keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pelvic dysfunction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433432/ascende-rt-an-analysis-of-treatment-related-morbidity-for-a-randomized-trial-comparing-a-low-dose-rate-brachytherapy-boost-with-a-dose-escalated-external-beam-boost-for-high-and-intermediate-risk-prostate-cancer
#1
Sree Rodda, Scott Tyldesley, W James Morris, Mira Keyes, Ross Halperin, Howard Pai, Michael McKenzie, Graeme Duncan, Gerard Morton, Jeremy Hamm, Nevin Murray
PURPOSE: To report the genitourinary (GU) and gastrointestinal (GI) morbidity and erectile dysfunction in a randomized trial comparing 2 methods of dose escalation for high- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: ASCENDE-RT (Androgen Suppression Combined with Elective Nodal and Dose Escalated Radiation Therapy) enrolled 398 men, median age 68 years, who were then randomized to either a standard arm that included 12 months of androgen deprivation therapy and pelvic irradiation to 46 Gy followed by a dose-escalated external beam radiation therapy (DE-EBRT) boost to 78 Gy, or an experimental arm that substituted a low-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy (LDR-PB) boost...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412085/in-vivo-evidence-of-significant-levator-ani-muscle-stretch-on-mr-images-of-a-live-childbirth
#2
Nikhil Sindhwani, Christian Bamberg, Nele Famaey, Geertje Callewaert, Joachim W Dudenhausen, Ulf Teichgräber, Jan Deprest
OBJECTIVE: Vaginal childbirth is believed to be a significant risk factor for the development of pelvic floor dysfunction later in life. Previous studies have explored the use of medical imaging and simulations of childbirth to determine the stretch in the levator ani muscle. Bamberg et al, 2012, have recorded MR images of a live childbirth of a 24 year old woman giving birth vaginally for the second time, using a 1.0 Tesla open high-field scanner. Our objective was to determine the stretch ratios in the levator muscle using these MR images of live childbirth...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396018/urinary-incontinence-and-other-pelvic-floor-disorders-after-radiation-therapy-in-endometrial-cancer-survivors
#3
Saya Segal, Gabriella John, Mary Sammel, Uduak Umoh Andy, Christina Chu, Lily A Arya, Justin Brown, Kathryn Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate radiation therapy as a risk factor for urinary or fecal incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and sexual dysfunction in endometrial cancer survivors. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of endometrial cancer survivors. Data were collected using a mailed survey and the medical record. Validated questionnaires were used to generate rates of urinary incontinence and other pelvic floor disorders. The incidence rates of pelvic floor disorders were compared across groups with different exposures to radiation...
March 18, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394528/-female-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-from-the-perspectives-of-genetic-studies
#4
L V Akulenko, G R Kasyan, Yu O Kozlova, N V Tupikina, D A Vishnevsky, D Yu Pushkar
Currently, despite the growing prevalence of female pelvic floor dysfunction, no consensus exists among researchers regarding its etiology and pathogenesis. There is no doubt, however, that this is a multifactorial disorder with a genetic predisposition. The risk for developing pelvic floor dysfunction is determined by the interaction of multiple additive genetic (mutations and/or polymorphic alleles) and environmental factors. This review of the world literature presents a rationale for searching specific molecular genetic factors shaping the structure of the genetic susceptibility to female pelvic floor dysfunction...
April 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393334/-pelvic-health-healthcare-needs-from-medical-and-women-perspectives
#5
Ji-Yan Lyu, Lu-I Chang, Chuan-Hsiu Tsai
The pelvis, one of the most important cavities in the human body, is involved in human reproduction health. The pelvis changes in females with age and reproduction-related changes in hormones. Women generally lack sufficient knowledge regarding their pelvic-health needs and feel embarrassed to seek pelvic-health-related medical advice. Conversely, medical care related to women's health focuses mainly on maternal health and cancer prevention. When facing the challenges of pelvic floor dysfunction, surgical procedures are the most common treatment modality...
April 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392009/genitourinary-and-gastrointestinal-co-morbidities-in-children-the-role-of-neural-circuits-in-regulation-of-visceral-function
#6
REVIEW
A P Malykhina, K E Brodie, D T Wilcox
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is a common problem in childhood. Lower urinary tract symptoms in children include overactive bladder, voiding postponement, stress incontinence, giggle incontinence, and dysfunctional voiding. Gastrointestinal co-morbidities, including constipation or fecal incontinence, are commonly associated with lower urinary tract (LUT) symptoms in children, often reaching 22-34%. This review summarized the potential mechanisms underlying functional lower urinary and gastrointestinal co-morbidities in children...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386692/the-usefulness-of-mr-defecography-in-the-evaluation-of-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-our-experience-using-3t-mri
#7
Mahasen S Al-Najar, Ahmed F Ghanem, Saif Aldeen S AlRyalat, Nosaiba T Al-Ryalat, Sultan O Alhajahjeh
PURPOSE: To assess the usefulness of MR defecography in evaluating pelvic floor dysfunction, and to correlate several pelvic organ abnormalities with each other and with patients' symptoms and characteristics. METHODS: MR defecographic examinations performed in 3T MRI machine of 95 patients (70 females, 25 males; mean age 48) were retrospectively reviewed. Pelvic organ abnormalities from all three compartments were recorded, including the anorectal junction descent, anterior rectocele, and cystocele...
April 6, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378317/risk-factor-analysis-for-newly-developed-urogenital-dysfunction-after-total-mesorectal-excision-and-impact-of-pelvic-intraoperative-neuromonitoring-a-prospective-2-year-follow-up-study
#8
Daniel W Kauff, Hauke Lang, Werner Kneist
AIM: Urogenital dysfunction is a common sequela following total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer. This prospective study analyzed potential risk factors and investigated the impact of pelvic intraoperative neuromonitoring. METHOD: Included were 85 patients undergoing total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer, 43 under the control of pelvic intraoperative neuromonitoring. Urogenital function was assessed with validated questionnaires within a 2-year follow-up period...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374792/cell-based-secondary-prevention-of-childbirth-induced-pelvic-floor-trauma
#9
REVIEW
Geertje Callewaert, Marina Monteiro Carvalho Mori Da Cunha, Nikhil Sindhwani, Maurilio Sampaolesi, Maarten Albersen, Jan Deprest
With advancing population age, pelvic-floor dysfunction (PFD) will affect an increasing number of women. Many of these women wish to maintain active lifestyles, indicating an urgent need for effective strategies to treat or, preferably, prevent the occurrence of PFD. Childbirth and pregnancy have both long been recognized as crucial contributing factors in the pathophysiology of PFD. Vaginal delivery of a child is a serious traumatic event, causing anatomical and functional changes in the pelvic floor. Similar changes to those experienced during childbirth can be found in symptomatic women, often many years after delivery...
April 4, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367344/sacral-neuromodulation-foray-into-chronic-pelvic-pain-in-end-stage-endometriosis
#10
Maija Lavonius, Pia Suvitie, Pirita Varpe, Heikki Huhtinen
Excision of all endometriotic lesions is the method of choice in the treatment of severe endometriosis resistant to medical therapy. The infiltrating nature of the disease as well as extensive surgery may, however, cause chronic pain that cannot be relieved by either surgery or hormonal treatment. As a pilot treatment, we tested the effect of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) for four endometriosis patients suffering chronic pelvic pain and pelvic organ dysfunction after radical surgical treatment. Three out of four patients reported improvement in their symptoms during the neuromodulation testing period and a permanent pulse generator was installed...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364981/heightened-pelvic-floor-muscle-tone-and-altered-contractility-in-women-with-provoked-vestibulodynia
#11
Mélanie Morin, Yitzchak M Binik, Daniel Bourbonnais, Samir Khalifé, Stéphane Ouellet, Sophie Bergeron
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor muscle (PFM) dysfunctions are reported to be involved in provoked vestibulodynia (PVD). Although heightened PFM tone has been suggested, the relative contribution of active and passive components of tone remains misunderstood. Likewise, alterations in PFM contractility have been scarcely studied. AIMS: To compare PFM tone, including the relative contribution of its active and passive components, and muscular contractility in women with PVD and asymptomatic controls...
April 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364153/comparative-study-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-synthetic-surgical-glue-for-mesh-fixation-in-ventral-rectopexy
#12
Raquel Kelner Silveira, Sophie Domingie, Sylvain Kirzin, Djalma Agripino de Melo Filho, Guillaume Portier
BACKGROUND: Ventral mesh rectopexy (VMR) is a surgical option to treat rectal prolapse with pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD). Using synthetic surgical glue to fix the mesh to the anterior rectal wall after ventral dissection could be advantageous in comparison with sutured or stapled fixation. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of synthetic surgical glue for mesh fixation compared with suture mesh fixation in VMR. METHODS: This observational cohort study is a retrospective analysis conducted in a University Hospital Pelvic Surgery Center...
March 31, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360950/management-of-pelvic-fracture-associated-urethral-injuries-a-survey-of-canadian-urologists
#13
Nathan Colin Wong, Christopher B Allard, Shawn Dason, Patricia Farrugia, Mohit Bhandari, Timothy O Davies
INTRODUCTION: The management of pelvic fracture-associated urethral injuries (PFUI) is not standardized and optimal management is controversial. We surveyed Canadian urologists about their experiences and opinions regarding optimal management of PFUI. METHODS: Canadian urologists were surveyed via an anonymous, bilingual, web-based, 12-item questionnaire. A total of 735 Canadian urologists were invited to participate via email distributed by the Canadian Urological Association...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347195/endometriosis-doubles-the-risk-of-sexual-dysfunction-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-large-amount-of-patients
#14
Flávia Fairbanks, Carmita Helena Abdo, Edmund C Baracat, Sergio Podgaec
INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis affects several aspects of a woman's life, including sexual function, but which specific aspects of sexual function remains unclear. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed involving 1001 women divided into two groups, according to the presence or absence of endometriosis. We assessed sexual function, anxiety and depression of patients and correlated these findings with symptoms, locations and types of endometriosis and the affected domains of sexual function...
March 28, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346720/videourodynamic-analysis-of-the-urethral-sphincter-overactivity-and-the-poor-relaxing-pelvic-floor-muscles-in-women-with-voiding-dysfunction
#15
Chung-Hsin Peng, Sheng-Fu Chen, Hann-Chorng Kuo
AIMS: Voiding dysfunction due to dysfunctional voiding (DV) and poor relaxation of the external sphincter (PRES) are commonly found among adult women with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) during videourodynamic study (VUDS). This study analyzed the VUDS characteristics of DV and PRES in female voiding dysfunction. METHODS: This retrospective study involved 1914 women aged >18 years with refractory LUTS. The medical records and the VUDS parameters were reviewed...
March 27, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345769/best-practice-policy-statement-on-urodynamic-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-the-non-index-patient
#16
REVIEW
Anne P Cameron, Lysanne Campeau, Benjamin M Brucker, J Quentin Clemens, Gregory T Bales, Michael E Albo, Michael J Kennelly
AIMS: Antibiotic prophylaxis before urodynamic testing (UDS) is widely utilized to prevent urinary tract infection (UTI) with only limited guidance. The Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine, and Urogenital Reconstruction (SUFU) convened a Best Practice Policy Panel to formulate recommendations on the urodynamic antibiotic prophylaxis in the non-index patient. METHODS: Recommendations are based on a literature review and the Panel's expert opinion, with all recommendations graded using the Oxford grading system...
March 27, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344963/comparison-of-sexual-function-between-sacrocolpopexy-and-sacrocervicopexy
#17
Yon Chu Ko, Eun-Hee Yoo, Gwan Hee Han, Young-Mi Kim
OBJECTIVE: To compare sexual function before and 12 months after between sacrocolpopexy and sacrocervicopexy. METHODS: This retrospective study examined a cohort of 55 sexually active women who underwent either supracervical hysterectomy with sacrocervicopexy (n=28) or total abdominal hysterectomy with sacrocolpopexy (n=27) for stage II to IV pelvic organ prolapse. Pelvic floor support was measured with Pelvic Organ Prolapse-Quantification examination. Pelvic floor function was measured with the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-Short Form 20 and sexual function was measured with Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Function Questionnaire-Short Form 12 (PISQ-12)...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333818/practice-bulletin-no-176-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#18
(no author information available yet)
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. For many women it can cause vaginal bulge and pressure, voiding dysfunction, defecatory dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction, which may adversely affect quality of life. Women in the United States have a 13% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP (). Although POP can occur in younger women, the peak incidence of POP symptoms is in women aged 70-79 years (). Given the aging population in the United States, it is anticipated that by 2050 the number of women experiencing POP will increase by approximately 50% ()...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333810/practice-bulletin-no-176-summary-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#19
(no author information available yet)
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. For many women it can cause vaginal bulge and pressure, voiding dysfunction, defecatory dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction, which may adversely affect quality of life. Women in the United States have a 13% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP (1). Although POP can occur in younger women, the peak incidence of POP symptoms is in women aged 70-79 years (2). Given the aging population in the United States, it is anticipated that by 2050 the number of women experiencing POP will increase by approximately 50% (3)...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332240/lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-benign-prostatic-hypertrophy-and-vascular-function-role-of-the-nitric-oxide-phosphodiesterase-type-5-cyclic-guanosine-3-5-monophosphate-pathway
#20
REVIEW
Yukihito Higashi
It is well known that there is an association of lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hypertrophy with cardiovascular disease, suggesting that lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hypertrophy is a risk factor for cardiovascular events. Vascular function, including endothelial function and vascular smooth muscle function, is involved in the pathogenesis, maintenance and development of atherosclerosis, leading to cardiovascular events. Vascular dysfunction per se should also contribute to lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hypertrophy...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
keyword
keyword
110120
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"