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S. pombe

Puranjoy Kar, Pranjal Biswas, Sourav Kumar Patra, Sanjay Ghosh
Nitric Oxide (NO) and its associated reactive nitrogen species (RNS) produce nitrosative stress under various pathophysiological conditions in eukaryotes. The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe regulates stress response mainly through the Sty1-Atf1 MAP Kinase pathway. The present study deals with the role of transcription factor Atf1 and Sty1 in S. pombe under nitrosative stress. In this study, exposure to an NO donor resulted in S-phase slowdown with associated mitotic block in S. pombe. Deletion of sty1 and atf1 in S...
January 2018: Microbiological Research
Hossain Mohammad Shamim, Yukako Minami, Daiki Tanaka, Shinobu Ukimori, Johanne M Murray, Masaru Ueno
Thymidine kinase converts 5-fluorodeoxyuridine to 5-fluorodeoxyuridine monophosphate, which causes disruption of deoxynucleotide triphosphate ratios. The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe does not express endogenous thymidine kinase but 5-fluorodeoxyuridine inhibits growth when exogenous thymidine kinase is expressed. Unexpectedly, we found that 5-fluorodeoxyuridine causes S phase arrest even without thymidine kinase expression. DNA damage checkpoint proteins such as the 9-1-1 complex were required for viability in the presence of 5-fluorodeoxyuridine...
2017: PloS One
David Russell Paquette, Jeffrey S Mugridge, David E Weinberg, John David Gross
Changes in the 5' leader of an mRNA can have profound effects on its translational efficiency with little effect on abundance. Sequencing-based methods to accurately map the 5' leader by identifying the first transcribed nucleotide rely on enzymatic removal of the 5' eukaryotic cap structure by tobacco acid pyrophosphatase (TAP). However, commercial TAP production has been problematic and has now been discontinued. RppH, a bacterial enzyme that can also cleave the 5' cap, and Cap-Clip, a plant-derived enzyme, have been marketed as TAP replacements...
November 3, 2017: RNA
Naomi Coulton, Thomas Caspari
While mammalian Chk1 kinase regulates replication origins, safeguards fork integrity and promotes fork progression, yeast Chk1 acts only in G1 and G2. We report here that the mutation of serine 173 (S173A) in the kinase domain of fission yeast Chk1 abolishes the G1-M and S-M checkpoints with little impact on the G2-M arrest. This separation-of-function mutation strongly reduces the Rad3-dependent phosphorylation of Chk1 at serine 345 during logarithmic growth, but not when cells experience exogenous DNA damage...
November 1, 2017: Biology Open
Madhurima Paul, Agamani Ghosal, Sushobhana Bandyopadhyay, G Prakadeeswari, Upasna Selvam, Neeraj Rai, Geetanjali Sundaram
Mitogen Activated Protein Kinases (MAPKs) play vital roles in multiple cellular processes and represent prominently pursued targets for development of therapeutic regimes. The MAPK Spc1 (p38 homolog) is known to be very important for both mitotic promotion and delay in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. However, the mechanism responsible for mitotic inhibition has remained elusive. Cdc25 (Cdc2 activator) and Wee1 (Cdc2 inhibtor) are important determinants of mitotic timing in all eukaryotes. Our results show that Spc1 can sense the perturbations in the balance of Cdc25 and Wee1 activities in S...
October 24, 2017: Yeast
Kumari Sweta, Preeti Dabas, Kamal Jain, Nimisha Sharma
Transcriptional elongation is a critical step for regulating expression of protein-coding genes. Multiple transcription elongation factors have been identified in vitro, but the physiological roles of many of them are still not clearly understood. The ELL (Eleven nineteen Lysine rich Leukemia) family of transcription elongation factors are conserved from fission yeast to humans. Schizosaccharomyces pombe contains a single ELL homolog (SpELL) that is not essential for its survival. Therefore to gain insights into the in vivo cellular functions of SpELL, we identified phenotypes associated with deletion of ell1 in S...
October 18, 2017: Microbiology
Zhiming Chen, Hongshi Cao, Yingqiang Lu, Qiang Ren, Liankun Sun
Eco1/Eso1 protein plays an important role in chromosome segregation, DNA repair and gene regulation. Eco1 mutation induces Roberts syndrome clinically and rDNA transcription disorders in vivo. In this study, we examined the role of Eso1 protein binding to polymerase 5 (Pol5) and the acetylation of Pol5 protein in the regulation of Schizosaccharomyces pombe (S. pombe) viability. Immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry assays identified Eso1 protein binding to Cdc2, Pol5 and Cdc21, as well as other proteins...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Debajyoti Dutta, Kyungsoo Shin, Jan K Rainey, Larry Fliegel
The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger of the plasma membrane of S. pombe (SpNHE1) removes intracellular sodium in exchange for an extracellular proton. We examined the structure and functional role of amino acids 360-393 of putative transmembrane (TM) segment XI of SpNHE1. Structural analysis suggested that it had a helical propensity over amino acids 360-368, an extended region from 369-378 and was helical over amino acids 379-386. TM XI was sensitive to side chain alterations. Mutation of eight amino acids to alanine resulted in loss of one or both of LiCl or NaCl tolerance when re-introduced into SpNHE1 deficient S...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Preeti Dabas, Kumari Sweta, Mary Ekka, Nimisha Sharma
EAF (ELL Associated Factor) proteins interact with the transcription elongation factor, ELL (Eleven nineteen Lysine rich Leukemia) and enhance its ability to stimulate RNA polymerase II-mediated transcriptional elongation in vitro. Schizosaccharomyces pombe contains a single homolog of EAF (SpEAF), which is not essential for survival of S. pombe in contrast to its essential higher eukaryotic homologs. The physiological role of SpEAF is not well understood. In this study, we show that S. pombe EAF is important in regulating growth of S...
October 12, 2017: Gene
Kurt W Runge, Yanhui Li
Chromosomal breaks can be healed by several repair processes, including one called non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) where the two broken ends are ligated together with a loss of 0-5 bp of DNA. The protein requirements for NHEJ of cut DNA ends in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae include its version of the Mre11-Rad50-Nbs1 (MRN) complex. In contrast, the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe and mammalian cells do not require MRN for this process. Recent work in S. pombe used transposon excision to generate breaks that were capped by DNA hairpins, which must be opened to produce ligatable ends...
October 10, 2017: Current Genetics
Ryan Kniewel, Hajime Murakami, Yan Liu, Masaru Ito, Kunihiro Ohta, Nancy M Hollingsworth, Scott Keeney
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mek1 is a CHK2/Rad53-family kinase that regulates meiotic recombination and progression upon its activation in response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). The full catalog of direct Mek1 phosphorylation targets remains unknown. Here, we show that phosphorylation of histone H3 on threonine 11 (H3 T11ph) is induced by meiotic DSBs in S. cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe Molecular genetic experiments in S. cerevisiae confirmed that Mek1 is required for H3 T11ph and revealed that phosphorylation is rapidly reversed when Mek1 kinase is no longer active...
October 6, 2017: Genetics
Yoshie Sasaki, Ayumi Kojima, Yuriko Shibata, Hiroshi Mitsuzawa
The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe undergoes a switch from yeast to filamentous invasive growth in response to certain environmental stimuli. Among them is ammonium limitation. Amt1, one of the three ammonium transporters in this yeast, is required for the ammonium limitation-induced morphological transition; however, the underlying molecular mechanism remains to be understood. Cells lacking Amt1 became capable of invasive growth upon increasing concentrations of ammonium in the medium, suggesting that the ammonium taken up into the cell or a metabolic intermediate in ammonium assimilation might serve as a signal for the ammonium limitation-induced morphological transition...
2017: PloS One
Ana Vakiloroayaei, Neha S Shah, Marlene Oeffinger, Mark A Bayfield
Non-coding RNAs have critical roles in biological processes, and RNA chaperones can promote their folding into the native shape required for their function. La proteins are a class of highly abundant RNA chaperones that contact pre-tRNAs and other RNA polymerase III transcripts via their common UUU-3'OH ends, as well as through less specific contacts associated with RNA chaperone activity. However, whether La proteins preferentially bind misfolded pre-tRNAs or instead engage all pre-tRNA substrates irrespective of their folding status is not known...
August 31, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Tamiza Nanji, Xu Liu, Leon H Chew, Franco K Li, Maitree Biswas, Zhong-Qiu Yu, Shan Lu, Meng-Qiu Dong, Li-Lin Du, Daniel J Klionsky, Calvin K Yip
Although the human ULK complex mediates phagophore initiation similar to the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae Atg1 complex, this complex contains ATG101 but not Atg29 and Atg31. Here, we analyzed the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe Atg1 complex, which has a subunit composition that resembles the human ULK complex. Our pairwise coprecipitation experiments showed that while the interactions between Atg1, Atg13, and Atg17 are conserved, Atg101 does not bind Atg17. Instead, Atg101 interacts with the HORMA domain of Atg13 and this enhances the stability of both proteins...
October 4, 2017: Autophagy
Fabrizio Benedetti, Dusan Racko, Julien Dorier, Yannis Burnier, Andrzej Stasiak
The question of how self-interacting chromatin domains in interphase chromosomes are structured and generated dominates current discussions on eukaryotic chromosomes. Numerical simulations using standard polymer models have been helpful in testing the validity of various models of chromosome organization. Experimental contact maps can be compared with simulated contact maps and thus verify how good is the model. With increasing resolution of experimental contact maps, it became apparent though that active processes need to be introduced into models to recapitulate the experimental data...
September 29, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Nicholas R Guydosh, Philipp Kimmig, Peter Walter, Rachel Green
The unfolded protein response (UPR) monitors and adjusts the protein folding capacity of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). In S. pombe, the ER membrane-resident kinase/endoribonuclease Ire1 utilizes a mechanism of selective degradation of ER-bound mRNAs (RIDD) to maintain homeostasis. We used a genetic screen to identify factors critical to the Ire1-mediated UPR and found several proteins, Dom34, Hbs1 and Ski complex subunits, previously implicated in ribosome rescue and mRNA no-go-decay (NGD). Ribosome profiling in ER-stressed cells lacking these factors revealed that Ire1-mediated cleavage of ER-associated mRNAs results in ribosome stalling and mRNA degradation...
September 25, 2017: ELife
R Stefan Isaac, Serena Sanulli, Ryan Tibble, Michael Hornsby, Matthew Ravalin, Charles S Craik, John D Gross, Geeta J Narlikar
Heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) family proteins are conserved chromatin binding proteins involved in gene silencing, chromosome packaging, and chromosome segregation. These proteins recognize histone H3 lysine 9 methylated tails via their chromodomain and recruit additional ligand proteins with diverse activities through their dimerization domain, the chromoshadow domain. Species that have HP1 proteins possess multiple paralogs that perform non-overlapping roles in vivo. How different HP1 proteins, which are highly conserved, perform different functions is not well understood...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
Keita Kiriya, Hayato Tsuyuzaki, Masamitsu Sato
The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe is a powerful model organism for cell biology and molecular biology, as genetic manipulation is easily achieved. Introduction of exogenous genes cloned in episomal plasmids into yeast cells can be done through well-established transformation methods. For expression of genes in S. pombe cells, the multi-copy plasmid pREP1 and its derivatives, including pREP41 and pREP81, have been widely used as vectors. Although recent advancement of technology brought a number of useful genetic elements such as new promoters, selection marker genes and fluorescent protein tags, introduction of those elements into conventional pREP1 requires a large commitment of both time and effort because cloning procedures need to be repeated until the final products are constructed...
September 18, 2017: Gene
Xiaofei Song, Quanli Liu, Jiwei Mao, Yuzhen Wu, Yuanzi Li, Kai Gao, Xiuming Zhang, Yanling Bai, Haijin Xu, Mingqiang Qiao
In biotechnological industry, increased expression cassette stability and copy number serve as important means of maintaining consistently high production levels of heterologous proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this study, we combined δ sequences for site-specific integration with TPI1 gene from Schizosaccharomyces pombe (POT1) as a selection marker to realize high-copy integration and stable expression of heterologous proteins in S. cerevisiae. With the newly developed POT1 platform, a 32-copy integration of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) expression cassette was obtained in a single round and was stably maintained after 100 generations of growth in a rich complex medium...
September 1, 2017: FEMS Yeast Research
Hu Meng, Hong Li, Yan Zheng, Zhenhua Yang, Yun Jia, Suling Bo
New Symmetric Relative Entropy (NSRE) was applied innovatively to analyze the nucleosome sequences in S. cerevisiae, S. pombe and Drosophila. NSRE distributions could well reflect the characteristic differences of nucleosome sequences among three organisms, and the differences indicate a concerted evolution in the sequence usage of nucleosome. Further analysis about the nucleosomes around TSS shows that the constitutive property of +1/-1 nucleosomes in S. cerevisiae is different from that in S. pombe and Drosophila, which indicates that S...
September 14, 2017: Genomics
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