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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742817/temporal-profile-of-intracranial-pressure-and-cerebrovascular-reactivity-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-and-association-with-fatal-outcome-an-observational-study
#1
Hadie Adams, Joseph Donnelly, Marek Czosnyka, Angelos G Kolias, Adel Helmy, David K Menon, Peter Smielewski, Peter J Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: Both intracranial pressure (ICP) and the cerebrovascular pressure reactivity represent the dysregulation of pathways directly involved in traumatic brain injury (TBI) pathogenesis and have been used to inform clinical management. However, how these parameters evolve over time following injury and whether this evolution has any prognostic importance have not been studied. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We analysed the temporal profile of ICP and pressure reactivity index (PRx), examined their relation to TBI-specific mortality, and determined if the prognostic relevance of these parameters was affected by their temporal profile using mixed models for repeated measures of ICP and PRx for the first 240 hours from the time of injury...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742798/cerebrovascular-pressure-reactivity-monitoring-using-wavelet-analysis-in-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-a-retrospective-study
#2
Xiuyun Liu, Joseph Donnelly, Marek Czosnyka, Marcel J H Aries, Ken Brady, Danilo Cardim, Chiara Robba, Manuel Cabeleira, Dong-Joo Kim, Christina Haubrich, Peter J Hutchinson, Peter Smielewski
BACKGROUND: After traumatic brain injury (TBI), the ability of cerebral vessels to appropriately react to changes in arterial blood pressure (pressure reactivity) is impaired, leaving patients vulnerable to cerebral hypo- or hyperperfusion. Although, the traditional pressure reactivity index (PRx) has demonstrated that impaired pressure reactivity is associated with poor patient outcome, PRx is sometimes erratic and may not be reliable in various clinical circumstances. Here, we introduce a more robust transform-based wavelet pressure reactivity index (wPRx) and compare its performance with the widely used traditional PRx across 3 areas: its stability and reliability in time, its ability to give an optimal cerebral perfusion pressure (CPPopt) recommendation, and its relationship with patient outcome...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721421/a-pr-3-doping-strategy-for-simultaneously-optimizing-the-size-and-near-infrared-persistent-luminescence-of-zggo-cr-3-nanoparticles-for-potential-bio-imaging
#3
Zheng Gong, Yuxue Liu, Jian Yang, Duanting Yan, Hancheng Zhu, Chunguang Liu, Changshan Xu, Hong Zhang
Spinel-phase Zn2Ga2.98-xGe0.75O8:Cr0.020,Prx (ZGGO:Cr(3+),Pr(3+)) near infrared (NIR) persistent luminescence nanoparticles (PLNPs) with different amounts of Pr(3+) dopant were prepared by a hydrothermal method in combination with a subsequent annealing in a vacuum. For these nanoparticles, the averaged particle size decreases from 64 to 37 nm with increasing Pr(3+) doping concentration from 0 to 0.025 and Cr(3+) and Pr(3+) ions are uniformly doped into the interior and surface of a single nanoparticle. It can be found that Pr(3+) doping leads to the appearance of more anti-site pairs () around distorted octahedral Cr(3+) ions and enhanced NIR emissions around 697 nm, which originate from the (2)E((2)G) → (4)A2((4)F) and (4)T2((4)F) → (4)A2((4)F) transitions of the interior and surface Cr(3+) ions in the nanoparticles...
July 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716521/update-on-quality-of-care-in-hispanics-and-other-racial-ethnic-groups-in-the-united-states-discharged-with-the-diagnosis-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-2013
#4
Tomás Romero, Kristina L Greenwood, Dale Glaser
BACKGROUND: Disparities in Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) care and outcomes have been frequently reported in racial-ethnic minorities in the U.S. Some studies have attributed disparities in Hispanics and other minorities to lower quality of services at hospitals where they seek care. Current information from hospitals with large Hispanic representations and updated quality resources is needed. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of 839 AMI patients discharged in 2013 from three Southern California Hospitals (A, B, C) with tertiary cardiac care level...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699412/pressure-autoregulation-measurement-techniques-in-adult-tbi-part-ii-a-scoping-review-of-continuous-methods
#5
Frederick Adam Zeiler, Joseph Donnelly, Leanne Calviello, Peter Smieleweski, David Menon, Marek Czosnyka
To perform systematically a scoping review of the literature on commonly described continuous autoregulation measurement techniques in adult TBI. The goal was to provide an overview of methodology and comprehensive reference library of the available literature for each technique. Five separate small systematic reviews were conducted for each of the continuous techniques: pressure reactivity index (PRx), laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF), near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) techniques, brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2), and thermal diffusion (TD) techniques...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689775/gene-characteristics-immune-and-stress-responses-of-pmprx1-in-black-tiger-shrimp-penaeus-monodon-insights-from-exposure-to-pathogenic-bacteria-and-toxic-environmental-stressors
#6
Ruiqian Bu, Pengfei Wang, Chao Zhao, Weiyang Bao, Lihua Qiu
Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are ubiquitous, multifunctional and evolutionarily conserved enzymes that can protect cells from oxidative damage caused by ROS and play a vital role in immune responses. Here, a full-length Prx1 cDNA sequence (PmPrx1) was isolated from Penaeus monodon. The PmPrx1 cDNA was 951 base pairs (bp), encoding 198 amino acid polypeptides. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the PmPrx1 mRNA was ubiquitously expressed in all tissues tested and had a comparatively high expression level in immune-associated tissues (gill, hepatopancreas)...
July 6, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683851/survival-of-apc-mutant-colorectal-cancer-cells-requires-interaction-between-tankyrase-and-a-thiol-peroxidase-peroxiredoxin-ii
#7
Dong Hoon Kang, Joanna H S Lee, Sang Won Kang
Overexpression of mammalian 2-Cys peroxiredoxin (Prx) enzymes is observed in most cancer tissues. Nevertheless, their specific role in colorectal cancer progression has yet to be fully elucidated. Here, a novel molecular mechanism by which PrxII/TNKS interaction mediates survival of APC-mutant CRC cells was explored. In mice with inactivating APC mutation, a model of spontaneous intestinal tumorigenesis, deletion of PrxII reduces intestinal adenomatous polyposis and thereby increases survival. In APC mutation-derived human CRC cells, PrxII depletion hinders the PARP-dependent Axin1 degradation through TNKS inactivation...
July 7, 2017: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678763/neuroprotective-effect-of-a-novel-gastrodin-derivative-against-ischemic-brain-injury-involvement-of-peroxiredoxin-and-tlr4-signaling-inhibition
#8
Xiao-Na Mao, Hong-Jing Zhou, Xiao-Jia Yang, Li-Xue Zhao, Xi Kuang, Chu Chen, Dong-Ling Liu, Jun-Rong Du
The inhibition of extracellular inflammatory peroxiredoxin (Prx) signaling appears to be a potential therapeutic strategy for neuroinflammatory injury after acute ischemic stroke. Gastrodin (Gas) is a phenolic glycoside that is used for the treatment of cerebral ischemia, accompanied by regulation of the autoimmune inflammatory response. The present study investigated the neuroprotective effects of Gas and its derivative, Gas-D, with a focus on the potential mechanism associated with inflammatory Prx-Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling...
June 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659575/interaction-of-tankyrase-and-peroxiredoxin-ii-is-indispensable-for-the-survival-of-colorectal-cancer-cells
#9
Dong Hoon Kang, Doo Jae Lee, Sunmi Lee, So-Young Lee, Yukyung Jun, Yerin Kim, Youngeun Kim, Ju-Seog Lee, Dae-Kee Lee, Sanghyuk Lee, Eek-Hoon Jho, Dae-Yeul Yu, Sang Won Kang
Mammalian 2-Cys peroxiredoxin (Prx) enzymes are overexpressed in most cancer tissues, but their specific signaling role in cancer progression is poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that Prx type II (PrxII) plays a tumor-promoting role in colorectal cancer by interacting with a poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) tankyrase. PrxII deletion in mice with inactivating mutation of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene reduces intestinal adenomatous polyposis via Axin/β-catenin axis and thereby promotes survival...
June 28, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647924/comparative-expression-analysis-of-rice-and-arabidopsis-peroxiredoxin-genes-suggests-conserved-or-diversified-roles-between-the-two-species-and-leads-to-the-identification-of-tandemly-duplicated-rice-peroxiredoxin-genes-differentially-expressed-in-seeds
#10
Yun-Shil Gho, Sun-A Park, Sung-Ruyl Kim, Anil Kumar Nalini Chandran, Gynheung An, Ki-Hong Jung
BACKGROUND: Peroxiredoxins (PRXs) have recently been identified as plant antioxidants. Completion of various genome sequencing projects has provided genome-wide information about PRX genes in major plant species. Two of these -- Oryza sativa (rice) and Arabidopsis -- each have 10 PRX members. Although significant progress has been made in understanding their biological roles in Arabidopsis, those functions in rice, a model crop plant, have not been well studied. RESULTS: We performed a comparative expression analysis of rice and Arabidopsis PRXs...
December 2017: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643998/survey-in-expert-clinicians-on-validity-of-automated-calculation-of-optimal-cerebral-perfusion-pressure
#11
Romy Steijn, Roy Stewart, Marek Czosnyka, Joseph Donnelly, Ari Ercole, Antony Absalom, Jan W Elting, Christina Haubrich, Peter Smielewski, Marcel Aries
BACKGROUND: Optimal cerebral perfusion pressure (CPPopt) targeting in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients constitutes an active and controversial area of research. It has been suggested that an autoregulation guided CPP therapy may improve TBI outcome. Prerequisites of a CPPopt intervention study would be objective criteria for the CPPopt detection.. This study compared the agreement between automated and visual CPPopt detection. METHODS: Twenty-five clinicians from 18 centres worldwide, familiar with brain monitoring and using dedicated software, reviewed ten 4-hour CPPopt screenshots at 48 hrs after ictus in selected TBI patients...
June 22, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628315/a-pseudohypervalent-sulfur-intermediate-as-an-oxidative-protective-mechanism-in-the-archaea-peroxiredoxin-enzyme-aptpx
#12
Hisham M Dokainish, Daniel J Simard, James W Gauld
Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a ubiquitous class of enzymes that have central roles in a number of important physiological processes. Using a multiscale computational approach, we have investigated the mechanism by which the active-site cysteine (Cys50) in the typical 2-Cys Prx from Archaea (ApTPx) is oxidized by H2O2 to sulfenic acid. In addition, its further oxidation to give a sulfinic acid and its possible alternate intramolecular reaction to form an experimentally proposed hypervalent sulfurane were examined...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619362/peroxiredoxin-1-from-cuttlefish-sepiella-maindroni-molecular-characterization-of-development-and-its-immune-response-against-vibrio-alginolyticus
#13
Weiwei Song, Changkao Mu, Ronghua Li, Chunlin Wang
The aim of this work was constructive to understand the function of peroxiredoxin (PRDX) family member Peroxiredoxin 1 in Sepiella maindroni (SmPrx1) through molecular mechanisms of reproduction, embryonic development and immune responses to Vibrio alginolyticus. The full-length cDNA of SmPrx1 was of 1062 bp, contains a 5' untranslated region (UTR) of 79bp, a 3' UTR of 359 bp, an open reading frame of 624 bp encoding 207 amino acids. The conserved peroxidase catalytic center "FYPLDFTFVCPTEI" and "GEVCPA" were observed in the sequence of SmPrx1; this indicated that it was a member of 2-Cys Prx...
August 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617594/formation-of-polyrotaxane-particles-via-template-assembly
#14
Blaise L Tardy, Shereen Tan, Henk H Dam, Tomoya Suma, Junling Guo, Greg G Qiao, Frank Caruso
In this study, we report a versatile method to assemble tunable poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-based polyrotaxane (PRX) particles and capsules. By threading α-cyclodextrins (αCDs) onto PEG chains physically adsorbed onto template particles and subsequently dissolving the templates, PRX replica particles and hollow capsules are formed. This approach overcomes issues related to CD steric hindrance, and also reduces the multiple processing steps often associated with PRX-based particle formation. By simple variation of the molecular weight and end-group functionality of the PEG, we show that the rate of particle degradation as well as the stability of the particles can be tuned...
June 15, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594234/peroxiredoxins-and-redox-signaling-in-plants
#15
Michael Liebthal, Daniel Maynard, Karl-Josef Dietz
SIGNIFICANCE: Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are thiol peroxidases with multiple functions in the antioxidant defense and redox signaling network of the cell. Our progressing understanding assigns both local and global significance to plant Prxs, which are grouped in four Prx types. In plants they are localized to the cytosol, mitochondrion, plastid, and nucleus. Antioxidant defense is fundamentally connected to redox signaling, cellular communication, and acclimation. The thiol-disulfide network is central part of the stress sensing and processing response and integrates information input with redox regulation...
July 13, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587902/involvement-of-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-gene-mitofusin-2-expression-in-paclitaxel-induced-mechanical-allodynia-in-rats
#16
Yuta Yamashita, Keiichi Irie, Akane Kochi, Nami Kimura, Toshinobu Hayashi, Koichi Matsuo, Takayuki Myose, Kazunori Sano, Takafumi Nakano, Yumi Takase, Yoshihiko Nakamura, Tomomitsu Satho, Kenji Mishima, Kenichi Mishima
Paclitaxel induces peripheral neuropathy, which is dose-limiting and results in loss of quality of life. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy are major concerns in clinical cancer therapy. However, the detailed mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. It has recently been reported that allelic variability in the Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) genes, mitofusin 2 (MFN2), Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 10 (ARHGEF10), and periaxin (PRX), affected paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy in clinical cases...
July 13, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587524/the-role-of-peroxiredoxins-in-the-transduction-of-h2o2-signals
#17
Sue Goo Rhee, Hyun Ae Woo, Dongmin Kang
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is produced on stimulation of many cell surface receptors and serves as an intracellular messenger in the regulation of diverse physiological events, mostly by oxidizing cysteine residues of effector proteins. Mammalian cells express multiple H2O2-eliminating enzymes including catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and peroxiredoxin (Prx). A conserved cysteine in Prx family members is the site of oxidation by H2O2. Peroxiredoxins possess a high-affinity binding site for H2O2 that is lacking in catalase and glutathione peroxidase and which renders the catalytic cysteine highly susceptible to oxidation, with a rate constant several orders of magnitude greater than that for oxidation of cysteine in most H2O2 effector proteins...
June 6, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571485/continuous-autoregulatory-indices-derived-from-multi-modal-monitoring-each-one-is-not-like-the-other
#18
Frederick A Zeiler, Joseph Donnelly, David K Menon, Peter Smielewski, Christian Zweifel, Ken Brady, Marek Czosnyka
We assess the relationships between various continuous measures of autoregulatory capacity in a cohort of adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We assessed relationships between autoregulatory indices derived from intracranial pressure (ICP: PRx, PAx, RAC), transcranial Doppler (TCD: Mx, Sx, Dx), brain tissue-oxygenation (ORx), and spatially resolved near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS resolved: TOx, THx). Relationships between indices were assessed using Pearson correlation coefficient, Friedman test, principal component analysis (PCA), agglomerative hierarchal clustering (AHC) and k-means cluster analysis (KMCA)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552528/peroxiredoxins-are-required-for-spindle-assembly-chromosome-organization-and-polarization-in-mouse-oocytes
#19
Hyuk-Joon Jeon, Yong Seok Park, Dong-Hyung Cho, Jae-Sung Kim, Eunji Kim, Ho Zoon Chae, Sang-Young Chun, Jeong Su Oh
Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are highly conserved antioxidant enzymes and are implicated in multiple biological processes; however, their function in oocyte meiosis has not been studied. Here we show that inhibition of Prx I and II results in spindle defects, chromosome disorganization, and impaired polarization in mouse oocytes. Prx I was specifically localized at the spindle, whereas Prx II was enriched at the oocyte cortex and chromosomes. Inhibition of Prx activity with conoidin A disturbed assembly of the microtubule organizing center (MTOC) through Aurora A regulation, leading to defects in spindle formation...
May 25, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549769/variations-in-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-proteome-following-traumatic-brain-injury-and-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#20
David E Connor, Ganta V Chaitanya, Prashant Chittiboina, Paul McCarthy, L Keith Scott, Lisa Schrott, Alireza Minagar, Anil Nanda, J Steven Alexander
BACKGROUND: Proteomic analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has shown great promise in identifying potential markers of injury in neurodegenerative diseases [1-13]. Here we compared CSF proteomes in healthy individuals, with patients diagnosed with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in order to characterize molecular biomarkers which might identify these different clinical states and describe different molecular mechanisms active in each disease state. METHODS: Patients presenting to the Neurosurgery service at the Louisiana State University Hospital-Shreveport with an admitting diagnosis of TBI or SAH were prospectively enrolled...
May 13, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
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