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Pelvic dysfunction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160004/urological-dysfunction-in-young-women-an-inheritance-of-childhood
#1
Elisabetta Costantini, Ester Illiano, Konstantinos Giannitsas, Marco Prestipino, Antonio Luigi Pastore, Antonio Carbone, Giovanni Palleschi, Raffaele Balsamo, Franca Natale, Donata Villari, Vittorio Bini, Serena Maruccia, Maria-Teresa Filocamo, Alessandro Zucchi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of a history of lower urinary tract symptomatology during childhood to lower urinary tract dysfunction in young adult women. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a multicenter, prospective, case-control study conducted from April 2013 to November 2015. The trial was registered in ClinicalTrials. gov (NCT02185287). Three-hundred women, 18 to 40 years old, participated. Cases were women attending urogynecology clinics for various lower urinary tract complaints and controls were recruited from a healthy population...
November 21, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157931/alternatives-to-hysterectomy-the-burden-of-fibroids-and-the-quality-of-life
#2
REVIEW
Chelsea Fortin, Rebecca Flyckt, Tommaso Falcone
Uterine fibroids are the most common benign tumor in reproductive-aged women. While the majority of women are asymptomatic, those with symptoms may suffer from abnormal uterine bleeding, infertility, pelvic pain or pressure, and urinary dysfunction. Fibroids represent a significant healthcare burden for women and society as a whole. Women with fibroids have compromised overall quality of life and impairment in many specific domains including work productivity, sexuality, self-image, relationships, and social emotional and physical well-being...
October 20, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157875/prostatic-calculi-do-they-matter
#3
REVIEW
Jun-Jie Cao, Wei Huang, Hong-Shen Wu, Min Cao, Yan Zhang, Xiao-Dong Jin
INTRODUCTION: Prostatic calculi (PC) are frequently detected at computed tomography or ultrasound in men attending the health center or the urology outpatient department. PC have attracted more attention from urologists, but the clinical significance of PC is unknown. AIM: To review the available literature on the effects of PC on prostatic diseases and sexual function in men. METHODS: Relevant clinical trials were identified by searching the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases...
November 17, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146678/cross-organ-sensitisation-between-the-colon-and-bladder-to-pee-or-not-to-pee
#4
Luke Grundy, Stuart M Brierley
Chronic abdominal and pelvic pain are common, debilitating clinical conditions experienced by millions of patients around the globe. The origin of such pain commonly arises from the intestine and bladder, which share common primary roles; the collection, storage and expulsion of waste. These visceral organs are located in close proximity to one another, and also share common innervation from spinal afferent pathways. Chronic abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhoea are primary symptoms for patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) or Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144908/re-prevalence-of-sexual-dysfunction-in-men-with-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#5
Edward M Schaeffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140160/clinical-measures-and-their-contribution-to-dysfunction-in-individuals-with-patellar-tendinopathy
#6
Hyunjae Jeon, Melanie L McGrath, Neal Grandgenett, Adam B Rosen
CONTEXT: Patellar tendinopathy is prevalent in physically active populations and it affects their quality of living, performance of activity, and may contribute to the early cessation of their athletic careers. A number of previous studies have identified contributing factors for patellar tendinopathy however their contributions to self-reported dysfunction remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to determine if strength, flexibility, and various lower extremity static alignments contributed to self-reported function and influence the severity of patellar tendinopathy...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130653/-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-posterior-distal-injury-of-pelvic-fracture
#7
REVIEW
Zhen Tan, Guang-Lin Wang
Pelvic fracture is one of the common diseases of traumatic orthopedics. With the increase of accidents such as traffic accidents,high craters and crush injuries in China,the incidence of pelvic fractures is also increasing year by year. Since pelvic bones and the ligament structure are close to neurovascular,cavity organs and the urogenital structure,early diagnosis and treatment of pelvic fractures is essential for preventing early complications and late sequelae. The treatment of pelvic ring injury has been the focus of pelvic fracture treatment,which determines the outcome of treatment...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128440/mccall-culdoplasty-during-total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Sara R Till, Kumari A Hobbs, Janelle K Moulder, John F Steege, Matthew T Siedhoff
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and safety of a McCall culdoplasty at time of total laparoscopic hysterectomy and to evaluate differences in total vaginal length, vaginal apex during valsalva, and sexual function 12 months after McCall culdoplasty compared to standard cuff closure. DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled, single masked trial (Canadian Task Force classification I) SETTING: Academic tertiary care hospital PATIENTS: Women undergoing total laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign indications from June 2013 to December 2013...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117653/effect-of-delivery-and-episiotomy-on-the-emergence-of-urinary-incontinence-in-women-review-of-literature
#9
Krešimir Živković, Nikica Živković, Tomislav Župić, Damir Hodžić, Vjekoslav Mandić, Slavko Orešković
Episiotomy is obstetric procedure during which the incision extends the vestibule of the vagina during the second stage of labor. Episiotomy was extensively spread with gradual increase of rates in the first half of the 20th century and was performed medio-laterally in all nulliparous women with the idea to protect fetal head from trauma and pelvic floor from injuries. However, reports claiming that episiotomy had no such benefits were published. It was shown that routine medio-lateral episiotomy did not protect against the appearance of urinary incontinence after vaginal delivery, while the risk of anal incontinence could be increased...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111860/identification-of-the-gender-specific-health-needs-of-women-following-lung-transplantation
#10
Emily E Robertson, Robin J Bell, Penelope J Robinson, Greg Snell, Bronwyn Levvey, Helen M Whitford, Jane Harris, Susan R Davis
BACKGROUND: Little is known of the prevalence and severity of menstrual dysfunction, climacteric symptoms, pelvic floor disorders, sexual problems, and psychological wellbeing after lung transplantation in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult female lung transplant recipients, attending the Alfred Hospital Lung Transplant Service in Melbourne, Australia participated in a women's health, cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. RESULTS: The 123 of 149 potential participants were recruited between September 2014 and July 2015...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111381/baseline-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patients-enrolled-in-the-symptoms-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-research-network-lurn-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#11
Anne P Cameron, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp, Abigail R Smith, Brian T Helfand, John L Gore, J Quentin Clemens, Claire C Yang, Nazema Y Siddiqui, H Henry Lai, James W Griffith, Victor P Andreev, Gang Liu, Kevin Weinfurt, Cindy L Amundsen, Catherine S Bradley, John W Kusek, Ziya Kirkali
PURPOSE: To describe and compare the frequency and type of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) reported by men and women at the time they were recruited from urology and urogynecology clinics into the Symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Research Network (LURN) multi-center, prospective, observational cohort study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six research sites enrolled treatment-seeking men and women who reported any LUTS at a frequency more than "rarely" during the past month on the LUTS tool...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110805/a-population-based-epidemiologic-study-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-risk-in-mainland-china-prevalence-and-predictors
#12
Chunni Zhang, Jiali Tong, Lan Zhu, Lei Zhang, Tao Xu, Jinghe Lang, Yu Xie
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic data on female sexual dysfunction in China are sparse. AIM: To assess the prevalence of risk of female sexual dysfunction in mainland China and its regional and sociodemographic variations and physiologic, pathologic, and behavioral risk factors. METHODS: A survey of the general female population was conducted in mainland China from February 2014 through January 2016. Women were randomly selected using multistage, stratified, cluster sampling...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110729/penile-metastasis-from-rectal-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report
#13
Boubacar Efared, Gabrielle Atsame Ebang, Soufiane Tahirou, Layla Tahiri, Ibrahim Sory Sidibé, Fatimazahra Erregad, Aboubakry Sow, Nawal Hammas, Moulay H Farih, Laila Chbani, Hinde El Fatemi
BACKGROUND: Despite its rich vasculature, the penis is rarely involved by metastasis. Since the first description of penile metastasis in 1870, fewer than 500 cases have been reported in the literature. The pelvic organs are the main source of primary tumors that metastasize to the penis. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 46-year-old Arabic man who presented with erectile dysfunction and painful induration of the penile root. Eight months ago, he had undergone abdomino-perineal resection for rectal adenocarcinoma after neo-adjuvant chemotherapy...
November 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097951/effect-of-foot-manipulation-on-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-a-feasibility-study
#14
Camilla Melkersson, Salmir Nasic, Karin Starzmann, Kristina Bengtsson Boström
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate if the research process to evaluate the effect of foot manipulation on pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is feasible. Methods: A randomized, single-blind (patients and evaluators) pilot trial was performed to compare foot manipulation to a comparative group at 6-weekly treatment sessions at 5 physiotherapy outpatient clinics in Skaraborg primary care (Skövde, Sweden). Women at 12 to 31 weeks of pregnancy with well-defined PPGP (n = 97) and joint dysfunction or decreased range of movement in the feet were included...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096928/complications-of-trans-arterial-embolization-during-the-resuscitation-of-pelvic-fractures
#15
Boopalan Ramasamy, Dominic Thewlis, Mary J Moss, Francois Fraysse, Mark Rickman, Lucian Bogdan Solomon
INTRODUCTION: Trans arterial embolization (TAE) can stem uncontrolled bleeding associated with pelvic fractures, but is associated with potential complications. This study investigated and compared the early to midterm complications in two patient cohorts: one who did and one who did not undergo TAE. METHODOLOGY: The results of 14 patients who underwent TAE in the resuscitation phase, and then had their pelvic fractures managed non-operatively, the study group (Group 1), were compared with those of a control group (Group 2) of 14 patients matched for age, sex, injury and management, that did not undergo TAE...
October 28, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095064/screening-for-general-anxiety-disorders-in-postmenopausal-women-with-symptomatic-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#16
F Ai, M Deng, M Mao, T Xu, L Zhu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of general anxiety disorder (GAD) among postmenopausal women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to identify its associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among postmenopausal women with symptomatic POP. Sociodemographic data and medical histories were obtained. Participants completed the POP Quantification (POP-Q), the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire-7 (PFIQ-7), and the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20) measures...
November 2, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094218/magnetic-resonance-defecography-versus-clinical-examination-and-fluoroscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
L Ramage, C Simillis, C Yen, C Lutterodt, S Qiu, E Tan, C Kontovounisios, P Tekkis
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance defecography (MRD) allows for dynamic visualisation of the pelvic floor compartments when assessing for pelvic floor dysfunction. Additional benefits over traditional techniques are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to compare detection and miss rates of pelvic floor abnormalities with MRD versus clinical examination and traditional fluoroscopic techniques. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted in accordance with recommendations from the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses...
November 1, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082726/-differential-diagnosis-and-management-of-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-in-adolescence
#18
Tiziano Motta, Antonio S Laganà, Gaetano Valenti, Valentina L LA Rosa, Marco Noventa, Amerigo Vitagliano, Benito Chiofalo, Agnese M Rapisarda, Diego Rossetti, Salvatore G Vitale
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is defined as any atypical genital bleeding originating from the uterine cavity, without the characteristics of normal menstrual period. AUB is an important symptom both for adolescents and their parents, and it usually leads to a state of anxiety. Although about 95% of AUB could be considered as a dysfunctional disorder, AUB requires well-defined diagnostic procedures in order to detect a physical cause, ruling out complex or systemic diseases, including oncological ones. Diagnostic procedures require the acquisition of a full and detailed history, and it is also crucial to obtain as much compliance from the patient as possible...
December 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071360/prospective-observational-study-of-the-impact-of-vaginal-surgery-pelvic-organ-prolapse-with-or-without-urinary-incontinence-on-female-sexual-function
#19
Veenu Tyagi, Mahesh Perera, Karen Guerrero, Suzanne Hagen, Stewart Pringle
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There is a difference of opinion in the literature as to whether pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a direct cause of female sexual dysfunction (FSD). Sexual function in women is negatively impacted by the presence of urinary symptoms. Thus, sexual dysfunction (SD) might be improved, unchanged, or worsened by pelvic floor surgery. METHODS: In this study, we observed SD and impact of surgical intervention on female sexual function (FSF) using a validated Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire Short Form (PISQ-12) in women undergoing surgery for POP with or without urinary incontinence...
October 25, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067499/prognosis-of-surgical-treatment-of-the-tethered-cord-syndrome-in-children
#20
Kirill Sysoev, Arsen Tadevosyan, Konstantin Samochernykh, William Khachatryan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the factors relevant to the prognosis of the outcome of the surgical treatment of the tethered cord syndrome (TCS). METHODS: The results of surgical treatment performed on 58 children with TCS were analyzed, with follow-up periods ranging from 6 months to 5 years. The data of preoperative clinical and instrumental examinations, as well as those of intraoperative electrophysiological diagnostics and morphometry, were compared with the dynamics of the TCS clinical presentation...
October 24, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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