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Back-up Head-Elevated Intubation

Nita Khandelwal, Sarah Khorsand, Steven H Mitchell, Aaron M Joffe
BACKGROUND: Based on the data from elective surgical patients, positioning patients in a back-up head-elevated position for preoxygenation and tracheal intubation can improve patient safety. However, data specific to the emergent setting are lacking. We hypothesized that back-up head-elevated positioning would be associated with a decrease in complications related to tracheal intubation in the emergency room environment. METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the University of Washington Human Subjects Division (Seattle, WA)...
April 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Mohammad El-Orbany, Harvey Woehlck, M Ramez Salem
The sniffing position (SP) has traditionally been considered the optimal head position for direct laryngoscopy (DL). Its superiority over other head positions, however, has been questioned during the last decade. We reviewed the scarce literature on the subject to examine the evidence either in favor or against the routine use of the SP. A standard definition for the position should be used (e.g., 35° neck flexion and 15° head extension) to avoid confusion about what constitutes a proper SP and to compare the results from different studies...
July 2011: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Srikantha L Rao, Allen R Kunselman, H Gregg Schuler, Susan DesHarnais
BACKGROUND: The proper positioning of patients before direct laryngoscopy is a key step that facilitates tracheal intubation. In obese patients, the 25 degree back-up or head-elevated laryngoscopic position, which is better than the supine position for tracheal intubation, is usually achieved by placing blankets or other devices under the patient's head and shoulders. This position can also be achieved by reconfiguring the normally flat operating room (OR) table by flexing the table at the trunk-thigh hinge and raising the back (trunk) portion of the table (OR table ramp)...
December 2008: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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