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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684829/the-effect-of-a-training-programme-on-school-nurses-knowledge-attitudes-and-depression-recognition-skills-the-quest-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Mark Haddad, Vanessa Pinfold, Tamsin Ford, Brendan Walsh, Andre Tylee
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems in children and young people are a vital public health issue. Only 25% of British school children with diagnosed mental health problems have specialist mental health services contact; front-line staff such as school nurses play a vital role in identifying and managing these problems, and accessing additional services for children, but there appears limited specific training and support for this aspect of their role. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a bespoke short training programme, which incorporated interactive and didactic teaching with printed and electronic resources...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684042/bridging-the-gap-between-informatics-and-medicine-upon-medical-school-entry-implementing-a-course-on-the-applicative-use-of-ict
#2
Natasa M Milic, Nikola Ilic, Dejana M Stanisavljevic, Andja M Cirkovic, Jelena S Milin, Zoran M Bukumiric, Nikola V Milic, Marko D Savic, Sara M Ristic, Goran Z Trajkovic
Education is undergoing profound changes due to permanent technological innovations. This paper reports the results of a pilot study aimed at developing, implementing and evaluating the course, "Applicative Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in Medicine," upon medical school entry. The Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, introduced a curriculum reform in 2014 that included the implementation of the course, "Applicative Use of ICT in Medicine" for first year medical students...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683748/fit-for-purpose-evaluation-of-cpd-courses-for-nurses-in-an-irish-university-teaching-hospital
#3
Mary Ryder, Freda Browne, Cáit Galvin, Orla Leonard, Jody O'Reilly
INTRODUCTION: acute tertiary hospitals require knowledgeable, skilled registered nurses to care for patients in specialist areas. It is also a professional responsibility that nurses maintain skills and competence. This article reports on stage 1 of an action research study to evaluate the delivery of continuing professional development (CPD) courses for registered nurses in an acute hospital in Ireland. METHODS: an audit and qualitative self-reporting questionnaire was used to obtain data...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682694/the-american-society-of-hematology-ash-medical-educators-institute-a-pilot-faculty-development-project-for-hematology-educators
#4
Jennifer C Kesselheim, Charles P Clayton, Josel Fritz, Roy E Smith, Scott D Gitlin, Erin Reid, Kenneth S Zuckerman, Marc J Kahn
Clinician educators at academic medical centers often lack the community, mentorship, and faculty development to support their missions around education scholarship and teaching. Inadequate support for clinician educators can lead to professional dissatisfaction and slowed academic advancement. In 2014, ASH conducted a needs assessment of medical school hematology course directors, hematology-oncology fellowship program directors, and other ASH members identified as educators to determine this community's desire for faculty development in medical education...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678968/-i-m-not-a-smoker%C3%A2-yet-a-qualitative-study-on-perceptions-of-tobacco-control-in-chinese-high-schools
#5
Xiang Zhao, Ross M cD Young, Katherine M White
OBJECTIVE: Chinese adolescents' perceptions about tobacco control at schools are rarely researched. We explored how current antismoking strategies work in middle school environments, as well as the attitudes towards these strategies held by students and teaching staff members. METHODS: Four focus groups (24 eleventh graders; M age =16 years) and five indepth interviews (teaching staff members with tobacco control experience in schools) were conducted in Kunming, Yunnan Province, China...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678532/feasibility-and-benefit-of-incorporating-a-multimedia-cadaver-laboratory-training-program-into-a-didactics-curriculum-for-junior-and-senior-surgical-residents
#6
Erika Simmerman, Andrew Simmerman, Randi Lassiter, Ray King, Ben Ham, Bao-Ling Adam, Colville Ferdinand, Steven Holsten
OBJECTIVE: As operative experience in general surgery decreases and work hour limitations increase there is less exposure of surgical residents to advanced vascular and trauma exposures. Many institutions have demonstrated benefits of cadaver laboratory courses. We have incorporated a multimedia cadaver laboratory course into our general surgery residency didactics curriculum with the objective to demonstrate a benefit of the program as well as the feasibility of incorporation. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective study at a tertiary care institution including general surgery residents within our residency program...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676257/-periodontal-optimization-of-the-smile-choosing-the-right-moment-to-achieve-a-maximum-esthetic-result
#7
Muriel Dumay, Jean-Marc Dersot, Brenda Mertens
INTRODUCTION: Today, esthetic enhancement is one of the main reasons why patients seek orthodontic treatment. Governed by the canons of beauty dictated by our society, the smile is a key component in this quest for perfect beauty. Hence, the orthodontist is often the first specialist to be consulted by adolescents, but also, more and more, by adults as well. Using simple tools, the practitioner must be able to make a precise analysis of the patient combining both orthodontic and periodontal examinations with an esthetic periodontal diagnosis...
March 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673255/reducing-muslim-mammography-disparities-outcomes-from-a-religiously-tailored-mosque-based-intervention
#8
Aasim I Padela, Sana Malik, Syeda Akila Ally, Michael Quinn, Stephen Hall, Monica Peek
OBJECTIVE: To describe the design of, and participant-level outcomes related to, a religiously tailored, peer-led group education program aimed at enhancing Muslim women's mammography intention. METHOD: Using a community-engaged approach and mixed methods, we identified and addressed barrier beliefs impeding mammography screening among Muslim American women. Our religiously tailored, mosque-based, peer-led intervention involved facilitated discussions and expert-led didactics conveying health-related religious teachings, and information about the benefits and process of mammography...
April 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672937/see-reflect-learn-more-qualitative-analysis-of-breaking-bad-news-reflective-narratives
#9
Orit Karnieli-Miller, Michal Palombo, Dafna Meitar
CONTEXT: Breaking bad news (BBN) is a challenge that requires multiple professional competencies. BBN teaching often includes didactic and group role-playing sessions. Both are useful and important, but exclude another critical component of students' learning: day-to-day role-model observation in the clinics. Given the importance of observation and the potential benefit of reflective writing in teaching, we have incorporated reflective writing into our BBN course. The aim of this study was to enhance our understanding of the learning potential in reflective writing about BBN encounters and the ability to identify components that inhibit this learning...
May 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672374/integrating-team-training-in-the-pediatric-life-support-program-an-effective-and-efficient-approach
#10
Mary J Fagan, Cynthia D Connelly, Brian S Williams, Erin Stucky Fisher
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of integrating teamwork training into an established Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) program to assess the effect on teamwork and collaboration among interprofessionals. BACKGROUND: Lack of teamwork and ineffective communication are common contributors to hospital sentinel events. Interprofessional teamwork training to support a culture of patient safety is advocated; however, training methods and related expenses vary widely...
May 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672309/a-web-based-education-program-for-colorectal-lesion-diagnosis-with-narrow-band-imaging-classification
#11
Hiroyuki Aihara, Nitin Kumar, Christopher C Thompson
BACKGROUND: An education system for narrow band imaging (NBI) interpretation requires sufficient exposure to key features. However, access to didactic lectures by experienced teachers is limited in the United States. AIM: To develop and assess the effectiveness of a colorectal lesion identification tutorial. METHODS: In the image analysis pretest, subjects including 9 experts and 8 trainees interpreted 50 white light (WL) and 50 NBI images of colorectal lesions...
April 19, 2018: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668790/experimental-classroom-games-a-didactic-tool-in-palliative-care
#12
Ana Isabel López Alonso, Maria Elena Fernández Martínez, Cristina Liébana Presa, Ana Maria Vázquez Casares, Maria Paz Castro González
Objective To evaluate the effect of a games-based intervention on palliative care nursing students' scores on the Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale. The challenge was to innovate and integrate grief-related theory and experiences into the classroom. Method Quasi-experimental study. Before and after the games-based intervention, 101 and 111 students completed the questionnaires, respectively. The intervention was performed in the context of a palliative care class taught during the first semester of the third year of the nursing programme...
2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660575/development-and-implementation-of-a-competency-based-clinical-evaluation-tool-for-midwifery-education
#13
Kate Woeber
BACKGROUND: The learning goals and evaluation strategies of competency-based midwifery programs must be explicit and well-defined. In the US, didactic learning is evaluated through a standardized certification examination, but standardized clinical competence evaluation is lacking. DESCRIPTION OF THE TOOL: The Midwifery Competency Assessment Tool (MCAT) has been adapted from the International Confederation of Midwives' (ICM) "Essential Competencies" and from the American College of Nurse-Midwives' (ACNM) "Core Competencies", with student self-evaluation based on Benner's Novice-to-Expert theory...
March 22, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659155/breaking-with-tradition-a-scoping-meta-analysis-analyzing-the-effects-of-student-centered-learning-and-computer-aided-instruction-on-student-performance-in-anatomy
#14
Adam B Wilson, Kirsten M Brown, Jonathan Misch, Corinne H Miller, Barbie A Klein, Melissa A Taylor, Michael Goodwin, Eve K Boyle, Chantal Hoppe, Michelle D Lazarus
While prior meta-analyses in anatomy education have explored the effects of laboratory pedagogies and histology media on learner performance, the effects of student-centered learning (SCL) and computer-aided instruction (CAI) have not been broadly evaluated. This research sought to answer the question, "How effective are student-centered pedagogies and CAI at increasing student knowledge gains in anatomy compared to traditional didactic approaches?" Relevant studies published within the past 51 years were searched using five databases...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658785/smartphone-use-and-schema-based-learning-in-dento-maxillofacial-radiology-practice-a-case-report-from-one-college-of-dentistry
#15
Young-A Ji, You Mee Lee, Hyun-Dae Lim, Won-Jong Park, Ji Hye Jung, Je-Woo Lee, Byung Do Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the students' satisfaction and awareness of competency towards smartphone use and schema based learning in dental radiology practice. METHODS: Third-year students undertaking a dental radiology practicum at a dental school were divided into two groups: one group received traditional clinical training, whereas the other group used smartphones in classes and received new training using schema assignments. At the end of the course, students' satisfaction with the training and self-awareness of their competency were surveyed, and their achievement was assessed...
April 16, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657853/training-scientists-as-future-industry-leaders-teaching-translational-science-from-an-industry-executive-s-perspective
#16
Gloria Lee, Jay D Kranzler, Ravichandran Ramasamy, Gabrielle Gold-von Simson
PhDs and post-doctoral biomedical graduates, in greater numbers, are choosing industry based careers. However, most scientists do not have formal training in business strategies and venture creation and may find senior management positions untenable. To fill this training gap, "Biotechnology Industry: Structure and Strategy" was offered at New York University School of Medicine (NYUSOM). The course focuses on the business aspects of translational medicine and research translation and incorporates the practice of business case discussions, mock negotiation, and direct interactions into the didactic...
2018: Journal of Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653460/-doctor-patient-communication-training-in-simulated-situations-emotions-and-perceptions-of-simulated-patients-during-patient-centered-conversations
#17
Maria Asisa Butollo, Anita Holzinger, Michaela Wagner-Menghin
INTRODUCTION: The use of simulated patients (SPs) for doctor-patient communication training has been established in medical curricula as an important didactic method. The study addresses the question, if patients' emotions and perceptions are represented adequately in patient-centered communication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 22 of 37 SPs of the Medical University of Vienna (12 women, 10 men) were asked openly about their feelings after having acted as an SP in a semi-structured interview, which employed the Critical Incident Technique...
April 13, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652834/easy-to-build-textile-pressure-sensor
#18
Francisco Pizarro, Piero Villavicencio, Daniel Yunge, Mauricio Rodríguez, Gabriel Hermosilla, Ariel Leiva
This article presents the design, construction, and evaluation of an easy-to-build textile pressure resistive sensor created from low-cost conventional anti-static sheets and conductive woven fabrics. The sensor can be built quickly using standard household tools, and its thinness makes it especially suitable for wearable applications. Five sensors constructed under such conditions were evaluated, presenting a stable and linear characteristic in the range 1 to 70 kPa. The linear response was modeled and fitted for each sensor individually for comparison purposes, confirming a low variability due to the simple manufacturing process...
April 13, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650485/providing-transthoracic-echocardiography-training-for-intensive-care-unit-trainees-an-educational-improvement-initiative
#19
Catherine M Kuza, M Tariq Hanifi, Melissa Koç, Matthias Stopfkuchen-Evans
OBJECTIVE: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is important in the management of critically ill patients, yet it has not been incorporated into many residency programs' curricula. Our objective is to determine if trainees undergoing a 60-minute training session on TTE have improved knowledge, ultrasound skills, and increases the utilization of TTE during their rotation in the intensive care unit (ICU). We will also compare the results of participants with prior TTE exposure to TTE-naïve trainees...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650483/solid-cystic-and-tubular-novice-ultrasound-skills-training-using-a-versatile-affordable-practice-model
#20
Shruti Sevak, Benjamin Lurvey, Ashley A Woodfin, Zachary Hothem, Rose E Callahan, James Robbins, Kathryn Ziegler
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the recognized benefits of ultrasound, many physicians have little experience with using ultrasound to perform procedures. Many medical schools and residency programs lack a formal ultrasound training curriculum. We describe an affordable ultrasound training curriculum and versatile, inexpensive practice model. DESIGN: Participants underwent a didactic session to teach the theory required to perform ultrasound-guided procedures. Motor skills were taught using a practice model incorporating analogs of common anatomic and pathologic structures into an opacified gelatin substrate...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
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