from LEF-LG AS (LV-EF <50%, low gradient)...
May 2, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431003/intracoronary-autologous-bone-marrow-cell-transfer-after-myocardial-infarction-the-boost-2-randomised-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Kai C Wollert, Gerd P Meyer, Jochen Müller-Ehmsen, Carsten Tschöpe, Vernon Bonarjee, Alf Inge Larsen, Andreas E May, Klaus Empen, Emmanuel Chorianopoulos, Ulrich Tebbe, Johannes Waltenberger, Heiko Mahrholdt, Benedikta Ritter, Jens Pirr, Dieter Fischer, Mortimer Korf-Klingebiel, Lubomir Arseniev, Hans-Gert Heuft, Jan E Brinchmann, Diethelm Messinger, Bernd Hertenstein, Arnold Ganser, Hugo A Katus, Stephan B Felix, Meinrad P Gawaz, Kenneth Dickstein, Heinz-Peter Schultheiss, Dennis Ladage, Simon Greulich, Johann Bauersachs
Aims: Intracoronary infusion of autologous nucleated bone marrow cells (BMCs) enhanced the recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the randomised-controlled, open-label BOOST trial. We reassessed the therapeutic potential of nucleated BMCs in the randomised placebo-controlled, double-blind BOOST-2 trial conducted in 10 centres in Germany and Norway. Methods and results: Using a multiple arm design, we investigated the dose-response relationship and explored whether γ-irradiation which eliminates the clonogenic potential of stem and progenitor cells has an impact on BMC efficacy...
April 19, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401348/ultrapulsed-fractional-ablative-carbon-dioxide-laser-treatment-of-hypertrophic-burn-scars-evaluation-of-an-in-patient-controlled-standardized-treatment-approach
#6
Julian Poetschke, Ulf Dornseifer, Matteo Tretti Clementoni, Markus Reinholz, Hannah Schwaiger, Stephanie Steckmeier, Thomas Ruzicka, Gerd G Gauglitz
In this study, we aimed to quantify the effects of fractional ablative carbon dioxide laser therapy in the treatment of widespread hypertrophic burn scars. While many different pilot studies have described the potential of the technology and expert groups and current guidelines, alike, recommend its use, the level of evidence for the efficacy of fractional CO2-laser treatment for burn scars is currently very low. Ten patients (three male, seven female) with hypertrophic burn scars were treated with a single course of fractional CO2-laser therapy in an in-patient controlled setup, using a standardized treatment paradigm...
April 12, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367796/contact-investigation-after-a-fatal-case-of-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-xdr-tb-in-an-aircraft-germany-july-2013
#7
Maria An der Heiden, Barbara Hauer, Lena Fiebig, Gisela Glaser-Paschke, Markus Stemmler, Claudia Simon, Sabine Rüsch-Gerdes, Andreas Gilsdorf, Walter Haas
In July 2013, a passenger died of infectious extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) on board of an aircraft after a 3-hour flight from Turkey to Germany. Initial information indicated the patient had moved about the aircraft coughing blood. We thus aimed to contact and inform all persons exposed within the aircraft and to test them for newly acquired TB infection. Two-stage testing within 8 weeks from exposure and at least 8 weeks after exposure was suggested, using either interferon gamma release assays (IGRAs) or tuberculin skin test (TST)...
March 23, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328160/co-morbidities-in-severe-asthma-clinical-impact-and-management
#8
REVIEW
Celeste Porsbjerg, Andrew Menzies-Gow
Patients with severe asthma represent a minority of the total asthma population, but carry a majority of the morbidity and healthcare costs. Achieving better asthma control in this group of patients is therefore of key importance. Systematic assessment of patients with possible severe asthma to identify treatment barriers and triggers of asthma symptoms, including co-morbidities, improves asthma control and reduces healthcare costs and is recommended by international guidelines on management of severe asthma...
March 22, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316794/periodontitis-as-a-possible-early-sign-of-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Wijnand J Teeuw, Madeline X F Kosho, Dennis C W Poland, Victor E A Gerdes, Bruno G Loos
OBJECTIVE: The early diagnosis of (pre)diabetes mellitus is essential for the prevention of diabetes complications. It has been suggested that gum disease (periodontitis) might be an early complication of diabetes and may be a useful risk indicator for diabetes screening. Therefore, a dental office could be a good location for screening for (pre)diabetes in patients with periodontitis using a validated glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) dry spot analysis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 313 individuals from a university dental clinic participated...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296237/inpatient-treatment-of-patients-with-acute-idiopathic-peripheral-facial-palsy-a-population-based-healthcare-research-study
#10
K Plumbaum, G F Volk, D Boeger, J Buentzel, D Esser, A Steinbrecher, K Hoffmann, P Jecker, A Mueller, G Radtke, O W Witte, O Guntinas-Lichius
OBJECTIVES: To determine the inpatient management for patients with acute idiopathic facial palsy (IFP) in Thuringia, Germany. DESIGN: Population-based study. SETTING: All inpatients with IFP in all hospitals with departments of otolaryngology and neurology in 2012, in the German federal state, Thuringia. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients' characteristics and treatment were compared between departments, and the probability of recovery was tested...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275309/esophagogastric-junction-distensibility-assessed-using-the-functional-lumen-imaging-probe
#11
Joan W Chen, Joel H Rubenstein
AIM: To assess reference values in the literature for esophageal distensibility and cross-sectional area in healthy and diseased subjects measured by the functional lumen imaging probe (FLIP). METHODS: Systematic search and review of articles in Medline and Embase pertaining to the use of FLIP in the esophagus was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Cross-sectional area and distensibility at the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) were abstracted for normal subjects, achalasia, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients, stratified by balloon length and volume of inflation...
February 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260352/extra-esophageal-presentation-of-gerd-new-understanding-in-a-new-era
#12
Irene Martinucci, Eleonora Albano, Santino Marchi, Corrado Blandizzi
Associations of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with extraesophageal manifestations, such as chronic cough, asthma, and laryngitis, are reported frequently, and there is a strong evidence of biological plausibility in support of this relationship. On the other hand, extraesophageal reflux disease (EERD) is usually multifactorial in nature with reflux being just one of the several potential contributing cofactors. Moreover, the accuracy of currently available diagnostic tests for EERD is suboptimal, and therefore the causal relationship between GERD and EERD remains far from being conclusively proven...
March 3, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247277/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-clinical-practice
#13
REVIEW
Yasuhiko Abe, Yu Sasaki, Makoto Yagi, Takao Yaoita, Shoichi Nishise, Yoshiyuki Ueno
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic and abnormal Th2 type immunological response characterized by intense eosinophilic inflammation localized within the esophagus. This leads to esophageal dysfunction and remodeling accompanied by subepithelial fibrosis. Recently, EoE has been recognized as one of the major causes of dysphagia or food impaction in adults. The prevalence of EoE has been increasing over the past several decades, particularly in Western countries. EoE should be differentiated from secondary esophageal eosinophilia (EE) in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and eosinophilic gastroenteritis, involving the entire gastrointestinal tract...
April 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216964/intraepithelial-lymphocytes-scores-mimickers-and-challenges-in-diagnosing-gluten-sensitive-enteropathy-celiac-disease
#14
REVIEW
Consolato Sergi, Fan Shen, Gerd Bouma
The upper digestive tract is routinely scoped for several causes of malabsorption, and the number of duodenal biopsy specimens has increased notably in the last 10 years. Gluten-sensitive enteropathy (GSE) is an autoimmune disease, which shows an increasing prevalence worldwide and requires a joint clinico-pathological approach. The classical histopathology of GSE with partial or total villous blunting is well recognized, but the classification of GSE is not straightforward. Moreover, several mimickers of GSE with intraepithelial lymphocytosis have been identified in the last 20 years, with drug interactions and medical comorbidities adding to the conundrum...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956542/myeloproliferative-neoplasms-version-2-2017-nccn-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-oncology
#15
Ruben Mesa, Catriona Jamieson, Ravi Bhatia, Michael W Deininger, Aaron T Gerds, Ivana Gojo, Jason Gotlib, Krishna Gundabolu, Gabriela Hobbs, Rebecca B Klisovic, Patricia Kropf, Sanjay R Mohan, Stephen Oh, Eric Padron, Nikolai Podoltsev, Daniel A Pollyea, Raajit Rampal, Lindsay A M Rein, Bart Scott, David S Snyder, Brady L Stein, Srdan Verstovsek, Martha Wadleigh, Eunice S Wang, Mary Anne Bergman, Kristina M Gregory, Hema Sundar
Myelofibrosis (MF), polycythemia vera (PV), and essential thrombocythemia (ET) are a group of heterogeneous disorders of the hematopoietic system collectively known as Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). The diagnosis and the management of patients with MPNs have evolved since the identification of mutations that activate the JAK pathway (JAK2, CALR, and MPL mutations) and the development of targeted therapies has resulted in significant improvements in disease-related symptoms and quality of life...
December 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915343/intravitreal-dexamethasone-implant-for-the-treatment-of-postoperative-macular-edema
#16
André Klamann, Katharina Böttcher, Philipp Ackermann, Gerd Geerling, Marc Schargus, Rainer Guthoff
INTRODUCTION: Macular edema after cataract surgery (Irvine-Gass syndrome) or pars plana vitrectomy is a postoperative complication which can lead to permanent visual loss. Increased inflammatory substances, such as prostaglandins and cytokines, are discussed to be causative. Currently, there are no evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of postoperative macular edema. Intravitreal dexamethasone (DEX) could be effective by its anti-inflammatory effect. We examined the functional and morphological results of treatment with 0...
2016: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874941/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-are-we-acting-in-the-best-interest-of-our-patients
#17
G D Tebala
Oesophageal adenocarcinoma is strictly related to gastroesophageal reflux and cylindrical metaplasia of the epithelium of the distal esophagus (Barrett's esophagus) due to chronic inflammation. Worldwide incidence of oesophageal adenocarcinoma is rising despite the availability of precise international guidelines for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease and the increasing use of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs). While PPIs can control GERD symptoms in a significant amount of cases, still a large number of patients progress to Barrett's esophagus and adenocarcinoma...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869901/-2015-esc-guidelines-for-the-management-of-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-patients-presenting-without-persistent-st-segment-elevation-task-force-for-the-management-of-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-patients-presenting-without-persistent-st-segment-elevation-of-the
#18
Marco Roffi, Carlo Patrono, Jean-Philippe Collet, Christian Mueller, Marco Valgimigli, Felicita Andreotti, Jeroen J Bax, Michael A Borger, Carlos Brotons, Derek P Chew, Baris Gencer, Gerd Hasenfuss, Keld Kjeldsen, Patrizio Lancellotti, Ulf Landmesser, Julinda Mehilli, Debabrata Mukherjee, Robert F Storey, Stephan Windecker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865877/cough-in-the-athlete-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#19
REVIEW
Louis-Philippe Boulet, Julie Turmel, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Cough is a common symptom experienced by athletes, particularly after exercise. We performed a systematic review to assess the following in this population: (1) the main causes of acute and recurrent cough, either exercise-induced or not, (2) how cough is assessed, and (3) how cough is treated in this population. From the systematic review, suggestions for management were developed. METHODS: This review was performed according to the CHEST methodological guidelines and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation framework until April 2015...
February 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863363/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-twelve-european-countries-results-of-the-european-cardiac-rehabilitation-registry
#20
Werner Benzer, Bernhard Rauch, Jean-Paul Schmid, Ann Dorthe Zwisler, Paul Dendale, Constantinos H Davos, Evangelia Koudi, Attila Simon, Ana Abreu, Nana Pogosova, Dan Gaita, Bojan Miletic, Gerd Bönner, Taoufik Ouarrak, Hannah McGee
AIM: Results from EuroCaReD study should serve as a benchmark to improve guideline adherence and treatment quality of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 2.054 CR patients in 12 European countries were derived from 69 centres. 76% were male. Indication for CR differed between countries being predominantly ACS in Switzerland (79%), Portugal (62%) and Germany (61%), elective PCI in Greece (37%), Austria (36%) and Spain (32%), and CABG in Croatia and Russia (36%)...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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