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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088840/evaluation-of-a-short-term-training-program-in-bedside-emergency-ultrasound-in-southwestern-tanzania
#1
Mark Shaffer, Heather A Brown, Chloé McCoy, Prosper Bashaka
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a short-term training program in emergency ultrasound on physician skills and attitudes in southwestern Tanzania. METHODS: Eight registrar physicians at Mbeya Zonal Referral Hospital (Mbeya, Tanzania) underwent a 5-day course in bedside emergency ultrasound, focusing primarily on the focused assessment with sonography for trauma examination, including didactic sessions, practical sessions, and on-job training. The impact on ultrasound knowledge was assessed by pretest and posttest evaluations...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088430/flipping-the-classroom-case-based-learning-accountability-assessment-and-feedback-leads-to-a-favorable-change-in-culture
#2
Nahush A Mokadam, Todd F Dardas, Joshua L Hermsen, Jay D Pal, Michael S Mulligan, L Myria Jacobs, Douglas E Wood, Edward D Verrier
OBJECTIVE: The 88-week Thoracic Surgery Curriculum is challenging to implement because of the large content in a traditional lecture format. This study investigates flipping the classroom by using a case-based format designed to stimulate resident preparation and engagement. METHODS: The didactic conference format was altered. Curricular reading assignments, case review, and conference participation prepared residents for novel formative assessment quizzes. Ten residents participated, and faculty served as controls...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088211/innovation-contests-to-promote-sexual-health-in-china-a-qualitative-evaluation
#3
Wei Zhang, David Schaffer, Lai Sze Tso, Songyuan Tang, Weiming Tang, Shujie Huang, Bin Yang, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Innovation contests call on non-experts to help solve problems. While these contests have been used extensively in the private sector to increase engagement between organizations and clients, there is little data on the role of innovation contests to promote health campaigns. We implemented an innovation contest in China to increase sexual health awareness among youth and evaluated community engagement in the contest. METHODS: The sexual health image contest consisted of an open call for sexual health images, contest promotion activities, judging of entries, and celebrating contributions...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088134/dirac-bubble-potential-for-he-he-and-inadequacies-in-the-continuum-comparing-an-analytic-model-with-elastic-collision-experiments
#4
Michael Chrysos
We focus on the long-pending issue of the inadequacy of the Dirac bubble potential model in the description of He-He interactions in the continuum [L. L. Lohr and S. M. Blinder, Int. J. Quantum Chem. 53, 413 (1995)]. We attribute this failure to the lack of a potential wall to mimic the onset of the repulsive interaction at close range separations. This observation offers the explanation to why this excessively simple model proves incapable of quantitatively reproducing previous experimental findings of glory scattering in He-He, although being notorious for its capability of reproducing several distinctive features of the atomic and isotopic helium dimers and trimers [L...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087087/pediatric-nurse-practitioners-effective-in-teaching-providers-the-asthma-action-plan-using-simulation
#5
Anne Borgmeyer, Patricia M Gyr, Emily Ahmad, Patrick M Ercole, Karen Balakas
Despite traditional education regarding the Asthma Action Plan (AAP), providers in the inpatient setting of a pediatric hospital reported lack of knowledge regarding the AAP and lack of confidence in teaching the AAP to patients and families. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a pediatric nurse practitioner (PNP)-led class incorporating simulation on resident physician knowledge of the AAP and confidence in teaching families the AAP. The study setting was a 250 bed Midwest academic pediatric hospital...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086959/e-learning-programs-in-oncology-a-nationwide-experience-from-2005-to-2014
#6
Jan Degerfält, Staffan Sjöstedt, Per Fransson, Elisabeth Kjellén, Mads U Werner
BACKGROUND: E-learning is an established concept in oncological education and training. However, there seems to be a scarcity of long-term assessments of E-learning programs in oncology vis-á-vis their structural management and didactic value. This study presents descriptive, nationwide data from 2005 to 2014. E-learning oncology programs in chemotherapy, general oncology, pain management, palliative care, psycho-social-oncology, and radiotherapy, were reviewed from our databases. Questionnaires of self-perceived didactic value of the programs were examined 2008-2014...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066947/training-in-eus-an-asian-perspective
#7
REVIEW
J Y Y Wong, P Kongkam, K Y Ho
Training of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in Asia faces two major challenges: (i) the ever-increasing demand for skills to handle a growing range of interventional EUS procedures; and (ii) a continual shortage of EUS training programs. As the therapeutic application of EUS continues to expand,(1, 2) the need to train more new endosonographers and upgrade skills of existing ones has become more critical than ever before. A formal fellowship to acquire EUS knowledge and skills in an advanced endoscopy centre has always been perceived as the best way of training novices, but such opportunities remain limited in most Asian countries...
January 9, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056969/voluntary-attendance-of-small-group-brainstorming-tutoring-courses-intensify-new-clerk-s-excellence-in-clinical-care-a-pilot-study
#8
Ling-Yu Yang, Chia-Chang Huang, Hui-Chi Hsu, Ying-Ying Yang, Ching-Chi Chang, Chiao-Lin Chuang, Wei-Shin Lee, Jen-Feng Liang, Hao Min Cheng, Chin-Chou Huang, Fa-Yauh Lee, Shung-Tai Ho, Ralph Kirby
BACKGROUND: Clerkship provides a unique way of transferring the knowledge and skills gathered during medical school's curriculum into real-ward clinical care environment. The annual program evaluation has indicated that the training of clerks in diagnostic and clinical reasoning skills needed to be enhanced. Recently, "clinical excellence" program have been promoted in our institution to augment the excellence in clinical care of new clerks. Current study aims to evaluate whether this pilot program improve the "clinical excellence" of new clerks...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052163/effectiveness-of-participatory-training-in-preventing-accidental-occupational-injuries-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-china
#9
Ignatius Ts Yu, Wenzhou Yu, Zhimin Li, Hong Qiu, Sabrina Wan, Shaohua Xie, Xiaorong Wang
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a participatory training program in preventing accidental occupational injuries in factories in Shenzhen, China. Methods We conducted a cluster randomized study with the worker as the unit of analysis, providing 918 workers from 30 factories participatory training. Two control groups received traditional didactic training, including 907 workers from the same 30 factories and 1654 workers in matched control factories. We used generalized estimating equations to compare the before/after person-based injury rate difference in the three groups and binary logistic regression to compare the re-injury rates...
January 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051002/medical-biochemistry-is-it-time-to-change-the-teaching-style
#10
Jeeji Palocaren, Lekha S Pillai, T M Celine
BACKGROUND: The Medical Council of India (MCI) recommendations on medical education suggest a shift from didactic lectures to more interactive lectures. This study assessed the effectiveness of different pedagogical methods in biochemistry and the perceptions of students and teachers about the shift from didactic to interactive lectures. METHODS: An interventional crossover study was done with the topic divided into three biochemical modules and one clinical module...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048913/mo-de-bra-02-simac-a-simulation-tool-for-teaching-linear-accelerator-physics
#11
M Carlone, N Harnett, W Harris, B Norrlinger, M MacPherson, M Lamey, R Anderson, M Oldham
PURPOSE: The first goal of this work is to develop software that can simulate the physics of linear accelerators (linac). The second goal is to show that this simulation tool is effective in teaching linac physics to medical physicists and linac service engineers. METHODS: Linacs were modeled using analytical expressions that can correctly describe the physical response of a linac to parameter changes in real time. These expressions were programmed with a graphical user interface in order to produce an environment similar to that of linac service mode...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048358/th-f-201-01-the-problem-is-this-a-trick-question
#12
C Bloch
: Multiple choice questions are a tool medical physicists encounter throughout their careers. They are a commonly used method of assessment during our early didactic training (graduate school, residency and board certification). They are used throughout our MOC process both in SAMs and online CE. And they are used for the MOC exam every 10 years. While we have significant training in answering these multiple choice questions, we rarely receive training in how to construct effective multiple choice questions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048322/th-e-201-02-hands-on-physics-teaching-of-residents-in-diagnostic-radiology
#13
J Zhang
: The ABR Core Examination stresses integrating physics into real-world clinical practice and, accordingly, has shifted its focus from passive recall of facts to active application of physics principles. Physics education of radiology residents poses a challenge. The traditional method of didactic lectures alone is insufficient, yet it is difficult to incorporate physics teaching consistently into clinical rotations due to time constraints. Faced with this challenge, diagnostic medical physicists who teach radiology residents, have been thinking about how to adapt their teaching to the new paradigm, what to teach and meet expectation of the radiology resident and the radiology residency program...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047713/th-f-201-02-the-solution-the-science-behind-writing-good-questions
#14
S Richardson
: Multiple choice questions are a tool medical physicists encounter throughout their careers. They are a commonly used method of assessment during our early didactic training (graduate school, residency and board certification). They are used throughout our MOC process both in SAMs and online CE. And they are used for the MOC exam every 10 years. While we have significant training in answering these multiple choice questions, we rarely receive training in how to construct effective multiple choice questions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047672/th-e-201-03-a-radiology-resident-s-perspectives-of-physics-teaching
#15
A Key
: The ABR Core Examination stresses integrating physics into real-world clinical practice and, accordingly, has shifted its focus from passive recall of facts to active application of physics principles. Physics education of radiology residents poses a challenge. The traditional method of didactic lectures alone is insufficient, yet it is difficult to incorporate physics teaching consistently into clinical rotations due to time constraints. Faced with this challenge, diagnostic medical physicists who teach radiology residents, have been thinking about how to adapt their teaching to the new paradigm, what to teach and meet expectation of the radiology resident and the radiology residency program...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047495/su-f-e-15-initial-experience-implementing-a-case-method-teaching-approach-to-radiation-oncology-physics-residents-graduate-students-and-doctorate-of-medical-physics-students
#16
A Gutierrez
PURPOSE: Case Method Teaching approach is a teaching tool used commonly in business school to challenge students with real-world situations-i.e. CASES: The students are placed in the role of the decision maker and have to provide a solution based on the multitude of information provided. Specifically, students must develop an ability to quickly make sense of a complex problem, provide a solution incorporating all of the objectives (at time conflicting) and constraints, and communicate that solution in a succinct, professional and effective manner...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046976/mo-b-209-00-certificate-extension-process-for-dbt-and-the-medical-physicist-s-role
#17
Ingrid Reiser
: This presentation will describe the role of medical physicists during FDA's certificate extension process (CE). The presentation will outline FDA's CE process, with detailed discussions on training, MEE, and requirements for continued QA for the facility, vis-a-vis medical physicist's responsibilities. A few important tests will be discussed that need special emphasis for each of the DBT systems currently approved by FDA. What can be accepted as additional didactic and hands on training in fulfilling modality related training will be explained...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046901/th-e-201-00-teaching-radiology-residents-what-how-and-expectation
#18
Jie Zhang
: The ABR Core Examination stresses integrating physics into real-world clinical practice and, accordingly, has shifted its focus from passive recall of facts to active application of physics principles. Physics education of radiology residents poses a challenge. The traditional method of didactic lectures alone is insufficient, yet it is difficult to incorporate physics teaching consistently into clinical rotations due to time constraints. Faced with this challenge, diagnostic medical physicists who teach radiology residents, have been thinking about how to adapt their teaching to the new paradigm, what to teach and meet expectation of the radiology resident and the radiology residency program...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046849/mo-de-bra-01-flipped-physics-courses-within-a-radiologic-technologist-program-video-production-and-long-term-outcomes
#19
T Oshiro, M Donaghy, A Slechta
PURPOSE: To determine if the flipped class format has an effect on examination results for a radiologic technologist (RT) program and discuss benefits from creating video resources. METHODS: From 2001-2015, students had taken both a radiological physics and quality control (QC) class as a part of their didactic training. In 2005/2006, the creation of videos of didactic lectures and QC test demonstrations allowed for a flip where content was studied at home while exercises and reviews were done in-class...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046315/mo-b-209-01-certificate-extension-process-for-dbt-and-the-medical-physicist-s-role
#20
K Chakrabarti
: This presentation will describe the role of medical physicists during FDA's certificate extension process (CE). The presentation will outline FDA's CE process, with detailed discussions on training, MEE, and requirements for continued QA for the facility, vis-a-vis medical physicist's responsibilities. A few important tests will be discussed that need special emphasis for each of the DBT systems currently approved by FDA. What can be accepted as additional didactic and hands on training in fulfilling modality related training will be explained...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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