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E Nelson Kankaka, G Kigozi, D Kayiwa, N Kighoma, F Makumbi, T Murungi, D Nabukalu, R Nampijja, S Watya, D Namuguzi, F Nalugoda, G Nakigozi, D Sserwadda, M Wawer, R H Gray
Early infant circumcision (EIC) is the most common neonatal surgical procedure in males.(1) It has also been incorporated as a component in combination HIV prevention in 14 of Sub-Saharan African countries with high HIV prevalence and low circumcision coverage.(2,3) EIC has advantages over adult circumcision due to lower adverse events, no risk of early resumption of sex and potentially lower cost(4-6) . Sub-Saharan African countries have low physician coverage, but comparatively higher coverage of non-physicians who could facilitate roll out of circumcision for HIV prevention...
October 18, 2016: BJU International
Sarkis Kiramijyan, Romain Didier, Edward Koifman, Smita I Negi
BACKGROUND: It has become challenging for cardiovascular fellows-in-training (FIT) to determine which national cardiovascular conference (NCC) to attend given the broad range of meetings and the breadth of information offered. The aim of this study was to report our own experiences of the utility and individual strengths of the NCCs and to further understand the interventional cardiology (IC) FITs' viewpoint regarding the benefits of the individual NCCs. METHODS: A survey was formulated with questions and scenarios regarding topics deemed to be of highest importance for an IC-FIT...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Nathan S S Atkinson, Robert V Bryant, Yi Dong, Christian Maaser, Torsten Kucharzik, Giovanni Maconi, Anil K Asthana, Michael Blaivas, Adrian Goudie, Odd Helge Gilja, Christian Nolsøe, Dieter Nürnberg, Christoph F Dietrich
Gastrointestinal ultrasound (GIUS) is an ultrasound application that has been practiced for more than 30 years. Recently, GIUS has enjoyed a resurgence of interest, and there is now strong evidence of its utility and accuracy as a diagnostic tool for multiple indications. The method of learning GIUS is not standardised and may incorporate mentorship, didactic teaching and e-learning. Simulation, using either low- or high-fidelity models, can also play a key role in practicing and honing novice GIUS skills...
October 11, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
John Torous, Ryan O'Connor, Jamie Franzen, Caitlin Snow, Robert Boland, Robert Kitts
BACKGROUND: While medical students and residents may be utilizing websites as online learning resources, medical trainees and educators now have the opportunity to create such educational websites and digital tools on their own. However, the process and theory of building educational websites for medical education have not yet been fully explored. OBJECTIVE: To understand the opportunities, barriers, and process of creating a novel medical educational website. METHODS: We created a pilot psychiatric educational website to better understand the options, opportunities, challenges, and processes involved in the creation of a psychiatric educational website...
November 5, 2015: JMIR Med Educ
Niki Baccile, Anne-Sophie Cuvier, Sylvain Prévost, Christian V Stevens, Elisabeth Delbeke, Jan Berton, Wim Soetaert, Inge N A Van Bogaert, Sophie Roelants
A set of four structurally related glycolipids are described: two of them have one glucose unit connected to either stearic or oleic acid, and two other ones have a diglucose headgroup (sophorose) similarly connected to either stearic or oleic acid. The self-assembly properties of these compounds, poorly known, are important to know due to their use in various fields of application from cleaning to cosmetics to medical. At basic pH, they all form mainly small micellar aggregates. At acidic pH, the oleic and stearic derivatives of the monoglucose form, respectively, vesicles and bilayer, while the same derivatives of the sophorose headgroup form micelles and twisted ribbons...
October 12, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Andrea Fagiolini, Giovanni Amodeo, Arianna Goracci, Patrizia Blardi
AIM: This paper examines the use of Trazodone Contramid® in major depressive disorder (MDD), with a focus on practical guidance regarding real world challenges. The paper includes clinical case reports, developed for didactic reasons, which detail the practical management with Trazodone Contramid® of patients with MDD and either insomnia or anxiety or dementia or isolated (ipo)manic symptoms, which often fulfill the criteria for a diagnosis of MDD with with anxious distress or MDD with mixed features, according to the new DSM-5 classification...
July 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
Joyce Ho, Marya E Corden, Lauren Caccamo, Kathryn Noth Tomasino, Jenna Duffecy, Mark Begale, David C Mohr
BACKGROUND: Depression during adolescence is common but can be prevented. Behavioral intervention technologies (BITs) designed to prevent depression in adolescence, especially standalone web-based interventions, have shown mixed outcomes, likely due to poor intervention adherence. BIT research involving adults has shown that the presence of coaches or peers promotes intervention use. Developmentally, adolescence is a time when peer-based social relationships take precedence. This study examines whether peer-networked support may promote adherence to BITs in this age group...
November 2016: Internet Interventions: the Application of Information Technology in Mental and Behavioural Health
Christophe Destrieux, Louis Marie Terrier, Frédéric Andersson, Scott A Love, Jean-Philippe Cottier, Henri Duvernoy, Stéphane Velut, Kevin Janot, Ilyess Zemmoura
The precise sulcogyral localization of cortical lesions is mandatory to improve communication between practitioners and to predict and prevent post-operative deficits. This process, which assumes a good knowledge of the cortex anatomy and a systematic analysis of images, is, nevertheless, sometimes neglected in the neurological and neurosurgical training. This didactic paper proposes a brief overview of the sulcogyral anatomy, using conventional MR-slices, and also reconstructions of the cortical surface after a more or less extended inflation process...
October 5, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
Melvin Khee Shing Leow
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) reflects the cumulative glucose exposure of erythrocytes over a preceding time frame proportional to erythrocyte survival. HbA1c is thus an areal function of the glucose-time curve, an educationally useful concept to aid teaching and clinical judgment. METHODS: An ordinary differential equation is formulated as a parsimonious model of HbA1c. The integrated form yields HbA1c as an area-under-the-curve (AUC) of a glucose-time profile...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Stephanie N Kinney, Jayanna Slayten, Dan A Waxman
BACKGROUND: Within transfusion medicine, the education of molecular technologies lacks standardization. OBJECTIVE: To address this problem, we surveyed specialist in blood bank technology (SBBT) programs, immunohematology reference laboratories, and SBBT graduates to define its current state. METHODS: An anonymous online survey (SurveyMonkey) was emailed to the 15 American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) SBBT programs, 59 AABB IRLs, and 82 SBBT graduates...
November 2016: Laboratory Medicine
Jennifer E L Diaz, Nydia Ekasumara, Nikhil R Menon, Edwin Homan, Prashanth Rajarajan, Andrés Ramírez Zamudio, Annie J Kim, Jason Gruener, Edward Poliandro, David C Thomas, Yasmin S Meah, Rainier P Soriano
BACKGROUND: Trained medical interpreters are instrumental to patient satisfaction and quality of care. They are especially important in student-run clinics, where many patients have limited English proficiency. Because student-run clinics have ties to their medical schools, they have access to bilingual students who may volunteer to interpret, but are not necessarily formally trained. METHODS: To study the feasibility and efficacy of leveraging medical student volunteers to improve interpretation services, we performed a pilot study at the student-run clinic at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai...
September 29, 2016: BMC Medical Education
B O'Leary, A Khalid, M Higgins
Vaginal bleeding is a common event in early pregnancy, with 20-40% of pregnancies affected. Prompt diagnosis and management of bleeding is important, both to reduce morbidity and to avoid excessive emotional distress. This was a prospective study of an educational programme aimed at Obstetrics and Gynaecology BST trainees in the National Maternity Hospital, Dublin. The educational programme consisted of didactic lectures, and simulation and practical sessions. A questionnaire reviewing early pregnancy complications was used to assess participant knowledge...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
Shin Takayama, Seiichi Ishii, Fumie Takahashi, Natsumi Saito, Ryutaro Arita, Soichiro Kaneko, Masashi Watanabe, Tetsuharu Kamiya, Hidekazu Watanabe, Hitoshi Nishikawa, Yuka Ikeno, Junichi Tanaka, Minoru Ohsawa, Akiko Kikuchi, Takehiro Numata, Hitoshi Kuroda, Michiaki Abe, Takashi Takeda, Nobuo Yaegashi, Tadashi Ishii
Traditional Japanese Kampo medicine has been widely used in clinical practice in Japan. Though it is a compulsory subject in Japanese medical schools, a standard educational program in Kampo medicine does not exist. Tohoku University has incorporated Kampo medicine into clinical education via didactic lectures since 2003; however, student evaluations have been lower for Kampo than for all other clinical specialties. We administered a questionnaire about a Kampo medicine course for fifth-year students from 2009 to 2012 and developed an educational program based on feedback obtained...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Candice Wang, Chin-Chou Huang, Shing-Jong Lin, Jaw-Wen Chen
OBJECTIVES: The goal of our study was to shed light on educational methods to strengthen medical students' cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) leadership and team skills in order to optimise CPR understanding and success using didactic videos and high-fidelity simulations. DESIGN: An observational study. SETTING: A tertiary medical centre in Northern Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 104 5-7th year medical students, including 72 men and 32 women...
2016: BMJ Open
Michael Jones, Julie Gassaway
OBJECTIVE: Peer support is an important adjunct to clinical care for people with disabilities, and may help address barriers to community reintegration. Peers offer positive role models and the benefit of learning from shared experiences of living with disability. Despite potential benefits, peer support is not consistently integrated in the rehabilitation process. This presentation describes three interventions recommended by patients, and directed by peer mentors, to promote successful community transition after rehabilitation for traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
H Kim, T Malatesta, V Bar Ad, P R Anne', J McAna, R B Den
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Moira O'Neill
BACKGROUND: The advancing accountability of nurses and nurse educators requires students to develop knowledge, skills, and judgment on a continuum of focus from individual patients to the broader context of care. METHOD: A dynamic capstone policy course was developed by applying the American Association of Colleges of Nursing's Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice and capitalizing on related benefits of service-learning pedagogy...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Chad G Ball, Sean C Grondin, Elijah Dixon, Keith D Lillemoe, Mohit Bhandari, Neil Parry
You graduate from medical school with dreams of beginning your residency, during which you will study and train within the specialty you love more than any other. While you may be book-smart at this point in your career, medical school does not teach you everything you need to know. During residency you will learn the didactic and technical requirements for your future staff job, but medical school won't explicitly address many of the crucial "dos and don'ts" of a successful 2- to 5-year postgraduate training voyage...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
Ana L Hincapie, Timothy W Cutler, Amanda R Fingado
Objective. To incorporate a pharmacy informatics program in the didactic curriculum of a team-based learning institution and to assess students' knowledge of and confidence with health informatics during the course. Design. A previously developed online pharmacy informatics course was adapted and implemented into a team-based learning (TBL) 3-credit-hour drug information course for doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students in their second didactic year. During a period of five weeks (15 contact hours), students used the online pharmacy informatics modules as part of their readiness assurance process...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Lisa J Woodard, Skye McKennon, Jennifer Danielson, Judy Knuth, Peggy Odegard
Objective. To develop and assess the impact of an elective course aimed at improving student knowledge of and confidence in delivering a group diabetes prevention program. Design. Two colleges of pharmacy collaborated to develop a 2-credit elective course using didactic and active-learning strategies to prepare students to serve as lifestyle coaches offering a proven group diabetes prevention program. Assessment. Students' confidence in their ability to deliver a group diabetes prevention program increased as a result of the class...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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