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psycho pharmacology

Zuri Shahidii Kadir, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Marhani Midin, Najwa Baharuddin
Vaginismus is an involuntary muscle contraction of the outer third of vaginal barrel causing sexual penetration almost impossible. It is generally classified under sexual pain disorder (SPD). In Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th edition, it is classified under the new rubric of Genito-Pelvic Pain/Sexual Penetration Disorder. This fear-avoidance condition poses an ongoing significant challenge to the medical and health professionals due to the very demanding needs in health care despite its unpredictable prognosis...
February 22, 2017: Current Drug Targets
Alan Hakim, Chris O'Callaghan, Inge De Wandele, Lauren Stiles, Alan Pocinki, Peter Rowe
Autonomic dysfunction contributes to health-related impairment of quality of life in the hypermobile type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (hEDS). Typical signs and symptoms include tachycardia, hypotension, gastrointestinal dysmotility, and disturbed bladder function and sweating regulation. Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction may present as Orthostatic Intolerance, Orthostatic Hypotension, Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome, or Neurally Mediated Hypotension. The incidence, prevalence, and natural history of these conditions remain unquantified, but observations from specialist clinics suggest they are frequently seen in hEDS...
February 4, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
Joshua Smith, Diane G Portman, Ritika Oberoi-Jassal, Sahana Rajasekhara, Mellar P Davis
: 215 Background: Fatigue is one of common symptoms among patients with cancer. However, little is known about the pathophysiology and effective pharmacologic intervention. Methylphenidate and American Ginseng were recognized for promising results and safe to use as a single therapy. Psycho-stimulants are commonly used and are effective in moderate to severe fatigue. The mechanism behind the evidence for methylphenidate is rebalancing dopamine neurotransmission which is altered in fatigue...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Amir A Sepehry, Michael Sarai, Ging-Yuek R Hsiung
INTRODUCTION: Apathy is highly prevalent in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but whether pharmacotherapy is effective in managing apathy is unclear. METHODS: To assess the efficacy of pharmacotherapy for apathy in AD we searched for randomized controlled trials (RCT) and aggregate data reporting on apathy in several search engines, reference lists of articles, and reviews. Demographic characteristics and relevant data were extracted to assess apathy. RESULTS: Fifteen RCTs' were examined, and 11 were used in aggregate meta-analytic statistics...
February 2, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
Y Lin, J L Wang, J H Qiu, D J Zha
Chronic subjective dizziness(CSD) was defined as persistent nonvertiginous dizziness or subjective unsteadiness. Patients are hypersensitivity to motion stimuli, such as head movement and motion of objects in the visual surrounding, and have difficulty with precise visual tasks. The concept of CSD was first proposed by Staab and Ruckenstein, which indicates relationships between chronic dizziness and acute vestibular or psychiatric disorders, including neuro-otologic type, psychiatric type or interactive type...
November 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf
Dr Stefan Friedrichsdorf* speaks to Jade Parker, Commissioning Editor: Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, MD, is medical director of the Department of Pain Medicine, Palliative Care and Integrative Medicine at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, USA, home to one of the largest and most comprehensive programs of its kind in the country. The interdisciplinary pain team is devoted to prevent and treat acute, procedural, neuropathic, psycho-social-spiritual, visceral, and chronic/complex pain for all inpatients and outpatients in close collaboration with all pediatric subspecialties at Children's Minnesota...
November 30, 2016: Pain Management
Pasquale De Franciscis, Flavio Grauso, Luigi Cobellis, Enrico M Messalli, Gaspare Cucinella, Antonino Perino, Nicola Colacurci, Marco Torella
PURPOSE: to compare outcomes of endometrial ablation with monopolar versus bipolar resection on uterine bleeding and psychophysical wellbeing. METHODS: In a prospective randomized study, 100 peri-menopausal patients, without desire of pregnancy and with no response to pharmacological treatment, underwent endometrial ablation from 2012 to 2014. They were randomly divided in two groups: 50 patients treated with monopolar electrode resection loop (group A) and 50 patients treated with bipolar electrode resection loop (group B)...
November 15, 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
Anna M Aloisi, Vanna Berlincioni, Riccardo Torta, Rossella E Nappi, Cristina Tassorelli, Francesco Barale, Valentina Ieraci, Emanuele M Giusti, Giada Pietrabissa, Stefano Tamburin, Gian M Manzoni, Gianluca Castelnuovo
Pain is frequent in patients undergoing neurorehabilitation, but there is a number of still unanswered questions on this topic. The Italian Consensus Conference on Pain in Neurorehabilitation (ICCPN) was constituted with the purpose to identify the best practices that can be used in this context. In this article we summarize the existing evidence and recommendations provided by the ICCPN about the role of gender, psycho-social factors and anthropological-cultural dimensions on pain in neurorehabilitation. Sex, gender, psycho-social variables, anthropological and cultural features may influence pain expression, and its pharmacological and non-pharmacological outcome, but the role of these factors has not been consistently explored in neurorehabilitation...
October 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
A Stansal, I Lazareth, M D'Ussel, P Priollet
Chronic vascular wounds are often painful. Pain can develop whatever the cause of the ulceration. It is well known during wound care but can occur at any time. The pain is often a complex phenomenon involving nociceptive pain, neuropathic pain, anxiety and emotional suffering, all directly related to the chronic disease. Care for the patient suffering from pain must take into consideration all of these aspects of the disease. The therapeutic strategy should rely on the use of different pharmacological agents, well-adapted local care using the different available analgesic tools and include psycho-affective care...
September 2016: Journal des Maladies Vasculaires
Agnès Weill-Chounlamountry, Jorge Alves, Pascale Pradat-Diehl
Posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) is a rare neurodegenerative condition characterized by progressive visual-perceptual deficits. Although the neurocognitive profile of PCA is a growing and relatively well-established field, non-pharmacological care remains understudied and to be widely established in clinical practice. In the present work we review the available literature on non-pharmacological approaches for PCA, such as cognitive rehabilitation including individual cognitive exercises and compensatory techniques to improve autonomy in daily life, and psycho-education aiming to inform people with PCA about the nature of their visual deficits and limits of cognitive rehabilitation...
August 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Manju Aswath, Lakshmi V Pandit, Karthik Kashyap, Raguram Ramnath
Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) is a phenomenon, in which afflicted women experience spontaneous genital arousal, unresolved by orgasms and triggered by sexual or nonsexual stimuli, eliciting stress. The current case is a 40-year-old female who experienced such orgasms for about a month. Physical examination, investigations, and psychological testing were noncontributory. Carbamazepine (600 mg) was discontinued due to a lack of response. She improved significantly with supportive therapy. Various neuropsychological conditions, pelvic pathology, medications, etc...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Maria S Vuorilehto, Tarja K Melartin, Kirsi Riihimäki, Erkki T Isometsä
BACKGROUND: Primary health care bears the main responsibility for treating depression in most countries. However, few studies have comprehensively investigated provision of pharmacological and psychosocial treatments, their continuity, or patient attitudes and adherence to treatment in primary care. METHODS: In the Vantaa Primary Care Depression Study, 1111 consecutive primary care patients in the City of Vantaa, Finland, were screened for depression with Prime-MD, and 137 were diagnosed with DSM-IV depressive disorders via SCID-I/P and SCID-II interviews...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Lieke J A Hassink-Franke, Mijnke M M Janssen, Guy Oehlen, Patricia A M van Deurzen, Jan K Buitelaar, Michel Wensing, Peter L B J Lucassen
BACKGROUND: Most general practitioners (GPs) do not feel comfortable with diagnosing and treating children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This is problematic since ADHD is a prevalent disorder and an active role of GPs is desired. In the Netherlands a collaborative ADHD programme was established, comprising of shortened diagnostic assessment in specialized mental healthcare followed by psycho-education in mental healthcare and pharmacological treatment by pre-trained GPs...
September 2016: European Journal of General Practice
E J M Pearson, M E Morris, M di Stefano, C E McKinstry
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is common and can be distressing for some survivors. There is increasing interest in measuring levels of CRF, highlighting its impact on quality of life. This review describes the nature and scope of evidence relating to interventions for CRF. Scoping review methodology was used to identify studies, extract data, collate and summarise results. Data were collated according to cancer tumour streams, stage of illness and the types of trial interventions. A total of 447 trials and 37 systematic reviews met the inclusion criteria...
June 2, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
E D Bazhanova, Yu O Kozlova, V N Anisimov, D S Sukhanov, D L Teply
Neurodegenerative changes and neuronal death are the basis for development of the nervous system aging. We investigated the mechanism of apoptosis of the sensorimotor cortex neurons of transgenic mice HER2/neu during aging, changes in the cortex function and the participation of exogenous neurometabolites (cytoflavin, piracetam) in regulation of neuronal death and locomotor and psycho-emotional status of mice. The level of apoptosis and expression of apoptosis markers (TUNEL, immunohistochemistry, Western blotting) in HER2/neu transgenic mice as compared to wild type mice (FBV line) were determined...
January 2016: Zhurnal Evoliutsionnoĭ Biokhimii i Fiziologii
Oded Hammerman, David Mostofsky, Yona Louria, Gal Ifergane, Yacov Ezra
BACKGROUND: Behavioral Medicine is an inter-disciplinary field concerned with the integration of behavioral and biomedical knowledge for the purposes of diagnosis, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of conditions pertaining to health and illness. Behavioral treatments (such as: hypnosis, relaxation training, meditation, biofeedback and cognitive-behavioral therapy) have been shown to be effective in reducing physical symptoms as well as improving health-related behaviors and quality of life across a wide variety of illnesses, such as: chronic pain, somatic symptoms, diabetes, inflammatory bowel diseases, coronary heart disease and more...
February 2016: Harefuah
Ramon F Abarquez, Paul Ferdinand M Reganit, Carmen N Chungunco, Jean Alcover, Felix Eduardo R Punzalan, Eugenio B Reyes, Elleen L Cunanan
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (HF) disease as an emerging epidemic has a high economic-psycho-social burden, hospitalization, readmission, morbidity and mortality rates despite many clinical practice guidelines' evidenced-based and consensus driven recommendations that include trials' initial-baseline data. OBJECTIVE: To show that the survival and hospitalization-free event rates in the reviewed chronic HF clinical practice guidelines' class I-A recommendations as initial HF drug therapy (IDT) is possibly a combination and 'start-to-end' synergistic effect of the add-on ('end') HF drug therapy (ADT) to the baseline ('start') HF drug therapy (BDT)...
March 2016: ASEAN Heart Journal: Official Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Cardiology
Stefano Porcelli, Oriana Bianchini, Giovanni De Girolamo, Eugenio Aguglia, Luciana Crea, Alessandro Serretti
OBJECTIVE: Relapses represent one of the main problems of schizophrenia management. This article reviews the clinical factors associated with schizophrenia relapse. METHODS: A research of the last 22 years of literature data was performed. Two-hundred nineteen studies have been included. RESULTS: Three main groups of factors are related to relapse: factors associated with pharmacological treatment, add-on psychotherapeutic treatments and general risk factors...
2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Robert T M van Dongen, Han Samwel, Inge J J Arnts, Monique A H Steegers, Elbert A Joosten, Maarten van Kleef
Pain relief in patients with chronic neuropathic pain can be difficult to accomplish. If pharmacological treatment combined with a form of physical therapy and psychological support does not lead to improvement, nerve blocks and rehabilitation can be considered. Appropriately screened patients with persistent incapacitating pain may respond to neuromodulation. A specific form of this technique - spinal cord stimulation - delivers electric pulses via an implanted electrode connected to a battery in the epidural space around the spinal cord...
2015: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
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