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Sporting arena

Leslie Swartz, Jason Bantjes, Bradley Knight, Greg Wilmot, Wayne Derman
PURPOSE: To describe how athletes with disabilities talk about their experiences of participating in competitive disability sport in South Africa. METHOD: In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 athletes with disabilities. Data were analysed via thematic content analysis using an inductive data driven process. RESULTS: Participants described their involvement in competitive sport as a positive experience; they described it as a catalyst for the recasting of identities and reframing an understanding of physical impairment, a context for empowerment and resistance of disablist attitudes, and an arena in which a sense of inclusion and belonging is experienced...
October 19, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Samuel N Grief
Food allergies are common and seem to be increasing in prevalence. Preventive measures have become far more evident in the public arena (schools, camps, sports venues, and so forth). Evaluation and management of food allergies has evolved such that primary care practitioners may choose to provide initial diagnostic and treatment care or refer to allergists for similar care. Food allergies, once considered incurable, are now being diminished in intensity by new strategies.
September 2016: Primary Care
Karin L Adams, William J Brazile
Noise exposure and hearing thresholds of indoor hockey officials of the Western States Hockey League were measured to assess the impact of hockey game noise on hearing sensitivity. Twenty-nine hockey officials who officiated the league in an arena in southeastern Wyoming in October, November and December 2014 participated in the study. Personal noise dosimetry was conducted to determine if officials were exposed to an equivalent sound pressure level greater than 85 dBA. Hearing thresholds were measured before and after hockey games to determine if a 10 dB or greater temporary threshold shift in hearing occurred...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
James H Brennan, Biswadev Mitra, Anneliese Synnot, Joanne McKenzie, Catherine Willmott, Andrew S McIntosh, Jerome J Maller, Jeffrey V Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Concussion is common in the sporting arena and is often challenging to diagnose. The development of wearable head impact measurement systems has enabled measurement of head kinematics in contact sports. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to determine the characteristics of head kinematics measured by an accelerometer system among male athletes diagnosed with concussion. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in July 2015...
July 11, 2016: Sports Medicine
Zaneta Ciosek, Adam Drozd, Anna Lubkowska
INTRODUCTION: World Championship in swimming are the most prestigious competition, where many countries around the world takes part in it. To prepare for the highest level for this type of event, swimmers need to train in adequate training base. Currently, the best center in Poland is at the Floating Arena swimming pool in Szczecin. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact training during start preparation period, on body mass composites. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this study it was examined 14 swimmers, members of the Polish Junior National Team, who were during a training camp in Szczecin, for one month before main competition...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Gaetano Rocco, Antonello La Rocca, Carmine La Manna, Nicola Martucci, Giuseppe De Luca, Rosanna Accardo
Extensive primary resections or redos may produce significant chest wall defects requiring creative reconstructions in order to avoid reduction of the intrathoracic volume. We describe the successful use of an innovative technique for chest wall reconstruction based on the concept of roof coverage of sport arenas. In fact, titanium plates are anchored to the residual rib stumps along the parasternal and paravertebral lines. The acellular collagen matrix prosthesis was sutured to the free edges of the same titanium plates to create a roof, reproducing the chest wall dome geometric configuration...
October 2015: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Morten Bryhn
Sport injuries are common and costly for the professional athlete, the "weekend warrior," and the community. Acute injuries are treated according to current guidelines with the aim of bringing the athlete back into the arena. These guidelines have not taken into account new scientific results of the inflammatory process following a trauma. The 4 hallmarks of inflammation, namely, pain, swelling, redness, and heat, are results of an adequate inflammatory response with the aim of bringing the affected tissue back to restitution (Latin: restitutio ad integrum)...
2015: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Duangjai Lexomboon, Christina Carlson, Ragnar Andersson, Inger von Bultzingslowen, Tita Mensah
AIM: The aims of this study were to determine the incidence of injuries to permanent incisors in 2011-2013 in children aged 8-10 years living in the county of Värmland, Sweden, and to compare it with the incidence rates in 1989/1990 in the county of Västmanland, as well as to determine the cause of dental trauma in relation to time and place. METHOD: The study analysed the patient records from dental visits (2011-2013) of trauma to the permanent incisors in children aged 8-10 years...
February 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Leyan Xu, Jiwon Ryu, Judy V Nguyen, John Arena, Elizabeth Rha, Pamela Vranis, Devon Hitt, Nicholas Marsh-Armstrong, Vassilis E Koliatsos
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is associated with repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in the context of contact and collision sports, but not all exposed individuals develop this condition. In addition, experiments in animal models in several laboratories have shown that non-transgenic mice do not develop tauopathy after exposure to repetitive mTBI schedules. It is thus reasonable to assume that genetic factors may play an etiological role in the development of CTE. More than 40 mutations in the tau gene are known to confer proneness to aggregation and are thought to cause neurodegenerative diseases including frontotemporal degeneration (FTD)...
November 2015: Experimental Neurology
Anthony Fabio, Ruth Geller, Michael Bazaco, Todd M Bear, Abigail L Foulds, Jessica Duell, Ravi Sharma
BACKGROUND: Emerging research highlights the promise of community- and policy-level strategies in preventing youth violence. Large-scale economic developments, such as sports and entertainment arenas and casinos, may improve the living conditions, economics, public health, and overall wellbeing of area residents and may influence rates of violence within communities. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of community economic development efforts on neighborhood residents' perceptions on violence, safety, and economic benefits...
2015: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Siobhan Statuta, Dilaawar J Mistry, Robert W Battle
This article is a commentary on the role of sports cardiologists in the athletic arena and the beneficial impact they offer sports medicine in the comprehensive care of competitive athletes. The focus is a dialogue on current recommendations for primary prevention of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), incorporating elements of the preparticipation evaluation and continuing care of athletes with diagnosed heart disease (HD). The feasibility and potential advantages of implementing well-designed preparticipation cardiovascular screening programs and the role of sports cardiologists to educate primary care team physicians on secondary prevention of SCA and proper treatment of underlying HD are discussed...
July 2015: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Linda S Pescatello, Hayley V MacDonald, Garrett I Ash, Lauren M Lamberti, William B Farquhar, Ross Arena, Blair T Johnson
The Eighth Joint National Committee guideline on the management of adult hypertension was recently released. Rather than recommending specific lifestyle modifications as in the Seventh Joint National Committee guideline, the Eighth Joint National Committee endorsed the recommendations of the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology 2013 Lifestyle Work Group. The Lifestyle Work Group report included systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials or controlled clinical trials from 2001 through 2011 of "fair to good" quality...
June 2015: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Carolina R Mischiati, Mark Comerford, Emma Gosford, Jacqueline Swart, Sean Ewings, Nadine Botha, Maria Stokes, Sarah L Mottram
Pre-season screening is well established within the sporting arena, and aims to enhance performance and reduce injury risk. With the increasing need to identify potential injury with greater accuracy, a new risk assessment process has been produced; The Performance Matrix (battery of movement control tests). As with any new method of objective testing, it is fundamental to establish whether the same results can be reproduced between examiners and by the same examiner on consecutive occasions. This study aimed to determine the intra-rater test re-test and inter-rater reliability of tests from a component of The Performance Matrix, The Foundation Matrix...
June 2015: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Lotta Moraeus, Lauren Lissner, Linda Olsson, Agneta Sjöberg
BACKGROUND: High physical activity, low sedentary behavior and low consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages can be markers of a healthy lifestyle. We aim to observe longitudinal changes and secular trends in these lifestyle variables as well as in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in 7-to-9-year-old schoolchildren related to gender and socioeconomic position. METHODS: Three cross-sectional surveys were carried out on schoolchildren in grades 1 and 2 (7-to-9-year-olds) in 2008 (n = 833), 2010 (n = 1085), and 2013 (n = 1135)...
2015: BMC Public Health
MaCalus V Hogan, Garth N Walker, Liang Richard Cui, Freddie H Fu, Johnny Huard
The use of stem cell therapies for the treatment of orthopaedic injuries continues to advance. The purpose of this review was to provide an update of the current role and future directions of stem cell strategies in sports medicine. The application of cell-based treatments in the sports medicine arena has expanded in recent years. Promising preclinical results have led to translation of these novel therapies into the clinical setting. Early well-designed comparative clinical studies have also shown positive outcomes...
May 2015: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Mario Thevis, Andreas Thomas, Wilhelm Schänzer
With the growing availability of mature systems and strategies in biotechnology and the continuously expanding knowledge of cellular processes and involved biomolecules, human sports drug testing has become a considerably complex field in the arena of analytical chemistry. Proving the exogenous origin of peptidic drugs and respective analogs at lowest concentration levels in biological specimens (commonly blood, serum and urine) of rather limited volume is required to pursue an action against cheating athletes...
December 2014: Expert Review of Proteomics
Markku Tuominen, Michael J Stuart, Mark Aubry, Pekka Kannus, Jari Parkkari
BACKGROUND: Information on ice hockey injuries at the international level is very limited. The aim of the study was to analyse the incidence, type, mechanism and severity of ice hockey injuries in men's international ice hockey tournaments. METHODS: All the injuries in men's International Ice Hockey Federation World Championship tournaments over a 7-year period were analysed using a strict definition of injury, standardised reporting strategies and an injury diagnosis made by a team physician...
January 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Erol Gelenbe, Huibo Bi
Emergency navigation systems for buildings and other built environments, such as sport arenas or shopping centres, typically rely on simple sensor networks to detect emergencies and, then, provide automatic signs to direct the evacuees. The major drawbacks of such static wireless sensor network (WSN)-based emergency navigation systems are the very limited computing capacity, which makes adaptivity very difficult, and the restricted battery power, due to the low cost of sensor nodes for unattended operation...
2014: Sensors
Julie Spaas, Werner F Helsen, Maurits Adriaenssens, Sarah Broeckx, Luc Duchateau, Jan H Spaas
There is general agreement that horses have dichromatic colour vision with similar capabilities to human beings with red-green colour deficiencies. However, whether colour perception has an impact on equine jumping performance and how pronounced the colour stimulus might be for a horse is unknown. The present study investigated the relationship between the colour of the fences (blue or green) and the show jumping performance of 20 horses ridden by two riders using an indoor and outdoor set of green and blue fences...
October 2014: Veterinary Journal
Fred Cummins
Received approaches to a unified phenomenon called "language" are firmly committed to a Cartesian view of distinct unobservable minds. Questioning this commitment leads us to recognize that the boundaries conventionally separating the linguistic from the non-linguistic can appear arbitrary, omitting much that is regularly present during vocal communication. The thesis is put forward that uttering, or voicing, is a much older phenomenon than the formal structures studied by the linguist, and that the voice has found elaborations and codifications in other domains too, such as in systems of ritual and rite...
2014: Frontiers in Psychology
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