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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901656/the-effects-of-seasonal-affective-disorder-and-alcohol-abuse-on-sleep-and-snoring-functions-in-a-population-based-study-in-finland
#1
Isabel Morales-Muñoz, Seppo Koskinen, Timo Partonen
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a recurrent depressive disorder with a seasonal pattern. In addition to some specific symptoms such as sad mood, low energy or carbohydrate craving, this mood disorder is also characterized by the presence of sleeping problems and alcohol disorders. Interestingly, there is a strong link between alcohol use and sleeping deficits. Although previous studies have focused extensively on the sleep patterns in SAD patients and patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD), no research has yet been conducted on subjects with comorbid SAD and AUD...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859162/foods-are-differentially-associated-with-subjective-effect-report-questions-of-abuse-liability
#2
Erica M Schulte, Julia K Smeal, Ashley N Gearhardt
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigates which foods may be most implicated in addictive-like eating by examining how nutritionally diverse foods relate to loss of control consumption and various subjective effect reports. Subjective effect reports assess the abuse liabilities of substances and may similarly provide insight into which foods may be reinforcing in a manner that triggers an addictive-like response for some individuals. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Online community...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712531/the-role-of-tryptophan-metabolism-and-food-craving-in-the-relationship-between-obesity-and-bipolar-disorder
#3
N Dalkner, M Platzer, S A Bengesser, A Birner, F T Fellendorf, R Queissner, A Painold, H Mangge, D Fuchs, B Reininghaus, H P Kapfhammer, S J Holasek, E Z Reininghaus
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) have a significantly increased risk of obesity-related conditions. The imbalance between food intake and energy expenditure is assumed to be a major risk factor for obesity in BD. This study analyzed food craving in relation to anthropometric, metabolic, and neurobiological parameters in a well-characterized cohort of euthymic individuals with BD. METHODS: One-hundred-thirty-five patients completed the Food-Craving Inventory assessing four categories of food craving (fat, fast-food, sweets and carbohydrate craving)...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701972/the-effects-of-a-normal-rate-versus-a-slow-intervalled-rate-of-oral-nutrient-intake-and-intravenous-low-rate-macronutrient-application-on-psychophysical-function-two-pilot-studies
#4
Melanie Y Denzer-Lippmann, Stephan Bachlechner, Jan Wielopolski, Marie Fischer, Andrea Buettner, Arndt Doerfler, Christof Schöfl, Gerald Münch, Johannes Kornhuber, Norbert Thürauf
Stomach distension and energy per time are factors influencing satiety. Moreover, different rates of nutrient intake induce different stomach distension. The goal of our studies was to elucidate the influence of different oral rates of nutrient intake (normal rate versus slow intervalled rate; study I) and intravenous low rate macronutrient application (protein, carbohydrate, fat) or placebo (study II) on psychophysical function. The pilot studies investigated the effects of 1) study I: a mixed nutrient solution (1/3 protein, 1/3 fat, 1/3 carbohydrates) 2) study II: intravenous macronutrient infusions (protein, carbohydrate, fat) or placebo on psychophysical function (mood, hunger, food craving, alertness, smell intensity ratings and hedonic ratings) in human subjects...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537802/seasonal-pattern-in-bipolar-disorders-and-cardio-vascular-risk-factors-a-study-from-the-face-bd-cohort
#5
Pierre A Geoffroy, Ophelia Godin, Diane Mahee, Chantal Henry, Valérie Aubin, Jean-Michel Azorin, Thierry Bougerol, Philippe Courtet, Sébastien Gard, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Christine Passerieux, Marion Leboyer, Frank Bellivier, Bruno Etain
Seasonal pattern (SP) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are major contributors to poor outcome in bipolar disorders (BD). Patients with seasonal bipolar depression present increased appetite, carbohydrate cravings, weight gain, and hypersomnia, which can increase the development of MetS. MetS also appears to be associated with seasonal mood changes in the general population. This study examines whether a SP in BD is associated with an increased risk of MetS and its sub-components. One thousand four hundred and seventy-one outpatients with BD were systematically enrolled from 2009 to 2016...
May 24, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375878/carbohydrate-craving-not-everything-is-sweet
#6
Yue Ma, Risheka Ratnasabapathy, James Gardiner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cravings for carbohydrates have been known about for hundreds of years but the mechanisms behind it were unclear. This review will highlight recent advances in our knowledge of mechanisms to detect carbohydrates in the diet. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent work has begun to identify the physiological mechanisms by which carbohydrates and glucose are detected and how this drives their intake. Recently, evidence has been found for systems that regulate carbohydrate and glucose intake via taste, hedonic, and homeostatic pathways...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364591/seasonal-affective-disorder-and-alcohol-abuse-disorder-in-a-population-based-study
#7
Isabel Morales-Muñoz, Seppo Koskinen, Timo Partonen
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a recurrent major depressive disorder with a seasonal pattern, which is characterized by sad mood, low energy, longer sleep duration and carbohydrate craving. Furthermore, seasonal changes in mood and behavior may be closely related to alcohol use disorder (AUD). Nevertheless, there is scarce research on the study of cognitive impairments in SAD and AUD. We aimed to examine the relationship between the prevalence between SAD and AUD patients, and how cognitive functioning might be related to these variables...
March 18, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364488/short-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-eating-more-carbohydrates-and-less-dietary-fat-in-mexican-american-children
#8
Suzanna M Martinez, Jeanne M Tschann, Nancy F Butte, Steve E Gregorich, Carlos Penilla, Elena Flores, Louise C Greenspan, Lauri A Pasch, Julianna Deardorff
Study Objective: Short sleep duration is a risk factor for childhood obesity. Mechanisms are unclear, but may involve selection of high carbohydrate foods. This study examined the association between estimated sleep duration and macronutrient intake as percentages of total energy among Mexican American (MA) 9-11 year olds. Methods: This cross-sectional study measured diet using two 24-hour recalls and estimated sleep duration using hip-worn accelerometry in MA children (n = 247) who were part of a cohort study...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148682/dietary-protein-modifies-the-effect-of-the-mc4r-genotype-on-2-year-changes-in-appetite-and-food-craving-the-pounds-lost-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tao Huang, Yan Zheng, Adela Hruby, Donald A Williamson, George A Bray, Yiru Shen, Frank M Sacks, Lu Qi
Background: The melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) plays a pivotal role in the regulation of appetite and eating behavior. Variants in the MC4R gene have been related to appetite and obesity.Objective: We aimed to examine whether weight-loss diets modified the effect of the "obesity-predisposing" MC4R genotype on appetite-related measures in a randomized controlled trial.Methods: A total of 811 overweight and obese subjects [25 ≤ body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)) ≤ 40] aged 30-70 y were included in the 2-y POUNDS Lost (Preventing Overweight Using Novel Dietary Strategies) trial...
March 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038436/examining-the-effects-of-cigarette-smoking-on-food-cravings-and-intake-depressive-symptoms-and-stress
#10
Ariana M Chao, Marney A White, Carlos M Grilo, Rajita Sinha
PURPOSE: This study examined the relationships among smoking status and total and specific types of food cravings (i.e., high-fats, sweets, fast-food fats, and complex carbohydrates/starches) and the influence of demographic, clinical, and psychological factors on this relationship. METHODS: Seven-hundred and twelve adults completed measures of food cravings, dietary intake, and smoking history. Heights and weights were measured. Data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analyses while adjusting for demographic, clinical, and psychological covariates...
January 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855750/short-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-eating-more-carbohydrates-and-less-dietary-fat-in-mexican-american-children
#11
Suzanna M Martinez, Jeanne M Tschann, Nancy F Butte, Steve E Gregorich, Carlos Penilla, Elena Flores, Louise C Greenspan, Lauri A Pasch, Julianna Deardorff
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Short sleep duration is a risk factor for childhood obesity. Mechanisms are unclear, but may involve selection of high carbohydrate foods. This study examined the association between estimated sleep duration and macronutrient intake as percentages of total energy among Mexican American (MA) 9-11 year olds. METHODS: This cross-sectional study measured diet using two 24-hour recalls and estimated sleep duration using hip-worn accelerometry in MA children (n=247) who were part of a cohort study...
November 14, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769147/effects-of-a-12-week-aerobic-exercise-intervention-on-eating-behaviour-food-cravings-and-7-day-energy-intake-and-energy-expenditure-in-inactive-men
#12
Joel Rocha, Jenny Paxman, Caroline Dalton, Edward Winter, David R Broom
This study examined effects of 12 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on eating behaviour, food cravings, and weekly energy intake and expenditure in inactive men. Eleven healthy men (mean ± SD: age, 26 ± 5 years; body mass index, 24.6 ± 3.8 kg·m(-2); maximum oxygen uptake, 43.1 ± 7.4 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) completed the 12-week supervised exercise programme. Body composition, health markers (e.g., blood pressure), eating behaviour, food cravings, and weekly energy intake and expenditure were assessed before and after the exercise intervention...
November 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527001/estradiol-shbg-and-leptin-interplay-with-food-craving-and-intake-across-the-menstrual-cycle
#13
Sridevi Krishnan, Rebecca R Tryon, William F Horn, Lucas Welch, Nancy L Keim
OBJECTIVE: To understand the association between ovarian hormones, non-acute satiety hormones and craving calorie dense foods in the luteal phase. METHODS: 17 premenopausal women, mean age 23.2 y, mean BMI 22.4kg/m(2) with regular menstrual cycles were studied during late follicular (FP) and luteal phases (LP). Estradiol, progesterone, DHEAS, SHBG, insulin and leptin, were measured in fasting samples. The validated Food Craving Inventory was used to record the types of foods volunteers habitually ate - rich in fat, carbohydrate or sweet taste, as well as craved during the LP of their menstrual cycle...
October 15, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498606/long-term-effects-of-repeated-prefrontal-cortex-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-on-food-craving-in-normal-and-overweight-young-adults
#14
M Ljubisavljevic, K Maxood, J Bjekic, J Oommen, N Nagelkerke
BACKGROUND: The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) plays an important role in the regulation of food intake. Several previous studies demonstrated that a single session of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the DLPFC reduces food craving and caloric intake. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that repeated tDCS of the right DLPFC cortex may exert long-term changes in food craving in young, healthy adults and that these changes may differ between normal and overweight subjects...
November 2016: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222427/food-cravings-food-addiction-and-a-dopamine-resistant-drd2-a1-receptor-polymorphism-in-asian-american-college-students
#15
Joanna Yeh, Amy Trang, Susanne M Henning, Holly Wilhalme, Catherine Carpenter, David Heber, Zhaoping Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In an era where obesity remains an important public health concern, food addiction has emerged as a possible contributor to obesity. The DRD2 gene is the most studied polymorphism. The aim of this study was to investigate a relationship between food addiction questionnaires, body composition measurements, and a dopamine- resistant receptor polymorphism (DRD2 A1) among Asian Americans. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 84 Asian American college students were recruited...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199566/diet-versus-exercise-in-weight-loss-and-maintenance-focus-on-tryptophan
#16
REVIEW
Barbara Strasser, Dietmar Fuchs
An association between mood disturbance, the inability to lose or to stop gaining weight, and a craving for carbohydrates is manifested by many people who are overweight or are becoming so. In a recent study, we observed that low-calorie weight loss diet lowered not only levels of leptin but also levels of essential amino acid tryptophan (TRP) significantly. The disturbed metabolism of TRP might affect biosynthesis of serotonin and could thereby increase the susceptibility for mood disturbances and carbohydrate craving, increasing the cessation probability of weight reduction programs...
2016: International Journal of Tryptophan Research: IJTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984412/brain-dopamine-and-serotonin-transporter-binding-are-associated-with-visual-attention-bias-for-food-in-lean-men
#17
K E Koopman, A Roefs, D C E Elbers, E Fliers, J Booij, M J Serlie, S E la Fleur
BACKGROUND: In rodents, the striatal dopamine (DA) system and the (hypo)thalamic serotonin (5-HT) system are involved in the regulation of feeding behavior. In lean humans, little is known about the relationship between these brain neurotransmitter systems and feeding. We studied the relationship between striatal DA transporters (DAT) and diencephalic 5-HT transporters (SERT), behavioral tasks and questionnaires, and food intake. METHOD: We measured striatal DAT and diencephalic SERT binding with [123I]FP-CIT SPECT in 36 lean male subjects...
June 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26965348/circadian-rhythms-and-sleep-regulation-in-seasonal-affective-disorder
#18
A Wirz-Justice, K Kräuchi, D P Brunner, P Graw, H J Haug, G Leonhardt, A Sarrafzadeh, J English, J Arendt
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is characterised by recurrent episodes in autumn and winter of depression, hypersomnia, augmented appetite with carbohydrate craving, and weight gain, and can be successfully treated with bright light. Circadian rhythm hypotheses (summarized in) have stimulated research into the pathophysiology of SAD, postulating that: 1.The illness is a consequence of delayed phase position, 2.It is correlated with diminished circadian amplitude, or 3.It results from changes in the nocturnal duration between dusk and dawn e...
June 1995: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26887191/that-craving-for-dessert
#19
Ferris Jabr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26546883/a-randomised-trial-comparing-low-fat-diets-differing-in-carbohydrate-and-protein-ratio-combined-with-regular-moderate-intensity-exercise-on-glycaemic-control-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-food-cravings-cognitive-function-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-adults
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nerylee Ann Watson, Kathryn Ann Dyer, Jonathan David Buckley, Grant David Brinkworth, Alison Mary Coates, Gaynor Parfitt, Peter Ranald Charles Howe, Manny Noakes, Louise Dye, Helen Chadwick, Karen Joy Murphy
BACKGROUND: Hypocaloric low-fat diets, high in protein with moderate carbohydrate (HP) can enhance weight loss, improve glycaemic control and improve cardiometabolic health risk factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, it is unclear whether the metabolic benefits observed during weight loss are sustained during energy-balance and weight maintenance. Furthermore, there is a lack of evidence regarding the effect of HP diets on food cravings, cognitive function and psychological wellbeing in T2DM, despite carbohydrate food cravings, cognitive impairment and depression being associated with hyperglycaemia...
November 2015: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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