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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922654/student-s-perception-about-innovative-teaching-learning-practices-in-forensic-medicine
#1
Sanjay Gupta, Utsav N Parekh, Jaishree D Ganjiwale
BACKGROUND: Since decades, Forensic Medicine is mainly taught by didactic methods but in last couple of years some other teachinglearning and assessment methods are also introduced at some places which also lacks uniformity. Feedback from learners is most fundamental aspect to assess effectiveness of applied methods, but is not implemented in practice at most medical schools in India. Unfortunately, medical students are deprived of this practical empowerment and thus may not be efficient enough to contribute potentially to the justice system during their professional life...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922302/resident-knowledge-surgical-skill-and-confidence-in-transobturator-vaginal-tape-placement-the-value-of-a-cadaver-laboratory
#2
Woojin Chong, Keith Downing, Ava Leegant, Erika Banks, Dmitry Fridman, Sherry Downie
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to examine the effect of additional cadaver laboratory use in training obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) residents on transobturator vaginal tape (TOT) insertion. METHODS: Thirty-four OBGYN residents were randomized into 2 groups (group 1, control; group 2, intervention; 17 in each group). Before and after the interventions, written knowledge and confidence levels were assessed. Both groups received didactic lectures using a bony pelvis and an instructional video on TOT insertion; group 2 participated in a half day cadaver laboratory...
September 15, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919147/pediatric-resident-training-in-prepubertal-vulvar-conditions
#3
Monica Rosen, Veronica I Alaniz, Emily K Kobernik, Stephanie Booms, Yolanda R Smith, Elisabeth H Quint
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess pediatric resident training in diagnosing and managing prepubertal gynecologic conditions. DESIGN: Voluntary 32-question survey emailed to participants. SETTING: Email contact through the American Academy of Pediatrics listserve. PARTICIPANTS: 7075 U.S. pediatrics and combined internal medicine-pediatric residents. INTERVENTIONS: Descriptive analysis including Chi-square tests was performed on survey results...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918340/-cervical-lift-an-update
#4
D Labbé, P Guerreschi
The neck is an aesthetic unit for which a rejuvenation request is sometimes very targeted or ore often encompassed in a global surgical project of face-lift. To obtain a long lasting outcome, the plastic surgeon has to make a full, detailed, and exhaustive analysis of the neck in order to choose the best indication within the multiple surgical tools. A full clinical examination is the key point, every aspects are outlined. The numerous surgical choices are described, illustrated, and sometimes revisited in the light of targeted anatomical studies...
September 13, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914099/integrating-social-class-and-privilege-in-the-community-medicine-curriculum
#5
Christopher Haymaker, Amber Cadick, Allison Seavey
Social class and privilege are hidden variables that impact the physician-patient relationship and health outcomes. This article presents a sample of activities from three programs utilized in the community health curriculum to teach resident physicians about patients within context, including how social class and privilege impact physician-patient relationships and patient health. These activities address resident physicians' resistance to discussion of privilege, social class, and race by emphasizing direct experience and active learning rather than traditional didactic sessions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906542/illuminating-the-pathway-for-the-next-generation-of-cardiovascular-medicine-practitioners-and-researchers-highlights-of-the-joint-pascar-scc-clinical-symposium-on-hypertension-and-heart-failure-cameroon
#6
Martin H Abanda, Anastase Dzudie, Ba Hamadou, Yves Monkam, Henry Luma, Marie Solange Douala, Loryane Nganhyim, Bonaventure S Dzekem, Theophile N Nana, George Nel, Ana O Mocumbi, Simon Stewart, Karen Sliwa, Eugene Belley Priso
The Pan-African Society of Cardiology roadmap aims to achieve a 25% control of hypertension by the year 2025. Whether this is attainable or not depends largely on the capacity of healthcare providers and policy makers to address the rising prevalence of hypertension and its complications, including heart failure. Task sharing is fundamental in optimising hypertension control. The Clinical Research Education, Networking and Consultancy (CRENC) engaged with the Pan-African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR) and the Cameroon Cardiac Society (SCC) in a joint hypertension and heart failure symposium at the Douala General Hospital in 2016...
July 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898545/attitudes-towards-mental-illness-among-medical-students-in-china-impact-of-medical-education-on-stigma
#7
Yifan Zhu, Hanwen Zhang, Ge Yang, Xinran Hu, Zhening Liu, Na Guo, Hongbo He, Bin Sun, Robert Rosenheck
INTRODUCTION: Stigma towards people with mental illness impedes effective treatment. A recent study found that Chinese students were less socially accepting of people with mental illness than counterparts from other countries. The current study examined stigma among Chinese medical students at different levels of training. METHODS: Medical students (N = 1372 from 12 Chinese schools) were surveyed with a questionnaire addressing attitudes and beliefs about people with mental illness...
September 12, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895282/a-patient-safety-education-program-in-a-medical-physics-residency
#8
Eric C Ford, Matthew Nyflot, Matthew B Spraker, Gabrielle Kane, Kristi R G Hendrickson
Education in patient safety and quality of care is a requirement for radiation oncology residency programs according to accrediting agencies. However, recent surveys indicate that most programs lack a formal program to support this learning. The aim of this report was to address this gap and share experiences with a structured educational program on quality and safety designed specifically for medical physics therapy residencies. Five key topic areas were identified, drawn from published recommendations on safety and quality...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894942/first-steps-towards-development-of-an-instrument-for-the-reproducible-quantification-of-oropharyngeal-swallow-physiology-in-bottle-fed-children
#9
Maureen A Lefton-Greif, Katlyn Elizabeth McGrattan, Kathryn A Carson, Jeanne M Pinto, Jennifer M Wright, Bonnie Martin-Harris
The incidence of feeding/swallowing impairments (deglutition disorders) in young children is rising and poses serious acute and long-term health consequences. Accurate detection and prompt intervention can lessen the impact of dysphagia-induced sequelae. Videofluoroscopic Swallow Studies (VFSSs) are used to make critical decisions for medically fragile children despite procedural variability and the lack of agreed upon measures for interpreting and reporting results. This investigation represents the first steps in the development of a novel tool for the quantification of oropharyngeal swallow physiology from full-length VFSS examinations in bottle-fed children...
September 11, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893142/a-simulation-and-video-based-training-program-to-address-adverse-childhood-experiences
#10
Frances K Wen, Julie E Miller-Cribbs, Kim A Coon, Martina J Jelley, Kristin A Foulks-Rodriguez
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are 10 categories of childhood abuse and maltreatment, which have a dose-response relationship with common adult health concerns seen in primary care including health risk behaviors, chronic disease, and mental illness. Many of the ACEs-associated biopsychosocial risk factors are modifiable. However, physicians may not address these issues for fear of opening "Pandora's Box", that is, a source of extensive problems for which they are not sufficiently prepared with training, resources, or time...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890927/analysis-of-six-reviews-on-the-quality-of-instruments-for-the-evaluation-of-interprofessional-education-in-german-speaking-countries
#11
Jan P Ehlers, Sylvia Kaap-Fröhlich, Cornelia Mahler, Theresa Scherer, Marion Huber
Background: More and more institutions worldwide and in German-speaking countries are developing and establishing interprofessional seminars in undergraduate education of health professions. In order to evaluate the different didactic approaches and different outcomes regarding the anticipated interprofessional competencies, it is necessary to apply appropriate instruments. Cross-cultural instruments are particularly helpful for international comparability. The Interprofessional Education working group of the German Medical Association (GMA) aims at identifying existing instruments for the evaluation of interprofessional education in order to make recommendations for German-speaking countries...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886737/students-as-anatomy-near-peer-teachers-a-double-edged-sword-for-an-ancient-skill
#12
Nomy Dickman, Alon Barash, Shmuel Reis, David Karasik
BACKGROUND: A near-peer instructors (NPI) program was designed for 1st year medical students who successfully finished the Anatomy course, in order to develop their didactic ability and teaching skills, mostly for cadaver dissection. METHODS: Graduates of the training program were administered a voluntary survey at the end of the program, annually. Best graduates of the training program were offered a NPI position in the next academic year. They were evaluated by the first-year students, at the end of the Anatomy block...
September 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882774/how-prospective-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-trainees-rank-residency-training-programs
#13
Michael J Auriemma, Curtis L Whitehair
BACKGROUND: From the inception of the National Resident Matching Program, multiple studies have investigated the factors applicants consider important to ranking prospective residency programs. However, only two previous studies focused on prospective physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) trainees, and the most recent of these studies was published in 1993. It is unknown whether these previous studies are reflective of current prospective PM&R residents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess various factors that contribute to prospective PM&R residents' decision making in choosing a residency program and compare these findings to previous studies...
September 4, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882458/opioid-prescribing-education-in-surgical-residencies-a-program-director-survey
#14
Brian K Yorkgitis, Elizabeth Bryant, Desiree Raygor, Gabriel Brat, Douglas S Smink, Marie Crandall
BACKGROUND: Opioid abuse and misuse is a public health crisis. A national effort to reduce this phenomenon is ongoing. Residents represent a large pool of opioid prescribers but, are often not the target for opioid prescribing education (OPE). We developed a survey to assess current opioid prescribing practices and education among surgical residents. STUDY DESIGN: An Institutional Review Board and Association of Program Directors in Surgery approved survey was electronically mailed to surgical program directors (PDs)...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876994/encouraging-critical-clinical-thinking-cct-skills-in-first-year-veterinary-students
#15
Duncan C Ferguson, Leslie Klis McNeil, David J Schaeffe, Eric M Mills
First-year didactic course instructors at the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine leverage earlier clinical rotation experiences with weekly "Clinical Correlations" exercises to provide early exposure to critical clinical thinking (CCT). This study evaluated the efficacy of individual and paired group exercises on CCT development. Before and after instruction, the Cornell Critical Thinking Test (Level Z) (CCTTZ) was administered. Based on the hypothesis that students with higher scores would coach lower-scoring colleagues during group exercises, heterogeneous groups with similar mean scores were established for the year...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873894/extraction-methodology-of-implicit-didactics-in-math-schoolbooks-for-the-blind
#16
Prajaks Jitngernmadan, Bernhard Stöger, Andrea Petz, Klaus Miesenberger
The implicit didactic information embedded in the theoretical part of math schoolbooks is one of the keys for successful learning mathematics, but mostly reserved for sighted students. Thus, the methodology for analyzing this theoretical part of selected math schoolbooks is developed for extracting this implicit didactic information, which will be made accessible. Combined with the blind students' teaching methods in classrooms, a dialog-based assistant concept is suggested for covering core didactics for teaching the blind...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867319/transfer-of-learning-from-practicing-microvascular-anastomosis-on-silastic-tubes-to-rat-s-abdominal-aorta
#17
Pooneh Mokhtari, Ali Tayebi Meybodi, Michael T Lawton, Andre Payman, Arnau Benet
OBJECT: Learning to perform microvascular anastomosis is difficult. Laboratory practice models using artificial vessels are frequently used for this purpose. However, the efficacy of such practice models has not been objectively assessed on the performance of microvascular anastomosis during live surgical settings. This study was carried out to assess the transfer of learning from practicing microvascular anastomosis on tubes to anastomosing rat's abdominal aorta. METHODS: Ten surgeons without any experience in microvascular anastomosis were randomly assigned to an experimental or a control group...
August 31, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866067/fostering-student-interest-in-neurological-surgery-the-university-of-pittsburgh-experience
#18
Ahmed Kashkoush, Rafey Feroze, Stephanie Myal, Arpan V Prabhu, Alexandra Sansosti, Daniel Tonetti, Nitin Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Early involvement and research in neurosurgery can increase chances for medical students to successfully matriculate into residency. This study reports the creation of a Neurological Surgery Interest Group (NSIG) at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and shares its activities over two academic years. METHODS: In October 2014, the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's NSIG was created to augment medical student interest in neurosurgery...
August 30, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864790/a-survey-of-dental-implant-instruction-in-predoctoral-dental-curricula-in-north-america
#19
Hidemichi Kihara, Jie Sun, Maiko Sakai, Shigemi Nagai, John Da Silva
The aim of this study was to investigate the extent and forms of predoctoral implant dentistry instruction in North American dental schools and to identify future directions and challenges. The survey collected data on curriculum content, departmental oversight, techniques, and materials, as well as current problems to be solved. The 30-question survey was sent in 2012 to the dean or administrator in charge of the predoctoral curriculum of all 73 dental schools in the U.S. and Canada at the time; four reminders were sent...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864266/the-colorado-humanitarian-surgical-skills-workshop-a-cadaver-based-workshop-to-prepare-residents-for-surgery-in-austere-settings
#20
Yihan Lin, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Robert A Meguid, David P Kuwayama
OBJECTIVE: Interest in humanitarian surgery is high among surgical and obstetric residents. The Colorado Humanitarian Surgical Skills Workshop is an annual 2-day course exposing senior residents to surgical techniques essential in low- and middle-income countries but not traditionally taught in US residencies. We evaluated the course's ability to foster resident comfort, knowledge, and competence in these skills. DESIGN: The cohort of course participants was studied prospectively...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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