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korean Psychiatry

Ji-Yeon Im
This study is to review the emergence of new psychiatrists, scientific rationalization, and popular internalization to reorganize the formation process of modern psychological medicine system. Unlike eugenic psychiatry from the Japanese Colonial Era, the social conditions and contexts forming autonomous system of psychiatry of Korea in the 1960s and 1970s have been concentrated. The discussion approach has been tried to secure two perspectives-treatment and criticism-at the same time and to expand the time and scope of study through the extensive texts such as newspapers, magazines, books, advertisements, and others in the 1960s and 1970s...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
Ji Young Choi
This study examined the roles of posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms and dissociation in the relationship between childhood trauma and two different types of psychosis-like experience, including persecutory ideation and aberrant experience, in non-psychotic psychiatric patients. From August 2015 to August 2016, among psychiatric out patients seeking treatment at the Department of Psychiatry at a major teaching medical hospital in Seoul, Korea, 169 patients who had never been diagnosed with a psychotic disorder, including schizophrenia spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, and/or depressive disorder with psychotic features, completed the Korean Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Korean version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, the modified Korean version of the Peritraumatic Dissociation Experiences Questionnaire, and the Korean Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2)...
October 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
Jaeyong Shin, Young Choi, Eun-Cheol Park, Kwang Hoon Lee, Seo Young Hwang, Sang Ho Oh, Sang Gyu Lee
The uncomfortable symptoms of atopic dermatitis (AD) often trigger psychological stress.We investigated the association between AD severity and outpatient visits to psychiatrists using Korean National Health Insurance claims data from 2004 to 2013.This was a retrospective cohort analysis; we estimated hazard ratios (HRs).Of the 266,182 subjects, 18,290 (6.9%) had a history of visiting a psychiatrist, and 25,419 (9.5%) were diagnosed with AD. Compared with the subjects without AD, subjects with AD had a higher HR for visiting a psychiatrist (3...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Young-Min Park, Hyun-Woo Shin
Zolpidem-induced sleep-related complex behaviors (SRCB) with anterograde amnesia have been reported. We describe herein a case in which the development of zolpidem-induced sleep-related eating disorder (SRED) and SRCB was strongly suspected. A 71-year-old Korean male was admitted to the Department of Psychiatry due to his repetitive SRED and SRCB with anterograde amnesia, which he reported as having occurred since taking zolpidem. The patient also had restless legs syndrome (RLS) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Yeon-Yong Kim, Un-Na Kim, Yon Su Kim, Jin-Seok Lee
BACKGROUND: An imbalance of physician supply by medical specialty has been observed in most countries. In Korea, there is a greater tendency to avoid surgical specialties and specialty choices in nonclinical medicine, such as the basic science of medicine. In this study, we identified factors affecting the specialty choice of physicians in order to provide a basis for policies to address this problem. METHODS: We used the results of a 2013 nationwide survey of 12 709 medical students (82...
July 22, 2016: Human Resources for Health
Hayeon Jennifer Kim, Jaewon Yang, Moon Soo Lee
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between the autonomic nervous system and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scales and to evaluate the usefulness of heart rate variability (HRV) as a psychophysiological biomarker for ADHD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were recruited from outpatients in the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the Korea University Medical Center from August 2007 to December 2010. Subjects received methylphenidate...
September 2015: Yonsei Medical Journal
Peter C Pantelis, Daniel P Kennedy
Two-phase designs in epidemiological studies of autism prevalence introduce methodological complications that can severely limit the precision of resulting estimates. If the assumptions used to derive the prevalence estimate are invalid or if the uncertainty surrounding these assumptions is not properly accounted for in the statistical inference procedure, then the point estimate may be inaccurate and the confidence interval may not be a true reflection of the precision of the estimate. We examine these potential pitfalls in the context of a recent high-profile finding by Kim et al...
July 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Ji Hyun Kim, Phern-Chern Tor, Joel King, Jeong Seok Seo
The definition of a "good" psychiatrist has varied over the past decades due to changing roles of psychiatrists. Studies on the qualities of "good" psychiatrists have been completed in many countries. However, no such study has been undertaken in Korea. In Korea, recent growing interest in psychiatry demands the identification of qualities for a good psychiatrist. The purpose of this study was to define the qualities of a good psychiatrist in Korea, subsequently facilitating the improvement of psychiatric training programs...
May 2015: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Moon-Doo Kim, Hye-Jin Seo, Hyun-Ju Yun, Young-Eun Jung, Joon Hyuk Park, Chang-In Lee, Ji Hyun Moon, Seong-Chul Hong, Bo-Hyun Yoon, Won-Myong Bahk
OBJECTIVE: The primary goals of the present study were to assess intellectual function in participants with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (BD) and to investigate the relationships between cognitive decline and the severity of each type of psychopathology. METHODS: The present study included 51 patients with schizophrenia and 42 with BD who were recruited from the psychiatry outpatient clinic of Jeju University Hospital between March 2011 and March 2014. The Korean Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (K-WAIS) was administered to each of the 93 participants, and they were categorized into two groups based on their current intelligence quotient (IQ) and their estimated premorbid IQ: severely impaired group (SIG) and mildly impaired group (MIG)...
April 30, 2015: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Young Sup Woo, Jung Goo Lee, Jong-Hyun Jeong, Moon-Doo Kim, Inki Sohn, Se-Hoon Shim, Duk-In Jon, Jeong Seok Seo, Young-Chul Shin, Kyung Joon Min, Bo-Hyun Yoon, Won-Myong Bahk
OBJECTIVE: To constitute the third revision of the guidelines for the treatment of bipolar disorder issued by the Korean Medication Algorithm Project for Bipolar Disorder (KMAP-BP 2014). METHODS: A 56-item questionnaire was used to obtain the consensus of experts regarding pharmacological treatment strategies for the various phases of bipolar disorder and for special populations. The review committee included 110 Korean psychiatrists and 38 experts for child and adolescent psychiatry...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Young Su Park, Sang Min Park, Jin Yong Jun, Seog Ju Kim
Very little information is available regarding psychiatry in North Korea, which is based on the legacy of Soviet psychiatry. This paper reviews the characteristics of psychiatry in former socialist countries and discusses its implications for North Korean psychiatry. Under socialism, psychiatric disorders were attributed primarily to neurophysiologic or neurobiological origins. Psychosocial or psychodynamic etiology was denied or distorted in line with the political ideology of the Communist Party. Psychiatry was primarily concerned with psychotic disorders, and this diagnostic category was sometimes applied based on political considerations...
October 2014: Psychiatry Investigation
Kee Jeong Park, Seunghyun Shon, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Yeonho Joo, Eric A Youngstrom, Hyo-Won Kim
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to compare clinical characteristics of children and adolescents who experienced antidepressant-emergent mood switch (AEMS) and those who did not, and to investigate the predictors of AEMS in a clinical sample of Korean children and adolescents. METHODS: Two psychiatrists retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 115 children and adolescents (age, 15.0 [2.0] years; 45 boys) that were prescribed antidepressants or lamotrigine for the treatment of a depressive episode of bipolar or depressive disorders from March 2010 to February 2012 at the Department of Psychiatry of Asan Medical Center...
November 2014: Clinical Neuropharmacology
Hyo-Won Kim, Seon-Ok Kim, Seunghyun Shon, Jung-Sun Lee, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Jin-Ho Choi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of methylphenidate (MPH) on growth in Korean children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: The medical records of 157 subjects (mean age 8.9±2.2 years; 134 boys) with ADHD who received treatment with MPH for at least 1 year at the Department of Psychiatry at Asan Medical Center were retrospectively reviewed. Height and weight were prospectively obtained and retrospectively gathered...
October 2014: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Subin Park, Bung-Nyun Kim, Soo-Churl Cho, Yeni Kim, Jae-Won Kim, Ju-Young Lee, Soon-Beom Hong, Min-Sup Shin, Hee Jeong Yoo, Hosub Im, Jae Hoon Cheong, Doug Hyun Han
Although there is some evidence supporting the existence of an association between prenatal maternal or postnatal child's urine phthalate metabolite concentrations and poor attentional performances, the interaction between urine phthalate metabolite levels and genetic variation for neuropsychological deficit of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has not been examined. The aim of this study was to determine whether phthalate metabolites in urine are associated with poor neuropsychological performance in children with ADHD, and whether such association is affected by genotype-phthalate interaction...
July 2014: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Hyun-Jeong Lee, Yeonho Joo, Eric A Youngstrom, Sun Young Yum, Robert L Findling, Hyo-Won Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of a Korean version of the Parent General Behavior Inventory-10-item Mania Scale (P-GBI-10M) and the Adolescent General Behavior Inventory (A-GBI) for bipolar and depressive disorder in youths. METHODS: Ninety-two subjects with mood disorder and their parents were recruited from September 2011 to June 2013 through the Department of Psychiatry at the Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea...
October 2014: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Eun-Hee Shin, Juwon Ha, Se-Won Lim, Su-Jin Kwak, Seong-Gon Ryu, Seung-Ho Ryu, Seong-Jin Cho, Jong-Woo Paik, Byung-Chul Lee, Kang-Seob Oh
The aim of this study was to examine the patterns of use and perceived helpfulness of self-help interventions for depressive symptoms and sub-threshold depression in Korean samples drawn from the general population, patients with depression, and psychiatrists. A total of 1000 adults from the community, 114 patients with sub-threshold or mild depression, and 201 psychiatrists were asked to complete questionnaires about the use and helpfulness of 20 self-help interventions for depression chosen via the Delphi method...
March 2014: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Jisoon Chang, Bongseog Kim
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic polypharmacy (AP) to treat patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder is commonly prescribed in clinical practice; however, evidence supporting its use is scarce. This study surveyed South Korean psychiatrists' rationale for AP. METHODS: Psychiatrists were interviewed using a newly developed, semi-structured questionnaire inquiring about AP attitudes and behaviors, including frequency of use, rationale, concerns, and preferred combinations...
February 2014: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
Seon-Cheol Park, Jae-Min Kim, Tae-Youn Jun, Min-Soo Lee, Jung-Bum Kim, Seung-Hee Jeong, Yong Chon Park
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence, clinical manifestations, and clinical correlates of insomnia in a large cohort of Korean patients with depressive disorders. METHODS: We recruited 944 patients with depressive disorders from the Clinical Research Center for Depression of South Korea (CRESCEND) study. Psychometric scales were used to assess depression (HAMD), anxiety (HAMA), psychotic symptoms (BPRS), global severity (CGI-S), and functioning (SOFAS). Insomnia levels were determined by adding the scores for all items on the HAMD insomnia subscale...
December 2013: Psychiatry Investigation
Minje Sung, Yun-Mi Shin, Sun-Mi Cho
In this paper, we explore underlying factors of Internet Addiction Scale (IAS) and examine how the dimensions of the IAS relate to psychiatric symptoms in Korean adolescents. Exploratory factor analysis with a sample of N = 1,722 consisted of 13-15 year old Korean adolescents identified three distinctive factors of IAS and they were labeled 'time management', 'withdrawal behaviors' and 'neglect work'. Then, multiple regression models were applied to assess the association between each factor and eight psychological problems, which were evaluated by Youth Self Report...
July 2014: Community Mental Health Journal
Seung-Hyun Shon, Yeonho Joo, Jangho Park, Eric A Youngstrom, Hyo-Won Kim
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics of bipolar disorder I, II (BD I and II) and not otherwise specified (BD NOS) to those of major depressive disorder (MDD) in a clinical sample of Korean children and adolescents. This study was a cross-sectional review of longitudinal observational data. Two psychiatrists retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 198 children and adolescents (age 6-18) that were diagnosed as having bipolar or depressive disorders from March 2010 to February 2012 at Department of Psychiatry of Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea...
May 2014: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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