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hair follicle generating in vitro

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771334/%C3%AE-catenin-activation-in-hair-follicle-dermal-stem-cells-induces-ectopic-hair-outgrowth-and-skin-fibrosis
#1
Yixin Tao, Qingchun Yang, Lei Wang, Jie Zhang, Xuming Zhu, Qianqian Sun, Yunbin Han, Qian Luo, Yushu Wang, Xizhi Guo, Ji Wu, Baojie Li, Xiao Yang, Lin He, Gang Ma
Hair follicle dermal sheath (DS) harbors hair follicle dermal stem cells (hfDSCs), which can be recruited to replenish DS and dermal papilla (DP). Cultured DS cells can differentiate into various cell lineages in vitro. However, it is unclear how its plasticity is modulated in vivo. Wnt/β-catenin signaling plays an important role in maintaining stem cells of various lineages and is required for HF development and regeneration. Here we report that activation of β-catenin in DS generates ectopic HF outgrowth (EF) by reprogramming HF epidermal cells and DS cells themselves, and endows DS cells with hair inducing ability...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704117/regeneration-of-mouse-skin-melanocyte-stem-cells-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#2
Ke Yang, Weiming Qiu, Pei-Rong Gu, Mingxing Lei
Coordinated regeneration of melanocyte stem cells (McSCs) and hair follicle stem cells (HSCs) contributes to generation of pigmented hairs. Synchronous regeneration of McSCs with activation of HSCs occurs not only during initiation of a new hair cycle in vivo but also during reconstitution of hair follicles in vitro. The duration of the quiescent state of these stem cells becomes longer and longer in lifespan of mammals, leading to a decreased regenerative ability to form hair follicles. Here, we describe methods to activate McSCs during hair follicle regeneration in vivo, and isolate melanocytes from neonatal mouse skin to generate an immortalized cell line of melanocyte progenitors in vitro, aiming to use them for studying melanogenesis and future clinical application...
April 28, 2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693730/culture-of-the-human-pilosebaceous-unit-hair-follicle-and-sebaceous-gland
#3
REVIEW
Michael P Philpott
Terence Kealey first pioneered the isolation and organ maintenance of human eccrine and sebaceous glands in the early to mid-1980. This led to subsequent methods describing the isolation and culture of human hair follicles, the human pilosebaceous unit as well as the sebaceous duct. The importance of these models in the study of the biology of human skin glands and appendages has been demonstrated in numerous publications and their importance as models for animal replacement, refinement and reduction (3R's) increasingly important...
April 25, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298425/hair-follicle-development-in-mouse-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-skin-organoids
#4
Jiyoon Lee, Robert Bӧscke, Pei-Ciao Tang, Byron H Hartman, Stefan Heller, Karl R Koehler
The mammalian hair follicle arises during embryonic development from coordinated interactions between the epidermis and dermis. It is currently unclear how to recapitulate hair follicle induction in pluripotent stem cell cultures for use in basic research studies or in vitro drug testing. To date, generation of hair follicles in vitro has only been possible using primary cells isolated from embryonic skin, cultured alone or in a co-culture with stem cell-derived cells, combined with in vivo transplantation...
January 2, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175836/two-patients-with-mirage-syndrome-lacking-haematological-features-role-of-somatic-second-site-reversion-samd9-mutations
#5
Hirohito Shima, Katrin Koehler, Yumiko Nomura, Kazuhiko Sugimoto, Akira Satoh, Tsutomu Ogata, Maki Fukami, Ramona Jühlen, Markus Schuelke, Klaus Mohnike, Angela Huebner, Satoshi Narumi
BACKGROUND: Myelodysplasia, infection, restriction of growth, adrenal hypoplasia, genital phenotypes and enteropathy (MIRAGE) syndrome is a recently described congenital disorder caused by heterozygous SAMD9 mutations. The phenotypic spectrum of the syndrome remains to be elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We describe two unrelated patients who showed manifestations compatible with MIRAGE syndrome, with the exception of haematological features. Leucocyte genomic DNA samples were analysed with next-generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing, revealing the patients to have two de novoSAMD9 mutations on the same allele (patient 1 p...
February 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156398/spontaneous-hair-follicle-germ-hfg-formation-in-vitro-enabling-the-large-scale-production-of-hfgs-for-regenerative-medicine
#6
Tatsuto Kageyama, Chisa Yoshimura, Dina Myasnikova, Ken Kataoka, Tadashi Nittami, Shoji Maruo, Junji Fukuda
Hair follicle morphogenesis is triggered by reciprocal interactions between hair follicle germ (HFG) epithelial and mesenchymal layers. Here, we developed a method for large-scale preparation of HFGs in vitro via self-organization of cells. We mixed mouse epidermal and mouse/human mesenchymal cells in suspension and seeded them in microwells of a custom-designed array plate. Over a 3-day culture period, cells initially formed a randomly distributed single cell aggregate and then spatially separated from each other, exhibiting typical HFG morphological features...
February 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129979/hair-germ-model-in-vitro-via-human-postnatal-keratinocyte-dermal-papilla-interactions-impact-of-hyaluronic-acid
#7
Ekaterina Kalabusheva, Vasily Terskikh, Ekaterina Vorotelyak
Hair follicle (HF) reconstruction in vitro is a promising field in alopecia treatment and human HF development research. Here, we combined postnatal human dermal papilla (DP) cells and skin epidermal keratinocytes (KCs) in a hanging drop culture to develop an artificial HF germ. The method is based on DP cell hair-inducing properties and KC self-organization. We evaluated two protocols of aggregate assembling. Mixed HF germ-like structures demonstrated the initiation of epithelial-mesenchymal interaction, including WNT pathway activation and expression of follicular markers...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592171/next-generation-human-skin-constructs-as-advanced-tools-for-drug-development
#8
REVIEW
H E Abaci, Zongyou Guo, Yanne Doucet, Joanna Jacków, Angela Christiano
Many diseases, as well as side effects of drugs, manifest themselves through skin symptoms. Skin is a complex tissue that hosts various specialized cell types and performs many roles including physical barrier, immune and sensory functions. Therefore, modeling skin in vitro presents technical challenges for tissue engineering. Since the first attempts at engineering human epidermis in 1970s, there has been a growing interest in generating full-thickness skin constructs mimicking physiological functions by incorporating various skin components, such as vasculature and melanocytes for pigmentation...
November 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552069/tissue-engineered-skin-and-wound-healing-current-strategies-and-future-directions
#9
Nandana Bhardwaj, Dimple Chouhan, Biman B Mandal
The global volume of skin damage or injuries has major healthcare implications and, accounts for about half of the world's annual expenditure in the healthcare sector. In the last two decades, tissue-engineered skin constructs have shown great promise in the treatment of various skin-related disorders such as deep burns and wounds. The treatment methods for skin replacement and repair have evolved from utilization of autologous epidermal sheets to more complex bilayered cutaneous tissue engineered skin substitutes...
May 25, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350869/in-vitro-skin-models-to-study-epithelial-regeneration-from-the-hair-follicle
#10
Nkemcho Ojeh, Baki Akgül, Marjana Tomic-Canic, Mike Philpott, Harshad Navsaria
The development of dermal equivalents (DEs) for the treatment of burns has contributed toward efficient wound closure. A collagen-glycosaminoglycan DE (C-GAG) grafted with hair follicles converted a full-thickness wound to partial-thickness resulting in complete wound closure and restored hair. In this study we compared the ability of both intact pilosebaceous units (PSU) or truncated hair follicles (THF) to regenerate a multilayered epidermis in vitro when implanted into de-epidermalized dermis (DED) or C-GAG with the epidermis generated in vivo using C-CAG...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191777/enhanced-expansion-and-sustained-inductive-function-of-skin-derived-precursor-cells-in-computer-controlled-stirred-suspension-bioreactors
#11
Natacha A Agabalyan, Breanna S Borys, Holly D Sparks, Kathryn Boon, Eko W Raharjo, Sepideh Abbasi, Michael S Kallos, Jeff Biernaskie
Endogenous dermal stem cells (DSCs) reside in the adult hair follicle mesenchyme and can be isolated and grown in vitro as self-renewing colonies called skin-derived precursors (SKPs). Following transplantation into skin, SKPs can generate new dermis and reconstitute the dermal papilla and connective tissue sheath, suggesting they could have important therapeutic value for the treatment of skin disease (alopecia) or injury. Controlled cell culture processes must be developed to efficiently and safely generate sufficient stem cell numbers for clinical use...
February 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107452/mice-lacking-hbp1-function-are-viable-and-fertile
#12
Cassy M Spiller, Dagmar Wilhelm, David A Jans, Josephine Bowles, Peter Koopman
Fetal germ cell development is tightly regulated by the somatic cell environment, and is characterised by cell cycle states that differ between XY and XX gonads. In the testis, gonocytes enter G1/G0 arrest from 12.5 days post coitum (dpc) in mice and maintain cell cycle arrest until after birth. Failure to correctly maintain G1/G0 arrest can result in loss of germ cells or, conversely, germ cell tumours. High mobility group box containing transcription factor 1 (HBP1) is a transcription factor that was previously identified in fetal male germ cells at the time of embryonic cell cycle arrest...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940653/hair-follicle-stem-cell-cultures-reveal-self-organizing-plasticity-of-stem-cells-and-their-progeny
#13
Carlos Andrés Chacón-Martínez, Markus Klose, Catherin Niemann, Ingmar Glauche, Sara A Wickström
Understanding how complex tissues are formed, maintained, and regenerated through local growth, differentiation, and remodeling requires knowledge on how single-cell behaviors are coordinated on the population level. The self-renewing hair follicle, maintained by a distinct stem cell population, represents an excellent paradigm to address this question. A major obstacle in mechanistic understanding of hair follicle stem cell (HFSC) regulation has been the lack of a culture system that recapitulates HFSC behavior while allowing their precise monitoring and manipulation...
January 17, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867768/induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-from-human-hair-follicle-keratinocytes-as-a-potential-source-for-in-vitro-hair-follicle-cloning
#14
Sheng Jye Lim, Shu Cheow Ho, Pooi Ling Mok, Kian Lee Tan, Alan H K Ong, Seng Chiew Gan
BACKGROUND: Human hair follicles are important for the renewal of new hairs and their development. The generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from hair follicles is easy due to its accessibility and availability. The pluripotent cells derived from hair follicles not only have a higher tendency to re-differentiate into hair follicles, but are also more suited for growth in hair scalp tissue microenvironment. METHODS: In this study, human hair follicular keratinocytes were used to generate iPSCs, which were then further differentiated in vitro into keratinocytes...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831564/skin-derived-stem-cells-as-a-source-of-primordial-germ-cell-and-oocyte-like-cells
#15
REVIEW
Wei Ge, Shun-Feng Cheng, Paul W Dyce, Massimo De Felici, Wei Shen
The skin is a unique organ that contains a variety of stem cells for the maintenance of skin homeostasis and the repair of skin tissues following injury and disease. Skin-derived stem cells (SDSCs) constitute a heterogeneous population of stem cells generated in vitro from dermis, which can be cultured as spherical aggregates of cells in suspension culture. Under certain in vitro or in vivo conditions, SDSCs show multipotency and can generate a variety of neural, mesodermal, and endodermal cell types such as neurons, glia, fibroblasts, adipocytes, muscle cells, chondroblasts, osteoblats, and islet β-cell-like cells...
November 10, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679975/multifaceted-role-of-hair-follicle-dermal-cells-in-bioengineered-skins
#16
C A Higgins, M F Roger, R P Hill, A S Ali-Khan, J A Garlick, A M Christiano, C A B Jahoda
BACKGROUND: The method of generating bioengineered skin constructs was pioneered several decades ago; nowadays these constructs are used regularly for the treatment of severe burns and nonhealing wounds. Commonly, these constructs are comprised of skin fibroblasts within a collagen scaffold, forming the skin dermis, and stratified keratinocytes overlying this, forming the skin epidermis. In the past decade there has been a surge of interest in bioengineered skins, with researchers seeking alternative cell sources, or scaffolds, from which constructs can be established, and for more biomimetic equivalents with skin appendages...
May 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652036/in-vitro-culture-of-rat-hair-follicle-stem-cells-on-rabbit-bladder-acellular-matrix
#17
Jia Li, Wenguang Wang, Hengqing An, Feng Wang, Mulati Rexiati, Yujie Wang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to create a xenogeneic cell scaffold complex with rabbit bladder acellular matrix and rat hair follicle stem cells, to study the feasibility of construct tissue engineer bladder through biocompatibility of hair follicle stem cells and heterogeneous bladder acellular matrix. MATERIAL AND METHODS: New Zealand rabbit bladder acellular matrix was prepared. Scanning electron microscope and Masson staining were used to analyse the acellular material...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612515/enhanced-expansion-and-sustained-inductive-function-of-skin-derived-precursor-cells-in-computer-controlled-stirred-suspension-bioreactors
#18
Natacha A Agabalyan, Breanna S Borys, Holly D Sparks, Kathryn Boon, Eko W Raharjo, Sepideh Abbasi, Michael S Kallos, Jeff Biernaskie
: Endogenous dermal stem cells (DSCs) reside in the adult hair follicle mesenchyme and can be isolated and grown in vitro as self-renewing colonies called skin-derived precursors (SKPs). Following transplantation into skin, SKPs can generate new dermis and reconstitute the dermal papilla and connective tissue sheath, suggesting they could have important therapeutic value for the treatment of skin disease (alopecia) or injury. Controlled cell culture processes must be developed to efficiently and safely generate sufficient stem cell numbers for clinical use...
September 9, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502902/chromatographic-method-for-clobetasol-propionate-determination-in-hair-follicles-and-in-different-skin-layers
#19
Tamara Ângelo, Marcílio S S Cunha-Filho, Guilherme M Gelfuso, Tais Gratieri
Clobetasol propionate (CLO) is a potent steroid used for the treatment of several dermatological diseases. Recent studies suggest its additional use in alopecia topical treatment, generating a demand for novel formulations with specific delivery into hair follicles. Hence, a selective analytical method for drug quantification in follicular structures and skin layers is required. For this, a simple HPLC-UV method was developed. Quantification was performed using a RP-C18 column (4.6 mm × 15 cm, 5 μm), with a mixture of methanol-acetonitrile-water (50:15:35 v/v) as mobile phase, a flow rate of 1...
February 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462123/cd133-positive-dermal-papilla-derived-wnt-ligands-regulate-postnatal-hair-growth
#20
Linli Zhou, Kun Yang, April Carpenter, Richard A Lang, Thomas Andl, Yuhang Zhang
Active Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the dermal papilla (DP) is required for postnatal hair cycling. In addition, maintenance of the hair-inducing ability of DP cells in vitro requires external addition of Wnt molecules. However, whether DP cells are a critical source of Wnt ligands and induce both autocrine and paracrine signaling cascades to promote adult hair follicle growth and regeneration remains elusive. To address this question, we generated an animal model that allows inducible ablation of Wntless (Wls), a transmembrane Wnt exporter protein, in CD133-positive (CD133+) DP cells...
October 1, 2016: Biochemical Journal
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