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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784159/changes-in-corneal-biomechanical-properties-after-24-hours-of-continuous-intraocular-pressure-monitoring-using-a-contact-lens-sensor
#1
Laura Morales-Fernandez, Javier Garcia-Bella, Jose M Martinez-de-la-Casa, Rubén Sanchez-Jean, Federico Saenz-Frances, Pedro Arriola-Villalobos, Lucia Perucho, Enrique Santos-Bueso, Julian Garcia-Feijoo
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess changes in corneal topography and biomechanics after intraocular pressure (IOP) monitoring using the Triggerfish contact lens sensor (CLS). METHODS: For this prospective study, 30 eyes of 30 subjects: 14 healthy subjects (G1) and 6 glaucoma patients (G2), were recruited for 24 hours of continuous IOP monitoring using the CLS. The following measurements were taken before CLS fitting and after lens removal: maximum keratometry (Kmax), mean keratometry (MK), and corneal astigmatism (Cyl) measured through Pentacam corneal topography, and the corneal biomechanical variables corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) measured with the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA)...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772860/-effect-observation-of-percutaneous-pedicle-screw-fixation-combined-with-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-for-the-treatment-of-osteoporotic-thoracolumbar-fractures
#2
Nan Wang, Jian-Zhu Xu, En-Liang Chen, Shi-Jie Zhao, Ren-Fu Quan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation(PPSF) combined with percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP) for the treatment of osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures. METHODS: The clinical data of 94 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures treated from January 2014 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 31 males and 63 females, aged from 65 to 70 years old with an average of 67.2 years. Fracture level was T₁₁ on 15 cases, T₁₂ on 32 cases, L₁ on 29 cases and L₂ on 18 cases...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772291/watching-television-or-listening-to-music-while-exercising-failed-to-affect-post-exercise-food-intake-or-energy-expenditure-in-male-adolescents
#3
Holly Livock, Joel D Barnes, Catherine Pouliot, Allana G LeBlanc, Travis J Saunders, Mark S Tremblay, Denis Prud'homme, Jean-Philippe Chaput
Watching television or listening to music while exercising can serve as motivating factors, making it more pleasant to exercise for some people. However, it is unknown whether these stimuli influence food intake and/or physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) for the remainder of the day, potentially impacting energy balance and weight control. We examined the effects of watching television or listening to music while exercising on post-exercise energy intake and expenditure. Our study was a randomized crossover design, in which 24 male adolescents (mean age: 14...
May 14, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758560/prospective-randomized-trial-comparing-embryo-transfers-of-cases-with-and-without-catheter-rotation-during-its-withdrawal
#4
Cigdem Yayla Abide, Enis Ozkaya, Ilhan Sanverdi, Evrim Bostancı Ergen, Meryem Kurek Eken, Belgin Devranoglu, Bulent Emre Bilgiç, Cetin Kilicci, Semra Kayatas Eser
OBJECTIVE: To compare embryo transfer (ET) technique based on catheter rotation during its withdrawal in cases with unexplained infertility in a prospective, randomized trial (NCT03097042). METHODS: Two hundred intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) patients undergoing ET with cleaving or blastocyst-stage fresh embryos were randomized into 2 groups: cases with (n = 100), and without (n = 100) catheter rotation during its withdrawal. Groups were matched for age and some clinical parameters...
May 14, 2018: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757824/improvements-in-key-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-variables-following-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#5
Dejana Popovic, Nikhil Kumar, Sundeep Chaudhry, Akshay Bagai, Ross Arena, Naresh Kumar
PURPOSE: Improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak) post-cardiac rehabilitation (post-CR) are used to gauge therapeutic efficacy. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of supervised CR on other cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) variables, specifically those that reflect ventilatory efficiency and VO2 changes in relation to changes in work rate (WR). METHODS: Patients (n = 142; mean age 63 ± 9 y; 23% female) with coronary artery disease (CAD) participated in supervised CR for 3 to 6 mo completing 60 ± 17 sessions (range: 32-96 sessions), with intensity derived from the baseline CPX...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757053/applying-a-low-fodmap-dietary-intervention-to-a-female-ultra-endurance-runner-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-during-a-multi-stage-ultra-marathon
#6
Stephanie K Gaskell, Ricardo J S Costa
Malabsorption of Fermentable Oligo- Di- and Mono-saccharides and Polyols (FODMAPs) in response to prolonged exercise may increase incidence of upper- and lower-gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS), which are known to impair exercise performance. The case-study aimed to explore the impact of a low-FODMAP diet on exercise-associated GIS in a female ultra-endurance runner diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), competing in a six-day 186.7 km mountainous multi-stage ultra-marathon (MSUM). IBS symptom severity score at diagnosis was 410 and following a low-FODMAP diet (3...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750766/infectious-morbidity-mortality-and-nutrition-in-hiv-exposed-uninfected-formula-fed-infants-results-from-the-hptn-040-pactg-1043-trial
#7
Nava Yeganeh, D Heather Watts, Jiahong Xu, Tara Kerin, Esau C Joao, Jose Henrique Pilotto, Gerhard Theron, Glenda Gray, Breno Santos, Rosana Fonseca, Regis Kreitchmann, Jorge Pinto, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Valdilea Veloso, Margaret Camarca, Lynne Mofenson, Jack Moye, Karin Nielsen-Saines
BACKGROUND: HIV exposed uninfected (HEU) infants are a growing population with potentially poor health outcomes. We evaluated morbidity and mortality in HEU formula-fed infants enrolled in the NICHD HPTN 040/PACTG 1043 trial. METHODS: Infectious morbidity, mortality, and undernutrition were evaluated within a cohort of 1,000 HEU infants enrolled between 4/2004 and 4/2010 in Brazil (N=766) and South Africa (N=234) as part of the NICHD/HPTN 040 trial of three different antiretroviral regimens to decrease intrapartum HIV vertical transmission...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748714/morphological-and-molecular-analyses-of-bipteria-lusitanica-n-sp-in-wild-white-seabream-diplodus-sargus-linnaeus-1758-in-portugal
#8
Caner Sirin, Maria J Santos, Luis F Rangel
The present study records the presence of Bipteria lusitanica n. sp. in wild white seabream, Diplodus sargus (Linnaeus, 1758) off the Portuguese coast. Myxosporean parasites were found in the interstitial tissue of kidney and free in urinary bladder of D. sargus with a 33.3% of prevalence of infection. Myxospores were triangular or inversely pyramidal in shape and anteriorly wider in frontal view, measuring 11.2 ± 1.0 μm in length, 12.6 ± 0.9 μm in width, and 11.6 ± 0.4 μm in thickness. The sinuous sutural line was parallel to the axis that connects the center of the two polar capsules...
May 11, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747391/the-physical-activity-patterns-among-rural-chinese-adults-data-from-china-national-nutrition-and-health-survey-in-2010%C3%A2-2012
#9
Caicui Ding, Chao Song, Fan Yuan, Yan Zhang, Ganyu Feng, Zheng Chen, Ailing Liu
China has experienced a rapid increase in non-communicable diseases (NCDs), especially in rural China. In addition to a dramatic increase in energy intake, the decrease in physical activity (PA) may be a reason. The study described the patterns and factors of physical activity and sedentary behaviors of 70,038 adults in rural China, based on data from the Chinese Nutrition and Health Survey (CNNHS) in 2010⁻2012. The mean working time of the employed subjects was 6.04 ± 1.3 day/week, 8.38 ± 2.2 h/day, of which 3...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738800/is-initial-rhythm-in-ohca-a-predictor-of-preceding-no-flow-time-implications-for-bystander-response-and-ecpr-candidacy-evaluation
#10
Xavier Tanguay-Rioux, Brian Grunau, Robert Neumar, John Tallon, Robert Boone, Jim Christenson
OBJECTIVE: Shockable cardiac rhythms are associated with improved outcomes among out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA). Initial cardiac rhythm may also be predictive of a short preceding no-flow duration. We examined the relationship between no-flow duration and initial cardiac rhythm, which may demonstrate the urgency in rescuer response and assist with candidacy evaluation for extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR). METHODS: We examined consecutive adult OHCA's identified by a prospective registry in British Columbia (2005-2016)...
May 5, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728094/impact-of-new-technologies-on-stress-attrition-and-well-being-in-emergency-call-centers-the-nextgeneration-9-1-1-study-protocol
#11
Janet Baseman, Debra Revere, Ian Painter, Scott Stangenes, Michelle Lilly, Randal Beaton, Rebecca Calhoun, Hendrika Meischke
BACKGROUND: Our public health emergency response system relies on the "first of the first responders"-the emergency call center workforce that handles the emergency needs of a public in distress. Call centers across the United States have been preparing for the "Next Generation 9-1-1" initiative, which will allow citizens to place 9-1-1 calls using a variety of digital technologies. The impacts of this initiative on a workforce that is already highly stressed is unknown...
May 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716576/protocol-a-multi-level-intervention-program-to-reduce-stress-in-9-1-1-telecommunicators
#12
Hendrika Meischke, Michelle Lilly, Randal Beaton, Rebecca Calhoun, Ann Tu, Scott Stangenes, Ian Painter, Debra Revere, Janet Baseman
BACKGROUND: Nationwide, emergency response systems depend on 9-1-1 telecommunicators to prioritize, triage, and dispatch assistance to those in distress. 9-1-1 call center telecommunicators (TCs) are challenged by acute and chronic workplace stressors: tense interactions with citizen callers in crisis; overtime; shift-work; ever-changing technologies; and negative work culture, including co-worker conflict. This workforce is also subject to routine exposures to secondary traumatization while handling calls involving emergency situations and while making time urgent, high stake decisions over the phone...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716489/governance-of-rapid-response-teams-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#13
S S Sethi, R Chalwin
Rapid response systems (RRS) in hospitals in Australia and New Zealand (ANZ) have been present for more than 20 years but governance of the efferent limb-the rapid response team (RRT)-has not been previously reported in detail. The objectives of this study were to describe current governance arrangements for RRTs within ANZ and contrast those against expected implementation, using the Australian Commission for Safety and Quality in Health Care National Standard 9 (S9) as a benchmark. Assessment focused on S9 subclauses 9...
May 2018: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704625/tricyclic-antidepressants-inhibit-hippocampal-%C3%AE-7-and-%C3%AE-9%C3%AE-10-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-by-different-mechanisms
#14
Hugo R Arias, Elizabeth Vázquez-Gómez, Andy Hernández-Abrego, Sofía Gallino, Dominik Feuerbach, Marcelo O Ortells, Ana Belén Elgoyhen, Jesús García-Colunga
The activity of tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) at α7 and α9α10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) as well as at hippocampal α7-containing (i.e., α7*) AChRs is determined by using Ca2+ influx and electrophysiological recordings. To determine the inhibitory mechanisms, additional functional tests and molecular docking experiments are performed. The results established that TCAs (a) inhibit Ca2+ influx in GH3-α7 cells with the following potency (IC50 in µM) rank: amitriptyline (2.7 ± 0.3) > doxepin (5...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699031/-association-between-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-and-both-cardiovascular-total-mortality-events-in-middle-aged-chinese-adults
#15
Y Dong, Z W Wang, X Wang, Y Tian, L F Zhang, Z Chen, H Q Cao
Objective: To estimate the association between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and cardiovascular events as well as all-cause mortality events. Methods: During 2009- 2010, out of the 11 623 individuals, 1 000 participants aged 35-64 years, were recruited and divided into 12 age-groups, to have received a study on CVD risk factors. Information on the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases was also collected. Fasting blood sample was gathered for all the participants, with hs-CRP tested. Participants in 7 out of the 12 sites were followed, with 6...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692161/-predatory-and-control-ability-of-orius-minutus-to-the-diamondback-moth-lepidoptera-plutellidae
#16
Li Juan Sun, Wei Xian Yi, Chang Ying Zheng
In order to make clear the suitability of eggs of Plutella xylostella as foodstuff of Orius minutus and the predatory and control ability of the bug to P. xylostella, the influence of praying on eggs of P. xylostella on development and reproduction of O. minutus was studied indoors with Myzus persicae as reference. The predation functional response was included to evaluate the control ability of O. minutus to P. xylostella. The results showed that O. minutus could finish its generation and reproduce offspring when fed on eggs of P...
October 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684594/new-apetx-like-peptides-from-sea-anemone-heteractis-crispa-modulate-asic1a-channels
#17
Rimma Kalina, Irina Gladkikh, Pavel Dmitrenok, Oleg Chernikov, Sergey Koshelev, Aleksandra Kvetkina, Sergey Kozlov, Emma Kozlovskaya, Margarita Monastyrnaya
Sea anemones are an abundant source of various biologically active peptides. The hydrophobic 20% ethanol fraction of tropical sea anemone Heteractis crispa was shown to contain at least 159 peptide compounds including neurotoxins, proteinase and α-amylase inhibitors, as well as modulators of acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs). The three new peptides, π-AnmTX Hcr 1b-2, -3, and -4 (41 aa) (short names Hcr 1b-2, -3, -4), identified by a combination of reversed-phase liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry were found to belong to the class 1b sea anemone neurotoxins...
April 22, 2018: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672210/prognostic-utility-of-stress-testing-and-cardiac-biomarkers-in-menopausal-women-at-low-to-intermediate-risk-for-coronary-artery-disease-smart-study-5-year-outcome
#18
Sahar S Abdelmoneim, Caroline A Ball, Francesca Mantovani, Mary E Hagen, Susan Eifert-Rain, Susan Wilansky, Ramon Castello, Patricia A Pellikka, Patricia J M Best, Sharon L Mulvagh
BACKGROUND: In women with low to intermediate risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), prognostic detection strategies have been controversial. We present the follow-up data of the SMART trial in peri/postmenopausal women at low to intermediate risk of CAD. OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of contrast stress echocardiography (CSE), stress electrocardiogram (sECG), and serum biomarkers for prediction of cardiovascular events (CE) in peri/postmenopausal women at low to intermediate risk of CAD...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659952/abo-genotype-does-not-modify-the-association-between-the-blood-type-diet-and-biomarkers-of-cardiometabolic-disease-in-overweight-adults
#19
Jingzhou Wang, Joseph Jamnik, Bibiana García-Bailo, Daiva E Nielsen, David J A Jenkins, Ahmed El-Sohemy
Background: Although 7 million copies of Eat Right 4 Your Type have been sold in >60 languages, there has been a lack of evidence supporting the "blood-type" diet hypothesis. Objective: The present study aimed to examine the validity of this diet in overweight adults. Methods: A total of 973 adults [mean ± SEM age: 44.6 ± 0.4 y; mean ± SEM body mass index (BMI; kg/m2): 32.5 ± 0.2; 758 women, 215 men] were participants of the Toronto Healthy Diet Study...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623282/relationship-between-pitching-a-complete-game-and-spending-time-on-the-disabled-list-for-major-league-baseball-pitchers
#20
Brandon J Erickson, Peter N Chalmers, Anthony A Romeo, Christopher S Ahmad
Background: Injury rates among Major League Baseball pitchers have been increasing over the past several years. It is currently unknown whether pitching a complete game (CG) is a risk factor for spending time on the disabled list (DL). Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between pitching a CG and time on the DL. We hypothesized that pitchers who threw a CG (1) would be at increased risk for spending time on the DL, which would be earlier in the season and for a longer period, than those who did not and (2) would be at further increased risk for spending time on the DL during subsequent seasons than matched controls...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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