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Capsulotomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930777/endoscopic-delayed-breast-reconstruction-with-expanders-and-implants-via-the-axillary-incision-made-for-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-or-lymphadenectomy
#1
José Maria Serra-Mestre, Randolfo Fernandez Peñuela, Francesco DʼAndrea, Joan Maria Viñals, José Maria Serra-Renom
BACKGROUND: Classic techniques of delayed prosthetic breast reconstruction use the mastectomy scar as an access route. As a result, the filling of the expander must be postponed until the wounds have healed. This creates an asymmetry between the breasts with the volume changes caused by the filling of the expander, which may occur over several weeks and cause considerable discomfort. METHODS: Delayed breast reconstruction was performed via the axillary incision made for sentinel lymph node biopsy or lymphadenectomy with endoscopic assistance and detachment of the pectoralis major muscle...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924422/femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-in-vitrectomized-eye-with-posterior-chamber-phakic-intraocular-lens
#2
Natalia Anisimova, Boris Malyugin, Lisa B Arbisser, Nikolay Sobolev
We describe a case of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) in an eye with multiple comorbidities, including retinal detachment surgery, high myopia, posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens (PC pIOL) and residual, emulsified, silicone oil located in the anterior chamber. FLACS was affected by the optical blockage, but the incomplete capsular tear was recoverable. The case suggests that silicone oil bubbles concentrated at the dome of the posterior corneal surface, along with the PC pIOL optic edges and scars after corneal astigmatic relaxing incisions can lead to incomplete anterior capsulotomy...
2017: Digital Journal of Ophthalmology: DJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924341/intraocular-pressure-spikes-following-neodymium-doped-yttrium-aluminum-garnet-laser-capsulotomy-current-prevalence-and-management-in-israel
#3
Asaf Achiron
AIM: The current treatment for posterior capsular opacification (PCO), neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser capsulotomy, may lead to increased intraocular pressure (IOP). Our aim was to survey routines in the management of IOP spikes and to identify the rate of IOP spikes following prophylactic apraclonidine treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey questionnaire among ophthalmologists and a retrospective registry review was used. Patients were administered apraclonidine 0...
May 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914688/femtosecond-laser-assisted-versus-phacoemulsification-for-cataract-extraction-and-intraocular-lens-implantation-clinical-outcomes-review
#4
Shaun Y Ewe, Robin G Abell, Brendan J Vote
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) has gained popularity in recent years with the new technology suggesting potential improvements in clinical and safety outcomes over conventional phacoemulsification cataract surgery (PCS). A decade since the advent of FLACS has given time and experience for laser technology to develop in maturity, and better quality evidence to become available. This review evaluates current evidence on the clinical and safety outcomes for FLACS in comparison to PCS...
September 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873174/performing-reliable-lens-capsulotomy-in-the-presence-of-corneal-edema-with-a-femtosecond-laser
#5
Geraint P Williams, Benjamin L George, Yoke R Wong, Gary H F Yam, Marcus Ang, Shian C Tay, Jodhbir S Mehta
Purpose: To determine the effects of the Ziemer LDV Z8 liquid interface femtosecond laser platform during capsulotomy under different energy settings in the presence of corneal edema. Methods: Cadaveric porcine eyes (n = 36) employed at less than 6 and greater than 24 post enucleation hours to simulate clear/edematous corneas, underwent capsulotomy with the Ziemer LDV Z8 femtosecond laser (5-mm diameter, energy 90%, 130%, or 150%). Lens capsules were removed for evaluation by scanning electron microscopy and rupture strengths determined by the single column universal testing system...
September 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866345/should-the-capsule-be-repaired-or-plicated-after-hip-arthroscopy-for-labral-tears-associated-with-femoroacetabular-impingement-or-instability-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Victor Ortiz-Declet, Brian Mu, Austin W Chen, Jody Litrenta, Itay Perets, Leslie C Yuen, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: To critically evaluate the existing literature on hip capsule biomechanics, clinical evidence of instability, and outcomes of capsular management to answer the following question: Should the capsule be repaired or plicated after hip arthroscopy for labral tears associated with femoroacetabular impingement or instability? METHODS: We used PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) guidelines to find articles using PubMed and Embase...
August 30, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860693/long-term-visual-outcomes-and-patient-satisfaction-following-bilateral-implantation-of-trifocal-intraocular-lenses
#7
Sri Ganesh, Sheetal Brar, Archana Pawar
PURPOSE: To study the long-term visual and refractive outcomes and evaluate patient satisfaction after bilateral implantation of trifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: Nethradhama Superspeciality Eye Hospital, Bangalore. DESIGN: Prospective, nonrandomized study. METHODS: Eligible patients undergoing bilateral phacoemulsification with trifocal IOL implantation were included. Follow-up examinations were conducted at day 1, 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, and 12 months...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859566/history-of-psychosurgery-at-sainte-anne-hospital-paris-france-through-translational-interactions-between-psychiatrists-and-neurosurgeons
#8
Marc Zanello, Johan Pallud, Nicolas Baup, Sophie Peeters, Baris Turak, Marie Odile Krebs, Catherine Oppenheim, Raphael Gaillard, Bertrand Devaux
Sainte-Anne Hospital is the largest psychiatric hospital in Paris. Its long and fascinating history began in the 18th century. In 1952, it was at Sainte-Anne Hospital that Jean Delay and Pierre Deniker used the first neuroleptic, chlorpromazine, to cure psychiatric patients, putting an end to the expansion of psychosurgery. The Department of Neuro-psychosurgery was created in 1941. The works of successive heads of the Neurosurgery Department at Sainte-Anne Hospital summarized the history of psychosurgery in France...
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859157/pseudophakic-retinal-detachment-in-young-aged-patients
#9
Thomas Laube, Claudia Brockmann, Nils Lehmann, Norbert Bornfeld
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors for retinal detachment (RD) after cataract surgery or refractive lens exchange (RLE) in patients aged below 61 years. METHODS: Retrospective medical chart review of 7,886 patients (13,925 eyes) who underwent cataract surgery or RLE. Patients aged below 61 years were selected. Age, gender, axial length, follow-up times, and the occurrence of RD were recorded. Additional characteristics documented for RD cases were: history of RD, preexisting retinal findings, laser capsulotomy, status of macula at RD, date and details of RD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858085/evaluation-of-an-interlaced-triple-procedure-penetrating-keratoplasty-extracapsular-cataract-extraction-and-nonopen-sky-intraocular-lens-implantation
#10
Shuo Yang, Bin Wang, Yangyang Zhang, Hualei Zhai, Junyi Wang, Shuang Wang, Lixin Xie
To evaluate an interlaced triple procedure that involved penetrating keratoplasty (PKP), extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) using diathermy capsulotomy, and nonopen-sky intraocular lens (IOL) implantation.This retrospective study involved data from 34 patients who were diagnosed with severe corneal opacities and cataracts. These patients were divided into an interlaced procedure group (21 patients) and a traditional procedure group (13 patients). In the interlaced group, the method of continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) was completed via diathermy capsulotomy...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834901/outcomes-of-23-gauge-pars-plana-vitrectomy-combined-with-phacoemulsification-and-capsulotomy-without-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-associated-with-choroidal-detachment
#11
Huiyan Xu, David Lutrin, Zhifeng Wu
Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment associated with choroidal detachment (RRDCD) is a special type of complex retinal detachment, and usually has a poor prognosis. This study aimed to assess the anatomical outcomes of 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (23G PPV) combined with phacoemulsification (phaco) and capsulotomy without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in patients with RRDCD.Seventy-six consecutive patients with RRDCD, who underwent retinal repair surgery from January 2010 to December 2014, were retrospectively analyzed...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832744/posterior-argentinean-flag-like-sign-during-primary-posterior-continuous-curvilinear-capsulorhexis
#12
Frederico França Marques, Daniela Mieira Villano Marques, Fabio Kenji Matsumoto
We describe a unique complication during primary posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (PCCC) in a patient with megalocornea scheduled for phacoemulsification with toric multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. After nucleus emulsification and cortex removal, the capsular bag was filled with cohesive viscoelastic in preparation for PCCC to achieve reverse optic capture of the IOL, thus ensuring stability. However, as soon as the initial puncture was made using a 27-gauge needle to start the capsulotomy, the posterior capsule opening extended peripherally from 0º-180º...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774511/resident-performed-neodymium-yag-laser-posterior-capsulotomy
#13
Khalil Ghasemi Falavarjani, Mohammadreza Aghamirsalim, Kaveh Abri Aghdam
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcomes of resident-performed Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy. DESIGN: Combined retrospective and prospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N = 301) who underwent Nd:YAG capsulotomy by ophthalmology residents at Rassoul Akram Hospital, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: Assessment of visual outcomes and complications and the results of second- and third-year residents. RESULTS: In the retrospective arm, 131 eyes of 129 patients were enrolled...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745661/-n-s-i-n-i-v-biomechanical-aspects-of-anterior-capsulotomy-in-cataract-surgery
#14
K S Avetisov, N A Bakhchieva, S E Avetisov, I A Novikov, N V Belikov, I V Khaydukova
This paper reviews studies on biomechanical properties of the anterior lens capsule. Early experiments in this field were more fundamental. Later studies were aimed mainly at assessing the mechanical stability of the capsule edge after manual or femtosecond laser capsulorhexis (capsulotomy) - an important step in modern minimally invasive phaco surgery. For biomechanical tests, ex vivo samples of human and animal anterior capsules were used. The results of the studies presented here are quite heterogeneous, which suggests the necessity of gaining further insight into the issue...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732611/comparison-of-posterior-capsule-opacification-development-with-2%C3%A2-single-piece-intraocular-lens-types
#15
Christina Leydolt, Daniel Schartmüller, Luca Schwarzenbacher, Markus Schranz, Sabine Schriefl, Rupert Menapace
PURPOSE: To evaluate the differences in the incidence of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) and visual and optical performance between 2 hydrophobic acrylic single-piece sharp-edged intraocular lenses (IOLs) over 3 years. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. DESIGN: Prospective randomized case series. METHODS: Patients with bilateral cataract were prospectively randomized to receive an Eyecee One IOL (IOL A) or an Acrysof SN60WF IOL (IOL B) and were followed for 36 months...
June 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732607/refractive-outcomes-and-complications-after-combined-copolymer-phakic-intraocular-lens-explantation-and-phacoemulsification-with-intraocular-lens-implantation
#16
Paolo G Meier, François Majo, Philippe Othenin-Girard, Ciara Bergin, Ivo Guber
PURPOSE: To assess safety, efficacy, and predictability of combined Implantable Collamer Lens phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) explantation and phacoemulsification and to report the rate of complications. A secondary aim was to examine whether intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation was affected by the pIOL in situ. SETTING: Jules-Gonin Eye Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: The records of patients having pIOL implantation with subsequent phacoemulsification were reviewed...
June 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730072/effects-of-lens-extirpation-with-anterior-vitrectomy-on-vitreous-three-dimensional-mesh-structure
#17
Yan Zhao, Long-Fang Zhou, Hong Yang
AIM: To investigate the changes in vitreous gel structure after lens extirpation combined with anterior vitrectomy in rabbit eyes. METHODS: Twenty-eight chinchilla rabbits were divided into three groups. The control group (Group I) included 16 eyes from eight rabbits who did not receive any treatment. Group II included 20 eyes from 10 rabbits that underwent lens aspiration only. Group III included 20 eyes from 10 rabbits that underwent lens aspiration combined with posterior capsulotomy and anterior vitrectomy...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729234/mobile-phone-supported-physiotherapy-for-frozen-shoulder-feasibility-assessment-based-on-a-usability-study
#18
Thomas Stütz, Gerlinde Emsenhuber, Daniela Huber, Michael Domhardt, Martin Tiefengrabner, Gertie Janneke Oostingh, Ulrike Fötschl, Nicholas Matis, Simon Ginzinger
BACKGROUND: Patients with frozen shoulder show limited shoulder mobility often accompanied by pain. Common treatment methods include physiotherapy, pain medication, administration of corticosteroids, and surgical capsulotomy. Frozen shoulder often lasts from months to years and mostly affects persons in the age group of 40 to 70 years. It severely reduces the quality of life and the ability to work. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a mobile health (mHealth) intervention that supports patients affected by "stage two" frozen shoulder...
July 20, 2017: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723697/the-history-and-future-of-ablative-neurosurgery-for-major-depressive-disorder
#19
Matthew Volpini, Peter Giacobbe, G Rees Cosgrove, Anthony Levitt, Andres M Lozano, Nir Lipsman
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need to develop safe and effective treatments for patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Several neurosurgical procedures have been developed to treat the dysfunctional brain circuits implicated in major depression. OBJECTIVES: This review describes the most common ablative procedures used to treat major depressive disorder: anterior cingulotomy, subcaudate tractotomy, limbic leucotomy, and anterior capsulotomy. The efficacy and safety of each are discussed and compared with other current and emerging modalities, including deep brain stimulation (DBS) and MR-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS)...
2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706846/arthroscopic-reduction-and-fixation-of-transverse-intra-articular-glenoid-fractures-with-scapular-extension
#20
Anastasios Papadonikolakis
The most common procedure to address transverse glenoid fractures that are characterized by intra-articular step-off or gapping is open reduction and internal fixation. Disadvantages of open surgery are delay in regaining full range of motion, increased approach morbidity, neurovascular complications, and the need for capsulotomy, which delays healing and increases the risk of stiffness. An arthroscopically assisted fracture fixation, as described in this article, is characterized by better visualization of the glenoid articular surface and reduction of the intra-articular fragments under direct vision, which diminishes the chances of residual step-off after fixation...
June 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
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