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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726525/working-memory-capacity-and-addiction-treatment-outcomes-in-adolescents
#1
Jon M Houck, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
BACKGROUND: Brief addiction treatments including motivational interviewing (MI) have shown promise with adolescents, but the factors that influence treatment efficacy in this population remain unknown. One candidate is working memory, the ability to hold a fact or thought in mind. This is relevant, as in therapy, a client must maintain and manipulate ideas while working with a clinician. Working memory depends upon brain structures and functions that change markedly during neurodevelopment and that can be negatively impacted by substance use...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721113/telehealth-and-ehealth-in-nurse-practitioner-training-current-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Carolyn M Rutledge, Karen Kott, Patty A Schweickert, Rebecca Poston, Christianne Fowler, Tina S Haney
Telehealth is becoming a vital process for providing access to cost-effective quality care to patients at a distance. As such, it is important for nurse practitioners, often the primary providers for rural and disadvantaged populations, to develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to utilize telehealth technologies in practice. In reviewing the literature, very little information was found on programs that addressed nurse practitioner training in telehealth. This article provides an overview of both the topics and the techniques that have been utilized for training nurse practitioners and nurse practitioner students in the delivery of care utilizing telehealth...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720922/transformation-of-an-online-multidisciplinary-course-into-a-live-interprofessional-experience
#3
Carrie Sincak, James Gunn, Christine Conroy, Kathy Komperda, Kevin Van Kanegan, Nathaniel Krumdick, Michelle Lee, Preetha Kanjirath, Kelly Lempicki, Kurt Heinking, Jacqueline Spiegel
Objective. To design, implement, and assess an interprofessional education (IPE) course in the first professional year of students enrolled in eight different health professions programs. Design. An interprofessional faculty committee created a 1-credit hour required IPE course to not only teach students about the roles and responsibilities of each discipline and how they may contribute to an interprofessional team, but to also improve collaboration and team-based communication skills among health care professions students...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719482/teaching-incision-and-drainage-perceived-educational-value-of-abscess-models
#4
Cynthia M Adams, Lise E Nigrovic, Gavin Hayes, Peter H Weinstock, Joshua Nagler
OBJECTIVES: Incision and drainage (I&D) of skin abscesses is an important procedural skill for pediatric emergency medicine providers. Practical skills training using simulation provides an opportunity to learn and gain confidence with this invasive procedure. Our objective was to assess the perceived educational value of 2 versions of an abscess model as part of an educational workshop for teaching I&D. METHODS: A combined didactic and practical skills workshop was developed for use at 2 national conferences...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717871/sleeve-gastrectomy-telementoring-a-sages-multi-institutional-quality-improvement-initiative
#5
Ninh T Nguyen, Allan Okrainec, Mehran Anvari, Brian Smith, Oz Meireles, Denise Gee, Erin Moran-Atkin, Evelyn Baram-Clothier, Diego R Camacho
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy is a relatively new procedure that developed as a result of rapid innovation in the field of bariatric surgery. As with any newly developed operation, there is a learning curve that potentially can be associated with higher morbidity. Real-time surgical mentoring reduces the learning curve effect but can be time intensive for the mentor. The aim of this initiative was to evaluate the feasibility, effectiveness, and satisfaction of surgical telementoring for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy...
July 17, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717777/association-between-public-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-education-and-the-willingness-to-perform-bystander-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-metropolitan-citywide-survey
#6
Jeong Woo Son, Hyun Wook Ryoo, Sungbae Moon, Jong-Yeon Kim, Jae Yun Ahn, Jeong Bae Park, Kang Suk Seo, Jong Kun Kim, Yun Jeong Kim
OBJECTIVE: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important factor associated with improved survival rates and neurologic prognoses in cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. We assessed how factors related to CPR education including timing of education, period from the most recent education session, and content, affected CPR willingness. METHODS: In February 2012, trained interviewers conducted an interview survey of 1,000 Daegu citizens through an organized questionnaire...
June 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716560/integrated-mental-health-training-for-pediatric-and-psychology-trainees-using-standardized-patient-encounters
#7
Sandra H Jee, Constance Baldwin, Rita Dadiz, Marybeth Jones, Linda Alpert-Gillis
Primary care pediatricians and psychology practitioners who co-manage mental health problems can develop interdisciplinary communication and collaborative skills from joint standardized patient encounters and debriefings, combined with brief didactics. Learners demonstrated increased confidence in shared management of behavior health problems.
July 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716384/a-review-of-empathy-its-importance-and-its-teaching-in-surgical-training
#8
Jing L Han, Theodore N Pappas
BACKGROUND: There has been much discussion in the medical literature about the importance of empathy and physician communication style in medical practice. Empathy has been shown to have a very real positive effect on patient outcomes. Most of the existing literature speaks to its role in medical education, with relatively little empiric study about empathy in the surgical setting. OBJECTIVE: Review of empathy and its importance as it pertains to the surgeon-patient relationship and improving patient outcomes, and the need for increased education in empathy during surgical training...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715481/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-the-training-effects-of-a-didactic-and-simulation-based-psychological-first-aid-program-in-students-and-school-counselors-in-south-korea
#9
Jong-Sun Lee, Sungeun You, Yun-Kyeung Choi, Hyae-Young Youn, Hye Sook Shin
The present study aimed to examine the training effects of a didactic and simulation-based psychological first aid (PFA) program. Based on the competency-based model, the study sought to examine whether the PFA training would enhance knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Study 1 examined the training effects of the PFA program in a sample of undergraduate and graduate students in psychology. Study 2 was conducted with school counselors. In both studies, all participants completed a one-day PFA workshop with a 3-hour didactic lecture and a 3-hour simulation-based practice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713802/developing-a-mentorship-program-in-laos
#10
Helen Nita Catton
Skills strengthening and capacity building for maternal and newborn health (MNH) providers are essential to ensure quality care for mothers and newborns. There is, however, limited research regarding what constitutes an effective model in low-income countries. The Lao People's Democratic Republic (Laos) has some of the region's worst outcomes for neonatal and maternal mortality. Moreover, with a 23-year hiatus in midwifery training, which ended approximately 7 years ago, there is a cadre of new and inexperienced midwives in practice without support systems, skills, or continuing professional development opportunities...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713525/orthopedic-in-training-examination-question-metrics-and-resident-test-performance
#11
John Mason DePasse, Jack Haglin, Adam E M Eltorai, Mary K Mulcahey, Craig P Eberson, Alan H Daniels
First administered in November 1963, the orthopedic in-training examination (OITE) is now distributed to more than 4000 residents in over 20 countries and has become important for evaluation of resident fund of knowledge. Several studies have assessed the effect of didactic programs on resident performance, but only recently has it become possible to assess detailed testtaking metrics such as time spent per question. Here, we report the first assessment of resident OITE performance utilizing this full electronic dataset from two large academic institutions...
June 23, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704285/cricothyroidotomy-in-situ-simulation-curriculum-cric-study-training-residents-for-rare-procedures
#12
Andrew Petrosoniak, Agnes Ryzynski, Gerald Lebovic, Karen Woolfrey
INTRODUCTION: Technical skill acquisition for rare procedures can be challenging given the few real-life training opportunities. In situ simulation (ISS), a training technique that takes place in the actual workplace, is a promising method to promote environmental fidelity for rare procedures. This study evaluated a simulation-based technical skill curriculum for cricothyroidotomy using deliberate practice, followed by an ISS evaluation session. METHODS: Twenty emergency medicine residents participated in a two-part curriculum to improve cricothryoidotomy performance...
April 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704203/nurturing-virtues-of-the-medical-profession-does-it-enhance-medical-students-empathy
#13
Marcelo Schweller, Diego Lima Ribeiro, Eloisa Valer Celeri, Marco Antonio de Carvalho-Filho
Objectives: To examine if the empathy levels of first-year medical students are amenable to didactic interventions idealized to promote values inherent to medical professional identity. Methods: This is a pretest-posttest study designed to assess the empathy levels of first-year medical students (n=166) comprising two consecutive classes of a Brazilian medical school, performed before and after a didactic intervention. Students attended a course based on values and virtues related to medical professional identity once a week over four months...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702217/erratum-to-culturally-adaptive-storytelling-intervention-versus-didactic-intervention-to-improve-hypertension-control-in-vietnam-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#14
Hoa L Nguyen, Jeroan J Allison, Duc A Ha, Germán Chiriboga, Ha N Ly, Hanh T Tran, Cuong K Nguyen, Diem M Dang, Ngoc T Phan, Nguyen C Vu, Quang P Nguyen, Robert J Goldberg
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40814-017-0136-9.].
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699936/clinician-attitudes-regarding-icd-deactivation-in-dnr-dni-patients
#15
Andrew Bradley, Adam Marks
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) offer lifesaving therapies but can become burdensome at the end of life. Many ICD patients choose to implement a do-not-resuscitate/do-not-intubate (DNR/DNI) order. When hospitalized, patients are seen by a range of clinicians whose beliefs about ICD management in DNR/DNI patients may vary. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinician opinions on managing ICDs in DNR/DNI patients and stratify it by specialty and training level...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691973/a-swift-method-for-handing-off-obstetrical-patients-on-the-labor-floor
#16
Jean-Ju Sheen, Laura Reimers, Shravya Govindappagari, Ivan M Ngai, Diana Garretto, Roopali Donepudi, Pamela Tropper, Dena Goffman, Ashlesha K Dayal, Peter S Bernstein
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to improve patient handoffs on the labor floor. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of obstetrics residents at Montefiore Medical Center was performed between 2012 and 2014. Labor-floor handoffs were recorded before and after didactic sessions as well as after installation of whiteboards formatted with the mnemonic SWIFT (Subject, Why?, Issues, Fetus, Tasks). Handoff transcripts were evaluated by obstetricians blinded to timing and speaker identity...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691559/ethics-and-science-in-the-participatory-era-a-vignette-based-delphi-study
#17
Elizabeth Bromley, Lisa Mikesell, Dmitry Khodyakov
Participatory researchers rely on relationship-based ethical considerations to address ethical challenges, but little is known about how these considerations shape day-to-day decision-making. We presented vignettes describing ethical dilemmas to health researchers with varying degrees of experience in participatory research in an online modified-Delphi panel. Panelists rated potential solutions to dilemmas and provided rationales for choosing solutions in text boxes and discussion boards. Panelists agreed on a preferred solution for three of five vignettes...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688664/a-novel-flight-surgeon-training-model-at-a-joint-military-and-civilian-surgical-residency-program
#18
Erik S DeSoucy, Scott A Zakaluzny, Joseph M Galante
BACKGROUND: Graduating military preliminary interns are often required to fill flight surgeon billets. General surgery preliminary interns get experience evaluating surgical and trauma patients, but receive very little training in primary care and flight medicine. At a joint military and civilian training program, we developed a supplemental curriculum to help transition our interns into flight medicine. METHODS: From 2013 to 2016, we developed a lecture series focused on aerospace medicine, primary care, and specialty topics including dermatology, ophthalmology, orthopedics, pediatrics, psychiatry, and women's health...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687291/student-radiographers-attitudes-towards-the-older-patient-a-longitudinal-study
#19
L Booth, S Kada, M Satinovic, P Phillips, P K Miller
INTRODUCTION: To design, implement and evaluate the effect of an educational intervention on student radiographer attitudes across their educational tenure. METHODS: In the first phase, an educational intervention that involved didactic lectures, reflective exercises and simulation suits, aimed at improving student radiographer attitudes towards the older person, was designed and implemented. Kogan's attitudes towards older people (KoP) scale was administrated at five test points; pre-intervention; post-intervention; 6 months post intervention; 12 months post intervention and 24 months post intervention...
August 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685349/opinions-regarding-benzodiazepine-teaching-and-prescribing-among-trainees-in-psychiatry
#20
Amir Garakani, Hussain M Abdullah, Christine M Chang, Nathaniel Mendelsohn, Kyle A B Lapidus
OBJECTIVES: Benzodiazepines are widely prescribed for a variety of symptoms and illnesses. There has been limited investigation on the training psychiatry residents receive regarding benzodiazepine prescribing. This study surveyed US psychiatric trainees about their didactic and clinical experience with benzodiazepines, investigating how experience with benzodiazepines may shape trainees' opinions and likelihood to prescribe. METHODS: The 14-question online survey was distributed to residents and fellows at US training programs through an invitation from their training directors...
July 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
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