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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923670/early-and-progressive-microstructural-brain-changes-in-mice-overexpressing-human-%C3%AE-synuclein-detected-by-diffusion-kurtosis-imaging
#1
Amit Khairnar, Jana Ruda-Kucerova, Nikoletta Szabó, Eva Drazanova, Anas Arab, Birgit Hutter-Paier, Joerg Neddens, Peter Latta, Zenon Starcuk, Irena Rektorova
Diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) is sensitive in detecting α-Synuclein (α-Syn) accumulation-associated microstructural changes at late stages of the pathology in α-Syn overexpressing TNWT-61 mice. The aim of this study was to perform DKI in young TNWT-61 mice when α-Syn starts to accumulate and to compare the imaging results with an analysis of motor and memory impairment and α-Syn levels. Three-month-old (3mo) and six-month-old (6mo) mice underwent DKI scanning using the Bruker Avance 9.4 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging system...
December 3, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919649/maldi-tof-ms-identification-of-species-from-the-acinetobacter-baumannii-ab-group-revisited-inclusion-of-the-novel-a-seifertii-and-a-dijkshoorniae-species
#2
Marta Marí-Almirall, Clara Cosgaya, Paul G Higgins, Ado Van Assche, Murat Telli, Geert Huys, Bart Lievens, Harald Seifert, Lenie Dijkshoorn, Ignasi Roca, Jordi Vila
OBJECTIVES: Rapid identification of Acinetobacter species is critical since members of the A. baumannii (Ab) group differ in antibiotic susceptibility and clinical outcomes. A. baumannii, A. pittii and A. nosocomialis can be identified by MALDI-TOF/MS, while the novel species A. seifertii and A. dijkshoorniae cannot. Low identification rates for A. nosocomialis have also been reported. We evaluated the use of MALDI-TOF/MS to identify isolates of A. seifertii and A. dijkshoorniae and revisited the identification of A...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895585/feto-maternal-trafficking-of-exosomes-in-murine-pregnancy-models
#3
Samantha Sheller-Miller, Jun Lei, George Saade, Carlos Salomon, Irina Burd, Ramkumar Menon
Timing and initiation of labor are well-orchestrated by signals communicated between the fetal and maternal compartments; however, how these signals are communicated is not completely understood. Fetal exosomes, intercellular signaling vesicles, may play a key role in the process. The objective of this study was to evaluate exosome trafficking in vivo from fetal to maternal compartments. Pregnant CD-1 mice were intra-amniotically injected on gestational day 16 and 17 with exosomes isolated from primary human amnion epithelial cells fluorescently labeled with the lipophilic dye 1,1-dioctadecyl-3,3,3,3-tetramethylindotricarbocyanine iodide (DiR)...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891048/metabolic-signatures-of-lung-cancer-in-sputum-and-exhaled-breath-condensate-detected-by-1-h-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-a-feasibility-study
#4
Naseer Ahmed, Tedros Bezabeh, Omkar B Ijare, Renelle Myers, Reem Alomran, Michel Aliani, Zoann Nugent, Shantanu Banerji, Julian Kim, Gefei Qing, Zoheir Bshouty
OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer is one of the most lethal cancers. Currently, there are no biomarkers for early detection, monitoring treatment response, and detecting recurrent lung cancer. We undertook this study to determine if (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of sputum and exhaled breath condensate (EBC), as a noninvasive tool, can identify metabolic biomarkers of lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sputum and EBC samples were collected from 20 patients, comprising patients with pathologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (n = 10) and patients with benign respiratory conditions (n = 10)...
2016: Magnetic Resonance Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868301/exploring-maldi-tof-ms-approach-for-a-rapid-identification-of-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis-field-isolates
#5
M Ricchi, A Mazzarelli, A Piscini, A Di Caro, A Cannas, S Leo, S Russo, N Arrigoni
AIMS: The aim of the study was to explore the suitability of MALDI-TOF MS for a rapid and correct identification of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) field isolates. METHODS AND RESULTS: MALDI-TOF MS approach is becoming one of the most popular tests for the identification of intact bacterial cells which has been shown to be fast and reliable. For this purpose, 36 MAP field isolates were analysed through MALDI-TOF MS and the spectra compared with two different databases: one provided by the vendor of the system employed (Biotyper Version 3...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863949/imipenem-avibactam-a-novel-combination-for-the-rapid-detection-of-carbapenemase-activity-in-enterobacteriaceae-and-acinetobacter-baumannii-by-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#6
Marina Oviaño, Germán Bou
In the present study, we propose a novel matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS)-based method for detecting carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae and Acinetobacter baumannii. For this, we analyzed a series of 131 isolates. Among them, a total of 115 Enterobacteriaceae: 79 of them carrying a carbapenemase enzyme (15blaKPC, 7blaNDM, 11blaIMP, 12blaVIM, and 34blaOXA-48) and 16 A. baumannii isolates: 15 of them carrying carbapenemases (10blaOXA-23, 2blaOXA-58, 2blaOXA-24, and 1blaOXA-237)...
October 18, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837329/highly-crosslinked-polyethylene-a-safe-alternative-to-conventional-polyethylene-for-dual-mobility-cup-mobile-component-a-biomechanical-validation
#7
Matthieu Malatray, Jean-Paul Roux, Stanislas Gunst, Vincent Pibarot, Julien Wegrzyn
PURPOSE: Dual mobility cup (DMC) consists of a cobalt-chromium (CoCr) alloy cup articulated with a polyethylene (PE) mobile component capturing the femoral head in force using a snap-fit technique. This biomechanical study was the first to evaluate and compare the generation of cracks in the retentive area of DMC mobile components made of highly crosslinked PE (XLPE) or conventional ultra-high molecular weight PE (UHMWPE). METHODS: Eighty mobile components designed for a 52-mm diameter Symbol® DMC (Dedienne Santé, Mauguio, France) and a 28-mm diameter femoral head were analyzed...
November 11, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798637/the-technical-and-biological-reproducibility-of-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-maldi-tof-ms-based-typing-employment-of-bioinformatics-in-a-multicenter-study
#8
Michael Oberle, Nadia Wohlwend, Daniel Jonas, Florian P Maurer, Geraldine Jost, Sarah Tschudin-Sutter, Katleen Vranckx, Adrian Egli
BACKGROUND: The technical, biological, and inter-center reproducibility of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI TOF MS) typing data has not yet been explored. The aim of this study is to compare typing data from multiple centers employing bioinformatics using bacterial strains from two past outbreaks and non-related strains. MATERIAL/METHODS: Participants received twelve extended spectrum betalactamase-producing E. coli isolates and followed the same standard operating procedure (SOP) including a full-protein extraction protocol...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796646/streptococcus-bovis-new-taxonomy-does-subspecies-distinction-matter
#9
E Ben-Chetrit, Y Wiener-Well, L Kashat, A M Yinnon, M V Assous
Bacteremia with Streptococcus bovis/equinus complex strains is associated with hepatobiliary disease, colorectal lesions (CL), and infective endocarditis (IE). This study addressed the clinical significance of subspecies distinction of previously designated S. bovis blood culture isolates according to the updated nomenclature. During 2002-2013, all blood culture isolates previously designated as S. bovis were recultured and identified using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and MALDI-TOF (Bruker BioTyper and Vitek MS, bioMérieux)...
October 28, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779126/mr-compatibility-of-a-high-resolution-small-animal-pet-insert-operating-inside-a-7-t-mri
#10
J D Thiessen, E Shams, G Stortz, G Schellenberg, D Bishop, M S Khan, P Kozlowski, F Retière, V Sossi, C J Thompson, A L Goertzen
A full-ring PET insert consisting of 16 PET detector modules was designed and constructed to fit within the 114 mm diameter gradient bore of a Bruker 7 T MRI. The individual detector modules contain two silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) arrays, dual-layer offset LYSO crystal arrays, and high-definition multimedia interface (HDMI) cables for both signal and power transmission. Several different RF shielding configurations were assessed prior to construction of a fully assembled PET insert using a combination of carbon fibre and copper foil for RF shielding...
November 21, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771394/bacteroides-pyogenes-causing-serious-human-wound-infection-from-animal-bites
#11
Jillian S Y Lau, Tony M Korman, Alex Yeung, Richard Streitberg, Michelle J Francis, Maryza Graham
Bacteroides pyogenes is part of the normal oral flora of domestic animals. There is one previous report of human infection, with B. pyogenes bacteremia following a cat bite (Madsen 2011). We report seven severe human infections where B. pyogenes was identified by Bruker matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDTI-TOF MS), but not by VITEK MS and was misidentified by VITEK ANC card.
December 2016: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769752/cortical-bone-thickening-in-type-a-posterior-atlas-arch-defects-experimental-report
#12
Juan A Sanchis-Gimeno, Susanna Llido, David Guede, Francisco Martinez-Soriano, Jose R Caeiro, Esther Blanco-Perez
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: To date, no information about the cortical bone microstructural properties in atlas vertebrae with posterior arch defects has been reported. PURPOSE: To test if there is an increased cortical bone thickening in atlases with Type A posterior atlas arch defects in an experimental model. STUDY DESIGN: Micro-computed tomography study on cadaveric atlas vertebrae. METHODS: We analyzed the cortical bone thickness, the cortical volume, and the medullary volume (SkyScan 1172 Bruker micro-CT NV, Kontich, Belgium) in cadaveric dry vertebrae with a Type A atlas arch defect and normal control vertebrae...
October 18, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720207/identification-antimicrobial-resistance-and-molecular-characterization-of-the-human-emerging-pathogen-streptococcus-gallolyticus-subsp-pasteurianus
#13
Giovanni Gherardi, Claudio Palmieri, Emanuela Marini, Arianna Pompilio, Valentina Crocetta, Giovanni Di Bonaventura, Roberta Creti, Bruna Facinelli
This study aimed to retrospectively identify 22Streptococcus bovis clinical strains based on the new taxonomy, as well as to investigate their antibiotic-resistance and clonality. Strains were identified by Phoenix100 system, 16S rRNA sequencing, and two MALDI-TOF MS platforms (Bruker Biotyper, Vitek MS). Antibiotic resistance was determined both phenotypically and genotypically, and clonality was assessed by PFGE. Most of strains (63.6%) were isolated from urine, and diabetes was the most common underlying disease (31...
September 24, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713213/identification-of-uncommon-candida-species-using-commercial-identification-system
#14
Tae-Hyoung Kim, Oh Joo Kweon, Hye Ryoun Kim, Mi-Kyung Lee
Recently, several studies have revealed that commercial microbial identification systems do not accurately identify the uncommon causative species of candidiasis, including Candida famata, Meyerozyma guilliermondii, and C. auris. We investigated the accuracy of species-level identification in a collection of clinical isolates previously identified as C. famata (N=38), C. lusitaniae (N=12), and M. guilliermondii (N=5) by the Vitek 2 system. All 55 isolates were re-analyzed by the Phoenix system (Becton Dickinson Diagnostics), two matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) analyzers (a Vitek MS and a Bruker Biotyper), and by sequencing of internal transcribed space (ITS) regions or 26S rRNA gene D1/D2 domains...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707676/erysipelothrix-rhusiopathiae-bacteremia-a-challenging-diagnosis
#15
Maïté Micaelo, Pascal Rasmy, Marlène Amara, Juliette Lambert, Aymeric Coutard, Béatrice Pangon
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, a Gram-positive bacillus, is reported to cause for cutaneous infections and endocarditis. We report a case of E. rhusiopathiae bacteremia without severe clinical illness. The patient, a 74-year-old man, is suffering from a chronic lymphoid leukemia (LLC). Following a trauma, the patient developed a bruise on the left inch. Because the site of shock seemed clinically infected, oral amoxicilline-acid clavulanic (AAC) treatment was started after withdrawn 1 set of blood cultures. These blood culture specimens yielded a Gram-positive bacillus identified as E...
October 1, 2016: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695442/applicability-of-an-in-house-saponin-based-extraction-method-in-bruker-biotyper-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-system-for-identification-of-bacterial-and-fungal-species-in-positively-flagged-blood-cultures
#16
Jung-Yien Chien, Tai-Fen Lee, Shin-Hei Du, Shih-Hua Teng, Chun-Hsing Liao, Wang-Hui Sheng, Lee-Jene Teng, Po-Ren Hsueh
We used an in-house saponin-based extraction method to evaluate the performance of the Bruker Biotyper matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/MS) system for the identification of bacteria and fungi in 405 positively flagged blood culture bottles. Results obtained from MALDI-TOF/MS were compared with those obtained using conventional phenotypic identification methods. Of the 405 positively flagged blood culture bottles, 365 showed monomicrobal growth and were correctly identified to the species (72...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689421/diffusion-tensor-imaging-as-a-biomarker-for-assessing-neuronal-stem-cell-treatments-affecting-areas-distal-to-the-site-of-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Michael B Jirjis, Chris Valdez, Aditya Vedantam, Brian D Schmit, Shekar N Kurpad
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to determine if the morphological and functional changes induced by neural stem cell (NSC) grafts after transplantation into the rodent spinal cord can be detected using MR diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and, furthermore, if the DTI-derived mean diffusivity (MD) metric could be a biomarker for cell transplantation in spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS A spinal contusion was produced at the T-8 vertebral level in 40 Sprague Dawley rats that were separated into 4 groups, including a sham group (injury without NSC injection), NSC control group (injury with saline injection), co-injection control group (injury with Prograf), and the experimental group (injury with NSC and Prograf injection)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686399/pharmacokinetic-properties-in-vitro-metabolism-and-plasma-protein-binding-of-govaniadine-an-alkaloid-isolated-from-corydalis-govaniana-wall
#18
Lucas M M Marques, Daniel R Callejon, Larissa G Pinto, Michel L de Campos, Anderson R M de Oliveira, Ricardo Vessecchi, Achyut Adhikari, Ram L S Shrestha, Rosangela G Peccinini, Norberto P Lopes
Govaniadine (GOV) is an alkaloid isolated from Corydalis govaniana Wall. It has been reported to show a different number of biological activities including anti-urease, leishmanicidal and antinociceptive. The present study aims to characterize the GOV in vitro metabolism after incubation with rat and human liver microsomes (RLM and HLM, respectively) and to evaluate its pharmacokinetic properties. The identification of GOV metabolites was conducted by different mass analyzers: a micrOTOF II-ESI-ToF Bruker Daltonics(®) and an amaZon-SL ion trap (IT) Bruker Daltonics(®)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651926/metabolomic-profiling-predicts-outcome-of-rituximab-therapy-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
Shannon R Sweeney, Arthur Kavanaugh, Alessia Lodi, Bo Wang, David Boyle, Stefano Tiziani, Monica Guma
To determine whether characterisation of patients' metabolic profiles, utilising nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectrometry (MS), could predict response to rituximab therapy. 23 patients with active, seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on concomitant methotrexate were treated with rituximab. Patients were grouped into responders and non-responders according to the American College of Rheumatology improvement criteria, at a 20% level at 6 months. A Bruker Avance 700 MHz spectrometer and a Thermo Scientific Q Exactive Hybrid Quadrupole-Orbitrap mass spectrometer were used to acquire (1)H-NMR and ultra high pressure liquid chromatography (UPLC)-MS/MS spectra, respectively, of serum samples before and after rituximab therapy...
2016: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626898/comparison-of-ex-vivo-and-in-vivo-micro-computed-tomography-of-rat-tibia-at-different-scanning-settings
#20
Amanda B Longo, Phil L Salmon, Wendy E Ward
The parameters of a micro-computed tomography (μCT) scan, including whether a bone is imaged in vivo or ex vivo, determine the quality of the resulting image. In turn, this impacts the accuracy of the trabecular and cortical outcomes. The absolute impact of μCT scanning at different voxel sizes and whether the sample is imaged in vivo or ex vivo on the morphological outcomes of the proximal tibia in the rat is unknown. The right proximal tibia of 6-month-old Sham-control and ovariectomized (OVX) rats (n = 8/group) was scanned using μCT (SkyScan 1176, Bruker, Kontich, Belgium) using three sets of parameters (9 μm ex vivo, 18 μm ex vivo, 18 μm in vivo) to compare the trabecular and cortical outcomes...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
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