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revision bariatric

Michal R Janik, Maciej Walędziak, Jakub Brągoszewski, Andrzej Kwiatkowski, Krzysztof Paśnik
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is one of the most frequently performed bariatric procedures. Hemorrhagic complications (HC) after surgery are common and require surgical revision. Accurate estimation of the risk of postoperative HC can improve surgical decision-making process and minimize the risk of reoperation. The aim of the present study was to develop a predictive model for HC after LSG. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The retrospective analysis of 522 patients after primary LSG was performed...
October 11, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Adrian Meule, Astrid Müller, Ashley N Gearhardt, Jens Blechert
The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) measures addiction-like eating of palatable foods based on the seven diagnostic criteria for substance dependence in the fourth revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Most recently, a new version of the YFAS has been developed based on the revised eleven diagnostic criteria for substance use disorder in DSM-5. This YFAS 2.0 was translated into German and used among other measures in a study with 455 university students (89% female) and in a study with 138 obese patients presenting for bariatric surgery (78% female)...
October 4, 2016: Appetite
Clarissa Schulze Zur Wiesch, Anne Lautenbach, Jens Aberle
Indication for bariatric or metabolic surgery depends primarily on body mass index. Recent study results however suggest, that other markers are more reliable predictors of metabolic success. A revision of indication criteria is therefore necessary especially for surgical therapy of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Postoperative management should include screening for postbariatric hypoglycemia and bone density. Furthermore psychologic surveillance is recommended.
September 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Ricardo Zorron, Manoel Passos Galvão-Neto, Josemberg Campos, Alcides José Branco, José Sampaio, Tido Junghans, Claudia Bothe, Christian Benzing, Felix Krenzien
Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a standard therapy in bariatric surgery. Sleeve gastrectomy and gastric banding, although with good results in the literature, are showing higher rates of treatment failure to reduce obesity-associated morbidity and body weight. Other problems after bariatric may occur, as band erosion, gastroesophageal reflux disease and might be refractory to medication. Therefore, a laparoscopic conversion to a RYGB can be an effective alternative, as long as specific indications for revision are fulfilled...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
José Sampaio-Neto, Alcides José Branco-Filho, Luis Sérgio Nassif, André Thá Nassif, Flávia David João De Masi, Graciany Gasperin
Background: The gastric bypass has nutritional and electrolyte disturbances rate of approximately 17%. The most common deficits are protein malnutrition, ferric and zinc, in addition to the vitamin. Although rare, some malnutrition stages reach such severity that ends up being necessary hospitalization and sometimes revisional or reversal surgical procedures. Aim: To present a proposal of surgical revision for treatment of severe malnutrition after bariatric surgery...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Vaughn E Nossaman, William S Richardson, James B Wooldridge, Bobby D Nossaman
INTRODUCTION: A recent bariatric surgical study demonstrated an inverse relationship of intraoperative hydration with the incidence of extended hospital length of stay (ehLOS: >1 postoperative hospital day). In that study, a post hoc analysis of the preoperative duration of Nil Per Os (NPO) past midnight revealed a significant dose-response association on the incidence of ehLOS, with the lowest incidence (10-12 %) predicted within the 2-5-h NPO interval. As NPO is associated with a state of compensatory dehydration, the objectives of this study were to prospectively examine the role of decreasing preoperative NPO intervals on the incidence of ehLOS in a similar bariatric surgical population and to establish causality of this association...
September 27, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Haider Al-Shurafa, Ahmed H Elzaafarany, Ali Albenmousa, Mona G Balata
OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcomes of different types of bariatric surgeries in a single newly established private obesity center. METHODS: Retrospectively, we included patients who were entered in the registry for bariatric surgeries in the Obesity Unit, Riyadh National Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between January 2013 and September 2014, and completed one year of follow up. Baseline characteristics, percent excess weight loss, and safety data were collected and analyzed...
October 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
A Van Gossum, L Pironi, C Chambrier, M Dreesen, C F Brandt, L Santarpia, F Joly
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Obesity is a worldwide health problem. Bariatric surgery (BS) is becoming one of the most commonly used methods for fighting obesity and its associated comorbidities. However, current BS techniques can be associated with early or late complications that may require nutritional support. The aim of this retrospective observational study was to determine the indications and outcomes for patients on Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) due to post-bariatric surgery complications...
September 8, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Nitin Kumar
Obesity and its comorbidities - including diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea - have taken a large and increasing toll on the United States and the rest of the world. The availability of commercial, clinical, and operative therapies for weight management have not been effective at a societal level. Endoscopic bariatric therapy is gaining acceptance as more effective than diet and lifestyle measures, and less invasive than bariatric surgery. Various endoscopic therapies are analogues of the restrictive or bypass components of bariatric surgery, utilizing gastric remodeling or intestinal anastomosis to achieve proven weight loss and metabolic benefits...
August 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
C Watts, J R Martin, M Houdek, M Abdel, D Lewallen, M Taunton
AIMS: We compared the outcome of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in obese patients who previously underwent bariatric surgery and those who did not, in a matched cohort study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: There were 47 THAs in the bariatric group (42 patients), and 94 THAs in the comparison group (92 patients). The mean age of the patients was 57 years in both groups (24 to 79) and 57% of the patients in both groups were women. The mean time between bariatric surgery and THA was five years (four months to 12 years) in the bariatric group...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
T O Smith, T Aboelmagd, C B Hing, A MacGregor
AIMS: Our aim was to determine whether, based on the current literature, bariatric surgery prior to total hip (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) reduces the complication rates and improves the outcome following arthroplasty in obese patients. METHODS: A systematic literature search was undertaken of published and unpublished databases on the 5 November 2015. All papers reporting studies comparing obese patients who had undergone bariatric surgery prior to arthroplasty, or not, were included...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Maher El Chaar, Jill Stoltzfus, Leonardo Claros, Maureen Miletics
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery is the only proven and effective long-term treatment for morbid obesity, with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) being the most commonly performed weight loss procedure in the USA. Despite its safety and efficacy, LSG's association with both de novo and pre-existing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) remains controversial. METHODS: Therefore, this retrospective study determined the incidence, indications, and outcomes of revisional surgery following LSG in adult patients at our institution from 2010 to 2014...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
R Zorron, C Bothe, T Junghans, J Pratschke, C Benzing, F Krenzien
The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the therapy of choice in bariatric surgery. Sleeve gastrectomy and gastric banding are showing higher rates of treatment failure, reducing obesity-associated morbidity and body weight insufficiently. Moreover, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can occur refractory to medication. Therefore, a laparoscopic conversion to RYGB can be reasonable as long as specific conditions are fulfilled.Endoscopic procedures are currently being applied to revise bariatric procedures...
October 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Verónica Gorodner, Rudolf Buxhoeveden, Gastón Clemente, Christian Sánchez, Luis Caro, Alejandro Grigaites
INTRODUCTION: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is recognized as a premalignant lesion for esophageal adenocarcinoma. BE appears as a consequence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which is increased among obese population. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is the best treatment option for obesity combined with GERD. However, data on evolution of BE after LRYGB are scarce. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Patients were studied with esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and gastric biopsy preoperatively...
August 23, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
İlhan Ece, Hüseyin Yılmaz, Mustafa Şahin
The problem of revision of failed vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) has become a common situation in bariatric surgery. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has been recently used to revise failed restrictive procedures. This study presents a patient that is treated with Roux-n-Y gastric bypass because of mesh migration after SG for revision of failed VBG.
2016: Ulusal Cerrahi Dergisi
Nicolás Quezada, Julián Hernández, Gustavo Pérez, Mauricio Gabrielli, Alejandro Raddatz, Fernando Crovari
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is currently one of the most frequently performed bariatric interventions worldwide due to its simplicity and good weight loss results. Nevertheless, SG failure and complications are increasingly being observed as the number of procedures increases. OBJECTIVES: To report our results in converting SG to revisional laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (R-LRYGB). SETTING: University Hospital, Chile. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of our bariatric surgery database...
June 2, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Fabio Garofalo, Ronald Denis, Radu Pescarus, Henri Atlas, Simon L Bacon, Pierre Garneau
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has been proven to be a safe and effective treatment for obesity with BMI (body mass index) reduction, and resolution or lowering of obesity-related co-morbidities. The relative age limit for bariatric surgery has gradually been increased to 60 years of age and above. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) performed in older patients (≥65 years old). SETTING: University hospital...
May 26, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Noah J Switzer, Shahzeer Karmali, Richdeep S Gill, Vadim Sherman
Revisional bariatric procedures are increasingly common. With more primary procedures being performed to manage severe obesity and its complications, 5% to 8% of these procedures will fail, requiring revisional operation. Reasons for revisional bariatric surgery are either primary inadequate weight loss, defined as less than 25% excess body weight loss, or weight recidivism, defined as a gain of more than 10 kg based on the nadir weight; however, each procedure also has inherit specific complications that can also be indications for revision...
August 2016: Surgical Clinics of North America
Manuel Ferrer-Márquez, Manuel Ferrer-Ayza, Francisco Rubio-Gil, María José Torrente-Sánchez, Antonio Martínez Amo-Gámez
BACKGROUND: Attempts are being made in recent years to replace open surgery with endoscopic techniques in some obese patients when medical treatment fails, as they are considered to be less-invasive procedures. To date, there is little scientific evidence regarding their effectiveness. CLINICAL CASES: The cases are reported of 2 patients who attended our surgery looking for an effective bariatric surgical treatment after failed endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy after failure of an endoscopic technique does not offer great variation from the standard technique...
July 13, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Jennifer M Hensel, Keren Grosman Kaplan, Mehran Anvari, Valerie H Taylor
BACKGROUND: Studies worldwide have reported an increased prevalence of abuse histories among bariatric surgery candidates. The impact of abuse history on weight loss after surgery has not been examined in Canada. OBJECTIVES: Determine the prevalence of abuse and its impact on postoperative outcomes in Ontario, Canada. SETTING: Data from the Ontario Bariatric Registry. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of laparoscopic gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy surgeries from 2010 to 2014, for which any follow-up data were available (N = 6016)...
March 19, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
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