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prostate, prosaposin

Azlena Ali, Laura Creevey, Yuan Hao, Damian McCartan, Peadar O'Gaora, Arnold Hill, Leonie Young, Marie McIlroy
INTRODUCTION: HOX genes play vital roles in growth and development, however, atypical redeployment of these genes is often associated with steroidal adaptability in endocrine cancers. We previously identified HOXC11 to be an indicator of poor response to hormonal therapy in breast cancer. In this study we aimed to elucidate genes regulated by HOXC11 in the endocrine resistant setting. METHODS: RNA-sequencing paired with transcription factor motif-mapping was utilised to identify putative HOXC11 target genes in endocrine resistant breast cancer...
2015: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
Shahriar Koochekpour, Siyi Hu, Cruz Vellasco-Gonzalez, Ruiz Bernardo, Gissu Azabdaftari, Guodong Zhu, Haiyen E Zhau, Leland W K Chung, Robert L Vessella
BACKGROUND: We previously cloned prosaposin (PSAP) from metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPCa) cells and demonstrated its genomic amplification and/or overexpression in metastatic PCa cell lines, xenografts, and lymph node metastases. The clinicohistopathological significance of serum PSAP levels and its tissue expression and association with predictive or prognostic variable in primary or advanced PCa are not known. METHODS: We examined PSAP expression by immunohistochemical staining during early embryogenic development of the prostate and within a large tissue microarray which included 266 benign and malignant prostate tissues...
February 2012: Prostate
Siyi Hu, Nathalie Delorme, Zhenzhen Liu, Tao Liu, Cruz Velasco-Gonzalez, Jone Garai, Ashok Pullikuth, Shahriar Koochekpour
BACKGROUND: Factors responsible for invasive and metastatic progression of prostate cancer (PCa) remain largely unknown. Previously, we reported cloning of prosaposin (PSAP) and its genomic amplification and/or overexpression in several androgen-independent metastatic PCa cell lines and lymph node metastases. PSAP is the lysosomal precursor of saposins, which serve as activators for lysosomal hydrolases involved in the degradation of ceramide (Cer) and other sphingolipids. RESULTS: Our current data show that, in metastatic PCa cells, stable down-modulation of PSAP by RNA-interference via a lysosomal proteolysis-dependent pathway decreased beta1A-integrin expression, its cell-surface clustering, and adhesion to basement membrane proteins; led to disassembly of focal adhesion complex; and decreased phosphorylative activity of focal adhesion kinase and its downstream adaptor molecule, paxillin...
2010: Molecular Cancer
Soo-Young Kang, Ole J Halvorsen, Karsten Gravdal, Nandita Bhattacharya, Jung Min Lee, Nathan W Liu, Brian T Johnston, Adam B Johnston, Svein A Haukaas, Kristie Aamodt, Sun Yoo, Lars A Akslen, Randolph S Watnick
Metastatic tumors can prepare a distant site for colonization via the secretion of factors that act in a systemic manner. We hypothesized that non- or weakly metastatic human tumor cells may act in an opposite fashion by creating a microenvironment in distant tissues that is refractory to colonization. By comparing cell lines with different metastatic potential, we have identified a tumor-secreted inhibitor of metastasis, prosaposin (Psap), which functions in a paracrine and endocrine fashion by stimulating the expression of thrombospondin-1 (Tsp-1) in fibroblasts present in both primary tumors and distant organs, doing so in a p53-dependent manner...
July 21, 2009: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
S Koochekpour, T-J Lee, Y Sun, S Hu, G A Grabowski, Z Liu, J Garay
Recent studies have introduced prosaposin (PSAP) as a pleiotrophic growth factor for prostate cancer (PCa). We have previously reported that PSAP or one of its known active molecular derivatives, saposin C functions as an androgen-agonist and androgen-regulated gene (ARG) for androgen-sensitive (AS) PCa cell lines. Due to the potential significance of androgen receptor (AR)-expressing stroma in PCa, we evaluated a possible bi-directional paracrine regulatory interactions between DHT and PSAP in AR-positive prostate stromal (PrSt) cells...
August 15, 2008: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Fen Guo, Xiaofeng Huang, Shiqian Li, Limin Sun, Yueqin Li, Hongjian Li, Yi Zhou, Yanhui Chu, Tianhong Zhou
Prosaposin (Psap) has multiple cellular functions. It is involved in the development of the reproductive system, nervous system, and prostate cancer as well as in the regulation of sphingolipid catabolism by activating several lysosomal hydrolases involved in the metabolism of various sphingolipids. In this research, it was found to be a novel interaction partner for Rhox5 using yeast two-hybrid screening. The interaction between Rhox5 and the full-length prosapsoin (the transcript without exon 8) as well as the C-terminal domain of prosaposin, was further confirmed in both yeast two hybrid analysis and in vitro assay...
May 2007: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
S Koochekpour, T-J Lee, R Wang, Y Sun, N Delorme, M Hiraiwa, G A Grabowski, Z Culig, A Minokadeh
Androgen-regulated genes (ARG) are implicated in normal and neoplastic growth of the prostate. Recently, we reported genomic amplification and/or overexpression of a previously known neurotrophic factor, prosaposin, in androgen-independent (AI) or metastatic prostate cancer (PCa) cells and tissues. Prosaposin and/or its known active molecular derivatives (e.g., saposin C) function as a pluripotent growth factor with diverse biological activities that favor malignant phenotypes in PCa cells. In addition, prosaposin or saposin C upregulates androgen receptor (AR) and AR-target genes (i...
June 1, 2007: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Shahriar Koochekpour, Tae-Jin Lee, Ruoxiang Wang, Zoran Culig, Nathalie Delorme, Soren Caffey, Luis Marrero, Jennifer Aguirre
BACKGROUND: Prosaposin overexpression and/or genomic amplification have been demonstrated in androgen-independent (AI) prostate cancer cell lines and tissues. Here, we explored the possibility for a functional relationship between prosaposin and androgen receptor (AR) in LNCaP cells. METHODS: The effect of prosaposin or its active molecular derivatives (e.g., saposin C) on expression and activity of androgen receptor (AR) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was examined by using immunoblotting, RT-PCR, transfection, and reporter gene assays, immunofluorescence staining, and inhibitors of signal transduction pathways...
February 1, 2007: Prostate
Shahriar Koochekpour, Yu-Jun Zhuang, Rameen Beroukhim, Chia-Ling Hsieh, Matthias D Hofer, Haiyen E Zhau, Masao Hiraiwa, Daniel Y Pattan, Joy L Ware, Ronald B Luftig, Konrad Sandhoff, Charles L Sawyers, Kenneth J Pienta, Mark A Rubin, Robert L Vessella, William R Sellers, Oliver Sartor
We identified prosaposin (PSAP) as a secreted protein expressed in androgen-independent (AI) prostate cancer cells by cloning/sequencing, after probing a PC-3 cDNA library expressed in the lambdaTriplEx phagemid expression vector with a polyclonal rabbit antibody generated against pooled human seminal plasma. PSAP is a neurotrophic molecule; its deficiency or inactivation has proved to be lethal in man and mice, and in mice, it leads to abnormal development and atrophy of the prostate gland, despite normal testosterone levels...
December 2005: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
Shahriar Koochekpour, Oliver Sartor, Masao Hiraiwa, Tae-Jin Lee, Walter Rayford, Natascha Remmel, Konrad Sandhoff, Ardalan Minokadeh, David Y Patten
AIM: To determine the effect of saposin C (a known trophic domain of prosaposin) on proliferation, migration and invasion, as well as its effect on the expression of urokinase plasmonogen activator (uPA), its receptor (uPAR) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and -9 in normal and malignant prostate cells. In addition, we tested whether saposin C can activate p42/44 and stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (SAPK/JNK) signal transduction pathways of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) superfamily...
June 2005: Asian Journal of Andrology
Tae-Jin Lee, Oliver Sartor, Ronald B Luftig, Shahriar Koochekpour
BACKGROUND: In addition to androgens, growth factors are also implicated in the development and neoplastic growth of the prostate gland. Prosaposin is a potent neurotrophic molecule. Homozygous inactivation of prosaposin in mice has led to the development of a number of abnormalities in the male reproductive system, including atrophy of the prostate gland and inactivation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and Akt in prostate epithelial cells. We have recently reported that prosaposin is expressed at a higher level by androgen-independent (AI) prostate cancer cells as compared to androgen-sensitive prostate cancer cells or normal prostate epithelial and stromal cells...
November 17, 2004: Molecular Cancer
Shahriar Koochekpour, Oliver Sartor, Tae-Jin Lee, Arthur Zieske, David Y Patten, Masao Hiraiwa, Konrad Sandhoff, Natascha Remmel, Ardalan Minokadeh
BACKGROUND: Prosaposin is a neurotrophic factor. Prosaposin knock-out mice have been reported to develop a number of abnormalities, including atrophy of the prostate gland and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-inactivation in prostate epithelial cells. These abnormalities underscore a potential fundamental role in prostate development. The trophic factor activity of prosaposin has been localized at a specific amino terminal portion of the molecule that has been the source for a number of biologically active peptides called prosaptides (e...
October 1, 2004: Prostate
Carlos R Morales, Haitham Badran
The recent development of a prosaposin -/- mouse model has allowed the investigation of the role of prosaposin in the development of the male reproductive organs. A morphometric analysis of the male reproductive system of 37 days old mice revealed that prosaposin ablation produced a 30 % reduction in size and weight of the testes, 37 % of the epididymis, 75 % of the seminal vesicles and 60 % of the prostate glands. Light microscopy (LM) showed that smaller testis size from homozygous mutant mice was associated with reduced spermiogenesis...
March 2003: Asian Journal of Andrology
C R Morales, Q Zhao, M El-Alfy, K Suzuki
The prosaposin gene encodes a 65-70 kilodalton (kd) protein, which is secreted or targeted to lysosomes. In lysosomes, prosaposin is the precursor of 4 activator proteins, designated saposins A, B, C, and D, which promote by acidic hydrolases, the degradation of glycosphingolipids with short oligosaccharide chains. Mutations of the prosaposin gene have been linked to several lysosomal storage disorders. An animal model was recently developed by creating a null allele in embryonic stem cells through gene targeting in order to investigate the phenotypic diversity of prosaposin mutations, the involvement of this protein in lysosomal storage diseases, and to develop potential therapeutic approaches...
November 2000: Journal of Andrology
C R Morales, Q Zhao, S Lefrancois, D Ham
SGP-1/prosaposin can be secreted or targeted to the lysosomes where it is processed into smaller saposins (A, B, C, and D) required for the hydrolysis of glycosphingolipids. The deficiency of saposins B and C results in variant forms of metachromatic leukodystrophy and Gaucher's disease, respectively, which are characterized by lysosomal storage of undegraded glycosphingolipids. In the nervous system, prosaposin presents trophic activity. A mouse model was recently developed by creating a null allele in embryonic stem cells through gene targeting to investigate the phenotypic diversity of prosaposin mutations and the involvement of this protein in lysosomal storage diseases, and for the development of therapeutic approaches...
May 2000: Archives of Andrology
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