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Capsulotomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146166/hip-dysplasia-prevalence-associated-findings-and-procedures-from-large-multicenter-arthroscopy-study-group
#1
Dean K Matsuda, Andrew B Wolff, Shane J Nho, John P Salvo, John J Christoforetti, Benjamin R Kivlan, Thomas J Ellis, Dominic S Carreira
PURPOSE: To report observational findings of patients with acetabular dysplasia undergoing hip arthroscopy. METHODS: We performed a comparative case series of multicenter registry patients from January 2014 to April 2016 meeting the inclusion criteria of isolated hip arthroscopy, a documented lateral center-edge angle (LCEA), and completion of preoperative patient-reported outcome measures. A retrospective analysis compared range of motion, intra-articular pathology, and procedures of patients with dysplasia (LCEA ≤25°) and patients without dysplasia (LCEA >25°)...
November 13, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118504/bilateral-early-capsular-block-syndrome-following-implantation-of-the-new-trifocal-toric-lens
#2
Ashbala Khattak
A young patient underwent phacoemulsification with endocapsular implantation of trifocal toric lens in both eyes (AT LISA tri toric 939 MP, Carl-Zeiss, Germany). One-week postsurgery, he developed capsular block syndrome (CBS) in both eyes. There was deterioration of uncorrected visual acuity at 1-week postsurgery, with a myopic shift of 2.5 diopters (D) in the right eye and 2.0 D in the left eye. The intraocular pressure was only elevated in the left eye. Neodymium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser posterior capsulotomy resolved the block successfully in both eyes...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109868/visual-quality-assessment-of-posterior-capsule-opacification-using-optical-quality-analysis-system-oqas
#3
Hui Zhang, Jing Wang
Objective: To evaluate intraocular scattering in eyes with posterior capsule opacification by means of an objective scatter index (OSI) obtained from double-pass images of optical quality assessment system (OQAS TM II) and to determine the indication for laser capsulotomy when patients report visual disturbances without decreased visual acuity. Methods: In this prospective, observational, and nonconsecutive case series study, a total of 32 eyes of 29 patients are diagnosed with posterior capsule opacification after age-associated cataract were analyzed...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100975/personality-measures-after-gamma-ventral-capsulotomy-in-intractable-ocd
#4
Raquel R Paiva, Marcelo C Batistuzzo, Nicole C McLaughlin, Miguel M Canteras, Maria E de Mathis, Guaraci Requena, Roseli G Shavitt, Benjamin D Greenberg, Georg Norén, Steven A Rasmussen, Hermano Tavares, Eurípedes C Miguel, Antonio C Lopes, Marcelo Q Hoexter
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgeries such as gamma ventral capsulotomy (GVC) are an option for otherwise intractable obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients. In general, clinical and neuropsychological status both improve after GVC. However, its consequences on personality traits are not well-studied. The objective of this study was to investigate personality changes after one year of GVC in intractable OCD patients. METHODS: The personality assessment was conducted using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in 14 intractable OCD patients before and one year after GVC...
November 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095259/comparison-of-hydrophobic-and-hydrophilic-intraocular-lens-in-preventing-posterior-capsule-opacification-after-cataract-surgery-an-updated-meta-analysis
#5
Yang Zhao, Ke Yang, Jiaxin Li, Yang Huang, Siquan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Posterior capsular opacification (PCO) is a common long-term complication of cataract surgery. Intraocular lens design and material have been implicated in influencing the development of PCO. This study evaluated the association of hydrophobic and hydrophilic intraocular lenses on preventing PCO. METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases were searched until August 3, 2016, using the following search terms: cataract, posterior capsule opacification, and intraocular lens...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089909/effects-of-anterior-capsulotomy-on-decision-making-in-patients-with-refractory-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#6
Chencheng Zhang, Yilin Chen, Shuaiwei Tian, Tao Wang, Yile Xie, Haiyan Jin, Guozhen Lin, Hengfen Gong, Kristina Zeljic, Bomin Sun, Tianming Yang, Shikun Zhan
Despite various lines of evidence implicating impaired decision-making ability in individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), neuropsychological investigation has generated inconsistent findings. Although the cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical (CSTC) circuitry has been suggested, the involvement of the cortex has not yet been fully demonstrated. Moreover, it is unknown whether surgical intervention on the CSTC circuitry results in a predicted improvement of decision-making ability of OCD. Here we present a study of decision making based on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) to investigate decision making in a large sample of individuals with treatment-resistant OCD with and without anterior capsulotomy (AC)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084005/dysphotopsia-a-multifaceted-optic-phenomenon
#7
Jenny Hu, Ruti Sella, Natalie A Afshari
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the literature on dysphotopsia, focusing on strategies for management and prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Clinical studies and ray-tracing diagrams have improved our understanding of the risk factors for positive and negative dysphotopsiae. Well known management and prevention strategies such as piggyback IOL, reverse optic capture, Nd:YAG capsulotomy, and IOL exchange are reviewed, as well as newer strategies such as the infertemporal approach to IOL implantation, 'in-the-bag nasal optic truncation' and new IOL design implantation, and new IOL design...
October 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077177/mobile-femtosecond-laser-platform-for-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#8
Simon S M Fung, John Brookes, Mark R Wilkins, Gillian G W Adams
PURPOSE: To describe the use of a mobile femtosecond laser platform in assisting paediatric cataract surgery. METHODS: A mobile femtosecond laser was brought into the operating room and calibrated on the day of the surgery. After general anesthesia is induced, the femtosecond laser was docked onto the eyes with a liquid-filled interface, without any perioperative adaptations or additional surgical procedures. An anterior capsulotomy was created with the femtosecond laser, followed by conventional cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation...
October 26, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074029/ultrastructural-integrity-of-human-capsulotomies-created-by-a-thermal-device
#9
Joobin Hooshmand, Robin G Abell, Karsten Goemann, Peter E J Davies, Brendan J Vote
PURPOSE: To investigate the ultrastructural features of anterior capsulotomy performed with a thermal device, the precision pulse capsulotomy (PPC). DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter case series. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients undergoing capsulotomy with the PPC device. METHODS: Prospective study of patients undergoing capsulotomy with the PPC by 2 surgeons, followed up by routine phacoemulsification cataract surgery, was undertaken...
October 23, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068922/breast-cleavage-remodeling-with-fat-grafting-a-safe-way-to-optimize-symmetry-and-to-reduce-intermammary-distance
#10
José Maria Serra-Mestre, Randolfo Fernandez Peñuela, Vanessa Foti, Francesco D'Andrea, José Maria Serra-Renom
BACKGROUND: In their descriptions of the ideal breast, most studies have focused primarily on the dimensions, shape, and proportions. The distance between the breasts has only very rarely been considered. The intermammary distance and the medial symmetry between the breasts are important parts of the outcome of surgery and have a strong bearing on patient satisfaction. However, the control surgeons have over these factors is only relative, and depends heavily on the underlying anatomical characteristics of the patients...
November 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048699/arthroscopic-treatment-of-psoas-abscess-concurrent-with-septic-arthritis-of-the-hip-joint
#11
Chul-Ho Kim, Kekatpure Aditya, Soong-Joon Lee, Hyo-June Kim, Kang-Sup Yoon, Hee-Joong Kim, Pil-Whan Yoon
PURPOSE: To describe the outcomes of 7 cases of psoas abscess concurrent with septic arthritis of the hip treated by hip arthroscopy alone. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the data of patients who underwent arthroscopic drainage of psoas abscess concurrent with septic arthritis of the hip. Arthroscopic debridement was performed in both the central and peripheral hip joint compartments. In all cases, the iliopsoas compartment was accessed from the peripheral compartment through an anterior capsulotomy without limb traction...
October 16, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991613/safety-of-femtosecond-laser-assisted-primary-posterior-capsulotomy-immediately-after-cataract-surgery
#12
Merita Schojai, Tim Schultz, Yesim Haeussler-Sinangin, Joerg Boecker, H Burkhard Dick
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of a new femtosecond laser-assisted method for posterior capsule opacification (PCO) prevention. SETTING: University Eye Hospital Bochum, Bochum, Germany. DESIGN: Prospective randomized intraindividual case series. METHODS: Eyes scheduled for bilateral cataract surgery between April 2015 and January 2016 were enrolled in the study. In 1 eye, routine manual cataract surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation was performed with a primary posterior laser capsulotomy as the last step in the procedure...
September 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991334/femtosecond-laser-assisted-capsulotomy-histological-comparison-of-four-different-laser-platforms
#13
Fritz H Hengerer, Michel Mittelbronn, Martin-Leo Hansmann, Gerd U Auffarth, Ina Conrad-Hengerer
PURPOSE: To compare histological analyses of capsulotomies from different laser systems with regard to tissue alteration, laser spot formation, and energy settings. METHODS: Four femtosecond laser platforms approved for cataract surgery were evaluated: LenSx (Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX), Catalys (Abbott Medical Optics, Santa Ana, CA), Victus (Tecnolas/Bausch & Lomb, Munich, Germany), and LensAR (Topcon, Gamagori, Japan). Ten human anterior lens capsulotomy disks from each laser system were analyzed: five by means of light microscopy and five by transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980571/-morphological-and-clinical-aspects-of-anterior-capsulotomy-in-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery
#14
K S Avetisov, M N Ivanov, Yu N Yusef, S N Yusef, A E Aslamazova, N D Fokina
The review covers morphological and clinical aspects of femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy in cataract surgery. Literature data suggests that femtosecond laser-assisted capsulotomy is more accurate in size, shape, and centration than manual. Femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy improves the accuracy of IOL positioning within the capsular bag.
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974221/femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-phakic-intraocular-lenses-and-low-endothelial-cell-counts-a-case-report
#15
Chia-Yi Lee, Shih-Chun Chao, Chi-Chin Sun, Hung-Yu Lin
BACKGROUND: Phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) implantation has been used to correct myopia and myopic astigmatism, although corneal decompensation can occur after implantation. Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) has gained in popularity due to its lower postoperative astigmatism and endothelial loss. Herein, we report the use of FLACS in patients who previously received PIOL implantation and have a low corneal endothelial cell count. CASE PRESENTATION: Two patients with a previous iris-claw PIOL implantation were enrolled...
October 3, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967071/outcomes-of-cataract-surgery-in-children-with-persistent-hyperplastic-primary-vitreous
#16
Jitender Jinagal, Parul C Gupta, Jagat Ram, Manu Sharma, Simar R Singh, Sonam Yangzes, Jaspreet Sukhija, Ramandeep Singh
PURPOSE: To evaluate postoperative outcomes of cataract surgery in children with persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) and factors affecting outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed 29 eyes of 28 children with PHPV presenting at a tertiary care center in northern India. All eyes underwent phacoaspiration followed by primary posterior capsulotomy with or without cauterization of persistent fetal vasculature under general anesthesia. Hydrophobic intraocular lens was implanted in selective cases...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965430/deep-brain-stimulation-for-severe-treatment-resistant-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-an-open-label-case-series
#17
Sarah Farrand, Andrew H Evans, Simone Mangelsdorf, Samantha M Loi, Ramon Mocellin, Adam Borham, JoAnne Bevilacqua, Scott Blair-West, Mark A Walterfang, Richard G Bittar, Dennis Velakoulis
OBJECTIVE: Deep brain stimulation can be of benefit in carefully selected patients with severe intractable obsessive-compulsive disorder. The aim of this paper is to describe the outcomes of the first seven deep brain stimulation procedures for obsessive-compulsive disorder undertaken at the Neuropsychiatry Unit, Royal Melbourne Hospital. The primary objective was to assess the response to deep brain stimulation treatment utilising the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale as a measure of symptom severity...
September 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955077/comparison-of-characteristics-of-femtosecond-laser-assisted-anterior-capsulotomy-versus-manual-continuous-curvilinear-capsulorrhexis-a-meta-analysis-of-5-year-results
#18
Muhammad Hassaan Ali, Samee Ullah, Usman Javaid, Mamoona Javaid, Samreen Jamal, Nadeem Hafeez Butt
OBJECTIVE: To perform a meta-analysis on the precision and safety of femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy versus conventional manual continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis. METHODS: This meta-analysis was conducted from February 2010 to November 2014. Literature search on PubMed, Google Scholar, ExcerptaMedica database and Cochrane Library was done to identify randomised controlled trials and case-control studies. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of the 10 articles included, there were 3(30%) randomised controlled trials and 7(70%) non-randomised controlled trials...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952918/prolonged-delayed-graft-function-due-to-an-extensive-renal-graft-subcapsular-hematoma-is-conservative-management-justified
#19
Gerardo Sarno, Aristide Ferrara, Vincenzo Cerbone, Enrico Russo, Daniela Vicedomini, Paride De Rosa
A 62-year-old male patient with diabetes underwent deceased-donor kidney transplant at our transplant unit. At reperfusion, a small and clinically not significant subcapsular hematoma was noted. The patient's postoperative course was characterized by delayed graft function since the beginning but was further complicated on postoperative day 6 by evidence (shown at daily Doppler ultrasonography) of a wide increase of the hematoma. The hematoma, which was just visible before, was now leading to graft compression because it covered up to two-thirds of the cortical surface...
September 26, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945886/long-term-follow-up-study-of-mri-guided-bilateral-anterior-capsulotomy-in-patients-with-refractory-anorexia-nervosa
#20
Wei Liu, Dianyou Li, Fafa Sun, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Tao Wang, Shikun Zhan, Yixin Pan, Peng Huang, Haiyan Jin, Yongchao Li, Bomin Sun
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is one of the most challenging psychiatric disorders to treat. The poor clinical outcomes warrant novel treatments for AN, especially in severe and persistent cases. OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging-guided bilateral anterior capsulotomy in the treatment of refractory AN. METHODS: Seventy-four patients diagnosed with refractory AN who underwent capsulotomy completed this 3-yr follow-up study...
August 18, 2017: Neurosurgery
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