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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921869/simplified-and-age-appropriate-recommendations-for-added-sugars-in-children
#1
M I Goran, S L Riemer, T L Alderete
Excess sugar intake increases risk for obesity and related comorbidities among children. The World Health Organization (WHO), American Heart Association (AHA) and the 2015 USDA dietary recommendations have proposed guidelines for added sugar intake to reduce risk for disease. WHO and USDA recommendations are presented as a percentage of daily calories from added sugar. This approach is not easily understood or translated to children, where energy needs increase with age. The AHA recommendation is based on a fixed value of 25 g of added sugar for all children 2-19 years of age...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#2
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904935/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-body-composition-and-cardiometabolic-parameters-in-adolescent-team-sports-elite-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Javad Hosseinzadeh, Zahra Maghsoudi, Behnood Abbasi, Pooya Daneshvar, Atefeh Hojjati, Reza Ghiasvand
BACKGROUND: Nutritional intake is an important issue in adolescent athletes. Proper athletes' performance is a multifactorial outcome of good training, body composition, and nutritional status. The aim of the present study was to assess nutritional status, body composition, and cardiometabolic factors in adolescent elite athlete's province of Isfahan, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 100 adolescent elite athletes from volleyball, basketball, and soccer teams were selected for the study...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890913/markers-of-cardiovascular-dysfunction-in-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#4
Reshmi Morris, Aparna Prasad, Joseph Asaro, Marla Guzman, Leslie Sanders, Amanda Hauck, Gautam K Singh, Philip T Levy
Background. Cardiovascular complications contribute to the high morbidity and mortality rate among children with anorexia nervosa (AN). Advances in cardiac imaging permit a more comprehensive assessment of myocardial performance in children that could not be previously obtained with conventional imaging. Myocardial strain analysis is an emerging quantitative echocardiographic technique to characterize global and regional ventricular function in children. Objective. To assess global and regional left ventricular (LV0 function in children newly diagnosed with AN with conventional and quantitative 2-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiographic (2DSTE)-derived strain imaging...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886170/homoarginine-a-prognostic-indicator-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-complex-congenital-heart-disease
#5
Tanja Raedle-Hurst, Marieke Mueller, Andreas Meinitzer, Winfried Maerz, Thomas Dschietzig
BACKGROUND: Homoarginine (hArg) has been shown to be of prognostic value in patients with chronic left heart failure. The present study aims to assess the clinical utility and prognostic value of hArg levels in patients with complex congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: Plasma hArg levels were measured in 143 patients with complex CHD and compared to clinical status, echocardiographic and laboratory parameters as well as the occurrence of adverse cardiac events...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883794/a-meta-analysis-on-sex-differences-in-resting-state-vagal-activity-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
REVIEW
Julian Koenig, Joshua A Rash, Tavis S Campbell, Julian F Thayer, Michael Kaess
Lower vagal activity is associated with psychopathology independent of age. Research suggests that alterations of vagal activity precede the development of psychopathology. The present review aimed to quantify sex differences in vagal activity in children and adolescents. Studies reporting on sex differences on measures of vagally-mediated heart rate variability derived from short-term recordings under resting conditions in boys and girls were included. Drawing on data from more than 5,000 children and adolescents, we provide evidence that healthy young girls display lower vagal activity and greater mean heart rate compared to boys, a finding that may have implications for risk associated with the development of internalizing psychopathology and somatic ill-health...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880458/determinants-of-platelet-count-in-pediatric-patients-with-congenital-cyanotic-heart-disease-role-of-immature-platelet-fraction
#7
Randa M Matter, Iman A Ragab, Alaa M Roushdy, Ahmed G Ahmed, Hanan H Aly, Eman A Ismail
OBJECTIVES: Congenital heart defects are common noninfectious causes of mortality in children. Bleeding and thrombosis are both limiting factors in the management of such patients. We assessed the frequency of thrombocytopenia in pediatric patients with congenital cyanotic heart disease (CCHD) and evaluated determinants of platelet count including immature platelet fraction (IPF) and their role in the pathogenesis of thrombocytopenia. METHODS: Forty-six children and adolescents with CCHD during pre-catheter visits were studied; median age was 20...
September 7, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876372/functional-capacity-in-congenital-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Camila Wohlgemuth Schaan, Aline Chagastelles Pinto de Macedo, Graciele Sbruzzi, Daniel Umpierre, Beatriz D Schaan, Lucia Campos Pellanda
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with congenital heart disease often have alterations in their exercise capacity that can be evaluated by various functional testing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional capacity of children and adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD) with systematic review and meta-analyses. METHODS: The review included observational studies, data from the first evaluation of randomized clinical trials or observational follow-up periods after clinical trials which evaluated functional capacity by cardiopulmonary exercise test, stress testing, six-minute walk test or step test, in children and adolescents with CHD, aged between six and 18 years, and comparisons with healthy controls in the same age group...
September 4, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875228/myocardial-deformation-assessed-by-longitudinal-strain-chamber-specific-normative-data-for-cmr-feature-tracking-from-the-german-competence-network-for-congenital-heart-defects
#9
Quanliang Shang, Shivani Patel, Michael Steinmetz, Andreas Schuster, David A Danford, Philipp Beerbaum, Samir Sarikouch, Shelby Kutty
PURPOSE: Left ventricular two-dimensional global longitudinal strain (LS) is superior to ejection fraction (EF) as predictor of outcome. We provide reference data for atrial and ventricular global LS during childhood and adolescence by CMR feature tracking (FT). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 115 healthy subjects (56 male, mean age 12.4 ± 4.1 years) at a single institution. CMR consisted of standard two-dimensional steady-state free-precession acquisitions...
September 5, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874075/congenital-heart-disease-a-primer-for-the-pediatric-neuropsychologist
#10
Adam R Cassidy, Dawn Ilardi, Susan R Bowen, Lyla E Hampton, Kimberley P Heinrich, Michelle M Loman, Jacqueline H Sanz, Kelly R Wolfe
Congenital heart disease (CHD) affects millions of people worldwide, including over one million children in the United States. Approximately 25% of children born with CHD require intensive surgical intervention within the first year of life. Despite improved rates of survival into adulthood - rates that exceed 90% in the modern era - children and adolescents with CHD remain at risk for neurological injury and a range of neurobehavioral and psychosocial challenges that pose a threat to quality of life across the lifespan...
September 6, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872927/an-investigation-of-cardiovascular-risks-in-a-group-of-children-and-adolescents-who-use-atypical-antipsychotics
#11
Gül Dikeç, Leyla Baysan Arabaci, Gülçin Bölük Uzunoglu, Selin Demet Mizrak
This study was conducted to identify the metabolic parameters and body measurements associated with cardiovascular risks in a group of children and adolescents who as part of inpatient treatment received atypical antipsychotics at a psychiatric hospital in Turkey. Body mass indexes (BMIs), waist circumferences (WCs), diastolic blood pressures (DBPs), systolic blood pressures (SBPs) and heart rates (HRs) of the patients were evaluated during hospitalization and at discharge. A statistically significant difference was found among the mean BMIs, WCs, DBPs and HRs of the patients at the stages of their hospitalization and discharge (p < 0...
September 5, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864465/automated-left-heart-chambers-volumetric-assessment-using-three-dimensional-echocardiography-in-chinese-adolescents
#12
Xiu-Xia Luo, Fang Fang, Hung-Kwan So, Chao Liu, Man-Ching Yam, Alex Pui-Wai Lee
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported the accuracy and reproducibility of HeartModel for automated determination of three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE)-derived left heart volumes and left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF) in adult patients. However, it remains unclear whether this automated adaptive analytics algorithm, derived from a 'training' population, can encompass adequate echo images in Chinese adolescents. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to explore the accuracy of HeartModel in adolescents compared with expert manual three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography...
September 1, 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862962/inspiratory-muscle-training-is-associated-with-improved-inspiratory-muscle-strength-resting-cardiac-output-and-the-ventilatory-efficiency-of-exercise-in-patients-with-a-fontan-circulation
#13
Karina Laohachai, David Winlaw, Hiran Selvadurai, Ganesh Kumar Gnanappa, Yves d'Udekem, David Celermajer, Julian Ayer
BACKGROUND: Patients with a Fontan circulation have reduced exercise capacity and respiratory muscle strength. Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improves exercise capacity and quality of life in adults with heart failure. We assessed whether 6 weeks of a home-based program of IMT improves inspiratory muscle strength and the ventilatory efficiency of exercise in adolescent patients with a Fontan circulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-three adolescent participants (aged 16±2 years) with a Fontan circulation underwent 6 weeks of IMT for 30 minutes daily...
August 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859545/acute-cardiorespiratory-perceptual-and-enjoyment-responses-to%C3%A2-high-intensity-interval-exercise-in-adolescents
#14
Adam A Malik, Craig A Williams, Bert Bond, Kathryn L Weston, Alan R Barker
This study aimed to examine adolescents' acute cardiorespiratory and perceptual responses during high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) and enjoyment responses following HIIE and work-matched continuous moderate intensity exercise (CMIE). Fifty-four 12- to 15-year olds (27 boys) completed 8 × 1-min cycling at 90% peak power with 75-s recovery (HIIE) and at 90% of the gas exchange threshold (CMIE). Absolute oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]), percentage of maximal [Formula: see text] (%[Formula: see text]), heart rate (HR), percentage of maximal HR (%HRmax) and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were collected during HIIE...
August 31, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854574/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-web-based-hiv-std-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-targeting-sexual-communication-skills
#15
L Widman, C E Golin, K Kamke, J Massey, M J Prinstein
Adolescent girls are at substantial risk of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV. To reduce these risks, we developed Health Education And Relationship Training (HEART), a web-based intervention focused on developing sexual assertiveness skills and enhancing sexual decision-making. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of this new program and examined if perceived acceptability varied according to participant ethnicity, sexual orientation or sexual activity status. Participants were part of a randomized controlled trial of 222 10th-grade girls (Mage = 15...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841335/future-directions-for-the-examination-of-mediators-of-treatment-outcomes-in-youth
#16
Matthew M Carper, Heather B Makover, Philip C Kendall
How do psychological therapies work? How can we enhance treatment to improve outcomes? Questions of mediation lie at the heart of these inquiries. However, within the child and adolescent treatment literature, studies of mediation often rely on methodological and statistical approaches that limit the inferences that can be drawn from study findings. This future directions review delineates some of these issues and suggests improvements through two interrelated paths. We propose that mediation studies in the youth treatment literature will be enhanced (a) by adopting best practices in nomothetic (group-based) methodologies for assessing putative mediating variables and conducting appropriate statistical analyses and (b) by increasing the use of idiographic (individual-focused) approaches to youth outcome research through mediation studies that use innovative designs, data collection techniques, and analytic methods...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838970/out-of-hospital-sudden-cardiac-arrest-in-children-with-congenital-heart-defects
#17
Jarle Jortveit, Jakob Klcovansky, Gaute Døhlen, Leif Eskedal, Sigurd Birkeland, Henrik Holmstrøm
AIMS: Out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is a rare but devastating event in children and adolescents. The risk is assumed to be higher in children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) than in healthy individuals. The aim of the present study was to investigate the rate of and survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in children 2-18 years old with CHDs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data concerning all live births in Norway between 1994 and 2009 were retrieved from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, the patient administrative systems at all hospitals in Norway, the Oslo University Hospital's Clinical Registry for Congenital Heart Defects and the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry...
August 24, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832094/initial-experience-of-catheter-ablation-for-cardiac-arrhythmias-in-children-and-adolescents-at-a-newly-built-ablation-centre
#18
Radosław Pietrzak, Piotr Lodziński, Tomasz Książczyk, Paweł Balsam, Monika Gawałko, Grzegorz Opolski, Bożena Werner
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation (CA) therapy is the first choice treatment in adults with heart rhythm disturbances. The arrhythmias in adults are mainly conditioned by coronary disease. Etiology of arrhythmias in children is mostly associated with inherited heart disorders. According to the current guidelines the CA is widely used in children, indicating the need to make it more achievable in pediatric population. AIM: To assess efficacy and safety of CA in children with different types of arrhythmias on the initial learning curve at newly built Ablation Center in The Independent Pediatric Hospital of Medical University of Warsaw...
August 23, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829158/a-positive-perspective-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-for-health-promoting-behaviors-of-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease
#19
Hui-Ru Huang, Chi-Wen Chen, Chin-Mi Chen, Hsiao-Ling Yang, Wen-Jen Su, Jou-Kou Wang, Pei-Kwei Tsai
BACKGROUND: Health-promoting behaviors could serve as a major strategy to optimize long-term outcomes for adolescents with congenital heart disease. The associations assessed from a positive perspective of knowledge, attitudes, and practice model would potentially cultivate health-promoting behaviors during adolescence. AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between disease knowledge, resilience, family functioning, and health-promoting behaviors in adolescents with congenital heart disease...
August 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828743/pregnancy-in-women-with-congenital-heart-disease
#20
REVIEW
Evin Yucel, Doreen DeFaria Yeh
Advances in cardiac surgical interventions in infancy and childhood have led to an increased number of women with congenital heart disease of childbearing age. For these women, individualized preconception counseling and pregnancy planning should be a vital component of their medical management, and presentation for obstetric care may even be an opportunity to re-establish cardiovascular care for patients who have been lost to follow-up. These patients have unique cardiovascular anatomy and physiology, which is dependent upon the surgical intervention they may have undergone during childhood or adolescence...
August 22, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
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