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Exenatide obese overweight

Na Su, Yun Li, Ting Xu, Ling Li, Joey Sum-Wing Kwong, Heyue Du, Kaiun Ren, Qianrui Li, Jianshu Li, Xin Sun, Sheyu Li, Haoming Tian
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Exenatide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist, is increasingly used in obese or overweight patients with diabetes. However, its safety profile and effects on weight loss in non-diabetic obese or overweight population remain unclear. We aimed to evaluate efficacy and safety of exenatide in obese or overweight participants without diabetes. METHODS: We searched up to January 2016 in MEDLINE (Ovid SP), EMBASE (Ovid SP), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), some Chinese databases and ClinicalTrials...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Qianying Yang, Fang Wang
The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common cause of anovulatory infertility. It is diagnosed by the presence of hyperandrogenemia, insulin resistance (IR), obesity and other endocrine or metabolic disorders. Exenatide (EX) is a kind of glucagon-like peptide, which is a new option for patients with diabetes mellitus. We present a patient with infertility for PCOS. She was overweight and her medical history included IR, right-sided ovarian mucinous cystadenomas, and left-sided teratoma. Although she had been treated with ovarian surgery, clomiphene citrate and gonadotropins, weight loss and metformin, which have been effective for dominant follicle development, she still failed to conceive...
2016: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
Mafalda Castro, Marco Preto, Vitor Vasconcelos, Ralph Urbatzka
Obesity is a global health threat. OECD reported that more than half (52%) of the adult population in the European Union is overweight or obese. Obesity and obesity-related co-morbidities have deep negative effects on morbidity, mortality, professional and personal quality of life. Healthcare costs represent a negative impact of this disease, with an associated economic cost of 100 billion US$ per year in the United States. The most prescribed drugs for obesity treatment worldwide are orlistat, and phentermine/topiramate extended release, while the major prescribed drug for the same disease in the US are exenatide and dapagliflozin...
2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
P Salehi, I Hsu, C G Azen, S D Mittelman, M E Geffner, D Jeandron
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is associated with hyperphagia and hyperghrelinemia with major morbidity because of obesity without effective medical treatment targeting hyperphagia. Exenatide (Byetta [synthetic Exendin-4]; AstraZeneca, Wilmington DE) is a GLP-1 receptor agonist which reduces appetite and weight and may be an effective treatment in PWS. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the effect of a 6-month trial of exenatide on appetite, weight and gut hormones in youth with PWS...
April 13, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
Huibiao Quan, Huachuan Zhang, Weiping Wei, Tuanyu Fang
BACKGROUND: Although men and women have similar diabetes prevalence, the same medicine will cause different therapeutic results in different genders. To understand the molecular mechanism, we explored the effects of a combined therapy of Exenatide and Metformin on obesity and overweight female and male patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: One hundred and five overweight and obesity patients with newly diagnosed T2DM (n=54 female in a female group and n=51 males in a male group) received the therapy: 5 μg Exenatide+0...
May 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Jessica E Potts, Laura J Gray, Emer M Brady, Kamlesh Khunti, Melanie J Davies, Danielle H Bodicoat
AIMS: To determine the effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists compared with placebo and other anti-diabetic agents on weight loss in overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Electronic searches were conducted for randomised controlled trials that compared a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist therapy at a clinically relevant dose with a comparator treatment (other type 2 diabetes treatment or placebo) in adults with type 2 diabetes and a mean body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2...
2015: PloS One
Sarit Polsky, Samuel L Ellis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent studies about obesity, insulin resistance, and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). RECENT FINDINGS: Overweight and obesity continue to be prevalent among individuals with T1DM. Obesity rates appear to have reached a plateau among children with T1DM in some parts of the world. The risk for development of T1DM is increased by obesity and may occur at an earlier age among obese individuals with a predisposition. Obesity increases the risk for comorbidities among individuals with T1DM, especially metabolic syndrome, and microvascular and macrovascular diseases...
August 2015: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
Feng Sun, Sanbao Chai, Lishi Li, Kai Yu, Zhirong Yang, Shanshan Wu, Yuan Zhang, Linong Ji, Siyan Zhan
To evaluate the effectiveness of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) on weight reduction in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (Type 2 DM), a network meta-analysis was conducted. MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and were searched from 1950 to October 2013. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving GLP-1 RAs were included if they provided information on body weight. A total of 51 RCTs were included and 17521 participants were enrolled. The mean duration of 51 RCTs was 31 weeks...
2015: Journal of Diabetes Research
Lawrence Blonde, Richard Pencek, Leigh MacConell
BACKGROUND: Overweight or obesity contributes to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and increases cardiovascular risk. Exenatide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, significantly reduces glycated hemoglobin (A1C) and body weight and improves cardiovascular risk markers in patients with T2DM. As weight loss alone has been shown to reduce A1C and cardiovascular risk markers, this analysis explored whether weight loss contributed importantly to clinical responses to exenatide once weekly...
2015: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Lise L Gluud, Filip K Knop, Tina Vilsbøll
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist lixisenatide on elevated liver blood tests in patients with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Electronic and manual searches were combined. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on lixisenatide versus placebo or active comparators for type 2 diabetes were included. PARTICIPANTS: Individual patient data were retrieved to calculate outcomes for patients with elevated liver blood tests...
2014: BMJ Open
Takeru Sakai, Toru Kusakabe, Ken Ebihara, Daisuke Aotani, Sachiko Yamamoto-Kataoka, Mingming Zhao, Valentino Milton Junior Gumbilai, Chihiro Ebihara, Megumi Aizawa-Abe, Yuji Yamamoto, Michio Noguchi, Junji Fujikura, Kiminori Hosoda, Nobuya Inagaki, Kazuwa Nakao
Leptin may reduce pancreatic lipid deposition, which increases with progression of obesity and can impair β-cell function. The insulinotropic effect of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and the efficacy of GLP-1 receptor agonist are reduced associated with impaired β-cell function. In this study, we examined whether leptin could restore the efficacy of exenatide, a GLP-1 receptor agonist, in type 2 diabetes with increased adiposity. We chronically administered leptin (500 μg·kg⁻¹·day⁻¹) and/or exenatide (20 μg·kg⁻¹·day⁻¹) for 2 wk in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes with increased adiposity induced by streptozotocin and high-fat diet (STZ/HFD mice)...
October 15, 2014: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Tarunika Bawa, Vibha Dhingra, Nidhi Malhotra, Jasjeet S Wasir, Ambrish Mithal
OBJECTIVE: To share our clinical experience with exenatide in obese North Indian subjects with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We share our experience with use of exenatide in 74 patients treated at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, a tertiary care centre in New Delhi, India Subjects included obese / overweight subjects (mean weight and BMI; 97.67 ± 5.6 kg and 34.56 kg/m(2)) with known history of type 2 DM (Mean: 9 ± 5.6 years) and maintaining suboptimal glycemic control (HbA1c >7%) on oral antidiabetic agents, with or without basal insulin...
January 2013: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
J J Holst
Recent research has indicated that appetite-regulating hormones from the gut may have therapeutic potential. The incretin hormone, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), appears to be involved in both peripheral and central pathways mediating satiation. Several studies have also indicated that GLP-1 levels and responses to meals may be altered in obese subjects. Clinical trial results have shown further that two GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs), exenatide and liraglutide, which are approved for the treatment of hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes, also produce weight loss in overweight subjects without diabetes...
September 2013: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Benjamin Gross
This review presents clinical pearls for initiating liraglutide (Victoza®, Novo Nordisk Inc) therapy for the management of type 2 diabetes and selecting patients who will benefit from liraglutide therapy. Liraglutide, a once-daily glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist, is Food and Drug Administration approved as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes. Liraglutide is effective for reducing hemoglobin A1c levels by 0.8% to 1.5% in patients with type 2 diabetes as monotherapy or in combination with other diabetic medications (such as metformin, sulfonylureas, rosiglitazone, or basal insulin) when compared with placebo and these other diabetic medications, including exenatide...
April 2013: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Jessica L Moreno, Kristine C Willett, Alicia R Desilets
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential role of exenatide for weight loss in overweight or obese adults without diabetes. DATA SOURCES: PubMed (1946-August 2012) and EMBASE (1974-August 2012) were used to conduct a literature search utilizing the terms exenatide, weight loss, obesity, and overweight. Additional references were identified by bibliographic review of relevant articles. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Studies assessing the use of exenatide in adult subjects without type 2 diabetes or polycystic ovary syndrome and reporting effects on body weight were included...
December 2012: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Tina Vilsbøll, Mikkel Christensen, Anders E Junker, Filip K Knop, Lise Lotte Gluud
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether treatment with agonists of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) result in weight loss in overweight or obese patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analyses. DATA SOURCES: Electronic searches (Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, and Web of Science) and manual searches (up to May 2011). Review methods Randomised controlled trials of adult participants with a body mass index of 25 or higher; with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus; and who received exenatide twice daily, exenatide once weekly, or liraglutide once daily at clinically relevant doses for at least 20 weeks...
2012: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Lisa Sze, Louise Purtell, Arthur Jenkins, Georgina Loughnan, Ellie Smith, Herbert Herzog, Amanda Sainsbury, Katharine Steinbeck, Lesley V Campbell, Alexander Viardot
CONTEXT: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is associated with hyperphagia and obesity, without effective pharmacological treatment. Exenatide, recently developed for treatment of type 2 diabetes, induces appetite suppression and weight loss with common side effects. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the initial safety and effectiveness of exenatide in adult PWS subjects compared with obese controls (OBESE). DESIGN, SETTING, PATIENTS, AND INTERVENTION: Eight PWS and 11 OBESE patients underwent standardized meal studies after a single sc injection of 10 μg exenatide or placebo in a single-blinded, crossover design...
August 2011: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Paul S Jellinger
Glucose homeostasis is regulated by a complex interaction of hormones, principally including insulin, glucagon, amylin, and the incretins. Glucagon, cortisol, catecholamines, and growth hormone serve as the classic glucose counterregulatory hormones. The incretins are hormones released by enteroendocrine cells in the intestine in response to a meal. Classically, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been considered to be a triad of insulin resistance, increased hepatic gluconeogenesis, and progressive β-cell exhaustion/failure...
January 2011: Postgraduate Medicine
Jaime A Davidson
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a prevalent disorder that affects children, adolescents, and adults worldwide. In addition to risks of microvascular disease, patients with type 2 DM often have multiple risk factors of macrovascular disease; for example, approximately 90% of patients with type 2 DM are overweight/obese. Type 2 DM is a complex disease that involves a variety of pathophysiologic abnormalities, including insulin resistance, increased hepatic glucose production, and abnormalities in the secretion of hormones, such as insulin, glucagon, amylin, and incretins...
December 2010: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Caroline M Apovian, Richard M Bergenstal, Robert M Cuddihy, Yongming Qu, Sheila Lenox, Michelle S Lewis, Leonard C Glass
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a lifestyle modification program plus exenatide versus lifestyle modification program plus placebo on weight loss in overweight or obese participants with type 2 diabetes treated with metformin and/or sulfonylurea. METHODS: In this 24-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 194 patients participated in a lifestyle modification program, consisting of goals of 600 kcal/day deficit and physical activity of at least 2...
May 2010: American Journal of Medicine
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