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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344718/imagine-ing-interprofessional-education-program-evaluation-of-a-novel-inner-city-health-educational-experience
#1
Tina Hu, Kelly Anne Cox, Joyce Nyhof-Young
BACKGROUND: Poverty is a key determinant of health that leads to poor health outcomes. Although most healthcare providers will work with patients experiencing poverty, surveys among healthcare students have reported a curriculum gap in this area. This study aims to introduce and evaluate a novel, student-run interprofessional inner city health educational program that combines both practical and didactic educational components. METHODS: Students participating in the program answered pre- and post-program surveys...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343558/simulator-based-obstetric-ultrasound-training-a-prospective-randomized-single-blinded-study
#2
Hadar Rosen, Rory Windrim, Yee Man Lee, Lara Gotha, Vsevolod Perelman, Stefania Ronzoni
OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of simulator-based and patient-based obstetric ultrasound training. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial. Eighteen consenting obstetric trainees with minimal previous ultrasound exposure were recruited. Enrolled patients were also fully consenting. Mid-trimester fetal brain anatomy in the standard planes (i.e., biparietal diameter and head circumference, cavum septum pellucidum, posterior fossa, and lateral ventricle) was chosen as a surrogate for all fetal anatomy ultrasound training...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340222/success-in-implementation-of-a-resident-in-service-examination-review-series
#3
Jessica A Forcucci, J Madison Hyer, Evelyn T Bruner, David N Lewin, Nicholas I Batalis
Objectives: Primary pathology board certification has been correlated with senior resident in-service examination (RISE) performance. We describe our success with an annual, month-long review series. Methods: Aggregate program RISE performance data were gathered for 3 years prior to and 3 years following initiation of the review series. In addition, mean United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 and 2 Clinical Knowledge scores for residents participating in each RISE examination were obtained to control for incoming knowledge and test-taking ability...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334629/diabetes-knowledge-and-perceptions-among-nursing-students-and-curriculum-differences-in-japan-and-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Lucie M Ramjan, Hiroko Watanabe, Yenna Salamonson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between knowledge and perceptions of diabetes mellitus (DM) among nursing students from Japan and Australia; and to compare curriculum differences. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Convenience sample of students from Japan (N=78) and Australia (N=85) in their final year were surveyed. Students reported demographic details, and perceptions towards caring for patients with DM. The 23-item Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test (MDKT) was used to assess general knowledge, and seven additional questions were used to assess DM-related clinical knowledge (CDKT)...
March 16, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333526/learning-higher-order-generalizations-through-free-play-evidence-from-2-and-3-year-old-children
#5
Zi L Sim, Fei Xu
Constructivist views of cognitive development often converge on 2 key points: (a) the child's goal is to build large conceptual structures for understanding the world, and (b) the child plays an active role in developing these structures. While previous research has demonstrated that young children show a precocious capacity for concept and theory building when they are provided with helpful data within training settings, and that they explore their environment in ways that may promote learning, it remains an open question whether young children are able to build larger conceptual structures using self-generated evidence, a form of active learning...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333003/palliative-care-didactic-course-for-radiation-oncology-residents
#6
Michael A Garcia, Steve E Braunstein, Wendy G Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332942/a-statewide-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-curriculum-for-medical-residents-differential-implementation-strategies-in-heterogeneous-medical-residency-programs
#7
Janice L Pringle, Shannon M Kearney, Sherry Rickard-Aasen, Melinda M Campopiano, Adam J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Many screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) training curricula have been implemented within graduate medical residency training programs, with varying degrees of success. The authors examined the implementation of a uniform, but adaptable, statewide SBIRT curriculum in 7 diverse residency training programs and whether it could improve resident knowledge, skills, and attitudes regarding SBIRT and unhealthy alcohol and other drug (AOD) use. METHODS: The authors assessed the implementation of the Pennsylvania SBIRT Medical and Residency Training (SMaRT) curriculum at 7 residency sites training a variety of disciplines...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327079/patterns-of-practice-in-community-mental-health-treatment-of-adult-depression
#8
Cara C Lewis, C Nathan Marti, Brigid R Marriott, Kelli Scott, David Ayer
OBJECTIVE: Community mental health therapists often endorse an eclectic orientation, but few studies reveal how therapists utilize elements of evidence-based psychotherapies. This study aimed to characterize treatment as usual patterns of practice among therapists treating depressed adults in community mental health settings. METHOD: Therapists (N = 165) from the USA's largest not-for-profit provider of community-based mental health services completed surveys assessing their demographics and practice element use with depressed adult clients...
March 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323395/development-of-a-didactical-training-concept-for-peer-tutors-in-gross-anatomy
#9
Simone Alvarez, Christoph Nikendei, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
Even though peer tutors are often used in gross anatomy courses, research in the field is rather a subject of the last two decades. This is especially true about the didactical challenges these types of peer tutors experience during their tutorials and about how they are prepared for the task. The aim of the presented study was to learn about the training needs of the tutors, and to subsequently design, implement, and evaluate a didactical training concept. A qualitative design was chosen to examine how tutors can best be prepared for tutorials of gross anatomy...
March 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315728/can-ambulance-telephone-triage-using-nhs-pathways-accurately-identify-paediatric-cardiac-arrest
#10
Charles D Deakin, Simon England, Debbie Diffey, Ian Maconochie
BACKGROUND: Most out-of-hospital paediatric cardiac arrests (CA) are not identified until a call is made to the emergency medical services. Accurate identification increases overall survival by enabling immediate ambulance dispatch and delivery of bystander CPR. European ambulance services use a variety of didactic telephone scripts to interrogate the caller and rapidly identify paediatric CA. The performance of these scripts has not been reported. This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the NHS Pathways as a telephone triage tool to identify patients less than 16 years age in cardiac arrest...
March 15, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315388/mechano-devo
#11
REVIEW
Olivier Hamant
In "On growth and form", D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson (1917) stresses the inevitable interactions between physics and developmental biology. With the recent progress in molecular genetics, live imaging, micromechanics and modeling, the study of morphogenesis has been rejuvenated in the present century: the activity of developmental genes can be interpreted in terms of mechanical properties to dissect the chain of events behind shape changes; in turn, patterns of shape- and growth-derived mechanical stress are calculated and shown to act as signals controlling cell effectors, in synergy with biochemical cues, thereby channeling morphogenesis...
March 15, 2017: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314200/contrast-reaction-training-in-us-radiology-residencies-a-blinded-study
#12
Christina A LeBedis, Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Hansel J Otero, Summer J Decker, Robert J Ward
OBJECTIVE: To perform a survey-based assessment of current contrast reaction training in US diagnostic radiology residency programs. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to radiology residency program directors from 9/2015-11/2015. RESULTS: 25.7% of programs responded. 95.7% of those who responded provide contrast reaction management training. 89.4% provide didactic lectures (occurring yearly in 71.4%). 37.8% provide hands-on simulation training (occurring yearly in 82...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300734/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-young-ophthalmologists-perception-of-their-residency-programs-ii-academics-and-research-dissertation
#13
Parikshit Madhav Gogate, Partha Biswas, Sundaram Natarajan, Barun Kumar Nayak, Santhan Gopal, Yogesh Shah, Samar K Basak
PURPOSE: To know the perception of young ophthalmologists about their dissertation and academics during residency training in order to improve the research output during present residency programs in India. METHODS: A survey was conducted by Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmological Society, the world's second largest ophthalmic professional's organization, in 2014-2016 of young ophthalmologists (those who completed residency between 2005 and 2012) to gauge usefulness of dissertation or thesis during postgraduate residency...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295898/the-program-for-personnel-in-medical-institutions-in-japan-to-combat-child-maltreatment
#14
Koji Tanoue, Masayoshi Senda, Byongmun An, Midori Tasaki, Megumi Taguchi, Kosuke Kobashi, Shinji Oana, Fumitake Mizoguchi, Yuko Shiraishi, Fujiko Yamada, Makiko Okuyama, Kotaro Ichikawa
BACKGROUND: In 2014, we created the training program for personnel in medical institutions in Japan to combat child maltreatment. Our objective was to document the effectiveness of the program for professionals from multiple disciplines working in medical institutions. METHODS: The questionnaire designed for the training program included demographic questions such years of practice and area of specialty, i.e. physician, nurse, social worker, public health nurse, technician, and others, as well as experience with suspected child maltreatment cases and training in dealing with such cases...
March 11, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292299/adoption-reach-and-implementation-of-a-cancer-education-intervention-in-african-american-churches
#15
Sherie Lou Zara Santos, Erin K Tagai, Mary Ann Scheirer, Janice Bowie, Muhiuddin Haider, Jimmie Slade, Min Qi Wang, Cheryl L Holt
BACKGROUND: Use of technology is increasing in health promotion and has continued growth potential in intervention research. Guided by the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework, this paper reports on the adoption, reach, and implementation of Project HEAL (Health through Early Awareness and Learning)-a community-based implementation trial of a cancer educational intervention in 14 African American churches. We compare adoption, reach, and implementation at the organizational and participant level for churches in which lay peer community health advisors (CHAs) were trained using traditional classroom didactic methods compared with a new online system...
March 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291556/teaching-communication-skills-to-radiology-residents
#16
Jason N Itri, Sammy Yacob, Ayman Mithqal
The transition of health care in the United States from volume to value requires a systems-based approach aligning clinical services across the continuum of care. The ability to communicate effectively and resolve conflict is a critical skill within the systems-based model. Recognizing the essential role of communication in medicine, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education has designated interpersonal and communication skills a core competency for all residents regardless of specialty. Yet, communication skills are often developed through on-the-job training or not at all...
January 17, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290949/dod-supported-overseas-training-rotations-in-tropical-medicine-and-global-health-2000-2015
#17
James D Mancuso, Patrick W Hickey, Rodney L Coldren, Amy K Korman, Lisa W Keep, Robert F DeFraites, Maria Smith, Luke J Mancuso, Jose L Sanchez
In 1999, the Department of Defense developed a tropical medicine training program (TMTP) to train military physicians, medical students, and scientists in performing surveillance activities in an overseas environment. This review describes the competencies, educational approach, program participants, institutional collaborations, and process outcomes of the TMTP from 2000 to 2015. TMTP-sponsored rotations addressed a wide variety of interdisciplinary competencies, many of which have military-unique applications...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289303/an-elective-course-to-foster-interest-in-academic-pharmacy-career-opportunities
#18
Joshua J Spooner, Daniel R Kennedy
Objective. To create an elective course to foster student interest in pursuing a career in academic pharmacy. Design. The course met for two hours once weekly throughout the semester and required student attendance at the AACP Annual Meeting. The course included didactic instruction, a student-designed individual teaching seminar, design and implementation of a research project for presentation at a national meeting, and drafting of a manuscript suitable for publication in a peer-reviewed journal. Assessment...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289301/design-implementation-and-assessment-approaches-within-a-pharmacogenomics-course
#19
Connie M Remsberg, Brenda S Bray, Susan K Wright, Joe Ashmore, William Kabasenche, Shuwen Wang, Philip Lazarus, Sayed S Daoud
Objective. To design and implement a pharmacogenomics course that focuses on analysis and integration of pharmacogenomic data into clinical practice and to explore how participation in the course influences student self-confidence. Design. The Basic and Clinical Pharmacogenomics course content was divided into three modules: genetic-based didactic sessions, genomic techniques and self-genotype/phenotype laboratory exercise, and clinical-based case studies. Student learning assessment included knowledge- and application-based tests and performance on a group project...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289296/methods-used-by-colleges-and-schools-of-pharmacy-to-prepare-student-pharmacists-for-careers-in-academia
#20
Seena L Haines, Eliza A Dy-Boarman, Kalin M Clifford, Maria A Summa, Megan N Willson, Jaclyn A Boyle, Michael J Peeters
Objective. To identify the methods used by US colleges and schools of pharmacy to prepare student pharmacists for academic careers. Method. An 18-item survey instrument was developed and distributed to US colleges and schools of pharmacy. Representatives were asked about faculty responsibilities, experiences in academia currently offered to student pharmacists, and representatives' perception of their student pharmacists' preparedness for careers in academia, including barriers in current programming. Results...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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