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Ziqiang Huang, Yunwei Pang, Haisheng Hao, Weihua Du, Xueming Zhao, Huabin Zhu
Objective: Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a major ingredient of catechin polyphenols and is considered one of the most promising bioactive compounds in green tea because of its strong antioxidant properties. However, the protective role of EGCG in bovine oocyte in vitro maturation (IVM) has not been investigated. Therefore, we aimed to study the effects of EGCG on IVM of bovine oocytes. Methods: Bovine oocytes were treated with different concentrations of EGCG (0, 25, 50 100, and 200 μM) , and the nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation, cumulus cell expansion, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, total antioxidant capacity, the early apoptosis and the developmental competence of in vitro fertilized embryos were measured...
March 13, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Jose Pedro Friedmann Angeli, Marcus Conrad
Selenium has transitioned from an environmental poison and carcinogen to an essential micronutrient associated with a broad array of health promoting effects. These beneficial effects are now accepted to be linked to its incorporation into selenoproteins, a family of rare proteins utilizing a specialized translation machinery to integrate selenium in the form of selenocysteine. Despite this recognised role, much less is known regarding the actual role of selenium in these proteins. Here, we will provide the reader with an overview of the essential role of specific selenoproteins and their link to pathology based on mouse studies and relevant mutations discovered in humans...
March 6, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Nataliya Rohr-Udilova, Eva Bauer, Gerald Timelthaler, Robert Eferl, Klaus Stolze, Matthias Pinter, Martha Seif, Hubert Hayden, Thomas Reiberger, Rolf Schulte-Hermann, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Dagmar Stoiber, Michael Trauner
Insufficient supplementation with the micronutrient selenium and persistent hepatic inflammation predispose to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Inflammation-associated reactive oxygen species attack membrane lipids and form lipid hydroperoxides able to propagate oxidative hepatic damage. Selenium-containing enzyme glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4) antagonizes this damage by reducing lipid hydroperoxides to respective hydroxides. However, the role of GPx4 in HCC remains elusive. We generated two human HCC cell lines with stable overexpression of GPx4, performed xenotransplantation into NOD...
February 9, 2018: Oncotarget
Roger A Sunde, Edward T Zemaitis, Andrew B Blink, Julia A Lawinger
Glutathione peroxidase (Gpx1) is the major selenoprotein in most tissues in animals. Knockout (KO) of Gpx1 decreases Gpx1 activity to near zero and substantially reduces liver selenium (Se) levels, but has no overt effects in otherwise healthy mice. To investigate the impact of deletion of Gpx1 on Se metabolism, Se flux, and apparent Se requirements, KO, Gpx1 heterozygous (Het), and Gpx1 wild-type (WT) mice were fed Se-deficient diet for 17 weeks, then repleted with graded levels of Se (0-0.3 μg Se/g as Na2 SeO3 ) for 7 days, and selenoprotein activities and transcripts were determined in blood, liver, and kidney...
March 3, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Ling Xu, Changguo Gong, Guangming Li, Jue Wei, Ting Wang, Wenying Meng, Min Shi, Yugang Wang
Ebselen is a seleno-organic compound that has been demonstrated to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. A previous study determined that ebselen inhibits airway inflammation induced by inhalational lipopolysaccharide (LPS), however, the underlying molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated. The present study investigated the effect of ebselen on the glutathione peroxidase (GPX)‑reactive oxygen species (ROS) pathway and interleukin‑8 (IL‑8) expression induced by Helicobacter pylori LPS in gastric cancer (GC) cells...
February 27, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jackie K W Chan, Stefanie Bittner, Alex Bittner, Suman Atwal, Wen-Jun Shen, Mohammed Inayathullah, Jayakumar Rajada, Mark R R Nicolls, Fredric B Kraemer, Salman Azhar
To determine the effects of NDGA on metabolic and molecular changes in response to feeding mice typical American fast food or Western diet, mice were fed with ALIOS diet and subjected to metabolic analysis. Male C57BL/6J mice were randomly assigned to: ALIOS, ALIOS + NDGA, or control diet and maintained on the specific diet for 8 weeks. Mice fed ALIOS diet, showed increased body, liver and epididymal fat pad weight, plasma ALT and AST levels (a measure of liver injury), and liver triglyceride (TG) content. Co-administration of NDGA normalized body and epididymal fat pad weight, ALT and AST levels, and liver TG...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Yuko Kinowaki, Morito Kurata, Sachiko Ishibashi, Masumi Ikeda, Anna Tatsuzawa, Masahide Yamamoto, Osamu Miura, Masanobu Kitagawa, Kouhei Yamamoto
Regulation of oxidative stress and redox systems has important roles in carcinogenesis and cancer progression, and for this reason has attracted much attention as a new area of cancer therapeutic targets. Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), an antioxidant enzyme, has biological important functions such as signaling cell death by suppressing peroxidation of membrane phospholipids. However, few studies exist on the expression and clinical relevance of GPX4 in malignant lymphomas such as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma...
February 20, 2018: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Benjamin Kövesi, Csilla Pelyhe, Erika Zándoki, Miklós Mézes, Krisztián Balogh
Lipid peroxidation, glutathione content, glutathione peroxidase activity and gene expression of transcription factors, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione synthetase and glutathione reductase was investigated in common carp liver. Short term (24 h) exposure of aflatoxin B 1 at different doses (100, 200 and 400 μg AFB 1 kg -1 feed) was used. It was found that conjugated dienes and trienes elevated after 16 h, while thiobarbituric acid reactive substances content increased only at the lowest dose after 16 and 24 h of exposure...
February 14, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Li Li, Yu Hao, Yu Zhao, Huijuan Wang, Xiujun Zhao, Yan Jiang, Fulu Gao
Sertoli cell death contributes to spermatogenesis impairment, which is associated with male infertility. Testicular ischemia‑reperfusion (I/R) injury induces the cell death of germ cells and Sertoli cells, whereas inhibition of cell death ameliorates acute testicular I/R damage. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanism of I/R stress-induced cell death in TM4 cells. Oxygen‑glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R) was demonstrated to induce I/R injury and cell death in TM4 cells...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Anja Jelinek, Lukas Heyder, Michael Daude, Matthias Plessner, Sylvia Krippner, Robert Grosse, Wibke E Diederich, Carsten Culmsee
Research into oxidative cell death is producing exciting new mechanisms, such as ferroptosis, in the neuropathologies of cerebral ischemia and hemorrhagic brain insults. Ferroptosis is an oxidative form of regulated necrotic cell death featuring glutathione (GSH) depletion, disrupted glutathione peroxidase-4 (GPX4) redox defense and detrimental lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation. Further, our recent findings identified mitochondrial damage in models of oxidative glutamate toxicity, glutathione peroxidase depletion, and ferroptosis...
January 26, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Roger A Sunde
Rodents and humans have 24-25 selenoproteins, and these proteins contain the 21st amino acid, selenocysteine, incorporated co-translationally into the peptide backbone in a series of reactions dependent on at least 6 unique gene products. In selenium (Se) deficiency, there is differential regulation of selenoprotein expression, whereby levels of some selenoproteins and their transcripts decrease dramatically in Se deficiency, but other selenoprotein transcripts are spared this decrease; the underlying mechanism, however, is not fully understood...
2018: PloS One
Paulina Wigner, Piotr Czarny, Ewelina Synowiec, Michał Bijak, Katarzyna Białek, Monika Talarowska, Piotr Galecki, Janusz Szemraj, Tomasz Sliwinski
The dominating hypothesis among numerous hypotheses explaining the pathogenesis of depressive disorders (DD) is the one involving oxidative and nitrosative stress. In this study, we examined the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the genes encoding SOD2 (superoxide dismutase 2), CAT (catalase), GPx4 (glutathione peroxidase 4), NOS1 (nitric oxide synthase 1), NOS2 (nitric oxide synthase 2), and the development of depressive disorders. Our study was carried out on the DNA isolated from peripheral blood collected from 281 depressed patients and 229 controls...
December 9, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Yihao Zhu, Xiaoyan Jiao, Yang An, Shu Li, Xiaohua Teng
To investigate alleviative effect of selenium (Se) on lead (Pb)-induced apoptosis in chicken nervous tissues, 7-day-old chickens were randomly divided into four groups. The control group was fed a standard diet and drinking water. In the Pb and Se/Pb groups, (CH3OO)2Pb was dissolved in drinking water. In the Se and Se/Pb groups, Na2SeO3 was put into the standard diet. Embryonic neurocytes were divided into the control, Se (containing Na2SeO3), Pb (containing (CH3COO)2Pb), and Se/Pb (containing Na2SeO3 and (CH3COO)2Pb) groups...
December 8, 2017: Oncotarget
Irina Ingold, Carsten Berndt, Sabine Schmitt, Sebastian Doll, Gereon Poschmann, Katalin Buday, Antonella Roveri, Xiaoxiao Peng, Florencio Porto Freitas, Tobias Seibt, Lisa Mehr, Michaela Aichler, Axel Walch, Daniel Lamp, Martin Jastroch, Sayuri Miyamoto, Wolfgang Wurst, Fulvio Ursini, Elias S J Arnér, Noelia Fradejas-Villar, Ulrich Schweizer, Hans Zischka, José Pedro Friedmann Angeli, Marcus Conrad
Selenoproteins are rare proteins among all kingdoms of life containing the 21st amino acid, selenocysteine. Selenocysteine resembles cysteine, differing only by the substitution of selenium for sulfur. Yet the actual advantage of selenolate- versus thiolate-based catalysis has remained enigmatic, as most of the known selenoproteins also exist as cysteine-containing homologs. Here, we demonstrate that selenolate-based catalysis of the essential mammalian selenoprotein GPX4 is unexpectedly dispensable for normal embryogenesis...
December 16, 2017: Cell
Xinxin Song, Shan Zhu, Yangchun Xie, Jiao Liu, Lingyi Sun, Dexing Zeng, Pengcheng Wang, Xiaochao Ma, Guido Kroemer, David L Bartlett, Timothy R Billiar, Michael Lotze, Herbert Zeh, Rui Kang, Daolin Tang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Maintenance of acid-base homeostasis is required for normal physiology, metabolism, and development. It is not clear how cell death is activated in response to changes in pH. We performed a screen to identify agents that induce cell death in a pH-dependent manner (we call this alkaliptosis) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cancer (PDAC) cells and tested their effects in mice. METHODS: We screened a library of 254 compounds that interact with G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) to identify those with cytotoxic activity against a human PDAC cell line (PANC1)...
December 14, 2017: Gastroenterology
Tatiane Jacobsen da Rocha, Mônica Silva Alves, Carolina Campelo Guisso, Fabiana Michelsen de Andrade, Analuiza Camozzato, Alcyr Alves de Oliveira, Marilu Fiegenbaum
It is well established that healthy aging, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are associated with substantial declines in episodic memory. However, there is still debate about the roles of GPX1 and GPX4 polymorphisms. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of rs1050450 and rs713041 polymorphisms with memory. This research was composed of a cross-sectional study (334 subjects) and a case-control study (108 healthy controls and 103 with AD-NINCDS/ARDA, DSM-IV-TR criteria)...
December 12, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
Rayanne B Burl, Stephanie Clough, Edward Sendler, Molly Estill, Stephen A Krawetz
Idiopathic infertility, an etiology not identified as part of standard clinical assessment, represents approximately 20% of all infertility cases. Current male infertility diagnosis focuses on the concentration, motility, and morphology of spermatozoa. This is of limited value when predicting birth success and of limited utility when selecting the optimum treatment. At fertilization, spermatozoa provide their genomic contribution, as well as a set of RNAs and proteins that have distinct roles in development...
February 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Rachel M Taylor, Roger A Sunde
The current NRC selenium (Se) requirement for turkeys is 0.2 μg Se/g diet. We previously fed turkey poults a Se-deficient diet (0.005 μg Se/g) supplemented with 10 graded levels of Se (0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0 μg Se/g as Na2SeO3, 5/treatment) for 4 wk, and found that the minimum dietary Se requirement was 0.3 μg Se/g based on selenoprotein enzyme activity in blood, liver, gizzard and pancreas. Because the turkey is primarily a production animal, we expanded this analysis to kidney, heart, breast and thigh...
2017: PloS One
Shihui Hao, Jiang Yu, Wanming He, Qiong Huang, Yang Zhao, Bishan Liang, Shuyi Zhang, Zhaowei Wen, Shumin Dong, Jinjun Rao, Wangjun Liao, Min Shi
BACKGROUND: Ferroptosis is a recently discovered form of iron-dependent nonapoptotic cell death. It is characterized by loss of the activity of the lipid repair enzyme, glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), and accumulation of lethal reactive lipid oxygen species. However, we still know relatively little about ferroptosis and its molecular mechanism in gastric cancer (GC) cells. Here, we demonstrate that erastin, a classic inducer of ferroptosis, induces this form of cell death in GC cells and that cysteine dioxygenase 1 (CDO1) plays an important role in this process...
December 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Grzegorz A Czapski, Magdalena Cieślik, Przemysław L Wencel, Sylwia Wójtowicz, Robert P Strosznajder, Joanna B Strosznajder
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the release of amyloid beta peptides (Aβ) in the form of monomers/oligomers which may lead to oxidative stress, mitochondria dysfunction, synaptic loss, neuroinflammation and, in consequence, to overactivation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1). However, Aβ peptides are also released in the brain ischemia, traumatic injury and in inflammatory response. PARP-1 is suggested to be a promising target in therapy of neurodegenerative disorders. We investigated the impact of PARP-1 inhibition on transcription of mitochondria-related genes in PC12 cells...
February 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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