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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344526/delayed-repair-of-ulnar-artery-at-the-distal-forearm
#1
Jorge G Boretto, Ezequiel Zaidenberg, Gerardo L Gallucci, Verónica Alfie, Pablo De Carli
Background:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rate of patency after delayed repair of the ulnar artery following primary ligation. Methods: Adult patients with primary ligation of the injured ulnar artery at the forearm who had a delayed repair of the artery were included. Postoperative arterial patency was determined by either physical examination or color Doppler ultrasonographic imaging. Postoperative complications and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score were recorded. Results: Eight consecutive patients during a 3-year period were included...
March 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340403/micro-and-macrovascular-function-in-children-with-sickle-cell-anaemia-and-sickle-cell-haemoglobin-c-disease
#2
Berenike Möckesch, Keyne Charlot, Stéphane Jumet, Marc Romana, Lydia Divialle-Doumdo, Marie-Dominique Hardy-Dessources, Marie Petras, Benoît Tressieres, Vanessa Tarer, Olivier Hue, Maryse Etienne-Julan, Philippe Connes, Sophie Antoine-Jonville
It is unclear whether vascular function is affected similarly in children with sickle cell anaemia (SS) and children with sickle haemoglobin C (SC) disease. Therefore, we compared micro and macrovascular functions in healthy (AA) children, children with SS and SC disease, and assessed their association with physical activity. Participants (24 SS, 22 SC and 16 AA), were compared in terms of 1) thermal hyperaemic response (finger pad warming to 42°C) measured by Laser Doppler techniques, 2) arterial stiffness determined by pulse wave velocity, 3) daily energy expenditure related to moderate and intense physical activities estimated by questionnaire and 4) fitness level, evaluated by the six-minute walk test...
February 4, 2017: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332295/advanced-cardiovascular-imaging-in-williams-syndrome-abnormalities-usefulness-and-strategy-for-use
#3
Jordan A Hills, Yuri A Zarate, Noelle R Danylchuk, Tiffany Lepard, Jean Chi-Jen Chen, Ronnie Thomas Collins
Extracardiac arterial stenoses are not uncommon in Williams syndrome (WS); however, data on the utility of advanced cardiovascular imaging (CVI) to assess these stenoses are lacking. We retrospectively reviewed the frequency, indication, and diagnostic outcomes of CVI modalities performed in patients with WS evaluated at a single institution between 2001 and 2014. Data were collected and analyzed from 34 patients (56% female) who underwent CVI during the study period. The median age was 10 years (range 1.8-33 years)...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330548/-polyorchidism-is-a-rare-cause-of-a-scrotal-mass
#4
Grete Padkær, Bassam Hamid Mahdi, Poul Erik Andersen, Lars Lund
In this case report we present a 14-year-old boy with two testicles in the right hemiscrotum - a case of polyorchidism. He did not have surgery for his condition, and his condition was followed according to the guidelines. In a study, 6.4% of cases with polyorchidism were found to contain neoplasms of which the most were malignant. If the supernumerary testicle is not contributing to the spermatogenesis, it is therefore recommended to remove the testicle. Otherwise, recommendations are a yearly follow-up by Doppler ultrasound, including a physical examination to discover development of cancer...
March 20, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295158/first-trimester-ultrasound-tests-alone-or-in-combination-with-first-trimester-serum-tests-for-down-s-syndrome-screening
#5
REVIEW
S Kate Alldred, Yemisi Takwoingi, Boliang Guo, Mary Pennant, Jonathan J Deeks, James P Neilson, Zarko Alfirevic
BACKGROUND: Down's syndrome occurs when a person has three, rather than two copies of chromosome 21; or the specific area of chromosome 21 implicated in causing Down's syndrome. It is the commonest congenital cause of mental disability and also leads to numerous metabolic and structural problems. It can be life-threatening, or lead to considerable ill health, although some individuals have only mild problems and can lead relatively normal lives. Having a baby with Down's syndrome is likely to have a significant impact on family life...
March 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294413/acute-effect-of-running-exercise-on-physiological-achilles-tendon-blood-flow
#6
Lucie Risch, Michael Cassel, Frank Mayer
Sonographically detectable intratendinous blood flow (IBF) is found in 50-88% of Achilles tendinopathy patients as well as in up to 35% of asymptomatic Achilles tendons (AT). Although IBF is frequently associated with tendon pathology, it may also represent a physiological regulation e.g. due to increased blood flow in response to exercise. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the acute effects of a standardized running exercise protocol on IBF assessed with Doppler ultrasound (DU) "Advanced dynamic flow" in healthy ATs...
March 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288599/clinical-use-of-computational-modeling-for-surgical-planning-of-arteriovenous-fistula-for-hemodialysis
#7
Michela Bozzetto, Stefano Rota, Valentina Vigo, Francesco Casucci, Carlo Lomonte, Walter Morale, Massimo Senatore, Luigi Tazza, Massimo Lodi, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Andrea Remuzzi
BACKGROUND: Autogenous arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the best vascular access (VA) for hemodialysis, but its creation is still a critical procedure. Physical examination, vascular mapping and doppler ultrasound (DUS) evaluation are recommended for AVF planning, but they can not provide direct indication on AVF outcome. We recently developed and validated in a clinical trial a patient-specific computational model to predict pre-operatively the blood flow volume (BFV) in AVF for different surgical configuration on the basis of demographic, clinical and DUS data...
March 14, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284984/prevalence-of-mitral-valve-regurgitation-in-79-asymptomatic-norfolk-terriers
#8
A Bodegård-Westling, A Tidholm, J Häggström
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of mitral valve regurgitation (MR) in asymptomatic Swedish Norfolk terriers. ANIMALS: Seventy-nine privately owned Norfolk terriers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted where dogs were recruited via the Swedish Norfolk terrier club. All dogs were examined using the same protocol including physical examination and Doppler echocardiography. RESULTS: Fifteen dogs (19%) had a murmur at the time of the examination...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280700/allograft-loss-from-acute-page-kidney-secondary-to-trauma-after-kidney-transplantation
#9
Kazuhiro Takahashi, Rohini Prashar, Krishna G Putchakayala, William J Kane, Jason E Denny, Dean Y Kim, Lauren E Malinzak
We report a rare case of allograft loss from acute Page kidney secondary to trauma that occurred 12 years after kidney transplantation. A 67-year-old Caucasian male with a past surgical history of kidney transplant presented to the emergency department at a local hospital with left lower abdominal tenderness. He recalled that his cat, which weighs 15 lbs, jumped on his abdomen 7 d prior. On physical examination, a small tender mass was noticed at the incisional site of the kidney transplant. He was producing a normal amount of urine without hematuria...
February 24, 2017: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277225/arteriovenous-malformation-of-the-external-ear-a-clinical-assessment-with-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#10
Shin Hye Kim, Seung Hoon Han, Yoonjae Song, Chang Sik Park, Jae-Jin Song
INTRODUCTION: Auricular Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) of the external ear is a rarely encountered disease; in particular, AVM arising from the auricle, with spontaneous bleeding, has seldom been reported. OBJECTIVE: In the current study, we report an unusual case of late-onset auricular AVM originating from the posterior auricular artery that was confirmed by computed tomographic angiography. The case was successfully managed by pre-surgical intravascular embolization followed by total lesion excision...
October 17, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271088/axillary-artery-injury-associated-with-proximal-humerus-fracture-a-report-of-6-cases
#11
Rinne M Peters, Mariano E Menendez, Jos J Mellema, David Ring, R Malcolm Smith
Proximal humerus fractures are common, but associated injury of the axillary artery is uncommon. The majority of published blunt traumatic axillary artery injuries are associated with anterior glenohumeral dislocation; a few are associated with isolated proximal humerus fractures or fracture-dislocation. Experience within our institution demonstrates that axillary artery injury is often unrecognized on initial presentation owing to palpable peripheral pulses and the absence of ischemia and places the hand at risk of necrosis and amputation if there is prolonged ischemia and the forearm at risk of compartment syndrome after revascularization...
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265025/complex-terrain-experiments-in-the-new-european-wind-atlas
#12
J Mann, N Angelou, J Arnqvist, D Callies, E Cantero, R Chávez Arroyo, M Courtney, J Cuxart, E Dellwik, J Gottschall, S Ivanell, P Kühn, G Lea, J C Matos, J M L M Palma, L Pauscher, A Peña, J Sanz Rodrigo, S Söderberg, N Vasiljevic, C Veiga Rodrigues
The New European Wind Atlas project will create a freely accessible wind atlas covering Europe and Turkey, develop the model chain to create the atlas and perform a series of experiments on flow in many different kinds of complex terrain to validate the models. This paper describes the experiments of which some are nearly completed while others are in the planning stage. All experiments focus on the flow properties that are relevant for wind turbines, so the main focus is the mean flow and the turbulence at heights between 40 and 300 m...
April 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259162/joint-specific-assessment-of-swelling-and-power-doppler-in-obese-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#13
Erin M Bauer, Ami Ben-Artzi, Erin L Duffy, David A Elashoff, Sitaram S Vangala, John Fitzgerald, Veena K Ranganath
BACKGROUND: Clinical swollen joint examination of the obese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient can be difficult. Musculoskeletal Ultrasound (MSUS) has higher sensitivity than physical examination for swollen joints (SJ). The purpose of this study was to determine the joint-specific association between power Doppler (PDUS) and clinical SJ in RA across body mass index (BMI) categories. METHODS: Cross-sectional clinical and laboratory data were collected on 43 RA patients...
March 4, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249505/electro-optic-modulation-of-a-laser-at-microwave-frequencies-for-interferometric-purposes
#14
Paul E Specht, Brook A Jilek
A multi-point microwave interferometer (MPMI) concept was previously proposed by the authors for spatially-resolved, non-invasive tracking of a shock, reaction, or detonation front in energetic media [P. Specht et al., AIP Conf. Proc. 1793, 160010 (2017).]. The advantage of the MPMI concept over current microwave interferometry techniques is its detection of Doppler shifted microwave signals through electro-optic (EO) modulation of a laser. Since EO modulation preserves spatial variations in the Doppler shift, collecting the EO modulated laser light into a fiber array for recording with an optical heterodyne interferometer yields spatially-resolved velocity information...
February 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248195/the-comparisons-between-thermography-and-ultrasonography-with-physical-examination-for-wrist-joint-assessment-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#15
Butsabong Lerkvaleekul, Suphaneewan Jaovisidha, Witaya Sungkarat, Niyata Chitrapazt, Praman Fuangfa, Thumanoon Ruangchaijatuporn, Soamarat Vilaiyuk
This study aimed to assess infrared thermography (IRT) and ultrasonography (US) for detecting wrist arthritis in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients. Although IRT could help us detecting joint inflammation, IRT studies in JIA patients with wrist arthritis are still limited. Currently, no validated US criteria exist for detecting arthritis, and the most useful parameters between Gray-scale ultrasound (GSUS) or Power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) remain unclear. Therefore, this study focused on detecting wrist arthritis in varying degrees using IRT and US compared with physical examination...
March 1, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225646/conventional-and-zoomit-dwi-for-evaluation-of-testis-in-patients-with-ipsilateral-varicocele
#16
İsmail Okan Yıldırım, Semih Sağlık, Hüseyin Çelik
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to investigate the effects of varicocele on testis parenchyma by using ZOOMit DWI and conventional DWI and to compare both diffusion methods. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients with unilateral varicocele diagnosed by physical examination and color Doppler ultrasound between July 2015 and December 2015 and 32 healthy volunteers were included in the study. ZOOMit and conventional DWI were performed for all patients with a 3-T MRI scanner...
February 22, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211726/realization-of-translational-symmetry-in-trapped-cold-ion-rings
#17
Hao-Kun Li, Erik Urban, Crystal Noel, Alexander Chuang, Yang Xia, Anthony Ransford, Boerge Hemmerling, Yuan Wang, Tongcang Li, Hartmut Häffner, Xiang Zhang
We crystallize up to 15 ^{40}Ca^{+} ions in a ring with a microfabricated silicon surface Paul trap. Delocalization of the Doppler laser-cooled ions shows that the translational symmetry of the ion ring is preserved at millikelvin temperatures. By characterizing the collective motion of the ion crystals, we identify homogeneous electric fields as the dominant symmetry-breaking mechanism at this energy scale. With increasing ion numbers, such detrimental effects are reduced. We predict that, with only a ten-ion ring, uncompensated homogeneous fields will not break the translational symmetry of the rotational ground state...
February 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211004/point-of-care-ultrasound-and-doppler-ultrasound-evaluation-of-vascular-injuries-in-penetrating-and-blunt-trauma
#18
REVIEW
Miguel Angel Montorfano, Fernando Pla, Leonardo Vera, Omar Cardillo, Stefano Geniere Nigra, Lisandro Miguel Montorfano
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe point-of-care ultrasound and Color flow Duplex Doppler characteristics of penetrating and blunt trauma-related vascular injuries of the limbs and neck. METHODS: Penetrating and blunt trauma-related vascular injuries such as vein disruption, intimal flap, deep vein thrombosis, arterial dissection, pseudoaneurysm, and arteriovenous fistulae are discussed in this manuscript. Images of the most significant lesions of our personal clinical experience are presented to illustrate point-of-care ultrasound and Color flow Duplex Doppler ultrasound findings...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158119/development-of-a-compact-optical-absolute-frequency-reference-for-space-with-10-sup-15-sup-instability
#19
Thilo Schuldt, Klaus Döringshoff, Evgeny V Kovalchuk, Anja Keetman, Julia Pahl, Achim Peters, Claus Braxmaier
We report on a compact and ruggedized setup for laser frequency stabilization employing Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine near 532 nm. Using a 30 cm long iodine cell in a triple-pass configuration in combination with noise-canceling detection and residual amplitude modulation control, a frequency instability of 6×10<sup>-15</sup> at 1 s integration time and a Flicker noise floor below 3×10<sup>-15</sup> for integration times between 100 and 1000 s was found. A specific assembly-integration technology was applied for the realization of the spectroscopy setup, ensuring high beam pointing stability and high thermal and mechanical rigidity...
February 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155328/advanced-laser-based-techniques-for-gas-phase-diagnostics-in-combustion-and-aerospace-engineering
#20
Andreas Ehn, Jiajian Zhu, Xuesong Li, Johannes Kiefer
Gaining information of species, temperature, and velocity distributions in turbulent combustion and high-speed reactive flows is challenging, particularly for conducting measurements without influencing the experimental object itself. The use of optical and spectroscopic techniques, and in particular laser-based diagnostics, has shown outstanding abilities for performing non-intrusive in situ diagnostics. The development of instrumentation, such as robust lasers with high pulse energy, ultra-short pulse duration, and high repetition rate along with digitized cameras exhibiting high sensitivity, large dynamic range, and frame rates on the order of MHz, has opened up for temporally and spatially resolved volumetric measurements of extreme dynamics and complexities...
March 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
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