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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30649491/imaging-and-diagnostic-advances-for-intracranial-meningiomas
#1
Raymond Y Huang, Wenya Linda Bi, Brent Griffith, Timothy J Kaufmann, Christian la Fougère, Nils Ole Schmidt, Jöerg C Tonn, Michael A Vogelbaum, Patrick Y Wen, Kenneth Aldape, Farshad Nassiri, Gelareh Zadeh, Ian F Dunn
The archetypal imaging characteristics of meningiomas are among the most stereotypic of all central nervous system (CNS) tumors. In the era of plain film and ventriculography, imaging was only performed if a mass was suspected, and their results were more suggestive than definitive. Following more than a century of technological development, we can now rely on imaging to non-invasively diagnose meningioma with great confidence and precisely delineate the locations of these tumors relative to their surrounding structures to inform treatment planning...
January 14, 2019: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30648096/diagnostic-accuracy-of-ultrasound-in-detecting-retained-products-of-conception-a-study-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-karachi-pakistan
#2
Hina Iqbal, Muhammad Salman Khan, Aeman Muneeb, Waseem A Mirza
Introduction Retained products of conception (RPOC) are a known complication after abortion or childbirth. To improve clinical evaluation and avoid unnecessary surgery, transvaginal scan is performed in suspected cases. However, both RPOC and blood clots appear isoechoic on ultrasound, and false positives can lead to unnecessary intervention. In this study, the ultrasound findings have been correlated with the histopathology (as a gold standard) to determine the diagnostic value of sonography in the detection of RPOC in postpartum or post-abortion patients...
November 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646840/epidemiology-of-non-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-uganda-a-single-center-prospective-study-with-mri-evaluation
#3
Abdu K Musubire, David B Meya, Elly T Katabira, Ana Claire L Meyer, Paul R Bohjanen, David R Boulware, Frank Minja
BACKGROUND: A few reliable national data concerning the etiology of non-traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) in sub-Sahara Africa exists, mainly because of the limitations of diagnostic imaging. These are both expensive and mostly unavailable in several resource-limited settings. Only a few studies have employed the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in documenting non-traumatic SCI and most of these studies are from South Africa. We sought to describe the clinical presentation, MRI radiological patterns, and one-year survival among subjects with non-traumatic SCI in Uganda...
January 15, 2019: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646645/-analysis-of-individual-dose-monitoring-results-among-radiation-workers-in-a-first-class-hospital-at-grade-3-from-2010-to-2017
#4
X J Zhu, Q Q Du, Z H Lu, K K Yuan, H Z Yang
Objective: To understand the occupational external exposure dose among radiation workers in a first - class hospital at Grade 3 of Suzhou, and to provide reference for radiological protection. Methods: The individual dose of 1156 radiation workers in the hospital from 2010 to 2017 were detected, the annual collective effective dose and per capita annual effective dose were analyzed for different years, different occupations (diagnostic radiology, radiotherapy, nuclear medicine, interventional radiology) , gender, and age...
November 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30644807/radiation-dose-monitoring-for-fluoroscopically-guided-interventional-procedures-effect-on-patient-radiation-exposure
#5
Bob Liu, Joshua A Hirsch, Xinhua Li, Robert M Sheridan, Madan M Rehani, Hui Zheng, James D Rabinov
Purpose To analyze the clinical effect of continuous dose monitoring and patient follow-up for fluoroscopically guided vascular interventional procedures over 8 years. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, an in-house semiautomated system was developed for fluoroscopic dose monitoring. The quarterly number of procedures from January 2010 to December 2017 was analyzed with count time series to estimate quarterly change rate. Technologists recorded four dose surrogates in custom fields of institutional dictation software through a Web interface...
January 15, 2019: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30644369/predictors-of-bleeding-complications-following-percutaneous-image-guided-liver-biopsy-a-scoping-review
#6
Mehran Midia, Devang Odedra, Anatoly Shuster, Ramin Midia, Jeffrey Muir
PURPOSE: Percutaneous tissue biopsy is a mainstay of diagnostic and interventional radiology, providing a minimally invasive method for diagnosing malignant and benign disease. The purpose of this review was to collect and summarize the best available evidence regarding the risk factors associated with bleeding complications in image-guided liver biopsy. METHODS: A literature review was performed, searching Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technology in Health (CADTH) databases for any studies evaluating bleeding complications in image-guided liver biopsy...
January 2019: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30644302/evaluation-of-the-use-of-autologous-micro-fragmented-adipose-tissue-in-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-preliminary-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
G M Perretti, M Ulivi, L De Girolamo, V Meroni, M D Lombardo, L Mangiavini
Articular cartilage injuries are still unsolved due to the limited intrinsic healing potential of this tissue. Unlike other tissues, inflammation in the synovial joint causes perpetual damage and progressively leads to the development of osteoarthritis. Previous in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated the efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells isolated from adipose tissue in modulating inflammation. In this study, we analyzed the role of these cells in modifying the pathological microenvironment present in knee osteoarthritis...
November 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30643359/initial-management-for-acute-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#8
REVIEW
Tomonori Aoki, Yoshihiro Hirata, Atsuo Yamada, Kazuhiko Koike
Acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) is a common indication for hospital admission. Patients with LGIB often experience persistent or recurrent bleeding and require blood transfusions and interventions, such as colonoscopic, radiological, and surgical treatments. Appropriate decision-making is needed to initially manage acute LGIB, including emergency hospitalization, timing of colonoscopy, and medication use. In this literature review, we summarize the evidence for initial management of acute LGIB...
January 7, 2019: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30642276/bilateral-renal-artery-stenosis-as-a-cause-of-refractory-intradialytic-hypertension-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#9
Zachary Wolfmueller, Kunal Goyal, Bhanu Prasad
BACKGROUND: We report a 61-year-old female with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to polycystic kidney disease (PKD) complicated by intradialytic hypertension (IDH). Increased sympathetic drive leading to increased stroke volume and/or vasoconstriction with an inappropriate increase in peripheral vascular resistance (PVR) has been postulated to be the cause of IDH. CASE PRESENTATION: Attempts to control her blood pressure by reducing her goal weight; increasing dialysis times/ frequency and decreasing her sodium concentrate in the dialysis fluid were unsuccessful...
January 14, 2019: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30637156/study-of-surgical-anatomy-of-portal-vein-of-liver-segments-by-cast-method-and-its-clinical-implications
#10
Vidya C Shrikantaiah, Manjaunatha Basappa, Sangita Hazrika, Roopa Ravindranath
Portal vein provides about three-fourths of liver's blood supply. Portal vein is formed behind the neck of pancreas, at the level of the second lumbar vertebra and formed from the convergence of superior mesenteric and splenic veins. The purpose of this study is to review the normal distribution and variation, morphometry of portal vein and its branches for their implication in liver surgery and preoperative portal vein embolization. It is also helpful for radiologists while performing radiological procedures...
December 2018: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30637155/a-cadaveric-study-on-variations-in-branching-pattern-of-external-carotid-artery
#11
Deepa Devadas, Minnie Pillay, Tintu Thottiyil Sukumaran
Variations in the vascular anatomy of the carotid triangle have been reported in current scientific literature. The carotid arteries, being the major feeding arteries of the head and neck deserve special importance and protection from iatrogenic injury during radiological evaluations and surgical interventions. The present study was carried out over a period of 4 years from 2012-2016 to assess the variant anatomy of external carotid artery. The external carotid artery and its branches were dissected bilaterally in 40 formalin embalmed cadavers...
December 2018: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30636381/value-of-renal-pelvic-diameter-and-utd-classification-in-prediction-of-urinary-tract-anomalies
#12
Evrim Kargin Cakici, Ozlem Aydog, Fehime Kara Eroglu, Fatma Yazilitas, Sare Gulfem Ozlu, Cigdem Uner, Rahime Renda, Engin Yılmaz, Mehmet Bulbul
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to identify the cut-off values of postnatal anteroposterior renal pelvic diameter (APRPD) and we present our data based on the Urinary Tract Dilation (UTD) classification system to identify the predictors for final diagnosis of urinary tract dilation and the need for surgery. METHODS: A total of 260 infants (336 renal units) with prenatally detected urinary tract dilation were prospectively evaluated with serial ultrasonography by the same radiologist...
January 13, 2019: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30634101/simultaneous-intra-operative-sclerotherapy-and-surgical-resection-of-cervicofacial-venous-malformations
#13
Carol J MacArthur, Gary Nesbit
OBJECTIVES: To review simultaneous intra-operative sclerotherapy (IOS) with immediate surgical resection for the treatment of cervicofacial venous malformations (VMs) at a single institution. While pre-operative sclerotherapy (POS) has been reported in the literature, simultaneous intra-operative sclerotherapy and surgery in the operating room has not. METHODS: The database from the Hemangioma and Vascular Birthmarks Clinic was reviewed. All patients in both groups had biopsy-proven VMs...
December 25, 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30633116/long-term-tumor-control-with-radiotherapy-for-symptomatic-hemangioma-of-a-vertebral-body
#14
Akash Dipak Parekh, Robert J Amdur, William M Mendenhall, Christopher G Morris, Robert A Zlotecki
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective outcomes review. OBJECTIVE: To analyze and report long-term outcomes in a cohort of patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) for symptomatic hemangioma of a vertebral body. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Data are scarce on the rate of tumor control with long-term (>5 year) follow-up after RT for symptomatic hemangioma of a vertebral body. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients treated at our institution between 1971 and 2008 for symptomatic hemangioma of a vertebral body, updated their follow-up, analyzed complications, and calculated the tumor control rate...
January 7, 2019: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30632340/management-and-outcome-of-jaundice-secondary-to-malignancies-of-the-gall-bladder-biliary-tree-and-pancreas-a-single-centre-experience
#15
Adnan Salim, Sadia Jabbar, Farhan Ul Amin, Kashif Malik
BACKGROUND: Obstructive jaundice due to malignancies of the biliary tree, gall bladder and pancreas account for a significant number of patients managed by tertiary centres. Management options are curative or palliative, depending on disease stage. This study was performed to see the effectiveness of treatment modalities for these patients and eventual outcome. METHODS: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted at the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Shaikh Zayed Hospital Lahore, from January 2015 to June 2016...
October 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30630298/clinical-significance-of-radical-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-silent-corticotroph-adenoma
#16
Junhyung Kim, Seon Jin Yoon, Ju Hyung Moon, Cheol Ryong Ku, Se Hoon Kim, Eun Jig Lee, Sun Ho Kim, Eui Hyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Silent corticotroph adenomas (SCA) are endocrine-inactive pituitary adenomas with positive immunohistochemistry staining for adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). We investigated whether SCA-associated clinical profiles were more aggressive than hormonally negative adenomas (HNA). METHODS: Among 627 patients with pathologically proven endocrine-inactive pituitary adenomas between 2004 and 2013, positive immunohistochemistry revealed 55 SCAs and 411 HNAs...
January 2019: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30628112/comparative-outcomes-in-patients-with-ulcer-vs-non-ulcer-related-acute-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-the-united-kingdom-a-nationwide-cohort-of-4478-patients
#17
Michael Sai Lai Sey, Seid B Mohammed, Mayur Brahmania, Siddharth Singh, Brennan C Kahan, Vipul Jairath
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) have historically focused on ulcer-related causes. Little is known regarding non-ulcer bleeding, the most common cause of NVUGIB. AIMS: To compare outcomes between ulcer- and non-ulcer-related NVUGIB and explore whether these could be explained by differences in baseline characteristics, bleeding severity or processes of care. METHODS: Analysis of 4474 patients with NVUGIB from 212 United Kingdom hospitals as part of a nationwide audit...
January 9, 2019: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30627752/-acute-abdominal-trauma
#18
REVIEW
A Gäble, F Mück, M Mühlmann, S Wirth
BACKGROUND: In patients with multiple trauma, abdominal involvement is a particularly relevant injury pattern. Depending on the intensity and manner of injury, heterogeneous but often typical organ manifestations result. Knowledge of these injury patterns is essential for targeted diagnostics and treatment. OBJECTIVE: This review provides a presentation of typical forms of abdominal injury with appropriate radiological techniques and where applicable treatment...
January 9, 2019: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30627493/surgical-treatment-for-a-giant-solitary-plasmacytoma-with-skull-erosion
#19
Yi-Hsuan Kuo, Wen-Cheng Huang, Jau-Ching Wu
Solitary plasmacytoma of the skull, a single malignant monoclonal plasma cell proliferation without systemic involvement, is rare and often misdiagnosed by radiological examinations only. In this article, the authors presented a 40-year-old man who had a painless protruding mass over the midline of the posterior head region. A brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an enhanced mass lesion over the midline of the parieto-occipital region with skull erosion. Under the tentative diagnosis of meningioma, craniectomy was performed with en bloc tumor resection, and the skull defect was replaced by cranioplasty with bone cement...
November 1, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30627341/grisel-syndrome-presenting-as-hemiplegia-in-a-patient-with-multifocal-staphylococcal-sepsis
#20
Vincent L Mkochi, Nyengo Mkandawire
Introduction: Grisel syndrome is a non-traumatic rotary subluxation of C1 on C2 (atlantoaxial subluxation). It is a rare condition predominantly described in paediatric population with previous history of upper respiratory infections orotolaryngeal procedures. The diagnosis is established by the association of clinical and radiologic findings4,6.We report a case of 15-year old boy with Grisel syndrome accompanying multifocal sepsis (pericarditis, septic polyarthritis, pneumonia and pharangytis ), treated surgically - occipital cervical fusion using struts of iliac crest tri-cortical graft wired to the occiput and C3 and C4...
June 2018: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
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