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Neuromonitorization critical care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591003/description-and-contribution-of-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-nontraumatic-critically-ill-children
#1
Guillaume Mortamet, Manoelle Kossorotoff, Amandine Baptiste, Nathalie Boddaert, Martin Castelle, Philippe Hubert, Fabrice Lesage, Sylvain Renolleau, Mehdi Oualha
BACKGROUND: The authors aimed to collect all brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed in critically ill children in the authors' medical pediatric intensive care unit over a 2-year period (2012-2013) to (1) describe the findings and (2) assess its contribution on practical patient care. METHODS: This is a single-center and retrospective study. All children without traumatic brain injury who underwent a brain MRI during pediatric intensive care unit stays were included...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521195/multimodality-neuromonitoring
#2
REVIEW
Matthew A Kirkman, Martin Smith
The monitoring of systemic and central nervous system physiology is central to the management of patients with neurologic disease in the perioperative and critical care settings. There exists a range of invasive and noninvasive and global and regional monitors of cerebral hemodynamics, oxygenation, metabolism, and electrophysiology that can be used to guide treatment decisions after acute brain injury. With mounting evidence that a single neuromonitor cannot comprehensively detect all instances of cerebral compromise, multimodal neuromonitoring allows an individualized approach to patient management based on monitored physiologic variables rather than a generic one-size-fits-all approach targeting predetermined and often empirical thresholds...
September 2016: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399554/356%C3%A2-microsurgical-anatomy-of-the-brainstem-safe-entry-zones-a-cadaveric-study-with-high-resolution-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-fiber-tracking
#3
Debraj Mukherjee, Veysel Antar, Bora Gurer, Ulas Cikla, Gabriel Neves, Mehmet Ekici, Tomer Hananya, Aaron S Field, Shahriar M Salamat, Mustafa Kemal Baskaya
INTRODUCTION: Operative management of intrinsic brainstem lesions remains challenging despite advances in electrophysiological monitoring and neuroimaging. Surgical intervention in this region requires detailed knowledge of adjacent, critical white matter tracts and cranial nerve nuclei. Our aim was to systematically verify internal anatomy associated with each brainstem safety zone entry zone (BSEZ) using a cadaveric model supplemented with neuroimaging modalities commonly used in preoperatively planning, namely high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and fiber tracking...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206707/-specialized-neurological-neurosurgical-intensive-care-medicine
#4
J B Kuramatsu, H B Huttner, S Schwab
In Germany dedicated neurological-neurosurgical critical care (NCC) is the fastest growing specialty and one of the five big disciplines integrated within the German critical care society (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin; DIVI). High-quality investigations based on resilient evidence have underlined the need for technical advances, timely optimization of therapeutic procedures, and multidisciplinary team-work to treat those critically ill patients. This evolution has repeatedly raised questions, whether NCC-units should be run independently or better be incorporated within multidisciplinary critical care units, whether treatment variations exist that impact clinical outcome, and whether nowadays NCC-units can operate cost-efficiently? Stroke is the most frequent disease entity treated on NCC-units, one of the most common causes of death in Germany leading to a great socio-economic burden due to long-term disabled patients...
June 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26873760/invasive-neuromonitoring
#5
REVIEW
Carey Heck
Advances in technology have resulted in a plethora of invasive neuromonitoring options for practitioners to manage while caring for the complex needs of the critical care patient. Although many types of invasive neuromonitoring are available to the practitioner, intraparenchymal monitors and external ventricular devices are used most frequently in the clinical setting and are the focus of this article. In addition, multimodality monitoring has been noted to confer a survival benefit in patients with this complex type of invasive neuromonitoring and is discussed as well...
March 2016: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26849251/emerging-strategies-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-acute-hepatic-failure
#6
Prem A Kandiah, Jody C Olson, Ram M Subramanian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this article is to review the latest developments related to the treatment of patients with acute liver failure (ALF). RECENT FINDINGS: As the treatment of ALF has evolved, there is an increasing recognition regarding the risk of intracranial hypertension related to advanced hepatic encephalopathy. Therefore, there is an enhanced emphasis on neuromonitoring and therapies targeting intracranial hypertension. Also, new evidence implicates systemic proinflammatory cytokines as an etiology for the development of multiorgan system dysfunction in ALF; the recent finding of a survival benefit in ALF with high-volume plasmapheresis further supports this theory...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26801901/the-critical-care-management-of-poor-grade-subarachnoid-haemorrhage
#7
Airton Leonardo de Oliveira Manoel, Alberto Goffi, Tom R Marotta, Tom A Schweizer, Simon Abrahamson, R Loch Macdonald
Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage is a neurological syndrome with complex systemic complications. The rupture of an intracranial aneurysm leads to the acute extravasation of arterial blood under high pressure into the subarachnoid space and often into the brain parenchyma and ventricles. The haemorrhage triggers a cascade of complex events, which ultimately can result in early brain injury, delayed cerebral ischaemia, and systemic complications. Although patients with poor-grade subarachnoid haemorrhage (World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies 4 and 5) are at higher risk of early brain injury, delayed cerebral ischaemia, and systemic complications, the early and aggressive treatment of this patient population has decreased overall mortality from more than 50% to 35% in the last four decades...
2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26315001/cocaine-use-as-an-independent-predictor-of-seizures-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#8
Tiffany R Chang, Robert G Kowalski, J Ricardo Carhuapoma, Rafael J Tamargo, Neeraj S Naval
OBJECTIVE: Seizures are relatively common after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Seizure prophylaxis is controversial and is often based on risk stratification; middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms, associated intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), poor neurological grade, increased clot thickness, and cerebral infarction are considered highest risk for seizures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of recent cocaine use on seizure incidence following aSAH. METHODS: Prospectively collected data from aSAH patients admitted to 2 institutional neuroscience critical care units between 1991 and 2009 were reviewed...
March 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25957201/-nonconvulsive-status-epilepticus-progress-in-clinical-practice-and-research
#9
Masao Nagayama, Sunghoon Yang
Mainly after 2000, we have reported novel manifestations of nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE), such as reversible protracted coma, posthyperventilation apnea, and higher brain dysfunctions, including Klüver-Bucy syndrome. In this review, we discuss the progress in clinical practice and research of NCSE with best available evidence, especially the spectrum of electroencephalographic abnormalities in NCSE, clinical manifestations of malignant NCSE, relationship between sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) and NCSE, and a strategy for real-time neuromonitoring...
May 2015: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25735719/should-cerebral-near-infrared-spectroscopy-be-standard-of-care-in-adult-cardiac-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Priscilla J W Bevan
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is non-invasive, easy to use, and offers real-time monitoring of the oxygen content of cerebral tissue. An effective and user-friendly method of cerebral monitoring stands to offer a significant advance in patient care during adult cardiac surgery, particularly for surgery in which the continuity of cerebral vessels may be compromised. While the current evidence does not definitively show improvement in neurological outcomes, it can be argued that the overall risk to benefit ratio falls on the side of NIRS...
June 2015: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25632629/-multimodal-neuromonitoring-for-the-critical-care-management-of-acute-coma
#11
REVIEW
Z Ltaief, N Ben-Hamouda, T Suys, R T Daniel, A O Rossetti, M Oddo
Management of neurocritical care patients is focused on the prevention and treatment of secondary brain injury, i.e. the number of pathophysiological intracerebral (edema, ischemia, energy dysfunction, seizures) and systemic (hyperthermia, disorders of glucose homeostasis) events that occur following the initial insult (stroke, hemorrhage, head trauma, brain anoxia) that may aggravate patient outcome. The current therapeutic paradigm is based on multimodal neuromonitoring, including invasive (intracranial pressure, brain oxygen, cerebral microdialysis) and non-invasive (transcranial doppler, near-infrared spectroscopy, EEG) tools that allows targeted individualized management of acute coma in the early phase...
December 10, 2014: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25608916/the-international-multidisciplinary-consensus-conference-on-multimodality-monitoring-in-neurocritical-care-evidentiary-tables-a-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-neurocritical-care-society-and-the-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine
#12
REVIEW
Peter Le Roux, David K Menon, Giuseppe Citerio, Paul Vespa, Mary Kay Bader, Gretchen Brophy, Michael N Diringer, Nino Stocchetti, Walter Videtta, Rocco Armonda, Neeraj Badjatia, Julian Bösel, Randall Chesnut, Sherry Chou, Jan Claassen, Marek Czosnyka, Michael De Georgia, Anthony Figaji, Jennifer Fugate, Raimund Helbok, David Horowitz, Peter Hutchinson, Monisha Kumar, Molly McNett, Chad Miller, Andrew Naidech, Mauro Oddo, DaiWai Olson, Kristine O'Phelan, J Javier Provencio, Corinna Puppo, Richard Riker, Claudia Roberson, Michael Schmidt, Fabio Taccone
A variety of technologies have been developed to assist decision-making during the management of patients with acute brain injury who require intensive care. A large body of research has been generated describing these various technologies. The Neurocritical Care Society (NCS) in collaboration with the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM), the Society for Critical Care Medicine (SCCM), and the Latin America Brain Injury Consortium (LABIC) organized an international, multidisciplinary consensus conference to perform a systematic review of the published literature to help develop evidence-based practice recommendations on bedside physiologic monitoring...
December 2014: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25208681/the-international-multi-disciplinary-consensus-conference-on-multimodality-monitoring-future-directions-and-emerging-technologies
#13
REVIEW
Paul Vespa, David Menon, Peter Le Roux
Neuromonitoring has evolved rapidly in recent years and there now are many new monitors that have revealed a great deal about the ongoing pathophysiology of brain injury and coma. Further evolution will include the consolidation of multi-modality monitoring (MMM), the development of next-generation informatics tools to identify complex physiologic events and decision support tools to permit targeted individualized care. In this review, we examine future directions and emerging technologies in neuromonitoring including: (1) device development, (2) what is the current limitation(s) of MMM in its present format(s), (3) what would improve the ability of MMM to enhance neurocritical care, and (4) how do we develop evidence for use of MMM?...
December 2014: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25208680/intracranial-pressure-monitoring-fundamental-considerations-and-rationale-for-monitoring
#14
REVIEW
Randall Chesnut, Walter Videtta, Paul Vespa, Peter Le Roux
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. In large part critical care for TBI is focused on the identification and management of secondary brain injury. This requires effective neuromonitoring that traditionally has centered on intracranial pressure (ICP). The purpose of this paper is to review the fundamental literature relative to the clinical application of ICP monitoring in TBI critical care and to provide recommendations on how the technique maybe applied to help patient management and enhance outcome...
December 2014: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25208678/consensus-summary-statement-of-the-international-multidisciplinary-consensus-conference-on-multimodality-monitoring-in-neurocritical-care-a-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-neurocritical-care-society-and-the-european-society-of-intensive-care
#15
REVIEW
Peter Le Roux, David K Menon, Giuseppe Citerio, Paul Vespa, Mary Kay Bader, Gretchen M Brophy, Michael N Diringer, Nino Stocchetti, Walter Videtta, Rocco Armonda, Neeraj Badjatia, Julian Böesel, Randall Chesnut, Sherry Chou, Jan Claassen, Marek Czosnyka, Michael De Georgia, Anthony Figaji, Jennifer Fugate, Raimund Helbok, David Horowitz, Peter Hutchinson, Monisha Kumar, Molly McNett, Chad Miller, Andrew Naidech, Mauro Oddo, DaiWai Olson, Kristine O'Phelan, J Javier Provencio, Corinna Puppo, Richard Riker, Claudia Robertson, Michael Schmidt, Fabio Taccone
Neurocritical care depends, in part, on careful patient monitoring but as yet there are little data on what processes are the most important to monitor, how these should be monitored, and whether monitoring these processes is cost-effective and impacts outcome. At the same time, bioinformatics is a rapidly emerging field in critical care but as yet there is little agreement or standardization on what information is important and how it should be displayed and analyzed. The Neurocritical Care Society in collaboration with the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, the Society for Critical Care Medicine, and the Latin America Brain Injury Consortium organized an international, multidisciplinary consensus conference to begin to address these needs...
December 2014: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25208675/multimodality-monitoring-informatics-integration-data-display-and-analysis
#16
REVIEW
J Michael Schmidt, Michael De Georgia
The goal of multimodality neuromonitoring is to provide continuous, real-time assessment of brain physiology to prevent, detect, and attenuate secondary brain injury. Clinical informatics deals with biomedical data, information, and knowledge including their acquisition, storage, retrieval, and optimal use for clinical decision-making. An electronic literature search was conducted for English language articles describing the use of informatics in the intensive care unit setting from January 1990 to August 2013...
December 2014: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25208667/monitoring-of-cerebral-blood-flow-and-ischemia-in-the-critically-ill
#17
REVIEW
Chad Miller, Rocco Armonda
Secondary ischemic injury is common after acute brain injury and can be evaluated with the use of neuromonitoring devices. This manuscript provides guidelines for the use of devices to monitor cerebral blood flow (CBF) in critically ill patients. A Medline search was conducted to address essential pre-specified questions related to the utility of CBF monitoring. Peer-reviewed recommendations were constructed according to the GRADE criteria based upon the available supporting literature. Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) and transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCS) are predictive of angiographic vasospasm and delayed ischemic neurological deficits after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage...
December 2014: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25169691/brain-perfusion-and-oxygenation
#18
REVIEW
Laura L Lipp
Maintenance of brain perfusion and oxygenation is of paramount importance to patient outcome with various types of brain injuries (traumatic, ischemic, and hemorrhagic). Historically, monitoring of intracranial pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure has been the mainstay of neuromonitoring techniques used at the critical care bedside to monitor brain perfusion and oxygenation. This article describes the bedside neuromonitoring techniques that have emerged for use with these patients in the critical care area...
September 2014: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25138226/consensus-summary-statement-of-the-international-multidisciplinary-consensus-conference-on-multimodality-monitoring-in-neurocritical-care-a-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-neurocritical-care-society-and-the-european-society-of-intensive-care
#19
Peter Le Roux, David K Menon, Giuseppe Citerio, Paul Vespa, Mary Kay Bader, Gretchen M Brophy, Michael N Diringer, Nino Stocchetti, Walter Videtta, Rocco Armonda, Neeraj Badjatia, Julian Böesel, Randall Chesnut, Sherry Chou, Jan Claassen, Marek Czosnyka, Michael De Georgia, Anthony Figaji, Jennifer Fugate, Raimund Helbok, David Horowitz, Peter Hutchinson, Monisha Kumar, Molly McNett, Chad Miller, Andrew Naidech, Mauro Oddo, DaiWai Olson, Kristine O'Phelan, J Javier Provencio, Corinna Puppo, Richard Riker, Claudia Robertson, Michael Schmidt, Fabio Taccone
Neurocritical care depends, in part, on careful patient monitoring but as yet there are little data on what processes are the most important to monitor, how these should be monitored, and whether monitoring these processes is cost-effective and impacts outcome. At the same time, bioinformatics is a rapidly emerging field in critical care but as yet there is little agreement or standardization on what information is important and how it should be displayed and analyzed. The Neurocritical Care Society in collaboration with the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, the Society for Critical Care Medicine, and the Latin America Brain Injury Consortium organized an international, multidisciplinary consensus conference to begin to address these needs...
September 2014: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25096787/-news-and-perspectives-in-neurocritical-care
#20
REVIEW
J Bösel, M Möhlenbruch, O W Sakowitz
Neurocritical care is an ever-evolving discipline and its implementation in intensive care leads to reduction in mortality and to improvement of functional outcome in patients with devastating injuries to the nervous system. However, the decisive elements of the complete field of neurocritical care remain relatively unclear, as well as the exact ways to optimize them. During recent years new insights have been gained and new exciting studies have been initiated from which results are soon to be expected. This review focuses on the following management aspects: neuromonitoring, airway and ventilation, endovascular therapy, cerebrospinal fluid drainage, decompressive craniectomy, hematoma evacuation, blood pressure, and targeted temperature management...
August 2014: Der Nervenarzt
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