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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214619/real-time-interrater-reliability-of-a-novel-musculoskeletal-readiness-screening-tool
#1
Mark D Thelen, Shane L Koppenhaver, Shanee E Allen, Michael U Bolduc, Riley K Quan, Anne E Sidwell
Military service members receive regular screenings for a variety of health conditions, but a field-expedient and military-specific screening tool that identifies an individual's risk for injury has not yet been identified. The purpose of this study is to describe the conduct of a novel musculoskeletal readiness screening tool (MRST) and evaluate the real-time interrater reliability of the MRST when scored by raters with differing levels of medical experience. MATERIALS/METHODS: This study included a convenience sample of 40 active duty military participants (30 male, 10 female, mean age 29...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209252/role-of-a-semiotics-based-curriculum-in-empathy-enhancement-a-longitudinal-study-in-three-dominican-medical-schools
#2
Montserrat San-Martín, Roberto Delgado-Bolton, Luis Vivanco
Background: Empathy in the context of patient care is defined as a predominantly cognitive attribute that involves an understanding of the patient's experiences, concerns, and perspectives, combined with a capacity to communicate this understanding and an intention to help. In medical education, it is recognized that empathy can be improved by interventional approaches. In this sense, a semiotic-based curriculum could be an important didactic tool for improving medical empathy. The main purpose of this study was to determine if in medical schools where a semiotic-based curriculum is offered, the empathetic orientation of medical students improves as a consequence of the acquisition and development of students' communication skills that are required in clinician-patient encounters...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206799/simulation-based-educational-module-improves-intern-and-medical-student-performance-of-closed-reduction-and-percutaneous-pinning-of-pediatric-supracondylar-humeral-fractures
#3
Bennet A Butler, Cort D Lawton, Jamie Burgess, Earvin S Balderama, Katherine A Barsness, John F Sarwark
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based education has been integrated into many orthopaedic residency programs to augment traditional teaching models. Here we describe the development and implementation of a combined didactic and simulation-based course for teaching medical students and interns how to properly perform a closed reduction and percutaneous pinning of a pediatric supracondylar humeral fracture. METHODS: Subjects included in the study were either orthopaedic surgery interns or subinterns at our institution...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206726/standardization-of-pediatric-interfacility-transport-handover-measuring-the-development-of-a-shared-mental-model
#4
Anthony A Sochet, Kelsey S Ryan, Jennifer L Bartlett, Thomas A Nakagawa, Ladonna Bingham
OBJECTIVES: To determine if standardization of pediatric interfacility transport handover is associated with the development of a prototypical shared mental model between healthcare providers. DESIGN: A single center, prepost, retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: A 259-bed, tertiary care, pediatric referral center. PATIENTS: Children 0 to 18 years old transferred to our critical care units or emergency center from October 2016 to February 2017...
December 4, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204755/teaching-empathy-the-implementation-of-a-video-game-into-a-psychiatry-clerkship-curriculum
#5
Andrew Chen, Jessie J Hanna, Adithya Manohar, Anthony Tobia
OBJECTIVE: Empathy plays an important role for physicians, but the literature demonstrates that it often deteriorates during medical school. The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of the interactive video game "That Dragon, Cancer" as a tool to teach empathy to third-year medical students. METHODS: The authors gave a modified, Jefferson Scales of Physician Empathy (JSPE) to 84 third-year medical students in their psychiatry clerkship before and after they played and completed "That Dragon, Cancer" during the 2016-2017 academic calendar year...
December 4, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203749/didactic-aspects-of-cognition-of-human-as-a-bio-psycho-socio-cultural-personality
#6
Borys I Palamar, Halyna O Vaskivska, Svitlana P Palamar
Modern education, according to leading Ukrainian scientists, requires the development of a new paradigm, which will consider the phenomenon of man holistically. The article describes didactic aspects of cognition of human as a bio-psycho-socio-cultural personality, as social fact, as a phenomenon. For the actualization of the didactic aspects of the problem, the authors used the methods of scientific literature analysis, systemic analysis and generalizations, analysis own practice of didactic and methodological character...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202163/amount-of-genetics-education-is-low-among-didactic-programs-in-dietetics
#7
Kaitlan Beretich, Janet Pope, Dawn Erickson, Angela Kennedy
Nutritional genomics is a growing area of research. Research has shown registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) have limited knowledge of genetics. Limited research is available regarding how didactic programs in dietetics (DPDs) meet the genetics knowledge requirement of the Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics (ACEND®). The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the study of nutritional genomics is incorporated into undergraduate DPDs in response to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics position statement on nutritional genomics...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202160/benefits-and-challenges-of-supervising-physical-therapy-students-in-the-state-of-kuwait-a-national-study
#8
Sameera H Aljadi, Naser M Alotaibi, Hesham N Alrowayeh, Talal A Alshatti
One common component of allied health education is clinical fieldwork. It is the bridge between the didactic curriculum and clinical practice. Clinical supervisors perceive that being a clinical supervisor has both benefits and challenges. A modified questionnaire was distributed to 75 physical therapists who had previously or were currently engaged in supervising physical therapy students in 12 public hospitals in the State of Kuwait. In addition to demographic data, the questionnaire asked about the benefits and challenges associated with supervising students...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202100/immediate-assessment-of-performance-of-medical-laboratory-scientists-following-a-10-day-malaria-microscopy-training-programme-in-nigeria
#9
Bolatito Aiyenigba, Abiodun Ojo, Adolor Aisiri, Justus Uzim, Oluwole Adeusi, Halima Mwenesi
Background: Rapid and precise diagnosis of malaria is an essential element in effective case management and control of malaria. Malaria microscopy is used as the gold standard for malaria diagnosis, however results remain poor as positivity rate in Nigeria is consistently over 90%. The United States President's Malaria Initiative (PMI) through the Malaria Action Program for States (MAPS) supported selected states in Nigeria to build capacity for malaria microscopy. This study demonstrates the effectiveness of in-service training on malaria microscopy amongst medical laboratory scientists...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202076/a-globally-networked-hybrid-approach-to-public-health-capacity-training-for-maternal-health-professionals-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#10
Scott McIntosh, José G Pérez-Ramos, Tamala David, Margaret M Demment, Esteban Avendaño, Deborah J Ossip, Timothy De Ver Dye
Background: MundoComm is a current NIH-funded project for sustainable public health capacity building in community engagement and technological advances aimed at improving maternal health issues. Two to four teams are selected annually, each consisting of three healthcare professionals and one technical person from specific low and middle income countries (LMICs) including Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Honduras, and other LMICs. MundoComm is a course with three parts: in-person workshops, online modules, and mentored community engagement development...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200449/pharmacognosy-a-classical-theme-tuned-to-a-contemporary-melody
#11
Yan Zhang, Lisa B Phipps, Jennifer McDaniel
Objective. To describe the development of a pharmacognosy course that uses a combination of didactic teaching, team-based projects, and practicum laboratory practice. Methods. A course titled "Pharmacognosy" was developed by applying a three-tier teaching methodology: in the classroom, the basic concepts and principles were introduced in a didactic manner; outside the classroom, students worked in teams and each team created an independent literature-based research project that was submitted as a poster presentation; in the pharmacy practicum laboratory, students worked individually and conducted a quality control experiment comprised of a quantitative analysis of an herbal product...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198730/designing-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-a-community-based-narrative-intervention-for-improving-colorectal-cancer-screening-for-african-americans
#12
Erin M Ellis, Deborah O Erwin, Lina Jandorf, Frances Saad-Harfouche, Pathu Sriphanlop, Nikia Clark, Cassandre Dauphin, Detric Johnson, Lynne B Klasko-Foster, Clarissa Martinez, Jamilia Sly, Drusilla White, Gary Winkel, Marc T Kiviniemi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodology of a 2-arm randomized controlled trial that compared the effects of a narrative and didactic version of the Witness CARES (Community Awareness, Reach, & Empowerment for Screening) intervention on colorectal cancer screening behavior among African Americans, as well as the cognitive and affective determinants of screening. METHODS: Witness CARES targeted cognitive and affective predictors of screening using a culturally competent, community-based, narrative or didactic communication approach...
November 30, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198373/the-development-and-implementation-of-a-layperson-trauma-first-responder-course-in-la-paz-bolivia-a-pilot-study
#13
Marissa A Boeck, Tyler E Callese, Sarah K Nelson, Steven J Schuetz, Christian Fuentes Bazan, Juan Mauricio P Saavedra Laguna, Michael B Shapiro, Nabil M Issa, Mamta Swaroop
BACKGROUND: Ninety percent of nearly five million annual global injury deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where prehospital care systems are frequently rudimentary or nonexistent. The World Health Organization considers layperson first-responders as essential for emergency medical services in low-resource settings lacking more formalized systems. This study sought to develop and implement a layperson trauma first responder course (TFRC) in Bolivia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In March and April 2013 nine sessions of the eight-hour TFRC were held in La Paz, Bolivia...
November 22, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193379/online-education-improves-pediatric-residents-understanding-of-atopic-dermatitis
#14
Megan F Craddock, Heather M Blondin, Molly J Youssef, Megha M Tollefson, Lauren F Hill, Janice L Hanson, Anna L Bruckner
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pediatricians manage skin conditions such as atopic dermatitis (AD) but report that their dermatologic training is inadequate. Online modules may enhance medical education when sufficient didactic or clinical teaching experiences are lacking. We assessed whether an online module about AD improved pediatric residents' knowledge and changed their clinical management of AD. METHODS: Target and control cohorts of pediatric residents from two institutions were recruited...
November 29, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190590/the-impact-of-simulation-based-education-on-nursing-confidence-knowledge-and-patient-outcomes-on-general-medicine-units
#15
Sarah Crowe, Lisa Ewart, Sarah Derman
The ability to quickly and reliably detect a clinically deteriorating patient and intervene appropriately is a skill nurses are expected to bring into practice. Simulation education has been shown to improve nurses' knowledge, confidence and communication, especially when focused on deteriorating patients. In a simulation center at a large tertiary level Canadian teaching hospital, a 4 h simulation based education session was developed for general medicine nursing staff. The education included a didactic lecture followed by four 40 min simulation scenarios focused on deteriorating patient...
November 26, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190406/development-of-a-multifaceted-health-disparities-curriculum-for-medical-residents
#16
Ashley H Noriea, Nicole Redmond, Rebekah A Weil, William A Curry, Monica E Peek, Lisa L Willett
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Health disparities education is required during residency training. However, residency program directors cite numerous barriers to implementing disparities curricula, and few publications describing successful disparities curricula exist in the literature. In this report, we describe the development, implementation, and early evaluation of a longitudinal health disparities curriculum for resident physicians. We provide resource references, process, and didactic toolkits to facilitate use by other residency programs...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190403/family-medicine-didactics-revisited
#17
Dennis J Butler, Joseph Brocato, Mark Yeazel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: All family medicine programs are required to provide specialty-specific didactic conferences for residents. Since a baseline study of family medicine didactic formats was published in 2000, training requirements have changed, core content has evolved, and new teaching strategies have been recommended. The present study examines the characteristics of current family medicine didactics, compares current and past conference format data, and identifies factors affecting content selection...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187417/use-of-humour-in-medical-education-a-survey-of-students-and-teachers-at-a-medical-school-in-china
#18
Yan-Ping Liu, Lei Sun, Xiao-Fen Wu, Yi Yang, Cun-Tai Zhang, Hong-Lian Zhou, Xiao-Qing Quan
OBJECTIVE: Humour is a powerful resource in medical education. The purpose of this study is to investigate what students and teachers think about the use of humour. What challenges do teachers face in using humour and how they address them are also the subject of the present study. DESIGN: Separate cross-sectional questionnaire surveys. SETTING: Tongji Medical College and Tongji Hospital in China. PARTICIPANTS: 327 students at Tongji Medical College and 165 physician teachers at Tongji Hospital in China...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187123/a-qualitative-investigation-of-the-nature-of-informal-supervision-among-therapists-in-training
#19
Sidney Coren, Barry A Farber
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how, when, why, and with whom therapists in training utilize "informal supervision"-that is, engage individuals who are not their formally assigned supervisors in significant conversations about their clinical work. METHOD: Participants were 16 doctoral trainees in clinical and counseling psychology programs. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and analyzed using the Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) method. RESULTS: Seven domains emerged from the analysis, indicating that, in general, participants believe that informal and formal supervision offer many of the same benefits, including validation, support, and reassurance; freedom and safety to discuss doubts, anxieties, strong personal reactions to patients, clinical mistakes and challenges; and alternative approaches to clinical interventions...
November 29, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186742/-french-comment-on-article-didactic-training-vs-computer-based-self-learning-in-the-prediction-of-diminutive-colon-polyp-histology-by-trainees-a-randomized-controlled-study
#20
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