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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812121/-teaching-in-orthopaedic-and-trauma-surgery
#1
T Renkawitz, A Benditz, M Rüsseler, U Obertacke, J Grifka, M Weber
The scramble for available places to study medicine in Germany continues. One of the core points within the "Master Plan 2020", which has been recently adopted, is the reform of teaching concepts at German medical faculties. In the future, students of human medicine are to be trained primarily based upon competence-oriented, integrated curricula. The present paper is intended to present modern teaching concepts and methods, as well as current examination formats, which play a special role in student training in orthopaedics and traumatology...
August 15, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812038/should-patients-with-frozen-shoulder-be-screened-for-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Ori Safran, Madi El-Haj, Gil Leibowitz, Shaul Beyth, Zohar Furman, Charles Milgrom, Leonid Kandel
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic frozen shoulder (nontraumatic) is commonly encountered in patients between the ages of 35 and 60 years in general orthopaedic practice. While the prevalence of frozen shoulder among the general population is estimated to be between 2% and 4%, a significantly higher prevalence of 10% to 22% has been reported in patients with diabetes mellitus. Since diabetic patients are more prone to develop frozen shoulder than nondiabetics, the question arises as to whether patients diagnosed as having idiopathic frozen shoulder are at greater risk to develop diabetes mellitus and should be routinely screened for this condition...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811784/does-the-effectiveness-of-core-stability-exercises-correlate-with-the-severity-of-spinal-stenosis-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#3
Chaxiang Chen, Zhichao Lin, Yingjie Zhang, Zemin Chen, Shujie Tang
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the effectiveness of core stability exercises correlates with the severity of spinal stenosis in patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: Forty-two patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis treated in the department of orthopedics of our hospital between May 2013 and January 2016 were included in the study. All the patients performed core stability exercises once daily for six weeks, and the clinical outcomes were evaluated using Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and self-reported walking capacity...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810985/multimedia-campaign-enhances-orthopaedic-patient-perceptions-of-health-care-quality-a-prospective-analysis-of-effect-at-a-military-treatment-facility
#4
Andrew J Sheean, James N Foster, James K Aden, Creighton C Tubb, Anthony E Johnson, Daniel J Stinner
BACKGROUND: The importance of patient satisfaction as a measure of quality has grown with initiatives intended to enhance demand for services, refocus reimbursement paradigms, encourage health care efficiencies, and ultimately improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of our performance improvement project was to (1) characterize the effect of a two-pronged multimedia initiative on patient perceptions of health care quality and satisfaction as assessed by the Army Provider Level Satisfaction Survey (APLSS) and (2) assess for differences in APLSS scores between the surgeons that did and did not participate in the program...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810901/immediate-versus-delayed-surgery-for-hip-fractures-in-the-elderly-patients-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Thomas Klestil, Christoph Röder, Christoph Stotter, Birgit Winkler, Stefan Nehrer, Martin Lutz, Irma Klerings, Gernot Wagner, Gerald Gartlehner, Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures are a major public health problem in elderly populations and are accompanied by high-mortality rates. Whether timing of surgery has an impact on morbidity and mortality has been discussed controversially, numerous studies suggest that the delay of surgery can significantly increase the risk of morbidity and mortality; others report that achieving a stable medical condition is more important than early surgery. The goal of our systematic review is to assess the impact of timing of surgery on health outcomes in patients aged 60 years or older with acute hip fracture...
August 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809644/-endoprosthesis-infections-guidelines-for-antibiotic-therapy-common-guidelines-of-the-czech-society-for-orthopaedics-and-traumatology-and-the-society-for-infectious-diseases-of-the-czech-medical-association-of-j-e-purkyn%C3%A4
#6
D Musil, M Balejová, M Horníková, A Chrdle, N Mallátová, O Nyč, V Chmelík, J Gallo, D Jahoda, J Stehlík
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY This study aims to articulate regional guidelines for curative and suppressive antibiotic therapy of total joint replacement infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS When developing the standard, used as source materials were the published foreign guidelines for antibiotic therapy of prosthetic joint infections, the analysis of resistance of bacterial strains conducted in the Hospital in České Budějovice, a.s. and the assessment of strain resistance for the Czech Republic published by the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net)...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809636/-arthroscopic-finding-of-knee-joint-in-relation-to-age-and-its-comparison-with-pre-operative-clinical-finding-a-retrospective-study
#7
P Látal, K Šimeček, M Kloub
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY In the retrospective study of two South Bohemian centres we present the comparison of pre-operative anamnestic clinical signs in relation to the arthroscopic intraoperative finding. The obtained data is used also to evaluate the arthroscopic finding in relation to age and sex. MATERIAL AND METHODS The arthroscopic findings of patients who underwent surgery in 2013-2014 period (1.1.2013-31.12.2014) at the Department of Trauma Surgery of České Budějovice Hospital, a.s. and in 2014 (1.1...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808951/what-is-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-duck-walk-test-in-detecting-meniscal-tears
#8
A Van der Post, J C A Noorduyn, V A B Scholtes, E L A R Mutsaerts
BACKGROUND: Clinical weightbearing provocation tests, like the duck walk test, may be of value in diagnosing or screening for medial meniscal tears. However, evidence of the diagnostic accuracy of the duck walk test is lacking. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) To determine the sensitivity and specificity of the duck walk test in diagnosing medial meniscal tears. (2) To determine whether tear location, tear cause (traumatic versus degenerative), and ACL insufficiency were associated with differences in the sensitivity and specificity of the test...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807427/paediatric-fracture-clinic-re-design-incorporating-a-virtual-fracture-clinic
#9
Paul M Robinson, Francis Sim, Mark Latimer, Piers D Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: The use of virtual fracture clinics (VFCs) and home management protocols is increasing. The main aim of this research is to determine whether a paediatric home management programme and VFC can be used safely to manage a range of suitable fractures in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Protocols for the home management of stable paediatric fractures were designed by two consultant paediatric orthopaedic surgeons. These were for children between the ages of 18 months and 15 years 364 days...
August 4, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806822/-multiple-myeloma-current-status-in-diagnostic-testing-and-therapy
#10
Michael Kehrer, Sebastian Koob, Andreas Strauss, Dieter Christian Wirtz, Jan Schmolders
Background Multiple myeloma is a haematological blood cancer of the bone marrow and is classified by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as a plasma cell neoplasm. In multiple myeloma, normal plasma cells transform into malignant myeloma cells and produce large quantities of an abnormal immunoglobulin called monoclonal protein or M protein. This ultimately causes multiple myeloma symptoms such as bone damage or kidney problems. The annual worldwide incidence of multiple myeloma is estimated to be 6 - 7/100,000 and accounts for 1% of all cancer...
August 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805066/active-controlled-motion-in-early-rehabilitation-improves-outcome-after-ankle-fractures-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Hendrik Jansen, Martin Jordan, Sönke Frey, Stefanie Hölscher-Doht, Rainer Meffert, Timo Heintel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of active controlled motion (ACM) after unstable ankle fractures needing initial partial weight-bearing. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS: A total of 50 patients with unstable ankle fractures and the need for partial weight-bearing for six weeks. INTERVENTIONS: Randomization in two groups: physiotherapy alone or physiotherapy with an additional ACM device...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804813/a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-applications-and-complications-of-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-in-management-of-bone-defects-and-nonunions
#12
REVIEW
Mohamed A Imam, James Holton, Lukas Ernstbrunner, Wojciech Pepke, Florian Grubhofer, Ali Narvani, Martyn Snow
PURPOSE: Fracture healing encompasses a succession of dynamic multifactorial metabolic events, which ultimately re-establishes the integrity of the biomechanical properties of the bone. Up to 10% of the fractures occurring annually will need additional surgical procedures because of impaired healing. The aim of this article is to review the current literature regarding the use of bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) and its effectiveness in the management of bone defects. METHODS: We have included all published clinical literature investigating the development, techniques and applications of BMAC...
August 13, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802424/can-antibiotic-impregnated-cement-nail-achieve-both-infection-control-and-bony-union-in-infected-diaphyseal-femoral-non-unions
#13
Chetan Pradhan, Atul Patil, Chetan Puram, Dheeraj Attarde, Parag Sancheti, Ashok Shyam
BACKGROUND: Infected non-union is complex and debilitating disorder affecting orthopaedic surgeon and patient in terms of cost and time. Many methods are described in the literature for treatment of infected non-union. Local high concentration of antibiotic and mechanical stability of antibiotic cement impregnated intramedullary nail (ACIIN) proves cost and time effective. Recently it was suggested that ACIIN can achieve both union and infection control in infected non-unions with bone gap less than 4cm...
August 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802418/delayed-presentation-or-delayed-diagnosis-a-retrospective-study-of-prospectively-collected-data-of-482-foot-and-ankle-injuries
#14
Rajiv Shah, Shivam Shah
BACKGROUND: Delayed presentation of injury cases is common in developing countries like India. It is prudent to study reasons for delayed presentations to focus preventive measures towards responsible factors. Since foot and ankle orthopaedics is in its infancy in India, it was deemed to be worthwhile to study reasons for delayed presentations of foot and ankle injuries. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from 482 foot and ankle injuries treated at our three foot and ankle centres over past three years was undertaken...
August 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801390/the-benefits-of-hardware-removal-in-patients-with-pain-or-discomfort-after-fracture-healing-of-the-ankle-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Alexandra Thune, Mårten Hagelberg, Hans Nåsell, Olof Sköldenberg
INTRODUCTION: For any orthopaedic surgeon working with trauma; ankle fractures are one of the most common injuries treated. The treatment of ankle fractures can be conservative, using external fixation, but more commonly the fractures are treated with open reduction and internal fixation. Residual pain and discomfort are common in patients after surgical treatment of fractures of the ankle. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether the pain or discomfort is due to the implants left in situ or the primary injury itself...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801079/re-raising-muscle-flaps-a-randomised-controlled-animal-study
#16
K Bradshaw, M Wagels
BACKGROUND: In the experience of our centre, 33% of reconstructed compound lower limb injuries will need an orthopaedic revision.(1) A flap may be re-raised through numerous methods, and historically, the approach of choice has been based on the principle of protecting the vascular pedicle rather than the inset. Our aim was to determine whether a marginal versus a split approach to re-raising inferred a higher risk of flap necrosis and whether more attention should be paid to protecting the inset of the flap, particularly at the distal portion...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801031/substitution-of-doctors-with-physiotherapists-in-the-management-of-common-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Darryn Marks, Tracy Comans, Leanne Bisset, Paul A Scuffham
BACKGROUND: There is large variation in models-of-care involving the professional substitution of doctors with physiotherapists. OBJECTIVE: To establish the impact upon patients and health services, of substituting doctors with physiotherapists in the management of common musculoskeletal disorders. DATA SOURCES: Medline, CINAHL and ABI Complete databases, and hand-searching of related studies. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised and non-randomised clinical trials, inter-rater reliability and comparative studies comparing the outcomes of usual care from doctors, with outcomes when the doctor was substituted with a physiotherapist...
November 28, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800719/total-ankle-arthroplasty-comparing-perioperative-outcomes-when-performed-at-an-orthopaedic-specialty-hospital-versus-an-academic-teaching-hospital
#18
David M Beck, Eric M Padegimas, David I Pedowitz, Steven M Raikin
BACKGROUND: The number of total ankle arthroplasties (TAAs) performed in the United States has risen significantly in recent years, as has utilization of orthopaedic specialty hospital (OSH) to treat healthy patients undergoing elective surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative outcomes following TAA at an OSH when compared with a matching population of patients undergoing TAA at an academic teaching hospital (ATH). METHODS: We identified all TAA from January 2014 to December 2014 at the OSH and January 2010 to January 2016 at the ATH...
August 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798994/intra-operative-fluoroscopic-radiation-exposure-in-orthopaedic-trauma-theatre
#19
Mustafa S Rashid, Sheweidin Aziz, Syed Haydar, Simon S Fleming, Amit Datta
INTRODUCTION: Radiation exposure from intra-operative fluoroscopy in orthopaedic trauma surgery is a common occupational hazard. References for fluoroscopy use in the operating room for commonly performed operations have not been reported adequately. This study aimed to report appropriate intra-operative fluoroscopy use in orthopaedic trauma and compare the effect of surgery type and surgeon grade on radiation exposure. METHODS: Data on 849 cases over an 18-month period were analysed retrospectively...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796986/evaluation-of-stomatognathic-problems-in-children-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-osteogenesis-imperfecta-oi-preliminary-study
#20
Danuta Smoląg, Małgorzata Kulesa-Mrowiecka, Jerzy Sułko
According to epidemiological data, muscular dysfunctions of the masticatory system occur in 15-23% of the population. Preventive examinations of functional disorders of the stomatognathic system are, therefore, of particular importance. A distinct group of patients exposed to dysfunctions in the area of the masticatory organ locomotor apparatus comprises those with genetic diseases characterised by disorders in collagen formation. One of such diseases is osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and dentinogenesis imperfecta that usually goes together with the former...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
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