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Theophilus Aanuoluwa Adagunodo, Sebastian Lüning, Adekunle Michael Adeleke, Julius Oluwasegun Omidiora, Ahzegbobor Philips Aizebeokhai, Kehinde David Oyeyemi, Olaide Sakiru Hammed
This article evaluates the occurrence of 0 [Formula: see text] M [Formula: see text] 8 earthquake data sets for the period of 50 years (that is, January 1, 1966 to December 31, 2015) in African and Western Asia region. It is bounded by latitude 40° S to 40° N and longitude 30° W to 60° E with the focal depth of 0-700 km. Seventy seven thousand, six hundred and ninety-six data points were presented for the analysis. The data used were extracted from earthquake catalog of Advanced National Seismic system via http://quake...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Masako Matsugasumi, Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Hiroshi Okada, Muhei Tanaka, Toshihiro Kimura, Noriyuki Kitagawa, Yoshimitsu Tanaka, Yukiko Fukuda, Ryousuke Sakai, Masahiro Yamazaki, Yohei Oda, Naoto Nakamura, Michiaki Fukui
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to elucidate the association between taste acuity and serum zinc concentration in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We enrolled 29 patients who were hospitalized and asked them to attend a 2-week diabetes education program. Fasting blood samples were obtained on the morning of the first day and 2 weeks after hospitalization. The acuity of sweet, salty, sour or bitter taste was evaluated by a filter-paper disc method. Correlations among taste acuity, glycemic control and serum zinc concentration were analyzed using the Spearman rank correlation coefficient...
January 9, 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Li Liu, Di Xiao, Jin-Hong Yu, Rui Shen, Meng Wang, Qiang Li
OBJECTIVES: In China, the epidemic pattern of acute hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection has changed from waterborne outbreaks to foodborne sporadic cases. However, the clinical course of sporadic acute hepatitis E has not been well defined. METHODS: Consecutive AHE inpatients who were admitted to the Jinan Infectious Disease Hospital, Jinan, Shandong Province, between January 2003 and December 2014 were evaluated and followed. Demographic data, clinical manifestations, results of laboratory tests,and outcomes were recorded...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Inbal Maidan, Freek Nieuwhof, Hagar Bernad-Elazari, Bastiaan R Bloem, Nir Giladi, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Jurgen A H R Claassen, Anat Mirelman
BACKGROUND: In a randomized control trial conducted in patients with Parkinson's disease, a treadmill training program combined with virtual reality that targeted motor and cognitive aspects of safe ambulation led to fewer falls, compared with treadmill training alone. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the 2 types of training differentially affected prefrontal activation and if this might explain differences in fall rates after the intervention. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with Parkinson's disease were randomized into the treadmill training arm (n = 34, mean age 73...
March 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Zhi-Jing Zhang, Yi-Sheng Lu, Hong Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare radiographic results and clinical effects of titanium mesh cage with two endcaps(on-endcaps titanium mesh cage) and without endcaps(non-endcaps titanium mesh cage) in anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion(ACCF) for elderly cervical spondylotic myelopathy. METHODS: The clinical data of 60 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy underwent ACCF from January 2011 to January 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 26 males and 34 females, aged from 68 to 79 years old with a mean 75...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Jane H Brice, Matthew A Psioda, Renee Johnson, Amy Oakley, Julianne M Cyr, Christopher S Cowden, Richard Uribe
BACKGROUND: Accessing the emergency medical services system via 9-1-1 operators is an effective way for patients to seek urgent health care; however, technological advances and telecommunication practices inundate the 9-1-1 and emergency services infrastructure with unintentional calls that delay response efforts to legitimate medical emergencies. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the change in university-wide dial-out prefix from "9" to "7" reduced unnecessary calls to a 9-1-1 call center...
March 9, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Lingchen Kong, Jianzhong Li, Peng Wu, Jianhua Xu, Honglei Li, Haifei Long, Pan Liu, Fangfang Wei, Wenhong Peng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the curative effect of lateral position ventilation combined with vibration sputum drainage on the patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. The patients with ARDS undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV) admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Linyi Central Hospital from January 2013 to June 2017 were enrolled, and they were divided into simple ventilation group and combined treatment group according to random number table...
March 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Chiara M A Cefalo, Caterina Conte, Gian Pio Sorice, Simona Moffa, Vinsin A Sun, Francesca Cinti, Enrica Salomone, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Alex A G Brocchi, Alfredo Pontecorvi, Teresa Mezza, Andrea Giaccari
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate whether vitamin D supplementation, combined with a hypocaloric diet, could have an independent effect on insulin sensitivity in subjects with both overweight and hypovitaminosis D. Changes from baseline in anthropometric parameters, body composition, glucose tolerance, and insulin secretion were considered as secondary outcomes. METHODS: Eighteen volunteers who were nondiabetic and vitamin D deficient and had BMI > 25 kg/m2 were randomized (1:1) in a double-blind manner to a hypocaloric diet + either oral cholecalciferol at 25,000 IU/wk or placebo for 3 months...
March 4, 2018: Obesity
Patrizia D Hofer, Karina Wahl, Andrea H Meyer, Marcel Miché, Katja Beesdo-Baum, Shiu F Wong, Jessica R Grisham, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Roselind Lieb
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with other mental disorders has been demonstrated repeatedly. Few longitudinal studies, however, have evaluated the temporal association of prior OCD and subsequent mental disorders across the age period of highest risk for first onset of mental disorders. We examined associations between prior OCD and a broad range of subsequent mental disorders and simulated proportions of new onsets of mental disorders that could potentially be attributed to prior OCD, assuming a causal relationship...
February 28, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
Eglė Rudaitytė-Lukošienė, Petras Prakas, Dalius Butkauskas, Liuda Kutkienė, Iglė Vepštaitė-Monstavičė, Elena Servienė
Diaphragm muscles of 25 sika deer (Cervus nippon) farmed in Lithuania were examined for sarcocysts of Sarcocystis species. Two new Sarcocystis species, Sarcocystis frondea and Sarcocystis nipponi, were observed using light microscopy (LM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and characterized by 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and subunit I of cytochrome c oxidase (cox1) sequence analyses. By LM, sarcocysts of S. frondea and S. nipponi were ribbon-shaped and had finger-like sarcocyst wall protrusions, respectively...
February 26, 2018: Parasitology Research
Mamoru Takeuchi, Hironori Imano, Isao Muraki, Yuji Shimizu, Mina Hayama-Terada, Akihiko Kitamura, Takeo Okada, Masahiko Kiyama, Hiroyasu Iso
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between low serum creatinine levels and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and dysglycemia. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 3313 Japanese male workers aged 30-55 years, who underwent annual health check-ups during 2001-2008 and showed no type 2 diabetes mellitus, and underwent follow-up examinations until March 2013. Dysglycemia was defined as a fasting plasma glucose concentration of ≥ 110 mg/dL (6...
February 26, 2018: Veterinary Record
Marcello Bianchini, Giulia Cavani, Ambra Bonaccorso, Laura Turco, Francesco Vizzutti, Alessandro Sartini, Stefano Gitto, Alberto Merighi, Federico Banchelli, Erica Villa, Filippo Schepis
INTRODUCTION: Anticoagulants are commonly indicated in cirrhotic patients due to high rate of (pro)thrombotic conditions. Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) is safe in patients with esophageal varices. However, the safety of LMWH is unknown in patients undergoing prophylactic endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL). AIM: To define the 4-week risk of bleeding and death after prophylactic EVL in cirrhotic patients continuously treated with LMWH. METHODS: All EVLs performed at a tertiary Italian Center from 2009 to 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
February 22, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
O V Stukalova, N A Mironova, S P Golitsyn, O P Aparina, D V Parkhomenko, E Y Strazdenj, S K Ternovoy
BACKGROUND: in the recent years, there has been an increasing number of publications postulating that data on left atrial (LA) structure obtained by late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (LGE MRI) can improve the management of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). At the same time, similar data regarding healthy LA myocardium is limited. AIM: to assess structural and functional properties of LA in healthy volunteers (HV) using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) (including LGE MRI); to compare these properties in patients with AF and HV...
September 2017: Kardiologiia
Logan W Carr, Sebastian M Brooke, T Shane Johnson, Brett F Michelotti
Background: The lateral arm flap is used for composite defects in need of vascularized soft tissue, skin, and bone. From its original description, the distal humeral metaphysis can be included with the flap, supplied by the periosteal extensions of the posterior branch of the radial collateral artery. We sought to reexplore the anatomy of the lateral arm to determine its utility as a donor site for vascularized bone. Methods: Twelve fresh, silicone-injected cadaver dissections were performed...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Kentaro Yamada, Yuichiro Abe, Shigenobu Satoh
OBJECTIVE S-2 alar iliac (S2AI) screws are commonly used as anchors for lumbosacral fixation. A serious potential complication of screw insertion is major vascular injury due to anterior or caudal screw deviation. To avoid screw deviation, the pelvic inlet view on intraoperative fluoroscopy images is recommended. However, there has been no detailed investigation of optimal fluoroscopic incline with the pelvic inlet view. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety margins and to optimize fluoroscopic settings to avoid screw deviation with 2 reported insertion techniques using 3D analysis software and CT...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
M Mahesh, K V Arivizhivendhan, K Nivetha, S Swarnalatha, G Sekaran
Anaerobic digestion of post-tanning wastewater was performed in batch anaerobic digester to evaluate the effect of COD/sulphate ratio [0.62, 0.69, and 1.20 (w/w) %] and F/M ratio [0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9, 1.1, 1.3, and 1.5 (w/w) %)] on the removal efficiency of COD. The F/M ratio of 0.3 was found to be the optimum ratio for the removal of COD by 53, 57, and 65%, respectively at COD/sulphate ratio of 0.62, 0.69, and 1.20. The maximum sulphate removal was observed at F/M ratio of 0.2 and the removal efficiency was 48, 50, and 58% at COD/sulphate ratio of 0...
February 2018: 3 Biotech
Jakub Kokštejn, Martin Musálek, James J Tufano
Background: The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-second edition (MABC-2) Age Band 1 is widely used to identify preschoolers with motor difficulties. Despite unsatisfactory construct validity of the original three-factor model, MABC-2 (manual dexterity, aiming and catching, and balance), previous research has not considered possible age and gender differences throughout the entire preschool period. Aim: The aim of this study was to verify the construct validity of the MABC-2 Age Band 1 in a population of Czech preschoolers with respect to age and gender...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Gregory W McGarr, Gary J Hodges, Matthew M Mallette, Stephen S Cheung
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury impairs microcirculatory function by reducing nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and increasing sympathetic tone. This study non-invasively examined the effects of acute upper limb IR injury on local thermal hyperemia (LTH) in glabrous and non-glabrous finger skin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In ten healthy males, LTH was examined twice (~7-10 d apart) for each skin type on the index finger using laser-Doppler flowmetry in a counterbalanced design with either 1) 20 min ischemia, followed by reperfusion (ISCH) or 2) time-matched control (SHAM)...
February 10, 2018: Microvascular Research
George Wilson, Dan Martin, James P Morton, Graeme L Close
Despite consistent reports of poor bone health in male jockeys, it is not yet known if this is a consequence of low energy availability or lack of an osteogenic stimulus. Given the rationale that low energy availability is a contributing factor in low bone health, we tested the hypothesis that both hip and lumbar bone mineral density (BMD) should progressively worsen in accordance with the years of riding. In a cross-sectional design, male apprentice (n=17) and senior (n=14) jockeys (matched for body mass and fat free mass) were assessed for hip and lumbar spine BMD as well as both measured and predicted resting metabolic rate (RMR)...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Jill A McDonald, Katherine Selchau, Bridget Acquah-Baidoo
Maternal Zika virus infection (ZIKV) has serious health consequences for unborn offspring. Knowledge about prevention is critical to reducing risk, yet what women in the high-risk US-Mexico border region know about protecting themselves and their babies from ZIKV is mostly unknown. This study aimed to assess knowledge of ZIKV among pregnant and inter-conception women and to identify sources of information that might address knowledge gaps. Clients in five federally-funded, border region Healthy Start programs (N = 326) were interviewed in late 2016 about their knowledge of ZIKV prevention methods and whether they believed themselves or their babies to be at risk...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Community Health
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