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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427354/unique-case-report-of-a-chromomycosis-and-listeria-in-soft-tissue-and-cerebellar-abscesses-after-kidney-transplantation
#1
J Tourret, N Benabdellah, S Drouin, F Charlotte, J Rottembourg, N Arzouk, A Fekkar, B Barrou
BACKGROUND: Chromomycosis is a rare mycotic infection encountered in tropical and subtropical regions. The disease presents as a slowly-evolving nodule that can become infected with bacteria. Here, we describe a unique association of abscesses caused by a chromomycosis and Listeria monocytogenes in a kidney transplant recipient, and didactically expose how the appropriate diagnosis was reached. CASE PRESENTATION: A 49-year old male originating from the Caribbean presented a scalp lesion which was surgically removed in his hometown where it was misdiagnosed as a sporotrichosis on histology, 3 years after he received a kidney transplant...
April 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421755/increasing-radical-character-of-large-n-cyclacenes-unveiled-by-wavefunction-theory
#2
Stefano Battaglia, Noelia Faginas Lago, Dirk Andrae, Stefano Evangelisti, Thierry Leininger
We have investigated the radicality and the singlet-triplet energy gap of [ n ]cyclacenes (cyclic polyacenes) as a function of the system size for n even, from 6 to 22. The calculations are performed using the complete active space self-consistent field method and second-order n-electron valence perturbation theory. We present a systematic way for the selection of the active space in order to have a balanced description of the wavefunction as the size of the system increases. Moreover, we provide didactic insight into the failure of an approach based on a minimal active space...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421176/distributed-learning-revitalizing-anesthesiology-training-in-resource-limited-ethiopia
#3
Krupa B Patel, Morgan Dooley, Ananya Abate, Vanessa Moll
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has a significant paucity of available health-care workers. Despite the increasing number of medical schools, there are not enough physician instructors. Furthermore, availability and standardization of postgraduate training are lacking. Modalities of e-learning have been shown to be successful when used to impart medical education in other resource-limited countries. The Emory University and Addis Ababa University (AAU) Departments of Anesthesiology have formed a collaboration with the intent of improving the AAU Anesthesiology residency program, one of two postgraduate training programs for anesthesiology in Ethiopia...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419790/the-many-radial-access-learning-curves
#4
William B Hillegass
The radial approach to endovascular procedures has a series of learning curves: diagnostic heart catheterization, low-risk settings and "straightforward" percutaneous coronary intervention, high-risk settings, and complex coronary intervention, and peripheral vascular angiography and intervention. For diagnostic and low-risk interventional procedures, incremental improvements in technical success and safety are observed in the initial 200 procedures for most operators compared to highly experienced operators...
April 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414512/adolescents-intergenerational-narratives-across-cultures
#5
Elaine Reese, Robyn Fivush, Natalie Merrill, Qi Wang, Helena McAnally
Adolescents' intergenerational narratives-the stories they tell about their mothers' and fathers' early experiences-are an important component of their identities (Fivush & Merrill, 2016; Merrill & Fivush, 2016). This study explored adolescents' intergenerational narratives across cultures. Adolescents aged 12 to 21 from 3 cultural groups in New Zealand (Chinese: n = 88; Māori: n = 91; European: n = 91) narrated stories about their mothers' and fathers' childhood experiences. In these narratives, New Zealand Chinese and Māori adolescents included more identity connections (statements linking their own identities to their parents' experiences) than did New Zealand European adolescents, and New Zealand Chinese adolescents' intergenerational narratives were more coherent than were New Zealand European and Māori adolescents' narratives...
April 17, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406847/nontechnical-skill-training-and-the-use-of-scenarios-in-modern-surgical-education
#6
Oliver Brunckhorst, Muhammad S Khan, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nontechnical skills are being increasingly recognized as a core reason of surgical errors. Combined with the changing nature of surgical training, there has therefore been an increase in nontechnical skill research in the literature. This review therefore aims to: define nontechnical skillsets, assess current training methods, explore assessment modalities and suggest future research aims. RECENT FINDINGS: The literature demonstrates an increasing understanding of the components of nontechnical skills within surgery...
April 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405216/effect-of-a-mental-health-training-programme-on-nigerian-school-pupils-perceptions-of-mental-illness
#7
Adeola Oluwafunmilayo Oduguwa, Babatunde Adedokun, Olayinka Olusola Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: Stigmatizing attitudes and discriminatory behaviour towards persons with mental illness are known to start in childhood. In Nigeria, it is not unusual to see children taunting persons with mental illness. This behaviour continues into adulthood as evidenced by the day-to-day occurrences in the community of negative attitudes and social distance from persons with mental illness. School-based interventions for pupils have been found to increase knowledge about mental illness...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392005/robert-wood-johnson-foundation-nurse-faculty-scholars-program-leadership-training
#8
Jacquelyn C Campbell, Angela Barron McBride, LuAnn Etcher, Katie Deming
BACKGROUND: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars program was created to address the nursing shortage via development of the next generation of national leaders in academic nursing. PURPOSE: The leadership training combined development at the scholar's home institution with in-person didactic and interactive sessions with notable leaders in nursing and other disciplines. METHODS: A curriculum matrix, organized by six domains, was evaluated quantitatively and qualitatively...
February 20, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391730/impact-of-different-educational-interventions-on-psychosocial-well-being-of-women-with-a-positive-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-and-normal-cervical-cytology-a-randomised-trial
#9
Siew Fei Ngu, Na Wei, Tracy T C Kwan, Mandy M Y Chu, Ka Yu Tse, Karen K L Chan, Hextan Y S Ngan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of two educational interventions on the psychosocial well-being of Hong Kong Chinese women who have a positive high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) test and normal cervical cytology. METHODS: Participants were randomised into either leaflet group, in which a written HPV factsheet was provided; or counselling group, in which a didactic HPV presentation in person in addition to the factsheet was provided...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384167/facing-the-challenges-in-ophthalmology-clerkship-teaching-is-flipped-classroom-the-answer
#10
Ying Lin, Yi Zhu, Chuan Chen, Wei Wang, Tingting Chen, Tao Li, Yonghao Li, Bingqian Liu, Yu Lian, Lin Lu, Yuxian Zou, Yizhi Liu
Recent reform of medical education highlights the growing concerns about the capability of the current educational model to equip medical school students with essential skills for future career development. In the field of ophthalmology, although many attempts have been made to address the problem of the decreasing teaching time and the increasing load of course content, a growing body of literature indicates the need to reform the current ophthalmology teaching strategies. Flipped classroom is a new pedagogical model in which students develop a basic understanding of the course materials before class, and use in-class time for learner-centered activities, such as group discussion and presentation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381894/teaching-student-pharmacists-to-apply-drug-literature-to-patient-cases
#11
Robert D Beckett, Jennifer A Henriksen, Kierstan Hanson, Holly D Robison
Objective. To implement a series of activities designed to build drug literature evaluation skills and assess their impact on student pharmacists' ability to apply study results to patient cases. Design. Coursework was integrated across two didactic and pharmacy practice laboratory (PPL) courses. Team and individual journal clubs were used in traditional and case-based approaches during PPL courses to reinforce skills introduced in didactic courses. Student performance and perceptions were assessed during orientation for the third professional (P3) year and after the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) at the end of the P3 year in identical drug literature evaluation assessments and pre- and post-intervention surveys of students...
March 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381888/global-health-education-in-doctor-of-pharmacy-programs-in-the-united-states
#12
Gina M Prescott, Betty N Vu, Naser Z Alsharif, William Allan Prescott
Objective. To determine the extent and manner in which global health education is taught at US PharmD programs. Methods. A pre-tested 40-question electronic survey instrument was developed and sent to each of the 127 accredited or candidate-status US doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) programs. Results. Twenty-eight public and 27 private PharmD programs responded to the survey (43.3%). Twenty-five (45.5%) programs had integrated global health topics into their required didactic curriculum, and 30 of 52 programs (57...
March 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381653/hands-on-simulation-versus-traditional-video-learning-in-teaching-microsurgery-technique
#13
Yusuke Sakamoto, Sho Okamoto, Kenzo Shimizu, Yoshio Araki, Akihiro Hirakawa, Toshihiko Wakabayashi
Bench model hands-on learning may be more effective than traditional didactic practice in some surgical fields. However, this has not been reported for microsurgery. Our study objective was to demonstrate the efficacy of bench model hands-on learning in acquiring microsuturing skills. The secondary objective was to evaluate the aptitude for microsurgery based on personality assessment. Eighty-six medical students comprising 62 men and 24 women were randomly assigned to either 20 min of hands-on learning with a bench model simulator or 20 min of video-learning using an instructional video...
April 6, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376787/medical-students-experience-of-emotions-and-success-in-neurological-studies-what-do-they-tell-us
#14
Hanna Ansakorpi, Marja-Liisa Sumelahti, Raimo Kaasila
BACKGROUND: There is a need to develop effective educational experience in neurology to improve the students' skills in diagnosing and managing patients with neurological symptoms or disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the medical students' attitudes and emotions towards neurology before and after the four week clinical course at two Finnish Universities in order to find elements to improve effective learning by decreasing the emotional stress in medical studies. METHODS: In this two-stage study, 58 medical students participated in an internet survey with open-ended questions after completing a clinical neurology course...
April 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376275/-applying-anatomy-to-something-i-care-about-authentic-inquiry-learning-and-student-experiences-of-an-inquiry-project
#15
Lauren M Anstey
Despite advances to move anatomy education away from its didactic history, there is a continued need for students to contextualize their studies to make learning more meaningful. This article investigates authentic learning in the context of an inquiry-based approach to learning human gross anatomy. Utilizing a case-study design with three groups of students (n = 18) and their facilitators (n = 3), methods of classroom observations, interviews, and artifact collection were utilized to investigate students' experiences of learning through an inquiry project...
April 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374208/a-pilot-study-of-a-behavioral-parent-training-in-the-republic-of-macedonia
#16
Blake D Hansen, Emma Lucy Orton, Chase Adams, Laura Knecht, Sophie Rindlisbaker, Filip Jurtoski, Vladimir Trajkovski
Parenting children with autism in countries with limited professional and financial resources can be overwhelming. Parent training led by non-governmental organizations may help alleviate some of these burdens. The present pilot study was conducted in the Republic of Macedonia, a country located in Southeastern Europe. The purpose of the study was to evaluate a parent training model for disseminating evidence-based practices through didactic and pyramidal training strategies. Results indicated that children improved on a number of different behaviors and results provide some evidence that parenting confidence and distress improved...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371294/advanced-materials-for-health-monitoring-with-skin-based-wearable-devices
#17
REVIEW
Han Jin, Yasmin Shibli Abu-Raya, Hossam Haick
Skin-based wearable devices have a great potential that could result in a revolutionary approach to health monitoring and diagnosing disease. With continued innovation and intensive attention to the materials and fabrication technologies, development of these healthcare devices is progressively encouraged. This article gives a concise, although admittedly non-exhaustive, didactic review of some of the main concepts and approaches related to recent advances and developments in the scope of skin-based wearable devices (e...
March 29, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366440/progressive-learning-in-endoscopy-simulation-training-improves-clinical-performance-a-blinded-randomized-trial
#18
Samir C Grover, Michael A Scaffidi, Rishad Khan, Ankit Garg, Ahmed Al-Mazroui, Tareq Alomani, Jeffrey J Yu, Ian S Plener, Mohamed Al-Awamy, Elaine L Yong, Maria Cino, Nikila C Ravindran, Mark Zasowski, Teodor P Grantcharov, Catharine M Walsh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A structured comprehensive curriculum (SCC) using simulation-based training (SBT) can improve clinical colonoscopy performance. This curriculum may be enhanced through the application of progressive learning, a training strategy centered on incrementally challenging learners. We aimed to determine whether a progressive learning-based curriculum (PLC) would lead to superior clinical performance compared with an SCC. METHODS: This was a single-blinded randomized controlled trial conducted at a single academic center...
March 30, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365603/predoctoral-dental-students-perceptions-of-dental-implant-training-effect-of-preclinical-simulation-and-clinical-experience
#19
Soni Prasad, Naveen Bansal
The aims of this study were to assess 1) differences in perceptions of dental implant training between dental students who received didactic training alone (control group) and those who received didactic plus simulation training (test group); 2) differences in response between students with and without clinical experience in implant dentistry; and 3) the interaction effect of simulation training and clinical experience on students' satisfaction. A survey was distributed to the control group in 2014 and to the test group in 2015; both groups were at the same U...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365233/an-interprofessional-learning-workshop-for-mammography-and-sonography-students-focusing-on-breast-cancer-care-and-management-via-simulation-a-pilot-study
#20
Eileen M Giles, Nayana Parange, Bronwyn Knight
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The literature surrounding interprofessional education claims that students who learn with, from, and about one another in well-designed interprofessional programs will practice together collaboratively upon graduation, given the skills to do so. The objective of this study was to examine attitudes to interprofessional practice before and after an interprofessional learning (IPL) activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 postgraduate medical imaging students attended a week-long mammography workshop...
March 29, 2017: Academic Radiology
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