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Daniel Swerdlow

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908689/pcsk9-genetic-variants-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-mendelian-randomisation-study
#1
Amand F Schmidt, Daniel I Swerdlow, Michael V Holmes, Riyaz S Patel, Zammy Fairhurst-Hunter, Donald M Lyall, Fernando Pires Hartwig, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Elina Hyppönen, Christine Power, Max Moldovan, Erik van Iperen, G Kees Hovingh, Ilja Demuth, Kristina Norman, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Juri Demuth, Lars Bertram, Tian Liu, Stefan Coassin, Johann Willeit, Stefan Kiechl, Karin Willeit, Dan Mason, John Wright, Richard Morris, Goya Wanamethee, Peter Whincup, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Stela McLachlan, Jackie F Price, Mika Kivimaki, Catherine Welch, Adelaida Sanchez-Galvez, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Andrew Nicolaides, Andrie G Panayiotou, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Giuseppe Matullo, Giovanni Fiorito, Simonetta Guarrera, Carlotta Sacerdote, Nicholas J Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, Robert Scott, Jian'an Luan, Martin Bobak, Sofia Malyutina, Andrzej Pająk, Ruzena Kubinova, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Hynek Pikhart, Lise Lotte Nystrup Husemoen, Niels Grarup, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Allan Linneberg, Kenneth Starup Simonsen, Jackie Cooper, Steve E Humphries, Murray Brilliant, Terrie Kitchner, Hakon Hakonarson, David S Carrell, Catherine A McCarty, H Lester Kirchner, Eric B Larson, David R Crosslin, Mariza de Andrade, Dan M Roden, Joshua C Denny, Cara Carty, Stephen Hancock, John Attia, Elizabeth Holliday, Martin O' Donnell, Salim Yusuf, Michael Chong, Guillaume Pare, Pim van der Harst, M Abdullah Said, Ruben N Eppinga, Niek Verweij, Harold Snieder, Tim Christen, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Stefan Gustafsson, Lars Lind, Erik Ingelsson, Raha Pazoki, Oscar Franco, Albert Hofman, Andre Uitterlinden, Abbas Dehghan, Alexander Teumer, Sebastian Baumeister, Marcus Dörr, Markus M Lerch, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Joey Ward, Jill P Pell, Daniel J Smith, Tom Meade, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee, Ekaterina V Baranova, Robin Young, Ian Ford, Archie Campbell, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Michiel L Bots, Diederick E Grobbee, Philippe Froguel, Dorothée Thuillier, Beverley Balkau, Amélie Bonnefond, Bertrand Cariou, Melissa Smart, Yanchun Bao, Meena Kumari, Anubha Mahajan, Paul M Ridker, Daniel I Chasman, Alex P Reiner, Leslie A Lange, Marylyn D Ritchie, Folkert W Asselbergs, Juan-Pablo Casas, Brendan J Keating, David Preiss, Aroon D Hingorani, Naveed Sattar
BACKGROUND: Statin treatment and variants in the gene encoding HMG-CoA reductase are associated with reductions in both the concentration of LDL cholesterol and the risk of coronary heart disease, but also with modest hyperglycaemia, increased bodyweight, and modestly increased risk of type 2 diabetes, which in no way offsets their substantial benefits. We sought to investigate the associations of LDL cholesterol-lowering PCSK9 variants with type 2 diabetes and related biomarkers to gauge the likely effects of PCSK9 inhibitors on diabetes risk...
November 28, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845421/rs2735383-located-at-a-microrna-binding-site-in-the-3-utr-of-nbs1-is-not-associated-with-breast-cancer-risk
#2
Jingjing Liu, Ivona Lončar, J Margriet Collée, Manjeet K Bolla, Joe Dennis, Kyriaki Michailidou, Qin Wang, Irene L Andrulis, Monica Barile, Matthias W Beckmann, Sabine Behrens, Javier Benitez, Carl Blomqvist, Bram Boeckx, Natalia V Bogdanova, Stig E Bojesen, Hiltrud Brauch, Paul Brennan, Hermann Brenner, Annegien Broeks, Barbara Burwinkel, Jenny Chang-Claude, Shou-Tung Chen, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Ching Y Cheng, Ji-Yeob Choi, Fergus J Couch, Angela Cox, Simon S Cross, Katarina Cuk, Kamila Czene, Thilo Dörk, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Peter A Fasching, Jonine Figueroa, Henrik Flyger, Montserrat García-Closas, Graham G Giles, Gord Glendon, Mark S Goldberg, Anna González-Neira, Pascal Guénel, Christopher A Haiman, Ute Hamann, Steven N Hart, Mikael Hartman, Sigrid Hatse, John L Hopper, Hidemi Ito, Anna Jakubowska, Maria Kabisch, Daehee Kang, Veli-Matti Kosma, Vessela N Kristensen, Loic Le Marchand, Eunjung Lee, Jingmei Li, Artitaya Lophatananon, Jan Lubinski, Arto Mannermaa, Keitaro Matsuo, Roger L Milne, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Nick Orr, Jose I A Perez, Julian Peto, Thomas C Putti, Katri Pylkäs, Paolo Radice, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Elinor J Sawyer, Marjanka K Schmidt, Andreas Schneeweiss, Chen-Yang Shen, Martha J Shrubsole, Xiao-Ou Shu, Jacques Simard, Melissa C Southey, Anthony Swerdlow, Soo H Teo, Daniel C Tessier, Somchai Thanasitthichai, Ian Tomlinson, Diana Torres, Thérèse Truong, Chiu-Chen Tseng, Celine Vachon, Robert Winqvist, Anna H Wu, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Wei Zheng, Per Hall, Alison M Dunning, Douglas F Easton, Maartje J Hooning, Ans M W van den Ouweland, John W M Martens, Antoinette Hollestelle
NBS1, also known as NBN, plays an important role in maintaining genomic stability. Interestingly, rs2735383 G > C, located in a microRNA binding site in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of NBS1, was shown to be associated with increased susceptibility to lung and colorectal cancer. However, the relation between rs2735383 and susceptibility to breast cancer is not yet clear. Therefore, we genotyped rs2735383 in 1,170 familial non-BRCA1/2 breast cancer cases and 1,077 controls using PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP-PCR) analysis, but found no association between rs2735383CC and breast cancer risk (OR = 1...
November 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810856/the-intracranial-distribution-of-gliomas-in-relation-to-exposure-from-mobile-phones-analyses-from-the-interphone-study
#3
Kathrine Grell, Kirsten Frederiksen, Joachim Schüz, Elisabeth Cardis, Bruce Armstrong, Jack Siemiatycki, Daniel R Krewski, Mary L McBride, Christoffer Johansen, Anssi Auvinen, Martine Hours, Maria Blettner, Siegal Sadetzki, Susanna Lagorio, Naohito Yamaguchi, Alistair Woodward, Tore Tynes, Maria Feychting, Sarah J Fleming, Anthony J Swerdlow, Per K Andersen
When investigating the association between brain tumors and use of mobile telephones, accurate data on tumor position are essential, due to the highly localized absorption of energy in the human brain from the radio-frequency fields emitted. We used a point process model to investigate this association using information that included tumor localization data from the INTERPHONE Study (Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom)...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640304/evidence-that-the-5p12-variant-rs10941679-confers-susceptibility-to-estrogen-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-through-fgf10-and-mrps30-regulation
#4
Maya Ghoussaini, Juliet D French, Kyriaki Michailidou, Silje Nord, Jonathan Beesley, Sander Canisus, Kristine M Hillman, Susanne Kaufmann, Haran Sivakumaran, Mahdi Moradi Marjaneh, Jason S Lee, Joe Dennis, Manjeet K Bolla, Qin Wang, Ed Dicks, Roger L Milne, John L Hopper, Melissa C Southey, Marjanka K Schmidt, Annegien Broeks, Kenneth Muir, Artitaya Lophatananon, Peter A Fasching, Matthias W Beckmann, Olivia Fletcher, Nichola Johnson, Elinor J Sawyer, Ian Tomlinson, Barbara Burwinkel, Frederik Marme, Pascal Guénel, Thérèse Truong, Stig E Bojesen, Henrik Flyger, Javier Benitez, Anna González-Neira, M Rosario Alonso, Guillermo Pita, Susan L Neuhausen, Hoda Anton-Culver, Hermann Brenner, Volker Arndt, Alfons Meindl, Rita K Schmutzler, Hiltrud Brauch, Ute Hamann, Daniel C Tessier, Daniel Vincent, Heli Nevanlinna, Sofia Khan, Keitaro Matsuo, Hidemi Ito, Thilo Dörk, Natalia V Bogdanova, Annika Lindblom, Sara Margolin, Arto Mannermaa, Veli-Matti Kosma, Anna H Wu, David Van Den Berg, Diether Lambrechts, Giuseppe Floris, Jenny Chang-Claude, Anja Rudolph, Paolo Radice, Monica Barile, Fergus J Couch, Emily Hallberg, Graham G Giles, Christopher A Haiman, Loic Le Marchand, Mark S Goldberg, Soo H Teo, Cheng Har Yip, Anne-Lise Borresen-Dale, Wei Zheng, Qiuyin Cai, Robert Winqvist, Katri Pylkäs, Irene L Andrulis, Peter Devilee, Rob A E M Tollenaar, Montserrat García-Closas, Jonine Figueroa, Per Hall, Kamila Czene, Judith S Brand, Hatef Darabi, Mikael Eriksson, Maartje J Hooning, Linetta B Koppert, Jingmei Li, Xiao-Ou Shu, Ying Zheng, Angela Cox, Simon S Cross, Mitul Shah, Valerie Rhenius, Ji-Yeob Choi, Daehee Kang, Mikael Hartman, Kee Seng Chia, Maria Kabisch, Diana Torres, Craig Luccarini, Don M Conroy, Anna Jakubowska, Jan Lubinski, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Paul Brennan, Curtis Olswold, Susan Slager, Chen-Yang Shen, Ming-Feng Hou, Anthony Swerdlow, Minouk J Schoemaker, Jacques Simard, Paul D P Pharoah, Vessela Kristensen, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Douglas F Easton, Alison M Dunning, Stacey L Edwards
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have revealed increased breast cancer risk associated with multiple genetic variants at 5p12. Here, we report the fine mapping of this locus using data from 104,660 subjects from 50 case-control studies in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC). With data for 3,365 genotyped and imputed SNPs across a 1 Mb region (positions 44,394,495-45,364,167; NCBI build 37), we found evidence for at least three independent signals: the strongest signal, consisting of a single SNP rs10941679, was associated with risk of estrogen-receptor-positive (ER(+)) breast cancer (per-g allele OR ER(+) = 1...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601076/functional-mechanisms-underlying-pleiotropic-risk-alleles-at-the-19p13-1-breast-ovarian-cancer-susceptibility-locus
#5
Kate Lawrenson, Siddhartha Kar, Karen McCue, Karoline Kuchenbaeker, Kyriaki Michailidou, Jonathan Tyrer, Jonathan Beesley, Susan J Ramus, Qiyuan Li, Melissa K Delgado, Janet M Lee, Kristiina Aittomäki, Irene L Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Volker Arndt, Banu K Arun, Brita Arver, Elisa V Bandera, Monica Barile, Rosa B Barkardottir, Daniel Barrowdale, Matthias W Beckmann, Javier Benitez, Andrew Berchuck, Maria Bisogna, Line Bjorge, Carl Blomqvist, William Blot, Natalia Bogdanova, Anders Bojesen, Stig E Bojesen, Manjeet K Bolla, Bernardo Bonanni, Anne-Lise Børresen-Dale, Hiltrud Brauch, Paul Brennan, Hermann Brenner, Fiona Bruinsma, Joan Brunet, Shaik Ahmad Buhari, Barbara Burwinkel, Ralf Butzow, Saundra S Buys, Qiuyin Cai, Trinidad Caldes, Ian Campbell, Rikki Canniotto, Jenny Chang-Claude, Jocelyne Chiquette, Ji-Yeob Choi, Kathleen B M Claes, Linda S Cook, Angela Cox, Daniel W Cramer, Simon S Cross, Cezary Cybulski, Kamila Czene, Mary B Daly, Francesca Damiola, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Hatef Darabi, Joe Dennis, Peter Devilee, Orland Diez, Jennifer A Doherty, Susan M Domchek, Cecilia M Dorfling, Thilo Dörk, Martine Dumont, Hans Ehrencrona, Bent Ejlertsen, Steve Ellis, Christoph Engel, Eunjung Lee, D Gareth Evans, Peter A Fasching, Lidia Feliubadalo, Jonine Figueroa, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Olivia Fletcher, Henrik Flyger, Lenka Foretova, Florentia Fostira, William D Foulkes, Brooke L Fridley, Eitan Friedman, Debra Frost, Gaetana Gambino, Patricia A Ganz, Judy Garber, Montserrat García-Closas, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Maya Ghoussaini, Graham G Giles, Rosalind Glasspool, Andrew K Godwin, Mark S Goldberg, David E Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Ellen L Goode, Marc T Goodman, Mark H Greene, Jacek Gronwald, Pascal Guénel, Christopher A Haiman, Per Hall, Emily Hallberg, Ute Hamann, Thomas V O Hansen, Patricia A Harrington, Mikael Hartman, Norhashimah Hassan, Sue Healey, Florian Heitz, Josef Herzog, Estrid Høgdall, Claus K Høgdall, Frans B L Hogervorst, Antoinette Hollestelle, John L Hopper, Peter J Hulick, Tomasz Huzarski, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Hidemi Ito, Anna Jakubowska, Ramunas Janavicius, Allan Jensen, Esther M John, Nichola Johnson, Maria Kabisch, Daehee Kang, Miroslav Kapuscinski, Beth Y Karlan, Sofia Khan, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Susanne Kruger Kjaer, Julia A Knight, Irene Konstantopoulou, Veli-Matti Kosma, Vessela Kristensen, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Ava Kwong, Miguel de la Hoya, Yael Laitman, Diether Lambrechts, Nhu Le, Kim De Leeneer, Jenny Lester, Douglas A Levine, Jingmei Li, Annika Lindblom, Jirong Long, Artitaya Lophatananon, Jennifer T Loud, Karen Lu, Jan Lubinski, Arto Mannermaa, Siranoush Manoukian, Loic Le Marchand, Sara Margolin, Frederik Marme, Leon F A G Massuger, Keitaro Matsuo, Sylvie Mazoyer, Lesley McGuffog, Catriona McLean, Iain McNeish, Alfons Meindl, Usha Menon, Arjen R Mensenkamp, Roger L Milne, Marco Montagna, Kirsten B Moysich, Kenneth Muir, Anna Marie Mulligan, Katherine L Nathanson, Roberta B Ness, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Silje Nord, Robert L Nussbaum, Kunle Odunsi, Kenneth Offit, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Janet E Olson, Curtis Olswold, David O'Malley, Irene Orlow, Nick Orr, Ana Osorio, Sue Kyung Park, Celeste L Pearce, Tanja Pejovic, Paolo Peterlongo, Georg Pfeiler, Catherine M Phelan, Elizabeth M Poole, Katri Pylkäs, Paolo Radice, Johanna Rantala, Muhammad Usman Rashid, Gad Rennert, Valerie Rhenius, Kerstin Rhiem, Harvey A Risch, Gus Rodriguez, Mary Anne Rossing, Anja Rudolph, Helga B Salvesen, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Elinor J Sawyer, Joellen M Schildkraut, Marjanka K Schmidt, Rita K Schmutzler, Thomas A Sellers, Caroline Seynaeve, Mitul Shah, Chen-Yang Shen, Xiao-Ou Shu, Weiva Sieh, Christian F Singer, Olga M Sinilnikova, Susan Slager, Honglin Song, Penny Soucy, Melissa C Southey, Marie Stenmark-Askmalm, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Christian Sutter, Anthony Swerdlow, Sandrine Tchatchou, Manuel R Teixeira, Soo H Teo, Kathryn L Terry, Mary Beth Terry, Mads Thomassen, Maria Grazia Tibiletti, Laima Tihomirova, Silvia Tognazzo, Amanda Ewart Toland, Ian Tomlinson, Diana Torres, Thérèse Truong, Chiu-Chen Tseng, Nadine Tung, Shelley S Tworoger, Celine Vachon, Ans M W van den Ouweland, Helena C van Doorn, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Laura J Van't Veer, Adriaan Vanderstichele, Ignace Vergote, Joseph Vijai, Qin Wang, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Nicolas Wentzensen, Alice S Whittemore, Hans Wildiers, Robert Winqvist, Anna H Wu, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Sook-Yee Yoon, Jyh-Cherng Yu, Wei Zheng, Ying Zheng, Kum Kum Khanna, Jacques Simard, Alvaro N Monteiro, Juliet D French, Fergus J Couch, Matthew L Freedman, Douglas F Easton, Alison M Dunning, Paul D Pharoah, Stacey L Edwards, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Antonis C Antoniou, Simon A Gayther
A locus at 19p13 is associated with breast cancer (BC) and ovarian cancer (OC) risk. Here we analyse 438 SNPs in this region in 46,451 BC and 15,438 OC cases, 15,252 BRCA1 mutation carriers and 73,444 controls and identify 13 candidate causal SNPs associated with serous OC (P=9.2 × 10(-20)), ER-negative BC (P=1.1 × 10(-13)), BRCA1-associated BC (P=7.7 × 10(-16)) and triple negative BC (P-diff=2 × 10(-5)). Genotype-gene expression associations are identified for candidate target genes ANKLE1 (P=2 × 10(-3)) and ABHD8 (P<2 × 10(-3))...
September 7, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600471/fine-scale-mapping-of-the-17q22-breast-cancer-locus-using-dense-snps-genotyped-within-the-collaborative-oncological-gene-environment-study-cogs
#6
Hatef Darabi, Jonathan Beesley, Arnaud Droit, Siddhartha Kar, Silje Nord, Mahdi Moradi Marjaneh, Penny Soucy, Kyriaki Michailidou, Maya Ghoussaini, Hanna Fues Wahl, Manjeet K Bolla, Qin Wang, Joe Dennis, M Rosario Alonso, Irene L Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Volker Arndt, Matthias W Beckmann, Javier Benitez, Natalia V Bogdanova, Stig E Bojesen, Hiltrud Brauch, Hermann Brenner, Annegien Broeks, Thomas Brüning, Barbara Burwinkel, Jenny Chang-Claude, Ji-Yeob Choi, Don M Conroy, Fergus J Couch, Angela Cox, Simon S Cross, Kamila Czene, Peter Devilee, Thilo Dörk, Douglas F Easton, Peter A Fasching, Jonine Figueroa, Olivia Fletcher, Henrik Flyger, Eva Galle, Montserrat García-Closas, Graham G Giles, Mark S Goldberg, Anna González-Neira, Pascal Guénel, Christopher A Haiman, Emily Hallberg, Ute Hamann, Mikael Hartman, Antoinette Hollestelle, John L Hopper, Hidemi Ito, Anna Jakubowska, Nichola Johnson, Daehee Kang, Sofia Khan, Veli-Matti Kosma, Mieke Kriege, Vessela Kristensen, Diether Lambrechts, Loic Le Marchand, Soo Chin Lee, Annika Lindblom, Artitaya Lophatananon, Jan Lubinski, Arto Mannermaa, Siranoush Manoukian, Sara Margolin, Keitaro Matsuo, Rebecca Mayes, James McKay, Alfons Meindl, Roger L Milne, Kenneth Muir, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Curtis Olswold, Nick Orr, Paolo Peterlongo, Guillermo Pita, Katri Pylkäs, Anja Rudolph, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Elinor J Sawyer, Marjanka K Schmidt, Rita K Schmutzler, Caroline Seynaeve, Mitul Shah, Chen-Yang Shen, Xiao-Ou Shu, Melissa C Southey, Daniel O Stram, Harald Surowy, Anthony Swerdlow, Soo H Teo, Daniel C Tessier, Ian Tomlinson, Diana Torres, Thérèse Truong, Celine M Vachon, Daniel Vincent, Robert Winqvist, Anna H Wu, Pei-Ei Wu, Cheng Har Yip, Wei Zheng, Paul D P Pharoah, Per Hall, Stacey L Edwards, Jacques Simard, Juliet D French, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Alison M Dunning
Genome-wide association studies have found SNPs at 17q22 to be associated with breast cancer risk. To identify potential causal variants related to breast cancer risk, we performed a high resolution fine-mapping analysis that involved genotyping 517 SNPs using a custom Illumina iSelect array (iCOGS) followed by imputation of genotypes for 3,134 SNPs in more than 89,000 participants of European ancestry from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC). We identified 28 highly correlated common variants, in a 53 Kb region spanning two introns of the STXBP4 gene, that are strong candidates for driving breast cancer risk (lead SNP rs2787486 (OR = 0...
September 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595995/palb2-chek2-and-atm-rare-variants-and-cancer-risk-data-from-cogs
#7
Melissa C Southey, David E Goldgar, Robert Winqvist, Katri Pylkäs, Fergus Couch, Marc Tischkowitz, William D Foulkes, Joe Dennis, Kyriaki Michailidou, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Tuomas Heikkinen, Heli Nevanlinna, John L Hopper, Thilo Dörk, Kathleen Bm Claes, Jorge Reis-Filho, Zhi Ling Teo, Paolo Radice, Irene Catucci, Paolo Peterlongo, Helen Tsimiklis, Fabrice A Odefrey, James G Dowty, Marjanka K Schmidt, Annegien Broeks, Frans B Hogervorst, Senno Verhoef, Jane Carpenter, Christine Clarke, Rodney J Scott, Peter A Fasching, Lothar Haeberle, Arif B Ekici, Matthias W Beckmann, Julian Peto, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Olivia Fletcher, Nichola Johnson, Manjeet K Bolla, Elinor J Sawyer, Ian Tomlinson, Michael J Kerin, Nicola Miller, Federik Marme, Barbara Burwinkel, Rongxi Yang, Pascal Guénel, Thérèse Truong, Florence Menegaux, Marie Sanchez, Stig Bojesen, Sune F Nielsen, Henrik Flyger, Javier Benitez, M Pilar Zamora, Jose Ignacio Arias Perez, Primitiva Menéndez, Hoda Anton-Culver, Susan Neuhausen, Argyrios Ziogas, Christina A Clarke, Hermann Brenner, Volker Arndt, Christa Stegmaier, Hiltrud Brauch, Thomas Brüning, Yon-Dschun Ko, Taru A Muranen, Kristiina Aittomäki, Carl Blomqvist, Natalia V Bogdanova, Natalia N Antonenkova, Annika Lindblom, Sara Margolin, Arto Mannermaa, Vesa Kataja, Veli-Matti Kosma, Jaana M Hartikainen, Amanda B Spurdle, kConFab Investigators, Els Wauters, Dominiek Smeets, Benoit Beuselinck, Giuseppe Floris, Jenny Chang-Claude, Anja Rudolph, Petra Seibold, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Janet E Olson, Celine Vachon, Vernon S Pankratz, Catriona McLean, Christopher A Haiman, Brian E Henderson, Fredrick Schumacher, Loic Le Marchand, Vessela Kristensen, Grethe Grenaker Alnæs, Wei Zheng, David J Hunter, Sara Lindstrom, Susan E Hankinson, Peter Kraft, Irene Andrulis, Julia A Knight, Gord Glendon, Anna Marie Mulligan, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Mervi Grip, Saila Kauppila, Peter Devilee, Robert A E M Tollenaar, Caroline Seynaeve, Antoinette Hollestelle, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, Jonine Figueroa, Stephen J Chanock, Jolanta Lissowska, Kamila Czene, Hatef Darabi, Mikael Eriksson, Diana M Eccles, Sajjad Rafiq, William J Tapper, Sue M Gerty, Maartje J Hooning, John W M Martens, J Margriet Collée, Madeleine Tilanus-Linthorst, Per Hall, Jingmei Li, Judith S Brand, Keith Humphreys, Angela Cox, Malcolm W R Reed, Craig Luccarini, Caroline Baynes, Alison M Dunning, Ute Hamann, Diana Torres, Hans Ulrich Ulmer, Thomas Rüdiger, Anna Jakubowska, Jan Lubinski, Katarzyna Jaworska, Katarzyna Durda, Susan Slager, Amanda E Toland, Christine B Ambrosone, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Anthony Swerdlow, Alan Ashworth, Nick Orr, Michael Jones, Anna González-Neira, Guillermo Pita, M Rosario Alonso, Nuria Álvarez, Daniel Herrero, Daniel C Tessier, Daniel Vincent, Francois Bacot, Jacques Simard, Martine Dumont, Penny Soucy, Rosalind Eeles, Kenneth Muir, Fredrik Wiklund, Henrik Gronberg, Johanna Schleutker, Børge G Nordestgaard, Maren Weischer, Ruth C Travis, David Neal, Jenny L Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, Kay-Tee Khaw, Janet L Stanford, William J Blot, Stephen Thibodeau, Daniel J Schaid, Joseph L Kelley, Christiane Maier, Adam S Kibel, Cezary Cybulski, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Katja Butterbach, Jong Park, Radka Kaneva, Jyotsna Batra, Manuel R Teixeira, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Ali Amin Al Olama, Sara Benlloch, Stefan P Renner, Arndt Hartmann, Alexander Hein, Matthias Ruebner, Diether Lambrechts, Els Van Nieuwenhuysen, Ignace Vergote, Sandrina Lambretchs, Jennifer A Doherty, Mary Anne Rossing, Stefan Nickels, Ursula Eilber, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Kunle Odunsi, Lara E Sucheston-Campbell, Grace Friel, Galina Lurie, Jeffrey L Killeen, Lynne R Wilkens, Marc T Goodman, Ingo Runnebaum, Peter A Hillemanns, Liisa M Pelttari, Ralf Butzow, Francesmary Modugno, Robert P Edwards, Roberta B Ness, Kirsten B Moysich, Andreas du Bois, Florian Heitz, Philipp Harter, Stefan Kommoss, Beth Y Karlan, Christine Walsh, Jenny Lester, Allan Jensen, Susanne Krüger Kjaer, Estrid Høgdall, Bernard Peissel, Bernardo Bonanni, Loris Bernard, Ellen L Goode, Brooke L Fridley, Robert A Vierkant, Julie M Cunningham, Melissa C Larson, Zachary C Fogarty, Kimberly R Kalli, Dong Liang, Karen H Lu, Michelle A T Hildebrandt, Xifeng Wu, Douglas A Levine, Fanny Dao, Maria Bisogna, Andrew Berchuck, Edwin S Iversen, Jeffrey R Marks, Lucy Akushevich, Daniel W Cramer, Joellen Schildkraut, Kathryn L Terry, Elizabeth M Poole, Meir Stampfer, Shelley S Tworoger, Elisa V Bandera, Irene Orlow, Sara H Olson, Line Bjorge, Helga B Salvesen, Anne M van Altena, Katja K H Aben, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Leon F A G Massuger, Tanja Pejovic, Yukie Bean, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Linda E Kelemen, Linda S Cook, Nhu D Le, Bohdan Górski, Jacek Gronwald, Janusz Menkiszak, Claus K Høgdall, Lene Lundvall, Lotte Nedergaard, Svend Aage Engelholm, Ed Dicks, Jonathan Tyrer, Ian Campbell, Iain McNeish, James Paul, Nadeem Siddiqui, Rosalind Glasspool, Alice S Whittemore, Joseph H Rothstein, Valerie McGuire, Weiva Sieh, Hui Cai, Xiao-Ou Shu, Rachel T Teten, Rebecca Sutphen, John R McLaughlin, Steven A Narod, Catherine M Phelan, Alvaro N Monteiro, David Fenstermacher, Hui-Yi Lin, Jennifer B Permuth, Thomas A Sellers, Y Ann Chen, Ya-Yu Tsai, Zhihua Chen, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Simon A Gayther, Susan J Ramus, Usha Menon, Anna H Wu, Celeste L Pearce, David Van Den Berg, Malcolm C Pike, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Joanna Plisiecka-Halasa, Joanna Moes-Sosnowska, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Paul Dp Pharoah, Honglin Song, Ingrid Winship, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Graham G Giles, Sean V Tavtigian, Doug F Easton, Roger L Milne
BACKGROUND: The rarity of mutations in PALB2, CHEK2 and ATM make it difficult to estimate precisely associated cancer risks. Population-based family studies have provided evidence that at least some of these mutations are associated with breast cancer risk as high as those associated with rare BRCA2 mutations. We aimed to estimate the relative risks associated with specific rare variants in PALB2, CHEK2 and ATM via a multicentre case-control study. METHODS: We genotyped 10 rare mutations using the custom iCOGS array: PALB2 c...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487401/association-of-lipid-fractions-with-risks-for-coronary-artery-disease-and-diabetes
#8
Jon White, Daniel I Swerdlow, David Preiss, Zammy Fairhurst-Hunter, Brendan J Keating, Folkert W Asselbergs, Naveed Sattar, Steve E Humphries, Aroon D Hingorani, Michael V Holmes
IMPORTANCE: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is causally related to coronary artery disease (CAD), but the relevance of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglycerides (TGs) is uncertain. Lowering of LDL-C levels by statin therapy modestly increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, but it is unknown whether this effect is specific to statins. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of 3 routinely measured lipid fractions with CAD and diabetes through mendelian randomization (MR) using conventional MR and making use of newer approaches, such as multivariate MR and MR-Egger, that address the pleiotropy of genetic instruments where relevant...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459855/identification-of-independent-association-signals-and-putative-functional-variants-for-breast-cancer-risk-through-fine-scale-mapping-of-the-12p11-locus
#9
Chenjie Zeng, Xingyi Guo, Jirong Long, Karoline B Kuchenbaecker, Arnaud Droit, Kyriaki Michailidou, Maya Ghoussaini, Siddhartha Kar, Adam Freeman, John L Hopper, Roger L Milne, Manjeet K Bolla, Qin Wang, Joe Dennis, Simona Agata, Shahana Ahmed, Kristiina Aittomäki, Irene L Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Natalia N Antonenkova, Adalgeir Arason, Volker Arndt, Banu K Arun, Brita Arver, Francois Bacot, Daniel Barrowdale, Caroline Baynes, Alicia Beeghly-Fadiel, Javier Benitez, Marina Bermisheva, Carl Blomqvist, William J Blot, Natalia V Bogdanova, Stig E Bojesen, Bernardo Bonanni, Anne-Lise Borresen-Dale, Judith S Brand, Hiltrud Brauch, Paul Brennan, Hermann Brenner, Annegien Broeks, Thomas Brüning, Barbara Burwinkel, Saundra S Buys, Qiuyin Cai, Trinidad Caldes, Ian Campbell, Jane Carpenter, Jenny Chang-Claude, Ji-Yeob Choi, Kathleen B M Claes, Christine Clarke, Angela Cox, Simon S Cross, Kamila Czene, Mary B Daly, Miguel de la Hoya, Kim De Leeneer, Peter Devilee, Orland Diez, Susan M Domchek, Michele Doody, Cecilia M Dorfling, Thilo Dörk, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Martine Dumont, Miriam Dwek, Bernd Dworniczak, Kathleen Egan, Ursula Eilber, Zakaria Einbeigi, Bent Ejlertsen, Steve Ellis, Debra Frost, Fiona Lalloo, Peter A Fasching, Jonine Figueroa, Henrik Flyger, Michael Friedlander, Eitan Friedman, Gaetana Gambino, Yu-Tang Gao, Judy Garber, Montserrat García-Closas, Andrea Gehrig, Francesca Damiola, Fabienne Lesueur, Sylvie Mazoyer, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Graham G Giles, Andrew K Godwin, David E Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Mark H Greene, Pascal Guénel, Lothar Haeberle, Christopher A Haiman, Emily Hallberg, Ute Hamann, Thomas V O Hansen, Steven Hart, Jaana M Hartikainen, Mikael Hartman, Norhashimah Hassan, Sue Healey, Frans B L Hogervorst, Senno Verhoef, Carolyn B Hendricks, Peter Hillemanns, Antoinette Hollestelle, Peter J Hulick, David J Hunter, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Hidemi Ito, Anna Jakubowska, Ramunas Janavicius, Katarzyna Jaworska-Bieniek, Uffe Birk Jensen, Esther M John, Charles Joly Beauparlant, Michael Jones, Maria Kabisch, Daehee Kang, Beth Y Karlan, Saila Kauppila, Michael J Kerin, Sofia Khan, Elza Khusnutdinova, Julia A Knight, Irene Konstantopoulou, Peter Kraft, Ava Kwong, Yael Laitman, Diether Lambrechts, Conxi Lazaro, Loic Le Marchand, Chuen Neng Lee, Min Hyuk Lee, Jenny Lester, Jingmei Li, Annelie Liljegren, Annika Lindblom, Artitaya Lophatananon, Jan Lubinski, Phuong L Mai, Arto Mannermaa, Siranoush Manoukian, Sara Margolin, Frederik Marme, Keitaro Matsuo, Lesley McGuffog, Alfons Meindl, Florence Menegaux, Marco Montagna, Kenneth Muir, Anna Marie Mulligan, Katherine L Nathanson, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Polly A Newcomb, Silje Nord, Robert L Nussbaum, Kenneth Offit, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Curtis Olswold, Ana Osorio, Laura Papi, Tjoung-Won Park-Simon, Ylva Paulsson-Karlsson, Stephanie Peeters, Bernard Peissel, Paolo Peterlongo, Julian Peto, Georg Pfeiler, Catherine M Phelan, Nadege Presneau, Paolo Radice, Nazneen Rahman, Susan J Ramus, Muhammad Usman Rashid, Gad Rennert, Kerstin Rhiem, Anja Rudolph, Ritu Salani, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Elinor J Sawyer, Marjanka K Schmidt, Rita K Schmutzler, Minouk J Schoemaker, Peter Schürmann, Caroline Seynaeve, Chen-Yang Shen, Martha J Shrubsole, Xiao-Ou Shu, Alice Sigurdson, Christian F Singer, Susan Slager, Penny Soucy, Melissa Southey, Doris Steinemann, Anthony Swerdlow, Csilla I Szabo, Sandrine Tchatchou, Manuel R Teixeira, Soo H Teo, Mary Beth Terry, Daniel C Tessier, Alex Teulé, Mads Thomassen, Laima Tihomirova, Marc Tischkowitz, Amanda E Toland, Nadine Tung, Clare Turnbull, Ans M W van den Ouweland, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, David Ven den Berg, Joseph Vijai, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Alice S Whittemore, Robert Winqvist, Tien Y Wong, Anna H Wu, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Jyh-Cherng Yu, Paul D P Pharoah, Per Hall, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Alison M Dunning, Jacques Simard, Fergus J Couch, Antonis C Antoniou, Douglas F Easton, Wei Zheng
BACKGROUND: Multiple recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs10771399, at 12p11 that is associated with breast cancer risk. METHOD: We performed a fine-scale mapping study of a 700 kb region including 441 genotyped and more than 1300 imputed genetic variants in 48,155 cases and 43,612 controls of European descent, 6269 cases and 6624 controls of East Asian descent and 1116 cases and 932 controls of African descent in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC; http://bcac...
June 21, 2016: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432226/genome-wide-meta-analyses-of-breast-ovarian-and-prostate-cancer-association-studies-identify-multiple-new-susceptibility-loci-shared-by-at-least-two-cancer-types
#10
Siddhartha P Kar, Jonathan Beesley, Ali Amin Al Olama, Kyriaki Michailidou, Jonathan Tyrer, ZSofia Kote-Jarai, Kate Lawrenson, Sara Lindstrom, Susan J Ramus, Deborah J Thompson, Adam S Kibel, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Agnieszka Michael, Aida K Dieffenbach, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Alice S Whittemore, Alicja Wolk, Alvaro Monteiro, Ana Peixoto, Andrzej Kierzek, Angela Cox, Anja Rudolph, Anna Gonzalez-Neira, Anna H Wu, Annika Lindblom, Anthony Swerdlow, Argyrios Ziogas, Arif B Ekici, Barbara Burwinkel, Beth Y Karlan, Børge G Nordestgaard, Carl Blomqvist, Catherine Phelan, Catriona McLean, Celeste Leigh Pearce, Celine Vachon, Cezary Cybulski, Chavdar Slavov, Christa Stegmaier, Christiane Maier, Christine B Ambrosone, Claus K Høgdall, Craig C Teerlink, Daehee Kang, Daniel C Tessier, Daniel J Schaid, Daniel O Stram, Daniel W Cramer, David E Neal, Diana Eccles, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Digna R Velez Edwards, Dominika Wokozorczyk, Douglas A Levine, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Elinor J Sawyer, Elisa V Bandera, Elizabeth M Poole, Ellen L Goode, Elza Khusnutdinova, Estrid Høgdall, Fengju Song, Fiona Bruinsma, Florian Heitz, Francesmary Modugno, Freddie C Hamdy, Fredrik Wiklund, Graham G Giles, Håkan Olsson, Hans Wildiers, Hans-Ulrich Ulmer, Hardev Pandha, Harvey A Risch, Hatef Darabi, Helga B Salvesen, Heli Nevanlinna, Henrik Gronberg, Hermann Brenner, Hiltrud Brauch, Hoda Anton-Culver, Honglin Song, Hui-Yi Lim, Iain McNeish, Ian Campbell, Ignace Vergote, Jacek Gronwald, Jan Lubiński, Janet L Stanford, Javier Benítez, Jennifer A Doherty, Jennifer B Permuth, Jenny Chang-Claude, Jenny L Donovan, Joe Dennis, Joellen M Schildkraut, Johanna Schleutker, John L Hopper, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Jong Y Park, Jonine Figueroa, Judith A Clements, Julia A Knight, Julian Peto, Julie M Cunningham, Julio Pow-Sang, Jyotsna Batra, Kamila Czene, Karen H Lu, Kathleen Herkommer, Kay-Tee Khaw, Keitaro Matsuo, Kenneth Muir, Kenneth Offitt, Kexin Chen, Kirsten B Moysich, Kristiina Aittomäki, Kunle Odunsi, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Leon F A G Massuger, Liesel M Fitzgerald, Linda S Cook, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Maartje J Hooning, Malcolm C Pike, Manjeet K Bolla, Manuel Luedeke, Manuel R Teixeira, Marc T Goodman, Marjanka K Schmidt, Marjorie Riggan, Markus Aly, Mary Anne Rossing, Matthias W Beckmann, Matthieu Moisse, Maureen Sanderson, Melissa C Southey, Michael Jones, Michael Lush, Michelle A T Hildebrandt, Ming-Feng Hou, Minouk J Schoemaker, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, Natalia Bogdanova, Nazneen Rahman, Nhu D Le, Nick Orr, Nicolas Wentzensen, Nora Pashayan, Paolo Peterlongo, Pascal Guénel, Paul Brennan, Paula Paulo, Penelope M Webb, Per Broberg, Peter A Fasching, Peter Devilee, Qin Wang, Qiuyin Cai, Qiyuan Li, Radka Kaneva, Ralf Butzow, Reidun Kristin Kopperud, Rita K Schmutzler, Robert A Stephenson, Robert J MacInnis, Robert N Hoover, Robert Winqvist, Roberta Ness, Roger L Milne, Ruth C Travis, Sara Benlloch, Sara H Olson, Shannon K McDonnell, Shelley S Tworoger, Sofia Maia, Sonja Berndt, Soo Chin Lee, Soo-Hwang Teo, Stephen N Thibodeau, Stig E Bojesen, Susan M Gapstur, Susanne Krüger Kjær, Tanja Pejovic, Teuvo L J Tammela, Thilo Dörk, Thomas Brüning, Tiina Wahlfors, Tim J Key, Todd L Edwards, Usha Menon, Ute Hamann, Vanio Mitev, Veli-Matti Kosma, Veronica Wendy Setiawan, Vessela Kristensen, Volker Arndt, Walther Vogel, Wei Zheng, Weiva Sieh, William J Blot, Wojciech Kluzniak, Xiao-Ou Shu, Yu-Tang Gao, Fredrick Schumacher, Matthew L Freedman, Andrew Berchuck, Alison M Dunning, Jacques Simard, Christopher A Haiman, Amanda Spurdle, Thomas A Sellers, David J Hunter, Brian E Henderson, Peter Kraft, Stephen J Chanock, Fergus J Couch, Per Hall, Simon A Gayther, Douglas F Easton, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Rosalind Eeles, Paul D P Pharoah, Diether Lambrechts
UNLABELLED: Breast, ovarian, and prostate cancers are hormone-related and may have a shared genetic basis, but this has not been investigated systematically by genome-wide association (GWA) studies. Meta-analyses combining the largest GWA meta-analysis data sets for these cancers totaling 112,349 cases and 116,421 controls of European ancestry, all together and in pairs, identified at P < 10(-8) seven new cross-cancer loci: three associated with susceptibility to all three cancers (rs17041869/2q13/BCL2L11; rs7937840/11q12/INCENP; rs1469713/19p13/GATAD2A), two breast and ovarian cancer risk loci (rs200182588/9q31/SMC2; rs8037137/15q26/RCCD1), and two breast and prostate cancer risk loci (rs5013329/1p34/NSUN4; rs9375701/6q23/L3MBTL3)...
September 2016: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402876/an-intergenic-risk-locus-containing-an-enhancer-deletion-in-2q35-modulates-breast-cancer-risk-by-deregulating-igfbp5-expression
#11
Asaf Wyszynski, Chi-Chen Hong, Kristin Lam, Kyriaki Michailidou, Christian Lytle, Song Yao, Yali Zhang, Manjeet K Bolla, Qin Wang, Joe Dennis, John L Hopper, Melissa C Southey, Marjanka K Schmidt, Annegien Broeks, Kenneth Muir, Artitaya Lophatananon, Peter A Fasching, Matthias W Beckmann, Julian Peto, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Elinor J Sawyer, Ian Tomlinson, Barbara Burwinkel, Frederik Marme, Pascal Guénel, Thérèse Truong, Stig E Bojesen, Børge G Nordestgaard, Anna González-Neira, Javier Benitez, Susan L Neuhausen, Hermann Brenner, Aida Karina Dieffenbach, Alfons Meindl, Rita K Schmutzler, Hiltrud Brauch, Heli Nevanlinna, Sofia Khan, Keitaro Matsuo, Hidemi Ito, Thilo Dörk, Natalia V Bogdanova, Annika Lindblom, Sara Margolin, Arto Mannermaa, Veli-Matti Kosma, Anna H Wu, David Van Den Berg, Diether Lambrechts, Hans Wildiers, Jenny Chang-Claude, Anja Rudolph, Paolo Radice, Paolo Peterlongo, Fergus J Couch, Janet E Olson, Graham G Giles, Roger L Milne, Christopher A Haiman, Brian E Henderson, Martine Dumont, Soo Hwang Teo, Tien Y Wong, Vessela Kristensen, Wei Zheng, Jirong Long, Robert Winqvist, Katri Pylkäs, Irene L Andrulis, Julia A Knight, Peter Devilee, Caroline Seynaeve, Montserrat García-Closas, Jonine Figueroa, Daniel Klevebring, Kamila Czene, Maartje J Hooning, Ans M W van den Ouweland, Hatef Darabi, Xiao-Ou Shu, Yu-Tang Gao, Angela Cox, William Blot, Lisa B Signorello, Mitul Shah, Daehee Kang, Ji-Yeob Choi, Mikael Hartman, Hui Miao, Ute Hamann, Anna Jakubowska, Jan Lubinski, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, James McKay, Amanda E Toland, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Chen-Yang Shen, Pei-Ei Wu, Anthony Swerdlow, Nick Orr, Jacques Simard, Paul D P Pharoah, Alison M Dunning, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Per Hall, Elisa Bandera, Chris Amos, Christine Ambrosone, Douglas F Easton, Michael D Cole
Breast cancer is the most diagnosed malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer mortality in females. Previous association studies have identified variants on 2q35 associated with the risk of breast cancer. To identify functional susceptibility loci for breast cancer, we interrogated the 2q35 gene desert for chromatin architecture and functional variation correlated with gene expression. We report a novel intergenic breast cancer risk locus containing an enhancer copy number variation (enCNV; deletion) located approximately 400Kb upstream to IGFBP5, which overlaps an intergenic ERα-bound enhancer that loops to the IGFBP5 promoter...
July 11, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342221/selecting-instruments-for-mendelian-randomization-in-the-wake-of-genome-wide-association-studies
#12
Daniel I Swerdlow, Karoline B Kuchenbaecker, Sonia Shah, Reecha Sofat, Michael V Holmes, Jon White, Jennifer S Mindell, Mika Kivimaki, Eric J Brunner, John C Whittaker, Juan P Casas, Aroon D Hingorani
Mendelian randomization (MR) studies typically assess the pathogenic relevance of environmental exposures or disease biomarkers, using genetic variants that instrument these exposures. The approach is gaining popularity-our systematic review reveals a greater than 10-fold increase in MR studies published between 2004 and 2015. When the MR paradigm was first proposed, few biomarker- or exposure-related genetic variants were known, most having been identified by candidate gene studies. However, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are now providing a rich source of potential instruments for MR analysis...
June 24, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117709/identification-of-four-novel-susceptibility-loci-for-oestrogen-receptor-negative-breast-cancer
#13
Fergus J Couch, Karoline B Kuchenbaecker, Kyriaki Michailidou, Gustavo A Mendoza-Fandino, Silje Nord, Janna Lilyquist, Curtis Olswold, Emily Hallberg, Simona Agata, Habibul Ahsan, Kristiina Aittomäki, Christine Ambrosone, Irene L Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Volker Arndt, Banu K Arun, Brita Arver, Monica Barile, Rosa B Barkardottir, Daniel Barrowdale, Lars Beckmann, Matthias W Beckmann, Javier Benitez, Stephanie V Blank, Carl Blomqvist, Natalia V Bogdanova, Stig E Bojesen, Manjeet K Bolla, Bernardo Bonanni, Hiltrud Brauch, Hermann Brenner, Barbara Burwinkel, Saundra S Buys, Trinidad Caldes, Maria A Caligo, Federico Canzian, Jane Carpenter, Jenny Chang-Claude, Stephen J Chanock, Wendy K Chung, Kathleen B M Claes, Angela Cox, Simon S Cross, Julie M Cunningham, Kamila Czene, Mary B Daly, Francesca Damiola, Hatef Darabi, Miguel de la Hoya, Peter Devilee, Orland Diez, Yuan C Ding, Riccardo Dolcetti, Susan M Domchek, Cecilia M Dorfling, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Martine Dumont, Alison M Dunning, Diana M Eccles, Hans Ehrencrona, Arif B Ekici, Heather Eliassen, Steve Ellis, Peter A Fasching, Jonine Figueroa, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Asta Försti, Florentia Fostira, William D Foulkes, Tara Friebel, Eitan Friedman, Debra Frost, Marike Gabrielson, Marilie D Gammon, Patricia A Ganz, Susan M Gapstur, Judy Garber, Mia M Gaudet, Simon A Gayther, Anne-Marie Gerdes, Maya Ghoussaini, Graham G Giles, Gord Glendon, Andrew K Godwin, Mark S Goldberg, David E Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Mark H Greene, Jacek Gronwald, Pascal Guénel, Marc Gunter, Lothar Haeberle, Christopher A Haiman, Ute Hamann, Thomas V O Hansen, Steven Hart, Sue Healey, Tuomas Heikkinen, Brian E Henderson, Josef Herzog, Frans B L Hogervorst, Antoinette Hollestelle, Maartje J Hooning, Robert N Hoover, John L Hopper, Keith Humphreys, David J Hunter, Tomasz Huzarski, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Anna Jakubowska, Paul James, Ramunas Janavicius, Uffe Birk Jensen, Esther M John, Michael Jones, Maria Kabisch, Siddhartha Kar, Beth Y Karlan, Sofia Khan, Kay-Tee Khaw, Muhammad G Kibriya, Julia A Knight, Yon-Dschun Ko, Irene Konstantopoulou, Veli-Matti Kosma, Vessela Kristensen, Ava Kwong, Yael Laitman, Diether Lambrechts, Conxi Lazaro, Eunjung Lee, Loic Le Marchand, Jenny Lester, Annika Lindblom, Noralane Lindor, Sara Lindstrom, Jianjun Liu, Jirong Long, Jan Lubinski, Phuong L Mai, Enes Makalic, Kathleen E Malone, Arto Mannermaa, Siranoush Manoukian, Sara Margolin, Frederik Marme, John W M Martens, Lesley McGuffog, Alfons Meindl, Austin Miller, Roger L Milne, Penelope Miron, Marco Montagna, Sylvie Mazoyer, Anna M Mulligan, Taru A Muranen, Katherine L Nathanson, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Børge G Nordestgaard, Robert L Nussbaum, Kenneth Offit, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Janet E Olson, Ana Osorio, Sue K Park, Petra H Peeters, Bernard Peissel, Paolo Peterlongo, Julian Peto, Catherine M Phelan, Robert Pilarski, Bruce Poppe, Katri Pylkäs, Paolo Radice, Nazneen Rahman, Johanna Rantala, Christine Rappaport, Gad Rennert, Andrea Richardson, Mark Robson, Isabelle Romieu, Anja Rudolph, Emiel J Rutgers, Maria-Jose Sanchez, Regina M Santella, Elinor J Sawyer, Daniel F Schmidt, Marjanka K Schmidt, Rita K Schmutzler, Fredrick Schumacher, Rodney Scott, Leigha Senter, Priyanka Sharma, Jacques Simard, Christian F Singer, Olga M Sinilnikova, Penny Soucy, Melissa Southey, Doris Steinemann, Marie Stenmark-Askmalm, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Anthony Swerdlow, Csilla I Szabo, Rulla Tamimi, William Tapper, Manuel R Teixeira, Soo-Hwang Teo, Mary B Terry, Mads Thomassen, Deborah Thompson, Laima Tihomirova, Amanda E Toland, Robert A E M Tollenaar, Ian Tomlinson, Thérèse Truong, Helen Tsimiklis, Alex Teulé, Rosario Tumino, Nadine Tung, Clare Turnbull, Giski Ursin, Carolien H M van Deurzen, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Raymonda Varon-Mateeva, Zhaoming Wang, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Elisabete Weiderpass, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Alice Whittemore, Hans Wildiers, Robert Winqvist, Xiaohong R Yang, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Song Yao, M Pilar Zamora, Wei Zheng, Per Hall, Peter Kraft, Celine Vachon, Susan Slager, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Paul D P Pharoah, Alvaro A N Monteiro, Montserrat García-Closas, Douglas F Easton, Antonis C Antoniou
Common variants in 94 loci have been associated with breast cancer including 15 loci with genome-wide significant associations (P<5 × 10(-8)) with oestrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer and BRCA1-associated breast cancer risk. In this study, to identify new ER-negative susceptibility loci, we performed a meta-analysis of 11 genome-wide association studies (GWAS) consisting of 4,939 ER-negative cases and 14,352 controls, combined with 7,333 ER-negative cases and 42,468 controls and 15,252 BRCA1 mutation carriers genotyped on the iCOGS array...
April 27, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26959703/genetic-insights-into-statin-associated-diabetes-risk
#14
Daniel I Swerdlow, David Preiss
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Meta-analyses of major statin trials have suggested that statin therapy modestly increases the risk of developing diabetes. However, the quality of the data on which these findings are based is not without weaknesses and it has also been unclear whether this effect, if true, is an on-target or off-target effect of statins. RECENT FINDINGS: In a major Mendelian randomization study of variants in the HMGCR gene, which encodes the protein through which statins exert their effect, two polymorphisms associated with lower LDL-cholesterol were also associated with higher weight, higher waist circumference, higher glucose and higher diabetes risk...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26946290/harnessing-publicly-available-genetic-data-to-prioritize-lipid-modifying-therapeutic-targets-for-prevention-of-coronary-heart-disease-based-on-dysglycemic-risk
#15
Vinicius Tragante, Folkert W Asselbergs, Daniel I Swerdlow, Tom M Palmer, Jason H Moore, Paul I W de Bakker, Brendan J Keating, Michael V Holmes
Therapeutic interventions that lower LDL-cholesterol effectively reduce the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, statins, the most widely prescribed LDL-cholesterol lowering drugs, increase diabetes risk. We used genome-wide association study (GWAS) data in the public domain to investigate the relationship of LDL-C and diabetes and identify loci encoding potential drug targets for LDL-cholesterol modification without causing dysglycemia. We obtained summary-level GWAS data for LDL-C from GLGC, glycemic traits from MAGIC, diabetes from DIAGRAM and CAD from CARDIoGRAMplusC4D consortia...
May 2016: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928228/breast-cancer-risk-variants-at-6q25-display-different-phenotype-associations-and-regulate-esr1-rmnd1-and-ccdc170
#16
Alison M Dunning, Kyriaki Michailidou, Karoline B Kuchenbaecker, Deborah Thompson, Juliet D French, Jonathan Beesley, Catherine S Healey, Siddhartha Kar, Karen A Pooley, Elena Lopez-Knowles, Ed Dicks, Daniel Barrowdale, Nicholas A Sinnott-Armstrong, Richard C Sallari, Kristine M Hillman, Susanne Kaufmann, Haran Sivakumaran, Mahdi Moradi Marjaneh, Jason S Lee, Margaret Hills, Monika Jarosz, Suzie Drury, Sander Canisius, Manjeet K Bolla, Joe Dennis, Qin Wang, John L Hopper, Melissa C Southey, Annegien Broeks, Marjanka K Schmidt, Artitaya Lophatananon, Kenneth Muir, Matthias W Beckmann, Peter A Fasching, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Julian Peto, Elinor J Sawyer, Ian Tomlinson, Barbara Burwinkel, Frederik Marme, Pascal Guénel, Thérèse Truong, Stig E Bojesen, Henrik Flyger, Anna González-Neira, Jose I A Perez, Hoda Anton-Culver, Lee Eunjung, Volker Arndt, Hermann Brenner, Alfons Meindl, Rita K Schmutzler, Hiltrud Brauch, Ute Hamann, Kristiina Aittomäki, Carl Blomqvist, Hidemi Ito, Keitaro Matsuo, Natasha Bogdanova, Thilo Dörk, Annika Lindblom, Sara Margolin, Veli-Matti Kosma, Arto Mannermaa, Chiu-Chen Tseng, Anna H Wu, Diether Lambrechts, Hans Wildiers, Jenny Chang-Claude, Anja Rudolph, Paolo Peterlongo, Paolo Radice, Janet E Olson, Graham G Giles, Roger L Milne, Christopher A Haiman, Brian E Henderson, Mark S Goldberg, Soo H Teo, Cheng Har Yip, Silje Nord, Anne-Lise Borresen-Dale, Vessela Kristensen, Jirong Long, Wei Zheng, Katri Pylkäs, Robert Winqvist, Irene L Andrulis, Julia A Knight, Peter Devilee, Caroline Seynaeve, Jonine Figueroa, Mark E Sherman, Kamila Czene, Hatef Darabi, Antoinette Hollestelle, Ans M W van den Ouweland, Keith Humphreys, Yu-Tang Gao, Xiao-Ou Shu, Angela Cox, Simon S Cross, William Blot, Qiuyin Cai, Maya Ghoussaini, Barbara J Perkins, Mitul Shah, Ji-Yeob Choi, Daehee Kang, Soo Chin Lee, Mikael Hartman, Maria Kabisch, Diana Torres, Anna Jakubowska, Jan Lubinski, Paul Brennan, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Christine B Ambrosone, Amanda E Toland, Chen-Yang Shen, Pei-Ei Wu, Nick Orr, Anthony Swerdlow, Lesley McGuffog, Sue Healey, Andrew Lee, Miroslav Kapuscinski, Esther M John, Mary Beth Terry, Mary B Daly, David E Goldgar, Saundra S Buys, Ramunas Janavicius, Laima Tihomirova, Nadine Tung, Cecilia M Dorfling, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Susan L Neuhausen, Bent Ejlertsen, Thomas V O Hansen, Ana Osorio, Javier Benitez, Rachel Rando, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Bernardo Bonanni, Bernard Peissel, Siranoush Manoukian, Laura Papi, Laura Ottini, Irene Konstantopoulou, Paraskevi Apostolou, Judy Garber, Muhammad Usman Rashid, Debra Frost, Louise Izatt, Steve Ellis, Andrew K Godwin, Norbert Arnold, Dieter Niederacher, Kerstin Rhiem, Nadja Bogdanova-Markov, Charlotte Sagne, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Francesca Damiola, Olga M Sinilnikova, Sylvie Mazoyer, Claudine Isaacs, Kathleen B M Claes, Kim De Leeneer, Miguel de la Hoya, Trinidad Caldes, Heli Nevanlinna, Sofia Khan, Arjen R Mensenkamp, Maartje J Hooning, Matti A Rookus, Ava Kwong, Edith Olah, Orland Diez, Joan Brunet, Miquel Angel Pujana, Jacek Gronwald, Tomasz Huzarski, Rosa B Barkardottir, Rachel Laframboise, Penny Soucy, Marco Montagna, Simona Agata, Manuel R Teixeira, Sue Kyung Park, Noralane Lindor, Fergus J Couch, Marc Tischkowitz, Lenka Foretova, Joseph Vijai, Kenneth Offit, Christian F Singer, Christine Rappaport, Catherine M Phelan, Mark H Greene, Phuong L Mai, Gad Rennert, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Peter J Hulick, Kelly-Anne Phillips, Marion Piedmonte, Anna Marie Mulligan, Gord Glendon, Anders Bojesen, Mads Thomassen, Maria A Caligo, Sook-Yee Yoon, Eitan Friedman, Yael Laitman, Ake Borg, Anna von Wachenfeldt, Hans Ehrencrona, Johanna Rantala, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Patricia A Ganz, Robert L Nussbaum, Simon A Gayther, Katherine L Nathanson, Susan M Domchek, Banu K Arun, Gillian Mitchell, Beth Y Karlan, Jenny Lester, Gertraud Maskarinec, Christy Woolcott, Christopher Scott, Jennifer Stone, Carmel Apicella, Rulla Tamimi, Robert Luben, Kay-Tee Khaw, Åslaug Helland, Vilde Haakensen, Mitch Dowsett, Paul D P Pharoah, Jacques Simard, Per Hall, Montserrat García-Closas, Celine Vachon, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Antonis C Antoniou, Douglas F Easton, Stacey L Edwards
We analyzed 3,872 common genetic variants across the ESR1 locus (encoding estrogen receptor α) in 118,816 subjects from three international consortia. We found evidence for at least five independent causal variants, each associated with different phenotype sets, including estrogen receptor (ER(+) or ER(-)) and human ERBB2 (HER2(+) or HER2(-)) tumor subtypes, mammographic density and tumor grade. The best candidate causal variants for ER(-) tumors lie in four separate enhancer elements, and their risk alleles reduce expression of ESR1, RMND1 and CCDC170, whereas the risk alleles of the strongest candidates for the remaining independent causal variant disrupt a silencer element and putatively increase ESR1 and RMND1 expression...
April 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26884359/genetic-predisposition-to-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-of-the-breast
#17
Christos Petridis, Mark N Brook, Vandna Shah, Kelly Kohut, Patricia Gorman, Michele Caneppele, Dina Levi, Efterpi Papouli, Nick Orr, Angela Cox, Simon S Cross, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Julian Peto, Anthony Swerdlow, Minouk J Schoemaker, Manjeet K Bolla, Qin Wang, Joe Dennis, Kyriaki Michailidou, Javier Benitez, Anna González-Neira, Daniel C Tessier, Daniel Vincent, Jingmei Li, Jonine Figueroa, Vessela Kristensen, Anne-Lise Borresen-Dale, Penny Soucy, Jacques Simard, Roger L Milne, Graham G Giles, Sara Margolin, Annika Lindblom, Thomas Brüning, Hiltrud Brauch, Melissa C Southey, John L Hopper, Thilo Dörk, Natalia V Bogdanova, Maria Kabisch, Ute Hamann, Rita K Schmutzler, Alfons Meindl, Hermann Brenner, Volker Arndt, Robert Winqvist, Katri Pylkäs, Peter A Fasching, Matthias W Beckmann, Jan Lubinski, Anna Jakubowska, Anna Marie Mulligan, Irene L Andrulis, Rob A E M Tollenaar, Peter Devilee, Loic Le Marchand, Christopher A Haiman, Arto Mannermaa, Veli-Matti Kosma, Paolo Radice, Paolo Peterlongo, Frederik Marme, Barbara Burwinkel, Carolien H M van Deurzen, Antoinette Hollestelle, Nicola Miller, Michael J Kerin, Diether Lambrechts, Giuseppe Floris, Jelle Wesseling, Henrik Flyger, Stig E Bojesen, Song Yao, Christine B Ambrosone, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Thérèse Truong, Pascal Guénel, Anja Rudolph, Jenny Chang-Claude, Heli Nevanlinna, Carl Blomqvist, Kamila Czene, Judith S Brand, Janet E Olson, Fergus J Couch, Alison M Dunning, Per Hall, Douglas F Easton, Paul D P Pharoah, Sarah E Pinder, Marjanka K Schmidt, Ian Tomlinson, Rebecca Roylance, Montserrat García-Closas, Elinor J Sawyer
BACKGROUND: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a non-invasive form of breast cancer. It is often associated with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), and is considered to be a non-obligate precursor of IDC. It is not clear to what extent these two forms of cancer share low-risk susceptibility loci, or whether there are differences in the strength of association for shared loci. METHODS: To identify genetic polymorphisms that predispose to DCIS, we pooled data from 38 studies comprising 5,067 cases of DCIS, 24,584 cases of IDC and 37,467 controls, all genotyped using the iCOGS chip...
February 17, 2016: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26809778/mendelian-randomization-and-type-2-diabetes
#18
Daniel I Swerdlow
Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a common, complex disease that poses a substantial burden on individual and population health, but we have relatively limited understanding of its underlying pathophysiology. Observational studies have highlighted large numbers of risk factors for T2DM, some of which are modifiable through behavioural or pharmacological intervention. Determining which of these risk factors plays a causal role in the development of T2DM has been a challenge, but Mendelian randomisation (MR) studies are harnessing genetic data in population studies to offer new insights...
February 2016: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26781229/plasma-urate-concentration-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-a-mendelian-randomisation-analysis
#19
Jon White, Reecha Sofat, Gibran Hemani, Tina Shah, Jorgen Engmann, Caroline Dale, Sonia Shah, Felix A Kruger, Claudia Giambartolomei, Daniel I Swerdlow, Tom Palmer, Stela McLachlan, Claudia Langenberg, Delilah Zabaneh, Ruth Lovering, Alana Cavadino, Barbara Jefferis, Chris Finan, Andrew Wong, Antoinette Amuzu, Ken Ong, Tom R Gaunt, Helen Warren, Teri-Louise Davies, Fotios Drenos, Jackie Cooper, Shah Ebrahim, Debbie A Lawlor, Philippa J Talmud, Steve E Humphries, Christine Power, Elina Hypponen, Marcus Richards, Rebecca Hardy, Diana Kuh, Nicholas Wareham, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Ian N Day, Peter Whincup, Richard Morris, Mark W J Strachan, Jacqueline Price, Meena Kumari, Mika Kivimaki, Vincent Plagnol, John C Whittaker, George Davey Smith, Frank Dudbridge, Juan P Casas, Michael V Holmes, Aroon D Hingorani
BACKGROUND: Increased circulating plasma urate concentration is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease, but the extent of any causative effect of urate on risk of coronary heart disease is still unclear. In this study, we aimed to clarify any causal role of urate on coronary heart disease risk using Mendelian randomisation analysis. METHODS: We first did a fixed-effects meta-analysis of the observational association of plasma urate and risk of coronary heart disease...
April 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26737578/icd-lead-failure-detection-in-chronic-soaked-leads
#20
Daniel T Kollmann, Charles D Swerdlow, Mark W Kroll, Gregory J Seifert, Patrick A Lichter, Daniel S Hedin, Dorin Panescu
Abrasion-induced insulation breach is a common failure mode of silicone-body, transvenous, implantable cardioverter defibrillator leads. It is caused either by external compression or internal motion of conducting cables. The present method of monitoring lead integrity measures low frequency conductor impedance. It cannot detect insulation failures until both the silicone lead body and inner fluoropolymer insulation have been breached completely, exposing conductors directly to blood or tissue. Even then the resistance changes are usually swamped by the baseline values...
August 2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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