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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333354/men-s-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-relating-to-fertility
#1
Karin Hammarberg, Veronica Collins, Carol Holden, Kate Young, Robert McLachlan
BACKGROUND: The increasingly common practice in high-income countries to delay childbearing to the fourth and fifth decades of life increases the risk of involuntary childlessness or having fewer children than desired. Older age also increases the risk of age-related infertility, the need for ART to conceive, and obstetric and neonatal complications. Existing research relating to childbearing focusses almost exclusively on women, and in public discourse declining fertility rates are often assumed to be the result of women delaying childbearing to pursue other life goals such as a career and travel...
March 10, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333218/gay-fathers-motivations-for-and-feelings-about-surrogacy-as-a-path-to-parenthood
#2
L Blake, N Carone, E Raffanello, Jenna Slutsky, A A Ehrhardt, S Golombok
STUDY QUESTION: Why do gay men choose to start their families through surrogacy? SUMMARY ANSWER: Most fathers chose surrogacy because they considered adoption to be a less desirable and/or accessible path to parenthood. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Little is known of gay fathers' motivations to use surrogacy as a path to parenthood over and above other forms of family building, such as adoption, and no studies have examined fathers' satisfaction with the surrogacy process...
February 23, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332077/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-the-views-and-attitudes-towards-prenatal-testing-in-adults-who-have-muenke-syndrome-and-their-partners
#3
Julie Phipps, Heather Skirton
Muenke syndrome constitutes the most common syndromic form of craniosynostosis, occurring in 1 in 30,000 live births. The phenotype is variable, ranging from no clinical findings to complex presentation. Facilitating reproductive decision making for couples at genetic risk of having a child with Muenke syndrome is an important aspect of genetic counselling. Prenatal genetic testing for Muenke syndrome is accurate; however the value of testing is uncertain with a variable phenotype. The purpose of this study was to explore attitudes towards prenatal testing in couples where one partner had tested positive for the Muenke mutation...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331976/nosy-neighbours-large-broods-attract-more-visitors-a-field-experiment-in-the-pied-flycatcher-ficedula-hypoleuca
#4
Wiebke Schuett, Pauliina E Järvistö, Sara Calhim, William Velmala, Toni Laaksonen
Life is uncertain. To reduce uncertainty and make adaptive decisions, individuals need to collect information. Individuals often visit the breeding sites of their conspecifics (i.e., "prospect"), likely to assess conspecifics' reproductive success and to use such information to identify high-quality spots for future breeding. We investigated whether visitation rate by prospectors and success of visited sites are causally linked. We manipulated the reproductive success (enlarged, reduced, and control broods) in a nest-box population of migratory pied flycatchers, Ficedula hypoleuca, in Finland...
March 22, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331972/safe-sleeping-positions-practice-and-policy-for-babies-with-cleft-palate
#5
Karen Davies, Iain A Bruce, Patricia Bannister, Peter Callery
Guidance recommends 'back to sleep' positioning for infants from birth in order to reduce the risk of sudden infant death. Exceptions have been made for babies with severe respiratory difficulties where lateral positioning may be recommended, although uncertainty exists for other conditions affecting the upper airway structures, such as cleft palate. This paper presents research of (i) current advice on sleep positioning provided to parents of infants with cleft palate in the UK; and (ii) decision making by clinical nurse specialists when advising parents of infants with cleft palate...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328960/norms-and-stigma-regarding-pregnancy-decisions-during-an-unintended-pregnancy-development-and-predictors-of-scales-among-young-women-in-the-u-s-south
#6
Whitney S Rice, Bulent Turan, Kristi L Stringer, Anna Helova, Kari White, Kate Cockrill, Janet M Turan
BACKGROUND: Norms and stigma regarding pregnancy decisions (parenting, adoption, and abortion) are salient to maternal well-being, particularly for groups disproportionately affected by unintended pregnancy. However, there are few validated measures of individual-level perceptions of norms and stigma around pregnancy decisions. Additionally, little is known about variation in the content of norms regarding pregnancy decisions, and in stigma related to violations of these norms, across socio-demographic groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328120/a-qualitative-study-of-adolescents-understanding-of-biobanks-and-their-attitudes-toward-participation-re-contact-and-data-sharing
#7
Andrea M Murad, Melanie F Myers, Susan D Thompson, Rachel Fisher, Armand H Matheny Antommaria
While biobanks have become more prevalent, little is known about adolescents' views of key governance issues. We conducted semi-structured interviews with adolescents between 15 and 17 years old to solicit their views. All interviews were audiotaped and transcribed. Two investigators coded the transcripts and resolved any discrepancies through consensus. We conducted 18 interviews before reaching data saturation. Four participants (22%) had previously heard of a biobank. Many participants had misunderstandings about biobanks, some of which persisted after education...
April 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327050/infant-bed-sharing-supporting-parents-to-make-an-informed-decision
#8
Layla Lavallee, Meredith Scannell
The practice of infant bed-sharing remains controversial in countries such as the UK and the US, despite its prevalence, and healthcare professionals are often faced with the task of advising parents on bed-sharing without the support of consistent or up-to-date guidelines. This article explores UK and US recommendations on infant bed-sharing, considering the existing evidence. The possible relationship between infant bed-sharing and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is explored, alongside other factors that may be linked to SIDS...
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323454/interaction-behaviors-of-bilingual-parents-with-their-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Kristelle Hudry, Lisa Rumney, Nicole Pitt, Josephine Barbaro, Giacomo Vivanti
Given concerns that bilingual exposure might confuse children with disabilities-including autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-bilingual parents may restrict exposure to one language, often the community-dominant language. We investigated a potential consequence of this decision; the possibility that non-native language use might influence parental communicative behaviors during interaction with the child. We recruited 39 parent-child dyads, each with a young child with ASD (mostly boys) and parent/carer (mostly mothers)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322431/exploring-societal-solidarity-in-the-context-of-extreme-prematurity
#10
Manya J Hendriks, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Sabine D Klein, Jürg C Streuli, Ruth Baumann-Hölzle, Jean-Claude Fauchère
QUESTION: Extreme prematurity can result in long-term disabilities. Its impact on society is often not taken into account and deemed controversial. Our study examined attitudes of the Swiss population regarding extreme prematurity and people's perspectives regarding the question of solidarity with disabled people. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide representative anonymous telephone survey with 1210 Swiss residents aged 18 years or older. We asked how people estimate their own personal solidarity, the solidarity of their social environment and the solidarity across the country with disabled persons...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321941/tadpole-begging-reveals-high-quality
#11
Matthew B Dugas, Stephanie A Strickler, Jennifer L Stynoski
Parents can benefit from allocating limited resources non-randomly among offspring, and offspring solicitation (i.e., begging) is often hypothesized to evolve because it contains information valuable to choosy parents. We tested the predictions of three 'honest begging' hypotheses -Signal of Need, Signal of Quality, and Signal of Hunger - in the tadpoles of a terrestrial frog (Oophaga pumilio). In this frog, mothers provision tadpoles with trophic eggs, and when mothers visit, tadpoles perform a putative begging signal by stiffening their bodies and vibrating rapidly...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320730/prediction-of-the-transporter-mediated-drug-drug-interaction-potential-of-dabrafenib-and-its-major-circulating-metabolites
#12
Harma Ellens, Marta Johnson, Sarah K Lawrence, Cory A Watson, Liangfu Chen, Lauren E Richards-Peterson
The BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib was recently approved for the treatment of certain BRAF V600 mutation-positive tumors, either alone or in combination therapy with the MEK inhibitor trametinib. This article presents the dabrafenib transporter-mediated drug-drug interaction risk assessment, which is currently an important part of drug development, regulatory submission and drug registration. Dabrafenib and its major circulating metabolites (hydroxy-, carboxy- and desmethyl-dabrafenib) were investigated as inhibitors of the clinically relevant transporters Pgp, BCRP, OATP1B1, OATP1B3, OCT2, OAT1 and OAT3...
March 20, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318971/maternal-decision-making-during-pregnancy-parental-obligations-and-cultural-differences
#13
REVIEW
Janet Malek
Decision-making during pregnancy can be ethically complex. This paper offers a framework for maternal decision-making and clinical counseling that can be used to approach such decisions in a systematic way. Three fundamental questions are addressed: (1) Who should make decisions? (2) How should decisions be made? and (3) What is the role of the clinician? The proposed framework emphasizes the decisional authority of the pregnant woman. It draws ethical support from the concept of a good parent and the requirements of parental obligations...
February 10, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318276/perception-of-partner-sexual-history-effects-on-safe-sex-intentions
#14
Talea Cornelius, Trace Kershaw
OBJECTIVE: Sexual intercourse is a dyadic activity, and intentions to engage in safe sex vary across partners. Because pregnant and newly parenting adolescents and young adults are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), it is important to understand sexual decision-making in this population. METHOD: This cross-sectional study examined how participants' own risk behavior and their partners' risk behavior influence perceptions of partner risk, and the impact of risk perceptions on condom use intentions and monogamy intentions in 296 pregnant adolescent and young adult couples (MAgeFemale = 18...
March 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316266/differing-perspectives-on-parent-access-to-their-child-s-electronic-medical-record-during-neonatal-intensive-care-hospitalization-a-pilot-study
#15
Rebecca K Chung, Una Olivia Kim, Mir Abdul Basir
OBJECTIVE: To improve informed medical decision-making, principles for family-centered neonatal care recommends that parents have access to their child's medical record on an ongoing basis during neonatal intensive unit care (NICU) hospitalization. Currently many NICUs do not allow independent parent access to their child's electronic medical record (EMR) during hospitalization. We undertook a cross-sectional survey pilot study of medical professionals and parents to explore opinions regarding this practice...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315547/how-can-i-change-my-patients-treatment-decision-making-by-becoming-a-nurse-scientist-%C3%A2
#16
Tamryn F Gray
"What would you do?" I have heard this question numerous times throughout my nursing career by patients and families affected by cancer. As a pediatric blood and marrow transplantation nurse, I have often seen patients and their families wrestle with difficult treatment decisions. I have witnessed parents struggle between beginning end-of-life care for their child, or pursuing a risky but potentially life-saving clinical trial. With science driving advances in cancer treatments and patients playing more active roles in their care, uncertainty around cancer treatment decisions will only become more complicated...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303452/should-genetic-testing-be-offered-for-children-the-perspectives-of-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-in-families-with-li-fraumeni-syndrome
#17
Melissa A Alderfer, Robert B Lindell, Claire I Viadro, Kristin Zelley, Jessica Valdez, Belinda Mandrell, Carol A Ford, Kim E Nichols
Whether children should be offered genetic testing for cancer risk is much debated but young voices are rarely heard in these conversations. The current study explored perspectives of genetic testing held by adolescents and emerging adults in families with Li Fraumeni syndrome (LFS). Twelve 12- to 25-year-olds in families with LFS completed qualitative interviews for this study. All believed that testing should be offered for children but many qualified this statement saying parental approval would be needed and testing should be optional...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302868/oxidative-ecology-of-paternal-care-in-wild-smallmouth-bass-micropterus-dolomieu
#18
Laura K Elmer, Constance M O'Connor, David P Philipp, Glen Van Der Kraak, Kathleen M Gilmour, William G Willmore, Brandon L Barthel, Steven J Cooke
Physiologically, oxidative stress is considered a homeostatic imbalance between reactive oxygen species production and absorption. From an ecological perspective, oxidative stress may serve as an important constraint to life history traits such as lifespan, reproduction, and the immune system, and is gaining interest as a potential mechanism underlying life history trade-offs. Of late, there has been much interest in understanding the role of oxidative stress in the ecology of wild animals, particularly during challenging periods such as reproduction...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300971/culture-versus-the-law-in-the-decision-not-to-vaccinate-children-meanings-assigned-by-middle-class-couples-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#19
Carolina Luisa Alves Barbieri, Márcia Thereza Couto, Fernando Mussa Abujamra Aith
This study aimed to learn how middle-class parents in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, interpreted the country's prevailing vaccination requirements, based on their experiences with vaccinating, selectively vaccinating, or not vaccinating their children. A qualitative approach was used with in-depth interviews. The analytical process was guided by content analysis and the theoretical framework of the anthropology of the law and morality. For parents that vaccinated, Brazil's culture of immunization outweighed the feeling of compliance with the law; for selective parents, selection of vaccines was not perceived as deviating from the law...
March 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299785/should-obese-women-s-access-to-assisted-fertility-treatment-be-limited-a-scientific-and-ethical-analysis
#20
Kelton Tremellen, Dominic Wilkinson, Julian Savulescu
Obesity is associated with a reduction in fertility treatment success and increased risks to mother and child. Therefore guidelines of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) suggest that a body mass index exceeding 35 kg/m(2) should be an absolute contraindication to assisted fertility treatment such as in vitro fertilisation IVF. In this paper we challenge the ethical and scientific basis for such a ban. Livebirth rates for severely obese women are reduced by up to 30%, but this result is still far better than that observed for many older women who are allowed access to IVF...
March 16, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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