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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855750/short-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-eating-more-carbohydrates-and-less-dietary-fat-in-mexican-american-children
#1
Suzanna M Martinez, Jeanne M Tschann, Nancy F Butte, Steve E Gregorich, Carlos Penilla, Elena Flores, Louise C Greenspan, Lauri A Pasch, Julianna Deardorff
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Short sleep duration is a risk factor for childhood obesity. Mechanisms are unclear, but may involve selection of high carbohydrate foods. This study examined the association between estimated sleep duration and macronutrient intake as percentages of total energy among Mexican American (MA) 9-11 year olds. METHODS: This cross-sectional study measured diet using two 24-hour recalls and estimated sleep duration using hip-worn accelerometry in MA children (n=247) who were part of a cohort study...
November 14, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769147/effects-of-a-12-week-aerobic-exercise-intervention-on-eating-behaviour-food-cravings-and-7-day-energy-intake-and-energy-expenditure-in-inactive-men
#2
Joel Rocha, Jenny Paxman, Caroline Dalton, Edward Winter, David R Broom
This study examined effects of 12 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on eating behaviour, food cravings, and weekly energy intake and expenditure in inactive men. Eleven healthy men (mean ± SD: age, 26 ± 5 years; body mass index, 24.6 ± 3.8 kg·m(-2); maximum oxygen uptake, 43.1 ± 7.4 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) completed the 12-week supervised exercise programme. Body composition, health markers (e.g., blood pressure), eating behaviour, food cravings, and weekly energy intake and expenditure were assessed before and after the exercise intervention...
July 15, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527001/estradiol-shbg-and-leptin-interplay-with-food-craving-and-intake-across-the-menstrual-cycle
#3
Sridevi Krishnan, Rebecca R Tryon, William F Horn, Lucas Welch, Nancy L Keim
OBJECTIVE: To understand the association between ovarian hormones, non-acute satiety hormones and craving calorie dense foods in the luteal phase. METHODS: 17 premenopausal women, mean age 23.2 y, mean BMI 22.4kg/m(2) with regular menstrual cycles were studied during late follicular (FP) and luteal phases (LP). Estradiol, progesterone, DHEAS, SHBG, insulin and leptin, were measured in fasting samples. The validated Food Craving Inventory was used to record the types of foods volunteers habitually ate - rich in fat, carbohydrate or sweet taste, as well as craved during the LP of their menstrual cycle...
October 15, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498606/long-term-effects-of-repeated-prefrontal-cortex-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-on-food-craving-in-normal-and-overweight-young-adults
#4
M Ljubisavljevic, K Maxood, J Bjekic, J Oommen, N Nagelkerke
BACKGROUND: The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) plays an important role in the regulation of food intake. Several previous studies demonstrated that a single session of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the DLPFC reduces food craving and caloric intake. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that repeated tDCS of the right DLPFC cortex may exert long-term changes in food craving in young, healthy adults and that these changes may differ between normal and overweight subjects...
July 15, 2016: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222427/food-cravings-food-addiction-and-a-dopamine-resistant-drd2-a1-receptor-polymorphism-in-asian-american-college-students
#5
Joanna Yeh, Amy Trang, Susanne M Henning, Holly Wilhalme, Catherine Carpenter, David Heber, Zhaoping Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In an era where obesity remains an important public health concern, food addiction has emerged as a possible contributor to obesity. The DRD2 gene is the most studied polymorphism. The aim of this study was to investigate a relationship between food addiction questionnaires, body composition measurements, and a dopamine- resistant receptor polymorphism (DRD2 A1) among Asian Americans. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 84 Asian American college students were recruited...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199566/diet-versus-exercise-in-weight-loss-and-maintenance-focus-on-tryptophan
#6
REVIEW
Barbara Strasser, Dietmar Fuchs
An association between mood disturbance, the inability to lose or to stop gaining weight, and a craving for carbohydrates is manifested by many people who are overweight or are becoming so. In a recent study, we observed that low-calorie weight loss diet lowered not only levels of leptin but also levels of essential amino acid tryptophan (TRP) significantly. The disturbed metabolism of TRP might affect biosynthesis of serotonin and could thereby increase the susceptibility for mood disturbances and carbohydrate craving, increasing the cessation probability of weight reduction programs...
2016: International Journal of Tryptophan Research: IJTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984412/brain-dopamine-and-serotonin-transporter-binding-are-associated-with-visual-attention-bias-for-food-in-lean-men
#7
K E Koopman, A Roefs, D C E Elbers, E Fliers, J Booij, M J Serlie, S E la Fleur
BACKGROUND: In rodents, the striatal dopamine (DA) system and the (hypo)thalamic serotonin (5-HT) system are involved in the regulation of feeding behavior. In lean humans, little is known about the relationship between these brain neurotransmitter systems and feeding. We studied the relationship between striatal DA transporters (DAT) and diencephalic 5-HT transporters (SERT), behavioral tasks and questionnaires, and food intake. METHOD: We measured striatal DAT and diencephalic SERT binding with [123I]FP-CIT SPECT in 36 lean male subjects...
June 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26965348/circadian-rhythms-and-sleep-regulation-in-seasonal-affective-disorder
#8
A Wirz-Justice, K Kräuchi, D P Brunner, P Graw, H J Haug, G Leonhardt, A Sarrafzadeh, J English, J Arendt
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is characterised by recurrent episodes in autumn and winter of depression, hypersomnia, augmented appetite with carbohydrate craving, and weight gain, and can be successfully treated with bright light. Circadian rhythm hypotheses (summarized in) have stimulated research into the pathophysiology of SAD, postulating that: 1.The illness is a consequence of delayed phase position, 2.It is correlated with diminished circadian amplitude, or 3.It results from changes in the nocturnal duration between dusk and dawn e...
June 1995: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26887191/that-craving-for-dessert
#9
Ferris Jabr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26546883/a-randomised-trial-comparing-low-fat-diets-differing-in-carbohydrate-and-protein-ratio-combined-with-regular-moderate-intensity-exercise-on-glycaemic-control-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-food-cravings-cognitive-function-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-adults
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nerylee Ann Watson, Kathryn Ann Dyer, Jonathan David Buckley, Grant David Brinkworth, Alison Mary Coates, Gaynor Parfitt, Peter Ranald Charles Howe, Manny Noakes, Louise Dye, Helen Chadwick, Karen Joy Murphy
BACKGROUND: Hypocaloric low-fat diets, high in protein with moderate carbohydrate (HP) can enhance weight loss, improve glycaemic control and improve cardiometabolic health risk factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, it is unclear whether the metabolic benefits observed during weight loss are sustained during energy-balance and weight maintenance. Furthermore, there is a lack of evidence regarding the effect of HP diets on food cravings, cognitive function and psychological wellbeing in T2DM, despite carbohydrate food cravings, cognitive impairment and depression being associated with hyperglycaemia...
November 2015: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26496766/a-prospective-study-of-appetite-and-food-craving-in-30-patients-with-cushing-s-disease
#11
Eliza B Geer, Yelena Lalazar, Lizette M Couto, Vanessa Cohen, Lianna R Lipton, Wei Shi, Emilia Bagiella, Irene Conwell, Joshua Bederson, Jane Kostadinov, Kalmon D Post, Pamela U Freda
CONTEXT: Glucocorticoid (GC) exposure increases food intake, but the mechanisms in humans are not known. Investigation of appetite and food craving has not been done in patients with chronic GC exposure due to Cushing's disease (CD), either before or after treatment, and could provide insight into mechanisms of food intake and obesity in these patients. PURPOSE: To examine whether surgical remission of CD changes appetite (prospective consumption, hunger, satisfaction, and fullness) and food cravings (sweet, salty, fatty, and savory); and to identify predictors of appetite and craving in CD remission...
April 2016: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26414337/varenicline-for-treatment-of-alcohol-dependence-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andrea de Bejczy, Elin Löf, Lisa Walther, Joar Guterstam, Anders Hammarberg, Gulber Asanovska, Johan Franck, Anders Isaksson, Bo Söderpalm
BACKGROUND: Alcohol dependence is a devastating illness affecting a large population, and new pharmacological treatments with good efficacy are greatly needed. One potential candidate is varenicline, a smoking cessation agent with partial agonist action at α4 β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. METHODS: A total of 160 subjects, 30 to 70 years of age, fulfilling DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence without any serious physical or mental disorders, were recruited through advertisement at 3 university clinics in Sweden during March 2009 to January 2011...
November 2015: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26327446/food-craving-and-obesity-in-survivors-of-pediatric-all-and-lymphoma
#13
Marissa Shams-White, Michael J Kelly, Cheryl Gilhooly, Shanshan Liu, Aviva Must, Susan K Parsons, Edward Saltzman, Fang Fang Zhang
Cancer treatment can impact the hypothalamic-pituitary region of the developing brain, impairing appetite regulation and causing food craving in children who have survived cancer. We assessed food craving using a modified Food Craving Inventory in 22 survivors of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and lymphoma (median age = 11.7 years) and evaluated its association with treatment exposure and changes in weight status over a one-year period. Mean total craving score was 2.1 (SD = 0.7). Survivors reported significantly higher mean craving score for fast-foods [2...
January 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26262570/food-craving-as-a-mediator-between-addictive-like-eating-and-problematic-eating-outcomes
#14
Michelle A Joyner, Ashley N Gearhardt, Marney A White
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest and debate about whether an addictive process contributes to problematic eating outcomes, such as obesity. Craving is a core component of addiction, but there has been little research on the relationship between addictive-like eating, craving, and eating-related concerns. In the current study, we examine the effect of both overall food craving and craving for different types of food on the relationship between addictive-like eating symptoms and elevated body mass index (BMI) and binge eating episodes...
December 2015: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26176574/does-consuming-sugar-and-artificial-sweeteners-change-taste-preferences
#15
Carole Bartolotto
Americans consume 22.3 teaspoons of added caloric sweeteners a day. Sweeteners range from 180 to 13,000 times sweeter than sugar. In summer 2014, 20 people from Kaiser Permanente California facilities cut out all added sugars and artificial sweeteners for 2 weeks: 95% of participants found that sweet foods and drinks tasted sweeter or too sweet, 75% found that other foods tasted sweeter, and 95% said moving forward they would use less or even no sugar. Additionally, 86.6% of participants stopped craving sugar after 6 days...
2015: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26099686/early-pregnancy-cravings-dietary-intake-and-development-of-abnormal-glucose-tolerance
#16
Leslie V Farland, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Matthew W Gillman
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationships between pregnancy cravings, maternal diet, and development of abnormal glucose tolerance. OBJECTIVES: We examined relationships of pregnancy cravings with dietary intake and risk of developing isolated hyperglycemia (IH), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), or gestational diabetes (GDM) later in pregnancy. DESIGN/SETTING: Among 2,022 mothers in Project Viva, a prospective birth cohort recruited from medical practices in eastern Massachusetts between 1999 and 2002, we assessed type of pregnancy craving based on self-report at mean gestation of 10...
December 2015: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25665466/sugar-fat-and-protein-new-insights-into-what-t-cells-crave
#17
REVIEW
Greg M Delgoffe, Jonathan D Powell
T cell activation and differentiation is a complex process that has evolved beyond the two-signal model to a number of varied and opposing inputs that must be interpreted to make a cell fate decision. While stimulation through the TCR, costimulatory, and cytokine receptors is required, metabolic signaling has emerged not only as an activation signal, but also one that can influence and shape differentiation. Recent findings have revealed unappreciated roles for glucose, fatty acids, and salt in the function of many T cell subsets...
April 2015: Current Opinion in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25485685/glucokinase-activity-in-the-arcuate-nucleus-regulates-glucose-intake
#18
Syed Hussain, Errol Richardson, Yue Ma, Christopher Holton, Ivan De Backer, Niki Buckley, Waljit Dhillo, Gavin Bewick, Shuai Zhang, David Carling, Steve Bloom, James Gardiner
The brain relies on a constant supply of glucose, its primary fuel, for optimal function. A taste-independent mechanism within the CNS that promotes glucose delivery to the brain has been postulated to maintain glucose homeostasis; however, evidence for such a mechanism is lacking. Here, we determined that glucokinase activity within the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus is involved in regulation of dietary glucose intake. In fasted rats, glucokinase activity was specifically increased in the arcuate nucleus but not other regions of the hypothalamus...
January 2015: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25454114/impact-of-dsm-5-ptsd-and-gender-on-impaired-eating-behaviors-in-512-italian-earthquake-survivors
#19
Claudia Carmassi, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Gabriele Massimetti, Mario Miniati, Paolo Stratta, Alessandro Rossi, Liliana Dell'Osso
Considerable comorbidity rates between Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and eating disorders have been recently reported, as well as increased obesity and underweight conditions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible associations between DSM-5 PTSD, gender and impaired eating habits in a sample of 512 Italian earthquake survivors evaluated by the Trauma and Loss Spectrum-Self Report (TALS-SR) and the Mood Spectrum-Self Report (MOODS-SR). Alterations in eating behaviors were assessed by means of four MOODS-SR items: n=150 (…there was no food that appealed to you or tasted good to you?), n=151 (…you constantly craved sweets or carbohydrates?), n=152 (…your appetite or weight decreased?), n=153 (…your appetite or weight increased?)...
January 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25443061/longitudinal-trends-in-food-cravings-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-an-adolescent-sample
#20
Christopher C Cushing, James L Peugh, Cassie S Brode, Thomas H Inge, Stephen C Benoit, Meg H Zeller
BACKGROUND: Food cravings are more prevalent and potentially problematic for many individuals with obesity. Initial evidence suggests that bariatric surgery has some short-term beneficial effects on cravings in adults, but little is known about the effect on adolescents or the trajectory beyond 6 months. METHODS: The purpose of the present study was to determine the longitudinal effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on food cravings in a sample of adolescents with severe obesity (body mass index (BMI)≥40 kg/m2)...
January 2015: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
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