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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935809/intake-of-chocolate-liquor-increases-vascular-lesions-in-apoe-knockout-mice
#1
Narges Yazdekhasti, Corinna Brandsch, Frank Hirche, Julia Kühn, Anke Schloesser, Tuba Esatbeygolu, Patricia Huebbe, Sigfried Wolffram, Gerald Rimbach, Gabriele I Stangl
Cocoa polyphenols are thought to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Thus, cocoa-containing foods may have significant health benefits. Here, we studied the impact of chocolate liquor on vascular lesion development and plaque composition in a mouse model of atherosclerosis. Apolipoprotein E (apoE)-knockout mice were assigned to two groups and fed a Western diet that contained 250 g/kg of either chocolate liquor or a polyphenol-free isoenergetic control paste for 16 weeks. In addition to fat, protein and fibers, the chocolate liquor contained 2 g/kg of polyphenols...
September 21, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935146/effect-of-chocolate-and-mate-tea-on-the-lipid-profile-of-individuals-with-hiv-aids-on-antiretroviral-therapy-a-clinical-trial
#2
Suelen J Souza, Aline A Petrilli, Andrea M Teixeira, Patricia M Pontilho, Antonio A Carioca, Liania A Luzia, José M Souza, Nágila R Damasceno, Aluisio A Segurado, Patricia H Rondó
OBJECTIVE: HIV/AIDS is generally associated with dyslipidemia and oxidative imbalance, which are caused by the infection itself and by antiretroviral therapy (ART). The flavonoids, found in cocoa and yerba mate, have antioxidant and hypolipidemic properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the consumption of dark chocolate and mate tea on the lipid profiles of individuals with HIV/AIDS who are undergoing ART. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover clinical trial was conducted with 92 patients receiving ART for ≥6 mo and with viral suppression...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933419/the-cardiovascular-effects-of-cocoa-polyphenols-an-overview
#3
REVIEW
Ana Clara Aprotosoaie, Anca Miron, Adriana Trifan, Vlad Simon Luca, Irina-Iuliana Costache
Cocoa is a rich source of high-quality antioxidant polyphenols. They comprise mainly catechins (29%-38% of total polyphenols), anthocyanins (4% of total polyphenols) and proanthocyanidins (58%-65% of total polyphenols). A growing body of experimental and epidemiological evidence highlights that the intake of cocoa polyphenols may reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. Beyond antioxidant properties, cocoa polyphenols exert blood pressure lowering activity, antiplatelet, anti-inflammatory, metabolic and anti-atherosclerotic effects, and also improve endothelial function...
December 17, 2016: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930576/impact-of-chocolate-on-the-cardiovascular-health
#4
Maria Alessandra Gammone, Konstantinos Efthymakis, Francesca Romana Pluchinotta, Sonia Bergante, Guido Tettamanti, Graziano Riccioni, Nicolantonio D'Orazio
The antioxidants such as polyphenols, especially flavonols, present in large quantitites in cocoa, cause vasodilation, modulate inflammatory markers and cardiovascular health, and possess a range of protective cardiovascular effects. On the other hand, overconsumption of chocolate can lead to tachyarrhythmias, supraventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation due to its caffeine content. This review describes both the cardioprotective and adverse effects of chocolate and its constituents...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930173/polyphenols-from-root-tubercles-and-grains-cropped-in-brazil-chemical-and-nutritional-characterization-and-their-effects-on-human-health-and-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Diego Dos Santos Baião, Cyntia Silva de Freitas, Laidson Paes Gomes, Davi da Silva, Anna Carolina N T F Correa, Patricia Ribeiro Pereira, Eduardo Mere Del Aguila, Vania Margaret Flosi Paschoalin
Throughout evolution, plants have developed the ability to produce secondary phenolic metabolites, which are important for their interactions with the environment, reproductive strategies and defense mechanisms. These (poly)phenolic compounds are a heterogeneous group of natural antioxidants found in vegetables, cereals and leguminous that exert beneficial and protective actions on human health, playing roles such as enzymatic reaction inhibitors and cofactors, toxic chemicals scavengers and biochemical reaction substrates, increasing the absorption of essential nutrients and selectively inhibiting deleterious intestinal bacteria...
September 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919656/direct-valorisation-of-waste-cocoa-butter-triglycerides-via-catalytic-epoxidation-ring-opening-and-polymerisation
#6
Dorota D Plaza, Vinzent Strobel, Parminder Kaur Ks Heer, Andrew B Sellars, Seng-Soi Hoong, Andrew J Clark, Alexei A Lapkin
BACKGROUND: Development of circular economy requires significant advances in the technologies for valorisation of waste, as waste becomes new feedstock. Food waste is a particularly important feedstock, containing large variation of complex chemical functionality. Although most food waste sources are complex mixtures, waste from food processing, no longer suitable for the human food chain, may also represent relatively clean materials. One such material requiring valorisation is cocoa butter...
September 2017: Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915793/the-cacao-criollo-genome-v2-0-an-improved-version-of-the-genome-for-genetic-and-functional-genomic-studies
#7
X Argout, G Martin, G Droc, O Fouet, K Labadie, E Rivals, J M Aury, C Lanaud
BACKGROUND: Theobroma cacao L., native to the Amazonian basin of South America, is an economically important fruit tree crop for tropical countries as a source of chocolate. The first draft genome of the species, from a Criollo cultivar, was published in 2011. Although a useful resource, some improvements are possible, including identifying misassemblies, reducing the number of scaffolds and gaps, and anchoring un-anchored sequences to the 10 chromosomes. METHODS: We used a NGS-based approach to significantly improve the assembly of the Belizian Criollo B97-61/B2 genome...
September 15, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898738/different-magnesium-release-profiles-from-w-o-w-emulsions-based-on-crystallized-oils
#8
Sameh Herzi, Wafa Essafi
Water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) double emulsions based on crystallized oils were prepared and the release kinetics of magnesium ions from the internal to the external aqueous phase was investigated at T=4°C, for different crystallized lipophilic matrices. All the emulsions were formulated using the same surface-active species, namely polyglycerol polyricinoleate (oil-soluble) and sodium caseinate (water-soluble). The external aqueous phase was a lactose or glucose solution at approximately the same osmotic pressure as that of the inner droplets, in order to avoid osmotic water transfer phenomena...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893620/protective-effects-of-tea-red-wine-and-cocoa-in-diabetes-evidences-from-human-studies
#9
REVIEW
Maria Angeles Martin, Luis Goya, Sonia Ramos
Prevention of diabetes through the diet has recently received an increasing interest, and polyphenolic compounds, such as flavanols, have become important potential chemopreventive natural agents due to their proved benefits on health, with low toxicity and cost. Tea, red wine and cocoa are good sources of flavanols and these highly consumed foods might contribute to prevent diabetes. In this regard, there is increasing evidence for a protective effect of tea, red wine and cocoa consumption against this disorder...
September 8, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891383/a-hypothesis-moderate-consumption-of-alcoholic-beverages-contributes-to-lower-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-t2dm-due-to-scavenging-of-%C3%AE-dicarbonyls-by-several-classes-of-dietary-phytochemicals
#10
Benjamin S Szwergold
The world is experiencing an epidemic of Type-2-Diabetes (T2DM). This has led to increased morbidity and mortality, explosive growth in heath-care budgets and has an even greater, if indirect, impact on societies and economies of the affected countries. While genetic susceptibility to T2DM is a major determinant of its prevalence, changes in life-styles also play a role. One such change has been a transition from traditional diets characterized by low caloric and high nutrient density to calorie-rich but nutrient-poor Western diets...
September 11, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865146/cocoa-agroforestry-is-less-resilient-to-sub-optimal-and-extreme-climate-than-cocoa-in-full-sun
#11
Issaka Abdulai, Philippe Vaast, Munir P Hoffmann, Richard Asare, Laurence Jassogne, Piet Van Asten, Reimund P Rötter, Sophie Graefe
Cocoa agroforestry is perceived as potential adaptation strategy to sub-optimal or adverse environmental conditions such as drought. We tested this strategy over wet, dry and extremely dry periods comparing cocoa in full sun with agroforestry systems: shaded by (i) a leguminous tree species, Albizia ferruginea and (ii) Antiaris toxicaria, the most common shade tree species in the region. We monitored micro-climate, sap flux density, throughfall and soil water content from November 2014 to March 2016 at the forest-savannah transition zone of Ghana with climate and drought events during the study period serving as proxy for projected future climatic conditions in marginal cocoa cultivation areas of West Africa...
September 2, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863367/monomeric-cocoa-catechins-enhance-%C3%AE-cell-function-by-increasing-mitochondrial-respiration
#12
Thomas J Rowley, Benjamin F Bitner, Jason D Ray, Daniel R Lathen, Andrew T Smithson, Blake W Dallon, Chase J Plowman, Benjamin T Bikman, Jason M Hansen, Melanie R Dorenkott, Katheryn M Goodrich, Liyun Ye, Sean F O'Keefe, Andrew P Neilson, Jeffery S Tessem
A hallmark of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is β-cell dysfunction and the eventual loss of functional β-cell mass. Therefore, mechanisms that improve or preserve β-cell function could be used to improve the quality of life of individuals with T2D. Studies have shown that monomeric, oligomeric and polymeric cocoa flavanols have different effects on obesity, insulin resistance and glucose tolerance. We hypothesized that these cocoa flavanols may have beneficial effects on β-cell function. INS-1 832/13-derived β-cells and primary rat islets cultured with a monomeric catechin-rich cocoa flavanol fraction demonstrated enhanced glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, while cells cultured with total cocoa extract and with oligomeric or polymeric procyanidin-rich fraction demonstrated no improvement...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863341/acetic-acid-bacteria-in-fermented-foods-and-beverages
#13
REVIEW
Jonas De Roos, Luc De Vuyst
Although acetic acid bacteria (AAB) are commonly found in spontaneous or backslopped fermented foods and beverages, rather limited knowledge about their occurrence and functional role in natural food fermentation ecosystems is available. Not only is their cultivation, isolation, and identification difficult, their cells are often present in a viable but not culturable state. Yet, they are promising starter cultures either to better control known food fermentation processes or to produce novel fermented foods and beverages...
August 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862841/environmental-impacts-and-hotspots-of-food-losses-value-chain-analysis-of-swiss-food-consumption
#14
Claudio Beretta, Matthias Stucki, Stefanie Hellweg
Reducing food losses and waste is crucial to making our food system more efficient and sustainable. This is the first paper that quantifies the environmental impacts of food waste by distinguishing the various stages of the food value chain, 33 food categories that represent the whole food basket in Switzerland, and including food waste treatment. Environmental impacts are expressed in terms of climate change and biodiversity impacts due to water and land use. Climate change impacts of food waste are highest for fresh vegetables, due to the large amounts wasted, while the specific impact per kg is largest for beef...
September 1, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858747/soil-cadmium-uptake-by-cocoa-in-honduras
#15
A Gramlich, S Tandy, C Gauggel, M López, D Perla, V Gonzalez, R Schulin
Cadmium (Cd) is a trace metal without essential biological functions that is toxic to plants, animals and humans at low concentrations. It occurs naturally in soils, but inputs from anthropogenic sources have increased soil Cd contents worldwide. Cadmium uptake by cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) has recently attracted attention, after the European Union (EU) decided to bring into force values for maximum Cd concentrations in cocoa products that would be exceeded by current products of various provenances from Latin America...
August 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836117/using-goat-s-milk-barley-flour-honey-and-probiotic-to-manufacture-of-functional-dairy-product
#16
Magdy Mohamed Ismail, Mohamed Farid Hamad, Esraa Mohamed Elraghy
Stirred yogurt manufactured using probiotic culture which usually called Rayeb milk in the Middle East region is one of the most important functional fermented milk products. To increase the health and functionality properties to this product, some ingredients like fruits, cereal, and whey protein are used in production. This study was carried out to prepare functional Rayeb milk from goat's milk, barley flour (15%) and honey (4%) mixtures using ABT culture. Also, vanilla and cocoa powder were used as flavorings...
August 23, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828254/genome-wide-identification-of-cbl-family-and-expression-analysis-of-cbls-in-response-to-potassium-deficiency-in-cotton
#17
Tingting Lu, Gaofeng Zhang, Lirong Sun, Ji Wang, Fushun Hao
Calcineurin B-like (CBL) proteins, as calcium sensors, play pivotal roles in plant responses to diverse abiotic stresses and in growth and development through interaction with CBL-interacting protein kinases (CIPKs). However, knowledge about functions and evolution of CBLs in Gossypium plants is scarce. Here, we conducted a genome-wide survey and identified 13, 13 and 22 CBL genes in the progenitor diploid Gossypium arboreum and Gossypium raimondii, and the cultivated allotetraploid Gossypium hirsutum, respectively...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812379/dietary-polyphenols-for-atherosclerosis-a-comprehensive-review-and-future-perspectives
#18
Roodabeh Bahramsoltani, Farnaz Ebrahimi, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Armaghan Baratpourmoghaddam, Pardis Ahmadi Borkani, Pourouchista Rostamiasrabadi, Amir Hosein Rasouli Amirabadi, Roja Rahimi
Atherosclerosis is one of the most prevalent reasons for premature death in adults. Despite the several conventional drugs in the market; many patients are not completely treated. Here we comprehensively review current clinical evidence regarding the efficacy of dietary polyphenols in atherosclerosis and related complications. PubMed, Cochrane library and Scopus were searched from inception until August 2016 to obtain clinical trials in which polyphenols were evaluated in cardiovascular parameters related to atherosclerosis...
August 16, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811749/acute-cocoa-flavanols-intake-has-minimal-effects-on-exercise-induced-oxidative-stress-and-nitric-oxide-production-in-healthy-cyclists-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Lieselot Decroix, Cajsa Tonoli, Danusa Dias Soares, Amandine Descat, Marie-José Drittij-Reijnders, Antje R Weseler, Aalt Bast, Wilhelm Stahl, Elsa Heyman, Romain Meeusen
BACKGROUND: Cocoa flavanols (CF) can stimulate vasodilation by improved nitric oxide (NO) synthesis and have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacities. This study aimed to examine whether acute CF intake can affect exercise-induced changes in antioxidant capacity, oxidative stress, inflammation and NO production, as well as exercise performance and recovery in well-trained cyclists. METHODS: Twelve well-trained male cyclists (mean ± SD age, VO2max: 30 ± 3 years, 63...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808659/functional-profile-evaluation-of-lactobacillus-fermentum-tcuesc01-a-new-potential-probiotic-strain-isolated-during-cocoa-fermentation
#20
Tauá Alves Melo, Thalis Ferreira Dos Santos, Lennon Ramos Pereira, Hélic Moreira Passos, Rachel Passos Rezende, Carla Cristina Romano
The use of intestinal probiotic bacteria is very common in the food industry and has been the focus of the majority of research in this field. Yet in recent years, research on extraintestinal microorganisms has greatly increased due to their well-known potential as probiotics. Thus, we studied a strain of Lactobacillus fermentum (TCUESC01) extracted from fermenting cocoa. First, we examined the impact of pH on the growth of this strain and studied its survival under conditions similar to those of the human gastrointestinal tract...
2017: BioMed Research International
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