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Orotracheal Intubation

Samir Jaber, Marion Monnin, Mehdi Girard, Matthieu Conseil, Moussa Cisse, Julie Carr, Martin Mahul, Jean Marc Delay, Fouad Belafia, Gérald Chanques, Nicolas Molinari, Audrey De Jong
PURPOSE: High-flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNC) has the potential to provide apnoeic oxygenation. We decided to assess in a proof-of-concept study whether the addition of HFNC to non-invasive ventilation (NIV) could reduce oxygen desaturation during intubation, compared with NIV alone for preoxygenation, in severely hypoxaemic intensive care unit (ICU) patients with respiratory failure. METHODS: We conducted a randomised, controlled, single-centre trial with assessor-blinded outcome assessment in patients admitted to the ICU...
October 11, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Yang Li-Qiao, Zhang Jian-Wei, Li Jing-Jie, Zhang Cheng-Mi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the risk factors of intraoperative anesthesia adverse events (IAAEs) in children with laryngeal diseases. METHODS: We retrospectively recruited 118 children with laryngeal diseases who underwent surgical therapy. Based on medical history and preoperative imaging diagnosis, the baseline data, including sex, age, weight, onset age, the number of operation, the degree of airway obstruction, the nature of disease, the location of disease, complications, tracheotomy, and trachea intubation, were defined and recorded...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Mineko Oka, Rumi Ueha, Takaharu Nito, Tatsuya Yamasoba
INTRODUCTION: Fibrovascular polyps (FVPs) are benign tumors that commonly occur in the cervical esophagus. Few cases of FVPs of the hypopharynx have been reported, but there has been no English review concerning hypopharyngeal FVPs (hFVPs). Here, we report a case of a vast hFVP, and we also review 13 hFVP cases found in the English literature (PubMed search) including our case. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 41-year-old man with respiratory distress and regurgitation of a mass was referred to our hospital...
2016: SpringerPlus
Brian E Driver, David Plummer, William Heegaard, Robert F Reardon
BACKGROUND: The King LT airway (King Systems, Noblesville, IN) is a popular extraglottic device that is widely used in the prehospital setting. We report a case of tracheal malplacement of the King airway with a severe kink in the distal tube. CASE REPORT: A 51-year-old unhelmeted motorcyclist collided with a freeway median and was obtunded when paramedics arrived. After bag mask ventilation, a King airway was placed uneventfully and the patient was transported to the emergency department...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mehmet Sargin, Mehmet Selcuk Uluer
OBJECTIVE: The McGrath Video laryngoscope is a newly developed video laryngoscope that significantly improves laryngeal view and facilitates endotracheal intubation in difficult airways. However in patients with normal airway that is not mentioned before. The aim of this study was to compare the McGrath video laryngoscope with the Macintosh laryngoscope in patients with normal airways. METHODS: A total of 100 patients requiring orotracheal intubation, were randomized to either having intubation with the McGrath video laryngoscope or the Macintosh laryngoscope...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
E B Bowcock, P Goonan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
I Belda, M A Ayuso, X Sala-Blanch, M Luis, R Bergé
BACKGROUND: In 2003 a simple test to detect difficult intubation (DI) in patients underwent laryngeal microsurgery was described. The present study was conducted to validate the test. METHODS: Patients with laryngeal disease scheduled for laryngeal microsurgery were included. The variables evaluated were eleven parameters: Mallampati Score ≥III, thyromental distance <6.5cm, mouth opening <40mm, limitation of the temporomandibular joint, pathological dentition, arched paladet, maxillary deficiency, neck mobility <90°, body mass index, symptoms of laryngeal dysfunction, and tumour of supraglottic region...
September 1, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Sónia Campos, Luís Félix, Carlos Venâncio, Maria de Lurdes Pinto, Francisco Peixoto, Paula Guedes de Pinho, Luís Antunes
In humans, prolonged sedations with propofol or using high doses have been associated with propofol infusion syndrome. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of prolonged high-dose administration of a specific propofol emulsion (Propofol Lipuro) and an improved lipid formulation (SMOFlipid) in liver mitochondrial bioenergetics and oxidative stress of rabbits, comparatively to a saline control. Twenty-one male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly allocated in three groups that were continuously treated for 20 h...
2016: SpringerPlus
Suhail Sarwar Siddiqui, S Janarthanan, M M Harish, Harish Chaudhari, R Natesh Prabu, Jigeeshu V Divatia, Atul Prabhakar Kulkarni
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The oncologists are treating cancer more aggressively, leading to increase in number of pediatric admissions to the ICU. Due to anatomical and physiological differences, pediatric patients are at high risk of complications during intubation. We evaluated the incidence of complications during intubations in pediatric patients in our ICU. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed retrospective analysis of complications occurring during intubation in 42 pediatric patients...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
William B Landry, Bobby D Nossaman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze previously reported airway risk factors in the performance of Miller laryngoscopy and orotracheal intubation. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Operating rooms. PATIENTS: A total of 978 American Society of Anesthesiologists I-III adults requiring general orotracheal anesthesia for elective surgery. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS: Nine previously reported airway risk factors used in predicting difficult laryngoscopy, modified McCormack-Lehane views observed during initial unaided Miller blade laryngoscopy, and number of attempts or need for alternate airway tools to facilitate orotracheal intubation...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Samir Jaber, Nicolas Molinari, Audrey De Jong
INTRODUCTION: Tracheal intubation in the intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with severe life-threatening complications including severe hypoxaemia. Preoxygenation before intubation has been recommended in order to decrease such complications. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV)-assisted preoxygenation allows increased oxygen saturation during the intubation procedure, by applying a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) to prevent alveolar derecruitment. However, the NIV mask has to be taken off after preoxygenation to allow the passage of the tube through the mouth...
August 12, 2016: BMJ Open
Kyoko Oshita, Noboru Saeki, Takayasu Kubo, Hitoshi Abekura, Nobuhiro Tanaka, Masashi Kawamoto
PURPOSE: Intraoperative transcranial motor-evoked potential monitoring causes contraction of the masseter muscles, which may cause injuries to the oral cavity and damage to the orotracheal tube. We developed a mouthpiece made from vinyl-silicone impression material to prevent these injuries. The purpose of this study was to examine its efficacy and safety. METHODS: Twenty-two patients undergoing spinal surgery under transcranial motor-evoked potential monitoring were fitted with bespoke vinyl-silicone mouthpieces by dentists before surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Carina Isabel Ferreira Martinho, Inês Tello Rato Milheiras Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate and culturally and linguistically adapt the Ease of Communication Scale and to assess the level of communication difficulties for patients undergoing mechanical ventilation with orotracheal intubation, relating these difficulties to clinical and sociodemographic variables. METHODS: This study had three stages: (1) cultural and linguistic adaptation of the Ease of Communication Scale; (2) preliminary assessment of its psychometric properties; and (3) observational, descriptive-correlational and cross-sectional study, conducted from March to August 2015, based on the Ease of Communication Scale - after extubation answers and clinical and sociodemographic variables of 31 adult patients who were extubated, clinically stable and admitted to five Portuguese intensive care units...
June 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Zehra İpek Arslan, Canan Turna, Nevin Esra Gümüş, Kamil Toker, Mine Solak
OBJECTIVE: Glidescope and Airtraq were designed for facilitating intubation and for teaching regarding the airway anatomy. We aimed to evaluate their efficacy in normal airway, tongue oedema and face-to-face orotracheal intubation models when used by novice personnel. METHODS: After the local human research ethics committee approval, 36 medical students who were in the beginning of their third year were enrolled in this study. After watching a video regarding intubation using one of these devices, the students intubated a paediatric manikin with a Glidescope or Airtraq via the normal airway, tongue oedema and face-to-face approach...
April 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Ümit Yaşar Tekelioğlu, Furkan Erol Karabekmez, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Hakan Bayır, Hasan Koçoğlu
Two patients, aged 18 and 28 years, with maxillofacial trauma due to motor vehicle accident, were operated upon by a team of plastic surgeons. In this report we aimed to present our experience with submental intubation procedure in these cases, in which orotracheal or nasotracheal intubation was impossible due to panfacial fracture.
December 2013: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Francesco Barillà, Giuseppe Pannarale, Concetta Torromeo, Vincenzo Paravati, Maria Cristina Acconcia, Gaetano Tanzilli, Enrico Mangieri, Tania Dominici, Francesco Martino, Gaetano Pannitteri, Carlo Gaudio
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: An elevated heart rate (HR) is an independent risk factor for mortality and morbidity in patients with acute heart failure (HF). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of ivabradine, a selective HR-lowering agent, in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) complicating ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: Patients with post-AMI CS were randomized to standard treatment (SDT, 28 patients) or to standard treatment plus ivabradine (I + SDT, 30 patients)...
October 2016: Clinical Drug Investigation
Joseph S Turner, Timothy J Ellender, Enola R Okonkwo, Tyler M Stepsis, Andrew C Stevens, Christopher S Eddy, Erik G Sembroski, Anthony J Perkins, Dylan D Cooper
There are a number of potential physical advantages to performing orotracheal intubation in an upright position. The objective of this study was to measure the success of intubation of a simulated patient in an upright versus supine position by novice intubators after brief training. This was a cross-over design study in which learners (medical students, physician assistant students, and paramedic students) intubated mannequins in both a supine (head of the bed at 0°) and upright (head of bed elevated at 45°) position...
June 14, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
J E Romo Gonzales, J Silva Obregón, C Martin Dal Gesso, P Gallardo Culebradas, S Saboya Sanchez, M Torralba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Bibiana Vitković, Morena Milić
Goldenhar syndrome, also known as oculoauriculovertebral dysplasia, is a rare congenital condition characterized by facial, cranial, vertebral, ocular, auricular and cardiac abnormalities. This syndrome is associated with hemifacial microsomia due to inadequate growth of the mandible and vertebral anomaly of the cervical part of the spine. For anesthesiologists, airway management is of great interest because of facial and oral abnormalities such as mandibular hypoplasia and limitation of neck movement. Considering different conditions of Goldenhar syndrome, every patient should be preoperatively evaluated in order to make the plan for the anticipated difficult airway management...
March 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
Veena Chatrath, Radhe Sharan, Payal Jain, Anju Bala, Ranjana, Sudha
AIMS OF STUDY: To evaluate the efficacy, hemodynamic changes, and patient comfort during awake fiberoptic intubation done under combined regional blocks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present observational study, 50 patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists ( ASA) Grade I-II, Mallampati Grade I-IV were given nerve blocks - bilateral glossopharyngeal nerve block, bilateral superior laryngeal nerve block, and recurrent laryngeal nerve block before awake fiberoptic intubation using 2% lidocaine...
May 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
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