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Learning skills

Siobhan O'Connor, Sarah Jolliffe, Emma Stanmore, Laoise Renwick, Richard Booth
AIM: To synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of social media in nursing and midwifery education. BACKGROUND: Social media are being explored to see if these online tools can support teaching, learning and assessment. DESIGN: A mixed study systematic review. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus and ERIC was run in January 2016. An updated search was run in June 2017. No date limits were applied...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Francesco Mannella, Vieri G Santucci, Eszter Somogyi, Lisa Jacquey, Kevin J O'Regan, Gianluca Baldassarre
The first "object" that newborn children play with is their own body. This activity allows them to autonomously form a sensorimotor map of their own body and a repertoire of actions supporting future cognitive and motor development. Here we propose the theoretical hypothesis, operationalized as a computational model, that this acquisition of body knowledge is not guided by random motor-babbling, but rather by autonomously generated goals formed on the basis of intrinsic motivations. Motor exploration leads the agent to discover and form representations of the possible sensory events it can cause with its own actions...
2018: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
KeunBaDa Son, Wan-Sun Lee, Kyu-Bok Lee
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Dental clinical procedures are being replaced by digital workflows. Therefore, the time necessary to learn dental computer-aided design (CAD) software to achieve a change in the digital workflow should be evaluated. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to predict the learning curve according to the type of dental CAD software with the Wright model and to determine the rate of improvement in the learner's working time with iterative learning...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Alexandra Monkhouse, Leanne Sadler, Andrew Boyd, Fleur Kitsell
BACKGROUND: The importance of leadership development in the early stages of careers in the NHS has been highlighted in recent years and many programmes have been implemented which seek to develop leadership skills in healthcare professionals. The Improving Global Health (IGH) Fellowship scheme is one such programme, it provides a unique leadership development opportunity through an overseas placement with a focus on quality improvement work. This evaluation examines the impact of completing an IGH Fellowship on the career and leadership development of participants, who are referred to as Fellows...
July 17, 2018: Globalization and Health
Miguel Galeote, Elena Checa, Eugenia Sebastián, Mª Auxiliadora Robles-Bello
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to analyze the acquisition of different classes of words in Spanish-speaking children with Down syndrome (DS), with special emphasis on nouns and verbs. A second objective was to compare the results obtained with those reported by Checa et al. (2016), who used a different measure to study vocabulary composition. METHOD: We studied 108 children with DS and 108 children with typical development (TD), with mental ages between 9 and 29 months (DS M = 21;26 months;days, TD M = 20;23) and chronological ages between 8;24 and 68;19 months;days (mean = 41;11 and 20;19 for DS and TD, respectively)...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Yvonne K Parry, Pauline Hill, Susan Horsfall
BACKGROUND: Community services work with vulnerable families to assist them to link with health, education and welfare services. Community placements provide nursing students with understandings of the health impacts of social circumstances on broad population's. Nurses provide health care for vulnerable populations so it is important for students to gain experience in dealing with various population groups in a variety of settings. Community placements can increase student confidence to provide care for all people in the acute care setting...
June 30, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
Rebecca J Sherwood, Gary Francis
BACKGROUND: Simulation has demonstrated superiority over purely didactic instruction in multiple contexts, and educationalists have embraced this modality for enhancing access to clinical skills. However, there remains uncertainty if increasing the realism (fidelity) of simulation equipment heightens performance. To address this within nursing and allied health, this review examines if increasing equipment fidelity improves learning outcomes. METHODS: A systematic search of; CINAHL, Academic Search Complete, AMED; British Education Index, ERIC, MEDLINE, PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO, Maternity and Infant Care, INTERMID, Google Scholar, American Doctoral Dissertations, EThOS, ClinicalTrials...
June 30, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Aurélie L Manuel, Nicolas Nicastro, Armin Schnider, Adrian G Guggisberg
Procedural memory refers to skills acquired through practice and depends on cortico-striatal and cortico-cerebellar circuits. These circuits are typically affected in Parkinson's disease (PD), leading to impaired skill learning, including defective offline consolidation, early in the course of the disease. Evidence points to a role of slow oscillations (<4 Hz) during sleep for offline consolidation. However recent studies showed consolidation over the course of the day, suggesting that consolidation may arise during wakefulness, too...
June 21, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Virginie Fouilloux, Célia Gran, Christophe Guervilly, Jean Breaud, Fedoua El Louali, Pierre Rostini
INTRODUCTION: Medical and para-medical education is one of the key points of healthcare strategy. Training and education based on high-fidelity simulation is one of the gold standards in modern healthcare institutions. We describe a model of training dedicated to ICU nurses in charge of patients with ECMO. The aim of our educational tool was to teach ICU nurses ECMO basic knowledge and skills. METHODS: An ECMO Specialist Course Committee implemented the training programme...
July 1, 2018: Perfusion
E Matthew Ritter, Matthew Lineberry, Daniel A Hashimoto, Denise Gee, Angela A Guzzetta, Daniel J Scott, Aimee K Gardner
BACKGROUND: Analysis of the Fundamentals of Endoscopic Surgery (FES) performance exam showed higher scores for men than women. Gender differences have been reduced with task-specific practice. We assessed the effect of simulation-based mastery learning (SBML) on FES performance exam differences by gender. METHODS: Forty-seven surgical trainees [29 men (m), 18 women (w)] completed a SBML curriculum and were assessed by FES. Fourteen trained on the GI Mentor 2, 18 on the Endoscopy Training System, and 15 using the Surgical Training for Endoscopic Proficiency curriculum...
July 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Richard M Conran, Suzanne Zein-Eldin Powell, Ronald E Domen, Cindy B McCloskey, Mark D Brissette, David A Cohen, Lisa Ross Dixon, Melissa Robin George, Dita A Gratzinger, Miriam D Post, Cory A Roberts, Amyn M Rojiani, Charles Franklin Timmons, Kristen Johnson, Robert D Hoffman
Professionalism and physician well-being are important topics in academic medicine. Lapses in professional judgment may lead to disciplinary action and put patient's health at risk. Within medical education, students and trainees are exposed to professionalism in the institution's formal curriculum and hidden curriculum. Development of professionalism starts early in medical school. Trainees entering graduate medical education already have developed professional behavior. As a learned behavior, development of professional behavior is modifiable...
January 2018: Academic Pathology
Jesse Ramey, Manish Prajwal Mane Manohar, Aminah Shah, Abdiwali Keynan, Shivaprakash Bayapalli, Tarig Fadlallah Altahir Ahmed, Sateesh Babu Arja, Sireesha Bala A, Yogesh Acharya
Introduction: The standardized Patient Program (SPP) is a standard educational training method which provides the pre-clinical students a better clinical foundation by linking the realm of clinical medicine to basic sciences. It incorporates a modern simulation technique and enhances the ability of the students wherein they can practice, apply and learn the basics of patient encounter. The main objective of this study was to analyze the implementation and efficiency of the SPP in Avalon University School of Medicine (AUSOM)...
July 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
Arezou Farajpour, Mitra Amini, Elham Pishbin, Zahra Mostafavian, Somayeh Akbari Farmad
Introduction: Nowadays according to competency based curriculum, selecting an appropriate assessment method is inevitable. This study aimed to investigate application of Direct Observation of Procedural Skills (DOPS) in undergraduate medical students. Methods: This is a cross sectional study conducted during emergency ward rotation in last year medical students using consensus sampling method. Each student performed 2 procedures at least twice under the observation of 2 assessors using modified DOPS rating scales designed for each procedure simultaneously...
July 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
Mohamed H Ahmed
Introduction: The portfolio can be seen as a tool for assessment of a variety of learning activities that differ in content, usage, and assessment. The portfolio not only meets the learner's educational needs but also the political and public reassurance demand that the health professional has achieved the required competency of the curriculum that allows him or her to practice safely with or without supervision in the health organization. Methods: An in-depth search on Google Scholar, Medline and PubMed was conducted using the terms "reflection and portfolio" with especial emphasis on undergraduates...
July 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
Toshiharu Mitsuhashi
Background: The Internet is widely used as a source of information by people searching for medical or healthcare information. However, information found on the Internet has several drawbacks, and the ability to consume accurate health information on the Internet (eHealth literacy) is increasingly important. This study's goal was to clarify the extent to which eHealth literacy is improved after e-learning in a randomized controlled trial. Methods: Data were collected on 301 Japanese adults through an online survey...
2018: PeerJ
Lori A Weichenthal, Rawnie Ruegner, Stacy Sawtelle, Danielle Campagne, Crystal Ives, James Comes
Introduction: One important skill that an emergency medicine trainee must learn is the resuscitation of the critically ill patient. There is research describing clinical teaching strategies used in the emergency department (ED), but less is known about specific methods employed during actual medical resuscitations. Our objective was to identify and describe the teaching methods used during medical resuscitations. Methods: This was a prospective study involving review of 22 videotaped, medical resuscitations...
July 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Anne-Grethe Halding, Evy Irene Aarsheim, Nina Marie Dolmen, Aud Jenny Jensen, Sissel Stavøstrand, Ellen Karine Grov
Purpose: To explore how persons living with COPD experience transitions related to health, self-management, and follow-up from the healthcare services. Patients and methods: This study is part of a participatory research project. Six males and five females living with COPD, with a COPD assessment test score of 21-29, participated; all the participants were living at home. Data were collected in qualitative research interviews and analyzed using qualitative content analysis highlighting the participants' experiences...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Juan C López-Ramos, Zbynek Houdek, Jan Cendelín, Frantisek Vožeh, José M Delgado-García
Classical eyeblink conditioning is an experimental model widely used for the study of the neuronal mechanisms underlying the acquisition of new motor and cognitive skills. There are two principal interpretations of the role of the cerebellum in the learning of eyelid conditioned responses (CRs). One considers that the cerebellum is the place where this learning is acquired and stored, while the second suggests that the cerebellum is mostly involved in the proper performance of acquired CRs, implying that there must be other brain areas involved in the learning process...
July 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Femke van Abswoude, John van der Kamp, Bert Steenbergen
Effective learning methods are essential for motor skill development and participation in children with low motor abilities. Current learning methods predominantly aim to increase declarative knowledge through explicit instructions that necessitate sufficient working memory capacity. This study investigated the roles of declarative knowledge and working memory capacity in explicit motor learning of children with low motor abilities. We studied both acquisition performance (i.e., performance during practice) and learning (i...
July 16, 2018: Motor Control
Weijie Xing, Linjun Ao, Huiting Xiao, Li Cheng, Yan Liang, Junqiao Wang
Health professionals need continuing education to maintain their qualifications and competency. Online learning increases the accessibility and flexibility of continuing education. Assessment of nurses' attitudes toward, and needs for, online learning can provide suggestions regarding learning program design and delivery. This study aimed to evaluate Chinese nurses' attitudes toward, and needs for, online learning, and to explore the differences in attitudes and needs between nurses working in rural and urban hospitals...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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