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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823045/killing-activity-of-lfchimera-on-periodontopathic-bacteria-and-multispecies-oral-biofilm-formation-in-vitro
#1
Sopita Ruangcharoen, Waraporn Suwannarong, Marie Rossini Carmela T Lachica, Jan G M Bolscher, Kamran Nazmi, Watcharee Khunkitti, Suwimol Taweechaisupapong
Lactoferrin chimera (LFchimera), a heterodimeric peptide containing lactoferrampin (LFampin265-284) and a part of lactoferricin (LFcin17-30), possesses a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity. However, there is no report on the inhibitory effects of LFchimera against multispecies oral biofilms. This study aimed to determine the effects of LFchimera in comparison to chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) and minocycline hydrochloride (MH), on in vitro multispecies biofilms derived from subgingival plaque of periodontitis patients harboring Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans...
August 19, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822159/-effect-of-sodium-houttuyfonate-in-combination-with-erythromycin-on-luxs-agr-rna%C3%A2-of-staphylococus-epidermidis
#2
Gan-Fei Xu, Jing-Jing Wang, Da-Qiang Wu, Yan Guan
Quorum sensing of bacteria and its specific gene expression regulation have a very important role in bacterial biofilm formation. LuxS and agr are the key regulatory genes in quorum sensing of Staphylococcus epidermidis, and RNA Ⅲ is the effector molecule of agr system. In order to evaluate the effects of sodium houttuyfonate in combination with erythromycin on the transcription level of S. epidermidis, serial dilution method was used to determine the MIC of sodium houttuyfonate, erythromycin and vancomycin on S...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821865/identification-of-bacterial-biofilm-and-the-staphylococcus-aureus-derived-protease-staphopain-on-the-skin-surface-of-patients-with-atopic-dermatitis
#3
Andreas Sonesson, Kornelia Przybyszewska, Sigrid Eriksson, Matthias Mörgelin, Sven Kjellström, Julia Davies, Jan Potempa, Artur Schmidtchen
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by an impaired epidermal barrier, dysregulation of innate and adaptive immunity, and a high susceptibility to bacterial colonization and infection. In the present study, bacterial biofilm was visualized by electron microscopy at the surface of AD skin. Correspondingly, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) isolates from lesional skin of patients with AD, produced a substantial amount of biofilm in vitro. S. aureus biofilms showed less susceptibility to killing by the antimicrobial peptide LL-37 when compared with results obtained using planktonic cells...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821458/dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-and-quorum-sensing-signaling-in-biofilm-related-virulence-of-prevotella-aurantiaca
#4
Dareen Fteita, Ahmed Ali Musrati, Eija Könönen, Xiaochu Ma, Mervi Gürsoy, Markus Peurla, Eva Söderling, Herman O Sintim, Ulvi Kahraman Gürsoy
Biofilm formation and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) enzyme activity contribute to the virulence of oral bacteria, and these virulence factors are partly regulated by quorum sensing signaling system. We recently demonstrated that estradiol regulates growth properties and DPPIV activity of Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens, and Prevotella pallens. Here, we examined the DPPIV dependency of biofilm formation of Prevotella aurantiaca. Three strains (two clinical strains AHN 37505 and 37552 and the type strain CCUG 57723) were incubated in three estradiol concentrations (30, 90, and 120 nmol/L)...
August 15, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819217/anti-biofilm-effects-of-anthranilate-on-a-broad-range-of-bacteria
#5
Xi-Hui Li, Soo-Kyoung Kim, Joon-Hee Lee
Anthranilate, one of tryptophan degradation products has been reported to interfere with biofilm formation by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Here, we investigated the effects of anthranilate on biofilm formation by various bacteria and the mechanisms responsible. Anthranilate commonly inhibited biofilm formation by P. aeruginosa, Vibrio vulnificus, Bacillus subtilis, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, and Staphylococcus aureus, and disrupted biofilms preformed by these bacteria. Because anthranilate reduced intracellular c-di-GMP and enhanced swimming and swarming motilities in P...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818902/draft-genome-sequence-of-ideonella-sp-strain-a-288-isolated-from-an-iron-precipitating-biofilm
#6
Burga Braun, Sven Künzel, Ulrich Szewzyk
Here, we report the draft genome sequence of the betaproteobacterium Ideonella sp. strain A_228. This isolate, obtained from a bog iron ore-containing floodplain area in Germany, provides valuable information about the genetic diversity of neutrophilic iron-depositing bacteria. The Illumina NextSeq technique was used to sequence the draft genome sequence of the strain.
August 17, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815998/architects-of-nature-growing-buildings-with-bacterial-biofilms
#7
Martyn Dade-Robertson, Alona Keren-Paz, Meng Zhang, Ilana Kolodkin-Gal
In his text 'On Architecture', Vitruvius suggested that architecture is an imitation of nature. Here we discuss what happens when we begin using nature in architecture. We describe recent developments in the study of biofilm structure, and propose combining modern architecture and synthetic microbiology to develop sustainable construction approaches. Recently, Kolodkin-Gal laboratory and others revealed a role for precipitation of calcium carbonate in the maturation and assembly of bacterial communities with complex structures...
August 16, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815637/synergistic-antibacterial-and-antibiofilm-efficacy-of-nisin-in-combination-with-p-coumaric-acid-against-foodborne-bacteria-bacillus-cereus-and-salmonella-typhimurium
#8
Anwesa Bag, Rabi Ranjan Chattopadhyay
The aim of the study was to evaluate possible antibacterial and antibiofilm efficacy of a bacteriocin, nisin with two essential oil components linalool and p-coumaric acid in combination against foodborne bacteria Bacillus cereus and Salmonella typhimurium. Their inhibition effects on planktonic cells and pre-formed biofilms were evaluated using microbroth dilution and checkerboard titration methods. Nisin/ p-coumaric acid combination showed synergistic effects against planktonic cells of both the studied bacteria whereas nisin/ linalool combination showed synergistic activity against B...
August 16, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815023/antibiotic-resistance-ability-to-form-biofilm-and-susceptibility-to-copper-alloys-of-selected-staphylococcal-strains-isolated-from-touch-surfaces-in-polish-hospital-wards
#9
Anna Różańska, Agnieszka Chmielarczyk, Dorota Romaniszyn, Małgorzata Bulanda, Monika Walkowicz, Piotr Osuch, Tadeusz Knych
BACKGROUND: Despite the employment of sanitary regimes, contact transmission of the aetiological agents of hospital infections is still exceedingly common. The issue of microbe transmission becomes particularly important when facing multidrug-resistant microorganisms such as methicillin-resistant staphylococci. In the case of deficiencies in cleaning and disinfection procedures, hospital equipment made of copper alloys can play an important role, complementing traditional hospital hygiene procedures...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814955/characterization-of-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-strains-isolated-from-hospitalized-patients-in-palestine
#10
Regeen Handal, Lulu Qunibi, Ibrahim Sahouri, Maha Juhari, Rula Dawodi, Hiyam Marzouqa, Musa Hindiyeh
The American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recognizes Acinetobacter baumannii as a source of global outbreaks and epidemics especially due to its increasing resistance to commercially available antibiotics. In this study, 69 single patient multidrug resistant isolates collected from all over Palestine, except Gaza, were studied. All the isolates were resistant to all the β-lactam antibiotics including the carbapenems. Of the 69 isolates, 82.6% were positive for blaOXA-23, 14.5% were positive for blaOXA-24, and 3% were positive for blaOXA-58...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811582/a-new-class-of-hybrid-secretion-system-is-employed-in-pseudomonas-amyloid-biogenesis
#11
Sarah L Rouse, William J Hawthorne, Jamie-Lee Berry, Dror S Chorev, Sandra A Ionescu, Sebastian Lambert, Fisentzos Stylianou, Wiebke Ewert, Uma Mackie, R Marc L Morgan, Daniel Otzen, Florian-Alexander Herbst, Per H Nielsen, Morten Dueholm, Hagan Bayley, Carol V Robinson, Stephen Hare, Stephen Matthews
Gram-negative bacteria possess specialised biogenesis machineries that facilitate the export of amyloid subunits for construction of a biofilm matrix. The secretion of bacterial functional amyloid requires a bespoke outer-membrane protein channel through which unfolded amyloid substrates are translocated. Here, we combine X-ray crystallography, native mass spectrometry, single-channel electrical recording, molecular simulations and circular dichroism measurements to provide high-resolution structural insight into the functional amyloid transporter from Pseudomonas, FapF...
August 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811161/acceleration-of-electroactive-anammox-electroammox-start-up-by-switching-acetate-pre-acclimated-biofilms-to-electroammox-biofilms
#12
Jiahuan Tang, Shanshan Chen, Lingyan Huang, Xiaojuan Zhong, Guiqin Yang, Shungui Zhou
In this study, an operational method of switching acetate media to ammonium media after the formation of stable acetate-oxidizing biofilms (ACAM mode), was developed. The results showed that the start-up time was shortened to 48days in the ACAM mode compared to the AM (always ammonium media) mode (>120days), and an ammonia removal rate of 82±3% was achieved successfully and sustainably in the ACAM mode during the following long-term operation of more than 2months. Moreover, the ACAM mode was more efficient in enriching both electroammox bacteria and electricigens with Ignavibacteriaceae, Geobacteraceae and Nitrosomonadaceae as dominant families, which could favour the formation of high-performance electroammox biofilms...
August 9, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810232/microfluidic-dielectrophoresis-device-for-trapping-counting-and-detecting-shewanella-oneidensis-at-the-cell-level
#13
Xiangyu Chen, Zhiting Liang, Daobo Li, Ying Xiong, Penghui Xiong, Yong Guan, Shuangyue Hou, Yue Hu, Shan Chen, Gang Liu, Yangchao Tian
Shewanella oneidensis, a model organism for electrochemical activity bacteria, has been widely studied at the biofilm level. However, to obtain more information regarding this species, it is essential to develop an approach to trap and detect S. oneidensis at the cell level. In this study, we report a rapid and label-free microfluidic platform for trapping, counting and detecting S. oneidensis cells. A microfluidic chip was integrated with a modified dielectrophoresis (DEP) trapping technique and hole arrays of different hole sizes...
August 8, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809546/staphylococcus-aureus-cidc-is-a-pyruvate-menaquinone-oxidoreductase
#14
Xinyan Zhang, Kenneth W Bayles, Sorin Luca
Recent studies have revealed an important role for the Staphylococcus aureus CidC enzyme in cell death during the stationary phase and in biofilm development, and have contributed to our understanding of the metabolic processes important in the induction of bacterial programmed cell death (PCD). To gain more insight into the characteristics of this enzyme, we performed an in-depth biochemical and biophysical analysis of its catalytic properties. In vitro experiments show that this flavoprotein catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetate and carbon dioxide...
August 15, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808131/intercellular-communication-via-the-comx-inducing-peptide-xip-of-streptococcus-mutans
#15
Justin Kaspar, Simon A M Underhill, Robert C Shields, Adrian Reyes, Suzanne Rosenzweig, Stephen J Hagen, Robert A Burne
Gram-positive bacteria utilize exported peptides to coordinate genetic and physiological processes required for biofilm formation, stress responses and ecological competitiveness. One example is activation of natural genetic competence by ComR and the comX-inducing peptide (XIP) in Streptococcus mutans Although the competence pathway can be activated by addition of synthetic XIP in defined medium, the hypothesis that XIP is able to function as an intercellular signal molecule has not been rigorously tested...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807417/fate-and-stability-of-polyamide-associated-bacterial-assemblages-after-their-passage-through-the-digestive-tract-of-the-blue-mussel-mytilus-edulis
#16
Katharina Kesy, Alexander Hentzsch, Franziska Klaeger, Sonja Oberbeckmann, Stephanie Mothes, Matthias Labrenz
We examined whether bacterial assemblages inhabiting the synthetic polymer polyamide are selectively modified during their passage through the gut of Mytilus edulis in comparison to the biopolymer chitin with focus on potential pathogens. Specifically, we asked whether bacterial biofilms remained stable over a prolonged period of time and whether polyamide could thus serve as a vector for potential pathogenic bacteria. Bacterial diversity and identity were analysed by 16S rRNA gene fingerprints and sequencing of abundant bands...
August 11, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806528/surface-adaptive-gold-nanoparticles-with-effective-adherence-and-enhanced-photothermal-ablation-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-biofilm
#17
Dengfeng Hu, Huan Li, Bailiang Wang, Zi Ye, Wenxi Lei, Fan Jia, Qiao Jin, Ke-Feng Ren, Jian Ji
Biofilms that contribute to the persistent bacterial infections pose serious threats to global public health, mainly due to their resistance to antibiotics penetration and escaping innate immune attacks by phagocytes. Here, we report a kind of surface-adaptive gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) exhibiting (1) a self-adaptive target to the acidic microenvironment of biofilm, (2) an enhanced photothermal ablation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) biofilm under near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation, and (3) no damage to the healthy tissues around the biofilm...
August 17, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804481/the-type-vi-secretion-system-a-dynamic-system-for-bacterial-communication
#18
REVIEW
Mathias Gallique, Mathilde Bouteiller, Annabelle Merieau
Numerous studies in Gram-negative bacteria have focused on the Type VI Secretion Systems (T6SSs), Quorum Sensing (QS), and social behavior, such as in biofilms. These interconnected mechanisms are important for bacterial survival; T6SSs allow bacteria to battle other cells, QS is devoted to the perception of bacterial cell density, and biofilm formation is essentially controlled by QS. Here, we review data concerning T6SS dynamics and T6SS-QS cross-talk that suggest the existence of inter-bacterial communication via T6SSs...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803472/blue-light-switchable-bacterial-adhesion-as-a-key-step-toward-the-design-of-biofilms
#19
Fei Chen, Seraphine V Wegner
The control of where and when bacteria adhere to a substrate is a key step toward controlling the formation and organization in biofilms. This study shows how we engineer bacteria to adhere specifically to substrates with high spatial and temporal control under blue light, but not in the dark, by using photoswitchable interaction between nMag and pMag proteins. For this, we express pMag proteins on the surface of E. coli so that the bacteria can adhere to substrates with immobilized nMag protein under blue light...
August 17, 2017: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803164/electrochemically-active-microorganisms-from-an-acid-mine-drainage-affected-site-promote-cathode-oxidation-in-microbial-fuel-cells
#20
Claudia Rojas, Ignacio T Vargas, Mary Ann Bruns, John M Regan
The limited database of acidophilic or acidotolerant electrochemically active microorganisms prevents advancements on microbial fuel cells (MFCs) operated under low pH. In this study, three MFCs were used to enrich cathodic biofilms using acid mine drainage (AMD) sediments as inoculum. Linear sweep voltammetry showed cathodic current plateaus of 5.5 (±0.7) mA at about -170mV vs Ag/AgCl and 8.5 (±0.9) mA between -500mV to -450mV vs Ag/AgCl for biofilms developed on small graphite fiber brushes. After gamma irradiation, biocathodes exhibited a decrease in current density approaching that of abiotic controls...
August 3, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
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