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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447922/are-you-being-served-the-relationship-between-school-climate-for-service-and-teachers-engagement-satisfaction-and-intention-to-leave-a-moderated-mediation-model
#1
Liat Eldor, Anat Shoshani
The notion of service has been receiving increasing attention in organizational psychology literature in recent years, due to the client-oriented managerial movement. Yet, little to no attention has been paid to the service notion in educational psychology despite its high relevance to educational settings, given the pressure to be more service-oriented and possess a client-focused state of mind. The present study explores the notion of service in school domains by examining the joint effects of climate for service and the internal service in schools on teachers' work attitudes: work engagement, job satisfaction, and intention to leave their work...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445608/sexual-and-gender-minority-adolescents-views-on-hiv-research-participation-and-parental-permission-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Brian Mustanski, Ryan Coventry, Kathryn Macapagal, Miriam R Arbeit, Celia B Fisher
CONTEXT: Sexual and gender minority adolescents are underrepresented in HIV research, partly because institutional review boards (IRBs) are reluctant to waive parental permission requirements for these studies. Understanding teenagers' perspectives on parental permission and the risks and benefits of participating in HIV research is critical to informing evidence-based IRB decisions. METHODS: Data from 74 sexual and gender minority adolescents aged 14-17 who participated in an online focus group in 2015 were used to examine perspectives on the risks and benefits of participation in a hypothetical HIV surveillance study and the need for parental permission and adequate protections...
April 26, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443117/seed-biology-updates-highlights-and-new-discoveries-in-seed-dormancy-and-germination-research
#3
REVIEW
Hiroyuki Nonogaki
An understanding of the biology of seeds has been greatly advanced in recent years. The progresses, particularly in the field of seed dormancy and germination research, have been made at a remarkable speed. Some of the possible epigenetic mechanisms, including an involvement of non-coding RNA, which were predicted for DELAY OF GERMINATION1 just a few years ago, have now been demonstrated with strong molecular and genetic evidence. Imprinting, or parent-of-origin-specific gene silencing/expression, which was characterized particularly for developing seeds, was also found in imbibed seeds and suggested for dormancy mechanisms...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442552/the-role-of-anticipated-decision-regret-and-the-patient-s-best-interest-in-sterilisation-and-medically-assisted-reproduction
#4
Heidi Mertes
There is a clear discrepancy in the way those who request medical assistance in pursuit of their reproductive choices are treated. On the one hand, women who request a sterilisation are urged to consider possible future regrets and are sometimes refused treatment in anticipation of such regrets. This is despite the fact that for all age ranges, the majority of women undergoing a sterilisation do not regret the decision. Moreover, women who are voluntarily childless are likely to have a happier and more gratifying life than parents...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442229/changing-attitudes-to-childhood-immunisation-in-english-parents
#5
Helen Campbell, Angela Edwards, Louise Letley, Helen Bedford, Mary Ramsay, Joanne Yarwood
OBJECTIVES: We undertook a national survey of parental attitudes to childhood vaccinations and compared results with those in earlier comparable surveys covering a 10year period. METHODS: We randomly selected 275 nationally representative sampling locations in England. Interviewers identified eligible primary care givers (referred to as parents) of children aged from 2months to <5years and conducted home-based interviews between January and April 2015. We aimed to recruit 1000 parents of children aged 0-2years and 1000 of children aged 3-4years...
April 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441102/the-importance-of-intergenerational-communication-in-advance-care-planning-generational-relationships-among-perceptions-and-beliefs
#6
Jennifer Freytag, Emily A Rauscher
This study explores triadic intergenerational perceptions of family members' beliefs and behaviors that often impact an individual's willingness to engage in advance care planning. Using data from 189 triads of young adults, their parents, and their grandparents, we examined generational relationships among individuals' openness about death, death anxiety, knowledge of surrogate decision-making, and advance care planning self-efficacy. Results of this study found significant relationships between grandparents and parents, as well as between parents and children for all variables except self-efficacy...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439221/congenital-hyperinsulinism-caused-by-a-de-novo-mutation-in-the-abcc8-gene-a-case-report
#7
Zsuzsanna Molnár, Lfdia Balogh, János Kappelmayer, László Madar, Éva Gombos, István Balogh
Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by inappropriate insulin secretion and severe hypoglycaemia. There are two histological subtypes: diffuse and focal form. Diffuse form is most common in autosomal recessive mutations in ABCC8/KCNJ11 gene, while focal CHI is caused a paternally inherited mutation and a somatic maternal allele loss. Here we report a case of a term male infant presented with severe hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia. Gene panel testing was performed to give rapid genetic diagnosis...
March 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432827/parenting-stress-and-its-association-with-perceived-agreement-about-the-disclosure-decision-in-parents-following-donor-conception
#8
Anja J Gebhardt, Gunilla Sydsjö, Agneta Skoog Svanberg, Astrid Indekeu, Claudia Lampic
For many donor-conceiving heterosexual parents, the process of deciding whether and what to tell children about their genetic origin is challenging. We hypothesized that incomplete couple agreement about disclosure could be associated with parenting stress. The aim of the study was to investigate (1) parenting stress levels among heterosexual parents of young children following gamete donation and (2) whether parenting stress is related to perceived agreement about disclosure of the donor conception to the children MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study is part of the longitudinal multicenter Swedish Study on Gamete Donation and included a total of 213 heterosexual parents with children age 1-4 years following oocyte donation (n = 103) and sperm donation (n = 110)...
April 22, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429620/physician-perspectives-on-decision-making-for-treatment-of-pediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing
#9
Emily F Boss, Anne R Links, Ron Saxton, Tina L Cheng, Mary Catherine Beach
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is prevalent in children and most commonly treated by surgery with adenotonsillectomy. We aimed to learn physician perspectives of social and communication factors that influence decision making for treatment of pediatric SDB. Purposive sampling identified 10 physician key informants across disciplines and practice settings, who participated in semistructured interviews regarding SDB care experiences and communication with parents. Interviews were analyzed using directed qualitative content analysis...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424958/effectiveness-of-waste-prevention-program-in-primary-students-schools
#10
Antonis A Zorpas, Irene Voukkali, Pantelitsa Loizia
Even though reducing waste is at the top of the waste hierarchy, no real decoupling between waste generation and consumption has been demonstrated. Several waste directives had been published from EU, but they have only brought minor changes within the key objective of reducing waste generation. Most efforts have been targeted towards greater amounts of recycling and better management of waste disposal. While these are necessary and socially beneficial goals, they are not adequate for the achievement of long-term sustainability goals...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421425/the-role-of-alaska-s-tribal-health-workers-in-supporting-families
#11
Miriam Chernoff, Katie Cueva
Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) are often the sole medical workers in their communities in rural Alaska, and are instrumental in providing healthcare services and education to otherwise underserved individuals. This qualitative study explored how CHA/Ps support healthy families. Six CHA/Ps from two rural communities in western Alaska were interviewed about their scope of practice, interactions with mothers, infants, families, and teens, relationship to other medical providers, and perceptions of their work...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419019/complexities-of-consent-ethics-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#12
Naomi Dreisinger, Nathan Zapolsky
Informed consent is a communicative process of sharing information with patients, which helps assure their understanding of the information provided and asks for their permission to proceed. Informed consent allows a patient or a patient's family to use his or her own value system to determine the need for a particular procedure or test. Asking a patient for permission to treat requires the provider to respect the patient's autonomy through allowing him or her to be an active part of the decision-making process...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414783/acceptability-and-feasibility-of-early-infant-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-in-malawi
#13
Charles Chilimampunga, Simeon Lijenje, Judith Sherman, Kelvin Nindi, Webster Mavhu
BACKGROUND: Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) has been successfully implemented in 14 countries as an additional HIV prevention intervention. As VMMC programs mature in most countries, the focus is now on how to sustain the HIV prevention gains realised from VMMC. As part of preparations for the sustainability phase, countries are either piloting or preparing to pilot early infant male circumcision (EIMC). This qualitative study explored the acceptability and feasibility of EIMC in Malawi in order to inform pilot implementation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414086/deadbeats-or-losers-discretionary-male-parental-investment-can-make-females-less-choosy
#14
Frazer Meacham, Thomas Getty
Two of the most important reproductive decisions that animals face are how to choose mates and how to invest in offspring. In species where both males and females provide offspring care, these selection pressures will often be reciprocally intertwined: mate preferences may depend on parental investment patterns while parental investment patterns may depend on mate preferences. We describe and analyze a mathematical model of this interaction, in which females can choose amongst males who have high attractiveness or low attractiveness, while males can decide whether to provide offspring care...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409557/randomised-controlled-trial-of-silk-therapeutic-garments-for-the-management-of-atopic-eczema-in-children-the-clothes-trial
#15
Kim S Thomas, Lucy E Bradshaw, Tracey H Sach, Fiona Cowdell, Jonathan M Batchelor, Sandra Lawton, Eleanor F Harrison, Rachel H Haines, Amina Ahmed, Taraneh Dean, Nigel P Burrows, Ian Pollock, Hannah K Buckley, Hywel C Williams, Joanne Llewellyn, Clare Crang, Jane D Grundy, Juliet Guiness, Andrew Gribbin, Eileen V Wake, Eleanor J Mitchell, Sara J Brown, Alan A Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Atopic eczema (AE) is a chronic, itchy, inflammatory skin condition that affects the quality of life of children and their families. The role of specialist clothing in the management of AE is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of silk garments for the management of AE in children with moderate to severe disease. DESIGN: Parallel-group, observer-blind, randomised controlled trial of 6 months' duration, followed by a 2-month observational period...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408466/-best-interests-in-paediatric-intensive-care-an-empirical-ethics-study
#16
Giles Birchley, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Zuzana Deans, James Fraser, Richard Huxtable
OBJECTIVE: In English paediatric practice, English law requires that parents and clinicians agree the 'best interests' of children and, if this is not possible, that the courts decide. Court intervention is rare and the concept of best interests is ambiguous. We report qualitative research exploring how the best interests standard operates in practice, particularly with decisions related to planned non-treatment. We discuss results in the light of accounts of best interests in the medical ethics literature...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408008/eliciting-preferences-for-information-provision-in-newborn-bloodspot-screening-programs
#17
Stuart J Wright, Fiona Ulph, Nimarta Dharni, Katherine Payne
BACKGROUND: The national newborn bloodspot screening programs (NBSPs) are continually expanding to screen for more conditions. OBJECTIVES: To quantify parents' preferences for information and the way in which this is provided in example NBSPs. METHODS: A hybrid choice experiment, combining a conjoint analysis and a discrete choice experiment, was designed. A sample of current and future parents between the ages of 18 and 45 years was identified via an Internet panel...
April 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406347/youth-problem-drinking-the-role-of-parental-and-familial-relationships
#18
Máté Á Balázs, Bettina F Piko, Kevin M Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use continues to be an important global public health problem and adolescence seems to be a decisive period of time in the development of drinking patterns into adulthood. While most studies concentrate on frequency and amount of alcohol, fewer studies address "problem drinking." Gathering information on youth's alcohol-related behavioral consequences is especially important. OBJECTIVES: Current research focuses on gathering information on the background of problem drinking behavior with special attention to parental/familial relationships...
April 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404154/active-observation-versus-interval-appendicectomy-after-successful-non-operative-treatment-of-an-appendix-mass-in-children-china-study-an-open-label-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Nigel J Hall, Simon Eaton, Michael P Stanton, Agostino Pierro, David M Burge
BACKGROUND: Despite a scarcity of supporting evidence, most surgeons recommend routine interval appendicectomy after successful non-operative treatment of an appendix mass in children. We aimed to compare routine interval appendicectomy with active observation. METHODS: We enrolled participants in the CHildren's INterval Appendicectomy (CHINA) study, a multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled study at 19 specialist paediatric surgery centres, 17 of which were in the UK, one in Sweden, and one in New Zealand...
April 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403659/immunizing-children
#20
Hannah C Espeleta, Lana O Beasley, Leigh E Ridings, Tyler J Smith, Jennifer D Shields
Vaccinations are considered one of public health's greatest accomplishments. Despite evidence for vaccine effectiveness, uptake levels are still well below the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's guidelines. The immunization decision-making process for parents is complex and depends on factors associated with knowledge and experiences. This qualitative study sought to expand on a previous decision-making model for immunizations by examining how individuals receive vaccination information, determining the role of experience in influencing decisions, and understanding how young adults might locate vaccination information in the future...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
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