keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sodium channel

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806224/bromodomain-containing-protein-4-activates-voltage-gated-sodium-channel-1-7-transcription-in-dorsal-root-ganglia-neurons-to-mediate-thermal-hyperalgesia-in-rats
#1
Ming-Chun Hsieh, Yu-Cheng Ho, Cheng-Yuan Lai, Hsueh-Hsiao Wang, An-Sheng Lee, Jen-Kun Cheng, Yat-Pang Chau, Hsien-Yu Peng
BACKGROUND: Bromodomain-containing protein 4 binds acetylated promoter histones and promotes transcription; however, the role of bromodomain-containing protein 4 in inflammatory hyperalgesia remains unclear. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats received hind paw injections of complete Freund's adjuvant to induce hyperalgesia. The dorsal root ganglia were examined to detect changes in bromodomain-containing protein 4 expression and the activation of genes involved in the expression of voltage-gated sodium channel 1...
August 11, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804872/lacosamide-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-epilepsy-and-intellectual-disabilities-a-long-term-study-of-136-patients
#2
Stefan Böttcher, Martin T Lutz, Thomas Mayer
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the retention rate of lacosamide (LCM) in patients with epilepsy and intellectual disabilities (IDs), to identify factors influencing retention rate, and to investigate the LCM retention rate with and without concomitant sodium channel blocker (SCB). We hypothesized that the retention rate of LCM with concomitant SCB would be lower than without SCB. METHODS: Using the Kaplan-Meier estimator, we conducted a monocentric, retrospective, observational, open-label study to evaluate LCM retention rates in patients with IDs and drug-resistant epilepsy...
August 14, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804613/novel-derivatives-of-phthalimide-with-potent-anticonvulsant-activity-in-ptz-and-mes-seizure-models
#3
Asghar Davood, Maryam Iman, Hanieh Pouriaiee, Hamed Shafaroodi, Sepideh Akhbari, Leila Azimidoost, Erfan Imani, Somaieh Rahmatpour
OBJECTIVES: Phthalimide-based derivatives have anticonvulsant activity like as phenytoin by inhibition of sodium channel. In our previously research we mentioned about some phthalimide derivatives as potent anticonvulsant agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen analogs of 2-substituted phthalimide pharmacophore were synthesized and then were evaluated for the anticonvulsant activities in pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures (PTZ) and maximal electroshock seizure (MES) models...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803761/an-in-silico-perspective-on-the-toxicodynamic-of-tetrodotoxin-and-analogues-a-tool-for-supporting-the-hazard-identification
#4
Luca Dellafiora, Gianni Galaverna, Chiara Dall'Asta
Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is a potent neurotoxin naturally found in terrestrial and marine animals targeting the voltage-gated sodium channels. Historically, TTX has raised food safety concerns mainly in the Asian countries due to the consumption of the typical pufferfish-derived delicacy fugu. However, the diffusion of TTX is getting wider today, reasonably threating in a close future a broader number of consumers than before. The understanding of TTX group toxicity is still incomplete as most of the analogues and metabolites found together with TTX are largely understudied...
August 10, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800217/engineering-antibody-reactivity-for-efficient-derivatization-to-generate-nav1-7-inhibitory-gptx-1-peptide-antibody-conjugates
#5
Kaustav Biswas, Thomas E Nixey, Justin K Murray, James R Falsey, Li Yin, Hantao Liu, Jacinthe Gingras, Brian E Hall, Brad Herberich, Jerry Ryan Holder, Hongyan Li, Joseph Ligutti, Min-Hwa Jasmine Lin, Dong Liu, Brian D Soriano, Marcus Soto, Linh Tran, Christopher M Tegley, Anrou Zou, Kannan Gunasekaran, Bryan D Moyer, Liz Doherty, Les P Miranda
The voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.7 is a genetically-validated pain target under investigation for the development of analgesics. A therapeutic with a less frequent dosing regimen would be of value for treating chronic pain, however functional NaV1.7 targeting antibodies are not known. In this report we describe NaV1.7 inhibitory peptide-antibody conjugates as an alternate construct for potential prolonged channel blockade through chemical derivatization of engineered antibodies. We previously identified NaV1...
August 11, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799666/effect-of-resveratrol-on-c-fos-expression-of-rat-trigeminal-spinal-nucleus-caudalis-and-c1-dorsal-horn-neurons-following-mustard-oil-induced-acute-inflammation
#6
Yasuhiro Matsumoto, Kyouhei Komatsu, Yoshihito Shimazu, Shiori Takehana, Yumiko Syouji, Ayumu Kobayashi, Mamoru Takeda
The dietary constituent, resveratrol, was recently identified as a transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) antagonist, voltage-dependent sodium ion (Na(+) ) channel, and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether pretreatment with resveratrol attenuates acute inflammation-induced sensitization of nociceptive processing in rat spinal trigeminal nucleus caudalis (SpVc) and upper cervical (C1) dorsal horn neurons, via c-fos immunoreactivity. Mustard oil (MO), a TRPA1 channel agonist, was injected into the whisker pads of rats to induce inflammation...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793859/investigating-knockdown-resistance-kdr-mechanism-against-pyrethroids-ddt-in-the-malaria-vector-anopheles-funestus-across-africa
#7
Helen Irving, Charles S Wondji
BACKGROUND: Understanding the molecular basis of insecticide resistance is key to improve the surveillance and monitoring of malaria vector populations under control. In the major malaria vector Anopheles funestus, little is currently known about the role of the knockdown resistance (kdr) mechanism. Here, we investigated the presence and contribution of knockdown resistance (kdr) to pyrethroids/DDT resistance observed in Anopheles funestus across Africa. RESULTS: Pyrosequencing genotyping and sequencing of the voltage gated sodium channel (VGSC) gene did not detect the common L1014F mutation in field collected An...
August 9, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793216/smit1-modifies-kcnq-channel-function-and-pharmacology-by-physical-interaction-with-the-pore
#8
Rían W Manville, Daniel L Neverisky, Geoffrey W Abbott
Voltage-gated potassium channels of the KCNQ (Kv7) subfamily are essential for control of cellular excitability and repolarization in a wide range of cell types. Recently, we and others found that some KCNQ channels functionally and physically interact with sodium-dependent solute transporters, including myo-inositol transporters SMIT1 and SMIT2, potentially facilitating various modes of channel-transporter signal integration. In contrast to indirect effects such as channel regulation by SMIT-transported, myo-inositol-derived phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), the mechanisms and functional consequences of the physical interaction of channels with transporters have been little studied...
August 8, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791006/regulation-of-lung-epithelial-sodium-channels-by-cytokines-and-chemokines
#9
REVIEW
Brandi M Wynne, Li Zou, Valerie Linck, Robert S Hoover, He-Ping Ma, Douglas C Eaton
Acute lung injury leading to acute respiratory distress (ARDS) is a global health concern. ARDS patients have significant pulmonary inflammation leading to flooding of the pulmonary alveoli. This prevents normal gas exchange with consequent hypoxemia and causes mortality. A thin fluid layer in the alveoli is normal. The maintenance of this thin layer results from fluid movement out of the pulmonary capillaries into the alveolar interstitium driven by vascular hydrostatic pressure and then through alveolar tight junctions...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790377/the-analgesic-activities-of-stauntonia-brachyanthera-and-ym11-through-regulating-inflammatory-mediators-and-directly-controlling-the-sodium-channel-prompt
#10
Dali Meng, Lei Wang, Jingnan Du, Jianchao Chen, Chao Chen, Wei Xu, Chunli Li
The analgesic studies on Stauntonia brachyanthera, a traditional Chinese folk medicine used to treat headache, pains and inflammatory diseases in local areas, showed that the EtOH extracts (EESB) and the characteristic ingredient YM11 could significantly inhibit the acetic acid-induced writhing responses by 43.1% and 78.95%, and decrease the xylene-induced ear edemas by 48.9% and 21.4%, respectively. EESB could significantly increase pain threshold of mice in hot-plate test, but the effect of YM11 was not obviously...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790369/arginyl-dipeptides-increase-the-frequency-of-nacl-elicited-responses-via-epithelial-sodium-channel-alpha-and-delta-subunits-in-cultured-human-fungiform-taste-papillae-cells
#11
Jiao-Jiao Xu, Nadia Elkaddi, Alvaro Garcia-Blanco, Andrew I Spielman, Alexander A Bachmanov, Hau Yin Chung, Mehmet Hakan Ozdener
Salty taste is one of the five basic tastes and is often elicited by NaCl. Because excess sodium intake is associated with many health problems, it could be useful to have salt taste enhancers that are not sodium based. In this study, the regulation of NaCl-induced responses was investigated in cultured human fungiform taste papillae (HBO) cells with five arginyl dipeptides: Ala-Arg (AR), Arg-Ala (RA), Arg-Pro (RP), Arg-Glu (RE), and Glu-Arg (ER); and two non-arginyl dipeptides: Asp-Asp (DD) and Glu-Asp (ED)...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787580/local-antinociceptive-action-of-fluoxetine-in-the-rat-formalin-assay-role-of-l-arginine-nitric-oxide-cgmp-katp-channel-pathway
#12
Behnam Ghorbanzadeh, Mohammad Taghi Mansouri, Bahareh Naghizadeh, Soheila Alboghobeish
The present study was conducted to evaluate the local antinociceptive actions of fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, and the possible involvement of the L-arginine/NO/cGMP/KATP channel pathway in this effect using formalin test in rats. To elucidate the underlying mechanisms, animals were pre-treated with L-NAME, aminoguanidine, methylene blue, glibenclamide, L-arginine, sodium nitroprusside, or diazoxide. Local ipsilateral, but not contralateral, administration of fluoxetine (10-300 μg/paw) dose-dependently suppressed flinching number during both early and late phases of the test, and this was comparable to morphine also given peripherally...
August 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785264/epithelial-sodium-channel-%C3%AE-mediates-the-protective-effect-of-the-tnf-derived-tip-peptide-in-pneumolysin-induced-endothelial-barrier-dysfunction
#13
Istvan Czikora, Abdel A Alli, Supriya Sridhar, Michael A Matthay, Helena Pillich, Martina Hudel, Besim Berisha, Boris Gorshkov, Maritza J Romero, Joyce Gonzales, Guangyu Wu, Yuqing Huo, Yunchao Su, Alexander D Verin, David Fulton, Trinad Chakraborty, Douglas C Eaton, Rudolf Lucas
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major etiologic agent of bacterial pneumonia. Autolysis and antibiotic-mediated lysis of pneumococci induce release of the pore-forming toxin, pneumolysin (PLY), their major virulence factor, which is a prominent cause of acute lung injury. PLY inhibits alveolar liquid clearance and severely compromises alveolar-capillary barrier function, leading to permeability edema associated with pneumonia. As a consequence, alveolar flooding occurs, which can precipitate lethal hypoxemia by impairing gas exchange...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785170/the-role-of-rest-and-hdac2-in-epigenetic-dysregulation-of-nav1-5-and-nnav1-5-expression-in-breast-cancer
#14
Nur Sabrina Kamarulzaman, Hemaniswarri Dewi Dewadas, Chiuan Yee Leow, Nik Soriani Yaacob, Noor Fatmawati Mokhtar
BACKGROUND: Increased expression of voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) have been implicated with strong metastatic potential of human breast cancer in vitro and in vivo where the main culprits are cardiac isoform Nav1.5 and its 'neonatal' splice variant, nNav1.5. Several factors have been associated with Nav1.5 and nNav1.5 gain of expression in breast cancer mainly hormones, and growth factors. AIM: This study aimed to investigate the role of epigenetics via transcription repressor, repressor element silencing transcription factor (REST) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) in enhancing Nav1...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784889/treatment-of-calmodulinopathy-with-verapamil
#15
Gregory Webster, Zachary J Schoppen, Alfred L George
Pathological variants in genes encoding calmodulin are associated with severe clinical presentations, including recurrent ventricular fibrillation and sudden death. Beta-receptor antagonists (beta-blockers) and sodium-channel antagonists have been reported as pharmacotherapies in these disorders; however, recent data have demonstrated the importance of derangements in calcium channel inactivation. We report a sustained attempt to use calcium-channel antagonists to treat calmodulinopathy and review the treatment strategies reported in the literature to date...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784436/value-of-the-sodium-channel-blocker-challenge-in-brugada-syndrome
#16
Dylan Therasse, Frederic Sacher, Dominique Babuty, Philippe Mabo, Jacques Mansourati, Florence Kyndt, Richard Redon, Jean Jacques Schott, Julien Barc, Vincent Probst, Jean-Baptiste Gourraud
AIMS: Intravenous drug challenge is frequently performed to unmask Brugada syndrome (BrS). However, its true sensitivity has never been assessed. We used the obligate BrS transmitters in families affected by BrS to evaluate the true accuracy of drug challenge. METHODS: All consecutive patients from 2000 to 2014 who underwent drug challenge during familial screening for BrS were included in the study. Obligate BrS transmitters were defined as the presence of a descendant and non-descendant first-degree relative affected by BrS...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784306/nav1-2-is-expressed-in-caudal-ganglionic-eminence-derived-disinhibitory-interneurons-mutually-exclusive-distributions-of-nav1-1-and-nav1-2
#17
Tetsushi Yamagata, Ikuo Ogiwara, Emi Mazaki, Yuchio Yanagawa, Kazuhiro Yamakawa
Nav1.1 and Nav1.2 are the voltage-gated sodium channel pore-forming alpha I and II subunits, encoded by the genes SCN1A and SCN2A. Although mutations of both genes have similarly been described in patients with epilepsy, autism and/or intellectual disability, their expression sites in brain are largely distinct. Nav1.1 was shown to be expressed dominantly in parvalbumin (PV)-positive or somatostatin (SST)-positive inhibitory neurons and in a sparsely-distributed subpopulation of excitatory neurons. In contrast, Nav1...
August 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782696/heritability-in-a-scn5a-mutation-founder-population-with-increased-female-susceptibility-to-non-nocturnal-ventricular-tachyarrhythmia-and-sudden-cardiac-death
#18
Rachel M A Ter Bekke, Aaron Isaacs, Andrei Barysenka, Marije B Hoos, Jan D H Jongbloed, Jan C A Hoorntje, Alfons S M Patelski, Apollonia T J M Helderman-van den Enden, Arthur van den Wijngaard, Monika Stoll, Paul G A Volders
BACKGROUND: Heritable cardiac sodium-channel dysfunction is associated with various arrhythmia syndromes, some predisposing to ventricular fibrillation. Phenotypic diversity among carriers of identical-by-descent mutations is often remarkable, suggesting influences of genetic modifiers. OBJECTIVE: We identified a unique SCN5A-mutation founder population with mixed clinical phenotypes and sudden cardiac death, and investigated the heritability of electromechanical traits besides the SCN5A-mutation effect...
August 3, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782494/the-role-of-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-pcsk9-in-cardiovascular-homeostasis-a-non-systematic-literature-review
#19
Ahmad Hachem, Essa Hariri, Perla Saoud, Christelle Lteif, Louis Lteif, Francine Welty
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has been gaining major attention recently after the emergence of data showing the promising role of these proteins in lipid homeostasis and atherosclerosis process, glucose and blood pressure regulation. PubMed, EMBASE, Scholar and Scopus databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials, observational studies, in-vitro trials and reviews about the role of PCSK9 in cardiovascular homeostasis. PCSK9 was found to have major impact on lipid homeostasis and inflammatory process through regulation of low-density lipoprotein receptors...
August 4, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782477/sodium-valproate-induced-bilateral-pitting-pedal-edema-a-case-report
#20
Radhika Panchal, Dharamveer Chaudhary, Ashish Anovadiya
Bilateral pitting edema is rare adverse drug reactions observed in the psychiatry department. Drug related pedal edema is most commonly seen with ACE inhibitors, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, and calcium channel blockers. But pitting edema with Sodium valproate is very rare.
August 4, 2017: Current Drug Safety
keyword
keyword
110
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"