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Bruker X-ray

Eduardo Inocente Jussiani, Paulo José Dos Reis, Carlos Roberto Appoloni
X-ray microtomography is a 3D non-destructive method which, through digital images, enables a view of the internal structure of samples. Recently, researchers have been extensively performing various methods in the attempt to determine the chemical composition of materials. This paper brings further insight into this matter and proposes a new experimental method for determining the internal chemical composition of samples. Using a set of standard samples, calibration curves can be created that allow to relate the average gray scale of a sample obtained through microtomographic images to the value of ρZeff(m)...
October 2016: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
Victoria Gómez-Murcia, Alejandro Torrecillas, Ana M deGodos, Senena Corbalán-García, Juan C Gómez-Fernández
Here we present some of our data about the interaction of idebenone and idebenol with dipalmitoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC). In particular, we include data of small angle X-ray diffraction (SAXD) and wide angle X-ray diffraction experiments, obtention of electronic profiles of the membranes, (2)H-NMR and (31)P-NMR, as part of the research article: "Both idebenone and idebenol are localized near the lipid-water interface of the membrane and increase its fluidity" (Gomez-Murcia et al., 2016) [1]. These data were obtained from model membranes that included different proportions of idebenone and idebenol, at temperatures both above and below of the gel to fluid phase...
June 2016: Data in Brief
Oana Carmen Drăgan, Alexandru Ştefan Fărcăşanu, Radu Septimiu Câmpian, Romulus Valeriu Flaviu Turcu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Visualization of the internal and external root canal morphology is very important for a successful endodontic treatment; however, it seems to be difficult considering the small size of the tooth and the complexity of the root canal system. Film-based or digital conventional radiographic techniques as well as cone beam computed tomography provide limited information on the dental pulp anatomy or have harmful effects. A new non-invasive diagnosis tool is magnetic resonance imaging, due to its ability of imaging both hard and soft tissues...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
Alexandra Figueiredo, Tânia Fernandes, Isabel Margarida Costa, Luísa Gonçalves, José Brito
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (WDXRF) spectrometry for the measurement of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ir, Mn, Mo, Ni, Os, Pb, Pd, Pt, Rh, Ru and V impurities in pharmaceuticals and dietary supplements, in view of the requirements by EMA and USP for the measurement of elemental impurities in drug products and according to the International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH guidelines)...
April 15, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Ana Grasiela da Silva Limoeiro, Antônio Henrique Braitt Dos Santos, Alexandre Sigrist De Martin, Augusto Shoji Kato, Carlos Eduardo Fontana, Giulio Gavini, Laila Gonzales Freire, Carlos Eduardo da Silveira Bueno
INTRODUCTION: Cleaning and shaping without making procedural errors have always been a challenge in endodontics, particularly when the root canals are curved. Several rotary instruments have been developed to minimize such errors. The purpose of this study was to compare the shaping ability of 2 rotary file systems, BioRace (BR; FKG, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland) and ProTaper Next (PTN; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), during the preparation of curved root canals in extracted teeth using micro-computed tomographic imaging...
March 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Witold Bojar, Tomasz Ciach, Martyna Kucharska, Jan Maurin, Beata M Gruber, Jolanta Krzysztoń-Russjan, Irena Bubko, Elżbieta L Anuszewska
BACKGROUND: Alloplastic biomaterials are an alternative for autologous transplants and xenografts in oral surgery and dental implantology. These non-immunogenic and resorbable materials are becoming the basis for complete and predictable guided bone regeneration in many cases. The chemical composition of a great majority of them is based on calcium phosphate salts. In vivo performance is often variable. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to evaluate the biological and chemical properties of an experimental bone substitute material...
May 2015: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Mohd Anwar, Arvind Tripathi, Sushil Kumar Kar, K Chandra Sekhar
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the mechanical properties of beryllium-free nickel-chromium (Ni-Cr) dental casting alloy before and after each porcelain firing cycle (once fired, twice fired, and thrice fired) and to relate these properties to the microstructural changes and changes in X-ray diffraction patterns of Ni-Cr alloy that occur after each porcelain firing cycle. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty tensile bar specimens and 20 disc-shaped specimens of Ni-Cr alloy were prepared...
December 2015: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Laila Gonzales Freire, Elaine Faga Iglecias, Rodrigo Sanches Cunha, Marcelo Dos Santos, Giulio Gavini
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) and the EndoVac (EV) System (Discus Dental, Culver City, CA) in hard tissue debris removal and its influence on the quality of the root canal filling with the aid of micro-computed tomographic scanner. METHODS: Twenty-four mandibular molars were subjected to 4 microtomographic scannings (ie, before and after instrumentation, after final irrigation, and after obturation) using the SkyScan 1176 X-ray microtomograph (Bruker microCT, Kontich, Belgium) at a resolution of 17...
October 2015: Journal of Endodontics
Lennard Krause, Regine Herbst-Irmer, George M Sheldrick, Dietmar Stalke
The quality of diffraction data obtained using silver and molybdenum microsources has been compared for six model compounds with a wide range of absorption factors. The experiments were performed on two 30 W air-cooled Incoatec IµS microfocus sources with multilayer optics mounted on a Bruker D8 goniometer with a SMART APEX II CCD detector. All data were analysed, processed and refined using standard Bruker software. The results show that Ag Kα radiation can be beneficial when heavy elements are involved...
February 1, 2015: Journal of Applied Crystallography
R Bakirova, S Fasylov, O Nurkenov, L Muravlyova, A Gakupova
Studying of synthesis and anti-inflammatory activity of a number of new derivatives of N-acylsubstituted of thiosemicarbazide and product of their heterocyclization (thiadiazole). In work the following reagents are used: hydrazide of N-morfolinilacetic acids, allil-, benzoil-, 4-brom-benzoil isothiocyanates. IR spectrums of compounds are removed on a spectrometer from Fourier converter by "AVATAR-320" in tablets with KBr, 1H NMR spectra were recorded on Bruker DRX500 spectrometer with a frequency of 500 MHz in DMSO-d6 solution relative to internal tetramethylsilane standard...
March 2015: Georgian Medical News
Adam Round, Franck Felisaz, Lukas Fodinger, Alexandre Gobbo, Julien Huet, Cyril Villard, Clement E Blanchet, Petra Pernot, Sean McSweeney, Manfred Roessle, Dmitri I Svergun, Florent Cipriani
Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) of macromolecules in solution is in increasing demand by an ever more diverse research community, both academic and industrial. To better serve user needs, and to allow automated and high-throughput operation, a sample changer (BioSAXS Sample Changer) that is able to perform unattended measurements of up to several hundred samples per day has been developed. The Sample Changer is able to handle and expose sample volumes of down to 5 µl with a measurement/cleaning cycle of under 1 min...
January 1, 2015: Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Biological Crystallography
Eduardo Inocente Jussiani, Carlos Roberto Appoloni
Microtomography, as a non-destructive technique, has become an important tool in studies of internal properties of materials. Recently, interest using this methodology in characterizing the samples with respect to their compositions, especially rocks, has grown. Two physical properties, density and effective atomic number, are important in determining the composition of rocks. In this work, six samples of materials with densities that varied from 2.42 to 6.84g/cm(3) and effective atomic numbers from 15.0 to 77...
March 2015: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
Masahiro Ishida, Satoru Yoshioka, Tomokazu Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Yasuda, Syo Matsumura
Magnesium alloys containing rare earth elements are attractive as lightweight structural materials due to their low density, high-specific strength and recycling efficiency. Mg-Zn-Gd system is one of promising systems because of their high creep-resistant property[1]. It is reported that the coherent precipitation formation of the 14H long period stacking ordered structure (LPSO) in Mg-Zn-Gd system at temperatures higher than 623 K[2,3]. In this study, the 14H LPSO phase formed in Mg-Zn-Gd alloys were investigated by multi-scale characterization with X-ray computer tomography (X-CT), focused ion beam (FIB) tomography and aberration-corrected STEM observation for further understanding of the LPSO formation mechanism...
November 2014: Microscopy
Caroline Jung, Tanja Dučić, Rudolph Reimer, Eva Koziolek, Fabian Kording, Markus Heine, Gerhard Adam, Harald Ittrich, Michael G Kaul
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of noninvasive monitoring of plaque burden in apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE-/-) mice by Gadospin F (GDF)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Gadolinium uptake in plaques was controlled using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and x-ray fluorescence (XRF) microscopy. To monitor the progression of atherosclerosis, ApoE-/- (n  =  5) and wild-type (n  =  2) mice were fed a Western diet and imaged at 5, 10, 15, and 20 weeks. Contrast-enhanced MRI was performed at 7 T Clinscan (Bruker, Ettlingen, Germany) before and 2 hours after intravenous injection of GDF (100 μmol/kg) to determine the blood clearance...
2014: Molecular Imaging
Katarzyna N Jarzembska, Radosław Kamiński, Lukasz Dobrzycki, Michał K Cyrański
The aim of this study was to test the applicability of a Bruker AXS CMOS-type PHOTON 100 detector for the purpose of a fine charge density quality data collection. A complex crystal containing oxalic acid, ammonium oxalate and two water molecules was chosen as a test case. The data was collected up to a resolution of 1.31 Å(-1) with high completeness (89.1%; Rmrg = 0.0274). The multipolar refinement and subsequent quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) analysis resulted in a comprehensive description of the charge density distribution in the crystal studied...
October 2014: Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
Alexander Romanyukha, François Trompier, Ricardo A Reyes, Doran M Christensen, Carol J Iddins, Stephen L Sugarman
In this paper, we report results of radiation dose measurements in fingernails of a worker who sustained a radiation injury to his right thumb while using 130 kVp X-ray for nondestructive testing. Clinically estimated absorbed dose was about 20-25 Gy. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) dose assessment was independently carried out by two laboratories, the Naval Dosimetry Center (NDC) and French Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN). The laboratories used different equipments and protocols to estimate doses in the same fingernail samples...
November 2014: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
Aline A Neves, Siegfried Jaecques, Annelies Van Ende, Marcio Vivan Cardoso, Eduardo Coutinho, Anne-Katrin Lührs, Francesca Zicari, Bart Van Meerbeek
OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility of a 3D-microleakage protocol for the evaluation of various configurations of adhesive-tooth interfaces. METHODS: Three different kinds of specimens were prepared: (1) a Class-I composite restoration placed without any bonding to maximize gap formation at the interface; (2) a glass-fiber post cemented with a self-adhesive composite cement into a prepared root canal; and (3) inlay MOD composite restorations placed with either a 1-step self-adhesive or a 2-step etch-and-rinse composite cement...
August 2014: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Erick K Towett, Keith D Shepherd, Georg Cadisch
Total X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (TXRF) determines concentrations of major and trace elements in multiple media. We developed and tested a method for the use of TXRF for direct quantification of total element concentrations in soils using an S2 PICOFOX™ spectrometer (Bruker AXS Microanalysis GmbH, Germany). We selected 15 contrasting soil samples from across sub-Saharan Africa for element analysis to calibrate the instrument against concentrations determined using the inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) standard method...
October 1, 2013: Science of the Total Environment
Harry Gebhard, Robby Bowles, Jonathan Dyke, Tatianna Saleh, Stephen Doty, Lawrence Bonassar, Roger Härtl
STUDY TYPE:  Basic science Introduction:  Chronic back pain due to degenerative disc disease (DDD) is among the most important medical conditions causing morbidity and significant health care costs. Surgical treatment options include disc replacement or fusion surgery, but are associated with significant short- and long-term risks.1 Biological tissue-engineering of human intervertebral discs (IVD) could offer an important alternative.2 Recent in vitro data from our group have shown successful engineering and growth of ovine intervertebral disc composites with circumferentially aligned collagen fibrils in the annulus fibrosus (AF) (Figure 1)...
August 2010: Evidence-based Spine-care Journal
James H Tabibian, Slobodan I Macura, Steven P O'Hara, Jeff L Fidler, James F Glockner, Naoki Takahashi, Val J Lowe, Bradley J Kemp, Prasanna K Mishra, Pamela S Tietz, Patrick L Splinter, Christy E Trussoni, Nicholas F LaRusso
The cholangiopathies are a diverse group of biliary tract disorders, many of which lack effective treatment. Murine models are an important tool for studying their pathogenesis, but existing noninvasive methods for assessing biliary disease in vivo are not optimal. Here we report our experience with using micro-computed tomography (microCT) and nuclear magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to develop a technique for live-mouse cholangiography. Using mdr2 knockout (mdr2KO, a model for primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC)), bile duct-ligated (BDL), and normal mice, we performed in vivo: (1) microCT on a Siemens Inveon PET/CT scanner and (2) MR on a Bruker Avance 16...
June 2013: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
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