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Migraine saliva

Ji Hye Nam, Hun Seok Lee, Jiyoung Kim, Jinmi Kim, Min Kyung Chu
Background Glutamate has been implicated in migraine pathogenesis, and is elevated in the plasma, cerebrospinal fluid, and saliva in migraineurs. However, no comparison of glutamate levels among chronic migraine, episodic migraine and controls has been reported. The aim is to compare salivary glutamate levels of individuals with chronic migraine with those of individuals with episodic migraine and healthy controls. Methods We investigated salivary glutamate level of 46 women with chronic migraine, 50 women with episodic migraine, and 19 healthy controls via enzyme linked immunosorbent assay...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Claudia Francesca Gasparini, Robert Anthony Smith, Lyn Robyn Griffiths
Migraine is a brain disorder characterized by a piercing headache which affects one side of the head, located mainly at the temples and in the area around the eye. Migraine imparts substantial suffering to the family in addition to the sufferer, particularly as it affects three times more women than men and is most prevalent between the ages of 25 and 45, the years of child rearing. Migraine typically occurs in individuals with a genetic predisposition and is aggravated by specific environmental triggers. Attempts to study the biochemistry of migraine began as early as the 1960s and were primarily directed at serotonin metabolism after an increase of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), the main metabolite of serotonin was observed in urine of migraineurs...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
Naiyu Zheng, Jianing Zeng, Qin C Ji, Aida Angeles, Anne-Francoise Aubry, Shenita Basdeo, Adela Buzescu, Ishani Savant Landry, Navin Jariwala, Wesley Turley, Richard Burrell, Mark E Arnold
Dried saliva spot (DSS) sampling is a non-invasive sample collection technique for bioanalysis that can be potentially implemented at the patient's home. A UHPLC-MS/MS assay was developed using detergent-assisted sample extraction to quantify BMS-927711, a drug candidate in development for the treatment of migraines, in human DSS. By implementing DSS sampling at the patients' home, the bioanalytical sample collection for pharmacokinetic evaluation can be done at the time of the acute migraine attack without the need for clinical visits...
August 31, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
János Tajti, Délia Szok, Zsófia Majláth, Bernadett Tuka, Anett Csáti, László Vécsei
Migraine is a common disabling neurovascular primary headache disorder. The pathomechanism is not clear, but extensive preclinical and clinical studies are ongoing. The structural basis of the leading hypothesis is the trigeminovascular system, which includes the trigeminal ganglion, the meningeal vasculature, and the distinct nuclei of the brainstem, the thalamus and the somatosensory cortex. This review covers the effects of sensory (calcitonin gene-related peptide, pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide and substance P), sympathetic (neuropeptide Y) and parasympathetic (vasoactive intestinal peptide) migraine-related neuropeptides and the functions of somatostatin, nociceptin and the orexins in the trigeminovascular system...
August 2015: Neuropeptides
Martina Manyikana, Yahya E Choonara, Lomas K Tomar, Charu Tyagi, Pradeep Kumar, Lisa C du Toit, Viness Pillay
The drug treatment of acute disorders such as neuropathic pain, migraines, insomnia, vomiting, allergic rhinitis or erectile dysfunction requires an immediate pharmacological effect that may be achieved through parenteral drug administration. However, the parenteral route is not always convenient for reasons that are well known. Therefore, in the recent past there has been a barrage of interest in formulating new, non-invasive, reliable and convenient oradispersible drug delivery technologies (ODDTs). Research in this area has focused extensively on developing ODDTs that are capable of releasing drugs immediately when they come into contact with saliva...
2016: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
Thomas R Terrell, Roberd Bostick, Jeffrey Barth, Richard Sloane, Robert C Cantu, Ellen Bennett, Leslie Galloway, Daniel Laskowitz, Dave Erlanger, Doug McKeag, Verle Valentine, Gregory Nichols
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3.8 million sports related TBIs occur per year. Genetic variation may affect both TBI risk and post-TBI clinical outcome. Limited research has focused on genetic risk for concussion among athletes. We describe the design, methods, and baseline characteristics of this prospective cohort study designed to investigate a potential association between genetic polymorphisms of apolipoprotein E gene, APOE promoter G-219T, and Tau gene exon 6 polymorphisms (Ser53 Pro and Hist47Tyr) with: 1) the risk of prospective concussion; 2) concussion severity; and 3) postconcussion neurocognitive recovery...
January 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Roger Cady, Ira Turner, Kent Dexter, M E Beach, Ryan Cady, Paul Durham
OBJECTIVE: To determine if baseline/interictal saliva calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) levels would be lower in subjects with chronic migraine receiving onabotulinumtoxinA compared with those receiving saline. BACKGROUND: CGRP is considered central to the pathogenesis of episodic migraine, but its relationship to chronic migraine is less understood. OnabotulinumtoxinA is an effective treatment for chronic migraine and has been demonstrated to inhibit the vesicular release of CGRP...
February 2014: Headache
Paul Durham, Spyros Papapetropoulos
OBJECTIVE: The focus of this review is to review potential diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers associated with migraine. BACKGROUND: Migraine headache is a common disease that affects millions of individuals worldwide. Although well-accepted diagnostic criteria exist for migraine, it is still a complex disorder that remains both underdiagnosed and misdiagnosed. The causes of migraine are likely a mix of genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors that, together with the individual's life history, translate into the observed clinical heterogeneity...
September 2013: Headache
R Indira Prasanna, P Anitha, C Madhusudhana Chetty
BACKGROUND: A novel aspiration in treatment of migraine, to provide greater therapeutic effect, overcome the side effects by complex therapeutic regimen and to improve patient compliance upon administering bucco-adhesive tablet formulations of sumatriptan succinate which have not been tested literally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was designed to develop a bucco-adhesive tablet containing sumatriptan succinate using blends of different bio-adhesive polymeric combinations such as hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose K4M, sodium carboxy methyl cellulose, and Carbopol 934P with a backing layer of ethyl cellulose by a direct compression technique...
July 2011: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
Ziya Bayrak, Cetin Tas, Umut Tasdemir, Halil Erol, Cansel Kose Ozkan, Ayhan Savaser, Yalcin Ozkan
First-pass metabolism can be overcome by sublingual drug delivery, and quick drug entry into the systemic circulation can be obtained. In certain diseases such as migraine therapy, taking fast pharmacological response is an important criteria. In this study, zolmitriptan sublingual tablets were prepared by direct compression method using different mucoadhesive polymers such as hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, chitosan and sodium carboxy methyl cellulose at a concentration range of 0.5-5% to reduce flushing action of saliva and provide enough time for drug to be absorbed...
August 2011: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Michael Teepker, Mira Peters, Bernd Kundermann, Helmut Vedder, Karsten Schepelmann, Stefan Lautenbacher
BACKGROUND: Clinically, oral contraceptives (OC) can influence pain in both migraine headache and temporomandibular pain disorders. Estrogen as an ingredient of OC might be a responsible factor for these observations. We conducted the present study to test whether OC are able to alter the severity of headache attacks as well as the detection or pain thresholds over the course of the menstrual cycle in patients with migraine. METHODS: Thirteen healthy and regularly menstruating women and 26 migraineurs (13 using OC and 13 not using OC) were studied on the days 1, 4, 14, and 22 of their menstrual cycle...
January 2011: Headache
M-U Jang, J-W Park, H-S Kho, S-C Chung, J-W Chung
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the level and interrelationship of nerve growth factor (NGF) and sensory neuropeptides [substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)] in plasma and saliva of chronic migraine patients, and to analyze the association between pain intensity and their concentration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasma and resting whole saliva were collected from 33 chronic migraine patients and 36 control subjects. NGF, SP, and CGRP concentrations were measured by enzyme immunoassay and pain intensity of each subject was measured using the Graded Chronic Pain Scale...
March 2011: Oral Diseases
Paul L Durham, Carrie V Vause, Frederick Derosier, Susan McDonald, Roger Cady, Vincent Martin
OBJECTIVE: To measure prostaglandin levels in the saliva of individuals during menstrual migraine associated with dysmenorrhea (MMaD) and in response to treatment with a single tablet combination of sumatriptan succinate and naproxen sodium. BACKGROUND: Prostaglandins are thought to play a role in MMaD as elevated serum prostaglandin levels have been reported during attacks of menstrual migraine and are increased in the menstrual fluid of women with dysmenorrhea...
May 2010: Headache
Guler Bugdayci, Serpil Yildiz, Burcu Altunrende, Nebil Yildiz, Seval Alkoy
OBJECTIVE: Salivary alpha amylase levels were measured to investigate sympathetic nervous system activity in migraine patients during attack, post-attack and interval periods of headache since salivary alpha amylase levels have been suggested as a potential indirect marker of sympatho-adrenal medullary activity in recent studies. METHODS: 50 patients with migraine headache (13 patients in attack, 26 patients in post-attack and 11 patients in interval period) and 60 healthy volunteers were taken into the study...
June 24, 2010: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
Roger K Cady, Carrie V Vause, Tony W Ho, Marcelo E Bigal, Paul L Durham
OBJECTIVES: (1) To measure calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) levels in the saliva of individuals with migraine during the premonitory period, mild headache, moderate to severe headache, and post-resolution phases as compared with baseline (interictal) CGRP levels. (2) To correlate response to rizatriptan administered during moderate headache with levels of CGRP levels measured in saliva. BACKGROUND: CGRP is implicated in the underlying pathophysiology of migraine...
October 2009: Headache
R G Boles, E A Zaki, T Lavenbarg, R Hejazi, P Foran, J Freeborn, S Trilokekar, R McCallum
Pediatric cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is associated with a high prevalence of co-morbid migraine and other functional disorders, and with two adult migraine-associated mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymorphisms: 16519T and 3010A. These potential associations have not been studied in adult CVS. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of 16519T and 3010A mtDNA polymorphisms and other functional disorders in adult CVS patients. Adults with CVS recruited from the University of Kansas meeting Rome III criteria and a population control group completed a self-reported survey that included questions relating to the diagnostic criteria for several functional disorders...
September 2009: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
P L Hyland, W A Coulter, I Abu-Ruman, C R Fulton, H J O'Neill, P V Coyle, P-J Lamey
Oral surgery and stress can trigger and/or increase asymptomatic shedding of herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) into human saliva. In this investigation we examined the frequency of HSV-1 shedding in 32 patients undergoing an oral surgery procedure compared with 40 control patients attending for noninvasive treatment. Control patients comprised 18 migraine patients and 22 patients with temporomandibular (TMD) joint problems. Nested-PCR was carried out on oral rinses collected from each patient prior to treatment and 7 days post-treatment...
July 2007: Oral Diseases
G G Schoonman, D J Evers, B E Ballieux, E J de Geus, E R de Kloet, G M Terwindt, J G van Dijk, M D Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Although mental stress is commonly considered to be an important trigger factor for migraine, experimental evidence for this belief is yet lacking. OBJECTIVE: To study the temporal relationship between changes in stress-related parameters (both subjective and objective) and the onset of a migraine attack. METHODS: This was a prospective, ambulatory study in 17 migraine patients. We assessed changes in perceived stress and objective biological measures for stress (saliva cortisol, heart rate average [HRA], and heart rate variability [low-frequency power and high-frequency power]) over 4 days prior to the onset of spontaneous migraine attacks...
June 2007: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Sheleigh P Lawler, Linda D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a distressing disorder that is often triggered by stress and poor sleep. Only one randomized controlled trial (RCT) has assessed the effects of massage therapy on migraine experiences, which yielded some promising findings. PURPOSE: An RCT was designed to replicate and extend the earlier findings using a larger sample, additional stress-related indicators, and assessments past the final session to identify longer-term effects of massage therapy on stress and migraine experiences...
August 2006: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Francesca Romana Patacchioli, Paola Monnazzi, Simona Simeoni, Sergio De Filippis, Emiliano Salvatori, Gabriella Coloprisco, Paolo Martelletti
Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity was monitored in 20 women with chronic migraine (CM), previously affected by medication overuse headache (MOH), in comparison to healthy women (20 subjects) by measuring salivary cortisol, testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate (DHEA-S) levels, and their ratios, one week after the end of the MOH rehabilitation procedure. The participants were instructed how to collect saliva samples at home, a procedure that was performed twice a day (08:00 a.m. and 8:00 p...
April 2006: Journal of Headache and Pain
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