Read by QxMD icon Read


Anahita Javaheri, Tobias Kruse, Kristof Moonens, Raquel Mejías-Luque, Ayla Debraekeleer, Carmen I Asche, Nicole Tegtmeyer, Behnam Kalali, Nina C Bach, Stephan A Sieber, Darryl J Hill, Verena Königer, Christof R Hauck, Roman Moskalenko, Rainer Haas, Dirk H Busch, Esther Klaile, Hortense Slevogt, Alexej Schmidt, Steffen Backert, Han Remaut, Bernhard B Singer, Markus Gerhard
Helicobacter pylori specifically colonizes the human gastric epithelium and is the major causative agent for ulcer disease and gastric cancer development. Here, we identify members of the carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule (CEACAM) family as receptors of H. pylori and show that HopQ is the surface-exposed adhesin that specifically binds human CEACAM1, CEACAM3, CEACAM5 and CEACAM6. HopQ-CEACAM binding is glycan-independent and targeted to the N-domain. H. pylori binding induces CEACAM1-mediated signalling, and the HopQ-CEACAM1 interaction enables translocation of the virulence factor CagA into host cells and enhances the release of pro-inflammatory mediators such as interleukin-8...
October 17, 2016: Nature Microbiology
Verena Königer, Lea Holsten, Ute Harrison, Benjamin Busch, Eva Loell, Qing Zhao, Daniel A Bonsor, Alexandra Roth, Arnaud Kengmo-Tchoupa, Stella I Smith, Susanna Mueller, Eric J Sundberg, Wolfgang Zimmermann, Wolfgang Fischer, Christof R Hauck, Rainer Haas
Helicobacter pylori (Hp) strains that carry the cag type IV secretion system (cag-T4SS) to inject the cytotoxin-associated antigen A (CagA) into host cells are associated with peptic ulcer disease and gastric adenocarcinoma. CagA translocation by Hp is mediated by β1 integrin interaction of the cag-T4SS. However, other cellular receptors or bacterial outer membrane adhesins essential for this process are unknown. Here, we identify the HopQ protein as a genuine Hp adhesin, exploiting defined members of the carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule family (CEACAMs) as host cell receptors...
October 17, 2016: Nature Microbiology
Uwe Rueckschloss, Stefanie Kuerten, Süleyman Ergün
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-related cell adhesion molecules belong to the immunoglobulin superfamily, are expressed in a broad spectrum of tissues and cell types and exert context-dependent activating as well as inhibitory effects. Among these molecules, the CEA-related cell adhesion molecule-1 (CEACAM1) is a transmembrane molecule with an extracellular, a transmembrane and a cytoplasmic domain. The latter contains immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs and functions as a signaling molecule. CEACAM1 can form homo- and heterodimers which is relevant for its signaling activities...
September 30, 2016: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Sadeesh K Ramakrishnan, Lucia Russo, Simona S Ghanem, Payal R Patel, Ana Maria Oyarce, Garrett Heinrich, Sonia M Najjar
High-fat diet reduces the expression of the carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1), a transmembrane glycoprotein that promotes insulin clearance and downregulates fatty acid synthase activity in the liver upon its phosphorylation by the insulin receptor. Because peroxisome proliferator-activated receptoralpha (PPARalpha) transcriptionally suppresses CEACAM1 expression, we herein examined whether high-fat downregulates CEACAM1 expression in a PPARalpha;-dependent mechanism. By activating PPARalpha, the lipid-lowering drug fenofibrate reverses dyslipidemia and improves insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes in part by promoting fatty acid oxidation...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Gabriela Turcu, Roxana Ioana Nedelcu, Daniela Adriana Ion, Alice Brînzea, Mirela Daniela Cioplea, Lucia Beatrice Jilaveanu, Sabina Andrada Zurac
Metastases represent the main cause of death in melanoma patients. Despite the current optimized targeted therapy or immune checkpoint inhibitors the treatment of metastatic melanoma is unsatisfactory. Because of the poor prognosis of advanced melanoma there is an urgent need to identify new biomarkers to differentiate melanoma cells from normal melanocytes, to stratify patients according to their risk, and to identify subgroups of patients that require close follow-up or more aggressive therapy. Furthermore, melanoma progression has been associated with the dysregulation of cell adhesion molecules...
2016: Disease Markers
Mohammad Diab, Alon Vitenshtein, Yaron Drori, Rachel Yamin, Oded Danziger, Rachel Zamostiano, Michal Mandelboim, Eran Bacharach, Ofer Mandelboim
The innate sensing system is equipped with PRRs specialized in recognizing molecular structures (PAMPs) of various pathogens. This leads to the induction of anti-viral genes and inhibition of virus growth. Human Metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a major respiratory virus that causes an upper and lower respiratory tract infection in children. In this study we show that upon HMPV infection, the innate sensing system detects the viral RNA through the RIG-I sensor leading to induction of CEACAM1 expression. We further show that CEACAM1 is induced via binding of IRF3 to the CEACAM1 promoter...
September 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Florian Wegwitz, Eva Lenfert, Daniela Gerstel, Lena von Ehrenstein, Julia Einhoff, Geske Schmidt, Matthew Logsdon, Johanna Brandner, Gisa Tiegs, Nicole Beauchemin, Christoph Wagener, Wolfgang Deppert, Kristina Horst Amdrea
We analyzed the molecular basis for carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1)-controlled inhibition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in a mouse model for mammary adenocarcinoma (WAP-T mice). We demonstrate that silencing of CEACAM1 in WAP-T tumor-derived G-2 cells induces epithelial-mesenchymal plasticity (EMP), as evidenced by typical changes of gene expression, morphology and increased invasion. In contrast, reintroduction of CEACAM1 into G-2 cells reversed up-regulation of genes imposing mesenchymal transition, as well as cellular invasion...
August 27, 2016: Oncotarget
You Zhuo, Jeong-Yeh Yang, Kelley W Moremen, James H Prestegard
Human carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (C?/Au: EACAM1) is a cell-surface signaling molecule involved in cell adhesion, proliferation, and immune response. It is also implicated in cancer angiogenesis, progression, and metastasis. This diverse set of effects likely arises as a result of the numerous homophilic and heterophilic interactions that CEACAM1 can have with itself and other molecules. Its N-terminal Ig variable (IgV) domain has been suggested to be a principal player in these interactions...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Fu-Fang Wang, Bing-Xin Guan, Jing-Yan Yang, Hai-Tao Wang, Cheng-Jun Zhou
Carcinoembryonic antigen-related adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) is a type 1 transmembrane glycoprotein belonging to the CEA family, which has been known to exist as either soluble forms in body fluids or membrane-bound forms on the cell surface. Aberrant CEACAM1 expression is associated with tumorigenesis and has been reported in a variety of human tumors, especially malignancies. The aim of this study is to determine the expression of CEACAM1 in oral tumors, trying to study CEACAM1 different expressions as a function of histotype...
July 27, 2016: Medical Molecular Morphology
Damiano M Rovituso, Laura Scheffler, Marie Wunsch, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Sebastian Dörck, Jochen Ulzheimer, Antonios Bayas, Lawrence Steinman, Süleyman Ergün, Stefanie Kuerten
B cell aggregates in the central nervous system (CNS) have been associated with rapid disease progression in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Here we demonstrate a key role of carcinoembryogenic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule1 (CEACAM1) in B cell aggregate formation in MS patients and a B cell-dependent mouse model of MS. CEACAM1 expression was increased on peripheral blood B cells and CEACAM1(+) B cells were present in brain infiltrates of MS patients. Administration of the anti-CEACAM1 antibody T84...
July 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Youhua Wang, Weidong Zhang, Xudong Zhu, Yi Wang, Xingxing Mao, Xinbao Xu, Youhua Wang
Astrocyte-elevated gene-1 (AEG-1), also known as metadherin (MTDH) and lysine-rich CEACAM1 coisolated (LYRIC), has emerged as an important oncogene that regulates key cellular processes including apoptosis, migration, invasion, proliferation, and differentiation. It was reported that AEG-1 enhanced breast cancer cells migration in a NF-κB-dependent manner. Also, AEG-1 contributed cell proliferation through the PI3K-Akt/cyclin pathway. Besides, AEG-1 is implicated in diverse physiological and pathological diseases of the central nervous system (CNS), such as brain tumors, neuroblastomas, neurodegeneration, and neuronal development...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Chunyue Weng, Tung Nguyen, John E Shively
Lumen formation of breast epithelium is rapidly lost during tumorigenesis along with expression of cell adhesion molecule CEACAM1. CEACAM1 induces lumena in a three-dimensional culture of MCF7/CEACAM1 cells that otherwise fail to form lumena. We hypothesized miRNAs may be involved because >400 genes were up- or down-regulated in MCF7/CEACAM1 cells and miRNAs may modify global expression patterns. Comparative analysis of miRNA expression in MCF7 versus MCF7/CEACAM1 cells revealed two miRNAs significantly down-regulated (hsa-miR-30a-3p by 6...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Tung Nguyen, John E Shively
Concomitant loss of lumen formation and cell adhesion protein CEACAM1 is a hallmark feature of breast cancer. In a three-dimensional culture model, transfection of CEACAM1 into MCF7 breast cells can restore lumen formation by an unknown mechanism. ID4, a transcriptional regulator lacking a DNA binding domain, is highly up-regulated in CEACAM1-transfected MCF7 cells, and when down-regulated with RNAi, abrogates lumen formation. Conversely, when MCF7 cells, which fail to form lumena in a three-dimensional culture, are transfected with ID4, lumen formation is restored, demonstrating that ID4 may substitute for CEACAM1...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Denis Aleksic, Lisa Blaschke, Sophie Mißbach, Jana Hänske, Wiebke Weiß, Johannes Handler, Wolfgang Zimmermann, Victoria Cabrera-Sharp, Jordan E Read, Amanda M de Mestre, Ronan O'Riordan, Tom Moore, Robert Kammerer
Pregnancy-specific glycoproteins (PSGs) are members of the carcinoembryonic antigen cell adhesion molecule (CEACAM) family that are secreted by trophoblast cells. PSGs may modulate immune, angiogenic and platelet responses during pregnancy. Until now, PSGs are only found in species that have a highly invasive (hemochorial) placentation including humans, mice and rats. Surprisingly, analyzing the CEACAM gene family of the horse, which has a non-invasive epitheliochorial placenta, with the exception of the transient endometrial cups, we identified equine CEACAM family members that seem to be related to PSGs of rodents and primates...
September 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Alon Vitenshtein, Yiska Weisblum, Sebastian Hauka, Anne Halenius, Esther Oiknine-Djian, Pinchas Tsukerman, Yoav Bauman, Yotam Bar-On, Noam Stern-Ginossar, Jonatan Enk, Rona Ortenberg, Julie Tai, Gal Markel, Richard S Blumberg, Hartmut Hengel, Stipan Jonjic, Dana G Wolf, Heiko Adler, Robert Kammerer, Ofer Mandelboim
Cells in our body can induce hundreds of antiviral genes following virus sensing, many of which remain largely uncharacterized. CEACAM1 has been previously shown to be induced by various innate systems; however, the reason for such tight integration to innate sensing systems was not apparent. Here, we show that CEACAM1 is induced following detection of HCMV and influenza viruses by their respective DNA and RNA innate sensors, IFI16 and RIG-I. This induction is mediated by IRF3, which bound to an ISRE element present in the human, but not mouse, CEACAM1 promoter...
June 14, 2016: Cell Reports
Belal Neyazi, Angelika Herz, Klaus-Peter Stein, Islam Gawish, Christian Hartmann, Ludwig Wilkens, Sueleyman Erguen, Claudia A Dumitru, I Erol Sandalcioglu
Brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVMs) are severe conditions which, upon rupture, cause debilitating neurological deficits and even death. The exact cellular and molecular mechanisms associated with bAVM rupture are currently unclear. The objective of this study was to explore the potential role of CEA-related cell adhesion molecule-1 (CEACAM1) in bAVM pathophysiology. Expression and localization of CEACAM1 were assessed immunohistochemically in tissue microarrays from bAVM patients (n = 60). The association of CEACAM1 with clinical parameters was analyzed with Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and chi-square test...
May 23, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Petra Muenzner, Arnaud Kengmo Tchoupa, Benedikt Klauser, Thomas Brunner, Johannes Putze, Ulrich Dobrindt, Christof R Hauck
Attachment to the host mucosa is a key step in bacterial pathogenesis. On the apical surface of epithelial cells, members of the human carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) family are abundant glycoproteins involved in cell-cell adhesion and modulation of cell signaling. Interestingly, several gram-negative bacterial pathogens target these receptors by specialized adhesins. The prototype of a CEACAM-binding pathogen, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, utilizes colony opacity associated (Opa) proteins to engage CEA, as well as the CEA-related cell adhesion molecules CEACAM1 and CEACAM6 on human epithelial cells...
May 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Musaed M Alshahrani, Roula P Kyriacou, Cindy J O'Malley, Garrett Heinrich, Sonia M Najjar, Denise E Jackson
Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) is an Ig-ITIM superfamily member that regulates integrin αIIbβ3 function. We hypothesized that its twin protein, CEACAM2, exerts a similar physiologic role in murine platelets. CEACAM2-deficient mice (Cc2(-/-)) displayed prolonged tail bleeding times and increased volume of blood loss. Cc2(-/-) platelets have moderate integrin αIIbβ3-mediated functional defects with impaired kinetics of platelet spreading on fibrinogen and type I collagen and delayed kinetics in the retraction of fibrin clots in vitro...
May 9, 2016: Platelets
Claire Jones, Manish Sadarangani, Susan Lewis, Isabelle Payne, Muhammad Saleem, Jeremy P Derrick, Andrew J Pollard
Opa proteins are major surface-expressed proteins located in the Neisseria meningitidis outer membrane, and are potential meningococcal vaccine candidates. Although Opa proteins elicit high levels of bactericidal antibodies following immunisation in mice, progress towards human clinical trials has been delayed due to previous findings that Opa inhibits T cell proliferation in some in vitro assays. However, results from previous studies are conflicting, with different Opa preparations and culture conditions being used...
2016: PloS One
Haiying Yu, Jian Yu, Yanjun Ren, Yun Yang, Xing Xiao
Carcinoembryonic antigen related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) is a trans-membrane multifunctional cell adhesion molecule associated with tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, invasion, and migration during tumor development. In the present study, we evaluated serum CEACAM1 level in osteosarcoma patients to explore its diagnostic and prognostic value for this particular malignancy. Sera from 113 patients with primary osteosarcoma, 98 patients with benign bone tumors and 126 healthy controls were obtained...
2016: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"