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Learning skills

Dipak Kotecha, Jeroen J Bax, Céline Carrera, Barbara Casadei, Bela Merkely, Stefan D Anker, Panos E Vardas, Peter P Kearney, Marco Roffi, Michelle Ros, Alec Vahanian, Franz Weidinger, Ronen Beeri, Andrzej Budaj, Paolo Calabrò, Katarzyna Czerwinska-Jelonkiewicz, Flavio D'Ascenzi, Tom De Potter, Kevin F Fox, Juha Hartikainen, Brendan McAdam, Davor Milicic, Agnès A Pasquet, Alessandro Sionis, S M Afzal Sohaib, Costas Tsioufis, Patrick M J Verhorst, Paulus Kirchhof
Aims: The provision of high-quality education allows the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) to achieve its mission of better cardiovascular practice and provides an essential component of translating new evidence to improve outcomes. Methods and results: The 4th ESC Education Conference, held in Sophia Antipolis (December 2016), brought together ESC education leaders, National Directors of Training of 43 ESC countries, and representatives of the ESC Young Community...
January 31, 2018: European Heart Journal
Ramin Asgary
Longitudinal and collaborative global health research curricula to train a well-versed global health corps through skills building in assessment and evaluation are lacking. A without-walls research curriculum was offered to medical and public health students between 2007 and 2015. Mentored cross-disciplinary research projects were developed and implemented in partnership with communities. A multilevel mixed methods design, including semi-structured interviews, post-curriculum surveys, presentations, publications, postgraduation metrics, and feedback from project sites, evaluated educational outcomes...
September 17, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Oleg Špakov, Howell Istance, Aulikki Hyrskykari, Harri Siirtola, Kari-Jouko Räihä
The recent growth in low-cost eye-tracking systems makes it feasible to incorporate real-time measurement and analysis of eye position data into activities such as learning to read. It also enables field studies of reading behavior in the classroom and other learning environments. We present a study of the data quality provided by two remote eye trackers, one being a low-sampling-rate, low-cost system. Then we present two algorithms for mapping fixations derived from the data to the words being read. One is for immediate (or real-time) mapping of fixations to words and the other for deferred (or post hoc) mapping...
September 17, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
Aki Satoh, Yuki Nagamatsu, Tomohiro Matsumura
Enabling students to acquire practical skills that can be utilized after graduation has become an agenda for basic nursing education since the start of Japan's "super-aging society" and the sophistication of modern medical treatment. Nursing schools are attempting to introduce the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) in an attempt to integrate this important agenda. OSCE has been implemented at our school of nursing since 2014 in the first semester for third year students as a part of the integrated course for clinical training...
2018: Journal of UOEH
Dara O'Donoghue, Gail Davison, Laura-Jo Hanna, Ben McNaughten, Michael Stevenson, Andrew Thompson
BACKGROUND: The relationship between confidence and competence in clinical skills development is complex but important. This study aims to determine undergraduate paediatric student confidence in performing three common paediatric clinical skills framed as Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) scenarios and to compare this with subsequent assessed performance. The study also aims to explore possible barriers to successful paediatric skills completion. METHODS: A mixed-methods study was conducted on medical students...
September 17, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Kylie Fitzgerald, Brett Vaughan
PURPOSE: Peer assessment may offer a framework for expected skill development and feedback appropriate to the learner level. Near-peer (NP) assessment may elevate expectations and motivate student learning. Feedback from peers and NPs may offer a sustainable approach to enhancing student assessment feedback. The aim was to analyze the relationship and attitudes of self, peer, NP and faculty marking of an assessment. METHODS: A cross sectional study design was used...
2018: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Vjekoslav Cigrovski, Ivan Radman, Erkut Konter, Mateja Očić, Lana Ružić
(1) Background: Individuals' psychological traits can influence not just success in sport but also the ability to learn new motor skills. We investigated whether sport courage, worry and fear differ between alpine ski-naive and basic level skiers and how they affect ski learning. (2): A total of 337 students (249 ski-naive and 88 basic level) participated in research consisting of a four-part questionnaire and structured skiing program. (3) Results: For beginners, lower fear ( r = -0.30, p < 0.01) and higher Self-efficiency ( r = 0...
September 14, 2018: Sports
Zhi Yang, Ying Zhou, Joanne W Y Chung, Qiubi Tang, Lian Jiang, Thomas K S Wong
BACKGROUND: The demand for more creative and innovative nurses and together with the rapid expansion of nurse education in Mainland China have called for new approaches to student learning. Challenge Based Learning, an active student-directed approach was incorporated into an elective course in an undergraduate nursing programme. Initially, the students were given some big ideas about the real world. They worked together in small groups to identify the most challenging problems from these ideas, develop some innovative solutions, formulate an action plan for a selected solution, carry out the actions and evaluate the outcome...
September 13, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Ning O Zhao, John F Kragh, James K Aden, Bryan S Jordan, Donald L Parsons, Michael A Dubick
BACKGROUND: Readiness to perform lifesaving interventions during emergencies is based on a person's preparation to proficiently execute the skills required. Graphically plotting the performance of a tourniquet user in simulation has previously aided us in developing our understanding of how the user actually behaves. The purpose of this study was to explore performance assessment and learning curves to better understand how to develop best teaching practices. METHODS: These were retrospective analyses of a convenience sample of data from a prior manikin study of 200 tourniquet uses among 10 users...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Benjamin De Witte, Franck Di Rienzo, Xavier Martin, Ye Haixia, Christian Collet, Nady Hoyek
Mini-invasive surgery-for example, laparoscopy-has challenged surgeons' skills by extending their usual haptic space and displaying indirect visual feedback through a screen. This may require new mental abilities, including spatial orientation and mental representation. This study aimed to test the effect of cognitive training based on motor imagery (MI) and action observation (AO) on surgical skills. A total of 28 postgraduate residents in surgery took part in our study and were randomly distributed into 1 of the 3 following groups: (1) the basic surgical skill, which is a short 2-day laparoscopic course + MI + AO group; (2) the basic surgical skill group; and (3) the control group...
September 15, 2018: Surgical Innovation
Karen Arblaster, Lynette Mackenzie, Lynda Matthews, Karen Willis, Katherine Gill, Paula Hanlon, Rachael Laidler
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mental health reform in Australia emphasises recovery, partnership working and prioritises consumers' needs over professionals'. Occupational therapy students must develop capabilities for working in this way. Learning from consumers' lived experience of mental illness and recovery is considered critical to developing such capabilities and aligns with occupational therapy programme accreditation for consumer involvement in designing, delivering and evaluating curricula...
September 17, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Monica Sørensen, Una Stenberg, Lisa Garnweidner-Holme
Introduction: Multi-professional collaboration (MPC) is essential for the delivery of effective and comprehensive care services. As in other European countries, primary care in Norway is challenged by altered patient values and the increased expectations of health administrations to participate in team-based care. This scoping review reports on the organisational, processual, relational and contextual facilitators of collaboration between general practitioners (GP) and other healthcare professionals (HCPs) in primary care...
August 30, 2018: International Journal of Integrated Care
Janet M Shaw, Danielle D Johnson, Ingrid E Nygaard
Many undergraduate students in kinesiology are interested in clinical careers and seek research opportunities for advanced study and unique learning experiences. This paper describes a process of engaging undergraduate students in a multi-disciplinary, NIH-funded Program Project investigating factors that may affect pelvic floor support and symptoms in primiparous women during the first year postpartum. Students complete general and protocol-specific training prior to engagement, have specific tasks that reinforce skill development and require independence, and are invited to participate in additional opportunities with the investigative team...
2018: Quest: the History of Spaceflight Magazine
Andrzej Zyluk, Zbigniew Szlosser, Piotr Puchalski, Ireneusz Walaszek
The objective of this study was assessment of quality of the surgical curriculum in Pomeranian Medical University in years 2015-2017. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire-survey has been conducted in a group of 100 of Polish students from the Medical Faculty just before the final test-exam in subject surgery. Main topics of the questionnaire items concerned students' opinion on the expected usefulness of acquired surgical knowledge for future medical practice, acquired manual skills, range of knowledge learned in particular academic years and on understanding the term "skill/competency-oriented teaching" surgery...
May 22, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Arunaz Kumar, Euan M Wallace, Cathy Smith, Debra Nestel
PROBLEM: Interprofessional training programs for obstetric emergencies have been introduced for up-skilling birth unit staff in hospitals but not frequently used in training midwives and paramedicine staff for home birth emergency. BACKGROUND: Practical Obstetric Multiprofessional Training (PROMPT) has previously been described in the home birth setting using in-situ simulation training of home births for midwifery and paramedicine staff. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of the home birth simulation in clinical practice and to explore how the simulation program prepared the midwives for a birth-related emergency in a publicly funded home birth program...
September 13, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Tracy K S Chan, Simpson W L Wong, Anita M-Y Wong, Vina Wing-Hei Leung
Past studies have shown that multimodal presentation of story can improve story-retelling performance in the first language. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether similar multimedia effects can be observed in second language learning and graphic novel reading. A total of 51 Chinese elementary school children, aged 7-8, who were learning English as a second language were recruited. They were randomly assigned to one of the three experimental conditions that differed in the format of story presentation: English text, English text with pictorial illustrations or graphic novel...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
E R Landau, J Trinder, J G Simmons, M Raniti, M Blake, J M Waloszek, L Blake, O Schwartz, G Murray, N B Allen, M L Byrne
Inflammatory markers including C-Reactive Protein (CRP) are increasingly used within research and clinical settings. Yet, varying methodologies for cleaning immunoassay data with out of range (OOR) samples may alter characteristic levels of CRP, thereby obscuring interpretation and reliability. This study investigated the influence of eight immunoassay OOR data treatment techniques on salivary CRP (sCRP) samples from at-risk adolescents. Participants from the 'Sleep and Education: learning New Skills Early' (SENSE) Study were 86 adolescents at-risk for depression (50 female), aged 14...
September 8, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Hyuk Oh, Allen R Braun, James A Reggia, Rodolphe J Gentili
Although the human mirror neuron system (MNS) is critical for action observation and imitation, most MNS investigations overlook the visuospatial transformation processes that allow individuals to interpret and imitate actions observed from differing perspectives. This problem is not trivial since accurately reaching for and grasping an object requires a visuospatial transformation mechanism capable of precisely remapping fine motor skills where the observer's and imitator's arms and hands may have quite different orientations and sizes...
September 12, 2018: Human Movement Science
Maryland Pao, Margaret Rose Mahoney
This article describes the preparation, rationale, and benefits of talking with adolescents who have life-threatening or life-limiting illness about advance care planning (ACP) and end-of-life concerns in a developmentally sensitive manner. The first step is to ensure that a health care provider is ready to work with adolescents in ACP discussions by taking a self-inventory, learning communication skills, and understanding individual barriers. The authors then outline how to assess patient and family readiness, including developmental, cultural, personal, and psychosocial considerations...
October 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Limor Raviv, Inbal Arnon
Recent work suggests that cultural transmission can lead to the emergence of linguistic structure as speakers' weak individual biases become amplified through iterated learning. However, to date no published study has demonstrated a similar emergence of linguistic structure in children. The lack of evidence from child learners constitutes a problematic gap in the literature: if such learning biases impact the emergence of linguistic structure, they should also be found in children, who are the primary learners in real-life language transmission...
September 12, 2018: Cognition
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