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Sophie Merit Müller
Various specialist cultures configure bodies as complex technological devices. We know little about how exactly this is done. I focus on one of these cultures, classical ballet, to praxeologically reconstruct the conceptual, situational and material configuration of bodies as particular instruments. The technologization of the body is closely intertwined with the scientification of the practice - its ladenness with scientific knowledge about the body and an elaborate apparatus for the production of bodies. When anatomical knowledge and didactics intertwine in ballet class, this facilitates an opening of the black box 'body' for technical improvement...
November 16, 2018: Social Studies of Science
Philip R A Baker, Kaeleen Dingle, Michael P Dunne
The Asia-Pacific region has rapidly changing health needs. This reshaping of health priorities is directly affecting current and future public health education. This brief review focuses on foundational public health skills including epidemiology, biostatistics, and health informatics. Epidemiological skills, in particular, are essential for policymakers and practitioners to identify the emergence of problems and to inform priority setting of public health efforts. Training needs to move beyond didactic, passive learning methods in class settings to approaches that engage and challenge students and academics in active, flexible learning and realistic problem-solving...
November 16, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Perman Gochyyev, Mark Wilson
In this paper, we consider hierarchical and higher-order factor models and the relationship between them, and, in particular, we use Rasch models to focus on the exploration of these models. We present these models, their similarities and/or differences from within the Rasch modeling perspective and discuss their use in various settings. One motivation for this work is that certain well-known similarities and differences between the equivalent models in the two-parameter logistic model (2PL) approach do not apply in the Rasch modeling tradition...
2018: Journal of Applied Measurement
Elizabeth Gatewood, Jennie C De Gagne
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Teaching models provide a systemic framework for didactic and clinical teaching. The One-Minute Preceptor (OMP) is one teaching model, providing five microskills to organize a learning experience for students in the clinical environment. This review aims to integrate the literature on the OMP model by highlighting potential use for nurse practitioners while identifying directions for future research. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched from December 2017 to January 2018 for articles published in English...
November 9, 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Mari K Hopper, Daniela A Brake
A large, multicampus, public medical school underwent curricular renewal, emphasizing a student-centered approach with 50% of all course contact time devoted to active learning. Determining the impact of active learning on student engagement and higher order skill (HOS) proficiency was the primary aim of this study. Following Institutional Review Board approval, two cohort groups of first-year medical students were enrolled. The first cohort ( n = 54) included students before curriculum reform in the legacy curriculum (LC)...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Monica Gandhi, Tony Raj, Ryan Fernandez, Laetitia Rispel, Nonhlanhla Nxumalo, Andrés G Willy Lescano, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Blandina T Mmbaga, Douglas C Heimburger, Craig R Cohen
A growing body of evidence highlights the importance of competent mentoring in academic research. We describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of four regional 2-day intensive workshops to train mid- and senior-level investigators conducting public health, clinical, and basic science research across multiple academic institutions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) on tools and techniques of effective mentoring. Sponsored by the Fogarty International Center, workshops included didactic presentations, interactive discussions, and small-group problem-based learning and were conducted in Lima, Peru; Mombasa, Kenya; Bangalore, India; and Johannesburg, South Africa, from 2013 to 2016...
November 14, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Elizabeth Mui, Thuy-Nga Tia Pham, Chase Everett McMurren
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current landscape of home-based primary care (HBPC) or home visit training for Canadian family medicine residents. DESIGN: Online survey. SETTING: Canada's 17 family medicine residency programs. PARTICIPANTS: Family medicine residency program directors. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Program characteristics, current HBPC training, barriers and enablers to training, and program directors' attitudes toward training...
November 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Jennifer Forbes, Talia Sierra, Jared Papa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine's Smiles for Life: A National Oral Health Curriculum on the knowledge and attitudes of physician assistant students regarding oral health. METHODS: Seventy-two didactic year physician assistant students from one physician assistant program were surveyed to assess their knowledge and attitudes regarding oral health prior to starting the Smiles for Life oral health curriculum...
November 2018: Family Medicine
Michael C Brown, Audrey B Kostrzewa
Objective. To describe and evaluate the implementation of multiple, content-integrated journal club activities into a large, required medical literature evaluation (MLE) two-semester course series using near-peer student facilitators. Methods. Using near-peer, third-year (P3) students as a significant source of instructional personnel, 10 journal club activities were incorporated annually into the second-year (P2) MLE series. Activities included preparation, quiz, journal club, and debriefing. Each activity divided the P2s into groups of 8-12 students...
October 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Amy L Pakyz, Kai I Cheang, Jeremy S Stultz, Leticia R Moczygemba
Objective. To describe the implementation and evaluation of population health management learning activities in a second-year Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) course. Methods. Population health learning sessions were implemented in a step-wise manner: population needs assessment activity to identify priority programs for implementation given a specific patient population; didactic materials to introduce program evaluation foundational knowledge; program evaluation design activity to evaluate implemented programs using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Program Evaluation Framework; and evaluation of program outcome data...
October 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Maya Dewan, Lisa E Herrmann, Michael J Tchou, Allison Parsons, Naveen Muthu, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Evan Fieldston, Robert B Lindell, Adam Dziorny, Craig Gosdin, Tara W Bamat
Low-value health care is pervasive in the United States, and clinicians need to be trained to be stewards of health care resources. Despite a mandate by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education to educate trainee physicians on cost awareness, only 10% of pediatric residency programs have a high-value care (HVC) curriculum. To meet this need, we set out to develop and evaluate the impact of High-Value Pediatrics, an open-access HVC curriculum. High-Value Pediatrics is a 3-part curriculum that includes 4 standardized didactics, monthly interactive morning reports, and an embedded HVC improvement project...
November 13, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
Nino Räschle, Roman Hari
Blended Learning Basic Course Sonography - A SGUM Accredited Ultrasound Course Based on Peer-Tutoring Abstract. In various countries, students organize themselves to teach each other practical sonography skills through peer tutoring. A joint project of the Swiss universities and the SGUM is actively supporting this movement. In an e-learning course with a basic part and twelve organ-specific lessons, the anatomy and the standards of practical examination are demonstrated with videos. For each lesson, the students complete practical training sessions with a peer tutor and document these in a logbook...
November 2018: Praxis
Jeanie L Gribben, Samuel M Kase, Elisha D Waldman, Andrea S Weintraub
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction and identify potential personal and professional predictors of these phenomena in pediatric critical care providers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, online survey. SETTING: Pediatric critical care practices in the United States. SUBJECTS: Pediatric critical care fellows and attending physicians. INTERVENTIONS: None...
November 9, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Zahir Mughal, Iyad Al-Jazieh, Hammad Zaidi
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: The introduction of shift pattern of working in the medical profession has led to an increase in reliance on effective handover of patient information. We evaluated the use of a weekend handover proforma in General Surgical patients at a University Teaching Hospital. METHODS: A standardized weekend handover proforma was implemented. A pre-post survey of medical staff and prospective observational study on the use of the proforma was carried out...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Hong Zhu, Xiao-Lei Yan, Dao-Jie Shen, Su-Ning Zhang, Jing Huang
PURPOSE: To explore the application of micro-class combined with flipped classroom in cardiopulmonary resuscitation teaching for dental students. METHODS: The experimental group included 46 students from grade 2014 in college of stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. The control group included 45 students from grade 2013. Students in the control group were taught in traditional method, while those in the experimental group were taught in micro-class combined with flipped classroom teaching...
June 2018: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Adriana D Glenn, Faith Claman
Undergraduate didactic nursing leadership courses lack experiential opportunities to address working with culturally diverse populations. The authors used Bafa Bafa©, a cross-cultural low-fidelity simulation, to further develop critical thinking and emotional intelligence skills in prelicensure nursing students. This article describes the authors' experiences of integrating this innovative teaching strategy in the classroom to increase cultural awareness. The students' discovery of unexpected feelings, thoughts, and perceptions has the potential to extend beyond the simulated experience when coupled with faculty reinforcement of engaging in self-reflective practice as a professional nurse...
November 7, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Saad Ali, Anup Alexander, Marcie Lambrix, Rishi Ramakrishna, Carina W Yang
OBJECTIVE: Adverse reactions to contrast media are potentially life-threatening events that require prompt recognition and management by radiologists who may have little experience with them. The objectives of this project were to develop and assess a simulation-based program that would equip radiology trainees with appropriate knowledge and skills to recognize and manage adverse contrast media reactions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen adverse contrast media reaction scenarios were developed to run on high-fidelity adult and pediatric mannequins in a simulation center...
November 7, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
R Lee Tyson, Susan Brammer, Diana McIntosh
BACKGROUND: This article summarizes the experiences that a Midwest college of nursing had when telepsychiatry was introduced for psychiatric-mental health post-master's nurse practitioner students to use in a clinical internship. AIMS: Implications for nurse practitioner educators will be identified, and recommendations for future research will be explored. METHOD: Described are the following: (1) policies and procedures the institution considered, (2) challenges that were encountered by faculty and students, and (3) strategies and limitations of these strategies defining best practice, what didactic content should be taught, and how clinical placements needed to be structured...
November 2, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Ramtin Sadid-Zadeh, Elizabeth H D'Angelo, Joseph Gambacorta
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of virtual assessment software as a means of immediate feedback for preclinical fixed prosthodontics course. The subjects of the study were second year dental students with no previous training in fixed prosthodontics. Nine students participated in the study. Participants completed 2 days of didactic training focused on the principles of tooth preparation and the use of intraoral scanners and virtual assessment software. Didactic training was followed by 12 sessions of practical exercises...
October 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
Preston Douglas, Carolyn Goldschmidt, Matthew McCoyd, Michael Schneck
Background : Good medical care relies on communication as much as technical expertise, yet physicians often overestimate the efficacy of their patient communication skills. Teaching communication skills can be cost- and time-intensive, and efforts have rarely focused on challenging situations, such as conveying the news of a patient's brain death to a family member. Objective : We developed a resource-sensitive simulation program to teach residents how to diagnose brain death and how to show empathy in discussing the diagnosis with the patient's family...
October 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
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