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scavenger receptor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234322/corrigendum-commentary-the-scavenger-receptor-ssc5d-physically-interacts-with-bacteria-through-the-srcr-containing-n-terminal-domain
#1
Francisco Lozano, Mario Martínez-Florensa
[This corrects the article on p. 366 in vol. 8, PMID: 28396672.].
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226138/effects-of-astaxanthin-on-reverse-cholesterol-transport-and-atherosclerosis-in-mice
#2
Tang-Bin Zou, Shan-Shan Zhu, Fei Luo, Wei-Qiao Li, Xue-Rong Sun, Hong-Fu Wu
High plasma level of HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) has been consistently associated with a decreased risk of atherosclerosis (AS); thus, HDL-C is considered to be an antiatherogenic lipoprotein. The development of novel therapies to enhance the atheroprotective properties of HDL may have the possibility of further reducing the residual AS risk. Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) is believed to be a primary atheroprotective activity of HDL, which has been shown to promote the efflux of excess cholesterol from macrophage-derived foam cells via ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), ATP-binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1), and scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) and then transport it back to the liver for excretion into bile and eventually into the feces...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223552/caffeine-rich-infusion-from-cola-nitida-kola-nut-inhibits-major-carbohydrate-catabolic-enzymes-abates-redox-imbalance-and-modulates-oxidative-dysregulated-metabolic-pathways-and-metabolites-in-fe2-induced-hepatic-toxicity
#3
Ochuko L Erukainure, Olajumoke A Oyebode, Mxolisi K Sokhela, Neil A Koorbanally, Md Shahidul Islam
The antioxidative and antidiabetic effects and toxicity of caffeine-rich infusion of Cola nitida were investigated using in vitro, ex vivo and in silico models. C. nitida was infused in boiling water and allowed to cool before concentrating at <50°C. HPLC analysis of the infusion revealed a caffeine content of 80.08%. The infusion showed potent in vitro antioxidant activity by significantly (p<0.05) scavenging 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). It significantly (p<0.05) inhibited α-glucosidase and α-amylase activities...
December 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220536/cd36-deficiency-attenuates-immune-mediated-hepatitis-in-mice-by-modulating-the-proapoptotic-effects-of-cxcl10
#4
Che Xu, Chen Zhang, Jie Ji, Chao Wang, Jing Yang, Biao Geng, Ting Zhao, Hong Zhou, Xianmin Mu, Jinshun Pan, Shi Hu, Yuanfang Lv, Xingguo Chen, Hao Wen, Qiang You
The scavenger receptor, CD36, recognizes a diverse set of ligands, and has been implicated in a wide variety of normal and pathological processes, including lipid metabolism, angiogenesis, atherosclerosis, and phagocytosis. In particular, recent findings have demonstrated its crucial functions in sterile inflammation and tumor metastasis. However, the role of CD36 in immune-mediated hepatitis remains unclear. Concanavalin A (Con A)-induced liver injury is a well-established experimental T cell-mediated hepatitis...
December 8, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219058/macrophage-targeted-cellular-carriers-for-effective-delivery-of-anti-tubercular-drugs
#5
S Beg, Jaya Agnihotri, Shibhna Singh, Mohammad Wais
Newly developed vaccine VPM1002 confers paradigm swing in the prophylactic treatment of tuberculosis (TB).Multi drug resistant and latent TB in adults as well as in underprivileged patients is instigating menace over world population if the host is immune-compromised. One third of the world's population is infected with TB. Recently it is estimated around 9.6 million people around the world became sick with TB disease. There were 1.5 million TB-related deaths worldwide. Therefore with the advent in biotechnology and Nano engineering, newly adapted survival molecular mechanism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, new targets receptors on alveolar macrophages must be explored out for eradication of TB from the globe...
December 7, 2017: Recent Patents on Anti-infective Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212341/scavenging-reactive-oxygen-species-production-normalizes-ferroportin-expression-and-ameliorates-cellular-and-systemic-iron-disbalances-in-hemolytic-mouse-model
#6
Naveen Kumar Tangudu, Betuel Alan, Francesca Vinchi, Katharina Woerle, Dilay Lai, Sabine Vettorazzi, Kerstin Leopold, Maja Vujic Spasic
AIMS: The release of large amounts of free heme into the circulation, overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the activation of toll-like receptor (Tlr)-4 dependent responses are considered critical for the ability of heme to promote oxidative stress and to initiate pro-inflammatory responses, posing a serious threat to the body. A deep understanding of the consequences of heme overload on the regulation of cellular and systemic iron homeostasis is however, still lacking. RESULTS: The effects of heme on iron metabolism were studied in primary macrophages and in mouse models of acute and chronic hemolysis...
December 6, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209138/effects-of-glutathione-on-mechanical-allodynia-and-central-sensitization-in-chronic-postischemic-pain-rats
#7
Jinseok Yeo, Hoon Jung, Hyerim Lee
Background: The chronic postischemia pain (CPIP) model is an animal model using ischemia/reperfusion injury that mimics the symptoms of complex regional pain syndrome type I. Glutathione (GSH) prevents ischemia/reperfusion injury by scavenging free radicals. We conducted this study to investigate the protective effect of GSH in CPIP rats via changes of mechanical allodynia and phospholyration of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit GluN1. Methods: We divided 45 rats into 5 groups: sham, CPIP, CPIP + GSH 100 mg/kg, CPIP + GSH 200 mg/kg, and CPIP + GSH 500 mg/kg...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208536/hek-293-secretome-attenuates-kainic-acid-neurotoxicity-through-insulin-like-growth-factor-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinases-pathway-and-by-temporal-regulation-of-antioxidant-defense-machineries
#8
Chaitra Venugopal, Y S Harish Chandra Prasad, K Shobha, Venkata Bharatkumar Pinnelli, Anandh Dhanushkodi
A major impediment in the success of cell therapy for neurodegenerative diseases is the poor survival of grafted cells in the in vivo milieu, predominantly due to accumulated reactive oxygen species, thus prompting the search for suitable alternatives. Accumulating evidence suggests that the therapeutic potential of transplanted cells is partially attributed to the secretome released by them into the extracellular milieu. Studies that investigated the neuroprotective potential of the secretome attributes to the mere presence of growth factors without addressing other underlying cellular/molecular changes that occur upon post-secretome intervention like re-establishing the host cell's free radical scavenging machineries...
December 2, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203958/role-of-catalytic-iron-and-oxidative-stress-in-nitrofen-induced-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-and-its-amelioration-by-saireito-tj-114
#9
Shima Hirako, Hiroyuki Tsuda, Fumiya Ito, Yasumasa Okazaki, Tasuku Hirayama, Hideko Nagasawa, Tomoko Nakano, Kenji Imai, Tomomi Kotani, Fumitaka Kikkawa, Shinya Toyokuni
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a life-threatening neonatal disease that leads to lung hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. We recently found that maternal prenatal administration of Saireito (TJ-114) ameliorates fetal CDH in a nitrofen-induced rat model. Here, we studied the role of iron and oxidative stress in neonates of this model and in lung fibroblasts IMR90-SV in association with nitrofen and Saireito. We observed increased immunostaining of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine in the lungs of neonates with CDH, which was ameliorated by maternal Saireito intake...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203281/bliverdin-reductase-a-improves-neurological-function-in-a-germinal-matrix-hemorrhage-rat-model
#10
Yiting Zhang, Yan Ding, Tai Lu, Yixin Zhang, Ningbo Xu, Lingyan Yu, Devin W McBride, Jerry J Flores, Jiping Tang, John H Zhang
Germinal matrix hemorrhage is induced by stereotaxic injection of collagenase into the germinal matrix of P7 Sprague-Dawley rats. Hemoglobin assay, western blot, immunofluorescence and neurobehavioral tests were used to test the effects of BLVRA on hematoma resolution and anti-inflammatory response. We showed that BLVRA triggered a signaling cascade that ameliorated post-hemorrhagic neurological deficits in both short-term and long-term neurobehavioral tests in a GMH rat model. Specifically, BLVRA inhibited toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression by translocating to the nucleus in an endothelial nitric oxide (eNOS)/nitric oxide (NO)-dependent manner...
December 1, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199477/phenylpropanoid-glucosides-from-tadehagi-triquetrum-inhibit-oxldl-evoked-foam-cell-formation-through-modulating-cholesterol-homeostasis-in-raw264-7-macrophages
#11
Shuai Wang, Xiaopo Zhang, Xin Li, Qibing Liu, Yue Zhou, Peng Guo, Zhengqi Dong, Chongming Wu
The phenylpropanoid glucosides from Tadehagi triquetrum were found to be beneficial to glucose and lipid metabolism in vitro. Herein, we investigated the effects of these compounds on oxidised low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced foam cell formation in RAW264.7 macrophages, aiming to evaluate their potential utility in prevention of atherosclerosis. Our results showed that three out of seven phenylpropanoid glucosides significantly inhibited oxLDL-evoked foam cell formation. These three compounds remarkably inhibited cholesterol influx and enhanced cholesterol efflux...
December 4, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199275/lysosomal-integral-membrane-protein-2-as-a-phospholipid-receptor-revealed-by-biophysical-and-cellular-studies
#12
Karen S Conrad, Ting-Wen Cheng, Daniel Ysselstein, Saskia Heybrock, Lise R Hoth, Boris A Chrunyk, Christopher W Am Ende, Dimitri Krainc, Michael Schwake, Paul Saftig, Shenping Liu, Xiayang Qiu, Michael D Ehlers
Lysosomal integral membrane protein-2 (LIMP-2/SCARB2) contributes to endosomal and lysosomal function. LIMP-2 deficiency is associated with neurological abnormalities and kidney failure and, as an acid glucocerebrosidase receptor, impacts Gaucher and Parkinson's diseases. Here we report a crystal structure of a LIMP-2 luminal domain dimer with bound cholesterol and phosphatidylcholine. Binding of these lipids alters LIMP-2 from functioning as a glucocerebrosidase-binding monomer toward a dimeric state that preferentially binds anionic phosphatidylserine over neutral phosphatidylcholine...
December 4, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196758/the-role-of-oxidative-stress-in-the-crosstalk-between-leptin-and-mineralocorticoid-receptor-in-the-cardiac-fibrosis-associated-with-obesity
#13
Josué Gutiérrez-Tenorio, Gema Marín-Royo, Ernesto Martínez-Martínez, Rubén Martín, María Miana, Natalia López-Andrés, Raquel Jurado-López, Isabel Gallardo, María Luaces, José Alberto San Román, María González-Amor, Mercedes Salaices, María Luisa Nieto, Victoria Cachofeiro
We have investigated whether mineralocorticoid receptor activation can participate in the profibrotic effects of leptin in cardiac myofibroblasts, as well as the potential mechanisms involved. The presence of eplerenone reduced the leptin-induced increase in protein levels of collagen I, transforming growth factor β, connective tissue growth factor and galectin-3 and the levels of both total and mitochondrial of superoxide anion (O2.-) in cardiac myofibroblasts. Likewise, the MEK/ERK inhibitor, PD98059, and the PI3/Akt inhibitor, LY294002, showed a similar pattern...
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196315/phosphorylated-ccaat-enhancer-binding-protein-%C3%AE-contributes-to-rat-hiv-related-neuropathic-pain-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#14
Hyun Yi, Shue Liu, Yuta Kashiwagi, Daigo Ikegami, Wan Huang, Hirotsugu Kanda, Takafumi Iida, Ching-Hang Liu, Keiya Takahashi, David A Lubarsky, Shuanglin Hao
Chronic pain is increasingly recognized as an important comorbidity of HIV-infected patients, however, the exact molecular mechanisms of HIV-related pain are still elusive. CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins (C/EBPs) are expressed in various tissues, including the central nervous system. C/EBPβ, one of C/EBPs is involved in the progression of HIV/AIDS, but the exact role of C/EBPβ and its upstream factors are not clear in HIV pain state. Here, we used a neuropathic pain model of perineural HIV envelope glycoprotein gp120 application onto the rat sciatic nerve to test the role of phosphorylated C/EBPβ (pC/EBPβ) and its upstream pathway in the spinal cord dorsal horn (SCDH)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196159/cholesterol-trafficking-and-raft-like-membrane-domain-composition-mediate-scavenger-receptor-class-b-type-1-dependent-lipid-sensing-in-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#15
Etienne Morel, Sara Ghezzal, Géraldine Lucchi, Caroline Truntzer, Jean-Paul Pais de Barros, Françoise Simon-Plas, Sylvie Demignot, Chieko Mineo, Philip W Shaul, Armelle Leturque, Monique Rousset, Véronique Carrière
Scavenger receptor Class B type 1 (SR-B1) is a lipid transporter and sensor. In intestinal epithelial cells, SR-B1-dependent lipid sensing is associated with SR-B1 recruitment in raft-like/ detergent-resistant membrane domains and interaction of its C-terminal transmembrane domain with plasma membrane cholesterol. To clarify the initiating events occurring during lipid sensing by SR-B1, we analyzed cholesterol trafficking and raft-like domain composition in intestinal epithelial cells expressing wild-type SR-B1 or the mutated form SR-B1-Q445A, defective in membrane cholesterol binding and signal initiation...
November 28, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195484/targeted-delivery-of-garcinia-glycosides-by-reconstituted-high-density-lipoprotein-nano-complexes
#16
Chang Liu, Zijun Zhou, Ye Chen, Ju Liu, Yang Wang, Hongsheng Liu
Scavenger receptor class B type 1 (SR-B1) is over-expressed in tumor cells where it mediates the uptake of drug payload of reconstituted high density lipoprotein (rHDL) via the process of reverse cholesterol transport. In this study, rHDL was prepared to determine its function as a drug delivery carrier for targeting hepatocellular carcinoma by incorporating the anti-tumor drug garcinia glycosides into rHDL to yield rHDL/GG nano-complexes. Structural analysis indicated that the rHDL/GG nano-complex was similar to HDL in size...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195076/migrating-platelets-are-mechano-scavengers-that-collect-and-bundle-bacteria
#17
Florian Gaertner, Zerkah Ahmad, Gerhild Rosenberger, Shuxia Fan, Leo Nicolai, Benjamin Busch, Gökce Yavuz, Manja Luckner, Hellen Ishikawa-Ankerhold, Roman Hennel, Alexandre Benechet, Michael Lorenz, Sue Chandraratne, Irene Schubert, Sebastian Helmer, Bianca Striednig, Konstantin Stark, Marek Janko, Ralph T Böttcher, Admar Verschoor, Catherine Leon, Christian Gachet, Thomas Gudermann, Michael Mederos Y Schnitzler, Zachary Pincus, Matteo Iannacone, Rainer Haas, Gerhard Wanner, Kirsten Lauber, Michael Sixt, Steffen Massberg
Blood platelets are critical for hemostasis and thrombosis and play diverse roles during immune responses. Despite these versatile tasks in mammalian biology, their skills on a cellular level are deemed limited, mainly consisting in rolling, adhesion, and aggregate formation. Here, we identify an unappreciated asset of platelets and show that adherent platelets use adhesion receptors to mechanically probe the adhesive substrate in their local microenvironment. When actomyosin-dependent traction forces overcome substrate resistance, platelets migrate and pile up the adhesive substrate together with any bound particulate material...
November 30, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191921/selective-egfr-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-deletion-in-myeloid-cells-limits-atherosclerosis
#18
Lynda Zeboudj, Andréas Giraud, Lea Guyonnet, Yujiao Zhang, Ludivine Laurans, Bruno Esposito, Jose Vilar, Anna Chipont, Nikolina Papac-Milicevic, Christoph J Binder, Alain Tedgui, Ziad Mallat, Pierre-Louis Tharaux, Hafid Ait-Oufella
OBJECTIVE: To determine the consequences of specific inhibition of EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) in myeloid cells in atherosclerosis development. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Atherosclerotic lesion size was significantly reduced in irradiated Ldlr-/- mice reconstituted with LysMCre+Egfrlox/lox bone marrow, compared with chimeric Ldlr-/- mice reconstituted with LysMCre-Egfrlox/lox bone marrow, after 4 (-43%; P<0.05), 7 (-34%; P<0.05), and 12 weeks (-54%; P<0...
November 30, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189991/csn5-promotes-hepatocellular-carcinoma-progression-by-scara5-inhibition-through-suppressing-%C3%AE-catenin-ubiquitination
#19
Hongliang Liu, Junwen Hu, Hua Pan, Dilai Luo, Mingwen Huang, Wei Xu
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has suggested that E3 Ubiquitin Ligase CSN5 is a newly characterized oncogene involved in various types of cancer. Scavenger receptor class A member 5 (SCARA5) is an important regulator of biological processes in cancer cells. However, the roles and relationship of CSN5 and SCARA5 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. METHODS: We used RT-PCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry to measure CSN5 and SCARA5 expression in HCC tissues and corresponding non-tumor tissues...
November 30, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188177/ultrasound-stimulated-drug-delivery-using-therapeutic-reconstituted-high-density-lipoprotein-nanoparticles
#20
Fangyuan Xiong, Sabnis Nirupama, Shashank R Sirsi, Andras Lacko, Kenneth Hoyt
The abnormal tumor vasculature and the resulting abnormal microenvironment are major barriers to optimal chemotherapeutic drug delivery. It is well known that ultrasound (US) can increase the permeability of the tumor vessel walls and enhance the accumulation of anticancer agents. Reconstituted high-density lipoproteins (rHDL) nanoparticles (NPs) allow selective delivery of anticancer agents to tumor cells via their overexpressed scavenger receptor type B1 (SR-B1) receptor. The goal of this study is to investigate the potential of noninvasive US therapy to further improve delivery and tumor uptake of the payload from rHDL NPs, preloaded with an infrared dye (IR-780), aimed to establish a surrogate chemotherapeutic model with optical localization...
2017: Nanotheranostics
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