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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444330/increased-species-assignment-of-filamentous-fungi-using-maldi-tof-ms-coupled-with-a-simplified-sample-processing-and-an-in-house-library
#1
M E Zvezdanova, P Escribano, A Ruiz, M C Martínez-Jiménez, T Peláez, A Collazos, J Guinea, E Bouza, B Rodríguez-Sánchez
In this study we evaluated the capacity of MALDI-TOF MS (Bruker Daltonics, Bremen, Germany) to identify clinical mould isolates. We focused on two aspects of MALDI-TOF MS identification: the sample processing and the database. Direct smearing of the sample was compared with a simplified processing consisting of mechanical lysis of the moulds followed by a protein extraction step. Both methods were applied to all isolates and the Filamentous Fungi Library 1.0 (Bruker Daltonics) was used for their identification...
February 9, 2018: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438105/magnetic-resonance-and-photoacoustic-imaging-of-brain-tumor-mediated-by-mesenchymal-stem-cell-labeled-with-multifunctional-nanoparticle-introduced-via-carotid-artery-injection
#2
Yang Qiao, Joy Gumin, Christopher MacLellan, Feng Gao, Richard Bouchard, Frederick Lang, R Jason Stafford, Marites P Melancon
To evaluate the feasibility of visualizing bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) labeled with a gold-coated magnetic resonance (MR)-active multifunctional nanoparticle (SPIO@Au) for assessing the extent of MSC homing in glioma- bearing mice following carotid artery MSC injection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nanoparticle containing superparamagnetic iron oxide coated with gold (SPIO@Au) having a diameter of ~82 nm and maximum absorbance in the near infrared (NIR) region was synthesized...
February 13, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422351/comparison-of-the-identification-results-of-candida-species-obtained-by-bd-phoenix%C3%A2-and-maldi-tof-bruker-microflex-lt-biotyper-3-1
#3
Andrea P Marucco, Patricia Minervini, Gabriela V Snitman, Adriana Sorge, Liliana I Guelfand, Laura López Moral
In patients with invasive fungal infections, the accurate and rapid identification of the genus Candida is of utmost importance since antimycotic sensitivity is closely related to the species. The aim of the present study was to compare the identification results of species of the genus Candida obtained by BD Phoenix™ (Becton Dickinson [BD]) and Maldi-TOF MS (Bruker Microflex LT Biotyper 3.1). A total of 192 isolates from the strain collection belonging to the Mycology Network of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Argentina, were analyzed...
February 5, 2018: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401558/same-day-identification-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing-of-bacteria-in-positive-blood-culture-broths-using-short-term-incubation-on-solid-medium-with-the-microflex-lt-vitek-ms-and-vitek2-systems
#4
Jihye Ha, Sung Kuk Hong, Geum Hee Han, Myungsook Kim, Dongeun Yong, Kyungwon Lee
BACKGROUND: Early and appropriate antibiotic treatment improves the clinical outcome of patients with septicemia; therefore, reducing the turn-around time for identification (ID) and antimicrobial susceptibility test (AST) results is essential. We established a method for rapid ID and AST using short-term incubation of positive blood culture broth samples on solid media, and evaluated its performance relative to that of the conventional method using two rapid ID systems and a rapid AST method...
May 2018: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400736/python-based-dynamic-scheduling-assistant-for-atmospheric-measurements-by-bruker-instruments-using-opus
#5
Alexander Geddes, John Robinson, Dan Smale
Atmospheric remote sensing by instruments such as spectrometers and interferometers often requires scheduling that is dependent on external factors, for example; time and solar (or lunar) zenith angle. Such instruments manufactured by Bruker often use the software package OPUS, which, while useful, is not flexible enough for automatic, repeated, atmospheric measurements of this nature. In this brief paper, we describe ASAP, a Python tool developed to run our network of Fourier transform interferometers in New Zealand and Antarctica...
February 1, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398088/root-canal-shaping-effect-of-instruments-with-offset-mass-of-rotation-in-the-mandibular-first-molar-a-micro-computed-tomographic-study
#6
Maung Maung Kyaw Moe, Jung Hong Ha, Myoung Uk Jin, Young Kyung Kim, Sung Kyo Kim
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the root canal shaping effect of 2 nickel-titanium rotary instruments with offset mass of rotation compared with an instrument with a conventional centered mass of rotation. METHODS: Thirty-six extracted human mandibular first molars with 2 independent mesial canals and 1 oval distal canal were selected and divided equally into 3 groups for instrumentation with ProTaper Next (PTN; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), Revo-S (RS; Micro-Mega, Besançon, France), and ProTaper Universal (PTU, Dentsply Maillefer) systems (n = 12)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386727/matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-maldi-tof-ms-for-rapid-identification-of-mycobacterium-abscessus
#7
Raghu Sriram, A K Sahni, Vaibhav L Dudhat, A K Pujahari
Background: Nontuberculous mycobacteria are increasingly being implicated in infections and have become an important cause of health care associated infections. Mycobacterium abscessus, a rapidly growing mycobacteria, is of particular concern as it tends to be resistant to commonly used therapeutic options. Conventional phenotypic methods for speciation of mycobacteria are time consuming, labor intensive and not always reliable. Molecular methods require expertise and are expensive. The study was used to evaluate the use of matrix associated laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) as a means of rapid identification of M...
January 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373960/gastric-bacterial-flora-in-patients-harbouring-helicobacter-pylori-with-or-without-chronic-dyspepsia-analysis-with-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectroscopy
#8
Verima Pereira, Philip Abraham, Sivaramaiah Nallapeta, Anjali Shetty
BACKGROUND: The gastric microbiota has recently been implicated in the causation of organic/structural gastroduodenal diseases (gastric and duodenal ulcers, gastric cancer) in patients with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. We aimed to ascertain, in patients harbouring H. pylori, the role of the gastric microbiota in the causation of symptoms (chronic dyspepsia) in the absence of organic disease. METHODS: Seventy-four gastric biopsy samples obtained at endoscopy from patients with (n = 21) or without (n = 53) chronic dyspepsia, and that tested positive by the bedside rapid urease test for H...
January 26, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360488/detection-of-carbapenemases-with-a-newly-developed-commercial-assay-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight
#9
Ellionor Rapp, Ørjan Samuelsen, Martin Sundqvist
This study evaluated the performance of the MBT STAR-Carba kit (Bruker Daltonics), to detect carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp. in comparison with the RAPIDEC® CARBA NP test (BioMerieux). MBT STAR-Carba allowed the detection of carbapenemases in Enterobacteriaceae and P. aeruginosa.
January 19, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345117/candida-auris-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-current-updates-on-an-emerging-multidrug-resistant-pathogen
#10
John Osei Sekyere
From 2009, Candida auris has emerged as a multidrug-resistant ascomycete yeast pathogen with the capacity for easy transmission between patients and hospitals, as well as persistence on environmental surfaces. Its association with high mortalities, breakthrough and persistent candidaemia, inconsistencies in susceptibility testing results, misidentification by available commercial identification systems and treatment failure, complicates its management and detection. Within the last nine years, C. auris has been increasingly reported from far-Eastern Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Europe, South and North America with substantial fatalities and misidentification...
January 18, 2018: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336881/influence-of-contracted-endodontic-access-on-root-canal-geometry-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-study
#11
Mario Alovisi, Damiano Pasqualini, Edoardo Musso, Elena Bobbio, Carlotta Giuliano, Davide Mancino, Nicola Scotti, Elio Berutti
INTRODUCTION: Contracted endodontic cavities (CECs) have developed from the concept of minimally invasive dentistry and provide an alternative to traditional endodontic cavities (TECs). They have been designed in an effort to preserve the mechanical stability of teeth. The contracted cavity design preserves more of the dentin but may influence the geometric shaping parameters. The aim of this micro-computed tomographic study was to evaluate the influence of contracted endodontic cavities on the preservation of the original root canal anatomy after shaping with nickel-titanium rotary instruments...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334079/first-heating-measurements-of-endovascular-stents-in-magnetic-particle-imaging
#12
Franz Wegner, Thomas Friedrich, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos, Sarah Vaalma, Jan Peter Goltz, Florian M Vogt, Martin A Koch, Thorsten M Buzug, Joerg Barkhausen, Julian Haegele
Magnetic Particle Imaging (MPI) is a three-dimensional imaging method which visualizes the spatial distribution of Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles (SPIOs) with oscillating and static magnetic fields. It is a quantitative method as the intensity of its signal is proportional to the concentration of the SPIOs. Due to its quantitativeness, high temporal resolution and kidney-safe tracers it is proposed to be a very promising noninvasive method for cardiovascular imaging. In this regard MPI in the presence of endovascular stents and assessment of stent patency with MPI has to be evaluated...
January 15, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325326/-investigation-of-colistin-resistance-gene-mcr-in-gut-bacteria-from-patients-with-acute-diarrheal
#13
Y Li, W J Yan, S Q Liu
Objective: To investigate the presence of colistin resistance gene mcr in gut bacteria from patients with acute diarrhea. Methods: Fresh stool samples were collected from 150 outpatients with acute diarrhea in the intestinal clinic of Henan Provincial People's Hospital, and were directly detected for the presence of mcr by PCR after enrichment in the broth.The mcr-producing bacteria were further isolated and identified by MALDI-TOF MS (Bruker Biotyper). Antimicrobial susceptibility of these isolates was conducted by micro-broth dilution method...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286866/omega-3-fatty-acid-deficiency-impairs-frontostriatal-recruitment-following-repeated-amphetamine-treatment-in-rats-a-7-tesla-in-vivo-phmri-study
#14
Robert K McNamara, Jennifer D Schurdak, Ruth H Asch, Diana M Lindquist
Although attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is associated with deficits in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3 fatty acid implicated in dopamine and glutamate synaptic plasticity, its role in neuroplastic brain changes that occur following repeated amphetamine (AMPH) treatment are not known. This study used pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the impact of repeated AMPH exposure and alterations in brain DHA levels on AMPH-induced brain activation patterns. Male rats were fed a diet with no n-3 fatty acids (Deficient, DEF, n = 20), a diet fortified with preformed DHA (fish oil, FO, n = 20), or a control diet fortified with alpha-linolenic acid (n = 20) from P21 to P90...
December 29, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274430/divergent-brain-changes-in-two-audiogenic-rat-strains-a-voxel-based-morphometry-and-diffusion-tensor-imaging-comparison-of-the-genetically-epilepsy-prone-rat-gepr-3-and-the-wistar-audiogenic-rat-war
#15
Yichien Lee, Olga C Rodriguez, Chris Albanese, Victor Rodrigues Santos, José Antônio Cortes de Oliveira, Ana Luiza Ferreira Donatti, Artur Fernandes, Norberto Garcia-Cairasco, Prosper N'Gouemo, Patrick A Forcelli
Acoustically evoked seizures (e.g., audiogenic seizures or AGS) are common in models of inherited epilepsy and occur in a variety of species including rat, mouse, and hamster. Two models that have been particularly well studied are the genetically epilepsy prone rat (GEPR-3) and the Wistar Audiogenic Rat (WAR) strains. Acute and repeated AGS, as well as comorbid conditions, displays a close phenotypic overlap in these models. Whether these similarities arise from convergent or divergent structural changes in the brain remains unknown...
December 20, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273492/micro-computed-tomographic-evaluation-of-the-shaping-ability-of-xp-endo-shaper-irace-and-edgefile-systems-in-long-oval-shaped-canals
#16
Marco A Versiani, Kleber K T Carvalho, Jardel F Mazzi-Chaves, Manoel D Sousa-Neto
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the shaping ability of the XP-endo Shaper (FKG Dentaire SA, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland), iRaCe (FKG Dentaire SA), and EdgeFile (EdgeEndo, Albuquerque, NM) systems using micro-computed tomographic (micro-CT) technology. METHODS: Thirty long oval-shaped canals from mandibular incisors were matched anatomically using micro-CT scanning (SkyScan1174v2; Bruker-microCT, Kontich, Belgium) and distributed into 3 groups (n = 10) according to the canal preparation protocol (ie, XP-endo Shaper, iRaCe, and EdgeFile systems)...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228397/yeast-identification-by-sequencing-biochemical-kits-maldi-tof-ms-and-rep-pcr-dna-fingerprinting
#17
Ying Zhao, Chi-Ching Tsang, Meng Xiao, Jasper F W Chan, Susanna K P Lau, Fanrong Kong, Yingchun Xu, Patrick C Y Woo
No study has comprehensively evaluated the performance of 28S nrDNA and ITS sequencing, commercial biochemical test kits, MALDI-TOF MS platforms, and the emerging rep-PCR DNA fingerprinting technology using a cohort of yeast strains collected from a clinical microbiology laboratory. In this study, using 71 clinically important yeast isolates (excluding Candida albicans) collected from a single centre, we determined the concordance of 28S nrDNA and ITS sequencing and evaluated the performance of two commercial test kits, two MALDI-TOF MS platforms, and rep-PCR DNA fingerprinting...
December 8, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226548/diffusion-tensor-imaging-determines-three-dimensional-architecture-of-human-cervix-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
J P Nott, E Pervolaraki, A P Benson, E A Bonney, J D Pickering, N Wilkinson, Nab Simpson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the microarchitecture of the cervix using high-resolution diffusion tensor (DT) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Leeds, UK. SAMPLE: Women undergoing hysterectomy for benign pathology. METHODS: Ex-vivo DT-MRI measurements were obtained using a 9.4-T Bruker nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer on seven fixed human cervices obtained at hysterectomy...
October 26, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211924/anatolia-nmr-software-for-spectral-analysis-of-total-lineshape
#19
D A Cheshkov, K F Sheberstov, D O Sinitsyn, V A Chertkov
In this paper we present a new fast and free open-source software package ANATOLIA for the total lineshape analysis of NMR spectra. It performs fitting of experimental 1D NMR spectra based on quantum mechanical formalism. The program serves for the determination of J-coupling constants and elucidation of complicated mutliplet structures including strongly coupled systems. The program utilizes the Lorentzian broadening approach for local minima suppression. It is developed in the C++ language for standard personal computers...
December 6, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205621/multiparametric-characterization-of-response-to-anti-angiogenic-therapy-using-uspio-contrast-enhanced-mri-in-combination-with-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri
#20
Jana Kim, Eugene Kim, Leslie R Euceda, Dan E Meyer, Karina Langseth, Tone F Bathen, Siver A Moestue, Else Marie Huuse
BACKGROUND: Steady state susceptibility contrast (SSC)-MRI provides information on vascular morphology but is a rarely used method. PURPOSE: To investigate the utility of the ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (USPIOs) GEH121333 for measuring tumor response to bevacizumab and compare this with gadolinium-based DCE-MRI. STUDY TYPE: Prospective preclinical animal model study. ANIMAL MODEL: Mice bearing subcutaneous TOV-21G human ovarian cancer xenografts treated with bevacizumab (n = 9) or saline (n = 9)...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
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