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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156319/large-scale-analysis-of-herpesviridae-in-epilepsy-patients-with-signs-of-autoimmune-encephalitis
#1
Freya Poulheim, Laura Esposito, Christian E Elger, Anna M Eis-Hübinger, Albert J Becker, Pitt Niehusmann
PURPOSE: Epilepsy is one of the most common primary brain disorders. Nonparaneoplastic autoimmune encephalitis is increasingly recognized as an important cause of adult onset epilepsy. However, only in rare cases an initiating factor of the syndrome can be identified. Autoantibody detection after central nervous herpesvirus infection indicates a postviral etiology in a subgroup of patients. In order to analyze a possible underrecognition of postinfectious autoimmunity we performed a large-scale analysis of herpesvirus DNA in cerebrospinal fluid samples from patients with clinical signs of autoimmune encephalitis...
November 17, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144413/epstein-barr-virus-hijacks-dna-damage-response-transducers-to-orchestrate-its-life-cycle
#2
REVIEW
Pok Man Hau, Sai Wah Tsao
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous virus that infects most of the human population. EBV infection is associated with multiple human cancers, including Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, a subset of gastric carcinomas, and almost all undifferentiated non-keratinizing nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Intensive research has shown that EBV triggers a DNA damage response (DDR) during primary infection and lytic reactivation. The EBV-encoded viral proteins have been implicated in deregulating the DDR signaling pathways...
November 16, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142137/the-epstein-barr-virus-episome-maneuvers-between-nuclear-chromatin-compartments-during-reactivation
#3
Stephanie A Moquin, Sean Thomas, Sean Whalen, Alix Warburton, Samantha G Fernandez, Alison A McBride, Katherine S Pollard, J J L Miranda
The human genome is structurally organized in three-dimensional space to facilitate functional partitioning of transcription. We learned that the latent episome of the human Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) preferentially associates with gene-poor chromosomes and avoids gene-rich chromosomes. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus behaves similarly, but human papillomavirus does not. Contacts localize on the EBV side to OriP, the latent origin of replication. This genetic element, and the EBNA1 protein that binds there, are sufficient to reconstitute chromosome association preferences of the entire episome...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136714/-the-prognostic-significance-of-plasma-epstein-barr-virus-dna-in-patients-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#4
N An, Y P Xie, Y Xu, P F Shi, S X Qian
To retrospectively analyze the prognostic significance of plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA in 122 patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Plasma EBV DNA positivity was related to advanced disease stage (P=0.030), B symptoms (P=0.004) and elevated serum lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) (P=0.001). Furthermore, univariate analysis indicated that plasma EBV DNA level was associated with worse overall survival (OS) (HR=0.223, 95%CI 0.096-0.518, P<0.001) and worse progression free survival (PFS) (HR=4...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134204/latent-membrane-protein-1-is-a-novel-determinant-of-epstein-barr-virus-genome-persistence-and-reactivation
#5
Elizabeth A Caves, Rachel M Butch, Sarah A Cook, Laura R Wasil, Chen Chen, Yuanpu Peter Di, Nara Lee, Kathy H Y Shair
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous gammaherpesvirus that persistently infects humans, with nearly 95% seropositivity in adults. Infection in differentiating epithelia is permissive, but EBV-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) tumors harbor a clonal and nonproductive latent infection. However, in explanted NPC cultures and epithelial cell lines, episomal EBV genomes are frequently lost. The resulting unstable infection has hampered efforts to study the determinants of EBV persistence and latency in epithelial oncogenesis...
November 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132393/interferon-%C3%AE-inducible-protein-16-ifi16-is-required-for-the-maintenance-of-epstein-barr-virus-latency
#6
Gina Pisano, Arunava Roy, Mairaj Ahmed Ansari, Binod Kumar, Leela Chikoti, Bala Chandran
BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) exhibits both lytic and latent (Lat. I, II, and III) phases in an infected individual. It's during the latent phase of EBV that all EBV-associated cancers, including Burkitt's lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma and lymphoproliferative disease arise. Interferon-γ-inducible protein 16 (IFI16) is a well-established innate immune sensor and viral transcriptional regulator involved in response to invading DNA viruses. During latency, IFI16 remains in the nucleus, in part bound to the EBV genome; however, neither its role in EBV lytic cycle or latency has been established...
November 13, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116588/the-regulatory-role-of-protein-phosphorylation-in-human-gammaherpesvirus-associated-cancers
#7
REVIEW
Yuyan Wang, Shuvomoy Banerjee, Ling Ding, Cankun Cai, Fang Wei, Qiliang Cai
Activation of specific sets of protein kinases by intracellular signal molecules has become more and more apparent in the past decade. Phosphorylation, one of key posttranslational modification events, is activated by kinase or regulatory protein and is vital for controlling many physiological functions of eukaryotic cells such as cell proliferation, differentiation, malignant transformation, and signal transduction mediated by external stimuli. Moreovers, the reversible modification of phosphorylation and dephosphorylation can result in different features of the target substrate molecules including DNA binding, protein-protein interaction, subcellular location and enzymatic activity, and is often hijacked by viral infection...
October 2017: Virologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116021/prognostic-value-of-plasma-epstein-barr-virus-dna-level-during-posttreatment-follow-up-in-the-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-having-undergone-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy
#8
Wen-Fei Li, Yuan Zhang, Xiao-Bin Huang, Xiao-Jing Du, Ling-Long Tang, Lei Chen, Hao Peng, Rui Guo, Ying Sun, Jun Ma
BACKGROUND: The value of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA assay during posttreatment follow-up of the patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) presenting with different pretreatment plasma EBV DNA levels remains unclear. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of plasma EBV DNA assay during posttreatment follow-up in the patients with NPC who have undergone intensity-modulated radiotherapy. METHODS: The medical records of 385 NPC patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy between November 2009 and February 2012 were reviewed...
November 7, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104494/pathogenic-role-of-exosomes-in-epstein-barr-virus-ebv-associated-cancers
#9
REVIEW
Sin-Yeang Teow, Kitson Liew, Alan Soo-Beng Khoo, Suat-Cheng Peh
Exosomes are 40- to 100-nm membrane-bound small vesicles that carry a great variety of cellular cargoes including proteins, DNA, messenger RNAs (mRNAs), and microRNAs (miRNAs). These nanovesicles are detected in various biological fluids such as serum, urine, saliva, and seminal fluids. Exosomes serve as key mediators in intercellular communication by facilitating the transfer and exchange of cellular components from cells to cells. They contain various pathogenic factors whereby their adverse effects have been implicated in multiple viral infections and cancers...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103018/single-nucleotide-polymorphism-rs2274084-of-gap-junction-protein-beta-2-gene-among-epstein-barr-virus-associated-tumors
#10
Hua Xiao, Wen Liu, Zhenzhen Zhao, Yan Zhang, Yingying Song, Bing Luo
BACKGROUND: Gap junction protein beta 2 gene (GJB2) encodes one of connexins- Connexin 26 (Cx26), which mainly expressed in epithelial cells. Cx26 is usually considered a channel to exchange information between cells, which plays a critical role in tumor cell proliferation. OBJECTIVE: We investigated GJB2 rs2274084 polymorphism in three types of tumors, including nasophoryngeal carcinoma (NPC), gastric cancer (GC) and lymphoma. METHODS: Proteinase K digestion and phenolchloroform purification and QIAamp DNA FFPE tissue kit was used for DNA extraction...
October 27, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096390/epstein-barr-virus-dna-load-kinetics-analysis-in-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients-is-it-of-any-clinical-usefulness
#11
Carlos Solano, Eva María Mateo, Ariadna Pérez, Alberto Talaya, María José Terol, Eliseo Albert, Estela Giménez, Víctor Vinuesa, José Luis Piñana, Juan Carlos Hernández Boluda, David Navarro
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of clinical information regarding the usefulness of plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA load kinetics analyses in the management of EBV infections in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients. Namely, it remains unknown whether this type of analysis can help physicians to anticipate the development of high-level EBV DNAemia episodes requiring rituximab treatment or predict the risk of recurrent EBV DNAemia or post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091300/serologic-and-viral-genome-prevalence-of-hsv-ebv-and-hcmv-among-healthy-adults-in-wuhan-china
#12
Le Wen, Yong Qiu, Shuang Cheng, Xuan Jiang, Yan-Ping Ma, Wei Fang, Wei Wang, Jie Cui, Qiang Ruan, Fei Zhao, Fei Hu, Min-Hua Luo
The worldwide infection rate of herpesvirus is high, but the detailed prevalence in China, especially the central area, remains unclear. In the present study, the prevalence of Herpes simplex virus (HSV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) was investigated in 303 healthy adults in Wuhan, a representative city in Central China. Viral specific IgG and IgM titers were examined in the serum by chemiluminescent immunoassay, and the existence of viral genomic DNA in blood cells were determined by nested PCR...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089060/actionable-gene-based-classification-toward-precision-medicine-in-gastric-cancer
#13
Hiroshi Ichikawa, Masayuki Nagahashi, Yoshifumi Shimada, Takaaki Hanyu, Takashi Ishikawa, Hitoshi Kameyama, Takashi Kobayashi, Jun Sakata, Hiroshi Yabusaki, Satoru Nakagawa, Nobuaki Sato, Yuki Hirata, Yuko Kitagawa, Toshiyuki Tanahashi, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Ryota Nakanishi, Eiji Oki, Dana Vuzman, Stephen Lyle, Kazuaki Takabe, Yiwei Ling, Shujiro Okuda, Kohei Akazawa, Toshifumi Wakai
BACKGROUND: Intertumoral heterogeneity represents a significant hurdle to identifying optimized targeted therapies in gastric cancer (GC). To realize precision medicine for GC patients, an actionable gene alteration-based molecular classification that directly associates GCs with targeted therapies is needed. METHODS: A total of 207 Japanese patients with GC were included in this study. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissues were obtained from surgical or biopsy specimens and were subjected to DNA extraction...
October 31, 2017: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084205/the-kinetics-of-torque-teno-virus-plasma-dna-load-shortly-after-engraftment-predicts-the-risk-of-high-level-cmv-dnaemia-in-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients
#14
E Albert, C Solano, E Giménez, D Focosi, A Pérez, L Macera, J L Piñana, J C H Boluda, F Maggi, D Navarro
Monitoring Torque teno virus (TTV) DNA load helps to estimate the risk of opportunistic infections in solid organ transplant recipients. We investigated whether the early kinetic pattern of plasma TTV DNA load after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) associates with subsequent CMV and EBV DNAemia. This study included 71 allo-HSCT patients. We found that the area under the curve (AUC) for log10 TTV DNA loads quantified by days 20 and 30 after transplantation (TTV DNA load AUC20-30), was significantly lower (P=0...
October 30, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082051/primary-cutaneous-follicle-centre-lymphoma-with-hodgkin-and-reed-sternberg-like-cells-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Fatima A Aldarweesh, Diana O Treaba
An elderly woman with a complex medical history presented with a left forearm mass that slowly developed for several months. The excisional biopsy of this skin mass was remarkable for involvement by a follicle centre cell derived lymphoma with a nodular and diffuse pattern associated with a subset of scattered Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg like cells. Fluorescence in situ hybridization studies did not detect the presence of IgH-bcl2 fusion transcript, and molecular studies were negative for immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangements and EBV DNA sequences...
2017: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078077/is-epstein-barr-virus-infection-associated-with-the-pathogenesis-of-microscopic-colitis
#16
Aroldo Gabriele Rizzo, Ambrogio Orlando, Elena Gallo, Andrea Bisanti, Stefania Sferrazza, Luigi Maria Montalbano, Fabio Salvatore Macaluso, Mario Cottone
BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been associated with inflammation in the colon, particularly in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Even if a relevant plasmocytosis, similar to IBD, is present in microscopic colitis (MC), the frequency of EBV infection in this setting is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the frequency of colonic EBV infection in patients with MC, ulcerative colitis (UC), and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). STUDY DESIGN: The frequency of colonic EBV infection in biopsies of 30 patients with MC, 30 patients with UC, and 30 controls with IBS was retrospectively assessed...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077846/sequential-chemotherapy-radiotherapy-was-comparable-with-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-for-stage-i-ii-nk-t-cell-lymphoma
#17
Y L Kwong, S J Kim, E Tse, S Y Oh, J Y Kwak, H S Eom, Y R Do, Y C Mun, S R Lee, H J Shin, C Suh, S S Chuang, Y S Lee, S T Lim, K Izutsu, R Suzuki, T Relander, F d'Amore, N Schmitz, A Jaccard, W S Kim
Background: In stage I/II natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) had previously been shown to result in superior outcome compared with anthracycline-containing regimens, which have since been considered ineffective. The role of CCRT in comparison with approaches employing non-anthracycline-containing chemotherapy (CT) and sequential radiotherapy (RT) in such patients remains to be defined. Patients and methods: Three hundred and three untreated patients (207 men, 96 women; median age: 51, 18-86, years) with stage I/II NK/T-cell lymphoma who had received non-anthracycline-containing regimens were collected from an international consortium and retrospectively analyzed...
October 24, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072898/the-epstein-barr-virus-b-zip-protein-zta-recognizes-specific-dna-sequences-containing-5-methylcytosine-and-5-hydroxymethylcytosine
#18
Desiree Tillo, Sreejana Ray, Khund-Sayeed Syed, Mary Rose Gaylor, Ximiao He, Jun Wang, Nima Assad, Stewart R Durell, Aleksey Porollo, Matthew T Weirauch, Charles Vinson
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) B-ZIP transcription factor Zta binds to many DNA sequences containing methylated CG dinucleotides. Using protein binding microarrays (PBMs), we analyzed the sequence specific DNA binding of Zta to four kinds of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA): (1) DNA containing cytosine in both strands, (2) DNA with 5-methylcytosine (5mC) in one strand and cytosine in the second strand, (3) DNA with 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) in one strand and cytosine in the second strand, and (4) DNA in which both cytosines in all CG dinucleotides contain 5mC...
November 10, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070113/-retrospective-analysis-of-clinical-features-and-prognosis-of-84-patients-with-extranodal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-in-one-center
#19
Qiu-Shi Yang, Shi-Hua Zhao, Yan Jiang, Tian-You Jiang, Shun-Zong Yuan, Hang Su
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognostic factors of patients with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma. METHODS: The clinical data of patients with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma admitted in the Hospital Affiliated to the Academy of Military Medical Science from June 2006 to June 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical features, therapeutic efficacy and prognosis-related factors were clarified. RESULTS: A total of 84 patients with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma with complete clinical data were collected, with a median follow-up of 21 months (1-123 months), the overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) were 58...
October 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038762/clinical-outcomes-of-residual%C3%A2-or%C3%A2-recurrent-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-treated-with-endoscopic-nasopharyngectomy-plus-chemoradiotherapy-or-with-chemoradiotherapy-alone-a-retrospective-study
#20
Jingjin Weng, Jiazhang Wei, Jinyuan Si, Yangda Qin, Min Li, Fei Liu, Yongfeng Si, Jiping Su
BACKGROUND: Local residual and recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) generally shows treatment failure after standard radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy. Whether endoscopic nasopharyngectomy might provide an additional therapeutic advantage remains controversial. Therefore, we retrospectively compared the clinical prognoses of patients with residual or recurrent NPC treated with endoscopic nasopharyngectomy combined with chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with those of patients treated with CRT alone...
2017: PeerJ
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